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Leung C B - - 1992
We report a case of rhabdomyolysis secondary to diabetic hyperosmolar nonketotic coma leading to acute renal failure. The patient had no overt muscle pain or swelling. Urinary myoglobin was negative. The patient was managed with continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHD) and his renal function subsequently recovered. The clinical features of five ...
Maio G - - 1992
Clinical manifestations of acute appendicitis are variegated and urologic symptoms may be the first manifestation of the disease. In 1985 we reported on 2 cases of acute appendicitis who presented with irritative bladder symptoms. Here we describe 2 new cases come to our observation because of hematuria and irritative bladder ...
Orringer E P - - 1991
While acute splenic sequestration and splenic infarction are commonly observed in infants and young children with sickle cell anemia, they are rarely experienced by adult hemoglobin S homozygotes because the recurrent splenic infarction that takes place during childhood is typically followed by scarring, atrophy, and splenic fibrosis. Both acute splenic ...
Binek J - - 1991
We report a case of pancreatitis with fatal liver failure, in a 21-year-old, mentally retarded patient, taking valproic acid (VPA) therapy, together with a review of the literature of this rare side effect. Until March 1991, only 24 cases of isolated pancreatitis and six cases (including ours) of pancreatitis with ...
Nolte K B - - 1991
There have been recent reports of rhabdomyolysis associated with cocaine abuse. The pathologic findings from these cases have not been described. Pathologic abnormalities in two fatalities with cocaine-associated rhabdomyolysis, including one with hyperpyrexia, acute renal failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, are discussed in detail. Skeletal muscle in both cases showed ...
Kelley C E - - 1991
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a neurologic condition that presents with bilateral lower extremity weakness and sensory loss associated with bowel and bladder dysfunction. Whereas the time of onset may be hours to days, the time to either partial or complete recovery may require months. The etiology is varied and ...
Corey W A - - 1991
Three cases of metronidazole-induced acute pancreatitis have been reported recently in three women who were being treated for nonspecific vaginitis. We report the fourth such case in a 63-year-old woman with long-standing Crohn's disease who developed acute pancreatitis that was temporally associated with the initiation of metronidazole therapy for a ...
Young G P - - 1991
The investigators present the case of a 12-month-old female with Down's syndrome and an endocardial cushion defect who presented acutely ill in paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). Unsuccessful vagal maneuvers were followed by a slow intravenous infusion of verapamil, during which the rhythm converted. The discussion which follows highlights the many ...
Zinberg J - - 1991
Ceftriaxone, a third-generation cephalosporin, has been associated with the development of sludge or stones in the gallbladders of some patients treated with this medication. Such precipitates, which are usually reversible upon discontinuation of the drug, sometimes cause symptoms, have simulated acute cholecystitis, and have even led to cholecystectomy in some ...
Downey D B - - 1991
The authors describe a case of acute cecal diverticulitis in which the ultrasonographic features, as well as the clinical features, mimicked those of acute appendicitis. Though rare, acute cecal diverticulitis is an important differential diagnosis when ultrasonographic features suggest acute appendicitis, because the condition can be managed initially without surgery.
Ojo O S - - 1991
The vermiform appendix is a frequent surgical specimen in most routine histopathology laboratories. This is because acute appendicitis is one of the commonest reasons for undertaking emergency laparotomy in most hospitals, even in developing countries. Three hundred and sixteen appendices removed for acute appendix in our hospital over a 10-year ...
Fearrington S J - - 1991
This article reports a case of a 21-year-old woman with acute otitis media with effusion secondary to a virulent group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus infection that led to rapidly deteriorating hearing in an only hearing ear. This deterioration continued despite middle ear ventilation and high-dose intravenous cefazolin and subsequent high-dose aqueous ...
