Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 809
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Rath Pratap Kumar - - 2003
Splenic flexure is a rare site for volvulus. Very few cases have been reported in the literature. Cases mostly present with recurrent attacks of obstruction with distension of the abdomen. A case of a young female who had primary splenic plexure volvulus due to absence of ligamental attachment has been ...
Chai Francis - - 2003
Ligneous conjunctivitis is a rare condition that can involve the mucous membranes of the upper and lower airways and temporal bone extensively. This can lead to life threatening airway obstruction. Involvement of the middle ear and mastoid may cause significant conductive hearing loss. This is the first reported case with ...
Bahadori K - - 2003
Intestinal obstruction caused by internal hernia is a rare condition. A 14-year-old girl who suffered from acute abdominal pain two days after appendectomy is presented. Abdominal sonography and plain abdominal x-ray showed dilated small bowel loops and air-fluid levels indicating mechanical intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy revealed small intestine loops herniated ...
Amory C - - 2003
We report a case of accidental puncture of the small bowel during an ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block procedure for hernia repair. The diagnosis was made a few days later during a laparoscopic exploration owing to the progressive onset of clinical and radiological intestinal obstruction. A large, obstructing subserosal haematoma was found ...
Ansari M S - - 2003
We describe a case of small bowel obstruction in a thirty-year-old adult male, which was discovered to be on account of a large hydronephrotic nonfunctioning kidney. An emergency percutaneous nephrostomy alleviated the massive abdominal distension and symptoms of small bowel obstruction. We have reviewed the causes, differential diagnosis and discussed ...
Sheen Aali J - - 2003
A 31-year-old man underwent a laparotomy for acute intestinal obstruction symptoms, which he had intermittently experienced for 14 years. The cause of the obstruction was due to a volvulus of the small bowel caused by a mesenteric lipoma. This is a rare finding, which is ideally diagnosed by computed tomography, ...
Ridha Jeffrey R - - 2003
We report a case of acute small bowel obstruction occurring secondary to endometriosis of the terminal ileum. Ileal endometriosis is a rare condition that can cause acute small bowel obstruction. As this case and others in the literature highlight, establishing a preoperative diagnosis is very difficult due to the vagueness ...
Hayward H - - 2003
Acute epiglottitis is a potentially rapidly fatal illness. Although commonly thought of as a disease affecting children, it is increasingly being diagnosed in adults. We report a case of upper airway obstruction due to epiglottitis in a 37-year-old female. The need for early diagnosis because of the risk of a ...
Steenvoorde P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In a period of 5 years, 2 patients with enterolith ileus, caused by jejunal diverticulosis, were treated in our hospital. In order to learn more about treatment options, the literature was reviewed. METHODS: The case history of the 2 patients is described. Relevant articles were identified using Medline and ...
Kaur Ravinder - - 2002
The parasitic causes of diarrhea in children in Delhi were determined by the direct smear technique; stool specimens of 127 children were examined for intestinal parasites. In 59 cases (46.5%) intestinal helminths and protozoa were demonstrated. Ascaris lumbricoides was observed in 1 (0.8%) case, while Trichuris trichiura was the finding ...
Volmar Keith E - - 2003
The pathogenesis of the prune belly syndrome (PBS) remains controversial, but two theories predominate. The first theory supports an obstructive phenomenon early in gestation leading to irreversible damage to the genitourinary tract and abdominal wall. The second theory suggests mesodermal injury between the 6th and 10th weeks of gestation as ...
See J Y - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of transomental herniation of the ileum through a defect in the gastrocolic ligament with re-emergence through a defect in the gastrohepatic ligament. This type of herniation is extremely rare and a review of the literature is presented. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old Chinese male presented with ...
Gmora Scott - - 2002
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ie, Ogilvie's syndrome) is an uncommon but serious condition in the pediatric population. Definitive management traditionally has consisted of endoscopic decompression. Recent studies have documented the effectiveness of neostigmine as a pharmacologic alternative to mechanical decompression. To date, however, this literature has focused exclusively on the adult ...
