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Sharma Abhishek - - 2010
In this study, we describe the development of acute pulmonary oedema and cardiac arrest after therapeutic ascitic paracentesis, in a gentleman with decompensated liver cirrhosis. There was no previous history of cardiorespiratory symptoms or disease. Postmortem examination revealed oedematous and congested lungs with bilateral pleural effusions; in addition, the right ...
Follis Fabrizio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The patient with a diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis who requires urgent cardiac surgery represents a formidable challenge. Among the alternatives to heparin, argatroban has gained widespread use in non-cardiac surgery patients. The object of this communication is to report our recent experience with this agent during cardiopulmonary ...
Douglas Robert J - - 2010
The sensation of palpitations may either be the initial or the only symptom of cardiac arrhythmia. We describe a case of an apparent clear temporal relationship between standard ibuprofen dosing and palpitations. A review of the medical literature revealed this to be, to the best of our knowledge, the first ...
Bhattacharya Indrani S - - 2010
Isolated ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (IVNC) is a rare, morphologically distinct primary genetic cardiomyopathy, which is now gaining prominence as an important differential diagnosis in patients presenting with cardiac failure. We describe a case report of a Nigerian male with facial dysmorphism presenting with cardiac failure. This is followed by a ...
Kida Keisuke - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was first reported in Japan in 1990. Recently, an increasing number of case reports and reviews of takotsubo cardiomyopathy has been published worldwide, including atypical cases with inverted takotsubo cardiomyopathy or incidental coronary artery disease. To date, there has been no guideline for worldwide consensus on takotsubo cardiomyopathy ...
Kuklani Riya M - - 2010
Segmental Odontomaxillary Dysplasia (SOD) is an uncommon, nonhereditary, recently recognized developmental disorder affecting the upper jaw and related dental components. It is a rare condition of uncertain etiology that results in painless unilateral expansion of the posterior dentoalveolar complex, gingival hyperplasia, lack of one or both premolars in the affected ...
Bassareo Pier Paolo - - 2010
Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital heart defect characterized by the presence of a fibromuscular membrane dividing the left atrium into two distinct chambers. Lipomatous hypertrophy of the atrial septum is an infrequently observed benign abnormality caused by large fatty tissue deposits in the interatrial septum. An increased incidence of ...
Araji Omar A - - 2010
We present a case of a cardiac fibroma affecting the base of the anterior papillary muscle resected under cardiopulmonary bypass with cardioscopy and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) instruments through the mitral valve. The surgical approach and instrumentation of previous case reports are reviewed.
Bambury R - - 2011
Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a rare malignancy and the optimal treatment strategy remains uncertain. It appears to respond much better to systemic chemotherapy than to surgery and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cardiac tumours before definitive management is undertaken. We report a case of ...
Janjua Muhammad - - 2009
We report a case of inferior vena cava filter migration to the right ventricle resulting in ventricular tachycardia and elevated troponin. The patient was taken to the cardiac catheterization laboratory and under fluoroscopy the filter was found to be in the right ventricle. Later in the day the filter was ...
Krishnan Unni - - 2009
The exact pathophysiology of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is unclear. A nonapical form of TTC precipitated by emotional stress is presented. Findings on 12 lead ECG and coronary angiogram are discussed. The role of specialized investigations such as cardiac MRI and tissue Doppler imaging are reviewed. We then examine the probable ...
George Anil - - 2009
Apart from their existence as medical curiosities, anatomic variants also double as diagnostic dilemmas. In the heart, more than in any other location in the body, misinterpretation of normal anatomic variants as pathologic entities can have a profound impact on treatment decisions and clinical consequences. Echocardiography is an easily accessible ...
Leskiw Ulana - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laboratory studies and clinical reports have led to the acceptance of lipid emulsion as an effective treatment of local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest. This review discusses subsequent clinical reports, relevant laboratory studies and topics for further research. RECENT FINDINGS: Case reports have confirmed the efficacy of lipid resuscitation ...
Mitsani D - - 2010
Purulent pericarditis due to Mycoplasma hominis is rare, and is usually associated with mediastinitis or pleuritis following cardiothoracic surgery. We report the first case to our knowledge of isolated purulent pericarditis caused by M. hominis in a lung transplant recipient and review previously reported cases of this disease.
Walsh R Carlin - - 2009
Adenosine is commonly used for the chemical termination of supraventricular tachycardia. In addition, even when it is ineffective as an agent of chemical cardioversion, it may slow the cardiac rate to allow an analysis of the underlying rhythm. Common adverse effects include facial flushing, shortness of breath, and chest pain. ...
Charaf Edriss - - 2009
We report a case of a 53-year old patient with symptoms of congestive heart failure in whom a restrictive cardiomyopathy and a kappa-chain monoclonal gammopahty were diagnosed. Treatment with eight cycles of Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, resulted in a significant regression of myocardial amyloid deposition and a notable clinical and ...
Parvez Najma - - 2009
Adult onset Still disease is an unusual multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. Among its protean manifestations is pericarditis which occurs in approximately 30-40% of patients. Cardiac tamponade is a rare complication of pericarditis occurring in the context of Still disease. We conducted a review of the English ...
