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Results 401 - 450 of 812
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Al-Khafaji Ali H - - 2002
We report a case of toxicity from the drug solvent propylene glycol resulting from prolonged, large-dose lorazepam infusion. The case is unusual in that toxicity developed during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration with dialysis, a renal replacement therapy that should been have been effective at eliminating the chemical and its metabolites.
- - 2002
As of May 15, 2002, a total of 13 presumptive cases of saxitoxin poisoning were reported in Florida residents who ate pufferfish caught in waters near Titusville, Florida. Five cases were reported in April, and eight cases were identified through increased surveillance by Florida poison control centers, hospital emergency departments ...
Maxwell M J - - 2002
Colchicine overdose is uncommon but potentially life threatening. It is a safe drug when used according to established therapeutic guidelines but causes serious systemic effects if ingested in doses that exceed the recommendations. Overdose must therefore be recognised early and treated appropriately to optimise the outcome. A fatal case of ...
Cobb Douglas B - - 2002
The leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) is a relatively new class of asthma medication with a lack of toxicity for unintentional poisoningsituations. This makes it difficult to determine which exposures require aggressive decontamination or simple monitoring in the home setting: prompting the question, "What LTRA dose is likely to produce significant ...
Borst G H A - - 2002
Second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides can give rise to unexpected casualties in nontarget species in zoos. The first two offspring of a pair of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) died of brodifacoum toxicosis. The adult birds fed rodenticide-killed mice to their offspring. There are previous case reports of small carnivorous birds (Dacelo novae-guinae ...
Tagwireyi D - - 2002
A retrospective study of the pattern of poisoning cases admitted to eight major urban referral hospitals in Zimbabwe over a 2-year period (1998-1999 inclusive) was conducted to describe the pattern of poisoning at these centres. There were a total of 2764 hospital admissions due to poisoning, involving a total of ...
Nakamura Hidefumi - - 2002
The authors describe five pediatric cases of excessive pemoline ingestion. Based on their experience compared with previously reported cases in the literature, they describe the clinical presentation and rational treatment recommendations for acute pemoline ingestion. Overall, patients experienced a relatively benign clinical course following pemoline ingestion. Symptoms of pemoline ingestion ...
Kajiyama Yo - - 2002
A 2-year-old girl presented with vomiting and diarrhea 7 hours after eating a large quantity of ginkgo seeds. She exhibited an afebrile convulsion 9 hours after ingestion. The serum concentration of 4-metoxypyridoxine was as high as 360 ng/mL. Although reported cases of ginkgo seed poisoning usually involve children who exhibit ...
Birrer Richard B - - 2002
Hypermagnesemia is a rare cause of coma in a patient with normal renal function. When present, it is often because of iatrogenic medication overdose. We report a fatal case of chronic Epsom salt gargles for halitosis that produced a serum magnesium of 23.6 mg/dL (9.8 mmol/L) and resulted in coma. ...
Horowitz B Zane - - 2002
Pesticide-related illness should be reported by physicians to state health departments. Since poison centers (PC) are involved in the management of many of these cases, it may be assumed that they should report these cases. A 5-y audit of pesticide related illness reported to a centralized state pesticide oversight agency ...
Gómez L - - 2002
This study was undertaken to demonstrate the toxicity of two pesticides, chlorpyrifos (O,O-diethyl 0-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate) and 2,4-D (Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) to tench (Tinca tinca Linnaeus). Pathological samples of damaged tench kidney showing lesions were taken for statistical analysis in order to quantify different parameters. Analysis revealed differences in the action and/or ...
Burney Ian A - - 2002
Examines how, when confronted with a case of possible criminal poisoning, early-19th-century English toxicologists sought to generate and to represent their evidence in the courtroom. Contends that in both these activities, toxicologists were inextricably engaged in a complex communicative exercise. On the one hand, they distanced themselves from the instabilities ...
