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Results 451 - 500 of 733
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Iocca Angelo J. - - 1998
Priapism is uncommon in children. When it does occur the etiology is usually leukemia, sickle cell disease, or trauma.(1) We present a case of priapism in a child in whom the underlying etiology was acute appendicitis. To our knowledge, this has never been reported in the literature.
Lefevre A - - 1998
A case of massive haemoperitoneum as a complication of focal transmural necrosis of the gallbladder with bleeding during acute cholecystitis is reported. Urgent laparotomy and cholecystectomy was performed to secure an adequate haemostasis. A review of the literature confirmed that this condition is a very rare complication of acute cholecystitis. ...
Bem J - - 1998
Subcutaneous manifestations of severe acute pancreatitis (Grey Turner's sign, Cullen's sign, and disseminated fat necrosis) are often discussed but seldom observed. Grey Turner's sign and Cullen's sign develop in <3% of patients with acute pancreatitis; subcutaneous fat necrosis occurs even less frequently. Few younger physicians have ever seen representative cases. ...
Chung B C - - 1998
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disease. Clinical descriptions of the disorder focus principally on skeletal muscle degeneration. Another manifestation, which involves the gastrointestinal tract, may be fatal. But its prevalence remains undefined. We report here a case of acute gastroparesis associated with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. In our ...
Kato Z - - 1998
A 10-year-old girl exhibited severe cerebellar ataxia following acute enterocolitis, and was diagnosed as having acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA). MRI of the brain in the acute stage revealed moderate swelling of the cerebellum and abnormal signal intensity enhanced with gadolinium in the cerebellar hemisphere. This is the first report of ...
Zielke A - - 1998
The diagnosis and assessment of severity of acute colonic diverticulitis may be difficult. A case is presented, in which the delayed diagnosis of diverticulitis resulted in the development of a diverticular mesocolic abscess complicated by hepatic-portal venous gas (HPVG). The utility of ultrasound as a rapid, noninvasive tool to diagnose ...
Ryan A - - 1998
A rare case of myoepithelial hamartoma of the duodenal wall is presented, and previous case reports found in the literature are reviewed. Myoepithelial hamartomas are thought to arise from displaced pancreatic anlage present along the gastrointestinal tract during embryogenesis, which can differentiate into various pancreatic elements; the most highly differentiated ...
Flowers M B - - 1998
The case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with signs and symptoms of biliary obstruction and cholangitis is reported. The patient's clinical course was punctuated by recurring sepsis and acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis. Computed tomography revealed extrinsic compression of the common hepatic duct, which was nonfilling on cholangiography, thus raising the ...
Horiuchi A - - 1998
We report a case demonstrating the progressive narrowing of the pancreatic duct, which is presumed to be characteristic of autoimmune pancreatitis, and we review the 37 cases of chronic pancreatitis in which autoimmunity was suggested as an etiological factor in the Japanese literature. A 55-year-old man presented with abdominal discomfort, ...
Crider S - - 1998
A 59-year-old man with lung cancer, peripheral blood leukocytosis and thrombocytosis without peripheral lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly was found to have pancreatic extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) in association with an 'atypical' myeloproliferative disorder. Studies for the Philadelphia chromosome and bcr-abl fusion product were negative. This is the first documented case in the ...
Sivalingam P - - 1998
We report a case of acute meningococcal epiglottitis in a 65-y-old man. He was noted to have stridor of acute onset. We highlight the importance of the diagnosis of acute epiglottitis, early establishment of an airway and appropriate antibiotic therapy. This case report mainly concerns the association of unusual pathogen ...
Andreescu N - - 1998
The paper approaches the possible leptospirotic etiology of non-icteric or late icteric digestive manifestations: digestive hemorrhage, particularly epigastric, acute cholecystitis (non-lithiasic), acute appendicitis, acute gastroenterocolitis, etc., which can be indicative of an acute or latent (from 14 days to several months) leptospirosis. A number of 300 patients with high fever, ...
