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Jackson G D - - 1988
A rare case of a combination of an accessory cardiac bronchus and a right tracheal bronchus found incidentally is presented, together with a discussion of the anatomy, embryology, and possible clinical ramifications of these anomalies. The incidence of these anomalies occurring in 2,000 tomographic studies of the chest at University ...
Freeman N J - - 1988
Cardiotoxicity manifested as myocardial ischemia is not generally recognized as a side effect of 5-fluorouracil. However, there have been at least 35 cases reported since 1975. In only one of these cases was a somewhat detailed evaluation done to rule out underlying coronary disease. The case reported here of 5-FU ...
Kaminski H J - - 1988
Three cases of congestive cardiomyopathy complicating the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are reported. In one case, acute cardiac decompensation resulted in prolonged but ultimately reversible cardiogenic shock. In the second case, clinical signs of cardiac disease were precipitated by acute renal failure and fluid overload. In the third, congestive ...
Fragomeni L S - - 1987
Three cases of gunshot wounds of the chest are reported, in each of which a bullet was retained within the heart. Although it is rare, the surgeon should consider this possibility if the missile overlies the cardiac silhouette on the plain chest radiograph. Fluoroscopy played an important part in confirming ...
Pai G K - - 1987
An 8-day-old female neonate was referred to pediatric surgical services for regurgitation of feeds since birth. Plain x-ray of the chest and abdomen with Ryle's tube in situ and contrast study confirmed the diagnosis of esophageal atresia at the cardiac end of the esophagus. The membrane at the cardiac end ...
Baid C S - - 1987
A 48 year old man with amoebic pericarditis did not improve after pericardiocentesis. Facilities for echocardiography and haemodynamic studies were not available. Cardiac compression was suspected and at emergency pericardiectomy subacute effusive constrictive amoebic pericarditis was found. The patient recovered. This is believed to be the first report of a ...
Amr S S - - 1987
A case of cardiac fibroma in a 58-year-old woman with a history of atrioventricular block is described. The patient died suddenly at home 6 days following the insertion of a pacemaker. Review of the pertinent literature is presented.
Chin A J - - 1987
Since reparative surgery without cardiac catheterization has been advocated for certain lesions such as total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), it is important to assess the accuracy of two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography in the prospective diagnosis of this lesion. Abandoning traditional cardiac catheterization and angiography would be justified only if all ...
Michelow B J - - 1987
In a current review of the literature regarding the management of patients with suspected penetrating cardiac injuries there appears to be no place for conservative management. Nine patients with penetrating cardiac injuries were successfully treated conservatively and are reported. This series aims to emphasize the point that there is a ...
Hodgson S - - 1987
We report a pedigree in which six males died of cardiac failure within the first eight months of life. These males were related through healthy females, as with X linked recessive inheritance. There was no consanguinity. None of the affected boys had an anatomical cardiac abnormality. In two affected brothers, ...
Bartolomei B - - 1987
Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a dominant inherited disorder which causes skeletal defects of the arms and heart disease. This report describes a 2-year-old child with HOS whose skeletal anomalies affected his functional capabilities and developmental sequence. A comprehensive evaluation of the child, which included radiographic, cardiac, gross and fine motor ...
Behan W M - - 1986
Approximately 70% of patients with dermatomyositis have evidence of cardiac damage; in one third of cases this affects principally or solely the conduction tissue. In infants similar histological lesions have been associated with a maternal autoantibody, anti-Ro, that crosses the placenta and produces congenital heart block. Anti-Ro antibody was detected ...
Pannizzo F - - 1986
The inability of cardiac pacemakers to selectively reject retrograde P waves limits the usefulness of dual-chamber pacemakers (because of the possibility of endless loop tachycardias) and of antitachycardia devices which use a dual-chamber sensing algorithm. In order to determine selective sensing parameters, amplitude, slew rate, and configuration of antegrade and ...
Polin K - - 1986
A case history of a seven-month-old girl arriving at the emergency department in cardiac arrest from an inhalation injury without venous access is described. The patient was resuscitated with endotracheal administration of epinephrine and atropine. A review of the literature of endotracheal administration of medications in pediatrics subsequently follows.
Kelly J K - - 1986
A case of fatal cardiac tamponade due to myxedema pericarditis is reported. The woman, a 54-year-old Christian Scientist, had never sought medical care and died at home. The pericardial sac occupied most of the thorax and contained 2,270 mL of fluid. A thick, shaggy, fibrinous exudate on the pericardium contained ...
Mazzola A - - 1986
Intracaval leiomyomatosis of uterine origin is a rare disease. Extension to the right heart is exceptional. Based on the review of 11 cases reported in the literature and the case presented herein, which was treated successfully, the diagnostic and therapeutic problems are discussed. Diagnosis should be suggested when a female ...
Dreyer L - - 1986
A case of primary liposarcoma of the right atrium is presented. Liposarcomas of the heart are extremely uncommon, only 3 previous cases having been reported in the English-language literature. The tumour must be differentiated from other polypoid cardiac tumours, particularly cardiac myxomas.
