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Vosganian Gregory S - - 2011
Primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL) is a rare, non-Hodgkin lymphoma considered to be a subtype of primary central nervous system lymphoma. We describe a 65-year-old woman who presented to the Hematology/Oncology Clinic at Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California, who was diagnosed with bilateral PIOL without systemic disease. She enjoyed a 16-month ...
Imhof Laurence - - 2011
We report on a 15-year-old female with a 3-month history of a pruritic, erythematous cutaneous eruption on the right cheek and perioral area. The lesion had a linear distribution following the lines of Blaschko. Histopathological findings and direct immunofluorescence were compatible with chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE). Treatment with topical ...
Ghannoum Marc - - 2011
Contrary to popular opinion, application of extracorporeal therapies for poisonings predates their use for ESRD. Despite this observation, the science of blood purification in toxicology remains desperately stagnant today. In fact, much of our current knowledge is derived from George Schreiner's 1958 review. Original publications are almost exclusively composed of ...
Garlich Fiona M - - 2011
During the past 25 years, numerous changes have taken place in the use of hemodialysis as a therapeutic modality. Advances in technologies and a progression in our collective understanding of the pharmacokinetics of certain xenobiotics have resulted in alterations in the indications, effectiveness, and safety of hemodialysis. However, these changes ...
Cantatore S - - 2011
Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening infection with a low recurrence rate. However, this possibility has always to be considered and avoided. This case report concerns a 5-year-old girl who was admitted in our Emergency Pediatric Unit for symptoms of bacterial meningitis and signs of disseminated intra-vascular coagulopathy. After a successful ...
Khan Fahmi Yousef - - 2011
We report a case of Enterococcus gallinarum meningitis in a 53-year-old female who was admitted to our hospital with a fever, headache, and consciousness disturbance one week after a life-saving craniotomy operation. There was obvious neck stiffness; lumber puncture was performed and cerebrospinal fluid parameters were consistent with bacterial meningitis. ...
Dingwall Kylie M - - 2011
This review examines cognitive, neurological, and neuroanatomical recovery associated with abstinence from volatile substance misuse (VSM). Articles describing functional or structural brain changes longitudinally or cross-sectional reports comparing current and abstinent users were identified and reviewed. A significant lack of empirical studies investigating central nervous system recovery following VSM was ...
Kim Dennis P - - 2011
Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by loosely hanging skin folds. Histopathology reveals degenerative changes in the dermal elastic fibers, although loss of elastin can also occur in alveolar walls, blood vessels, and other organs. The coexistence of autoimmune diseases and monoclonal gammopathies is rare but ...
Tripathy Pradipta - - 2011
Primary intradural extramedullary ependymomas are very rare. They are called primary in this location as they do not have any connection with the central nervous system. They usually develop from an ectopic ependymal cell nest. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases have been described in the literature. ...
Koshy Robin - - 2011
Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are uncommon and occur mainly in immunocompromised patients. We describe a case of central nervous system aspergilloma without any evidence of systemic or paranasal foci in a diabetic but otherwise immunocompetent 71-year-old female treated successfully with surgical resection and medical therapy with ...
Bhargava Sumeet - - 2011
Aluminum phosphide is a systemic lethal poison. Fistulous communication between esophagus and airway tract (esophagorespiratory fistula) has rarely been reported in the survivors of aluminum phosphide poisoning. We report a case of benign esophagobronchial fistula secondary to aluminum phosphide poisoning, which to best of our knowledge has not been reported ...
Xu Zucai - - 2011
Nervous system injuries associated with epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF) are not rarely seen. However, cerebrovascular disease arising from EHF is rarely reported in the literature. A 50-year-old male patient suffered from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). No abnormal condition was found in intracranial vascular digital subtraction angiography (DSA). But, this patient presented ...