Henderson William R - - 2002
Poisoning is an uncommon but potentially fatal outcome of toxic alcohol ingestion. The toxic alcohols methanol, ethylene glycol and isopropyl alcohol are commonly found in household and commercial products. Because the toxic effects are caused by the metabolites of methanol and ethylene glycol rather than the agents themselves, there is ...
Moghadamnia A A - - 2002
We examined the causes and mortality of poisoning in the province of Mazandaran. In all, 1751 poisoning cases referred to four main hospitals over a three-year period (1997-2000) were included. More poisoning cases were females (55.5%) than males (45.5%) but the proportional mortality for males was greater than for females ...
Ting J Y - - 2001
Ciguatera poisoning, a toxinological syndrome comprising an enigmatic mixture of gastrointestinal, neurocutaneous and constitutional symptoms, is a common food-borne illness related to contaminated fish consumption. As many as 50000 cases worldwide are reported annually, and the condition is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of the Pacific Basin, Indian Ocean ...
Puschner B - - 2001
Poisoning in the horse can present a highly complex case. The practitioner, owner, toxicologist, and pathologist play important roles, and all contribute information that may be important to the case. Once all the information is available, all the evidence is collected (historical, clinical, pathologic, and analytic), and proper sampling of ...
Spiller H A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Activated charcoal (AC) is recognized as the treatment of choice for gastrointestinal decontamination after many ingestions. AC use in the home has been limited by concerns that parents would not administer it properly and that children would refuse to take AC. Previous descriptions of home administration have reported mixed ...
Papanikolaou N - - 2001
Paraquat is a synthetic, nonselective, contact herbicide, which causes injury to tissues following contact. When ingested in sufficient amounts, paraquat has life-threatening effects on the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidney, liver, heart and other organs. This is a case report of a 15-year-old girl from an agricultural area who was admitted ...
- - 2001
During January-February 2001, eight cases of acute illness in the county of Ragusa, Italy, were reported to the Italian National Institute for Health (INIH) by the Milan Poison Control Center (MPCC) and were attributed to exposure to Dormex, a plant growth regulator with hydrogen cyanamide as the active ingredient. These ...
Gupta B D - - 2001
A young adult male of about 25 years of age consumed a glass (about 300 ml) of Bhang on the holy occasion of ShivRatri. The deceased died within 24 hours of consuming the Bhang. The deceased had suffered from rheumatic heart disease with multiple valvular involvements. He had also undergone ...
Buffum J C - - 2001
The patient-reported toxicity of an overdose of intravenous methamphetamine is described. The authors report the case of a 34-year old man who inadvertently injected himself with approximately 2.3 grams of methamphetamine. The patient reported disorientation, hallucinations, hyperthermia, photophobia, orthostasis and extreme ataxia. He recovered in seven days without apparent sequelae. ...
Whiting T L - - 2001
This case report describes poisoning of dairy cattle from a dermal challenge of 50 to 100 mg/kg body weight diquat. Five of 36 cattle exposed, demonstrated clinical signs of intoxication, dehydration, and death over 5 days. Diquat poisoning of cattle by the dermal route has not previously been reported.
Märtson M - - 2001
A case of a child who presented with severe and rapid shock after receiving a common adder (vipera berus berus) bite in sea water is presented. Although most poisonous snakebites in Europe tend to be relatively minor and uncomplicated, the present case highlights the need to regard all viper bites ...
Azanza R V - - 2001
Pyrodinium bahamense (var. compressum) has been the only dinoflagellate species that has caused major public health and economic problems in the Southeast Asian region for more than 2 decades now. It produces saxitoxin, a suite of toxins that cause Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP). A serious toxicological problem affecting many countries ...
Kurlan J G - - 2001
Black-spot poison ivy dermatitis is a rare manifestation of a common condition. It occurs on exposure to the resins of the plants of the Rhus family also known as Toxicodendron. We describe 5 patients with black deposits on their skin and clothing after contact with poison ivy and review the ...
