Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 496
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Samujh Ram - - 2004
Rhabdomyoma is a rare benign tumour, majority arising from the cardiac muscle. Seventy to 90 percent of extra cardiac rhabdomyomas are found in the head and neck region, usually within the upper aero digestive tract. We report a case of rhabdomyoma of anterior neck in a neonate. Although rhabdomyomas of ...
Türk E E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Falls from height are contributing widely to population morbidity and mortality, especially in urban settings. The presence of blunt cardiac injuries can increase morbidity among these patients, leading even to death. Some clinical studies and case reports have been published on the subject, but a systematic autopsy-based approach to ...
Almehmi Ammar - - 2004
Torsade de pointes (TdP) is a life threatening cardiac arrhythmia that is typically associated with prolongation of the QT interval. A wide variety of nonantiarrthymic medications may trigger TdP in patients with prolonged QT interval, only a few reports have described an association between TdP and methadone. We report a ...
Trevett T N TN - - 2004
Constriction of the ductus arteriosus in the fetus is well studied, but mostly secondary to maternal exposure to indomethacin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, or structural cardiac lesions. We present a case of a fetus presenting with right ventricular hypertrophy secondary to an S-shaped ductus arteriosus with distal constriction diagnosed ...
Ekinci E I - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiac myxoma is a rare but important cause of stroke, which affects young people. More recently the diagnosis has been enhanced by the use of echocardiograms. We aimed to review the neurological presentations, including stroke, of cardiac myxoma in this modern era of diagnosis and management. METHODS: ...
Verunelli Francesco - - 2004
Cardiac hemangiomas are exceptionally rare tumors with an incidence of 1 to 3% of all detected benign heart neoplasms. We report 2 cases of left atrial hemangioma of which only one associated with clinical symptoms such as dyspnea and palpitations. Two years following surgical excision of the tumors, there was ...
Doven Oben - - 2004
This case report describes three hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with abnormal His-Purkinje conduction and complete atrioventricular block with attacks of syncope and cardiopulmonary arrest. Although arrhythmias are common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, complete atrioventricular block is very rare. Prolonged QRS duration and abnormal His-Purkinje system conduction may result in complete atrioventricular block.
Chen H-W - - 2004
Computed tomographic virtual cardioscopy was used to provide clear and precise visualisation of a myxoma with a stalk arising from the interatrial septum. This technique permits the safe, reliable, and non-invasive diagnosis of intracardiac lesions. This case is presented to assist the cardiovascular surgeon in preoperative planning or in developing ...
Tassone Heather - - 2004
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis is an uncommon disorder seen primarily in Asian males and caused by excessive thyroid hormones. This is an endocrine emergency that can lead to respiratory failure, dysrhythmia, and death. The mainstay of therapy has been potassium replacement, however, recent evidence suggests propranolol is a more effective therapy. ...
Vesna Djokić - - 2004
The case of a 20-year-old female prisoner who died due to cardiac tamponade caused by a swallowed sewing needle migration is reported. According to the autopsy report and complete analysis of medical records, the migration of the swallowed needle was reconstructed: from esophagus and stomach, through diaphragm and pericardium up ...
Rubinstein Jack - - 2004
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) identifies a rare group of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system that share clinical features of sensory and motor defects, but rarely affect cardiac function. The few references that relate CMT to cardiac pathology of any sort are so rare that their finding was considered either fortuitous ...
Chen Shih-Pin - - 2004
We report a patient with cardiac cephalalgia and review reported cases from the English-language literature based on the new diagnostic criteria published in the International Classification of Headache Disorders, ed 2. Twenty-two patients, including ours, with headaches of cardiac origin were reviewed. The cases fit three of the four new ...
Katis Peter G - - 2004
In-flight medical emergencies are uncommon, generally non-lethal events. In fatal cases, the most common cause of death is a sudden cardiac event. This fact, and the awareness that early defibrillation is the most important determinant of successful cardiac resuscitation, have led to the increasing availability of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) ...
Bhattacharyya Pallab K - - 2004
Recent studies have shown that in certain cases, cardiac and respiratory rate fluctuations in BOLD-weighted MRI time courses may be an artifact unique to rapid sampled acquisitions and may not be present in longer repetition-time acquisitions. The implication of this is that, in these cases, cardiac and respiratory rate fluctuations ...
Valentine C - - 2003
The use of the subxiphoid pericardial window (SPW) in evaluating stable patients with cardiac proximity injuries is presented in a short case series. There were 11 patients with four positive and seven negative SPW. There was one false positive and no false negatives. Review of the literature on the use ...
Cekirdekci A - - 2003
Ingested sharp-pointed foreign bodies can cause serious complications. A case of a 16-year-old girl with cardiac tamponade due to ingestion of a sewing needle is presented. Ingested needles have often been reported as a cause of gastrointestinal injuries but in this rare case the sewing needle actually migrated into the ...
Kaminaga Tatsuro - - 2003
The aim of this study was to review the role of MRI in the assessment of heart neoplasm, 25 cases with heart neoplasm (10 myxoma, 6 rhabdomyoma, 5 angiosarcoma, 2 mesothelioma, 1 lymphoma, and 1 fibroma) were examined with MRI and echocardiography. Multislice T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo images and static ...
