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del Cid Mario R - - 2008
Massive pericardial effusion is rarely the sole clinical presenting symptom of sarcoidosis. Herein we report a case of recurrent pericardial effusions requiring surgical intervention secondary to sarcoidosis. A review of the literature regarding the prevalence/histopathology, the role of endomyocardial biopsy, the use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and the utility ...
Archer Stephen Lawrence - - 2008
A case of left bundle branch block and a dilated, nonhypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with ingestion of colloidal gold and silver as an 'energy tonic' is described. The cardiac disease was reversed within two months by a course of dimercaprol (Akorn Inc, USA) (British antiLewisite) and vitamin E. This is the ...
Matarieh Azmey - - 2008
Cardiac lympangiectasia is a rare pathological dilation of the lymphatic channels of the heart. Diagnosis is made by pathology; however, there remains no definitive diagnostic study. There are reports of cardiac cystic lymphangiectasias in children. A case of right atrial lymphangiectasia, initially identified by echocardiography, is presented here. This is ...
Babin-Ebell J - - 2008
We report a case of delayed pericardial tamponade and presentation of a mitral insufficiency and traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) after a cardiac stab wound in an attempted suicide. Delayed tamponade in combination with a VSD and mitral valve injury is a rare complication after a stab wound to the ...
Hosmans Tony Ph - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are becoming increasingly available in public places to be used by citizens in case of cardiac arrest. Most AEDs are semi-automatic (SAEDs), but some are fully automatic (FAEDs) and there is ongoing debate and concern that they may lead to inadvertent shocks to rescuers or ...
Davidson Benjamin J - - 2008
Records were reviewed from 83 cases to determine the main causes and clinical significance of feline pericardial effusion. The most common causes included hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with congestive heart failure, neoplasia, and systemic infection. Most cases had concurrent or secondary pleural effusion or pulmonary edema, with clinical signs of respiratory disease. ...
Ghotaslou Reza - - 2008
Reported here is the case of a 60-year-old male diabetic patient with mediastinitis caused by Aspergillus fumigatus following an open heart surgery that was successfully treated. A review of literature revealed that A. fumigatus as a cause of mediastinitis has been rarely described. Aspergillus infection should be considered in the ...
Bell Ian M - - 2008
Inhibition of the cardiac I(Kr) current leads to prolongation of the QT interval and to a risk of ventricular arrhythmia. This activity has been observed for a wide range of small molecules and results from their binding to the hERG ion channel. The off-target inhibition of I(Kr) presents a daunting ...
Gangadhar Tara C - - 2008
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has increasingly been reported in the medical literature in recent years. Much is still unknown regarding risk factors and clinical relationships. We contribute this case report to the growing set of literature on the topic. We report the case of a 64-year-old woman with esophageal cancer who developed ...
Canan Fatih - - 2008
Lithium is a widely used mood stabilizer, which may cause cardiac side effects. In this article, we present the case of a 39-year-old woman who had presented with pre-syncope and developed multiple ECG abnormalities that are caused by lithium intoxication and are disappeared after hemodialysis.
Malkowska Aleksandra M - - 2008
We describe a patient who suffered progressive right heart failure of unknown aetiology, despite a lengthy series of hospital investigations. Constrictive pericarditis had not been suspected during life, and was ultimately diagnosed as an autopsy finding. The salient clinical features and confirmatory investigations for this unusual disorder are reviewed. The ...
Omorphos Savvas - - 2007
Since its introduction into clinical practice in the 1980s, transesophageal echocardiography has become an invaluable tool in cardiac surgery having only a few cases of serious complications reported in the literature. We report a novel case of delayed surgical repair of esophageal perforation due to transesophageal echocardiography in cardiac surgery ...
Lyons Kristopher S - - 2009
This case describes a 55 year old woman who presented with a pre-syncopal episode. She was found to have a serum potassium of 9.6 mmol/l with a markedly abnormal ECG. The cause of her hyperkalaemia was prolonged ingestion of potassium citrate and her ECG returned to normal with treatment of ...
Asano Takeshi - - 2007
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a multisystem disorder of unknown origin and usually associated with thrombocytosis. The authors describe a case of KD exhibiting thrombocytopenia with markedly large platelets. Among the 173 KD cases, 3 cases exhibited thrombocytopenia. One of these showed cardiac involvement with giant aneurysm of the coronary artery ...
Stone Marc E - - 2007
Although coagulopathy and bleeding are common in the setting of cardiac surgery, a growing number of case reports in the literature suggest that hypercoagulability may also result in significant morbidity and mortality. We present a case of apparent hypercoagulability with formation of thrombus in the cardiac chambers following reoperative cardiac ...
Pugliatti Pietro - - 2008
Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIS) is a rare benign disorder that is characterized by accumulation and deposition of fat in the interatrial septum. Its etiology is still unknown, despite the theories that have been suggested. It usually occurs in older, obese people with a higher incidence in women. ...
