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Results 401 - 450 of 727
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Rohayem J - - 2001
We report on the case of a healthy young boy who developed a fulminant myocarditis due to acute coinfection with erythrovirus (parvovirus B19) and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) in the absence of an antiviral immune response. We suggest that the HHV-6-induced immunosuppression enhanced dissemination of parvovirus B19, which led to ...
Sharma D K - - 2001
A rare event of acute free perforation of gall bladder with biliary peritonitis in a case of calculous cholecystitis in a 28 years old pregnant lady occurring in the absence of the usual factors associated with gall stone disease is reported. The clinical features resembled acute appendicitis and a pre-operative ...
Prasad T R - - 2001
Two children with incidentally-diagnosed ectopic pancreatic tissue in the jejunum at surgery for extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) and choledochal cyst (CC) are reported. No case has been reported in the literature describing the association of a CC with ectopic pancreas, and only one case of EHBA associated with ectopic pancreas ...
Sharara A I - - 2001
Schistosomal cholecystitis is a rare entity with less than 10 cases described in the medical literature [1-3]. It is unclear whether schistosomal eggs deposited in the wall of the gallbladder trigger a clinically manifest acute cholecystitis, since most of the cases described were also found to have concomitant gallstones. Herein, ...
Sasaki M - - 2001
We report a male case of 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria (3HiB-uria) with severe brain damage. He had mild asphyxia at birth. He needed tube feeding for a month. He showed mild dysmorphic features, including low set ears, a long philtrum and micrognathia. At 4 months of age he had acute encephalopathy. Thereafter, ...
Sökmen S - - 2001
It is often speculated that an inflamed gallbladder weeps bile to produce bile peritonitis. This may be so, but more likely the problem is a peritoneal effusion in a jaundiced patient which thus resembles bile. So-called "spontaneous or idiopathic biliary peritonitis" in acute acalculous cholecystitis without a proven cause is ...
Gosnell F E - - 2001
Acute pancreatitis is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain during pregnancy, and rarely progresses to the necrotizing from of the disease in this clinical setting. Hyperlipidemia is an infrequent cause of acute pancreatitis. Whereas only 100 cases of hyperlipidemia-induced necrotizing pancreatitis have been reported in the literature to date, all ...
Duzova A - - 2001
Acute tumour lysis syndrome (ATLS) is a well recognised complication of treatment of a variety of malignant disorders. It commonly occurs in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) with the administration of combined cytotoxic chemotherapy. It is rarely reported after single-agent corticosteroid therapy. We present two ...
Pérez Saborido B - - 2001
The segmental infarction of the greater omentum is a rare cause of acute abdomen. Its etiology is uncertain although several predisposing factors have been underlined such as congenital venous anomalies, sudden change of position and substantial meal. The clinical picture simulates an appendicitis or cholecystitis, thus being difficult to make ...
Firth A Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report the possible effects of heroin withdrawal on binocular vision. METHODS: A case series of patients is presented in whom esotropia developed on cessation of heroin use. RESULTS: In each case the esotropia was concomitant and prismatic correction restored binocular single vision. Intermittent spontaneous control occurred in one ...
Sandmeier D - - 2001
We recently observed numerous microspheroliths consisting of microscopic organized crystalline structures of varying shapes, sizes, and colors in a bile specimen from a 65-yr-old woman obtained directly from the gallbladder during a surgical procedure for cholecystectomy. Detection of microspheroliths could be very useful in the diagnostic approach to patients with ...
Abubacker M - - 2001
Spontaneous resolution of acute hydrocephalus without aspiration of cerebral fluid is rare. In a neonate born at full term this has only been reported once before. We report on one further case that was caused by intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH). The probable mechanism is resolution of the acute haemorrhage in the ...
Castoldi Laura - - 2001
Gangliocytic paragangliomas (GPs) are exceedingly rare tumors that arise in close proximity of the papillaof Vater. Nevertheless, jaundice is an uncommon presenting symptom, reported in only 3 of 125 casesdescribed in the literature to date, with gastrointestinal bleeding being more common.Association between GPs and neurofibromatosis 1 (NF-1), described in two ...