Rimon E - - 1998
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C with interferon is well established (Fried 1995, Zein 1995) though not very successful. We report a case of a pregnant doctor who developed acute hepatitis C six weeks after accidental needle-stick injury from a hepatitis C virus positive patient. We review the literature that deals ...
Colarian J H - - 1998
Pseudoachalasia or secondary achalasia is commonly recognized and sought for in the context of an elderly patient presenting with weight loss and brief duration of symptoms. The majority of cases are caused by adenocarcinomas of the fundus or the cardia. It is accepted by gastroenterologists that endoscopy with "routine retroflexion" ...
Safir M H - - 1998
Adrenal insufficiency following unilateral radical nephrectomy has not been previously described in medical literature. We present a 78-year-old male patient who experienced a difficult postoperative course with vague findings, and was ultimately diagnosed with acute adrenal insufficiency. Treatment with glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids resulted in prompt control of the disease.
Fernández J - - 1997
Acute pancreatitis is a known, although rare, complication of mesalamine treatment. This complication typically appears within the first days or weeks after initiation of therapy. We describe two cases of acute pancreatitis that occurred after long term mesalamine therapy for ulcerative colitis. A rechallenge, performed in both patients, confirmed the ...
Marshall K L - - 1997
The objective of this study was to estimate the true incidence of acute cases of hepatitis B (HB) in Hawaii in 1993 and thus determine the sensitivity of reporting to the Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH). The study found that the relatively low HB incidence rate of 1.6 per 100,000 ...
Sartori N - - 1997
We report the case of a 61-year-old woman, who suffered from abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. She had a past medical history of acute rheumatism, pyelonephritis and systemic scleroderma. Since 1971 she was hospitalized many times because of recurrent abdominal pain with increased serum amylase and lipase values. On ...
Mayo-Smith M F - - 1997
Four cases of acute epiglottitis due to thermal injury were identified in a larger study of 407 cases of epiglottitis in Rhode Island from 1975 through 1992. All occurred in young adults (aged 22-33 yr) and were caused by the inhalation of heated objects when smoking illicit drugs (a tip ...
Ferraro-Herrera A S - - 1997
Autonomic dysfunction has been demonstrated in various conditions associated with peripheral neuropathy such as acute intermittent porphyria, amyloidosis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). In the latter, hypertension is an associated complication that typically occurs after neurological signs are already present. We report a case of a patient with autonomic dysfunction as ...
Beccaria L - - 1997
Whereas there is general agreement about the biochemical diagnosis of hyperinsulinism, the value of imaging to differentiate diffuse from focal pancreatic lesions is still a matter of debate. We describe a case of multiple adenomas of the pancreas in an eleven year-old boy. The source of hyperinsulinism was detected by ...
Dhar A - - 1997
Bifid pancreas is a rare anatomical anomaly in which the main pancreatic duct is bifurcated along its length. Although the pancreatographic appearance has been described in the literature, there is no mention of the computerised tomographic appearance of this condition. We report a case of bifid pancreas with the ERCP ...
Simpson C D CD Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova - - 1997
Inflammatory bowel disease is rarely associated with pericarditis but both sulfasalazine and the aminosalicylates have been known to cause this complication. To the author's knowledge this is the first reported case of acute pericarditis caused by azathioprine. It is believed that pericarditis is yet another potential manifestation of hypersensitivity to ...
Baran R - - 1997
Three cases of proximal subungual onychomycosis due to Fusarium oxysporum, including a patient with a fingernail infection, are described. All patients were immunocompetent and presented with acute paronychia associated with proximal or total leukonychia of the affected nails. Nail avulsion followed by topical treatment produced clinical and mycological cure. The ...
PeBenito R - - 1997
We describe a young urban boy with atypically fulminant subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). He had measles at 3 years of age despite receiving measles immunization in infancy. The literature describing acute SSPE is reviewed and summarized. This report reiterates the need to include SSPE as a diagnostic possibility in acute ...
