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Results 351 - 400 of 833
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Sebe Ahmet - - 2005
The increasing use of organophosphorus insecticides in agriculture and inside homes and schools, as well as its widespread existence in the environment, poses a potential health hazard. As the use of these agents increases, acute and chronic exposure has become more common. As with other organophosphates, chlorpyrifos kills insects and ...
Elinav Eran - - 2005
Amitraz is commonly used in agricultural industries throughout the world as a farm-animal insecticide. Despite its widespread use, amitraz intoxication is extremely rare and mainly occurs through accidental ingestion by young children. Severe, life-threatening amitraz intoxication in adults is very rarely recognized and reported. Described herein is a previously healthy ...
Lynch Emma - - 2005
The popularity of traditional remedies has greatly increased in westernised countries over recent years. Although many of these remedies are used safely, there have recently been an increasing number of case reports being published of heavy metal poisoning after the use of traditional remedies, in particular, Indian Ayurvedic remedies. This ...
Recena Maria Celina Piazza - - 2006
Exposure to pesticides has been the source of many acute and chronic health problems in the rural population, mainly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to characterize the poisonings from acute exposure to agricultural pesticides used in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 1992 ...
Satar Salim - - 2005
Experience with overdosage and toxicity with the alpha-adrenoreceptor antagonists remains very limited in the literature. In this paper, the second case in the literature with doxazosin overdosage is reported. Supportive treatment was given to the patient and the patient was discharged 48 hours after admission to the emergency department.
Schwartz Michael D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Methyl iodide is a monohalomethane used as an analytic and organic chemistry reagent, as a methylating agent in organic chemical synthesis, and as a fumigant. In an acute exposure, methyl iodide is a pulmonary and dermal irritant. Chronic neurotoxicity has been reported in survivors of acute exposure. METHODS: A ...
Nagami Hiroshi - - 2005
Data concerning clinical cases of pesticide poisoning from 1998 to 2002 from the hospitals affiliated with the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine were analyzed. 346 cases of poisoning by agricultural chemicals were reported from 65 hospitals. Suicides accounted for 70% of pesticide poisoning cases, followed by accidental exposures during spraying ...
Odriozola E - - 2005
CASE HISTORY: This report describes an outbreak of high mortality of heifers after they consumed harvested maize fields parasitised with the fungus Diplodia maydis. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Clinical signs observed were generalised muscle tremors, incoordination, ataxic hindquarters, paralysis and death. The morbidity of the outbreak was 27/500 (5.4 %) and mortality ...
Sukumaran S S Department of Neurology, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont Road, Dublin 9, - - 2005
Seven new anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) have become available in Ireland over the last 10 years; data from animal models and clinical trials suggest that they have a superior safety profile to older AEDs. A specific relationship between epilepsy and psychiatric co-morbidity has long been recognised, including the relationship between epilepsy ...
Newton K E - - 2005
An autistic patient living in a residential home presented with symptoms of weight loss and abdominal pain. On investigation, she was found to have lead poisoning from an unusual source. Her treatment proved difficult due to failure to cooperate, and a 'best-case' protocol was devised. The positive identification of a ...
Melhus Asa - - 2005
Fluoroquinolones are the most potent oral antibiotics in clinical use today. Increasingly, these drugs are being prescribed for relatively benign infections and for new categories of patients, including paediatric patients. As their use becomes more frequent, so will the adverse events. This review focuses on a rare but debilitating adverse ...
Seldén Anders I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Molybdenum is an essential trace element and a component of xanthine oxidase, which catalyses the formation of urate. The toxicity of molybdenum in humans is considered to be low, but hyperuricaemia and gout-like symptoms have been observed sporadically. METHODS: A case of hyperuricaemia and gouty arthritis in a young ...
Gülo─člu Cahfer - - 2005
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the biological effects of acute poisoning, the nature of agents involved and the pattern of poisoning in Diyarbakir City, in the Southeast Anatolian region of Turkey, during 2000. METHOD: Hospital records of all admissions to the Emergency Department (ED) of Dicle University Hospital ...