Wanby P - - 2001
Myocarditis associated with bacterial enteritis has only rarely been described and the pathogenesis is unclear. Herein we report a case where a young adult developed myocarditis during the acute stage of an infection with Salmonella heidelberg and Campylobacter jejunii/coli. The patient's troponin I value was elevated. We suggest that use ...
Stephenson D J - - 2000
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the myelin of the nervous system and the adrenal cortex. The childhood form of the disease is typically heralded by subtle neurocognitive changes which later progress. Acute presentation of childhood ALD has been reported, but the incidence is not known. We reviewed the ...
Sirvanci M - - 2000
Inflammation of an epiploic appendage is considered to be a rare cause of acute abdomen. Recently, it has been reported that typical computed tomography (CT) findings of primary epiploic appendagitis (PEA) provide a definitive diagnosis in most of the cases. However, since these papers are only few, they are easily ...
Lin C H - - 2000
Diverticulum of the appendix is rarely encountered. A case of appendiceal diverticulosis is described. A 46-year-old male patient was sent to our hospital with presentation of acute appendicitis-like symptoms. The appendix was removed by laparoscopic appendectomy, and it showed erythematous change with local peritoneal reaction and omental shift at the ...
Satchithananda K - - 2000
Acute appendicitis presenting with scrotal symptoms is a rare event, occurring when a patent processus vaginalis persists. We present a case where ultrasound demonstrated an inflamed appendix and a scrotal abscess, allowing the correct surgical management in a difficult clinical situation. In a child presenting with scrotal signs and vague ...
Singh S - - 2000
A case of middle aged male who developed swelling and weakness of muscles in the lower limbs following a heavy binge of alcohol is being reported. He had myoglobinuria and developed acute renal failure for which he was dialyzed. Acute alcoholic myopathy is not a well recognized condition and should ...
Sodhi Punita Kumari - - 2000
Two cases of ocular mycosis caused by the genus Curvularia are reported. In these cases, the infection was localised to the lacrimal sac only and presented in the form of acute to chronic dacryocystitis. Interestingly, neither of the hosts was immunocompromised. The authors have not been able to find a ...
Heise C P - - 2000
Massive hemobilia is a well recognized clinical entity, particularly when it presents with jaundice, GI bleeding, and biliary pain. However, occult hemobilia is more difficult to diagnose and has seldom been reported because of its clinically silent nature. In fact, this is usually overlooked until complications arise. Hemocholecyst or clot ...
Carr N J - - 2000
Although acute appendicitis is frequent, it is subject to common misconceptions. Furthermore, there is little good evidence to support some of our beliefs. This report reviews the role of the anatomic pathologist in diagnosis when acute appendicitis is suspected clinically and discusses what is known of its pathology. The conclusions ...
Erberich H - - 2000
Adenomyomas of the stomach are rare tumours characterised by duct/gland-like structures embedded within a smooth muscle stroma. Although the histogenesis of adenomyomas remains unclear, the histological appearance has justified the assumption that these are abortive forms of pancreatic heterotopia. We report an unusual case with simultaneous and independent appearance of ...
Maltzman J S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To inform ophthalmologists about bee and wasp sting-related optic neuropathy. DESIGN: Two case reports and literature review. METHODS: Review of two cases, clinical history, laboratory testing, and follow-up. RESULTS: Two cases of bee and wasp sting optic neuritis are described and five additional cases of optic neuritis occurring after ...
De Rai P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intraluminal duodenal diverticulum is a rare congenital anomaly. First described by Boyd in 1845, no more than 100 cases have been reported up to now: only 17 are associated with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: A new case of intraluminal duodenal diverticulum with acute pancreatitis is reported and the literature about ...