Arora S C - - 1997
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is characterized by the insidious onset of diffuse cerebral dysfunction associated later with myoclonus and typical electroencephalographic changes. The disease progresses relentlessly to coma and death within 2 years. We report a case of acute onset and rapid course associated with atypical CSF, EEG and MRI features ...
Mauri S - - 1997
Between January 1993 and April 1994, 5 patients with cystic fibrosis, aged 4-9 months, were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, University of Berne, Switzerland, with acute, severe metabolic alkalosis (sodium < 133 mmol/l, plasma potassium < 3.5, chloride < 85, bicarbonate > 35.0 mmol/l, blood pH > 7.43). 87 ...
Okamoto T - - 1997
We report herein the rare case of a 15-year-old girl with chronic appendicitis in whom the appendix was clearly depicted by a barium enema (BE) examination. The patient presented with a 4-month history of diffuse abdominal pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen. Neither computed tomography nor ultrasonography showed any ...
Forte A - - 1997
Acute idiopathic pancreatitis is a term used when no underlying cause can be identified on routine investigations. However more specialized investigations, such as endoscopic, endoscopic retrocolangio pancreopathy (CPRE), may detect aetiological factors, particularly biliary sludge and pancreatic duct abnormalities. The authors, reviewing the current literature, report their caseload of idiopathic ...
Müller G - - 1997
Leukaemic and lymphomatous infiltration of the appendix is rare and even rarer is acute appendicitis as the initial manifestation. From our routine biopsy material we collected four cases of haematological malignancies presenting as acute appendicitis or acute abdomen, caused or accompanied by tumoral infiltration of the appendix. Appendicitis was the ...
Konstantopoulos K - - 1997
We report a case of acute myelomonocytic leukaemia (AMML) who presented with a striking leukaemic infiltration in the frontal area of the scalp that was also rapidly followed by infiltrates in other sites of the skin, mainly in the upper thoracic wall. Leukaemic skin infiltration developed independently of his haematological ...
Rosenfeld Krimsky J J Boston University, Boston, MA, - - 1997
The disruptive effects of a hand burn injury permeate all aspects of a person's life. Hand burn rehabilitation is a multi-staged process; returning the client to functional occupational roles is its' ultimate goal. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature that examines return to work and psychosocial ...
Krishna M - - 1996
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are rare pancreatic exocrine tumors with distinct clinicopathologic features. They usually present with a long history of chronic pancreatitis-like symptoms, which are often associated with weight loss, diarrhea, and malabsorption. We report a case of benign intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with focal squamous metaplasia presenting as ...
Forte A - - 1996
The authors report a case of acute pancreatitis (AP) occurring in a patient under treatment with carbamazepine (CBZ) for post-traumatic petit mal epilepsy, and review the current literature of drug-induced AP. The evidence of high plasmatic levels of CBZ and the absence of other aetiologic factors lead the authors to ...
Liao D - - 1996
The Combitube is a relatively new device used for blind insertion emergency intubation. We report a case of successful Combitube treatment of an acute respiratory arrest secondary to an acute asthma exacerbation. An advanced EMT-II (National Park Service Parkmedic) utilized this device. Our review of the literature revealed no reported ...
Will M J - - 1996
Acute rhabdomyolysis after uncomplicated, primary varicella-zoster infection is a rare condition that is sparsely reported in the literature. We report a case of acute rhabdomyolysis due to varicella-zoster infection and review the literature regarding the etiology, diagnosis, and management of this potentially life-threatening condition. Rapid recognition, along with appropriate treatment, ...
Cosgrove J - - 1996
The application of laparoscopy for therapy is well established in biliary tract disease, inguinal herniorrhaphy, and fundoplication. Frequently, the diagnostic capability of laparoscopy is overlooked. A review of the literature and an institution's experience in laparoscopy for the acute abdomen is presented. Therapy was completed laparoscopically in a substantial number ...