Shiono H - - 1986
A case is presented in which a 44-year-old man stabbed himself in the heart with a kitchen knife, then changed his bloody clothes, and ate lunch with his aunt, who did not notice the event. After 2 h he died of cardiac tamponade.
Swan G E - - 1986
The present article reports on the results of several comparisons between 45 adult males with diagnosed coronary heart disease (cases) and their wives and 50 adult males without coronary heart disease (noncases) and their wives recruited from the Western Collaborative Group Study. The California Psychological Inventory and a life satisfaction ...
Toriello H V - - 1986
We report on two brothers each with absent spleen, multiple cardiac defects, and varying degrees of situs inversus. One brother also had omphalocele; the other also had annular pancreas. These findings are consistent with a diagnosis of polyasplenia, a complex developmental field defect affecting visceral and cardiac situs, with associated ...
Nugent S - - 1986
Cardiac conduction abnormalities and hypertension developed in a patient who ingested approximately 500 mg of baclofen (Lioresal). The patient also exhibited the more common features of baclofen overdose including coma, respiratory depression, hypotonia, and hyporeflexia. A review of the literature and a discussion of the interesting manifestations and treatment of ...
Holmes J R - - 1986
The paper describes five cases of atrial fibrillation detected after racing. In four of them, the arrhythmia disappeared spontaneously within 24 h and they were regarded as paroxysmal in type. In the fifth case, which won its race, the arrhythmia persisted for at least 45 h after racing. It was ...
Jacoby S S - - 1985
Two cases in which Doppler and cross-sectional echocardiography demonstrated intracardiac shunts acquired by stab wounds to the heart are reported. These cases demonstrate the utility of these noninvasive methods in assessing the anatomic residua of penetrating cardiac injuries. In particular, the value of Doppler echocardiography in detecting lesions that are ...
Seedat Y K - - 1985
This report describes a case of severe acidosis with cardiac failure due to alcohol in a black man. Treatment with parenteral thiamine produced a prompt response. Thiamine deficiency should be recognized as an important cause of lactic acidosis.
Reid C O - - 1985
Extra-cardiac rhabdomyoma is a rare, benign neoplasm of skeletal muscle origin which occurs predominantly in the head and neck region, mainly in the oral cavity. This article reports a rhabdomyoma (adult type) in the floor of the mouth in a 39 year-old man. The detailed histological features are presented and ...
Grinfeld R - - 1985
Left atrial aneurysm is a rare condition. Only 29 cases have been reported, to our knowledge. We report 1 such case in a 24-year-old man who complained of dyspnea and arrhythmias. Diagnosis was suspected on review of chest roentgenogram and confirmed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. Surgical repair was achieved ...
Cammarosano C - - 1985
Autopsy findings in 41 patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) were reviewed. Major pathologic findings in the heart were demonstrated in 10 cases, and metastatic Kaposi's sarcoma in either the epicardium or myocardium was revealed in 4 cases, including 1 with additional fibrinous pericarditis. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis with embolization ...
Lubliner J - - 1985
Two patients survived after emergency surgery for cardiac tamponade which was caused by a central venous catheter perforating the right atrium and the right ventricle. A review of the literature shows 19 reported cases with only two survivals. The possible causes and guidelines for safer use of central venous catheters ...
Bergfeldt L - - 1984
The histologic features of the cardiac lesions in HLA-B27-associated heart disease were examined in three cases that illustrate different nuances of the clinical spectrum of this disorder. One of these cases constitutes an important link between the previously established concept of cardiac manifestations in ankylosing spondylitis and Reiter's disease and ...
Damp M H - - 1984
A 29-year-old man with post-traumatic cardiac tamponade resulting from the development of a tension pneumopericardium is described. To our knowledge this is the first such case reported in the literature.
Saunders C E - - 1984
We report a case of a 78-year-old woman, previously in good health, who was endotracheally intubated and brought to the emergency department following sudden cardiac arrest. Physical examination revealed absent breath sounds over the right hemithorax, and a portable chest radiograph demonstrated left mainstem bronchus intubation. Although right mainstem bronchus ...
Collier P E - - 1984
A case of acute cardiac tamponade caused by an internal jugular central venous catheter which was successfully treated is reported. The English literature is reviewed and shows that tamponade can occur up to 37 days after insertion and has a 65% mortality. The tamponade is usually caused by the actual ...
Henderson W A - - 1984
A case history is presented of a three-year-old boy with unsuspected Duchenne muscular dystrophy, who suffered a cardiac arrest following the administration of a single dose of succinylcholine during a halothane anaesthetic. The arrest was associated with lack of fasciculations, muscle rigidity, hyperkalemia, myoglobinuria, and massive elevation of serum creatine ...
Scalapino J N - - 1984
Chronic tophaceous gout has become less common since the introduction of allopurinol and probenecid. Cardiac tophi have rarely been reported. In this article, we report a case of severe mitral stenosis in which valvular tophi played a major role in the pathogenesis. The case was well substantiated by echocardiography, surgical ...
