Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 809
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Akgür F M - - 1998
Colonic atresia Hirschsprung's disease association (CAHDA) is usually diagnosed after several failures of intestinal anastomoses. Having previously reported one of the cases of CAHDA, we established the diagnosis in a patient before attempting intestinal anastomosis for stoma closure. We herein report the first patient with CAHDA in the literature diagnosed ...
López-Mut J V - - 1998
Jejunogastric intussusception is a rare complication of gastric surgery. We report a case in a 41-year-old woman subjected to gastrojejunostomy with truncal vagotomy 3 years before for pyloric stenosis. The jejunogastric intussusception was diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal series, ultrasonography, and computed tomography. Surgical management consisted of reduction and fixation. Treatment ...
Mittal S R - - 1998
Two cases of isolated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of right ventricle without any involvement of interventricular septum or left ventricle are reported. Two cases reported in literature are also reviewed. In these cases symptoms are those of left ventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Right ventricular dominance on clinical examination and electrocardiogram and inspiratory ...
Farrell M L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Tracheal neoplasms are extremely rare, representing only 0.2% of malignancies of the respiratory tract. A case of tracheal chondrosarcoma, with airway obstruction, seen in the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Cincinnati is presented. Review of the literature was undertaken, revealing 10 previously described ...
Popken G - - 1998
Ejaculatory duct obstructions are diagnosed in approximately 5% of azoospermic men and can be treated by transurethral resection (TURED) or incision of the ducts. Eight patients with azoospermia and ejaculatory duct obstructions were treated by TURED after clinical examination, semen analysis, biochemical analysis of seminal plasma, endocrine analysis, transrectal ultrasonography ...
Hanquinet S - - 1998
In two similar cases of irreducible intussusception with wall necrosis and perforation, symptoms had begun 24 h before admission and the plain radiographs showed signs of small-bowel obstruction. The sonographic (US) appearances, however, were different: color Doppler (CD) US showed vascular flow in the intussuscepted bowel in one case and ...
Astor F C - - 1998
Vasculitis can involve the larynx in 4% to 10% of cases and can cause arthritis, edema, or upper airway obstruction within the larynx. Since most of these laryngeal manifestations are nonspecific, the clinician needs to keep a high index of suspicion when a patient complains of hoarseness or laryngeal discomfort ...
Miyakoshi K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: We report a case of congenital small-bowel torsion detected by prenatal ultrasonographic examination. CASE: A 27-year-old primigravida was found to have a fetus with a small-bowel obstruction by ultrasound examination during the third trimester. At 35 weeks of gestation, she complained of absence of fetal activity. A nonstress test ...
Horiuchi A - - 1998
We report three cases of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) occurring in association with post-surgical bowel anastomosis. A 74-year-old man, a 58-year-old woman, and a 62-year-old woman were found to have PCI at the colonic side of a bowel anastomosis at 4 years, 3 years and 1 year after operation, respectively, ...
Beer E - - 1998
A case of Vipera aspis bite followed by severe envenomation, shock, neurotoxic symptoms, myoglobinuria and coagulation disorders with thrombosis of the iliac vessels and intestinal infarction is described. A right hemicolectomy had to be performed. Treatment is described in detail. European adder bites may cause, although uncommonly, severe envenoming with ...
Ramseyer L - - 1998
In cases of suspected small bowel obstruction, CT may confirm the diagnosis and demonstrate the cause of obstruction, preventing a delay in surgical treatment. This article reviews several recent cases which demonstrate the utility of CT in this clinical scenario. Also, a review of literature suggests that CT may have ...
Sasaki M - - 1998
We report a case of haemangioma of the small intestine complicated by protein-losing gastroenteropathy. A 32-year-old female had suffered from hypoproteinaemia for 6 years, but the cause of this condition had not been determined. On diagnosis and therapy for hypoproteinaemia, intra-operative endoscopy and histological examination were performed and she was ...
