Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 822
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De Caluwe D - - 1999
Primary cricopharyngeal achalasia (a = absence, chalasia = relaxation) is a rare cause of swallowing disorders in newborns. Two cases are reported which were successfully treated by a myotomy of the cricopharyngeal muscle. A thorough history is essential in differential diagnosis as well as observation of the feeding infant. Presence ...
Naing T - - 1999
The imaging appearances of three patients with a giant sigmoid diverticulum are described. The prominent feature was a large gaseous lucency noted in the lower abdomen on plain radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) was undertaken in two cases and in these a large gas filled collection was identified containing a small ...
Roeyen G - - 1999
Intussusception is an important cause of intestinal obstruction and bowel necrosis in infants under 2 years. Most frequently the ileocaecal junction is involved. Various aetiologic factors, such as Meckel's diverticulum and lymphoid hyperplasia have been identified. Hydrostatic reduction of the intussusception should be attempted, but delay in diagnosis frequently leads ...
Ouzidane L - - 1999
Bronchial atresia is a short and juxtahilar bronchus interruption. This uncommon malformation leads to an obstructive and systematized emphysema, often associated with mucoid impaction. The authors report the case of a 5-year-old boy and review the literature in order to recall the radiologic features of this affection, which are characterized ...
Schock J - - 1999
A 77-year old woman was seen with an unusual pathologic entity after emergent abdominal exploration--a ruptured small bowel diverticulum. This patient had a known previous history of colonic diverticulosis when she had acute onset of severe abdominal pain. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with resection of representative segments of ...
Foreman M J - - 1999
Two cases are presented which illustrate the disastrous consequences possible when an anaesthetic breathing circuit is obstructed by a foreign body. Despite reports of previous similar cases, work practices and equipment manufacture or design continue to allow for such events to occur. The importance of both pre-anaesthetic testing of the ...
Peters R - - 1999
Jejunal diverticula is rare and in most cases without any symptoms. They become clinically relevant when complications, such as diverticulitis, malabsorption caused by bacterial overgrowth, intestinal hemorrhage, or obstruction, occur. In this case report a case of perforated jejunal diverticulitis is presented and the problems in finding the correct diagnosis ...
De Smet L - - 1999
A case of a 66-year-old female patient with hyperlipaemia, corticosteroid osteoporosis and chronic obstructive lung disease with avascular necrosis of the proximal row of the carpus and hamate is described. No other sites of avascular bone necrosis were found. A proximal row carpectomy was performed with an excellent outcome.
Arney K L - - 1999
Airway obstruction due to presence of blood clot occurs in a variety of clinical settings; however, it is not always preceded by hemoptysis. The impact on respiratory function may be minimal or result in life-threatening ventilatory impairment. Three illustrative cases and a comprehensive literature review are presented. The presence of ...
Yoshida R - - 1999
A case of malignant hemangioendothelioma (MH) of the small intestine in a 27-year-old woman is reported herein. The patient developed acute abdominal symptoms during investigations for anemia, weight loss, anorexia, and recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. An emergency laparotomy revealed perforation of a jejunal tumor. The results of a histopathological study of ...
El-Dib N A - - 1999
Seven new cases of intestinal capillariasis were detected in Kasr El-Aini University Hospitals, Cairo, during the period from July 1997 to June 1998. A parasitological study concerning the morphological features of Capillaria philippinensis recovered from the stool of Egyptian cases was carried out. Eggs were separated, cultured and used to ...
Hazzan D - - 1998
Acquired diverticulae of the jejunum and ileum are uncommon and usually asymptomatic in most patients. Rarely they may cause intestinal obstruction, acute peritonitis due to perforation, or gastrointestinal hemorrhage. In most cases only a few diverticulae are present, and owing to their location diagnosis is often delayed. We herein report ...
Austin P F - - 1998
We present 2 cases of prenatal hydroureteronephrosis and bladder outlet obstruction due to an obstructing ureterocele. Both neonates were stabilized and managed with early endoscopic decompression. Neither infant demonstrated significant function in the kidney ipsilateral to the ureterocele either before or after ureterocele puncture. There have been few cases reported ...
