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Yue Dominic D Luton and Dunstable Hospital, Luton, - - 2013
Background. Tendo-Achilles (TA) rupture is the most commonly ruptured tendon in the lower limb despite being one of the toughest tendons. Typically, it occurs unilaterally in middle-aged individuals who participate in strenuous activity. Spontaneous ruptures without any risk factors predisposing the patient is uncommon and for it to occur bilaterally ...
Kahler Bill B University of Queensland School of Dentistry, Brisbane, Australia; Kingston Oral Health Centre, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent reviews lament the lack of evidence on the efficacy of regenerative procedures to induce further root maturation despite claims of a paradigm shift in the way infected, necrotic immature teeth with arrested root development can be endodontically treated. The majority of reports are either case series or successful case ...
Chan Chen - - 2013
The appropriate management of hematology patients depends first on correct diagnoses. Expert review is important in reaching accurate diagnoses. To improve diagnostic accuracy, the Taiwan Society of Pathology and the Taiwan Division of the International Academy of Pathology has been conducting an expert consultation program for general pathologists since 2001. ...
Sherwin Gene B GB Department of Cariology and Comprehensive Care, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Cigarette smoking has been associated with tooth loss from periodontal disease for a long time. Smoking cessation has been shown to reverse these effects. The purpose of this paper is to review the current literature regarding the possible mechanisms for destruction of the periodontium caused by smoking and to present ...
Vorasubin Nopawan - - 2013
Methadone, a long-acting opiate agonist, and naltrexone, an opiate receptor antagonist, are both commonly used to treat patients with morphine and heroin addiction. We present a rare case of methadone-induced persistent bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) after chronic naltrexone use and review opioid-induced hearing loss in the literature. Methadone-induced hearing ...
Radler Christof - - 2013
The Ponseti method has become the gold standard of care for the treatment of congenital club foot. Despite numerous articles in MEDLINE reporting results from around the globe there are still crucial details of the Ponseti method which seem to be less commonly known or considered. The Ponseti method is ...
Vieweg W Victor R - - 2013
We reviewed the literature and found 31 adult cases and 1 newborn case of methadone-associated QTc interval prolongation and/or torsade de pointes (TdP). Parametric statistics may not be useful in studying this issue because methadone-associated TdP is a very rare event and, hence, "an extreme outlier" consistent with scalable randomness. ...
Zhu Hainan - - 2013
Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) is a new dimension in reconstructive surgery. Generally, these procedures are offered for quality of life and functional indications rather than life-saving indications. Controversy exists, therefore, over the indications and risk/benefit ratios of VCA. Transplantation failure is a basic measurable risk of VCA. In this report ...
O Keeffe Margaret M - - 2013
The surrogate indicator of radiological excellence that has become accepted is consistency of assessments between radiologists, and the technique that has become the standard for evaluating concordance is peer review. This study describes the results of a workstation-integrated peer review program in a busy outpatient radiology practice. Workstation-based peer review ...
Bell Margret E - - 2013
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victims often report feeling confused and uninformed about court proceedings, including even about the final disposition of the case against their partner. This is problematic because victims' decisions in responding to subsequent abuse may be significantly influenced by their beliefs about the outcomes of prior court ...
Notley Caitlin - - 2013
Background/Aim: To inform understanding of the experience of long-term opiate maintenance and identify barriers to recovery. Methods: A qualitative systematic review. Results: 14 studies in 17 papers, mainly from the USA (65%), met inclusion criteria, involving 1,088 participants. Studies focused on methadone prescribing. Participants reported stability; however, many disliked methadone. ...
- - 2013
Acrolein is an aquatic herbicide used in the western United States to prevent impaired water flow in irrigation canals. Despite its toxicity, few cases of acrolein-related illness have been reported in the literature. On August 15, 2012, an irrigation district notified the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries (L&I) ...
Willhelm Christiane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of up-to-date, systematic reviews that critically assess the role and potential limitations of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and systematic reviews in neonatology. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review of all Cochrane reviews published between 1996 and 2010 by the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group (CNRG). Main ...
Hudson Lee D - - 2013
In most high-income countries, fewer children now acquire meningitis, and many of those who do will survive. Globally, however, meningitis still remains a significant cause of child morbidity and mortality. In this article, the authors review recent evidence on the morbidity faced by childhood survivors of bacterial meningitis. Outcomes vary ...
Kana A - - 2013
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and review the literature concerning natal and neonatal teeth. The literature search was conducted using several databases. Specific terms were used in the search, which includes articles from 1950 to 2011, supplementary searching by hand was also used. Relevant studies were ...
Corliss Robert F - - 2013
Methadone continues to be a widely used maintenance therapy for opiate dependence. However, methadone-related deaths have been reported frequently for over 4 decades now. Anoxic brain injury with pulmonary edema secondary to respiratory depression is the recognized mechanism of methadone death, although pathological intracranial findings are rarely described in methadone ...
Gallo Stephen A - - 2013
Teleconferencing as a setting for scientific peer review is an attractive option for funding agencies, given the substantial environmental and cost savings. Despite this, there is a paucity of published data validating teleconference-based peer review compared to the face-to-face process. Our aim was to conduct a retrospective analysis of scientific ...
