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Kim Jennifer E JE Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1733 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, MD 21231, - - 2015
This article presents an overview of spinal neurocytomas. A rare manifestation of an uncommon tumor, extraventricular neurocytomas (EVNs) should be included in the differential for spinal intradural and intramedullary tumors. Spinal EVNs are generally benign with an indolent pathologic course but may display a variety of acute or chronic clinical ...
Ralli Ioanna I Northampton General Hospital, Northampton, - - 2014
The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer represent the cornerstones of classical Greek literature and subsequently the foundations of literature of the Western civilization. The Iliad, particularly, is the most famous and influential epic poem ever conceived and is considered to be the most prominent and representative work of the ancient ...
Cvetko Erika E Medical Faculty, Institute of Anatomy, Korytkova 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
The external jugular vein is increasingly being used as the recipient vein in head and neck tissue transfers, and for cannulation to conduct diagnostic procedures or intravenous therapies. The variations in the patterns of its course, and knowledge of these variations, are therefore important. We report on a bilateral external ...
De-Giorgio Fabio F Institute of Public Health, Legal Medicine Section, Medical School, Catholic University, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, - - 2014
The differential diagnosis between self-inflicted and nonself-inflicted, suicidal and homicidal, injuries is difficult or impossible in many cases and, above all, cannot be made on the basis of information obtained solely from the autopsy or the medicolegal clinical examination. The purpose of this study is to analyze the literature on ...
Ernest Alex - - 2014
BackgroundCases of post-coital posterior fornix perforation with vaginal eviscerations are infrequently reported in literature and uncommon cause for laparotomy.Case presentationWe report the case of 28 year old nulliparous woman presented to the hospital with per vaginal bleeding and evisceration following penile-vaginal sexual intercourse.ConclusionHigh degree of suspicion in these cases is important ...
Sinwar Prabhu Dayal PD Senior Resident General Surgery, New PG Hostel Room No 28, Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traumatic auricular amputation due to human bite is not a common event. Bite wounds are always considered to be complex injuries contaminated with unique poly-microbial inoculum. Human bites are as serious as animal bites because they induce a higher incidence of infectious complications. In bite wounds to the face, infectious ...
Franks Teri J TJ From Pulmonary and Mediastinal Pathology, The Joint Pathology Center, Silver Spring, Maryland (Dr Franks); and the Departments of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Chest Imaging Section, and Internal Medicine, Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, and Chest Imaging, American Institute for Radiologic Pathology, Silver Spring, Maryland (Dr - - 2014
Context .- Emphysema, respiratory bronchiolitis, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, pulmonary Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, small-airway injury including submucosal and adventitial fibrosis, increased bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue, and small artery/arteriolar wall thickening are recognized histologic findings in cigarette smokers. It has only recently been acknowledged that the range of lung injury from cigarette smoke ...
Symeonidis Nikolaos N 2nd Propedeutical Department of Surgery, School of Health Sciences, Hippokratio General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Rectovaginal tears are usually associated with the insertion of foreign bodies, accidental trauma, and nonconsensual intercourse. The aim of this study was to describe an extremely rare case of extensive rectovaginal tear as a result of consensual vaginal and anal intercourse. A case is presented along with review of the ...
Faltus John J Howard Head Sports Medicine, Avon, - - 2014
Injuries of the first metatarsophalangeal (hallux MP) joint can be debilitating in the athletic population. Turf toe and plantar plate injuries are typically diagnosed similarly. However, variance in injury mechanism as well as compromised integrity of soft tissue and ligamentous structures make it difficult to accurately diagnose specific hallux MP ...
Stewart Daphne J DJ CoxHealth, Springfield, - - 2014
Blunt chest trauma is associated with a wide range of injuries, many of which are life threatening. This article is a case study demonstrating a variety of traumatic chest injuries, including pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Literature on the diagnosis and treatment was reviewed, including both theoretical and research literature, from ...
Chubak Barbara B Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, - - 2014
Colon perforation is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), meriting particular attention to its signs and symptoms for prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report an unusual presentation of colon perforation following tubeless PCNL, characterized by sore throat, pneumomediastinum, and neck and shoulder crepitus. In addition to the ...
Rayamane Anand Parashuram AP From the *Department of Forensic Medicine, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India; and †RajaRajeswari Medical College and Hospital Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Compressed air is being used extensively as a source of energy at industries and in daily life. A variety of fatal injuries are caused by improper and ignorant use of compressed air equipments. Many types of injuries due to compressed air are reported in the literature such as colorectal injury, ...