Qi Bin - - 2011
Neurocysticercosis, involvement of the central nervous system by taenia solium, is one of the most common parasitic diseases of the CNS. However, spinal involvement by neurocysticercosis is uncommon. Here, we reported a 40-year-old woman with intramedullary cysticercosis in the thoracic spinal cord. MRI revealed two well-defined round intramedullary lesions at ...
Poulikakos P J - - 2010
Mollaret's meningitis is a rare form of benign recurrent aseptic meningitis first described in 1944. We report a case of Mollaret's meningitis due to Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV2), diagnosed with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) implementation in the Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the patient and treated successfully with acyclovir. ...
Goldani Luciano Z - - 2010
Candida species are an uncommon cause of meninigitis. Given the rarity of this infection, the epidemiology, prognosis, and optimal therapy for Candida meningitis are poorly defined. The authors report on a paraplegic patient due to spinal cord injury who developed C. tropicalis meningitis. In addition, we review and discuss other ...
Kalokhe Ameeta S - - 2010
We present a case of cardiac device-related Aspergillus endocarditis in a patient with a pacemaker and an allogeneic bone marrow transplant to segue into a review of the Aspergillus endocarditis literature. Aspergillus endocarditis should be suspected in patients with underlying immunosuppression, negative cultures, and a vegetation on echocardiography. Diagnosis ultimately ...
Cooper Cynthia - - 2011
This article reviews literature on Narrative Medicine and applies this knowledge to hand therapy using brief case examples in which the narrative message of each example is illustrated. The value of narratives in hand therapy is thereby described. Level of evidence: 5.
Schnell David - - 2010
We report a pediatric case of negative blood culture pulmonary valve endocarditis caused by a nontoxinogenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype gravis and review the literature on this disease.
Burda Tony - - 2010
Acetaminophen and acetaminophen combination products are the most frequent medications involved in intentional and unintentional poisonings. The 2008 National Poison Data System compiled by the American Association of Poison Control Centers documented 98,578 acetaminophen-related poisonings, which includes 91 fatalities. Very few case reports of ingestions of acetaminophen extended release with ...
Al-Binali Ali M - - 2010
Cantharidin is an intoxicant found in beetles in the Meloidae (Coleoptera) family. Ingestion may result in haematemesis, impaired level of consciousness, electrolyte disturbance, haematurea and renal impairment. Here, we report two paediatric cases of meloid beetle ingestion resulting in cantharidin poisoning and the clinical presentation of the ensuing intoxication.
Chentanez Teera - - 2011
We report on a case of endocarditis attributable to Cardiobacterium hominis in a 31-year-old man who presented with acute-onset, left-sided hemiparesthesia. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed acute infarctions in 2 areas of the right cerebral cortex, and a transesophageal echocardiogram revealed vegetation in a previously unrecognized bicuspid aortic ...
Türker Tolga - - 2010
Variations of the long extensor tendon to the thumb are very rare. We present three cases in which there was a supernumerary long extensor tendon to the thumb. In all three cases, the supernumerary tendon emerged from the fourth dorsal compartment and had a parallel course to the extensor pollicis ...
Minces Lucio R - - 2010
Peptostreptococcus infective endocarditis is rare but associated with high morbidity. We report two cases and evaluate all positive blood cultures for Peptostreptococcus at our institution, followed by a review of the literature. This organism causes a subacute presentation and cardiac valve pathology is a risk factor. Penicillin remains the treatment ...
Loukas Marios - - 2010
The Chiari network, present in approximately 2% of the population, and is a reticulated network of fibers originating from the Eustachian connecting to different parts of the right atrium. Its presence results from incomplete reabsorption of the right valve of the sinus venosus. Chiari's network is often clinically insignificant. However, ...
Ucak Alper - - 2010
Endocardial fibroelastosis is characterized by massive proliferation of collagenous and elastic tissue, in which the pathological process is restricted to the endocardium. In this report, we present the case of a 20-year-old man with Behcet's disease and endocardial fibroelastosis of the right ventricle involving tricuspid valve resulting in a tumor ...
