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Luhmann Andreas - - 2009
Intussusception in pregnancy is rare and poses unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. We present the case of a 22 year old, 20 weeks pregnant woman who presented with acute abdominal pain. Following abdominal ultrasound scanning she was diagnosed with intussusception. The patient underwent laparotomy and a small bowel resection was ...
Efremidou Eleni I - - 2009
Intestinal necrosis and perforation is a clinical and pathological presentation of the infrequently seen mesenteric venous thrombosis in women using oral contraceptives.We report a case of a previously healthy 31-year-old female patient, who presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain.Although chest and abdomen radiographs showed small bowel obstruction, conservative ...
Bhandari Laxminarayan - - 2009
Intestinal obstruction is a common surgical emergency caused by varied conditions. Appendicitis as a cause is both uncommon and unsuspected. Strangulation of intestine caused by appendicitis is extremely rare with very few cases reported in literature. The diagnosis of such a condition is possible only on table, with CT having ...
Chang Hye Kyung - - 2009
The term "obstructive colitis" refers to ulceroinflammatory lesions occurring in the colon proximal to a completely or partially obstructing lesion. It has been referred to by various terms in the literature. This entity differs from the carcinoma of the colon that complicates true ulcerative colitis where there is involvement distal ...
Figueira-Coelho João - - 2009
Small bowel tumors are rare, accounting for only 3-6% of gastrointestinal neoplasms, 1-2% of these being malignant. They must be considered whenever a patient presents with gastrointestinal bleeding, with normal upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy. We report a case of jejunal adenocarcinoma presenting as a blood loss anemia in a ...
Quercioli Alessandra - - 2009
Bezoars represent the fifth most frequent cause of acute small bowel obstruction. Phytobezoar is the most common type of bezoar. It is a concretion of undigestible fibers derived from ingested vegetables and fruits. We report a case of a woman with a 1-year history of recurrent epigastric and periumbilical abdominal ...
Gallivan Gregory J - - 2010
Amyloidosis constitutes a fraction of 1% of benign localized laryngeal tumors and may occasionally be associated with systemic disease. A chronic, insidious, progressive, recurrent disease characterized by hoarseness, dyspnea, and stridor, it is caused by extracellular deposition of insoluble, abnormal tissue injurious fibrils. Submucosal lesions occur frequently in the vestibular ...
Milbrandt Kris - - 2008
Intussusception is a frequent cause for bowel obstructions and pediatric surgical consults. First described by Barbette in 1674, the etiology and treatment of intussusception has undergone several revisions for the last 300 years. Currently, we understand most intussusceptions in young children to be of idiopathic in nature with the incidence ...
Malhotra Ajay - - 2008
Bezoars are conglomerates of food or fiber in the alimentary tract of humans and certain animals, mainly ruminants. A trichobezoar represents a mass of accumulated hair. Trichobezoars may present as an isolated gastric mass, as an extension into the small intestine, or as an independent fragmented mass in the small ...
Doshi A H - - 2009
We report a case of a 79-year-old woman with long-standing achalasia that resulted in respiratory stridor and dyspnea. She was evaluated for tracheal compression with use of CT on inspiration and expiration. Airway obstruction and acute respiratory distress secondary to achalasia have been reported in the clinical literature. The importance ...
Sharma Kamlesh Kumar - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is overwhelmingly described as infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis that overshadows other causes; thereby, there is a need to develop an elaborate and comprehensive classification. We present the same and establish a new disease called primary acquired gastric outlet obstruction during infancy and childhood that was ...
Kapur Raj P - - 2009
Two patients are presented with intestinal pseudo-obstruction and malformations of their intestinal muscularis propria. Histopathological findings in each case indicate a distinct alteration of intestinal muscle architecture. The 1st patient, a teenager with lifelong constipation, had an additional circular muscle tunic in 2 dilated segments of his large intestine. The ...