Walton J M - - 1991
The authors present a case of multiple intrahepatic pseudoaneurysms complicating acute gallstone pancreatitis, and they review the relevant literature. The complementary roles of ultrasonography, computed tomography and arteriography are illustrated. Although necrotizing vasculitis with resultant aneurysmal changes in peripancreatic vessels is a recognized complication of chronic pancreatitis, similar pseudoaneurysms have ...
Lekwuwa G U - - 1991
The rarity of acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) in Negroes has been emphasized by various authors. But the increasing number of cases reported from the University College Hospital, Ibadan, shows that this may be an overgeneralization. Most of these reported cases have initially been misdiagnosed and only found accidentally to be ...
Remedios D - - 1991
The case of a 67 year old woman is reported who presented with cholestatic jaundice and was found to have, in addition, an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. Only at necropsy did histopathology show chronic periaortitis as the aetiology of a pancreatic head mass which, during life, mimicked a pancreatic neoplasm ...
Mullen K D - - 1991
A case is described of the appearance of a pancreatic or peripancreatic lesion after left renal calculus fragmentation by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Its anatomical location and subsequent disappearance suggest it was related to trauma caused by the shock waves. The brief literature on pancreatic injury after ESWL is ...
Conde-Glez C J - - 1991
The authors report six cases of acute urethritis and three cases of acute cervicitis caused in all instances by Neisseria meningitidis group B. The patients, five heterosexual men, one homosexual man, and three female prostitutes were seen at a venereal clinic in Mexico City. All of them were initially diagnosed ...
Boon P - - 1991
Pancreatic encephalopathy is an uncommon condition found in patients with acute pancreatitis. The present report shows the interest of MRI in the diagnosis of this disorder. Patchy white matter signal abnormalities, resembling plaques seen in multiple sclerosis, may reflect the lesions that are found in the cerebral white matter of ...
Kanluen S - - 1991
We report four cases of fatal mercury vapor inhalation, a rare occurrence. The mercury vapor was released at a private home, where one of the occupants was smelting silver from dental amalgam containing an unknown amount of mercury. Within 24 hours of the incident, all occupants began having shortness of ...
Choudhury S R - - 1991
This case report features the unusual presentation of a blind-ending ureteric duplication (BEUD) as acute abdomen. The partially obstructed BEUD had mimicked acute appendicitis, leading to previous errors in the diagnosis and management of the case. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose such a rare congenital anomaly ...
Fleck B W - - 1990
Four cases of acute angle closure glaucoma in eyes with a small but patent Nd-YAG laser iridotomy are presented, and similar cases in the literature are reviewed. Theoretically a 15 microns diameter iridotomy should be large enough to prevent angle closure glaucoma due to pupil block. Mechanisms by which larger ...
Stuckey B G - - 1990
A case of a patient with pancreatitis and familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia is presented and the literature linking FHH and pancreatitis is reviewed. The case for a causal link between the two conditions is not proven and seems unlikely. In view of this we strongly challenge the recommendation of total parathyroidectomy ...
Boruta P M - - 1990
The average general orthopaedic surgeon examines and treats a considerable number of acute lateral ankle ligament sprains in a busy office practice. A cursory review of recent articles published on this subject will present a confusing picture regarding diagnosis and treatment of Grade III injuries. An air of controversy surrounds ...
Beadle G F - - 1990
A case of acute ileotyphlitis is reported in a man treated with cytotoxic drugs for metastatic non-seminomatous germ cell tumor of the testis. This case illustrates the variable features of acute ileotyphlitis and highlights the importance of clinical awareness in order to establish the diagnosis and commence treatment immediately.
Tumwine J K - - 1990
Although several cases of reactions to bee venom including acute renal failure have been reported, the literature from Africa is scanty and that concerning children virtually non-existent. We report a child who was stung by over 1,000 bees and developed acute renal failure and extensive scalp necrosis. The pathogenesis of ...