Salomon Laurent J - - 2002
A small omphalocele was diagnosed and followed up prenatally. Ultrasonography examinations and clinical examination at birth were all consistent with an isolated, small omphalocele. Immediate surgical exploration at birth found an associated type I intestinal atresia. This rare association and the need for immediate postnatal management of omphalocele are discussed, ...
Seyfarth Tobias - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report a rare complication of antegrade femoral access for percutaneous aspiration thromboembolectomy and transluminal angioplasty. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old obese woman underwent antegrade femoral aspiration thromboembolectomy for lower limb arterial embolism. Fifteen hours later, she presented with acute abdomen and decreased hemoglobin. Computed tomography showed small bowel obstruction, ...
Mandeville John T H - - 2002
This review covers evolving concepts in lacrimal outflow obstruction. Recent studies have increased our understanding of the surgical anatomy and pathophysiology of the lacrimal drainage system through radiologic, clinical, and microbiologic techniques. While external dacryocystorhinostomy remains an important treatment for nasolacrimal duct obstruction, there have been a number of therapeutic ...
Wang Ning-Chi - - 2002
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most common AIDS-associated neoplasm. It involves the gastrointestinal tract, skin and lymph nodes with about equal frequency. However, most cases of gastrointestinal KS are clinically silent and found incidentally. We report the case of a 31-year-old homosexual man who developed intussusception in association with a ...
Blew Brian - - 2002
PURPOSE: Nephrogenic rests (NR) are clusters of cells similar to renal blastema. NR are frequently seen in kidneys with Wilms' tumor (WT) and are seen with higher frequency in nephrectomy specimens from obstructed and/or multicystic dysplastic kidneys (MCDK) compared to autopsy series of normal kidneys. The significance of NR and ...
Githaiga J W - - 2002
This is a case report of a 23 year old multiparous woman who presented with intestinal obstruction and a right hypochondrial mass. Laparatomy revealed an infarcted 1.4 Kg spleen in the right lumbar region compressing the ascending colon. There was also ileal volvulus around the splenic pedicle. This is probably ...
Kasim Y M - - 2002
One hundred and thirty cases of obstructed labour were managed amongst 1,860 deliveries over a period of 2 years. 34 cases were due to acquired gynaetraesia following female genital mutilation in infancy and childhood. This paper highlights the magnitude, prevalence of this negative traditional practice and the effect on reproduction. ...
Clegg-Lamptey J N A - - 2002
Eosinophilic enteritis is a rare condition of unknown aetiology, although it is generally believed to be due to intestinal allergy. It may mimic peptic ulcer, subacute (or chronic) intestinal obstruction, gastroenteritis, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease. The diagnosis is often difficult to make and most cases are only ...
Ahmed S - - 2002
Twelve days after subtotal thyroidectomy, an air pocket developed in a patient's neck. The pressure in this pocket had gradually increased as small amounts of air, probably associated with coughing, came out of a tiny hole in the trachea to form a pneumocoele. This produced limited surgical emphysema, causing venous ...
Hamada Y - - 2002
Postoperative intussusception of the appendiceal stump is a rare complication of appendicectomy. We report an infant who developed an intussusception of the appendiceal stump 2 days following an appendicectomy performed during a right inguinal herniotomy as a day case. The intussusception was diagnosed on ultrasonography and was to be treated ...
Carucci Laura R - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency and nature of abnormalities observed on radiographs after placement of jejunostomy (J) tubes for enteral nutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiology database review revealed that 280 studies of the J tube or of the small bowel with water-soluble contrast material and/or barium sulfate were performed in ...
Costello John M - - 2002
Plastic bronchitis is a condition in which large, bronchial casts with rubber-like consistency develop in the tracheobronchial tree and cause airway obstruction. We describe a 4-year-old girl who had Fontan physiology and who developed plastic bronchitis and report for the first time the use of aerosolized tissue plasminogen activator for ...