Nef Holger M - - 2008
Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) which is usually precipitated by profound emotional stress has been widely reported in the past. Recently, several co-morbidities have been found to be associated with this new cardiac entity. In this case we report from a female patient suffering from both, physical and emotional stress. After a ...
Mehanna Mayssoun J - - 2007
Cardiac herniation is a rare condition, which is often lethal in unrecognized cases. It is most commonly seen after pneumonectomy with associated pericardiotomy or pericardiectomy but has been reported in patients with iatrogenic, traumatic, and congenital pericardial defects. It is important that the radiologist be aware of this entity, as ...
Kohli Utkarsh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of invasive aspergillosis, associated with complete heart block and heart failure, in an immunocompetent child recovering from dengue shock syndrome. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary care center. PATIENT AND RESULTS: A 9-yr-old boy was admitted to ...
Rochford Martin - - 2007
Dolasetron (Anzemet) overdose is uncommon, and, to our knowledge, this is the only case report of an intentional overdose. Dolasetron (dolasetron mesylate) is a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 antagonist derived from pseudopelletierine, and is used in the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting. Transient and asymptomatic ECG changes, including QRS ...
Hughes Amy - - 2007
The case of a 17-year-old girl brought into the emergency department (ED) having been found in a field semi-clad and overtly hypothermic is reported. A weak carotid pulse, agonal breathing and fixed dilated pupils were noted. On arrival in the ED she was in asystolic cardiopulmonary arrest. Initial core body ...
Basavarajaiah Sandeep - - 2007
Cor triatriatum was diagnosed in an asymptomatic professional football player when he underwent cardiovascular evaluation to rule out conditions that can potentially cause sudden cardiac death in the young. Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by failure of resorption of common pulmonary vein resulting in division of left ...
Batalis Nick I - - 2007
Verapamil blocks the rapid influx of calcium into the cardiac myocytes of the cardiac conduction system and smooth muscle of the vasculature, resulting in decreased myocardial contractility, prolonged conduction time, and vascular relaxation. A sustained-release form, verapamil SR (or ER), is available that contains higher levels of medication and requires ...
Bohun Claudine M - - 2007
The incidence of dextrocardia and its associated cardiac and noncardiac malformations is not known. There is inadequate information about outcomes to counsel parents about prognosis. A retrospective review of all diagnoses of dextrocardia due to embryologic development at a tertiary care hospital from 1985 to 2001 was performed. Eighty-one cases ...
Sehgal A - - 2007
Central venous catheterization is widely used in neonatal intensive care units to support tiny preterm babies. Pericardial effusion (PCE) and cardiac tamponade are uncommon but potentially fatal complications of percutaneous, umbilical and surgically placed central venous catheters related to intracardiac position or migration. This report describes a case of PCE ...
Enriquez Susana G - - 2007
Isolated noncompaction of left ventricular myocardium (IVNC) is categorized as an unclassified cardiomyopathy by the World Health Organization. We describe the case of a 29-year-old woman who was diagnosed with IVNC after suffering two syncopes caused by an atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) that was successfully ablated. We report successful ...
Devin Ruth - - 2007
Flecainide overdose can rapidly result in profound cardiovascular collapse, and is associated with a relatively high mortality. A case is described where a woman with major toxicity and high serum levels was managed without recourse to invasive modalities such as cardiopulmonary bypass or extracorporeal therapies. Hypertonic sodium bicarbonate is recognized ...
Gazit Avihu Z - - 2007
Rhabdomyoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor identified in utero and in infancy. Usually it has a benign course, which has prompted an expectant approach to its management. We report herein the cases of three patients who presented prenatally with cardiac rhabdomyomas. Only one of them had a benign ...
Batra Prerna - - 2007
OEIS Complex is a rare congenital multisystem defect that consists of omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforate anus and spinal defects. We report a case of such complex with additional major cardiac and other multisystem anomalies which are rarely described in literature. The authors give a review of literature on this infrequent complex ...
Abdel-Halim Rabie E - - 2007
This is a study and translation of the section on pericarditis in Al Taisir book written by the Muslim physician Ibn Zuhr Avenzoar who lived and practiced in Eshbeelia nowadays Seville, Andalusia, Spain between 1091-1162 AD. Ibn Zuhr described the serous type of pericarditis as well as the pathological findings ...
Chen Jia-Lin - - 2007
Metastatic cardiac malignancies mainly come from the lung, breast, and the lymphoreticular system by direct invasion or hematogenous or lymphatic spread. Metastasis from colorectal cancer to the heart or pericardium is seldom reported and only sporadic antemortem cases have been reported. We report an unusual case of malignant pericardial effusion ...
Kunes Pavel - - 2007
Cardiac surgical operations are associated with the development of a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). In most cases, the inflammatory response is apparent only in its subclinical form. In some cases, however, it can become clinically manifest or even life-threatening. This review article presents some new data regarding its biological ...
Ratnasamy Christopher - - 2007
We describe a child with tricuspid atresia associated with a porto-systemic shunt and complete absence of the portal vein, the latter known as the Abernethy malformation. As far as we are aware, this association has not previously been reported. We review the various cardiac defects that have been reported in ...