Robinson P J - - 1984
A case of congenital aneurysm of the left atrial appendage is presented and previously reported cases are reviewed. The diagnosis can be strongly suspected with the combination of an unusually prominent left heart border in the chest X-ray and two-dimensional echocardiographic findings of a large echo-free space close to the ...
Barrowcliffe M P - - 1984
This case report describes a patient who sustained a laceration of the hepatic artery during external cardiac massage, a complication which has not previously been reported. The spleen was also damaged. The importance of recognising complications such as haemorrhage from injured abdominal viscera is emphasised and the literature relating to ...
Nicolaou N - - 1984
A case of acute cardiac tamponade due to perforation of a benign gastric ulcer into the pericardium is presented. A high index of suspicion, early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention resulted in a favourable outcome in this otherwise uniformly fatal condition.
Mizuno A - - 1983
During the past 3 decades, surgical treatment was performed on 75 cases with chronic exsudative or constrictive pericarditis, except for cases suffered from malignant tumor or trauma. Among 7 cases with chronic exsudative pericarditis, 5 underwent pericardiectomy and 2 had a fenestration of the pericardium. As for constrictive pericarditis, pericardiectomy ...
Mayock R - - 1983
Serogroup 1 Legionella pneumophila was isolated from the pericardial fluid of a nonimmunosuppressed patient with pulmonary infiltrates, cardiac tamponade, and histologic evidence of pericarditis. This is the first reported case in which the association of L. pneumophila infection and pericarditis has been proved by growth of the organism from pericardial ...
Reece I J - - 1983
A cardiac stab wound is an uncommon and potentially lethal injury. With appropriate treatment, better than 90% of those admitted alive will survive. This paper outlines the presentation and management of patients with cardiac stab wounds, based on the experience of the Glasgow Royal Infirmary and a review of the ...
Saris S - - 1983
A right parietal lobe metastasis of a fibrosarcoma originating in the left atrium of the heart was resected twice in a 33-year-old man. Light microscopy showed lightly packed, pleomorphic spindle cells with abundant collagen production and an alcian blue-positive matrix. Electron microscopy confirmed the fibroblastic character of these cells. Review ...
Martin J L - - 1983
The clinical course and echocardiographic and hemodynamic derangements in a case of uterine leiomyosarcoma metastatic to the heart are discussed. The literature on cardiac metastasis in general and cardiac involvement by leiomyosarcoma in particular is reviewed. Although the presentation of cardiac tumors is highly variable and the diagnosis is usually ...
Chen K T - - 1983
The clinicopathologic features of a case of cardiac tamponade as the initial presentation of extracardiac malignancy is reported and compared with those of previously reported cases. The lung was the site of the primary tumor in 58% of the cases. Irrespective of the sites of the primary tumor, mediastinal involvement ...
McCune G S - - 1983
Three cases of perinatal paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia are described. In two patients the tachycardia was present prior to delivery; in the third baby, who also had the Wolf-Parkinson-White Syndrome, the time of onset of tachycardia is not known. The risks of this condition to the foetus are largely unknown but ...
Serlo W S - - 1983
Mediastinal masses in children younger than 2 years often cause symptoms from tracheal compression, but clinical indications later in childhood are less frequent. Mediastinal teratomata arise in the anterior region, and when they produce symptoms these are usually manifestations of tracheal compression, pain, pleural perforation or secondary infection of the ...
Mazzucco A - - 1983
Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare cardiac malformation, usually diagnosed incidentally at operation or necropsy. We report the case of a 5-month-old infant, severely symptomatic, who underwent correction of a highly obstructive cor triatriatum dexter, with multiple anomalies of the systemic venous return and a large interatrial communication. This appears ...
Krone A - - 1983
Autonomic dysfunction is a common feature in various forms of polyradiculoneuropathy. This study investigated the kinds and frequency of of autonomic dysfunction in 106 cases. Denervation insufficiency of organs associated with supersensitivity of reflex mechanisms was found to be the best explanation of the pathophysiology. Early insertion of a transient ...
Sevitz H - - 1982
Six consecutive cases of non-immunological hydrops fetalis (NIHF) seen by the authors over a 3-year period are presented. Two cases were due to haematological causes and 3 to cardiac anomalies; in 1 case trisomy-21 with a possible associated cardiac anomaly was present. No infant survived. On the basis of this ...
Nagata K - - 1982
A case of a 66-year-old male with rhabdomyosarcoma of the right ventricle who presented first with a pleuritic chest pain and later developed congestive heart failure with A-V block is described. The total period of the disease was about 9 months. At autopsy the right ventricle and wall were found ...
Weiss I S - - 1982
An 18-year-old woman suffered cardiac arrest and became comatose after ingesting a large amount of proxyphene and salicylates. Six days after admission, her pupils, initially miotic, became fixed and dilated. On the seventh day disc edema developed. This was due to optic neuritis from acute Darvon overdose. Within eight weeks ...
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