Coyle Patricia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Lead stabilizers (e.g., lead sulfate, lead stearate) are common additives in plastics used in electrical devices. In 1997, three plastics compounders at one California company were severely lead-poisoned. METHODS: The poisonings were investigated by interviewing the workers, employer, and treating physician and reviewing medical records and environmental monitoring results. ...
Cantrell F Lee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Calcium channel antagonists (CCAs) are known to cause significant toxicity in overdose. Determining triage guidelines for CCAs is an important but difficult task. This study was designed to determine if an unintentional overdose of a patient's CCA could result in clinically significant cardiovascular (CV) symptoms (hypotension, bradycardia, conduction disturbances). ...
Llinares M E - - 2005
Accidental extravasation of vesicant chemotherapy may cause important tissue injuries. Nowadays, the majority of authors propose topical dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), with or without local cooling, as the treatment of choise efor anthracyclines extravasation. No significant toxicity has been reported when DMSO is used as topical treatment. This report describes a ...
Tao Y - - 2005
A few papers in the literature reported incident deaths by acute ketamine poisoning. In this paper, we report an unusual homicide caused by chronic ketamine poisoning. The victim was a 34-year old married woman with no previous medical history (except as reported herein) who died in her own home. The ...
Venturini M - - 2005
The commercial growing of white mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is a frequent activity in certain Spain regions as La Rioja. We report two cases of white mushroom workers suffering from asthma caused by hypersensitivity to basidiocarp and spores of white mushroom.
Dart Richard C RC Department of Surgery (Emergency Medicine), Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver Health, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA. - - 2005
Sustained release (SR) formulations of paracetamol (acetaminophen) have been introduced in several countries to provide lasting pain relief and reduced risk of rebound pain. However, few studies have evaluated the safety of paracetamol SR formulations. To assess the available published safety data regarding SR formulations of paracetamol, the EMBASE and ...
Hoenerhoff M - - 2004
Copper toxicity has been described in numerous domestic species. The characteristic lesions include hemoglobinuric nephrosis and piecemeal hepatic necrosis with bile ductular hyperplasia and portal fibrosis. Certain species, such as sheep, are prone to toxicity when exposed to copper in feed, whereas an inherent genetic defect of copper storage is ...
Kosal M E - - 2004
In the late winter of 2003, a number of livestock animals in the Midwest were poisoned due the accidental contamination of a popular commercial feed with a lethal additive. Although all the evidence indicates this incident had no malicious or terrorist intent, it is informative as a case study highlighting ...
Reeves M P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical characteristics of toad toxicity in domestic dogs in Brisbane. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical cases. PROCEDURE: All cases of toad poisoning which presented to a northern suburbs emergency clinic in Brisbane over a 30-month period beginning in April 1999 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total ...
Liechti Matthias E - - 2004
We analysed 141 cases of Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and Gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) intoxication reported by physicians to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between 1995 and 2003. GHB and GBL intoxication are associated with considerable morbidity. Multiple drug use is common. Overdosing frequently results in non-reactive coma, which accounts for the severity ...
Roberts Darren M - - 2004
We describe a case of refractory status epilepticus presenting to a rural general hospital in Sri Lanka. This patient's condition was precipitated by intentional self-poisoning with the organochlorine insecticide endosulfan. Although rarely seen in developed countries, pesticide poisoning particularly with endosulfan is an important cause of difficult-to-manage seizures in Asian ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2004
About 90 scorpion species occur in the US, and scorpion stings accounted for over 15,600 calls to poison centers in the US in 2002. However, epidemiologic information on scorpion envenomations in the US, and Texas in particular, is limited. This study investigated the relationship between epidemiological factors and the scorpion ...