Berg C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prenatal distribution, associated conditions and outcome of the different types of right aortic arch (RAA) detected in fetal life. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all cases of RAA detected prenatally between 1998 and 2005 in two tertiary referral centers. RESULTS: In the study period ...
Bolliger Stephan - - 2006
A 51-year-old man was struck by the tip of a broomstick weighing 1000 g at the left side of the neck, upon which he collapsed. Intense but delayed cardiopulmonary resuscitation restored the circulation roughly 30 minutes after the incident. Upon admittance to a nearby hospital, an extensive hypoxic cerebral damage ...
Fertin Marie - - 2006
Echinococcosis is endemic in sheep- and cattle-raising areas in Europe, especially in Southern and Central Europe. In France, most cases originated from immigrants from countries where echinococcosis is endemic. Extremely rare native cases have been reported during the last few years in France, especially those concerning isolated cardiac hydatid cyst. ...
Tanoue Yoshihisa - - 2006
We report on a case of constrictive pericarditis (CP) with atrial septal defect (ASD) in a 50-year-old man. The combination of CP with ASD is rare and occasionally difficult to diagnose. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated ASD, but the finding of a thickened pericardium was poor. Diagnosis was confirmed by cardiac catheterization. ...
Trowbridge Cody C - - 2006
The administration of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) is complicated by a wide inter-subject variation in response, a short half-life, evolving indications for use, and the absence of a test that has been shown to correlate with clinical effect. This report describes a method used to titrate rFVIIa to thromboelastography (TEG) ...
van der Horst-Schrivers A N A - - 2006
Phaeochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine-secreting neuroendocrine tumour with a high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality if left untreated. Surgical resection is the only curative therapy. During surgery there is a high risk of massive release of catecholamines, which can result in potentially fatal hypertensive crises and cardiac arrhythmias. Administration of vasoactive ...
Anisiuba B C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Muscular dystrophy is not an uncommon entity in Nigerian medical clinics. The facioscapulohumeral type represents a rare variety of the disorder with its own distinctive characteristics but is not expected to have significant cardiac manifestations. METHOD: The case report of a 17-year-old Nigerian female with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy and ...
Brna Paula - - 2006
Episodic loss of consciousness is common in the paediatric population. While the majority of cases are due to benign conditions, life-threatening causes must be promptly identified.The present paper presents a case of recurrent loss of consciousness associated with convulsive activity and subsequent cardiac arrest due to a rare inherited ion ...
Wasir Hapreet - - 2006
Cardiac herniation, a rare entity, is seen most commonly after traumatic rupture of the pericardium or following pneu-monectomy with partial pericardiactomy. It is rarely seen to occur following closure of a sinus venosus atrial septal defect through the port access technique. A review of the literature in English did not ...
Medved Igor - - 2006
We report a unique case of cardiac embolization with the Kirschner wire that has been used for osteosynthesis for 24 months previously. According to the complete analysis of medical records and autopsy report, the wire had migrated from the right humeroscapular joint to the heart. Although migration of a Kirschner ...
Gorenflo Matthias - - 2006
Anomalous drainage of the right superior caval vein into the morphologically left atrium as an isolated cardiac malformation is a rare anomaly. Most patients present with cyanosis. Thus far, about 20 cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of cyanosis due to this malformation in a ...
Glatz Andrew C - - 2006
Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC) is a rare, but important, cause of rapidly progressive ischemic heart disease in children. In this paper, we report two recent cases of IIAC seen at tertiary referral hospitals. Both cases presented in infancy with signs of heart failure and, ultimately, died with the diagnosis ...
Berg C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associated conditions and the outcome of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) detected in fetal life. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all cases of PLSVC detected prenatally between 1998 and 2004 in two tertiary referral centers in Germany. Patient charts, ultrasound video recordings and ...
Powers Ciaran J - - 2006
The authors report on an unusual case of a primary intracranial myxoma in a 39-year-old woman. The patient presented with headache and generalized seizure. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large right frontal tumor resembling a parasagittal meningioma. A gross-total resection was performed, and histological review confirmed the lesion as a ...
Kwetny Igor - - 2006
Widespread use of desflurane anesthesia has changed the clinical presentation of malignant hyperthermia (MH). Delayed onset of MH symptoms has been reported previously. A negative gradient between arterial to end-tidal CO2 ([a-ET]Pco2) was observed during anesthesia in pregnant patients and infants and has been associated with increased CO2 production, increased ...
Simpson N - - 2006
We describe a case of abrupt cardiac arrest in an 80 year old woman. Emergent transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) helped clarify the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, and guide management and ongoing resuscitation. This case highlights the utility of TOE in the peri-arrest setting and in the diagnosis of massive pulmonary embolism. ...
Lanjewar D N - - 2006
The recognition of cardiac toxoplasmosis has increased in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The functional consequences of toxoplasmosis of heart vary considerably depending on the intensity of inflammatory reaction, the extent of involvement of myocardial muscle fibers by necrosis and intramyocytic presence of tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii. This report describes ...
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