Spiller H A - - 2001
The decision to treat patients who overdose with n-acetylcysteine is routinely made with a single APAP concentration drawn 4 or more hours post-ingestion. However, in cases where there are co-ingestants that may delay gastric emptying, there have been recommendations for additional concentrations to determine peak APAP concentrations. This report is ...
Anderson N R - - 2001
We describe a case of lead poisoning due to herbal remedies, presenting with an acute abdomen, raised porphyrins and increased liver enzyme activities. We suggest that lead poisoning should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the 'acute abdomen', and that the presence of liver dysfunction points to the possibility ...
Gunn B - - 2001
Two cases of toxicity from industrial exposure to hydrogen sulfide are presented. Both patients had neurological effects with loss of consciousness and amnesia along with respiratory symptoms and signs. Both were treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in addition to standard resuscitative techniques with rapid improvement. Sodium nitrite and hyperbaric oxygen ...
Rubenstein H - - 2001
This study assessed the utility of Poison Control Center data for identifying and describing occupational toxic exposures to youth and the associated health outcomes of such exposures. The authors reviewed 1997 data from the American Association of Poison Control Centers' Toxic Exposure Surveillance System for occupational exposures to persons 6 ...
Stein U - - 2001
In literature, cases of nutmeg abuse have been described repeatedly, but only one fatal case of poisoning was reported [1]. In the present case, myristicin (4 microg/ml) was detected for the first time in the postmortal serum of a 55-year-old woman. Identification was achieved with the aid of UV-VIS spectroscopy ...
Sirajuddin H - - 2001
In 1997, the Ministry of Health Malaysia introduced a surveillance programme for occupational and work-related diseases including poisonings for cases seen in government health facilities. Between June 1997 and November 1998, there were 36 cases of respiratory disease and 95 cases of poisoning by chemicals and pesticides notified while skin ...
Masumoto K - - 2001
The administration of trace elements is thought to be needed in patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition. Recently, manganese intoxication or deposition was documented in such patients. We report two cases of manganese intoxication during intermittent parenteral nutrition including manganese. Manganese had been administered for 4 years at a frequency of ...
Hoffman R J - - 2001
Clenbuterol is a long acting beta2-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of pulmonary disorders. Acute clenbuterol toxicity resembles that of other beta2-adrenergic agonists. Most previously reported cases of clenbuterol toxicity describe patients who ate livestock illicitly treated with clenbuterol. We report a case of human clenbuterol toxicity confirmed and correlated ...
Saviuc P F - - 2001
To report the first European observations of erythromelalgia due to mushroom poisoning. Clinical features of erythromelalgia were observed in 7 cases seen over 3 years. All patients had eaten the same mushrooms species, gathered in the same French alpine valley. Erythromelalgia was first described in Japan after Clitocybe acromelalga ingestion. ...
Deng J F JF Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei & School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan. - - 2001
Betel nut chewing has long been a social habit in Taiwan and other Asian and tropical countries. It produces various autonomic and psychoneurologic effects including tachycardia, flushing, warmth, cholinergic activation, alertness, and euphoria. Although the oral carcinogenic effects are well known, data concerning its acute toxicity are few. To better ...
Jason A. Mobley
We report the first records of the ingestion of a toxic California newt (Taricha torosa) and a particular species of Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus) by a Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus). This is one of only a few records of avian predation on this genus of toxic newt. Ingestion of ...
Ng S - - 2000
An outbreak of ciguatera fish poisoning in outer Melbourne in September 1997 was traced to a 16.2 kg Maori Wrasse fish imported into Victoria from Trunk Reef in Queensland. The outbreak involved 46 individuals attending a banquet at an Asian restaurant at which four different dishes prepared from the flesh ...
Mahmud Y - - 2000
An epidemic investigation was carried out on freshwater puffer poisoning incidents in Bangladesh from April 1988 to May 1996. A lot of information on 10 poisoning cases involving 55 victims was collected through newspapers, interviewing the victims and their families, concerned hospital sources or questionnaires to them. Symptoms of the ...
