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Results 351 - 400 of 494
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Perticone F - - 1993
A case of QT interval prolongation with ventricular tachycardia and torsade de pointes is reported. Arrhythmias occurred in a baby with persistent 2:1 atrioventricular block and long QT interval 2 days after birth and were self-limiting. No structural cardiac defect was present. Serum levels of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium ...
Ozen H - - 1993
Nitroimidazoles have been used alone or in combination with other antibacterial agents in the treatment of brain abscess. They are associated with certain adverse reactions related primarily to the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system. But, as far as we know, cardiac arrest due to ornidazole has not been reported ...
Narang R - - 1993
Cardiac amyloidosis can have varied clinical presentations, but it uncommonly leads to typical angina. The exact cause of ischaemia in this condition is not known, though various mechanisms have been postulated. We describe here a case of cardiac amyloidosis, proven by endomyocardial biopsy, which presented as ischaemic heart disease, and ...
Timmermans C - - 1993
Two cases of orthostatic dyspnea and arterial desoxygenation, as a postpneumonectomy complication, are reported. In one patient, echocardiography and cardiac catheterization revealed the presence of an atrial septal aneurysm, which has never been described in association with the platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome. The other case illustrates that, despite actual technical possibilities, clinical ...
Cartagena A M - - 1993
In the absence of hydrops or sepsis, a pericardial effusion is a rare occurrence in the neonate. We report a case of a neonate with a pericardial effusion in which there was an associated intracardiac hemangioma. Our literature review found 32 cases of pericardial effusion without hydrops in infants under ...
Sudduth E J - - 1992
Phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala species is an unusual infection, but it has been reported with increasing frequency as immunosuppressive therapy has become more widespread and laboratory methods for diagnosis have improved. To our knowledge, the first case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Exophiala jeanselmei in a cardiac transplant patient is ...
Mester S W - - 1992
Gaucher's disease, a familial inborn error of metabolism associated with hepatosplenomegaly and hypersplenism, was first described by Earnest Gaucher in 1882. By 1959, Hsia found published reports on more than 300 cases. Most reports mentioned the bleeding tendencies of patients with Gaucher's, but show that major hemorrhagic complications are rare. ...
Stamato N J - - 1992
We report the use of a steerable hydrophilic guidewire for permanent pacemaker implantation. This wire, previously used for peripheral vascular and cardiac angiography, is able to be steered and passed in many situations when a standard guidewire cannot be used. We report three cases where the standard J-tipped guidewire could ...
Blum A - - 1992
Scorpion envenomation is quite common in India, southeast Asia, the U.S. southwest, and Israel (in the Negev and around Jerusalem). Yellow scorpion is considered the most dangerous scorpion that causes cardiac toxicity. Two patients are described, who lived in a nonendemic area of yellow scorpions and were envenomated by the ...
Nottestad S Y SY Department of Internal Medicine, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, - - 1992
A case of loculated pericardial effusion diagnosed by chest roentgenogram and subsequent echocardiogram is presented. This effusion was unusual in its late appearance after thoracotomy and its discrete location which resulted in hemodynamic embarrassment. Subsequent cultures demonstrated an infected pericardial space and septicemia.
Sgarbossa E - - 1992
Over the past year, many studies have reported progress in cardiac pacing. Better understanding of the cardiovascular and neuroendocrinologic physiology and sophisticated technologic advances have contributed to the development of new therapeutic approaches. In this review, we discuss the relevant literature on temporary pacing, physiologic mechanisms involved during pacing, the ...
Smolle-Juettner F M - - 1992
A case of intracardiac malpositioning of a sternoclavicular Kirschner pin is reported. After an uneventful closed wire-fixation of sternoclavicular subluxation and a normal postanesthetic recovery, a 17-year-old male patient developed opacification of the right hemithorax and signs of internal bleeding. The lateral chest roentgenogram showed one fixation wire protruding deeply ...
Badui E - - 1991
The authors present a case of a thirty-nine-year-old white man in good health who developed episodes of ventricular tachycardia as a first manifestation of a right ventricular myxoma, which was diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiogram and then resected with no complications and total disappearance of the cardiac arrhythmia. After reviewing the ...
Fyfe D A - - 1991
Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated six instances of venous thrombus formation in the inferior vena cava, right atrium and caval-pulmonary anastomosis region in four children after a modified Fontan operation. Transthoracic surface echocardiography failed to identify these thrombi in five of the six cases because of the posterior location of the thrombus ...
Abrunzo T J - - 1991
Two cases of blunt chest trauma caused by a baseball are reported, including one death. At least one of these was in consequence of cardiac concussion or commotio cordis, an entity not described in teh pediatric literature. Concussion of the heart is a functional injury, in contrast to cardiac contusion ...
Kachalia P - - 1991
We present our observation of the sonographic appearance of the septum primum and septum secundum. The septum primum, as the valve of the foramen ovale, has been previously described as a mobile, echogenic line or dot in the left atrium. We believe that these previous descriptions recognize only a small ...