Margiocco Marco L - - 2009
Cardiovascular disorders, although not thoroughly described in the literature, are frequently diagnosed in South American camelids, causing morbidity, mortality, and loss of production. Definitive confirmation concerning the heritability of cardiac defects in these species is lacking; however, this potential exists and should be taken into account when counseling breeders and ...
Fine-Goulden Miriam R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) presenting with severe cor pulmonale in an adolescent. METHODS AND DESIGN: Case report and literature review. Our Institutional Review Board waived the need for consent. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENT: A ...
Lundy Jonathan B - - 2009
Intracardiac foreign bodies may be caused by direct penetrating trauma, embolization from injury to another area of the body, or iatrogenically from fragments of intravascular access devices. Penetrating cardiac trauma commonly presents with a hemodynamically unstable patient necessitating emergent life-saving procedures. Missile embolization to the heart can occur after injury ...
Galli Maria Albina - - 2009
Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare cardiac congenital malformation in which a membrane divides the right atrium into two chambers. We describe one case of isolated cor triatriatum dexter, symptomatic for severe central cyanosis, in which the membrane was identified before surgery by means of transthoracic echocardiography alone, and successfully ...
Lutz Holger H - - 2009
Involvement of the kidneys in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) occurs in approximately 50% of patients with HSP, with varying severity. In general, disease outcome is favorable for adolescents. However, severe courses with vasculitis impairing multiple organ systems in addition to the kidney, including brain, heart, and intestine, may occur. This involvement, ...
Bainbridge Daniel - - 2009
While the number of publications each year in cardiac anesthesia is enormous there are a select group of interesting articles highlighting controversies in current practice or new techniques, medications, procedures which may change practice down the road. The purpose of this article is to review some of these articles. While ...
Prasad Sandhir B - - 2009
Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) on complex unprotected left main stem (LMS) lesions involving rotational artherectomy are technically challenging and high risk cases. There is limited experience in performing these cases via a radial approach. We report a case of an unstable patient with severe distal LMS disease in whom cardiac ...
Ramana Ravi K - - 2009
Tumors involving the heart and surrounding cardiac structures may be benign or malignant and can be classified as primary versus secondary in etiology. Primary cardiac tumors are rare lesions and the vast majority of these are benign neoplasms. More commonly, masses that involve the cardiac structures are secondary in nature. ...
Jacob Sony - - 2009
Clinical diagnosis of chronic or slowly progressing pericardial effusion with impending tamponade remains a challenge, particularly when classical physical signs are subtle or absent. A high index of suspicion should be entertained in such cases in the appropriate setting even when the clinical signs and symptoms are missing. We present ...
Fernandez Antonio B - - 2009
Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) is a rare systemic disease with multiple clinical presentations including cardiac, pulmonary and dermatologic manifestations. Little is known about the pathophysiology and potential triggers of this condition. Approximately 40-70% of these cases have cardiac involvement, which is the major cause of morbidity and mortality. Cardiac tamponade ...
Alzand B S N - - 2010
Campylobacter jejuni enteritis is the commonest enteric infection in the developed world. There are only few reported cases in the medical literature of cardiac complications associated with C. jejuni enterocolitis, most of the patients in the reported literature were males and most of the cases followed a benign course. Severe ...
Luk Adriana - - 2010
We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with widespread metastatic cardiac angiosarcoma to the lungs and the liver. She was treated with preoperative chemotherapy and underwent extensive surgical resection of the cardiac mass and is currently doing well. Analysis of the effectiveness of various treatment modalities from cases which ...
Skoutelis Kostas - - 2009
Ectopic thymoma is a rare neoplasm, which can be developed in various sites, with the lung being amongst the rarest. In this paper, we present the case of a woman with a slow-growing ectopic thymoma, stemming from the visceral pleura of the upper lobe of the left lung anteriorly, extending ...
Saadat Habibollah - - 2009
We present a case of rectus hematoma occurring in the setting of transfemoral cardiac catheterization. This is a potentially deadly complication that is under-reported and under-diagnosed. The goal of this article is to present a case of rectus hematoma alongside a comprehensive review of the literature.
Tokuyasu Hirokazu - - 2009
A 69-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus presented at our emergency room with chest pain and dyspnea. A chest computed tomography revealed a pericardial effusion. Pericardiocentesis was performed; strains of the Streptococcus milleri group were detected on culture of the fluid thus obtained. Therefore, purulent pericarditis was diagnosed. ...
Uzkeser Mustafa - - 2009
We report a 23-year-old man presenting with chest pain. He denoted skin eruptions on his hands, lips, mouth, and penis 24 to 36 hours after he had taken flurbiprofen 10 days ago. Detailed examination showed an ulcerated, pitching lesion with a dimension of approximately 2x2 cm on his penis; however, ...
Khalid Tabindeh J - - 2009
Primary cardiac paraganglioma is a very rare tumor with less than sixty reported cases in the literature. The clinical presentation is variable, but is most commonly manifested by hypertension and symptoms related to the catecholamine excess. We report a case of a 35 year old man who presented with anginal ...