Glezer Anna A Program in Psychiatry and Law, PLP-0984, University of California San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143. - - 2013
Being transgendered, described as feeling that one is of the opposite gender, can be a difficult experience in today's culture. Those who are transgendered and incarcerated experience much more stress. There is a significant population of transgendered individuals in today's prison system, with estimates suggesting that the number is higher ...
Fernandes Fernanda Dreux Miranda - - 2013
Systematic literature review about Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) proposals directed towards persons with Autistic Spectrum Disorders aiming to contribute to a truly evidence-based practice. References from the last five years were obtained from the Web of Science, Medline, SciELO and Lilacs databases. Papers published in peer-reviewed journals were selected. Exclusion ...
Livas Christos C Department of Orthodontics, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2013
Artificial abrasion of interproximal surfaces has been described for almost seventy years as orthodontic intervention for achievement and maintenance of ideal treatment outcome. A variety of terms and approaches have been introduced throughout this period implying a growing clinicians' interest. Nevertheless, the widespread recognition of enamel stripping technique was initiated ...
Hamilton David A DA - - 2012
Bilateral asymmetric hip dislocation, with one hip dislocated posteriorly and with anterior dislocation of the contralateral hip, is a rare injury pattern. A total of 34 cases have been reported in English literature, but only 24 cases detail injury mechanism and patient demographic factors, 3 of which reported bilateral asymmetric ...
Brathwaite Dick Olivia - - 2012
Dengue is a viral disease usually transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Dengue outbreaks in the Americas reported in medical literature and to the Pan American Health Organization are described. The outbreak history from 1600 to 2010 was categorized into four phases: Introduction of dengue in the Americas (1600-1946); Continental plan ...
Moja Lorenzo - - 2012
ABTRACT: BACKGROUND: The process of systematically reviewing research evidence is useful for collecting, assessing and summarizing results from multiple studies planned to answer the same clinical question. The term "systematic" implies that the process, besides being organized and complete, is transparent and fully reported to allow other independent researchers to ...
Wu Francis Fu-Sheng - - 2012
We determined the incidence of percutaneous (needlestick and sharps) injuries among emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in one county in Taiwan, compared this with the official reporting rate, and sought reasons for non-reporting. An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to all EMTs in that county, eliciting percutaneous injuries occurrences, reasons why, and ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2012
Spinal cord injury is a complex result of primary mechanical damage and the secondary vascular compromise and inflammatory reactions. Depending on timing, different treatment modalities may have various effects. We review the latest advances in terms of non-pharmacological experimental treatments.
Owers Corinne - - 2012
Over the last century sporadic reports have described intra-abdominal injury without penetration of the abdominal cavity but the underlying mechanism of energy transfer appears variable. This article reviews the 19 documented cases of this phenomenon and discusses the mechanism of energy transfer in both primary blast injury and ballistic injury ...
Fagin Alice - - 2012
The purpose of this report is to describe the clinical course of a 12% TBSA burn injury with takotsubo cardiomyopathy and to discuss this lesser known diagnosis. The authors performed a case study with chart review and literature search. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by severe left ventricular dysfunction that is ...
Iqbal Shahed - - 2012
Objectives. We conducted a systematic literature review to better understand aspects of disaster-related carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning surveillance and determine potentially effective prevention strategies. Methods. This review included information from 28 journal articles on disaster-related CO poisoning cases occurring between 1991 and 2009 in the United States. Results. We identified ...
Sagransky Matthew J - - 2012
BACKGROUND Pachydermodactyly is a rare, benign, acquired form of digital fibromatosis. The etiology of pachydermodactyly is unknown but is believed to be due to repeated mechanical injury of the skin. We report 2 cases identified in poultry processing workers and review other conditions associated with these cutaneous findings. OBSERVATIONS The ...
Coppi Giovanni - - 2012
Blunt aortic injury (BAI) involving an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is uncommon. The presence of an ARSA entails several treatment issues, in particular regarding the risk of perioperative posterior cerebral stroke. We report the case of a man with an ARSA who suffered from BAI. An initial conservative treatment ...
Rangdal Sushil S - - 2012
A very rare and serious complication of shoulder dislocation is a lesion to the axillary artery in the elderly population, whose vascular structures have become less flexible. Axillary artery injury secondary to anteroinferior shoulder dislocation is much rarer, especially in the young people. Proper recognition and treatment of this entity ...
Sobhani S - - 2012
Studies regarding ankle and foot overuse injuries are quite diverse in research methodology, data reporting, and outcomes. The aims of this systematic review were to analyze the methodology of published studies regarding ankle and foot overuse injuries in different sports disciplines and to summarize epidemiological data of ankle and foot ...
Fitzpatrick-Swallow Virginia L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Primary blast lung injury after explosions has been well described in the literature. A case of injury to the lung, after a shotgun wound to the head, similar to primary blast lung, is presented. Histological appearances of the lung revealed alveolar over distension, rupture and intra-alveolar hemorrhage. Primary blast ...