Anis M H - - 1998
Intestinal capillariasis in humans is caused by a nematode- Capillaria philippinensis, which infects small fresh water or brackish fish and some fish eating birds. It has occurred in areas where people eat raw fish such as the Philippines and Thailand. This paper reports a case of a women with intestinal ...
Baako B N - - 1998
We report a case of Bouveret's Syndrome (gastric outlet obstruction by gallstone) and gallstone emesis, both of which are very rare, in a 77-year old Ghanaian woman. Diagnosis depends on high index of suspicion and confirmation with endoscopy. Definitive treatment consist of enterotomy plus stone retrieval with primary excision of ...
Morris-Stiff G - - 1998
Gastroschisis is an uncommon condition which is now being detected at an earlier stage due to the use of routine antenatal ultrasound scanning. The presence of intestinal atresia secondary to impairment of the vascular supply is well recognised and is associated with a poorer outcome because of the potential for ...
Deeb L S - - 1998
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, or abdominal cocoon, is a relatively rare cause of intestinal obstruction, described mostly in young adolescent girls. It is characterized by a thick fibrotic peritoneum that wraps the bowel in a concertinalike fashion with some adhesions. Because of its peculiar characteristics, this condition presents many difficulties in ...
Tajima H - - 1998
Endobronchial hamartomas are only rarely encountered. They cause irreversible lung damage due to bronchial obstruction if not diagnosed early and treated properly. Among the various treatments for this rare disease, a surgical resection remains the most popular. We herein report a case of a 53-year-old man presenting with an endobronchial ...
Nakamura S - - 1998
A 65-year-old Japanese male consulted Ozuchi Prefectural Hospital (Iwate, Japan) on 19 January 1994 complaining of weight loss. Cecal mucosal biopsy material, which was stained with hematoxylin-eosin revealed a thick, basophilic fuzzy fringe covering the surface epithelium. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy observations demonstrated the presence of slightly wavy spirochaetes ...
Camps J I - - 1998
This is a review of a child who developed symptomatic anemia secondary to a huge Meckel's Diverticulum (MD). The patient presented with multiple complications, such as: neoplasia, occult chronic bleeding, giant size MD, partial intestinal obstruction and severe symptomatic anemia. There was complete resolution of the condition after resection and ...
Mair T S - - 1997
The clinical features of 106 horses presenting with chronic colic examined over a 5 year period were reviewed. Chronic colic was defined as colic signs observed daily for 3 days or longer, except when masked by analgesics. The diagnosed causes of chronic colic included colonic impaction (31%), peritonitis (16%), enteritis/colitis ...
Dunlop S P - - 1997
We report a case of achalasia presenting as acute stridor and respiratory distress in an 87-year-old woman. A mega-oesophagus was decompressed by aspiration through a naso-oesophageal tube, stiffened with paediatric endoscopic biopsy forceps before placement. Subsequent barium swallow showed mega-oesophagus secondary to achalasia causing tracheal compression at the level of ...
O'Flaherty L - - 1997
Intestinal uptake of dietary taurine is an important contributor to taurine homeostasis and may become crucial when taurine metabolism is impaired. This review aims to assess the literature documenting taurine transport and review what is currently known about the operation of the enterocyte taurine transport protein. Sources included MedLine searches ...
Cox D E - - 1997
This paper describes two cases of small intestinal intussusception, one in a child and one in an adult, where the findings at autopsy were atypical. The significance of intussusception in this situation is discussed and the literature related to deaths accompanied by acute small intestinal intussusception in the adult and ...
Kuwajerwala N K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Involvement of mesenteric vessels in intestinal tuberculosis and its role in the pathogenesis of the intestinal changes have not been studied histologically. AIM: To study mesenteric vessels in patients undergoing surgery for complications of intestinal tuberculosis. METHODS: Resected intestinal specimens from 68 patients presenting with intestinal perforation and intestinal ...
Verbeke J - - 1997
A case of ischemic jejunitis caused by primary small bowel volvulus is presented. The radiological signs of ischemia persisted after detorsion. Contrast examinations of the small intestine demonstrated severe jejunitis with ulcerations, segmental narrowing and fistulas. This last sign is a rather uncommon event in ischemic disorders. The radiological signs ...