Pesik N T - - 1996
Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome often associated with alcohol and drug abuse. It may also be seen following viral infections, but is a complication not often considered. We report a case of severe rhabdomyolysis following an influenza-like illness. Despite the extreme elevation of creatinine phosphokinase, 230,600 IU/L, this patient did not ...
Chrisman C L - - 1996
Three cats were evaluated for acute, ascending, flaccid quadriplegia; depression; and reduced nociception. Complete or partial neuromuscular junction blockade was found on nerve stimulation studies during electromyographic examinations. Two of the cases had wounds on the chin or paw compatible with coral snake bites. Although a coral snake was found ...
Shore T - - 1996
Pancreatitis has been reported as a rare complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This paper reports a series of three cases of pancreatitis post-BMT and reviews the literature. Pancreatitis occurred in three of 68 (4.4%) of BMT cases in our transplant program. The etiology of such cases is multifactorial and ...
Leong K P - - 1996
Acute pancreatitis is an uncommon manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In most reported cases, it occurs in the setting of SLE with multi-organ involvement. We report an unusual case of SLE in a Sri Lankan woman presenting with acute pancreatitis with the pancreas as the sole major organ affected. ...
Shimizu H - - 1996
We present a case of severe acute pancreatitis in a 14-year-old boy that may have been caused by hyperparathyroidism. The clue to finding the parathyroid adenoma was the hypercalcaemia. Although the patient did have acute pancreatitis, no therapy had been effective until the discovery of the parathyroid adenoma. After the ...
Mate-Kole M O - - 1996
From 1972 to 1992, 170 patients with acute renal failure (87 M, 83 F; mean age 32.51 +/- SE 0.945) underwent hemodialysis at the renal unit of the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra. Vascular access was established initially by arteriovenous shunt (133 cases), femoral venous cannulation (10 cases), and subclavian ...
Gurbuz A T - - 1996
Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of an acute surgical abdomen. The authors present the first case of simultaneous acute appendicitis in monozygotic twins in the English literature and the fifth case reported in the world literature. Twin sisters, whose homozygosity is proven by DNA testing, presented with symptoms ...
Freund K B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To report on new features of unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy (UAIM). PATIENTS: We have evaluated an additional 17 patients with UAIM since 1991. This is a report of new features of the maculopathy noted in seven patients from this new series. RESULTS: New clinical findings in UAIM included eccentric ...
Stimec B - - 1996
Analysis of 97 human postmortem pancreatograms and 103 endoscopic pancreatograms revealed a total of 3 cases (1.5%) with isolated variants in the branches of the main pancreatic duct. In the first one, tortuous branches were present in the upper head-body region. The second case involved joint tributaries bridging over an ...
Kisanga R E - - 1996
Two cases of urethral prolapse in young girls are presented. One patient had urethral bleeding and the other presented with acute urinary retention. In Tanzania, to the best of our knowledge, urethral prolapse as a cause of acute urine retention in girls has not been reported. The management is also ...
Mancao M Y - - 1996
Croup is an acute infectious illness usually occurring in children; it is characterized by brassy cough and stridor. The main pathogens include mainly parainfluenza and influenza viruses. Recently there have been reports of prolonged croup caused by the herpes simplex viruses. We report two cases of prolonged croup due to ...
Gordon J A - - 1995
The signs and symptoms of an acute retrobulbar hemorrhage include sudden ocular pain, explosive unilateral proptosis, limitation of extraocular movements and loss of vision. Retrobulbar hemorrhage is a well-described complication of retrobulbar anesthetic injection. We report an unusual case of a presumed acute retrobulbar hemorrhage following intraocular surgery which, on ...
Nikolaidis L A - - 1995
Acute pancreatitis as a manifestation of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) has been reported in the literature but the concept of causal relationship has been disputed. We report a case of acute pancreatitis where the presence of hypercalcemia led to the diagnosis of primary HPT. No other current risk factors for pancreatitis were ...
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