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Results 401 - 450 of 791
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Whiting T L - - 2001
This case report describes poisoning of dairy cattle from a dermal challenge of 50 to 100 mg/kg body weight diquat. Five of 36 cattle exposed, demonstrated clinical signs of intoxication, dehydration, and death over 5 days. Diquat poisoning of cattle by the dermal route has not previously been reported.
Märtson M - - 2001
A case of a child who presented with severe and rapid shock after receiving a common adder (vipera berus berus) bite in sea water is presented. Although most poisonous snakebites in Europe tend to be relatively minor and uncomplicated, the present case highlights the need to regard all viper bites ...
Azanza R V - - 2001
Pyrodinium bahamense (var. compressum) has been the only dinoflagellate species that has caused major public health and economic problems in the Southeast Asian region for more than 2 decades now. It produces saxitoxin, a suite of toxins that cause Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP). A serious toxicological problem affecting many countries ...
Kurlan J G - - 2001
Black-spot poison ivy dermatitis is a rare manifestation of a common condition. It occurs on exposure to the resins of the plants of the Rhus family also known as Toxicodendron. We describe 5 patients with black deposits on their skin and clothing after contact with poison ivy and review the ...
Spiller H A - - 2001
The decision to treat patients who overdose with n-acetylcysteine is routinely made with a single APAP concentration drawn 4 or more hours post-ingestion. However, in cases where there are co-ingestants that may delay gastric emptying, there have been recommendations for additional concentrations to determine peak APAP concentrations. This report is ...
Anderson N R - - 2001
We describe a case of lead poisoning due to herbal remedies, presenting with an acute abdomen, raised porphyrins and increased liver enzyme activities. We suggest that lead poisoning should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the 'acute abdomen', and that the presence of liver dysfunction points to the possibility ...
Gunn B - - 2001
Two cases of toxicity from industrial exposure to hydrogen sulfide are presented. Both patients had neurological effects with loss of consciousness and amnesia along with respiratory symptoms and signs. Both were treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in addition to standard resuscitative techniques with rapid improvement. Sodium nitrite and hyperbaric oxygen ...
Rubenstein H - - 2001
This study assessed the utility of Poison Control Center data for identifying and describing occupational toxic exposures to youth and the associated health outcomes of such exposures. The authors reviewed 1997 data from the American Association of Poison Control Centers' Toxic Exposure Surveillance System for occupational exposures to persons 6 ...
Stein U - - 2001
In literature, cases of nutmeg abuse have been described repeatedly, but only one fatal case of poisoning was reported [1]. In the present case, myristicin (4 microg/ml) was detected for the first time in the postmortal serum of a 55-year-old woman. Identification was achieved with the aid of UV-VIS spectroscopy ...
Sirajuddin H - - 2001
In 1997, the Ministry of Health Malaysia introduced a surveillance programme for occupational and work-related diseases including poisonings for cases seen in government health facilities. Between June 1997 and November 1998, there were 36 cases of respiratory disease and 95 cases of poisoning by chemicals and pesticides notified while skin ...
Masumoto K - - 2001
The administration of trace elements is thought to be needed in patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition. Recently, manganese intoxication or deposition was documented in such patients. We report two cases of manganese intoxication during intermittent parenteral nutrition including manganese. Manganese had been administered for 4 years at a frequency of ...
Hoffman R J - - 2001
Clenbuterol is a long acting beta2-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of pulmonary disorders. Acute clenbuterol toxicity resembles that of other beta2-adrenergic agonists. Most previously reported cases of clenbuterol toxicity describe patients who ate livestock illicitly treated with clenbuterol. We report a case of human clenbuterol toxicity confirmed and correlated ...
Saviuc P F - - 2001
To report the first European observations of erythromelalgia due to mushroom poisoning. Clinical features of erythromelalgia were observed in 7 cases seen over 3 years. All patients had eaten the same mushrooms species, gathered in the same French alpine valley. Erythromelalgia was first described in Japan after Clitocybe acromelalga ingestion. ...
Deng J F JF Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei & School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan. - - 2001
Betel nut chewing has long been a social habit in Taiwan and other Asian and tropical countries. It produces various autonomic and psychoneurologic effects including tachycardia, flushing, warmth, cholinergic activation, alertness, and euphoria. Although the oral carcinogenic effects are well known, data concerning its acute toxicity are few. To better ...
Jason A. Mobley
We report the first records of the ingestion of a toxic California newt (Taricha torosa) and a particular species of Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus) by a Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus). This is one of only a few records of avian predation on this genus of toxic newt. Ingestion of ...
Ng S - - 2000
An outbreak of ciguatera fish poisoning in outer Melbourne in September 1997 was traced to a 16.2 kg Maori Wrasse fish imported into Victoria from Trunk Reef in Queensland. The outbreak involved 46 individuals attending a banquet at an Asian restaurant at which four different dishes prepared from the flesh ...
Mahmud Y - - 2000
An epidemic investigation was carried out on freshwater puffer poisoning incidents in Bangladesh from April 1988 to May 1996. A lot of information on 10 poisoning cases involving 55 victims was collected through newspapers, interviewing the victims and their families, concerned hospital sources or questionnaires to them. Symptoms of the ...