Akgür F M - - 1998
Colonic atresia Hirschsprung's disease association (CAHDA) is usually diagnosed after several failures of intestinal anastomoses. Having previously reported one of the cases of CAHDA, we established the diagnosis in a patient before attempting intestinal anastomosis for stoma closure. We herein report the first patient with CAHDA in the literature diagnosed ...
López-Mut J V - - 1998
Jejunogastric intussusception is a rare complication of gastric surgery. We report a case in a 41-year-old woman subjected to gastrojejunostomy with truncal vagotomy 3 years before for pyloric stenosis. The jejunogastric intussusception was diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal series, ultrasonography, and computed tomography. Surgical management consisted of reduction and fixation. Treatment ...
Mittal S R - - 1998
Two cases of isolated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of right ventricle without any involvement of interventricular septum or left ventricle are reported. Two cases reported in literature are also reviewed. In these cases symptoms are those of left ventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Right ventricular dominance on clinical examination and electrocardiogram and inspiratory ...
Farrell M L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Tracheal neoplasms are extremely rare, representing only 0.2% of malignancies of the respiratory tract. A case of tracheal chondrosarcoma, with airway obstruction, seen in the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Cincinnati is presented. Review of the literature was undertaken, revealing 10 previously described ...
Popken G - - 1998
Ejaculatory duct obstructions are diagnosed in approximately 5% of azoospermic men and can be treated by transurethral resection (TURED) or incision of the ducts. Eight patients with azoospermia and ejaculatory duct obstructions were treated by TURED after clinical examination, semen analysis, biochemical analysis of seminal plasma, endocrine analysis, transrectal ultrasonography ...
Hanquinet S - - 1998
In two similar cases of irreducible intussusception with wall necrosis and perforation, symptoms had begun 24 h before admission and the plain radiographs showed signs of small-bowel obstruction. The sonographic (US) appearances, however, were different: color Doppler (CD) US showed vascular flow in the intussuscepted bowel in one case and ...
Astor F C - - 1998
Vasculitis can involve the larynx in 4% to 10% of cases and can cause arthritis, edema, or upper airway obstruction within the larynx. Since most of these laryngeal manifestations are nonspecific, the clinician needs to keep a high index of suspicion when a patient complains of hoarseness or laryngeal discomfort ...
Miyakoshi K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: We report a case of congenital small-bowel torsion detected by prenatal ultrasonographic examination. CASE: A 27-year-old primigravida was found to have a fetus with a small-bowel obstruction by ultrasound examination during the third trimester. At 35 weeks of gestation, she complained of absence of fetal activity. A nonstress test ...
Horiuchi A - - 1998
We report three cases of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) occurring in association with post-surgical bowel anastomosis. A 74-year-old man, a 58-year-old woman, and a 62-year-old woman were found to have PCI at the colonic side of a bowel anastomosis at 4 years, 3 years and 1 year after operation, respectively, ...
Beer E - - 1998
A case of Vipera aspis bite followed by severe envenomation, shock, neurotoxic symptoms, myoglobinuria and coagulation disorders with thrombosis of the iliac vessels and intestinal infarction is described. A right hemicolectomy had to be performed. Treatment is described in detail. European adder bites may cause, although uncommonly, severe envenoming with ...
Ramseyer L - - 1998
In cases of suspected small bowel obstruction, CT may confirm the diagnosis and demonstrate the cause of obstruction, preventing a delay in surgical treatment. This article reviews several recent cases which demonstrate the utility of CT in this clinical scenario. Also, a review of literature suggests that CT may have ...
Sasaki M - - 1998
We report a case of haemangioma of the small intestine complicated by protein-losing gastroenteropathy. A 32-year-old female had suffered from hypoproteinaemia for 6 years, but the cause of this condition had not been determined. On diagnosis and therapy for hypoproteinaemia, intra-operative endoscopy and histological examination were performed and she was ...