Dani R - - 1990
We observed 797 consecutive cases of chronic pancreatitis from 1963 to 1987 in the cities of Belo Horizonte and São Paulo. Alcoholism was the main etiological agent, responsible for 714 cases (89.6%). Chronic calcifying pancreatitis from different etiologies, alcohol, idiopathic, nutritional, and familial, was the most important form of chronic ...
Azher M - - 1990
Praziquantel is recommended as the drug of choice for all forms of schistosomiasis. We report the first case (to our knowledge) of exudative effusive polyserositis following treatment of schistosomiasis with this drug. This involved pleura, pericardium, and peritoneum and was associated with acute respiratory failure. The latter preceded the appearance ...
Padgham N D - - 1990
We report a unique case of recurrent gross enlargement of the tongue associated with lymphangiectasia and tongue protrusion in an adult male with Down's syndrome. There were three episodes of acute macroglossia with no clinically identifiable cause. Spontaneous resolution always occurred after five to six days. Histological examination of the ...
Schauben J L - - 1990
Although the acute ingestion of iron-containing preparations can produce very serious consequences, the majority of reported exposures are not associated with significant morbidity or mortality. We present 3 cases of acute iron ingestion and review the aspects of general management, with an emphasis on the appropriate choice of a gastrointestinal ...
Kearns P P - - 1990
Acute angle closure glaucoma generally occurs in older hypermetropic individuals, precipitated by pupillary dilation. However it is often forgotten that it can occur in younger people and that it does not occur solely as a result of the use of mydriatics or normal pupillary dilation in response to darkness. It ...
Lopez-Navidad A - - 1990
Acute appendicitis is an uncommon complication of infectious mononucleosis (IM) and can readily be misdiagnosed because of the acute abdominal pain with which patients with IM occasionally present. A case report is presented of a patient with IM who developed acute appendicitis during the acute phase of the illness. The ...
Zuk R J - - 1990
We report a case of malakoplakia arising in the pancreas of a 45-year-old woman. Clinical and histological features are described. Malakoplakia was present with chronic pancreatitis and adenocarcinoma. The aetiology of malakoplakia at this site may be due to a stromal response to carcinoma or an abnormal localised histiocytic response ...
Lee H S - - 1989
The association between acute pancreatitis and organophosphate (OP) poisoning may still not be widely recognised. A case of organophosphate (diazinon) poisoning presenting as acute pancreatitis is described. The diagnosis of OP was not made during admission to hospital as the history of exposure to OP was not obtained then. Obtaining ...
Ng S C - - 1989
The simultaneous expression of both lymphoid and myeloid phenotypic features in acute leukaemia is rare. We report 3 cases of biphenotypic hybrid acute leukaemia seen in our institution. All 3 patients achieved remission with treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia but two subsequently relapsed while on treatment. The hybrid acute leukaemias ...
Brooks A M - - 1989
Two cases of acute non-haemorrhagic conjunctivitis due to coxsackievirus A24 (CA24) are described. These are the first Australian isolates. The presentation was as a severe conjunctivitis in otherwise healthy adults who had not travelled outside Australia. The course was of short duration and self-limiting with no long-term sequelae. The isolates ...
Fitch C P - - 1989
Chlamydia has been found to be the cause of a high percentage of cases of neonatal and chronic conjunctivitis in an inner-city population. To assess the etiology and epidemiology of acute conjunctivitis in this population, conjunctival scrapings were sampled from 45 patients presenting to an ocular emergency room; and replicate ...
Itoh Y - - 1989
Annular pancreas, an uncommon condition, is often hard to diagnose before operation. We report a case of annular pancreas with pancreatitis of the annulus that was diagnosed by the use of computed tomography followed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. An upper gastrointestinal series and duodenoscopy revealed stenosis of the second portion ...
Uchiyama T - - 1989
Thirty seven cases of pancreatic ascites in the Japanese literature were reviewed. The ratio of males to females was high, and the incidence of associated pancreatic pleural effusion was higher than in the English literature. Other aspects of pancreatic ascites in Japan were similar to those reported in the English ...