Rizzo Anne G - - 2003
Prolonged open sternotomy is a well-known phenomenon in the pediatric and adult cardiac surgery literature. It is usually an adjuvant in the treatment of a severely compromised heart. We present a case of thoracic compartment syndrome that developed postoperatively from a noncardiac thoracic procedure. Management, diagnosis, and literature review are ...
Fredriksson Martin - - 2003
The objective of this study was to systematically review studies on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest published according to the Utstein guidelines to describe the variability in factors of resuscitation and outcome. Articles that reported primary data on survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Utstein style were included. Forty-seven articles were ...
Bingham Jonathan L - - 2003
Penetrating cardiac chest trauma can be associated with a high degree of mortality. Prognostic factors that favor a high survival rate include OR thoracotomy vs. ER thoracotomy, prompt resuscitation, fast transport, urgent diagnostic study, and immediate surgery. Cardiac tamponade, in some cases, may lessen the amount of hemorrhage. Reported is ...
Al-Zubairy Sulaiman A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of post-cardiac surgery-induced chylothorax treated with octreotide and review the literature on octreotide efficacy. CASE SUMMARY: A 5-month-old boy with Down syndrome was admitted for atrioventricular canal repair. On admission, he was taking captopril and furosemide. On postoperative day 4, he exhibited signs of chest ...
Fergusson D M - - 2003
AIMS: To examine the associations between the use of cannabis and arrest/conviction for cannabis related offences. METHODS: Data on cannabis use and arrests/convictions for cannabis related offences were gathered during the course of a 21-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of Christchurch (New Zealand) born children (N=983). Information on ...
Sardana Rajnish - - 2003
This report describes a patient with d-TGA post Mustard repair who presents with atrial arrhythmias. Two distinct intraatrial reentrant tachycardias were discovered and successful catheter ablation was performed in a unique atrial location not previously described. This case also explores the use of magnetic electroanatomic mapping in guiding catheter ablation.
Wang Yuanhong - - 2003
Although atrial myxoma is the most common primary tumor of the heart, the synchronous occurrence of myxomas of the intestine and the heart has not been reported in the English literature. We report a case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with small bowel obstruction by a pedunculated mass that ...
Inagaki Takuji - - 2003
Pericardial effusion has recently been reported as a complication of anorexia nervosa. A distinct pathophysiological cause of it could not be revealed. In some reports, there was a probable correlation between weight gain and reduction of pericardial effusion in anorexia nervosa cases. We encountered a case in which pericardial effusion ...
Ossiani Mohamad H - - 2003
Primary idiopathic chylopericardium is rare and represents a fraction of all pericardial effusions in the pediatric population. Most cases of chylopericardium occur as a complication of cardiac surgery or after trauma. They may also be caused by tuberculosis, neoplasm, or congenital lymphangiomatosis. Primary idiopathic chylopericardium is a rare disease with ...
Azancot A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the possible underlying etiologies and outcome in isolated fetal pericardial effusion. METHODS: Doppler fetal echocardiography allowed the diagnosis of pericardial effusion in three patients and revealed the etiology in two. RESULTS: We present the findings in three cases of isolated pericardial effusion. In the ...
Fraipont Vincent - - 2003
Thrombolysis has been recently reported for the treatment of unsuccessful out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This case report presents the first case of mediastinal hematoma following thrombolysis in this setting. Chest X-ray and hemodynamic pattern mimicked pericardial effusion with cardiac-filling compromise. Diagnosis was established by transesophageal echocardiography and chest computerized tomodensitometry.
Walker Gregor M - - 2003
There have been few reports of the use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) to provide cardiac support in children with low cardiac output as a result of arrhythmias. We present two patients in whom venoarterial ECLS was used to provide support for cardiogenic shock secondary to intractable supraventricular tachycardia. In ...
Tabry Imad - - 2003
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is not uncommon in the adult population undergoing cardiac surgery. Although usually innocent, PFO can cause severe hypoxemia, which can be reversed only by surgical or interventional interruption of the interatrial right-to-left shunt. Such a case is presented, and the diagnosis and pathophysiology are discussed.
Bång Angela - - 2003
AIM: One of the objectives of this study was to assess the emergency medical dispatchers (EMDs) ability for the identification and prioritisation of cardiac arrest (CA) cases, and offering and achievements of dispatcher-assisted bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The other objective was to give an account of the frequency of agonal ...
Munro P T - - 2002
A case is described of torsade de pointes in a 41 year old woman with pre-existing QTc prolongation, potentially exacerbated by treatment with sotalol. Previous cardiac investigations had been normal and after a second episode of ventricular fibrillation the patient was referred for electrophysiological studies. The authors review the physiology, ...
Nowlen Todd T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, cause, and outcome of central venous catheter (CVC)-related pericardial effusions (PCE) in infants. METHODS: A retrospective case review was conducted of CVC-related PCE at university and private neonatal intensive care units. Data from our cases were combined with published case reports and included clinical ...