Aquila Isabella I Chair of Legal Medicine, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Viale Europa loc. Germaneto, 88100, Catanzaro, - - 2014
Ingesting caustic substances represents a common event which may result in serious injuries of the gastrointestinal system. Severity of injury depends on the type of ingested substance: Caustic burns are more frequently associated with acid ingestion and their severity depends on type, concentration, time of exposure, and amount of the ...
Lannin Natasha A NA Department of Occupational Therapy, La Trobe University, Vic., Australia Occupational Therapy Department, Alfred Health, Vic., Australia Rehabilitation Studies Unit, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Adults who survive traumatic brain injury (TBI) often receive case (care) management to overcome the difficulties commonly faced negotiating a number of different health and social care services and systems. Little is known about the effectiveness of a case management intervention. To examine the effects of case management for patients ...
Kubat Bela B BB Department of Forensic Medicine, Netherlands Forensic Institute, Laan van Ypenburg 6, 2497 GB, The Hague, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Vertebral artery injury (VAI) occurs after (blunt) trauma as well as spontaneously. The risk of incurring VAI from a blunt trauma probably parallels the severity of trauma, often referred to as major- and minor-trauma. However, the literature does not provide concrete definitions of these terms. This study aims to define ...
Peng Hanwei - - 2014
The most common complications after thyroidectomy are injuries associated with the recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid gland. Cervical esophagus perforation is an exceptionally rare complication after thyroidectomy; it can usually be resolved by conservative care. Cervical esophageal stenosis secondary to intraoperative esophageal injury during thyroidectomy is much rarer and has ...
Sivakumaran Ramanan R Department of Neurosurgery, King's College Hospital, London, UK, - - 2014
The occurrence of spinal epidural haematoma of 'spontaneous' origin in adults is a well-documented entity, though it is rare in children. In the literature to date, there are few cases of this kind of spontaneous haematoma proven to be due to an underlying vascular abnormality. Retrospective review of two cases ...
Parker William W * Department of Medicine, Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , Chesterfield , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: 'Acoustic Shock' injury has arisen with the proliferation of telephone-based employment but is not yet fully understood. This study aimed to further characterize this phenomenon by reviewing the current literature and analysing a case series. Cases were identified from medicolegal and clinical practice. Case notes, including General Practitioner ...
Garg Kanwaljeet K Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is of rare clinical occurrence. We report a case of a young man with posttraumatic long-segment spinal epidural hematoma. Evacuation of the hematoma led to complete neurologic recovery in our patient. Our case highlights the importance of early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention for the ...
Fuentes Sara S Department of Pediatric Surgery, 12 de Octubre University Hospital, Madrid, - - 2014
Button batteries represent a low percentage of all foreign bodies swallowed by children and esophageal location is even less frequent. However, these cases are more likely to develop severe injuries. The aim of this essay is to report three cases treated in our institution and review previous reports. Chart review ...
Spano Susanne J SJ University of California, San Francisco, Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiple casualty incidents (MCIs) are uncommon in remote wilderness settings. This is a case report of a lightning strike on a Boy Scout troop hiking through Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (SEKI), in which the lightning storm hindered rescue efforts. The purpose of this study was to review the ...
Melzer Jonathan M JM Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, VA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Non-accidental trauma is a sad but commonly described mechanism of injury in the pediatric literature. However, the otolaryngologist infrequently encounters the initial presentation of non-accidental trauma despite the fact that a significant percentage of injuries take place in the head and neck. This case report seeks to discuss otolaryngologic presentations ...
- - 2014
OSHA is issuing a final rule to update the appendix to its Injury and Illness Recording and Reporting regulation. The appendix contains a list of industries that are partially exempt from requirements to keep records of work-related injuries and illnesses due to relatively low occupational injury and illness rates. The ...
Blevins Erin E The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
We report extensive thrombotic complications of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters that were placed for primary prophylaxis in 2 pediatric trauma patients with spinal cord injuries. Although thrombosis is a known common complication in adults with IVC filters, we were unable to find any reports in the literature of this ...
Steinberg Jeffrey A JA Division of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Diego, - - 2014
Intramedullary spinal cord hematomas are a rare neurosurgical pathological entity typically arising from vascular and neoplastic lesions. Endometriosis is an extremely rare cause of intramedullary spinal cord hematoma, with only 5 previously reported cases in the literature. Endometriosis is characterized by ectopic endometrial tissue, typically located in the female pelvic ...