Gasparrini Marcello - - 2008
Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of gallstone disease, accounting for 1-4% of all bowel obstructions. The phisiopathology is related to the presence of a bilio-enteric fistula. Cholecistoenteric fistulae occur in fewer than 1% of patients with gallstone. We present the case of an 83-years-old woman, complaining of acute abdominal ...
Husein Omar F - - 2008
Neuroglial heterotopias are rare congenital masses that are thought to represent encephaloceles that become sequestered on the extracranial side of the skull base. Although most often adjacent to bony skull base defects, they lack communication to the subarachnoid space. They contain mature neuroglial tissue and specialized central nervous system elements, ...
Delacruz Victor - - 2009
Intestinal xanthomatosis is a rare, nonneoplastic lesion that may involve the small bowel in a localized or generalized way. It most probably represents a nonspecific response to a previous injury. Most cases are not suspected clinically. They are diagnosed by endoscopy/biopsy, surgical specimen, or autopsy. It may be a cause ...
Badr AbdullGaffar - - 2008
Kimura disease is a distinct clinicopathological entity of a benign chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology. It is endemic in Oriental Asians, but sporadic and relatively rare in the West, both in whites and blacks alike. It usually presents as a mass lesion, most commonly in the head and neck ...
Rastogi Rajul - - 2008
Abdominal cocoon or sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction that has been described mostly in young adolescent girls. Thick fibrotic peritoneum encasing the small bowel in a small volume is a pathognomonic feature. This condition presents many difficulties in preoperative diagnosis. Early diagnosis can result in ...
de Jong Tom P V M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test the agreement among pediatric urologists regarding endoscopic findings concerning posterior urethral valves. METHODS: A total of 25 experienced pediatric urologic surgeons observed 11 video fragments of cystourethroscopy in boys. For most of these boys, a strong suspicion of urethral obstruction had been present; however, some were controls. ...
Oofuvong Maliwan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report two cases with known difficult airway in children managed with the classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as a conduit for fiberoptic endotracheal intubation. Management of difficult removal of the LMA is discussed.Clinical Features: After obtaining the verbal consent from the patients and parents, we describe two adolescents ...
Dilege Ece - - 2008
Small bowel intussusception is a rare cause of adult acute abdomen, in which an intraluminal neoplasm is the most frequent cause. Small bowel tumors are uncommon and can have a long delay prior to diagnosis. We present a case of intestinal intussusception originating from a rare variant of small bowel ...
Liu Zhuo-Hao - - 2008
Xanthogranuloma of the sellar region is rare. It typically causes symptoms of pituitary dysfunction or visual change due to compression of the optic chiasm. However, to the best of our knowledge, no case of xanthogranuloma-associated hydrocephalus has been documented in the literature. This study describes a 32-year-old man afflicted with ...
Chao Jeffrey C - - 2008
Although well described in the colon, enteritis cystica profunda is an extremely rare lesion of the small intestine with only a few cases documented in English medical literature. It is a benign condition most often associated with Crohn's disease or Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in the adult. It has been described presenting ...
Türkmen Nursel - - 2008
Small bowel mesenteric volvulus when compared with mesocolonic volvulus, have not high incidence. Two autopsy cases of small bowel mesenteric volvulus in infants, highlighting the importance of a suspicion in early recognition of this rare but potentially fatal intra-abdominal emergency are reported. We also review the literature on possible aetiologies ...
Burke Mark S - - 2008
Case presentation and literature review for intestinal malrotation presenting in an adult. Although the number of patients with this condition that escape infancy undiagnosed is not clear, it is clear that when the rare patient presents as an adult it can be a perplexing situation for surgeons not familiar with ...
Dhingra K K - - 2008
Mucormycosis of the gut in neonates is rare, difficult to recognize and hence usually fatal. These cases are usually diagnosed initially as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which leads to a delay in specific treatment. We present a case of neonatal gastrointestinal tract (GIT) mucormycosis in a 2-day-old infant diagnosed following laparotomy ...