Abi-Nader Khalil - - 2009
Congenital ventricular cardiac diverticula are rare. They may occur prenatally in association with a pericardial effusion which, if large enough, can compromise fetal circulatory and lung development. Parental counseling is difficult because some cases resolve in the second trimester and others progress to worsening hydrops and intrauterine death. We present ...
Guru Veena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Provider outcomes reports are an important part of quality improvement efforts. The positive and negative impact of such reports on the delivery of care has not been extensively explored. METHODS: A survey of Ontario cardiac surgeons was performed in September 2003 to understand their concerns regarding performance reports. The ...
Bento João - - 2009
Isolated ventricular noncompaction is an extremely rare cardiomyopathy, not fully clarified.It is characterized by persistent embryonic myocardium morphology without associated cardiac abnormalities.Since first description in 1984, few clinical studies were done. Data in the literature are lacking and most reports consist on a few case studies.Doppler ecocardiogram is considered the ...
Bhatnagar G - - 2009
Primary benign tumours of the heart are rare, with myxomas being the commonest. They are neoplasms of endocardial origin and generally appear to grow rapidly. The presence of connective tissue fibers encrusted with iron and calcium known as Gamna Gandy bodies may indicate a longer duration of tumor. We present ...
Guglin Maya - - 2009
Vasodilators like nitroglycerin or nitroprusside improve hemodynamics in patients with advanced heart failure. However, using these agents in critical conditions is limited because of their ability to decrease systemic blood pressure. We report the rapid effect of high dose intravenous nitroglycerin treatment in an 86-year-old man after cardiac arrest and ...
Jayasuriya Sasanka - - 2009
A case of infectious endocarditis with septic embolization as a rare but potentially fatal complication of cardiac catheterization is described, followed by a detailed review of the literature. Obesity, diabetes, many skin punctures, previous bypass surgery and abnormal valves are predisposing factors for bacteremia following cardiac catheterization.
Baggett Charles - - 2009
Isolated right superior vena cava drainage into the left atrium is an extremely rare cardiac anomaly, especially in the absence of other cardiac abnormalities. Only 28 of 5,127 reported consecutive congenital cardiac cases involved superior vena cava drainage into the left atrium, and all were associated with other cardiac anomalies. ...
Bouchaud Olivier - - 2009
Halofantrine (HF) was considered an effective and safe treatment for multi-drug resistant falciparum malaria until 1993, when the first case of drug-associated death was reported. Since then, numerous studies have confirmed cardiac arrythmias, possibly fatal, in both adults and children. The aim of the study was to review fatal HF ...
Sherren Peter B - - 2009
Blunt Traumatic Pericardial Rupture (BTPR) with resulting cardiac herniation following chest trauma is an unusual and often fatal condition. Although there has been a multitude of case reports of this condition in past literature, the recurring theme is that of a missed injury. Its occurrence in severe blunt trauma is ...
Eventov-Friedman Smadar - - 2009
The rare congenital combination of microcephaly, lymphedema and chorioretinopathy (MLCD) has been described. Recently, three cases with these clinical characteristics have been diagnosed as having, in addition, various congenital cardiac anomalies, which may be part of this genetic entity that presents with variable expression. CLINICAL OBSERVAtion: Here we present a ...
Paladini D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether medically qualified sonologists with low-to-intermediate scanning experience are able to detect major abnormalities of the outflow tracts by reviewing the A-plane of cardiac volume datasets acquired with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC). METHODS: Fourteen sonologists of low-to-intermediate scanning experience were recruited among residents and colleagues involved in ...
Arendt Katherine W - - 2008
Women with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) have a propensity for congestive heart failure and cardiac dysrhythmias during pregnancy, labor, and delivery. We report the successful obstetric and anesthetic management of three women with CCTGA, review the pertinent medical literature, and discuss important issues surrounding the anesthetic ...
Shinde Rituparna S - - 2008
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has become the mainstay of refractory heart failure treatment. Usually the patients having right bundle branch block (RBBB) on electrocardiogram are considered as relative contraindication as there is no or minimal dyssynchrony in them. We present a case where CRT was put in as last resort ...
Biglino A - - 2008
Rapid and accurate diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis is often difficult, considering the low specificity of both clinical picture and laboratory tests on pericardial fluid, as well as the low sensitivity of microbiological tests. This report documents the feasibility and clinical usefulness of an Interferon (IFN) - gamma ELISpot - TB ...
Muquit S - - 2008
Vein of Galen malformations are rare vascular abnormalities, which develop during gestation and usually present in the neonatal period or early childhood. Symptoms are due to high output cardiac failure, hydrocephalus, seizures or haemorrhage. We report a case where a patient remained symptom free until presentation following a haemorrhage at ...
Nelson Bret P - - 2008
Emergency physicians and intensivists are increasingly utilizing capnography and bedside echocardiography during medical resuscitations. These techniques have shown promise in predicting outcomes in cardiac arrest, and no cases of return of spontaneous circulation in the setting of sonographic cardiac standstill and low end-tidal carbon dioxide have been reported. This case ...
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