Khan Sardar U - - 2010
Neonatal suppurative parotitis is very rare. One review of the English-language literature spanning 35 years found only 32 cases. Most cases are managed conservatively with antibiotic therapy; early antibiotic treatment reduces the need for surgery. The predominant organism is Staphylococcus aureus. We report a new case of neonatal suppurative parotitis ...
Gabus Vincent - - 2010
The main clinical manifestations of Whipple's disease are weight loss, arthropathy, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Cardiac involvement is frequently described. However, endocarditis is rare and is not usually the initial presentation of the disease. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a patient with ...
Smollin Craig - - 2010
Carbon monoxide is an odourless, colourless gas, and poisoning causes hypoxia, cell damage, and death. Exposure to carbon monoxide is measured either directly from blood samples and expressed as a percentage of carboxyhaemoglobin, or indirectly using the carbon monoxide in expired breath. Carboxyhaemoglobin percentage is the most frequently used biomarker ...
Bouma Wobbe - - 2010
Libman-Sacks endocarditis of the mitral valve was first described by Libman and Sacks in 1924. Currently, the sterile verrucous vegetative lesions seen in Libman-Sacks endocarditis are regarded as a cardiac manifestation of both systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although typically mild and asymptomatic, complications of Libman-Sacks ...
Grundmann Sebastian - - 2010
Endocarditis due to Actinomyces neuii is a rare disease, with only 14 reported cases. Recently, A. neuii was added to the list of species implicated in endocarditis of native valves. We now report the first case of prosthetic valve endocarditis and the first successful control of endocarditis caused by this ...
Venkatram Malini - - 2009
Eustachian valve (EV) endocarditis is extremely rare and often difficult to diagnose. An extensive review of the English literature has shown no report of EV endocarditis as a complication of the automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD). A rare case is reported following AICD placement that was diagnosed by clinical findings ...
Minces Lucio R - - 2009
Candida rugosa is a rare cause of candidaemia, but important to recognize because of frequent azole-resistance and its association with catheters and total parenteral nutrition. Recommended therapy is an echinocandin or amphotericin, and catheter discontinuation. Fluconazole might be substituted based on susceptibility testing and a clinical response to initial therapy.
Gorki Hagen - - 2009
Non-typhoid Salmonellae (NTS) commonly cause gastroenteritis but are rarely found pathogens in prosthetic heart valve endocarditis. The details of two patients from the authors' institution and 15 published cases are reviewed in terms of their risk factors, clinical findings and outcomes. Only two of eight patients with paravalvular leakage or ...
Goh Jia Jun - - 2009
A recurrent right temporal glioblastoma that vanished on MRI after a short course of intense corticosteroid therapy is reported. This was associated with development of new multicentric lesions in the right frontal lobe and right splenium of the corpus callosum. Rapid disappearance of tumor with steroid therapy is frequently associated ...
Mutlu Halil - - 2009
After conducting a PubMed search, 11 articles describing a total of 12 cases of native valve Salmonella enteritidis (S. enteritidis) endocarditis were identified in the English literature. Only 13 cases of prosthetic valve endocarditis attributed to S. enteritidis have been published in the English literature. Only 1 case involving the ...
Minces Lucio R - - 2009
Candida rugosa is a rare cause of candidaemia, but important to recognize because of frequent azole-resistance and its association with catheters and total parenteral nutrition. Recommended therapy is an echinocandin or amphotericin, and catheter discontinuation. Fluconazole might be substituted based on susceptibility testing and a clinical response to initial therapy.
Yang Mei-Hui - - 2008
We present a case of splenic rupture as the cause of a sudden drop in blood pressure soon after mitral valve surgery for infective endocarditis. This case suggests that, in addition to more common causes of unstable vital signs after valvular surgery, such as cardiac tamponade or bleeding at the ...