Finnie John W JW SA Pathology, Hanson Institute Centre for Neurological Diseases, PO Box 14 Rundle Mall, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia, - - 2014
Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently encountered in veterinary practice in companion animals, livestock and horses, inflicted head injury is a common method of euthanasia in domestic livestock, and malicious head trauma can lead to forensic investigation, the pathology of TBI has generally received little attention in the veterinary ...
Itoh Kyoko K Department of Pathology & Applied Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
Balamuthia mandrillaris is an amoeba found in fresh water and soil that causes granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. We report herein an autopsy case of B. mandrillaris amoebic encephalitis, which was definitely diagnosed by PCR. An 81-year-old man, who had Sjögren's syndrome, manifested drowsiness 2 months before his death with progressive deterioration. ...
Cheng Hui Mei HM Department of Dermatology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
Assessing the skin of asylum seekers, immigrants, migrant workers, tourists or even locals who return from abroad, can be a confronting task due to the possibility of such people having non-autochthonous diseases. Primary-care physicians and dermatologists need to have a systematic approach in the assessment of such dermatoses. This article ...
Krauss Emily M EM Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, QEII Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, 1796 Summer Street Rm. 4474, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3A7 - - 2014
Most literature on fingertips reviews new surgical techniques of coverage while many surgeons prefer the results of secondary healing. This article reviews the current best evidence and concepts about secondary healing in fingertip injuries.
Alaqeel Ahmed A Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Room 1195, 1403 29th St NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2L 2T9; Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Collage of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
High-resolution ultrasound has been used as an important tool in the diagnosis, management and monitoring of both acute and chronic peripheral nerve injuries. According to literature, it demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of specific pathologies and its ability to differentiate between them. Literature has been reviewed, summarizing ...
Lunawat Rahul R Department of Urology, Pinderfields Hospital, Wakefield, Mid Yorkshire NHS Trust, - - 2014
Rupture of the testis as a result of blunt trauma is rarely seen in daily urological practice. We report an unusual case of incidental seminoma diagnosed after surgical exploration and subsequent orchidectomy of a severed testis following testicular injury as a result of trivial blunt trauma. This case highlights the ...
Raschi Emanuel E Emanuel Raschi, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Ariola Koci, Paolo Caraceni, Fabrizio De Ponti, Pharmacology Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, I-40126 Bologna BO, - - 2014
To inform clinicians on the level of hepatotoxic risk among antimycotics in the post-marketing setting, following the marketing suspension of oral ketoconazole for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). The publicly available international FAERS database (2004-2011) was used to extract DILI cases (including acute liver failure events), where antimycotics with systemic use ...
Carr Kevin R KR 1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio TX USA - - 2014
ABSTRACT Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is a demyelinating polyneuropathy resulting in sensory, motor and autonomic symptoms. The severity of the disease can range from mild to severe but it is classically described as an ascending demyelinating process. Initially thought to be the sequelae of a bacterial or viral infection, the clinical ...
Wright Andrew A Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Stepping Hill Hospital, Manchester, - - 2014
A case report of dorsal trapezoid dislocation with index and middle carpometacarpal dislocation is described. On review of the literature, this rare injury is often misdiagnosed on presentation, with difficulty in reviewing initial radiographs being a key factor. We present our case report of trapezoid dislocation and describe the "missing ...
Khmamouche Mohamed Reda - - 2014
Bleomycin is an antibiotic with antineoplastic properties. It is used in the treatment of different tumors in oncology. The mucocutaneous side effects of this drug include ulcers, scaly erythematous and bullous lesions, sclerosis, stomatitis, and pigmentary alterations. Flagellate erythema is a characteristic hyperpigmentation of bleomycin. We report a case of ...
Rai Ruju R *Department of Ophthalmology, David G. Cogan Laboratory of Ophthalmic Pathology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary; †Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School; and ‡ Department of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Ocular tick infestation is a rare occurrence. The authors report a case that is unique for being the first published example from New England, for its chronic presentation, and for the inclusion of histopathologic analysis in its diagnostic workup. A 75-year-old man was evaluated for a persistent eyelid growth secondary ...
Khoshnevisan Alireza A Department of Neurosurgery, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Central nervous system infection is a rare complication of endovascular procedures. We report a 21-year-old woman presented with headache, nausea, vomiting, and right-sided hemiparesis 4 months after endovascular embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformation. Investigations led to the diagnosis of multiple brain abscesses. This is the sixth case report of brain ...
Matthys Erin E From the *Department of Medicine, Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore, MD; †School of Medicine and Health Sciences, and ‡Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty Associates, George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
Foot dermatitis is a widespread condition, affecting men and women of all ages. Because of the location, this condition may present as a debilitating problem to those who have it. Allergic contact dermatitis involving the feet is frequently due to shoes or socks. The allergens that cause shoe dermatitis can ...
