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Kim Duk-Sung - - 2010
Small bowel injury resulting from unforeseen penetration of the anterior annulus fibrosus and longitudinal ligament is a rare complication of lumbar microdiscectomy. The patient complained of abdominal tenderness and distention immediately after microdiscectomy for L4-5 and L5-S1 disc herniation. Using abdominal computed tomography, we found several foci of air overlying ...
Aslam Muhammad Z - - 2010
We present a case of an 80-year-old woman with intermittent flank pain, who was found to have a ureteric valve causing significant hydronephroureterosis. We discuss the role of holmium laser in successfully ablating the lesion, and present a review of the literature.
Zorn M - - 2010
Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a frequent complication in patients with a progressive malignant disorder and represents a major interdisciplinary challenge in palliative care. Gastroenterology plays a pivotal role in the management of MBO. After appropriate diagnostic work-up, it is important to define treatment goals with the patient and his/her ...
Parikh Mitul - - 2010
Small bowel intussusception (SBI) in infants and children are ususally associated with a lead point. With increased use of radiological investigations, more idiopathic SBIs are identified. As reduction by hydrostatic or air enema are less successful in these cases, most of them require surgical exploration in children. However, now many ...
Rangwala Sophia - - 2010
Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS) is a rare acquired disorder characterized by diffuse macular hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa and, at times, longitudinal melanonychia. Although LHS is considered a benign disease with no systemic manifestations or malignant potential, it is important to rule out other mucocutaneous pigmentary disorders that do require medical ...
Talanow Roland - - 2010
This special issue of the Journal of Radiology Case Reports honors the reviewers who donated their time and expertise throughout the year 2010 to the high quality and success of this journal.
Reiser-Erkan Carolin - - 2010
Colonic intussusception is a rare congenital abnormality, mostly manifesting before the age of two with abdominal pain and acute intestinal obstruction with or without bleeding. In adults it may occur idiopathically or due to an intraluminal tumor mass. A 25-year-old man presented with an acute abdomen and severe crampy abdominal ...
Kim Juhyung - - 2010
Melanosis or pseudomelanosis of the gastrointestinal tract refers to an accumulation of pigment deposits in the gastrointestinal mucosa. Pigmentation can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract. Melanosis of the colon is not uncommon, but black pigmentation of the small intestine is extremely rare. We report a case of pseudomelanosis of the ...
Parra-Herran Carlos E - - 2010
Candida albicans produces intestinal perforation and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm newborns. We reviewed pathology files in neonates with a diagnosis of NEC (10-year period), gathered history, and reviewed histological materials. Of 249 autopsies, two (0.8%) had systemic candidiasis. From 66 surgical cases with a diagnosis of NEC, five cases ...
Millán I - - 2010
AA-type amyloidosis of the genitourinary tract is a rare phenomenon and few cases are described in the literature. We report a 42-year-old man with ankylosing spondylitis, who developed hematuria, bilateral hydronephrosis, and renal failure caused by AA amyloidosis.
Viswanathan Vijay - - 2010
A 6 year old female with symptoms of small bowel obstruction underwent an exploratory laparotomy which revealed widespread evidence of inflammatory fibrotic adhesions involving the jejunal mesentery. In view of persistent growth failure, chronic anaemia, elevated acute phase reactants and imaging evidence of a diffuse progressive inflammatory process, the child ...
Richir Milan - - 2010
Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder which leads to chronic inflammation of the gut. Furthermore, CD is associated with upper gastrointestinal malignancies, particularly lymphoma of the small intestine. Besides lymphoma, an increased frequency of associated small bowel carcinoma has been described. Here we report the case of a 70-year-old ...
Talanow Roland - - 2010
This special issue of the Journal of Radiology Case Reports honors the reviewers who donated their time and expertise throughout the year 2009 to the high quality and success of this journal.
Rahbour Goher - - 2010
We report a rare case of transverse colon volvulus in a fifteen year old boy with a review of the literature. This brings the total number of pediatric cases reported in the English literature to fifteen. This case is unusual in that no aetiological factor has been found, in contrast ...
Chiang James C S - - 2010
Anterior mediastinal mass is an uncommon pathology that presents significant anaesthetic challenges because of cardiopulmonary compromise. We present a case that presented in the third trimester of pregnancy with severe breathlessness, orthopnoea, and symptoms of superior vena cava obstruction. The patient had emergency Caesarean section under epidural anaesthesia with a ...
Vithayasai Niyada - - 2010
We report here three cases of severe strongyloidiasis in normal and immunocompromised hosts. The first was a patient with a normal immune system who presented with acute severe abdominal pain. The second and third patients were immunocompromised due to steroid and chemotherapy treatment of underlying diseases. Both presented with obstructive ...
Cruz Ruy J RJ - - 2010
Intestinal obstruction is a poorly recognized and probably underreported complication of strongyloidiasis. We present herein an unusual case, of complete duodenal obstruction caused by S. stercoralis. A systematic review of the literature examining the clinical course, diagnostic methods, and outcome of this rare complication of strongyloidiasis was performed. A 42-year-old ...