Janow Ginger - - 2009
We report the case of a 26-day-old premature infant born at 24 weeks' gestation who developed septicemia while receiving vancomycin therapy. The blood isolate initially identified as a vancomycin-resistant Streptococcous viridans was found to be Leuconostoc spp. Her condition improved with parenteral ampicillin and gentamicin therapy and removal of the ...
Jilaihawi Hasan - - 2008
Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR) offers considerable promise in treating high risk patients with aortic valve disease. Two devices are currently clinically available for transfemoral delivery: the Edwards-Sapien balloon-expandable bioprosthesis and the Corevalve self-expanding bioprosthesis, both of which require careful sizing of the peripheral vasculature. Through a case based discussion, ...
Tran, MaryAnn P
Abstract Background Streptococcus intermedius is a member of the Streptococcus anginosus group. Clinical disease with S. intermedius is characterized by abscess formation and rarely endocarditis. Identification of Streptococcus intermedius is difficult, leading to the development of molecular methods to more accurately identify and characterize this organism. Case presentation Over a ...
Mani Reeta Subramaniam RS Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India. - - 2008
We report a case of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum (synanamorph Nattrassia mangiferae) in a young, apparently immunocompetent Indian male. Etiological diagnosis was made by recovery of the fungus in culture and histopathological examination. The infection proved fatal despite aggressive antifungal therapy.
Kettani M - - 2008
The authors report the case of a young girl with a Carpentier-Edwards annuloplasty ring for severe rheumatic mitral disease who presented 4 years later with mitral restenosis due to commissural fusion. She underwent successful percutaneous mitral commissurotomy with an Inoue balloon. Technical specificities and the safety of the procedure are ...
Chawla Arun - - 2008
Symptomatic presentation of orthotopic ureterocele in infancy is very rare and its association with posterior urethral valves has not been reported till date. The first such case and a review of the literature on anomalies in association with posterior urethral valves is presented.
Buckler Bradley S - - 2008
The current standard of care for a fungal central venous catheter infection in a pediatric patient usually requires removal without any other feasible options. Although removal may reduce the rate of Candida-associated complications, literature reviews question whether the outcomes of removal substantiate this being the standard of care. We report ...
Noman Fatima - - 2008
The case report of a young male with Endocarditis caused by Moraxella lacunata is presented. Although a well recognized cause of keratitis, conjunctivitis, and sinusitis; very few cases of endocarditis by this rare pathogen are reported in literature. Patient showed a prompt response when empirical therapy was de-escalated to penicillin, ...
Jitmuang Anupop - - 2008
Primary actinomycotic endocarditis is extremely rare. The author reported a case who suffered from endocarditis due to Actinomyces georgiae which the portal of entry for the organism could not be determined The author also reviewed the literature which described similar conditions. In addition, to the author's knowledge, there have been ...
Assche Anthony F Van - - 2008
A 40-year old Indigenous woman with a history of mitral valve replacement was admitted to the Royal Darwin Hospital, Northern Territory, for an elective cone biopsy of the cervix. During the admission, she had recurrent fever and joint pain of the left knee. Blood was cultured, and she was treated ...
Hsiao Ju-Feng - - 2008
We report a case of Neisseria elongata endocarditis with thalamic septic embolization and subsequent brain abscess formation, which to the best of our knowledge has never been reported in the literature. The brain abscess completely resolved after a surgical repair of the infected mitral valve and an additional 4 weeks ...
Tran MaryAnn P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus intermedius is a member of the Streptococcus anginosus group. Clinical disease with S. intermedius is characterized by abscess formation and rarely endocarditis. Identification of Streptococcus intermedius is difficult, leading to the development of molecular methods to more accurately identify and characterize this organism. CASE PRESENTATION: Over a period ...
Mays Kara L - - 2008
Music therapy is the use of musical interventions in a therapeutic setting to accomplish health-related goals. Descriptions of music therapy exist in the peer-reviewed literature and indicate potential use of music therapy in treatment of patients with addiction disorders. This systematic review describes and compares the types of music therapy ...
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