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Gorenflo Matthias - - 2006
Anomalous drainage of the right superior caval vein into the morphologically left atrium as an isolated cardiac malformation is a rare anomaly. Most patients present with cyanosis. Thus far, about 20 cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of cyanosis due to this malformation in a ...
Glatz Andrew C - - 2006
Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC) is a rare, but important, cause of rapidly progressive ischemic heart disease in children. In this paper, we report two recent cases of IIAC seen at tertiary referral hospitals. Both cases presented in infancy with signs of heart failure and, ultimately, died with the diagnosis ...
Berg C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associated conditions and the outcome of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) detected in fetal life. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all cases of PLSVC detected prenatally between 1998 and 2004 in two tertiary referral centers in Germany. Patient charts, ultrasound video recordings and ...
Powers Ciaran J - - 2006
The authors report on an unusual case of a primary intracranial myxoma in a 39-year-old woman. The patient presented with headache and generalized seizure. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large right frontal tumor resembling a parasagittal meningioma. A gross-total resection was performed, and histological review confirmed the lesion as a ...
Kwetny Igor - - 2006
Widespread use of desflurane anesthesia has changed the clinical presentation of malignant hyperthermia (MH). Delayed onset of MH symptoms has been reported previously. A negative gradient between arterial to end-tidal CO2 ([a-ET]Pco2) was observed during anesthesia in pregnant patients and infants and has been associated with increased CO2 production, increased ...
Simpson N - - 2006
We describe a case of abrupt cardiac arrest in an 80 year old woman. Emergent transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) helped clarify the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, and guide management and ongoing resuscitation. This case highlights the utility of TOE in the peri-arrest setting and in the diagnosis of massive pulmonary embolism. ...
Lanjewar D N - - 2006
The recognition of cardiac toxoplasmosis has increased in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The functional consequences of toxoplasmosis of heart vary considerably depending on the intensity of inflammatory reaction, the extent of involvement of myocardial muscle fibers by necrosis and intramyocytic presence of tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii. This report describes ...
Wu Ming - - 2006
A hydropneumopericardium is a rare but critical condition, which is mostly ascribed to primary infiltrative lesions from adjacent organs, pericardial infections, or trauma. Although there have been reports about pyopneumopericardium, no case of spontaneous non-purulent hydropneumopericardium has been documented in literature. We report a case of a previously healthy man ...
Aras Dursun - - 2006
Isolated left ventricular noncompaction (IVNC) is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy resulting from an arrest in normal endomyocardial embryogenesis. Clinical presentations of IVNC include systolic and diastolic dysfunction, systemic embolism and ventricular arrhythmias. In recent years there has been an increasing awareness of this anomaly; however, especially in elderly, clinical characterization ...
Haine S E - - 2006
Mianserin is a drug frequently used to treat depression and sleep disturbances. Despite documented effects on various cardiac tissues in animal studies, mianserin has a very safe clinical profile. Only one case of ventricular arrhythmias in a patient treated with mianserin has been reported. This patient had a severe cardiac ...
Mehrotra Sanjay - - 2006
Chylous pericardial effusion is an uncommon condition, and the treatment is difficult. We report a case of massive chylous pericardial effusion with tamponade in a 22-year-old man, managed successfully. Lymphoscintigraphy confirmed the communication between the lymphatic trunk and the pericardial space, which was surgically ligated. There are relatively few published ...
Parham Walter A - - 2006
Hyperkalemia is a common clinical condition that can induce deadly cardiac arrhythmias. Electrocardiographic manifestations of hyperkalemia vary from the classic sine-wave rhythm, which occurs in severe hyperkalemia, to nonspecific repolarization abnormalities seen with mild elevations of serum potassium. We present a case of hyperkalemia, initially diagnosed as ventricular tachycardia, to ...
Kenny Jon-Emile S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: A method for the induction of complete heart block (CHB) by ethanol injection and its success rate in a pig model of acute right ventricular failure is reported. Additionally, a review of the literature for the induction of CHB in laboratory animals is detailed. The literature review was undertaken ...
Kerins M - - 2005
Cardiac luxation is a rare but potentially fatal consequence of blunt thoracic trauma. We present a case of a pericardial tear with cardiac luxation following blunt chest trauma. It is hypothesised that the cardiac luxation occurred while log rolling the patient during the initial assessment. This report stresses the need ...
Bramley D - - 2005
Empyema is a well recognised complication of pneumonia.1 We report a case of pulseless electrical activity (PEA) treated in the emergency department (ED) with intercostal tube drainage based on clinical findings, where a tension empyema was found to be the cause. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ...
Stemberga Valter - - 2006
The case of the heart embolization with the Kirschner wire that was used for shoulder trauma fixation, 2 years previously in a 67-year-old female, is reported. This case is unique; although embolization of foreign bodies to the heart is not a novel occurrence, heart embolization with non-broken Kirschner wire with ...
Okamoto N - - 2005
We describe two children diagnosed with effusive-constrictive epicarditis that developed more than 5 years after ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. Constrictive epicarditis is extremely rare in children and there are few reports of infants with effusive-constrictive epicarditis associated with congenital heart disease surgery. This is the first pediatric case report ...