Shaw Darcy - - 2010
Intussusception is a rare but worrisome cause of bowel obstruction in patients following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. When intussusceptions is discovered in the general adult population, most often there is a "lead-point"; however, following bariatric procedures, this may not be true. There appears to be an increased incidence of this condition ...
Bayan Semirra - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of unilateral combined laryngocoele occurring in conjunction with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature concerning the physiology underlying laryngocoele formation. RESULTS: A laryngocoele is an abnormal, air-filled dilation of the laryngeal saccule which communicates with the laryngeal lumen. We report ...
McAllister Mark S - - 2009
Intussusception is an atypical cause of small bowel obstruction following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and, as such, is not often considered in the differential diagnosis. In this setting, the pathophysiology appears to differ in that a pathologic lead point is rarely identified and the intussusceptum most often progresses retrograde into the ...
Perpi??n David - - 2009
A 7-day-old gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) was found dead and postmortem examination revealed impaction of the ventriculus with feathers. A review of mortality in gentoo penguin chicks from 1997 to 2007 at that institution revealed another case of feather impaction of the ventriculus in a 4-week-old chick, a sibling of ...
Baur X - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tetrahydrothiophene (THT) is frequently used to odorize natural (city) gas. Only sparse data on adverse health effects of THT on humans are available. METHODS: We performed a literature search and clinical investigations including case history and cardiopulmonary diagnostic tests in two symptomatic THT-exposed outpatients. RESULTS: The two THT-exposed city ...
Johnson Claire - - 2009
This article provides a brief review of the history and origins of the Journal of Chiropractic Humanities. The reason for starting the journal, its purpose, and a timeline from 1991 to 2009 are offered.
Spaniolas Konstantinos - - 2010
Pica as an eating disorder is uncommonly associated with surgical complications. Paper as the consumed substance has been previously reported twice in the literature. We present a case of bowel obstruction and ischemia secondary to paper pica. The pathophysiology, histology, and characteristics of this entity are presented, and emphasis is ...
Brown Craig - - 2009
Fewer than 20 patients born with situs inversus and duodenal atresia have been reported in the literature. We present a patient with this condition. A newborn baby presented shortly after birth with persistent bilious vomiting. An abdominal radiograph showed a right-sided stomach bubble and a second bubble on the left ...
Shakya V C - - 2009
Postoperative idiopathic intussusception is considered to be a distinct entity, and has been reported following different operations. We present a 45-year-old female with postoperative ileoileal intussusception following a transverse loop colostomy for sigmoid volvulus, in which there was a kinked loop of bowel forming the lead point. The pathogenesis and ...
Lee Christopher H - - 2009
Myxedema coma is the most lethal manifestation of hypothyroidism. It is a true medical emergency and can result in profound hemodynamic instability and airway compromise. Myxedema coma currently remains a diagnostic challenge due to the rarity of cases seen today, and failure to promptly initiate therapy with replacement thyroid hormone ...
Mejido Diana C P - - 2009
There is little information available concerning trichobezoars in the non-human primate literature. We evaluated 118 cases of trichobezoar in baboons over a 29-year period at the Southwest National Primate Research Center. The anatomic locations affected in decreasing order were the stomach, small intestine, cecum, esophagus and colon. The most common ...
Maconi Giovanni - - 2009
Bowel sonography has become accepted as a useful tool in several gastrointestinal disorders. Filling of the gut with echo-poor liquids has been proposed to achieve a detailed evaluation of the bowel. This article refers to a review made concerning the benefits and limits of hydrosonography of the gastrointestinal tract. The ...
Machado Norman O - - 2009
Ileosigmoid knotting, also known as compound volvulus or double volvulus, is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. In this condition the ileum wraps around the base of the sigmoid colon and forms a knot. Ileosigmoid knotting is an unusual entity in the West, but is comparatively common in certain African, ...
Mehta Puja - - 2009
Trichobezoars are intraluminal accretions of ingested hair. The Rapunzel syndrome is a rare form of gastric trichobezoar, with extension into the small bowel, and may be complicated by obstruction, perforation or peritonitis. The majority of reported cases are from Asian countries. We describe the second case from England who, like ...
Wee B - - 2009
Clostridium difficile associated disease is an increasingly common cause of morbidity and mortality. Pseudomembranous colitis following hospital-administered antibiotic treatment is the most common symptomatic manifestation. Small bowel enteritis caused by C. difficile, however, is rarely described. Here, we present a series of four patients with hospital-acquired small bowel enteritis caused ...
Upchurch Bennie R - - 2009
Single-balloon enteroscopy has emerged as a viable alternative to double-balloon enteroscopy in the management of small bowel disease. Technically, it is easier to perform, may be more efficient, and in the limited literature available, seems to provide similar diagnostic and therapeutic yield when compared with double-balloon enteroscopy. This review provides ...
Ajayi A O - - 2009
Portal biliopathy (PB) is a term used to describe biliary ductal and gallbladder wall abnormalities seen in patients with portal hypertension. The pathogenesis of PB is not well known. It has been postulated that external pressure of portal cavernoma and/ or ischemia may play a role. We report a case ...