Ravenna F - - 2002
Case reports of a short trachea with early branching of the main bronchi are uncommon. The case is presented of a 64 year old woman with upper airway obstruction due to this anatomical abnormality which caused breathlessness and wheezing that was misdiagnosed (and treated) as bronchial asthma for many years.
Yilmaz Erkan - - 2002
Giant hydronephrosis caused by congenital ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is a rare urological entity in childhood. We report a case of giant hydronephrosis in a 12-year-old boy presented with abdominal distension. Radiological features of this rare entity are discussed with an overview of sonographic findings, especially including CT and MR ...
Gordon Uma Deve - - 2002
The advent of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has offered new solutions for the management of patients with azoospermia. Surgical sperm recovery combined with ICSI has allowed many men with azoospermia to father their own biological children. Azoospermia can be classified as obstructive and non-obstructive, with investigations, management and success rates ...
Sah Shatrughan Prasad - - 2002
Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) of jejunnum is a rare nonneoplastic lesion of gastrointestinal tract. We report a case of a 45-year-old man presenting with small bowel obstruction due to jejuno-jejunal intussusception of an inflammatory fibroid polyp. To the best of our knowledges, this is the eighth reported case with such ...
Sah Shatrughan Prasad - - 2002
We report herein the case of a 10-year-old child with small bowel obstruction caused by jejunojejunal intussusception of a juvenile polyp. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the third case reported of a juvenile polyp in the small intestine and the first case to be documented in ...
Chadwick M A - - 2002
Amyloidoses are a group of disorders in which deposition of abnormal amounts of protein complexes (amyloid) occurs in a variety of tissues. The upper aerodigestive tract may be affected, particularly the larynx, but hypopharyngeal involvement is rarely reported. We present a unique case of amyloidosis of the post-cricoid region causing ...
Singh Iqbal - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of obstructed hydronephrotic kidney mimicking a multicystic kidney and to review the literature regarding differentiation of the hydronephrotic variant of multicystic kidney from the obstructed hydronephronic kidney. To suggest a possible algorithm in distinguishing them. METHODS: We have reported a case of a 35-year-old male ...
Nozoe Tadahiro - - 2002
Intestinal herniation through a defect in the broad ligament of the uterus is uncommon among internal herniations. We herein report a 59-year-old woman with intestinal obstruction, who had no previous history of surgical treatment except for an appendectomy. The laparotomy revealed an incarceration of the small bowel herniation through the ...
Lee Ji Shin - - 2002
Adenomyoma of the small intestine is an extremely rare entity characterized by a mixture of glandular structures lined by columnar epithelium, with intervening bundles of smooth muscle. We report a case of adenomyoma of the jejunum that caused intussusception in an adult. Histologically, the morphologic features are typical of adenomyoma ...
Kotan Cetin - - 2002
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma occurs most commonly in the extremities and trunk, but rarely in the visceral organs. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the small intestine is an extremely rare condition. To our knowledge, only ten cases of primary tumors involving the small intestine have been described up to now. Among them ...
Khan Zulfiqar Ali Jehangir - - 2002
Volvulus of the small bowel, although rare, carries a high risk of strangulation and ischemic necrosis. It is usually caused by the rotation of a loop of small intestine around an adhesion band or stoma. We present a case of an anterior gastropexy band, giving rise to a small bowel ...
Goettler C E - - 2001
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) now is managed frequently successfully without surgical intervention. NEC may result in strictures, which present after the acute inflammatory process has resolved. Strictures usually present as obstruction in the first year or two of life. A case report is presented of an 11-year-old child who had symptoms ...
Davenport M - - 2001
Four cases of antenatally diagnosed gastroschisis are described in whom there was significant closure of the abdominal wall defect around the prolapsed midgut. In 2 cases this resulted in near-total midgut infarction and short bowel syndrome. In a further case there was entry and exit jejunal and colonic atresia and ...