Teixeira Ricardo Alkmim - - 2002
Chloroquine has been widely used in rheumatological treatment, but potential severe side effects require careful follow-up. Cardiac damage is not a common consequence, but its clinical relevance has not yet been described. We report the case of a 58-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis, in whom chronic chloroquine use resulted in ...
Bruning Roland - - 2002
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate feasibility and safety of CT-fluoroscopy in the drainage of pericardial effusion in cases not accessible by sonography. METHODS: Eleven drainages were performed in Seldinger-technique under CT-fluoroscopy on eight patients suffering from pericardial effusion. The inclusion criterion was a sonographically ...
Fitzgerald Daniel J - - 2002
Hemofiltration used in conjunction with cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was first reported in 1976. Since then, the technology has been routinely used in this context. This review attempts to restate the basic principles governing hemofiltration, the strategies or timing of the use of the technology, and the indications. ...
Uechi Yoichi - - 2002
Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is recognized in cases of Williams syndrome and in sporadic cases not associated with other features of the syndrome. It is also well recognized as associated with peripheral pulmonary stenosis (PPS). A male patient was diagnosed as having PPS at the age of 1 year and ...
Nattel Stanley - - 2002
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a very common clinical problem, and presently available treatment options are suboptimal. A tremendous amount has been learned over the past 10 years about the atrial substrates that support sustained AF at the tissue, ionic and molecular levels. This understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying AF ...
Atilgan Dursun - - 2002
Although diagnostic value of transthoracic echocardiography in cardiac echinococcus is well established, the role of transesophageal echocardiography in both the diagnosis and the management of this entity is not well known. We present 3 unusual cases of cardiac hydatid cyst in which transesophageal echocardiography was used. A review of the ...
Misra Dolly - - 2002
Myotonic dystrophy (MyD) is a common genetic neuromuscular disorder in which chromosome 19 gives rise to an abnormal expansion of CTG-trinucleotide repeats. MyD is a highly variable multisystem disorder with muscular and nonmuscular abnormalities. Increasingly, endocrine abnormalities, such as gonadal, pancreatic, and adrenal dysfunction are being uncovered. Herein we present ...
Marrocco-Trischitta Massimiliano M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Polidocanol sclerotherapy is a well-established therapeutic modality for the treatment of venous malformations. Systemic complications are extremely rare. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of cardiac complication after polidocanol injection of peripheral venous malformation. METHODS: A case report and a review of the English language literature using a published MEDLINE ...
Pipitone Salvatore - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma is very rare; despite the fact that many cases and series have been reported, the clinical presentation, the natural history and the frequency with which this pathology is associated with tuberous sclerosis complex are not well determined. The aim of this investigation was to study the ...
Toda Riichiro - - 2002
This report describes the case of a 16-year-old boy who underwent surgical treatment of a cardiac malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). He was admitted to our hospital for exertional dyspnea. An ultracardiogram (UCG) revealed a tumor about 10cm in diameter, in the left atrium. Extirpation of the left atrial tumor, including ...
Isbister G K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of symptomatic bradycardia and hypotension that resulted from the therapeutic use of citalopram and to review any previous reports in the literature, from the manufacturer, and the Australian Drug Reaction Advisory Committee (ADRAC). CASE SUMMARY: A 60-year-old white woman who had been taking citalopram 20 ...
Stefani M - - 2001
The present article reports the histological study of the conduction system in 2 cases of cardiac amyloidosis. The discrepant anatomical and clinical evidence yet confirmed the need for accurate ECG controls in all cases. Indeed, while in the first case evident lesions of the conduction system were revealed by surface ...
Flaherty G T - - 2001
Pathologic specimens acquired by anatomy departments may be of fundamental anatomical and clinical interest. In this report we describe a true aneurysm of the left ventricle and we review the relevant clinical records of the patient. A detailed review of the literature on ventricular aneurysms is presented with emphasis on ...
Machado-Atias I - - 2001
Numerous investigations have addressed the most appropriate anatomical structures to be used for the identification of segmental arrangement ("situs"). Variations from normal have been termed "heterotaxy syndromes". The assumption is frequently made that, in such instances, all the organs in a given individual case follow the same rules for segmental ...
Darvishian F - - 2001
Papillary fibroelastoma is the most common primary cardiac valvular tumor. Historically, papillary fibroelastoma was an incidental autopsy finding, deemed to have no clinical significance. More recently, reports of symptomatic cases of papillary fibroelastoma with complications such as myocardial infarction and stroke have led papillary fibroelastoma to be considered a potentially ...
Saunders R N - - 2001
Congenital anomalies of the superior vena cava are rare and often coexist with other cardiac abnormalities. In this report, we present a case of absent bilateral superior vena cava with no associated cardiac anomaly. Blood from the arms, head, and upper torso returned to the right atrium through the azygos ...
Osiyemi O O - - 2001
Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare disease caused by dematiaceous (darkly pigmented) fungi. Cladophialophora species are highly neurotropic, and Cladophialophora bantiana (synonym=Xylohypha bantiana or C. trichoides) is the most commonly identified agent. Most reported cases of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis have occurred in immunocompetent patients; however, some case reports and experimental data have ...
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