Parkes G - - 1997
Primary small bowel volvulus is the commonest cause of intestinal obstruction in the Gorkha district of Nepal resulting in laparotomy. Yet, this problem is mentioned only briefly, if at all, in many standard textbooks of surgery. This paper presents details of the presentation, clinical findings, and surgical management of 18 ...
Leone J P - - 1997
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a disease entity rarely encountered by the general surgeon. In most cases, ureteral stricture is the underlying problem requiring lysis of fibrotic adhesions. However, infrequently, the gastrointestinal tract may become involved. The following report describes the complications of intestinal obstruction by RPF in one of ...
Sharma K K - - 1997
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a common, specific, and well-understood entity in the pediatric age group. Prepyloric webs and diaphragms are the other rare causes of gastric outlet obstruction followed by still rarer causes, eg, pyloric stenosis secondary to acid peptic disease. The present report describes a newer, nonspecific, clinical ...
Weng P K - - 1997
Angioedema is a rare but potentially lethal adverse effect when associated with upper airway obstruction. Sporadic cases of angioedema secondary to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) have been reported in the literature. The overall incidence is around 0.1% to 0.2%, and the time of onset is usually during the first ...
Kralovich K A - - 1997
Presented is what is believed to be the first reported case of a defunctionalized limb of small intestine serving as a reservoir for Clostridium difficile. Because of the altered intestinal continuity, the ensuing enteritis and colitis failed to respond to nonoperative management. Current treatment strategies are reviewed. Surgical intervention, including ...
Chase C W - - 1997
A traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the suprarenal abdominal aorta was diagnosed in a 58-year-old man 32 years after he received a gunshot wound to the abdomen. Epigastric pain and obstructive jaundice were the presenting symptoms. Repair was performed by intraluminal polytetrafluoroethylene patch aortoplasty with resolution of the biliary obstruction. The literature ...
Vukasin P - - 1997
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to report an adverse outcome of the routine use of Fleets Phospho-Soda for bowel cleansing and to review the available literature. METHOD: Report of a case and review of the literature is presented. RESULT: Administration of Fleets Phospho-Soda for bowel preparation in an adult resulted ...
Watson P J - - 1997
A 21-month-old German shepherd crossbreed presented with a nine-month history of intermittent vomiting, anorexia and melaena interspersed with periods of clinical normality. Investigations suggested recurrent pancreatitis and the vomiting resolved with supportive therapy but recurred two weeks later. Abdominal radiographs revealed evidence of an intermittent abdominal mass which, on ultrasonography, ...
Cross D L - - 1997
We present a case of fulminant ulcerative colitis with associated extraintestinal manifestations, including upper airway obstruction from acute laryngotracheitis. Review of the literature shows few other cases of airway obstruction in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Aggressive medical management of the underlying inflammatory bowel disease may facilitate a conservative approach to ...
Chung C C CC Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong - - 1997
A 41-year-old woman, who presented with acute onset of generalized peritonitis, was found to have a segment of strangulated small bowel incarcerated in the lesser peritoneal sac through the foramen of Winslow. The strangulated small bowel was reduced and resected. The predisposing factors for this condition as mentioned in the ...
Fine A - - 1997
Two cases of severe hyperphosphatemia following phosphate bowel preparation are described and a review of the literature is presented. Impairment of renal function appears to be a risk factor in those patients without primary bowel pathology. One of our patients died, and the mortality rate combining our cases with all ...
Ongena K - - 1997
An uncommon case of pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis, related to small bowel diverticulosis is presented. Pneumoperitoneum is usually a life-threatening incident, most frequently attributed to a perforated viscus and generally requiring emergency surgery. Non surgical pneumoperitoneum, however, is known to be caused by a variety of pathological and non pathological entities. ...