Sutton Jared J Madigan Army Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Tacoma, - - 2014
A 2 year old fully immunized male with no personal history of chicken pox presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of a rash for one week after returning from a hiking trip in a remote island in Canada. After initially being diagnosed with contact dermatitis, a diagnosis ...
Contino Christopher C Atlantic Emergency Associates, Atlantic City, New Jersey (Mr Contino); Virtua Atlantic Shore Family Practice, Northfield, New Jersey (Dr Bradbury-Golas); and Graduate Nursing, APRN Program, Felician College, Lodi, New Jersey (Dr - - 2014
Rashes are one of the most common presenting symptoms in the emergency department setting; they may be a primary diagnosis or a symptom of systemic disease. Accurate diagnosis of a rash may be challenging and requires clinical acumen, systematic history and physical examination, and judicious use of diagnostic testing. This ...
Aneja Pooja P Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, - - 2014
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease caused by hypersensitivity to Aspergillus fumigatus. A wide spectrum of plain radiographic appearances has been described in ABPA, though none are pathognomonic of ABPA. The common radiological abnormalities encountered are fleeting pulmonary opacities, bronchiectasis, and mucoid impaction. Uncommon radiological findings encountered ...
Dayal Madhu M Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
The spectrum of presentation of a victim of neurotoxic snake bite can range from mild ptosis to complete paralysis and ophthalmoplegia. We report a case of snake bite in a 10-year-old child who was comatosed with bilateral fixed dilated pupils and absent doll's eye movement that was interpreted as brain ...
El-Hennawy Hm H Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery Section, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Rollover crashes (ROCs) are responsible for almost a third of all highway vehicle occupant fatalities. Although ROCs are common and serious mechanism of injury, ROCs are under-reported. To analyze the causes, mechanism, impact and prevention of ROCs, we reviewed the literature between 1984 and 2013. By utilizing the search engines ...
Kemp Ann M AM aDepartment of Family Medicine bDivision of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, - - 2014
This review aims to provide an evidence-based overview of several pharmacotherapeutic options available for refractory anaphylaxis when intramuscular epinephrine, the drug of choice, fails to provide resolution of signs and symptoms. The evidence base for the therapy of anaphylaxis is comparatively weak and is largely based on consensus expert recommendations ...
Morshedi Maud M MM Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103-8756. Electronic address: - - 2014
Placement of a prophylactic retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter was requested in a 73-year-old woman with nickel hypersensitivity resulting in a clinical dilemma. Given that all retrievable filters contain nickel, the published literature and the Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database were reviewed; no documented case of ...
Manchette Anastasia M AM Department of Pharmacy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
No published information exists to support the safe use of ticagrelor in patients with a clopidogrel allergy. This study involved an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of patients with a documented clopidogrel allergy who subsequently received ticagrelor between July 2011 and February 2014. We report the cases of two patients ...
Erdogan Seyda S Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, - - 2014
Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma is an uncommon tumor of the testes that usually presents as a hydrocele. Here, we present the case of one patient who did not have a history of asbestos exposure. The tumor was localized in the tunica vaginalis and was composed of three pedunculated masses macroscopically. Microscopically, ...
Laftah Z Z St John's Institute of Dermatology, Guys and St Thomas' Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, SE1 7EH, - - 2014
allergic contact dermatitis to metals including gold is well recognised, however pseudolymphoma reactions remain rare with only a small number of cases reported in the literature. Cutaneous pseudolymphoma, also known as cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia, is characterised by an inflammatory response to a known or unknown stimulus resulting in a benign ...
Moscato Gianna G aDepartment of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia bOccupational Physician's Division, Local Health Authority of Sassari, Sassari cDepartment of Cardiologic, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Padua dFormerly Occupational Allergology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
Anaphylaxis is a severe form of allergic reaction that may cause death. Main triggers of anaphylaxis have been reported to also cause occupational anaphylaxis (OcAn). The purpose of this article was to summarize the current scientific evidence on OcAn and review the specific literature published in 2012 and 2013. Allergens ...
Makatsori Melina M aSection of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Imperial College London bNational Heart and Lung Institute, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, - - 2014
Allergen immunotherapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for respiratory allergies and Hymenoptera venom allergy. However, concern regarding its potential to cause anaphylaxis may limit its use. This review aims to assess whether anaphylaxis is still a worry when administering subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). Retrospective surveillance ...
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