Cherian M A - - 2000
The potential health hazards of handling industrial fish are well documented. Wet fish in storage consume oxygen and produce poisonous gases as they spoil. In addition to oxygen depletion, various noxious agents have been demonstrated in association with spoilage including carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and ammonia. A fatal case of ...
Butera R - - 2000
Ciguatera poisoning causes mainly gastrointestinal and neurological effects of variable severity. However, symptoms of peripheral neuropathy with paresthesias and paradoxical disturbance of thermal sensation are the hallmark. Electrophysiological studies are often normal, except in severe cases. We report four people who developed mild ciguatera poisoning after barracuda ingestion. Electrophysiological studies ...
Suzuki O - - 2000
Unprecedented poisoning terrorism by use of sarin took place in Japan in 1994 and 1995. On July 25, 1998, a curry poisoning incident in Wakayama occurred resulting in the death of four people and injury of 63 people. Since then, more than 30 imitative poisoning cases have been reported by ...
van Bommel E F - - 2000
There is still debate as to the preferred extracorporeal treatment modality for severe lithium intoxication. Because lithium is readily diffusable, intermittent hemodialysis is usually performed. However, this bares the risk of a post-dialysis rebound concentration and, in the case of severe lithium poisoning collapse, aggravation of hemodynamic instability. Because of ...
Tumpowsky C M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Lead poisoning, the oldest recognized occupational disease, remains a danger for children and adults. Data collected for 664 cases reported to the Massachusetts Occupational Lead Registry in 1991-1995 were summarized in a 1998 state report. Here, the authors present some of the key findings from that report for a ...
Chin R G - - 2000
A case of attempted homicide by cyanide ingestion is reported. The victim, a 19-year-old woman, unknowingly ingested cyanide and presented to the Emergency Department unresponsive, in shock, and in profound metabolic acidosis. The differential diagnosis of this presentation and the patient's successful treatment are reviewed. The important management issues surrounding ...
Love J N - - 2000
Two fatal cases of Acebutolol intoxication are presented that demonstrate its clinical characteristics and potential lethality. A review of the literature suggests that acebutolol is one of the most toxic beta blockers when taken as an overdose. In addition to demonstrating characteristics of membrane-stabilizing activity, both fatal cases demonstrate significant ...
Kaiser K S - - 2000
Many Persian Gulf War veterans took pyridostigmine bromide (PB) during the Persian Gulf War. Previous research suggests that PB intake and insecticide exposure may reduce muscular strength. During 1994 and 1995, we examined the relationships between self-reported PB intake, self-reported exposures, and handgrip strength among 527 Gulf War veterans (GWVs) ...
Ioannides A S - - 2000
The acute respiratory distress syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal complication of severe acute iron poisoning and its pathogenesis has been linked with direct and indirect iron toxicity as well as the use of the chelator drug desferrioxamine. We report a case of severe acute respiratory decompensation in a ...
Daley W R - - 2000
Unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) exposure kills over 500 people in the U.S. annually. Outbreaks of CO poisoning have occurred after winter storms. The objective of this study was to describe clinical features and identify important risk factors of a CO poisoning outbreak occurring after a major ice storm. The study ...
Park C H - - 2000
Carbamate insecticides are commonly used agricultural insecticides. The major cause of morbidity and mortality in acute carbamate poisoning is respiratory failure associated with pulmonary edema. Although carbamate poisoning is well recognized in the clinical literature, the findings of high resolution CT (HRCT) with carbamate have not been reported. We report ...
Buchwald A L - - 2000
Unlike phenytoin, overdose from mephenytoin (CAS No. 50-12-4) is rare. A review of mephenytoin shows a number of differences from phenytoin, including structural, metabolic, pharmacodynamic, and toxicologic effects. Mephenytoin metabolism is also characterized by genetic polymorphism, which can result in prolonged elimination. Routine blood testing for phenytoin may show no ...
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