Sharma Satendra - - 2008
This report is to present and discuss an extremely rare association of situs inversus with duodenal atresia in an 11-day-old male neonate born full term and weighing 1.9 kg. The baby presented with recurrent bilious vomiting. Babygram revealed situs inversus and duodenal obstruction. Echocardiography showed dextrocardia with a small ASD. ...
Georgescu Eugen Florin - - 2008
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO) either acute or chronic is a condition including features of intestinal ileus in absence of mechanical obstruction. Our paper presents such a rare case of idiopathic IPO in a 53-year-old male patient with recurrent episodes of pseudo-obstruction, which were successfully resolved by anticholinesterase agents, motilin agonists or ...
Liu Z-Y - - 2008
We herein report a case of lesser sac herniation through a defect in the transverse mesocolon. In addition to CT signs suggestive of bowel obstructions, there are some characteristic CT findings in this extremely rare type of internal herniation, which include clustering of distended jejunal segments directly compressing the pancreas, ...
Byard Roger W - - 2008
Gastrointestinal causes of sudden and/or unexpected death in the young are uncommon and only rarely involve congenital anomalies of the mesentery. Two cases are reported of unexpected deaths following herniation of intestine through congenital mesenteric defects to illustrate the forensic issues that may arise. Case 1 involves a 2.5-year-old girl ...
Yazkan Rasih - - 2008
Tracheocele is a herniation of the tracheal mucous membrane and it is rarely reported in the literature. It may be a congenital defect or an acquired lesion. Traumas, high pressure injuries, long lasting tracheostomy, obstructive tracheal diseases, recurrent infections of the mucous glands of the trachea with subsequent ductal obstruction ...
Talanow Roland - - 2008
The 21(st) century has provided new technical and educational opportunities as well as challenges which have not been approached and exploited sufficiently by traditional scientific journals. Furthermore, case reports are usually "neglected" by traditional journals for a variety of reasons, including limited space in the hardcopy version of the journal ...
Steffensen Thora S - - 2008
Intestinal malrotation has an incidence of 1 per 6000 live births. The most serious consequence of malrotation is volvulus. Midgut volvulus is a rare condition in which the small bowel and proximal colon twist around the superior mesenteric artery, leading to a high-grade proximal bowel obstruction and vascular compromise of ...
Scola Christopher J - - 2008
We reviewed the clinical manifestations of mesenteric vasculitis due to giant cell arteritis (GCA) and considered features of the mesenteric anatomy in relationship to disease expression. We compiled and reviewed a case series by systematic identification of patients previously reported in the English-language literature to have mesenteric involvement from known ...
Gillies Martin J - - 2008
The recognition of neonatal intestinal perforation relies on identification of free gas in the peritoneum on plain abdominal radiographs and the associated clinical signs. The neonatal bowel takes several hours to fill with gas, potentially obscuring one of the radiological signs of bowel perforation in the neonate. We describe the ...
Kotisso Berhanu - - 2008
The Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome is a rare cause of duodenal obstruction. We present two young Ethiopian female patients who were diagnosed with this rare condition. After a duodeno-jejunostomy, the patients showed significant improvement and were discharged in a very good condition. This is the first report of this rare ...
Sparks Dorothy A - - 2008
A 75-year old male presented to the emergency room with worsening abdominal pain and distension. Plain radiographs were suggestive of a large bowel obstruction due to volvulus. An attempt to detorse the volvulus and decompress the colon endoscopically failed, after which the patient was taken for an exploratory laparotomy. A ...
Khan Muhammad Najm - - 2008
Colonic Intussusception although common in children, is a rare cause of acute intestinal obstruction in adults. The etiology, clinical presentation and management of this condition is different in adults as compared to children. Pre-operative diagnosis is usually difficult due to the non specific and intermittent nature of the symptoms. CT ...