Sourtzis S - - 2002
Internal herniation through a congenital defect in the falciform ligament is extremely rare. We report an unusual observation of small bowel obstruction through an iatrogenic defect of the falciform ligament. Prompt diagnosis was made by helical CT, permitting a rapid surgical procedure to preserve the viability of the obstructed segment.
Freiler J F - - 2001
Clostridium difficile infection is usually associated with antibiotic therapy and is almost always limited to the colonic mucosa. Small bowel enteritis is rare: only 9 cases have been previously cited in the literature. This report describes a case of C. difficile small bowel enteritis that occurred in a patient after ...
Yoon B I - - 2001
An example of lymphoblastic lymphosarcoma was found in a 7-year-old male brown bear (Ursus arctos) that died after having a 7-month history of depression, anorexia and watery diarrhea. Grossly the mesenteric lymph nodes were enlarged to approximately 4 to 6 times their normal size and histologically diagnosed as lymphoblastic lymphosarcoma. ...
Ralph W M WM - - 2001
The effects of phenytoin sodium on lymphoid tissue have been known for some time. However, its effect on the lymphoid tissue of Waldeyer's ring is unreported in the otolaryngology literature. We present the case of a 78-year-old woman who was treated with phenytoin for generalized tonic-clonic seizures for 4 months ...
Prasad A - - 2001
Tuberculous biliary stricture is a very rare cause of obstructive jaundice. A case of a man who had had pulmonary tuberculosis 20 years ago is reported. He now presented with obstructive jaundice due to multiple strictures just below the confluence of the hepatic ducts and in the right hepatic duct. ...
De Caluwé D - - 2001
Sigmoid volvulus is an exceptionally rare cause of intestinal obstruction in neonates. Only 7 cases have been reported in the English and French literature. The authors report a recent case of sigmoid volvulus in a neonate secondary to anal stenosis and review the diagnosis and management of this serious condition. ...
Hwang C S - - 2001
Duodenojejunal intussusception is a rare pediatric emergency. A case of duodenojejunal intussusception secondary to hamartomatous polyps of the second portion of duodenum in a 10-month-old boy is reported. Surgical excision of the polyps and reduction of the intussusception were performed. Pathologic examination found hamartomatous polyps. This is the third case ...
Konvolinka C W - - 2001
Cecal volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction after major abdominal surgery. A case of cecal volvulus occurring in the early postoperative period after left colon resection for malignancy is presented. Clinical evaluation and plain abdominal radiographs suggesting cecal volvulus prompted laparotomy and correction. Delay in diagnosis results in ...
Sobol S E - - 2001
Lymphangiomas present commonly in the head and neck region with over 90% of lesions diagnosed before 2 years of age. These lesions have rarely been reported as a cause of acute upper airway obstruction and to date, there are very few reports in the literature documenting the presence of lymphangiomas ...
Barakate M S - - 2001
Ludwig's angina, although uncommon, remains a potentially life-threatening condition because of the risk of impending airway obstruction. Effective treatment is based on early recognition of the clinical process, with the appropriate use of parenteral antibiotics, airway protection techniques, and formal surgical drainage of the infection. We present a case of ...
Applewhite A A - - 2001
A 10-month-old, neutered male Saint Bernard presented for evaluation of acute, severe vomiting. A soft-tissue mass was noted within the stomach on survey abdominal radiographs. The diagnosis of pylorogastric intussusception was made during exploratory celiotomy. The intussusception was manually reduced at surgery, the pyloric antrum was enlarged, and the duodenum ...
Lee M C - - 2001
Intestinal obstruction caused by internal hernia due to Meckel diverticulum is a rare disease. The condition is seldom diagnosed preoperatively. In this paper, we present a 10-month-old boy who suffered from abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, and mild fever for 2 days. Abdominal sonography, plain abdomen X-ray, and computed tomography merely ...
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