Anis M H - - 1998
Intestinal capillariasis in humans is caused by a nematode- Capillaria philippinensis, which infects small fresh water or brackish fish and some fish eating birds. It has occurred in areas where people eat raw fish such as the Philippines and Thailand. This paper reports a case of a women with intestinal ...
Baako B N - - 1998
We report a case of Bouveret's Syndrome (gastric outlet obstruction by gallstone) and gallstone emesis, both of which are very rare, in a 77-year old Ghanaian woman. Diagnosis depends on high index of suspicion and confirmation with endoscopy. Definitive treatment consist of enterotomy plus stone retrieval with primary excision of ...
Morris-Stiff G - - 1998
Gastroschisis is an uncommon condition which is now being detected at an earlier stage due to the use of routine antenatal ultrasound scanning. The presence of intestinal atresia secondary to impairment of the vascular supply is well recognised and is associated with a poorer outcome because of the potential for ...
Deeb L S - - 1998
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, or abdominal cocoon, is a relatively rare cause of intestinal obstruction, described mostly in young adolescent girls. It is characterized by a thick fibrotic peritoneum that wraps the bowel in a concertinalike fashion with some adhesions. Because of its peculiar characteristics, this condition presents many difficulties in ...
Tajima H - - 1998
Endobronchial hamartomas are only rarely encountered. They cause irreversible lung damage due to bronchial obstruction if not diagnosed early and treated properly. Among the various treatments for this rare disease, a surgical resection remains the most popular. We herein report a case of a 53-year-old man presenting with an endobronchial ...
Nakamura S - - 1998
A 65-year-old Japanese male consulted Ozuchi Prefectural Hospital (Iwate, Japan) on 19 January 1994 complaining of weight loss. Cecal mucosal biopsy material, which was stained with hematoxylin-eosin revealed a thick, basophilic fuzzy fringe covering the surface epithelium. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy observations demonstrated the presence of slightly wavy spirochaetes ...
Camps J I - - 1998
This is a review of a child who developed symptomatic anemia secondary to a huge Meckel's Diverticulum (MD). The patient presented with multiple complications, such as: neoplasia, occult chronic bleeding, giant size MD, partial intestinal obstruction and severe symptomatic anemia. There was complete resolution of the condition after resection and ...
Mair T S - - 1997
The clinical features of 106 horses presenting with chronic colic examined over a 5 year period were reviewed. Chronic colic was defined as colic signs observed daily for 3 days or longer, except when masked by analgesics. The diagnosed causes of chronic colic included colonic impaction (31%), peritonitis (16%), enteritis/colitis ...
Dunlop S P - - 1997
We report a case of achalasia presenting as acute stridor and respiratory distress in an 87-year-old woman. A mega-oesophagus was decompressed by aspiration through a naso-oesophageal tube, stiffened with paediatric endoscopic biopsy forceps before placement. Subsequent barium swallow showed mega-oesophagus secondary to achalasia causing tracheal compression at the level of ...
O'Flaherty L - - 1997
Intestinal uptake of dietary taurine is an important contributor to taurine homeostasis and may become crucial when taurine metabolism is impaired. This review aims to assess the literature documenting taurine transport and review what is currently known about the operation of the enterocyte taurine transport protein. Sources included MedLine searches ...
Cox D E - - 1997
This paper describes two cases of small intestinal intussusception, one in a child and one in an adult, where the findings at autopsy were atypical. The significance of intussusception in this situation is discussed and the literature related to deaths accompanied by acute small intestinal intussusception in the adult and ...
Kuwajerwala N K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Involvement of mesenteric vessels in intestinal tuberculosis and its role in the pathogenesis of the intestinal changes have not been studied histologically. AIM: To study mesenteric vessels in patients undergoing surgery for complications of intestinal tuberculosis. METHODS: Resected intestinal specimens from 68 patients presenting with intestinal perforation and intestinal ...