Rabau O - - 2008
Intestinal pseudoobstruction is an uncommon clinical condition of varied etiologies. Confusion in its characterization and diagnosis often results in delay in diagnosis as well as inappropriate treatment involving repeated surgery. The various aspects and characteristics of intestinal pseudoobstruction are described by representative case reports of three patients treated in our ...
Nakao Atsunori - - 2008
We report a 91-year-old woman presenting bowel obstruction due to impacted gallstone, who was the oldest patient which has been reported in Japanese scientific literature. The patient was referred to our hospital due to vomiting and abdominal pain. Computed tomography and abdominal X-ray showed dilated loops of small intestine associated ...
Yetim Ibrahim - - 2008
Trichobezoars are caused by hair ingestion. The usual presentation of a trichobezoar is with early satiety and malnutrition. Obstructive symptoms and manifestations of gastric outlet obstruction may occur. The diagnosis may be suspected in young females with malnutrition, who have a history of trichophagia. We report a case of 12-year-old ...
Talanow Roland - - 2008
This special issue of the Journal of Radiology Case Reports honors the reviewers who donated their time and expertise to the high quality and success of this journal.
Makam Ramesh - - 2008
"Peritonitis fibrosa incapsulata", first described in 1907, is a condition characterized by encasement of the bowel with a thick fibrous membrane. This condition was renamed as "abdominal cocoon" in 1978. It presents as small bowel obstruction clinically. 35 cases of abdominal cocoon have been reported in the literature over the ...
Amonkar Suraj J - - 2008
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) is a well-established technique for assessing and treating obstructive jaundice. Plastic and self-expanding metal stents can be deployed as an alternative when ERCP is not feasible or hilar strictures require an antegrade approach. Complication rates of percutaneous procedures are low, and are usually related to bile ...
Obanor O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tetanus is a fatal infection caused by the neurotoxin tetanospasmin released by the vegetative spores of Clostridium tetani. The high mortality rate is related to frequent tetanic fits with laryngeal spasm and airway obstruction. Numerous anticonvulsants are in use, with varying efficacy in controlling fits. This case report highlights ...
Handa A - - 2007
Urinothorax refers to the presence of urine in the pleural space secondary to obstructive uropathy, and is an unusual cause of pleural effusion. The importance of recognising this entity lies in the fact that the condition is completely reversible following relief of urinary tract obstruction. We describe a 35-year-old man ...
Aslanabadi S - - 2007
Intestinal malrotation is a developmental anomaly affecting the position and peritoneal attachments of the small and large bowels during organogenesis in foetal life. It has been defined as absent or incomplete rotation and fixation of the embryonic gut around the superior mesenteric artery. In the present paper, we review the ...
Agrawal Anurag - - 2007
Many obstructive airway disorders such as cystic fibrosis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are characterized by mucous metaplasia of the airway epithelium and chronic mucus hypersecretion. Airway occlusion by mucus plugging has been reported in many cases of fatal asthma and conventional mucolytic therapies have been unable to ...
Thway Khin - - 2009
Ganglioneuromatosis of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare condition that has an established association with the multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome, type IIb. Its occurrence in neurofibromatosis, in which the large intestine is usually affected, is much rarer. We report a case of diffuse ganglioneuromatosis of the small bowel, found incidentally ...
Ibegbu Eric - - 2007
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube complications can be serious or life threatening. Retrograde intussusception is a very rare complication of PEG tubes with only 9 cases reported in the literature. We describe a case of retrograde intussusception, associated with the use of a Foley catheter as a replacement gastrostomy tube, ...
Xu Wei - - 2007
Intussusception of the ureter is a rare complication of some ureteral diseases. A 49-year-old man was found to have a ureteral intussusception in the middle part of the right ureter accompanied by a polyp below the invaginated segment of the ureter. Surgery confirmed the diagnostic imaging findings. Here, we present ...
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