Gökahmeto─člu S - - 2000
We report a case of Aspergillus flavus pericarditis treated with fluconazole for oral candidosis. The patient with acute myeloblastic leukaemia developed tachypnoea after antileukaemic chemotherapy. Pericardial effusion was seen in the echocardiogram. Aspergillus flavus was isolated from the pericardial fluid. The patient died from aspergillosis, before the antimycotic treatment could ...
Ciani S - - 2000
The histological features of resolving acute appendicitis are described. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded appendices of 200 cases with acute, non-complicated phlegmonous appendicitis were reviewed. In 80 out of 200 cases, a histological picture characterized by a predominantly lymphocytic infiltrate of the subserosa and muscularis propria or the subserosa alone was found. In ...
Estevão-Costa J - - 2000
Gastric volvulus (GV) is a rare surgical emergency in infancy and childhood. The first case of a child with an acute GV secondary to a Morgagni hernia (MH) is reported. The authors briefly discuss the etiology, clinical features, and management of acute GV and review the scattered reports of strangulated ...
Osorio J - - 2000
We report a 33-year-old man with distal ileum infarction after intravenous abuse of cocaine. He underwent resection of a gangrenous bowel segment and survived. We review the literature regarding intestinal ischaemia related to cocaine. To date, 19 cases have been published. Like most previously reported cases, our patient was young ...
Hamaguchi H - - 1999
We report a case of acute pancreatitis complicating Salmonella enteritis. A 43-yr-old woman who was admitted to our department because of Salmonella enteritis developed clinical acute pancreatitis with laboratory and radiographic signs on the fourth hospital day. She was free from symptoms on the eighth hospital day, but her elevated ...
Raper S E - - 1999
Recent reports have documented the potentially catastrophic consequences of dehydration induced by vigorous exercise in otherwise healthy individuals. A case of acute pancreatitis secondary to exercise-induced dehydration is presented, and the literature of dehydration-induced syndromes, both research and clinical, is reviewed. The goal of this case report is to heighten ...
Groth D - - 1999
Necrotizing fasciitis, although rare, is one of the more serious, life-threatening complications of missed acute appendicitis. Patients who are predisposed to developing necrotizing fasciitis, regardless of the cause, are typically immunocompromised. We present a case of a 49-year-old immunocompetent female whose diagnosis of acute appendicitis was missed and who subsequently ...
Buddharaju V L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe an unusual case of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) associated with hemodynamic instability. DESIGN: Case report, clinical. SETTINGS: Tertiary care intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENT: A single patient admitted to the ICU. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous corticosteroids. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Resolution of distributive shock and respiratory failure. CONCLUSIONS: AEP ...
Hong D - - 1999
Bleeding from a pancreatic pseudocyst through the ampulla of Vater is a rare cause of overt gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Previously described mechanisms of such haemorrhage are reviewed. We report a case of a 74-year-old female with a pancreatic pseudocyst that bled into the gastrointestinal tract following the administration of heparin. We ...
Ohshita T - - 1999
We present here 2 cases of acute and 2 cases of chronic massive fetomaternal hemorrhage. A sinusoidal fetal heart rate pattern may indicate chronic fetomaternal hemorrhage, but, when increased variability is observed in fetal monitoring, maternal hemoglobin F should be measured to exclude acute fetomaternal hemorrhage.
Gouny P - - 1999
Intraarterial injection may result in acute ischemia and amputation. The authors describe the case of a 27-year-old man with an acute hand ischemia following intraarterial injection of a suspension of buprenorphine. Despite its initial severity, this case was successfully treated with iloprost, a stable prostacyclin analogue, and dextran-40, a low-molecular-weight ...
Farah E - - 1999
The smuggling of cocaine into many countries by ingestion of wrapped cocaine packets and gastro-intestinal concealment is a common and well-recognized practice. This is a report of the case of a smuggler carrying 14 ingested packets of cocaine and who presented an acute intoxication with a rare complication, rhabdomyolysis, which ...