Connolly David J - - 2005
This case illustrates an unusual presentation of atrial fibrillation in a 10-year-old male neutered Maine coon. At the time of diagnosis of the arrhythmia the size of the left atrium determined by echocardiography was within normal limits and no structural or functional heart or other systemic disease was identified. Traditionally ...
Agarwal S - - 2005
We describe a 6-day-old male who developed cardiac arrest due to hyperkalemia secondary to congenital adrenal hyperplasia and was successfully resuscitated. This case illustrates the importance of considering congenital adrenal hyperplasia as one of the causes of sudden cardiac arrest in a neonate. A literature review revealed only one similar ...
Hannu T - - 2005
Presented here are three cases of acute cardiac disease (myocarditis, myopericarditis, and acute atrial fibrillation) associated with Campylobacter jejuni infection, followed by a review of the corresponding literature. Since Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of human bacterial enteritis in developed countries, these cases emphasize the importance of keeping ...
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2005
"Runaway" pacemaker is a rare entity that occurs when a malfunctioning artificial cardiac pacemaker abruptly accelerates its pacing rate above the set upper rate limit. This can result in life-threatening dysrhythmia. Runaway pacemaker used to occur more frequently in older model pacemakers, but now with newer pacemaker generators, runaway pacemaker ...
Prochorec-Sobieszek Monika - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Primary amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis results from plasma cell dyscrasia. Fibrillar deposits of monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains are present in various organs, especially in the heart. The patients suffer from fatal cardiac dysfunction. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 54-year-old man with symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia which ...
Charbonney Emmanuel - - 2005
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that may occur after various triggers. With the exception of the well recognized "holiday heart" associated with acute alcohol consumption, the cause of AF is rarely identified in young adults. We report a case of paroxysmal AF after marijuana smoking in a ...
Tran H A - - 2005
Hyperkalemia is a potentially fatal condition and is defined by a serum potassium level (K+) of greater than 5.5 mmol/L. The associated prevalence of cardiac arrhythmia increases directly with the degree of hyperkalemia. The danger in the majority of hyperkalemia cases is cardiac dysrhythmia, and often ventricular fibrillation or asystole ...
Karu Andrew K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient who presented with pericardial effusion and impending cardiac tamponade attributable to hypothyroidism. METHODS: We present clinical, laboratory, and imaging data for the current patient and review the literature relative to clinical presentation, prevalence, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pericardial effusion and tamponade. RESULTS: In comparison ...
Mittle Sumit - - 2005
Primary tumors of the heart are rare with an incidence of 0.0017% to 0.19% in unselected patients at autopsy. Of those tumors, cardiac myxomas are the most commonly seen and account for about 50% of primary cardiac tumors. About 75% to 85% of myxomas originate in the left atrium, 15% ...
Watterson L M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bradycardia in association with anaesthesia may have many potential causes and associated conditions, some rare and/or obscure. A prompt appropriate response is important as some homeostatic mechanisms may be impaired under anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD-A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by ...
Miladi M I - - 2005
Polysaccharide myopathy is a rare form of storage muscular disorder. The clinical picture of this particular form of myopathy is unspecific. We report a 62-year-old woman with late-onset progressive weakness and wasting, affecting proximal muscles of the four limbs and the girdles. No myalgia, dysphagia nor symptoms of cardiac failure ...
Sohn J H - - 2005
Pericardial rupture following blunt chest trauma is rare, and is not usually diagnosed pre-operatively. If pericardial rupture is not recognized and treated promptly, it may be fatal owing to cardiac herniation. We report a case of traumatic herniation of the heart for which a CT scan and MRI made a ...
Moyssakis Ioannis - - 2005
We report two patients, who developed dilated cardiomyopathy and subsequent congestive heart failure after treatment with amphotericin B (AmB). The echocardiographic findings and the symptoms of heart failure resolved after the discontinuation of the drug. The clinical data from our cases and two similar cases reported in the literature suggest ...
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2005
Actinomyces israelii is a gram-positive bacillus that is rarely associated with infections in the general population. A. israelii belongs to the normal flora of the body and it rarely becomes pathogenic. Cardiac involvement is rare and in most cases involves the pericardium. Fewer than 20 cases of pericardial actinomycosis have ...
Aoyama Akihiro - - 2005
Although myxoid liposarcoma often metastasizes to various organs, cardiac metastasis is rare. We present herein a rare case with pericardial metastasis of myxoid liposarcoma, which expanded the pericardial sac extraordinarily and required an emergency operation because of acute cardiac tamponade. We undertook a review of the English literature regarding liposarcoma.
Lin C Y - - 2005
Mesothelial/monocytic incidental cardiac excrescences (MICE) of the heart are rare benign entities that have only been diagnosed incidentally, following cardiac surgical procedure. To date, totally 35 cases have been reported in the English literature. We describe an additional case of cardiac MICE presenting with severe aortic regurgitation for aortic valve ...