Urakami S - - 1997
Urethral caruncle is one of the benign disorders which occurs frequently after the menopause. We describe a case of urethral caruncle with intestinal heterotopia, in which infiltration by lymphocytes, invagination of the urethral transitional epithelium causing nest formation, lumen formation, hypervascularity as well as teleangiectasia were observed, suggesting the occurrence ...
Papp J P JP - - 1996
Cryptosporidial oocyst infection is a common cause of diarrhea in patients with AIDS. Concomitant symptoms can include crampy abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and anorexia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy is then useful for delineating potentially treatable pathogens. We report a case of cryptosporidial duodenitis with characteristic endoscopic findings, biopsy correlate, and a review of ...
Cicchinelli M - - 1996
The authors report the case of an 85-year-old woman with rapidly progressive occlusive vascular disease of the small intestine confirmed at autopsy, and with malabsorption syndrome highlighted by radiological and laboratory tests. The interest of this case is the confirmation that vascular enteropathy, whether occlusive or not, may damage the ...
Zuazua J S - - 1996
A case of obstructive sialadenitis caused by deposits of gold salt compound in the intraparotid lymphoid tissues in a woman with classic rheumatoid arthritis is presented. The patient had been treated with a parenteral gold salt compound (sodium aurothiomalate) for 10 years with chrysotherapy balance of 7525 mg. She presented ...
Moriura S - - 1996
A case of jaundice due to obstruction of Roux en Y-limb following hepatectomy for a hilar cholangiocarcinoma is presented. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage improved the jaundice but promoted disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. Our limited experience suggested that afferent loops should be drained directly to prevent reflux of enteric contents into the ...
Choi Y H - - 1996
A case of "wandering spleen" associated with recurrent pancreatitis and diagnosed with computed tomography (CT), is reported. The entity was also associated with a rotated, distended stomach, gastric outlet obstruction secondary to extrinsic compression of the duodenum, and partial small bowel obstruction secondary to extrinsic compression of a mobile, distended ...
Davies J B - - 1996
Gallstone ileus remains a rare but important cause of small bowel obstruction. We report a case of recurrent gallstone ileus, presumably caused by an unidentified second stone resident within the gallbladder at the time of the initial laparotomy. This raises important questions about the traditional surgical management of this interesting ...
Blake M P - - 1996
The whirl sign has been described as a computed tomography (CT) finding of volvulus of the gut. Six cases are presented with a range of clinical diagnoses (a volvulus, adhesive obstruction with volvulus and previous left hemicolectomy, adhesions alone, transverse colectomy, and right hemicolectomy). All demonstrated a whirl sign. A ...
Myers S I - - 1996
Chronic mesenteric ischemia caused by thrombosis of large visceral arteries due to cocaine abuse are reported in two young women. Both cases were managed successfully with visceral revascularization.
Buchman A L - - 1996
We report a case of eosinophilic enteritis associated with an ill-defined connective tissue disorder. The case was complicated by intestinal perforation and managed successfully without surgical intervention. No peripheral blood eosinophilia was present. Histologic examination of an intestinal biopsy revealed bands of eosinophils and mast cells at the base of ...
McDonagh T - - 1996
Paraduodenal hernia is a rare congenital internal hernia which arises from an error of rotation of the midgut with entrapment of the small intestine beneath the developing colon. It is important as it usually presents as intestinal obstruction, and before laparotomy is often misdiagnosed. Mortality increases significantly with delays in ...
Tatekawa Y - - 1996
We report herein the rare case of a 26-year-old woman who developed a small-bowel obstruction caused by a medication "bezoar" or enterolith, following the long-term ingestion of magnesium oxide cathartics for constipation. Medication bezoars resulting from laxatives or cathartics have rarely been reported and we were only able to find ...
Canbolat A - - 1996
Ventriculo-cisternostomy is an established procedure for the treatment of noncommunicating hydrocephalus, if the underlying pathology cannot be removed. In cases in which the foramina of Monro and the proximal part of the third ventricle are obstructed, it is not possible to make a communication between the internal and external CSF-spaces ...
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