Cherian M A - - 2000
The potential health hazards of handling industrial fish are well documented. Wet fish in storage consume oxygen and produce poisonous gases as they spoil. In addition to oxygen depletion, various noxious agents have been demonstrated in association with spoilage including carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and ammonia. A fatal case of ...
Butera R - - 2000
Ciguatera poisoning causes mainly gastrointestinal and neurological effects of variable severity. However, symptoms of peripheral neuropathy with paresthesias and paradoxical disturbance of thermal sensation are the hallmark. Electrophysiological studies are often normal, except in severe cases. We report four people who developed mild ciguatera poisoning after barracuda ingestion. Electrophysiological studies ...
Suzuki O - - 2000
Unprecedented poisoning terrorism by use of sarin took place in Japan in 1994 and 1995. On July 25, 1998, a curry poisoning incident in Wakayama occurred resulting in the death of four people and injury of 63 people. Since then, more than 30 imitative poisoning cases have been reported by ...
van Bommel E F - - 2000
There is still debate as to the preferred extracorporeal treatment modality for severe lithium intoxication. Because lithium is readily diffusable, intermittent hemodialysis is usually performed. However, this bares the risk of a post-dialysis rebound concentration and, in the case of severe lithium poisoning collapse, aggravation of hemodynamic instability. Because of ...
Tumpowsky C M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Lead poisoning, the oldest recognized occupational disease, remains a danger for children and adults. Data collected for 664 cases reported to the Massachusetts Occupational Lead Registry in 1991-1995 were summarized in a 1998 state report. Here, the authors present some of the key findings from that report for a ...
Chin R G - - 2000
A case of attempted homicide by cyanide ingestion is reported. The victim, a 19-year-old woman, unknowingly ingested cyanide and presented to the Emergency Department unresponsive, in shock, and in profound metabolic acidosis. The differential diagnosis of this presentation and the patient's successful treatment are reviewed. The important management issues surrounding ...
Love J N - - 2000
Two fatal cases of Acebutolol intoxication are presented that demonstrate its clinical characteristics and potential lethality. A review of the literature suggests that acebutolol is one of the most toxic beta blockers when taken as an overdose. In addition to demonstrating characteristics of membrane-stabilizing activity, both fatal cases demonstrate significant ...
Kaiser K S - - 2000
Many Persian Gulf War veterans took pyridostigmine bromide (PB) during the Persian Gulf War. Previous research suggests that PB intake and insecticide exposure may reduce muscular strength. During 1994 and 1995, we examined the relationships between self-reported PB intake, self-reported exposures, and handgrip strength among 527 Gulf War veterans (GWVs) ...
Ioannides A S - - 2000
The acute respiratory distress syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal complication of severe acute iron poisoning and its pathogenesis has been linked with direct and indirect iron toxicity as well as the use of the chelator drug desferrioxamine. We report a case of severe acute respiratory decompensation in a ...
Daley W R - - 2000
Unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) exposure kills over 500 people in the U.S. annually. Outbreaks of CO poisoning have occurred after winter storms. The objective of this study was to describe clinical features and identify important risk factors of a CO poisoning outbreak occurring after a major ice storm. The study ...
Park C H - - 2000
Carbamate insecticides are commonly used agricultural insecticides. The major cause of morbidity and mortality in acute carbamate poisoning is respiratory failure associated with pulmonary edema. Although carbamate poisoning is well recognized in the clinical literature, the findings of high resolution CT (HRCT) with carbamate have not been reported. We report ...
Buchwald A L - - 2000
Unlike phenytoin, overdose from mephenytoin (CAS No. 50-12-4) is rare. A review of mephenytoin shows a number of differences from phenytoin, including structural, metabolic, pharmacodynamic, and toxicologic effects. Mephenytoin metabolism is also characterized by genetic polymorphism, which can result in prolonged elimination. Routine blood testing for phenytoin may show no ...
Klintschar M - - 1999
Although intoxications with colchicine, the alkaloid of Colchicum autumnale (meadow saffron), are well known, in most cases the intoxications are evoked by oral or parenteral preparations traditionally used as medication against gout. The accidental ingestion of Colchicum autumnale, on the other hand, is a rare event and has to our ...
Sorensen F W - - 1999
Two cases of rapid lethal intoxication with the herbicide glyphosate-trimesium (Touchdown) are presented. A 6-year-old boy who accidentally ingested a mouthful of glyphosate-trimesium died within minutes. The same happened to a 34-year-old woman who intentionally ingested approximately 150 ml of glyphosate-trimesium. The post-mortem examination revealed gastric content and oedema of ...
Elliott P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of clinical lead poisoning in England based on routine sources of data. METHODS: Three routine data sources were examined, over different periods according to availability of data: (a) mortality for England, 1981-96; (b) hospital episode statistics data for England, for the 3 years 1 April ...
Khan S A - - 1999
Five-hundred and ten cases of ethylene glycol (EG) exposures in animals were compiled by the ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center from July 1995 through December 1997. Case distribution was analyzed by species, sex, age, weight, seasonality, treatment intervention and final outcome. Dogs and cats were most commonly involved (98.0%). ...