Galer B S - - 1991
Ergotamine tartrate and methysergide are widely used headache treatments with important vasoconstrictive properties. We report a 31-year-old man with cluster headaches who developed severe, prolonged myocardial ischemia following combination therapy with ergotamine tartrate and methysergide. We reviewed the cardiovascular complications of each agent alone and in combination. Given the pharmacologic ...
Hirokawa M - - 1991
A case of necrotizing fasciitis caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci is reported. A 66-year-old man was admitted because of pain and swelling in the right buttock. Rapid application of aspiration cytology made it possible to diagnose necrotizing fasciitis with bacterial infection. Unfortunately, however, the patient died of cardiac arrest due to ...
Davies D - - 1991
The number of disorders attributable to asbestos exposure has increased gradually over the years. The latest to be recorded is pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis, and three cases are reported here. A man with bilateral pleural thickening and plaques developed acute pericarditis and an effusion and was treated by pericardiectomy. ...
Doig J C - - 1991
A 36 year old woman had emergency pericardectomy because of subacute effusive-constrictive pericarditis. The pericardial fluid and tissue culture showed that this was caused by infection with Salmonella enteritidis. Cardiac involvement with salmonella does not usually present in such an aggressive manner and it has not previously been reported to ...
Martin-Reay D G - - 1991
The authors report a case of Carney's complex (the complex of myxomas, spotty pigmentation, and endocrine overactivity) in a 32-year-old white man. Psammomatous melanotic schwannoma has recently been included as a component of this disorder. The complex was recognized after a psammomatous melanotic schwannoma was resected from the sacral canal. ...
Binotto M A - - 1991
The association of a partitioned left atrium (cor triatriatum) and tetralogy of Fallot has been reported a few times in the literature. In all of these cases, there was no clinical evidence of an obstructive lesion in the left heart, raising difficulties in establishing the proper diagnosis. We call attention ...
Nichols W C - - 1991
Senile cardiac amyloidosis, also known as senile systemic amyloidosis, is a sporadic disease of late onset but with increasing incidence with age. Recently it has been shown in one case that amyloid deposits contained a transthyretin variant with an isoleucine for valine substitution at position 122. A second case with ...
Shisslak C M - - 1991
A literature review of the relationship between bulimia and affective disorder showed that the evidence from empirical research and case report studies suggests that a sizeable subgroup of bulimics suffer from bipolar disorder as well as bulimia and may benefit from antimanic medications such as lithium. A case report is ...
Anjos R - - 1991
We present a patient in whom the heart was right-sided, with usual atrial position, absence of the right-sided atrioventricular connexion, and a single outlet via the aorta from a dominant morphologically right ventricle. We use the case to illustrate potential problems in the terminology as used to describe the absence ...
Nerlich A - - 1991
We report on three cases of acardia, all of which had to be classified as acardius anceps. The degree of cardiac malformation ranged between a completely missing heart and a malrotation of a relatively well-developed heart. One fetus showed an intermediate form of cardiac malformation with a hypoplastic cor triloculare. ...
Lexow K - - 1991
This report describes a severely hypothermic victim, who was treated with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation and conventional rewarming technique using warm-water bags, warm fluids intravenously and peritoneal lavage. This case demonstrates more than any previous report that hypothermic victims with cardiac arrest may survive for many hours if CPR is carried ...
Fife T D - - 1991
Pericardial actinomycosis is rare and frequently goes unrecognized during life, a circumstance due in part to a paucity of clinical manifestations and to a low rate of positivity in cultures. We present a case report of pericardial actinomycosis and a review of 18 other cases reported in the literature since ...
Harding C O - - 1990
Cardiac rhabdomyoma, a rare benign tumor often detected in infancy, is frequently associated with tuberous sclerosis. This association is commonly stated to occur in 50% of all cases of cardiac rhabdomyoma. Recently at our institution, the prenatal detection of a cardiac rhabdomyoma in a fetus at no known risk for ...
Bengur A R - - 1990
In a cyanotic newborn infant, the diagnosis of double outlet left ventricle was made from the two-dimensional echocardiographic examination. The diagnosis was later confirmed at cardiac catheterization and surgery. The parasternal and subcostal views were especially useful for identification of the origin of both great arteries from the morphologic left ...
Knouse M C - - 1990
Hematogenous nocardial endophthalmitis is a rare but devastating infection. Of a total of 10 cases (one described for the first time and nine reported previously in the English-language literature), the lung appeared to be the primary focus of infection in eight (80%). Six (60%) of the cases occurred in individuals ...
Howanitz E P - - 1990
Blunt chest trauma resulting in combined aortic disruption and cardiac rupture, although a common autopsy finding, was found reported only once previously in a surviving patient. We report two cases repaired through a left posterolateral thoracotomy in which the cardiac injury was unsuspected and presented as an intraoperative finding of ...
Hoorntje J C - - 1989
A case of herniation of the left atrial auricle through a partial congenital pericardial defect is presented. The main symptoms were short periods of syncope that were not related to the presence of an incidental type II Wenckebach block. Intravenous digital subtraction angiography established the diagnosis and is regarded as ...