Bigsby Glenn E GE - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are few reported cases of cardiac metastasis associated with endometrial cancer (EC) and no reports of long-term survival. We report a case of EC presenting with metastasis to the right ventricle resulting in right heart failure. CASE: A 61-year-old woman presented with a 10-day history of increasing pedal ...
Leong F T - - 2005
A 35 year old white woman presented with chest pain and breathlessness 10 days following an elective caesarean section. This was her second pregnancy, which had proceeded to term without complications. Up until then, she had been completely fit and well. Her ECGs were found to be abnormal, and the ...
McAuliffe F M - - 2005
Congenital cardiac diverticula are rare abnormalities that may occur as isolated malformations. They are often associated with pericardial effusions, which may cause both pulmonary hypoplasia and progressive fetal hydrops. Few cases are reported in fetal life. Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, has previously reported two cases of cardiac diverticula complicated with ...
Chang Yu-Sheng - - 2005
Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is the second most common benign neoplasm of the heart. This study describes the case of an 81-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital for severe vertigo and in whom a tumor at the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) was identified incidentally during echocardiography. The ...
Wehmeier P M - - 2005
Clozapine is known to cause cardiac side-effects, including myocarditis, pericarditis and cardiomyopathy. Prompted by a case of clozapine-related pericarditis in our hospital we undertook a review of the literature for reports of myocarditis, pericarditis and cardiomyopathy occurring in patients treated with clozapine. This is the first comprehensive review of the ...
Malone Catherine B - - 2005
We report a patient with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) who initially presented with chest pain pleural and pericardial effusions. A history was then obtained of shoulder girdle aching and stiffness, suggestive of PMR, and laboratory investigations supported the diagnosis. A rapid response to 15 mg prednisolone once daily was noted, with ...
Jani Jigna C - - 2005
We describe a rare case of high-grade osteosarcoma with intravascular extension to the right atrium and right ventricle in a 23-year-old woman. Osteosarcomas rarely metastasize to the heart, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature thus far. Diagnoses in some of these cases were made during ...
Waters Edward T - - 2005
We present an 8-day-old female with two admissions for respiratory failure. On the first admission, the diagnosis of Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) and laryngomalacia was made after assessment with chest radiography, echocardiography, and flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy. Four days after discharge, the child presented with stridor and respiratory distress, and a ...
Platonov Michael A - - 2005
The antemortem diagnosis of cardiac metastases in osteogenic sarcoma has been documented in only 25 cases over the past 50 years, whereas a prevalence as high as 20% is seen at autopsy, suggesting that cardiac involvement is a late stage complication. As the survival times for primary osteosarcoma continue to ...
Sumino Satoshi - - 2005
Cardiac papillary fibroelastomas are rare primary cardiac tumors of unknown prevalence. As intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography has become widely used, fibroelastomas are increasingly detected as incidental findings. There are multiple reports of surgical excision, but none describing incomplete excision with long-term surveillance. We report a case of incomplete excision of an ...
De Salvia A - - 2004
The international medical literature described sporadical cases of an exceptional event called the "Lazarus phenomenon". This is the spontaneous reviviscence of an individual after a long time of asystolia following a cardiac accident depending on different pathogenesis (i.e. arrhythmia, ischaemic stroke, haemorrhage, brainstem death). All of the reported cases concerned ...
Bradley Timothy J - - 2004
Acquired lengthening of the QT interval due to hypocalcaemia is a rare cause of arrhythmia in childhood. Early recognition, rapid institution of appropriate cardiac monitoring, and replacement therapy are essential. An endocrinal work-up may be necessary to exclude primary disorders of calcium metabolism. We report four cases documenting the varied ...
Karachalios G - - 2004
Cardiac myxomas are rare tumors which may present differently. Left atrial myxoma is an entity from anatomopathological and clinical aspects. To the best of our knowledge, only 2 cases of infected left atrial myxomas treated surgically have been reported in the last 6 years. Herein, we present a patient with ...
Wei J - - 2004
Heart transplantation (HTx) in Taiwan, which started in 1987, now includes more than 500 cases. From July 1988 to September 2003, we performed 215 cases of orthotopic HTx in 164 male and 51 female recipients of mean age of 47.3 +/- 14.3 years, (range 2.7 to 74.9 years). The leading ...
Larbcharoensub Noppadol - - 2004
Angiosarcoma is a relatively uncommon primary malignant tumor of the heart derived from the endothelial cells. The authors report a case of primary cardiac angiosarcoma of the right atrium with pulmonary, hepatic, cerebellar and bony metastases in a 46-year-old man who clinically presented as pulmonary hemorrhage. The patient's occupational history ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2004
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a relatively rare entity, the result of a thickened, scarred and often calcified pericardium, adherent to the heart and limiting diastolic ventricular filling. Some reported etiologies for CP include pericardial involvement from cardiac trauma (including surgery), mediastinal irradiation, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, neoplasms and myocardial ...
Ozhan Hakan - - 2004
Right atrial thrombi are very rare. Existence of right atrial thrombus with constrictive pericarditis is even rarer. Only few cases have been reported in the English literature. Here, we report an unusual case of constrictive pericarditis complicated with right atrial and major venous thrombi. The patient underwent a successful pericardiectomy ...
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