Segura Luis J - - 2004
Citalopram, an antidepressant whose use has become more widespread in Spain in recent years participates directly and indirectly in the lethal mechanism in voluntary and involuntary poisonings. There were 30 cases of autopsies in the Madrid region where citalopram and other psychoactive substances (psychotropic drugs, alcohol, opiates) were detected in ...
Stella Julian - - 2004
Glyphosate surfactant herbicide (GlySH) toxicity is an uncommon poisoning. We report two fatalities involving suicidal ingestion of this herbicide. Both deaths occurred despite early recognition of the serious nature of the poisoning and aggressive treatment. The deaths in this series are analysed in the context of a review of existing ...
Unluoglu Ilhani - - 2004
The aim of this study was the analysis of mushroom poisonings (MP) in children in Central Anatolia. Cases younger than 18 y-of-age, who presented and were diagnosed as MP between January 1991 and December 2002 were evaluated for gender, age, presenting month, city of residence, first noticed symptoms, vital signs, ...
Koontz Stephanie L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we presented 2 cases and evaluated the evidence for symptomatic hypocalcemia after treatment with magnesium sulfate alone or combined with use of nifedipine. STUDY DESIGN: Case reports, such as the one that follows, and literature review were used. A 25-year-old gravida presented at 33 weeks' gestation ...
Hendrickson Robert G - - 2004
Pilocarpine has been used as an ophthalmologic agent for decades; however, toxicity rarely has been reported in the medical literature. Oral pilocarpine tablets, as well as another muscarinic agent (cevimeline), have recently been approved for the treatment of dry mouth (xerostomia). We report a case of unintentional overdose of oral ...
Anuradha S - - 2004
We report a case of systemic poisoning with para-phenylenediamine (PPD) presenting with characteristic features of severe angioneurotic edema, rhabdomyolysis and intravascular hemolysis with hemoglobinuria culminating in acute renal failure. Though rare in western countries, such poisoning is not uncommon in East Africa, Indian subcontinent and Middle East countries. We discuss ...
Jafek Bruce W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential mineral. Beneficial zinc absorption takes place via enteral, parenteral, or cutaneous routes. However, direct application to the olfactory epithelium has been reported to cause loss of smell. Recently, intranasal zinc gluconate has been recommended as a treatment for the common cold. Severe posttreatment hyposmia and ...
Fleischli M A - - 2004
We reviewed the U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) mortality database from 1980 to 2000 to identify cases of poisoning caused by organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. From the 35,022 cases from which one or more avian carcasses were submitted to the NWHC for necropsy, we identified 335 mortality ...
Johnson Thomas B - - 2004
This case of an unintentional ingestion of an unknown amount of potassium permanganate by a 5-year-old boy, and its sequelae, exemplifies the potential danger of this poison. Due to the wide availability of this agent in over-the-counter preparations and the high potential for serious sequelae, clinicians should be aware of ...
Harper Adam - - 2004
Carbon monoxide poisoning represents a potentially preventable and reversible cause of mortality and morbidity if sources and cases can be identified. The elderly have been shown to be particularly at risk. Concerns continue to be raised about potential unrecognised cases of carbon monoxide poisoning. These concerns arise from difficulties in ...
Sas David - - 2004
We report the case of a 9-month-old girl who presented in septic shock after ingestion of a contaminated herbal supplement commonly used to treat colic. Herbal supplements are widely used by well-meaning parents for many common conditions. Pediatricians should be aware that the variable manufacturing and packaging conditions of herbal ...
Kwok K L - - 2004
Paracetamol has always been regarded as a useful and safe drug. The risk of toxicity with repeated supratherapeutic paracetamol is an underrecognised condition. We report on a 12-month-old boy who presented with hepatotoxicity, disseminated intravascular coagulation and persistent renal insufficiency 4 days after repeated ingestion of a supratherapeutic dosage of ...
Targosz Dorota - - 2004
The patterns (frequency, poisoning type, toxic agent involved) of adolescent and adult poisonings in Kraków in 1972 and 2002 are presented. The analysis includes data for poisoned patients treated at the Kraków Department of Clinical Toxicology in 2002 and 1972, and all on the spot fatal cases subjected to post-mortem ...