Verbeke J - - 1997
A case of ischemic jejunitis caused by primary small bowel volvulus is presented. The radiological signs of ischemia persisted after detorsion. Contrast examinations of the small intestine demonstrated severe jejunitis with ulcerations, segmental narrowing and fistulas. This last sign is a rather uncommon event in ischemic disorders. The radiological signs ...
Parkes G - - 1997
Primary small bowel volvulus is the commonest cause of intestinal obstruction in the Gorkha district of Nepal resulting in laparotomy. Yet, this problem is mentioned only briefly, if at all, in many standard textbooks of surgery. This paper presents details of the presentation, clinical findings, and surgical management of 18 ...
Leone J P - - 1997
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a disease entity rarely encountered by the general surgeon. In most cases, ureteral stricture is the underlying problem requiring lysis of fibrotic adhesions. However, infrequently, the gastrointestinal tract may become involved. The following report describes the complications of intestinal obstruction by RPF in one of ...
Sharma K K - - 1997
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a common, specific, and well-understood entity in the pediatric age group. Prepyloric webs and diaphragms are the other rare causes of gastric outlet obstruction followed by still rarer causes, eg, pyloric stenosis secondary to acid peptic disease. The present report describes a newer, nonspecific, clinical ...
Weng P K - - 1997
Angioedema is a rare but potentially lethal adverse effect when associated with upper airway obstruction. Sporadic cases of angioedema secondary to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) have been reported in the literature. The overall incidence is around 0.1% to 0.2%, and the time of onset is usually during the first ...
Kralovich K A - - 1997
Presented is what is believed to be the first reported case of a defunctionalized limb of small intestine serving as a reservoir for Clostridium difficile. Because of the altered intestinal continuity, the ensuing enteritis and colitis failed to respond to nonoperative management. Current treatment strategies are reviewed. Surgical intervention, including ...
Chase C W - - 1997
A traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the suprarenal abdominal aorta was diagnosed in a 58-year-old man 32 years after he received a gunshot wound to the abdomen. Epigastric pain and obstructive jaundice were the presenting symptoms. Repair was performed by intraluminal polytetrafluoroethylene patch aortoplasty with resolution of the biliary obstruction. The literature ...
Vukasin P - - 1997
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to report an adverse outcome of the routine use of Fleets Phospho-Soda for bowel cleansing and to review the available literature. METHOD: Report of a case and review of the literature is presented. RESULT: Administration of Fleets Phospho-Soda for bowel preparation in an adult resulted ...
Watson P J - - 1997
A 21-month-old German shepherd crossbreed presented with a nine-month history of intermittent vomiting, anorexia and melaena interspersed with periods of clinical normality. Investigations suggested recurrent pancreatitis and the vomiting resolved with supportive therapy but recurred two weeks later. Abdominal radiographs revealed evidence of an intermittent abdominal mass which, on ultrasonography, ...
Cross D L - - 1997
We present a case of fulminant ulcerative colitis with associated extraintestinal manifestations, including upper airway obstruction from acute laryngotracheitis. Review of the literature shows few other cases of airway obstruction in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Aggressive medical management of the underlying inflammatory bowel disease may facilitate a conservative approach to ...
Chung C C CC Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong - - 1997
A 41-year-old woman, who presented with acute onset of generalized peritonitis, was found to have a segment of strangulated small bowel incarcerated in the lesser peritoneal sac through the foramen of Winslow. The strangulated small bowel was reduced and resected. The predisposing factors for this condition as mentioned in the ...
Fine A - - 1997
Two cases of severe hyperphosphatemia following phosphate bowel preparation are described and a review of the literature is presented. Impairment of renal function appears to be a risk factor in those patients without primary bowel pathology. One of our patients died, and the mortality rate combining our cases with all ...
Ongena K - - 1997
An uncommon case of pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis, related to small bowel diverticulosis is presented. Pneumoperitoneum is usually a life-threatening incident, most frequently attributed to a perforated viscus and generally requiring emergency surgery. Non surgical pneumoperitoneum, however, is known to be caused by a variety of pathological and non pathological entities. ...
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