Luenam Suriya - - 2012
A massive rotator cuff tear in association with acute traumatic posterior glenohumeral dislocation is rare. To our knowledge, only four documented cases have been reported in the literature. We present two additional cases of such injury secondary to the traffic accident. The first patient had an unsuccessful closed reduction due ...
Jones A L C - - 2012
Distinguishing diaphragmatic eventration from rupture in the trauma setting can be a considerable challenge. We present a case involving a man suffering from chest pain and with a raised left hemidiaphragm on the chest radiograph after a motor vehicle injury. A review of the literature discusses the use of imaging ...
Nair S C - - 2012
Salivary fistula after a traumatic injury in the buccal region is not common. It is most commonly encountered in injuries involving the pre auricular region or soft tissues along the course of the parotid duct. It is more frequent in the parotid because its anatomical location is superficial; traumatic salivary ...
Yazdi Hamid R - - 2012
Triceps tendon rupture or avulsion is a rare tendon injury. The most common feature of injury is avulsion from osseous insertion on the olecranon. The diagnosis of acute triceps tendon rupture may be missed, and a missed diagnosis can result in prolonged disability and delayed operative management. In this article, ...
Phelan Herb A - - 2012
Despite the frequency and morbidity of venous thromboembolism (VTE) development after traumatic brain injury (TBI), no national standard of care exists to guide TBI caregivers for the use of prophylactic anticoagulation. Fears of iatrogenic propagation of intracranial hemorrhage patterns have led to a dearth of research in this field, and ...
Wintemute Garen J - - 2012
Stray bullet shootings contribute to a sense of risk in affected communities but have rarely been studied. We describe the epidemiology and clinical aspects of stray bullet shootings in the United States. We defined a case as a shooting event involving death or injury to a person and meeting criteria ...
Lippacher Sabine - - 2012
Patellar instability is a common knee injury in children and adolescents. After first-time dislocation, a nonoperative course is widespread. In cases of recurrent patellar dislocation, operative therapy is widely recommended. This case report shows the complicating history after a period of numerous patellar dislocations with primarily spontaneous reduction and a ...
Duntze J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This case reports atlantoaxial stabilization in case of V3 segment anomaly. PATIENT: We report the case of a patient who was victim of a complex C2 fracture requiring atlantoaxial stabilization whereas the initial cervical 3D CT angiography showed a persistent first intersegmental artery consisting in a V3 segment of ...
King Ian - - 2012
A 32-year-old man presented with chemical burns to his penis following accidental application of depilatory cream to the area. The gentleman consequently sustained deep dermal burns to his penis, experiencing genital swelling and dysuria. This injury was managed conservatively in our burns unit and the patient was discharged shortly after. ...
Paschos Konstantinos A - - 2012
Trauma has been reported as a cause of appendicitis on several cases in the literature. The present study reports the relationship between blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) of injury severity score less than 4 and appendicitis. A 17-year-old girl developed appendicitis after a minor BAT. An ecchymosis at the right lower ...
Mascarenhas Ana Karina - - 2012
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Mouthguards in sport activities: history, physical properties and injury prevention effectiveness. Knapik JJ, Stephen W, Marshall SW, Lee RB, Darakjy SS, Jones SB, et al. Sports Med 2007;37(2):117-44. REVIEWER: Ana Karina Mascarenhas, BDS, MPH, DrPH PURPOSE/QUESTION: To assess the effectiveness of mouthguards in preventing orofacial injuries ...
Bhatt Y M - - 2012
A musical hallucination is defined as a form of auditory hallucination characterised by the perception of music in the absence of external acoustic stimuli. It is infrequently cited in the literature, although population studies suggest a greater prevalence. The aetiology of this unusual disorder remains unclear. A 70-year-old man with ...
Schwerkoske John P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature for cases of deliberate self-harm that directly reference Bible verses as a motivation for action and discuss predictive factors of such behaviors and post-injury management strategies. METHODS: Sixteen cases of self-mutilation prompted by Biblical verses were found in the existing literature. The authors also describe ...
Reisner Andrew D - - 2012
The focus of this practice review is to understand the precursors, correlates, and treatment of self-injury by ingestion of foreign objects among patients in inpatient mental health facilities. These cases exhibited pervasive psychopathology of early onset, histories of severe personality disorder, and trauma. The cases seemingly presented a higher incidence ...
Asati Dinesh P - - 2012
Examination of non-accidental injuries on a body should be done with caution, as often skin diseases can mimic deliberate injuries. Patients with active dermatoses or their residual/post-inflammatory spots seen during autopsy can generate false alarms or suspicion of burns, child abuse or battering, sexual assault or other medicolegal cases. The ...
Syebele Kabunda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This article describes a case series of oral and oropharyngeal impalement injuries in pediatric patients and highlights the peculiar etiological role of the rural environment. STUDY DESIGN: The records of nine pediatric patients who presented with oropharyngeal impalement injuries were reviewed. The patients were all from various rural areas ...
Jayasundara J A - - 2012
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a potential complication following brain or spinal cord injuries and diseases. Post-encephalitis HO is rare, and the number of affected joints is a prognostic predictor. A literature review revealed only a limited number of such cases, with one or two anatomical regions affected in each case. ...
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