Hall R C - - 1999
A thin, healthy, partial-vegetarian, white female, who was exposed to three doses of lindane (through the application of Kwell), developed a severe case of long-term lindane poisoning. Review of the literature suggests that her toxicity was so severe because of the repetitive nature of her exposure and the fact that ...
Xia Z L - - 1999
The authors carried out a descriptive analysis of acute chemical intoxication in a large petrochemical corporation with 38,000 employees, located in a suburban district of Shanghai, China, to determine the chemicals involved and the primary causes of the incidents. Between 1977 and 1997, 350 cases of acute chemical-intoxication were recorded, ...
Pedaci L - - 1999
The literature often ascribes significant morbidity to Dieffenbachia exposures. However, poison center experience suggests a discordant view from that presented in the literature. This project determined if the symptoms described in the literature were consistent with clinical practice. To profile the symptoms reported in the literature, an extensive literature search ...
Steenkamp V - - 1999
Poisoning with impila (Callilepis laureola) is a recurring phenomenon in South Africa. Cases of poisoning with other plants which contain atractyloside also occur in Europe and the Americas. Since poisoning leads to rapid death from renal and/or hepatic failure, it is suspected that many cases are undiagnosed; this is especially ...
Humphreys S D - - 1999
DBE is transported in the UK in road tankers and there is always the possibility of an accident. The consequences could be serious, since this chemical is absorbed by all routes, rapidly penetrates clothing and there is no effective antidote. Severe cases of poisoning are difficult to treat and there ...
Frazier K - - 1999
A 10-y retrospective study of aldicarb intoxication in domestic animals from 1988 to 1998 is provided from animals submitted to the University of Georgia Veterinary Diagnostic and Investigational Laboratory. Within the period examined, 162 separate cases were confirmed and 18 additional cases were suspected based on bioassay but could not ...
Daisley H - - 1999
We report on two cases of homicide by paraquat poisoning. Both cases occurred in children and the common clinical presentations were gastrointestinal ulceration and acute respiratory distress, with pneumomediastinitis. Bullous emphysema was a common autopsy finding. Physicians and pathologists should be aware of these findings, for they are almost diagnostic ...
Chi C H - - 1999
Hypotension is one of the most important predictors of mortality in sodium monofluoroacetate (SMFA) intoxication. This paper reports the hemodynamic response in one fatal and another survival case of SMFA intoxication. Despite correction of hypovolemia and with inotropic support, the patients remained in shock. Hemodynamic observations have provided evidence that ...
Keyler D E - - 1999
Copperhead envenomation cases reported in the literature frequently lack identification of the subspecies of copperhead responsible for the envenomation. Whether subspecific identity would be useful in predicting possible different toxicity profiles may have clinical relevance. We report here the clinical profiles from envenomations involving 3 different subspecies of captive adult ...
Woolf A - - 1999
Occasionally children are the victims of mass poisoning from an environmental contaminant that occurs due to an unexpected common point source of exposure. In many cases the contaminant is a widely used chemical generally considered to be safe. In the following case, members of a sports team visiting a community ...
van Weeren P R - - 1999
This article describes a case of massive mortality among horses which was probably due to intoxication by pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Heliotropium indicum. Over 4 years more than 75% of a population of about 110 horses on a farm in Costa Rica died after showing nervous neurological symptoms. Two clinical manifestations ...
Prakash M S - - 1999
Ethylene-di-bromide is a popular fumigant. Delayed long-term effects of this chemical include carcinogenicity and genotoxicity in animals. Only a few cases of acute ethylene-di-bromide toxicity have been reported and all of them have resulted in a fatal outcome. We report the first case of ethylene-di-bromide poisoning presenting with acute renal ...
Ornstein D L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Successful organ donation has been reported after death from poisonings with cyanide, carbon monoxide, methanol, benzodiazepines, and tricyclic antidepressants. In this report, we describe a case of multiple organ donation from a previously healthy individual who died from poisoning with the long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide, brodifacoum. METHODS: Case report and ...
Daisley H H - - 1999
A prospective autopsy study was undertaken at General Hospital in San Fernando, Trinidad, to analyze deaths that occurred from poisoning during 1996 and 1997. During that period 105 deaths occurred from acute poisoning. The major poisons used were: paraquat (80 cases), organophosphate/carbamate insecticides (10 cases), and anti-psychotic drugs (6 cases). ...
Lee H L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Taiwan and herbicides are most frequently implicated. Imazapyr [2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2 imidazoline-2-yl)nicotinic acid] is a new herbicide, recently registered in Taiwan under the tradename "Arsenal" (Imazapyr 23.1%, Cyanamid Taiwan Corporation, Taipei). Imazapyr is also marketed as Assault, Chopper, Contain, ...
Sperhake J - - 1999
Two cases of fatal oral poisoning are presented. In the first case, a 40-year-old man died due to a lethal dose of mercury (blood concentration 113.8 microg/ml) and in the second, a 34-year-old man died of chloralhydrate overdose with a lethal blood concentration of trichloroethanol (52 microg/ml), the active metabolite ...
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