Kumar A N - - 1999
We report a case of pancreatitis, which occurred while the patient was on a propofol drip and then recurred after resolution following an inadvertent rechallenge with propofol. The initial episode was associated with hypertriglyceridemia, whereas the latter was not. The association between propofol and pancreatitis is definite and may occur ...
Remy A J - - 1999
Riluzole is a new drug representing the first active treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We report the cases of two patients who developed acute hepatitis after taking riluzole at the recommended dose (100 mg daily) for 7 and 4 weeks, respectively. In both cases, liver histology showed hepatocellular damage with ...
Steiner J M - - 1999
Despite the uncommon clinical diagnosis, cats frequently suffer from disorders of the exocrine pancreas. Pancreatitis is the most common feline exocrine pancreatic disorder. Pancreatitis can be acute or chronic and mild or severe. The etiology of most cases of feline pancreatitis is idiopathic. Some cases have been associated with severe ...
Saigo K - - 1999
A 69-year-old man with acute myelogenous leukaemia developed a transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). He had anti-IgA2m(1) antibody rather than other antibodies that have previously been reported to be related to TRALI. This case suggests that the pre-existing condition of patients may be important in the development of TRALI.
Mocan H - - 1999
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare vasculitic syndrome in childhood. There are few reported cases of ischaemic necrosis of the intestine and even fewer survivors in adults. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy with PAN and an acute abdomen that required operative intervention. Evidence was found of mesenteric ...
Gazzaniga V - - 1999
Black urine is recorded in all ancient urology as a negative prognostic sign, often linked with the presence of blood; its presence can also be considered as a sign of massive hemolytic crisis, especially if associated with specific nosological patterns. The Hippocratic case of Epidemics III, 11 has recently been ...
Weber G - - 1998
Schistosomiasis, a waterborne trematode infestation, is one of the most widespread parasitic diseases in the world. It occurs in well-defined endemic geographical areas. Schistosomiasis of the appendix was first described by Turner in 1909, and has been reported from endemic areas. However, appendicular schistosomiasis in travelers has not been reported ...
Iocca Angelo J. - - 1998
Priapism is uncommon in children. When it does occur the etiology is usually leukemia, sickle cell disease, or trauma.(1) We present a case of priapism in a child in whom the underlying etiology was acute appendicitis. To our knowledge, this has never been reported in the literature.
Lefevre A - - 1998
A case of massive haemoperitoneum as a complication of focal transmural necrosis of the gallbladder with bleeding during acute cholecystitis is reported. Urgent laparotomy and cholecystectomy was performed to secure an adequate haemostasis. A review of the literature confirmed that this condition is a very rare complication of acute cholecystitis. ...
Bem J - - 1998
Subcutaneous manifestations of severe acute pancreatitis (Grey Turner's sign, Cullen's sign, and disseminated fat necrosis) are often discussed but seldom observed. Grey Turner's sign and Cullen's sign develop in <3% of patients with acute pancreatitis; subcutaneous fat necrosis occurs even less frequently. Few younger physicians have ever seen representative cases. ...
Chung B C - - 1998
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disease. Clinical descriptions of the disorder focus principally on skeletal muscle degeneration. Another manifestation, which involves the gastrointestinal tract, may be fatal. But its prevalence remains undefined. We report here a case of acute gastroparesis associated with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. In our ...
Kato Z - - 1998
A 10-year-old girl exhibited severe cerebellar ataxia following acute enterocolitis, and was diagnosed as having acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA). MRI of the brain in the acute stage revealed moderate swelling of the cerebellum and abnormal signal intensity enhanced with gadolinium in the cerebellar hemisphere. This is the first report of ...
Zielke A - - 1998
The diagnosis and assessment of severity of acute colonic diverticulitis may be difficult. A case is presented, in which the delayed diagnosis of diverticulitis resulted in the development of a diverticular mesocolic abscess complicated by hepatic-portal venous gas (HPVG). The utility of ultrasound as a rapid, noninvasive tool to diagnose ...
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