Prasad Rama S - - 2003
Quinine is widely used for nocturnal leg cramps, despite limited evidence of its clinical efficacy in this condition. Accidental overdose is associated with serious ocular complications and can potentially be fatal. We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with acute confusion and bilateral blindness after consuming approximately ...
Diniz Pedro Paulo V P - - 2003
Amphetamine abuse in human beings has increased, resulting in many reports of toxicity and death. In the US over 4 million people have abused amphetamines at least once, thus small animals are exposed to increased accidental poisoning risk. This report describes an acute amphetamine poisoning in a dog due to ...
Clarot Franck - - 2003
First synthesized in 1970, propafenone is a frequently used 1C antiarrhythmic drug metabolized into two major metabolites, 5-hydroxypropafenone and norpropafenone. Paradoxically, fatal intoxication is rarely described, and only six cases have been reported in the literature. We report our experience with two patients found dead of self-inflicted poisoning where the ...
Melamud Alex A Cole Eye Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, - - 2003
Ethambutol is an antimicrobial agent used frequently to treat tuberculosis. The most commonly recognized toxic effect of ethambutol is optic neuropathy, which generally is considered uncommon and reversible in medical literature. We describe a 43-year-old man who developed signs and symptoms of bilateral optic neuropathy during treatment with ethambutol. This ...
Khosla Uday - - 2003
Antihistamines, which are readily available over the counter in sleeping aids, are commonly found in intentional overdoses. We report three new cases of severe rhabdomyolysis related to ingestion of these agents. This is a rarely reported but potentially overlooked complication among patients who present to the emergency center after intentional ...
Loretti Alexandre Paulino - - 2003
A single case of accidental fatal poisoning by Dieffenbachia picta, (dumb cane) (Araceae) in a 9-y-old female Poodle is described. Clinical signs included severe, locally extensive erosive/ulcerative glossitis accompanied by marked dyspnea of acute onset. The animal did not respond to emergency procedures to relieve severe respiratory distress; fatal asphyxiation ...
Batra A K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ninety-nine percent of fatal poisonings occur in developing countries, particularly among agricultural workers. In a particular area, it is important to known the magnitude and pattern of acute poisonings, as it is important for early diagnosis and treatment and also for preventive measures. METHODS: Hospital records of all unnatural ...
Kuhlman James J JJ - - 2003
We report the rapidly increasing finding of fentanyl in medical examiner cases in southwestern Virginia. During the past 3 years, fentanyl cases have increased from 3 in 2000 to 12 in 2002. The first medical examiner case of 2003 was a fentanyl poisoning. Nineteen of 23 cases were attributed to ...
Doty John D - - 2003
The case of a 49-year-old alcoholic man with obtundation is presented. The patient was presumptively diagnosed with methanol intoxication due to the presence of metabolic acidosis with high anion and osmolar gaps. Laboratory testing revealed toxic levels of propylene glycol instead. An exercise in estimating the concentration of toxic alcohols ...
Lall S B - - 2003
A simple pro forma was used for a retrospective study of poisoning cases at 45 health institutions in Oman during January-December 2000. No deaths were recorded among 2009 cases of acute poisoning. A quarter of all cases (55.8% of paediatric cases) were children aged 1-4 years. The largest category (59.5%) ...
Khan Sarosh A - - 2003
Five cases of toxicity due to consumption of an uncommon wild fruit called Colocynth are described. These cases were seen over a period of 2 years. Severe bouts of bloody diarrhea were encountered in these patients. The plant, its ingredients, the medicinal and other uses, features of toxicity and the ...
Rush Jennifer A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the sources of information accessed by parents/caregivers following an incident of child poison ingestion, prior to their presentation to an ED. METHODS: A questionnaire based survey of the parents/caregivers of children presenting to the Mater Children's Hospital Emergency Department with poisoning from March to October 2001. RESULTS: ...
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