Timperley A J - - 1989
A case is reported in which cardiac arrest immediately followed the use of hydrogen peroxide during preparation of the femoral canal during hip arthroplasty. The most likely cause of the arrest was thought to be oxygen embolism. The authors suggest that the use of peroxide in an unvented femoral canal ...
Cimino J J - - 1989
Constrictive pericarditis after cardiac surgery is a rare phenomenon occurring with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.3%. To date only 158 cases have been reported in the world literature. Symptoms include dyspnea (81%), chest pain (34%), and fatigue (29%). Peripheral edema (90%) and an elevated jugular venous pressure (86%) were ...
Rusk K M - - 1989
This article reviews the cardiac manifestations of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (AIDS) as reported in the literature. These abnormalities were examined with regard to incidence, clinical presentation, and possible etiologies. Review of the literature revealed that cardiac abnormalities occur frequently in persons with AIDS; involve the heart valves, myocardium, and ...
Konttinen Y T - - 1989
A patient with alkaptonuria and ochronotic pigment deposited in articular cartilage and sclerae clinically manifested a serious osteoarthritis of the peripheral and axial joints and synchondrosis, typically involved in long lasting cases of this hereditary defect of homogentisic acid oxidase. This is the first patient with this disorder reported, where ...
Chua S O - - 1989
Hepatoma with cardiac metastasis is difficult to diagnose antemortem. Herein we describe five cases of hepatoma with intracardiac metastasis detected with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). The clinical presentations include cardiac murmur, syncope, and chest pain. The 2DE demonstrated a right atrial (RA) mass in each case and the presence of tumor ...
Gerlis L M - - 1989
Anomalous courses of the left innominate vein have rarely been described in anatomical specimens. Investigative techniques such as angiography and echocardiography have brought to light more instances of this anomaly. Three more cases identified by anatomical study are described. Earlier cases were reviewed to assess the type of associated cardiac ...
Domingo C - - 1989
Legionnella often causes systemic manifestations. The clinical spectrum now includes cardiac legionnellosis. The first case of pericardial effusion was reported in September, 1981. To date, few additional cases have been reported. We hereby report a case of asymptomatic pericardial effusion with simultaneous pulmonary involvement. Pericardial involvement, if sought, would probably ...
Pigman E C - - 1989
A case report is related of an elderly patient with metastatic carcinoma who presented to the emergency department with mental status change and ultimately proved to have cardiac tamponade. All of the classic cardiovascular signs of this condition were obscured by chronic beta-blocker therapy and concurrent hypovolemia. A discussion of ...
Dusaj I S - - 1989
Four cases of pericardial effusion diagnosed by echocardiography are reported. While one of the four cases was referred for echocardiography with a diagnosis of pericardial effusion, the other three patients were selected for echocardiography on the basis of cardiomegaly demonstrated in plain x-ray chest examination. Real time echocardiography was considered ...
McFadden D E - - 1989
Few conditions associated with nonimmune hydrops fetalis have had a demonstrable causal relationship. Congenital heart disease is often said to be a cause of nonimmune hydrops fetalis and antenatal closure of the foramen ovale is the cardiac abnormality most frequently reported in association with hydrops. In order to examine the ...
Knottenbelt J D - - 1989
Two cases of tension pneumopericardium following stab wounds to the chest are reported. The first presented with delayed onset respiratory distress and a precordial systolic murmur, and was treated by thoracotomy. The second presented with acute cardiac tamponade and was treated by needle aspiration. The clinical and radiological features of ...
Baggish M S - - 1989
Five women undergoing endometrial ablation with the Nd-YAG laser developed sudden gas embolism. In each case laser intrauterine contact surgery was carried out utilizing coaxial fibers with (three cases) and without (two cases) artificial sapphire tips but commonly cooled by air or nitrogen. Four of the five women died in ...
White J B - - 1988
Cardiac tamponade is an uncommon problem in a district general hospital. Three patients were admitted to the intensive therapy unit at Northampton General Hospital with tamponade in a 7-week period, each with a different underlying aetiology. Their case histories are presented and the management in the light of these described. ...
Vallance P J - - 1988
We report a case of localised pericardial constriction leading to right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Localised pericardial constriction is rare, but the diagnosis should be considered in patients who present with recurrent pericardial constriction following previous partial pericardiectomy. Close attention to physical findings may enable the diagnosis to be made ...
Mozena J D - - 1988
The authors review congestive heart failure and present a case report. The basic signs, symptoms, and treatment modalities are discussed in order to provide more complete knowledge of a condition commonly seen by the podiatrist. Interaction between the family physician and the podiatric physician create the necessary team to deal ...
Pierpont M E - - 1988
Familial recurrence risks for congenital cardiac malformations have been estimated at 1 to 4%, but little is known of recurrence risks for uncommon congenital cardiac malformations. This study determined the incidence of congenital cardiac malformations in relatives of patients with either truncus arteriosus (TA) or interruption of the aortic arch ...
Lin A E - - 1988
Cardiac abnormalities are potentially important features of neurofibromatosis (NF), but they are rarely discussed in this regard. Several literature reviews have suggested that congenital heart defects (CHD) occur with increased frequency in NF, and several isolated case reports have described hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with NF. However, it is not clear ...
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