Warner R L RL - - 1989
Twenty years ago, we reviewed the pediatric surgical experience with traumatic pancreatitis and pseudocysts at a large children's hospital. That series encompassed 13 years, during which time 23 cases were found. Six of these had pseudocysts, five of which were managed by external catheter drainage and one by excision. The ...
Kumar R - - 1989
Thirty children presenting with acute encephalopathic illness within a month of measles were studied. A male preponderance was found and 83.3% of cases were below 5 years of age. The interval between onset of measles rash and that of encephalopathy ranged from 0 to 20 days. Fever (96.6%), convulsions (70%), ...
Payan H M - - 1989
Extramedullary hematopoiesis associated with fibrosis is found frequently in the liver and spleen, but seldom in other organs. Acute abdomen due to extramedullary hematopoiesis has been reported in two patients with intestinal obstruction because of heavy infiltration of the terminal ileum. This report describes the case of a 71-year-old woman ...
Sanders M M - - 1989
Toxic nephropathies manifest morphologically as glomerulonephritides, vasculitides, tubular necrosis, and acute or chronic tubulointerstitial disease. The most common toxicity is acute interstitial nephritis owing to hypersensitivity. However, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and necrotizing angiitis secondary to heroin abuse, membranous glomerulopathy owing to gold, penicillamine and captopril, thrombotic microangiopathy associated with mitomycin ...
Sinei S K - - 1989
A preliminary report of 50 cases of acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) studied at the Kenyatta National Hospital to find out the role of chlamydia trachomatis in its aetiology is presented. Endocervical swab cultures were done. There were 2/50 (4.0%) cases positive for chlamydia trachomatis. The role of this pathogen ...
Gérard M - - 1989
A case is reported of a patient without previous gastrointestinal symptoms, who presented with polymicrobial septicemia caused by Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Clostridium difficile and Bacteroides vulgatus. Septicemia occurred during acute diverticulitis. A strain of Clostridium difficile, which was of the same serogroup C as the blood culture isolate and ...
Isaacs P E - - 1989
Cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas is uncommon, but should be positively identified and distinguished from other cystic lesions of the pancreas because of its good surgical prognosis in comparison with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. I report two cases of cystadenocarcinoma of the head of the pancreas, in which a previously undescribed abnormal appearance ...
Morton N S - - 1989
A 34-year-old woman with a recent history of a influenza-like illness and signs of bronchopneumonia presented with many of the features of acute epiglottitis, a condition which still carries a high mortality in adults. Urgent laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy under inhalational anaesthesia were negative. The results of arterial blood gases, taken ...
Moyer R A - - 1989
Acute calcific tendinitis is a frequently unrecognized cause of hand and wrist tenderness and swelling. We report 12 cases seen over an 8-year period. Roentgenograms showed deposits in various peritendinous sites especially near the pisiform. Special views may be required for visualization. A correct diagnosis was made in 5/12 cases; ...
Alvarez-Castells A - - 1989
We present 2 cases of psoas muscle pancreatic pseudocysts. In both cases there was no clinical or laboratory evidence of recent acute pancreatitis. The route of extension for the pseudocyst from the pancreas to the psoas was the perirenal space. In both cases the diagnosis was made on the basis ...
Mowji P J - - 1989
A focal dilatation of a loop of small bowel has been identified in the left upper quadrant in a series of individuals with suspected appendicitis. Retrospective review of 100 cases of surgically proven appendicitis demonstrated this sign in 51. No previous description of this sign has been found. This finding ...
Mellick L B - - 1989
A 15-year-old boy ingested 19.6 g (15 g verifiable) phenytoin sodium approximately four hours before emergency department presentation. The patient survived the suicide attempt with only supportive care, despite the ingestion of 392 mg/kg and a peak serum level of 100.8 micrograms/mL. A wide spectrum of physical findings consistent with ...
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