Banli O - - 2009
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastro-intestinal tract. It is generally asymptomatic. Occasionally, it may cause some complications such as bleeding, obstruction, diverticulitis and intussusception. We present a case of a 21-year-old female with intussusception due to inverted Meckel's diverticulum. Diagnosis and therapy of inverted Meckel's ...
Ahmad Ashraf - - 2009
According to the current understanding, duodenal atresia is considered to be a primary malformation resulting from the errors in recanalisation in early gestation. We report a rare case of duodenal atresia with apple-peel configuration of remaining small bowel with absent superior mesenteric artery in a preterm child, which indicates that ...
Hibbard Katharine R - - 2009
Constipation is an exceedingly common side effect of treatment with clozapine. In rare cases, this side effect has resulted in fatal complications. The authors review the literature on fatal complications of clozapine-related constipation and bowel obstruction. The authors provide two new case reports of patients who died of similar causes. ...
Abdullah Asif - - 2010
Small bowel obstruction (SBO) diagnosed with abdominal computed tomography (CT) has been extensively studied in radiology literature. We present a case report of SBO due to a rare right-sided paraduodenal hernia diagnosed preoperatively on a non-contrast CT and confirmed surgically.
Moreira-Pinto João - - 2009
Dieulafoy's lesions are rare and usually present in the stomach. There are only 18 cases of jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion reported. It can present as a massive gastrointestinal bleed and a high grade of suspicion is necessary for a quick and effective approach. The authors present the case of a 14-year-old ...
Mohyuddin Nadia - - 2009
The airway exchange catheter can be used both to ventilate the lungs and to act as a guide for reintubation in patients of all ages who have a tenuous airway. We report the case of a 2-year-old boy with an anatomically challenging airway in whom both an airway exchange catheter ...
Corporaal Sietske - - 2009
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory disease of the colon. Involvement of the small bowel is limited to backwash ileitis or pouch-related conditions. Here, we report two men with UC who presented with small bowel inflammation and even perforation, within 1 month after subtotal colectomy. Endoscopy showed diffuse enteritis. Histology ...
Jain Prashant - - 2009
Anterior urethral valves with associated urethral diverticulum is a rare but important cause of infravesical obstructive uropathy in children. This condition can be a cause of significant morbidity and can even lead to end-stage renal disease. This rare condition should be included in the differential diagnosis while evaluating male infants ...
D'Haeninck A - - 2009
Internal herniation, defined as a protrusion of the bowel through a peritoneal or mesenteric aperture into a compartment of the abdominal cavity, is a potentially serious complication following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. In view of the high risk of strangulation and volvulus with possible progression to necrotic bowel, sepsis and multiple ...
Erkan Alper Nabi - - 2009
Choanal polyps are solitary benign growths that can cause unilateral nasal obstruction. A frontochoanal polyp originates from the frontal sinus and extends to the nasopharynx. These lesions are rare and are usually diagnosed by endoscopic examination and computed tomography. A 20-year-old man presented with unilateral nasal obstruction and headache. Findings ...
Ruggeri G - - 2009
PURPOSE: Colonic atresia and stenosis are rare causes of intestinal obstruction in the infant. Only 1.8%-15% of intestinal atresias occur in the colon. Congenital colonic stenosis is even less common than colonic atresia. Only 10 cases have been reported in Literature since 1966 and only one late-onset case has been ...
Birkent Hakan - - 2009
Most of the nasal polyps arise from the lateral walls of the nasal cavity. Nasal polyps originating from the nasal septum with choanal extension are extremely rare. We report a case of large choanal polyp that arised from the posterosuperior aspect of the nasal septum, and extended down to the ...
Gómez-Puerta Luis A - - 2009
The presence of the cestode Bertiella mucronata (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) is described from the small intestine of two Titi monkeys Callicebus oenanthe, from the Indañe community in Moyobamba, Peru. Six additional cestodes were studied and identified as B. mucronata. This finding constitutes the first report of the cestode in Peru and ...
Lee Michael C - - 2009
Enterolith formation is a rare cause of afferent limb obstruction following Billroth II gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy surgery. A case of ascending cholangitis caused by an enterolith incarcerated in the afferent loop of a 15-year-old Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was emergently decompressed under direct ultrasound guidance prior to surgery. This is the ...
Kesarwani Vikas - - 2009
Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) results from mesenteric ischemia and a wide variety of other causes. The primary factors that favour the development of this pathologic entity are intestinal wall alterations, bowel distension, and sepsis. Findings of HPVG during an ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan should be carefully evaluated ...
Anatol Trevor I - - 2009
A review was conducted of neonates treated over a 7-year period for gastrointestinal tract perforation secondary to obstruction, for comparison with previous reports. Demographic and clinical characteristics, results of laboratory studies, underlying diagnoses, surgical treatment, and outcomes were studied. Only 1 of the 6 babies was premature. The underlying cause ...
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