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Seldén Anders I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Molybdenum is an essential trace element and a component of xanthine oxidase, which catalyses the formation of urate. The toxicity of molybdenum in humans is considered to be low, but hyperuricaemia and gout-like symptoms have been observed sporadically. METHODS: A case of hyperuricaemia and gouty arthritis in a young ...
Güloğlu Cahfer - - 2005
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the biological effects of acute poisoning, the nature of agents involved and the pattern of poisoning in Diyarbakir City, in the Southeast Anatolian region of Turkey, during 2000. METHOD: Hospital records of all admissions to the Emergency Department (ED) of Dicle University Hospital ...
Coyle Patricia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Lead stabilizers (e.g., lead sulfate, lead stearate) are common additives in plastics used in electrical devices. In 1997, three plastics compounders at one California company were severely lead-poisoned. METHODS: The poisonings were investigated by interviewing the workers, employer, and treating physician and reviewing medical records and environmental monitoring results. ...
Dart Richard C - - 2005
Sustained release (SR) formulations of paracetamol (acetaminophen) have been introduced in several countries to provide lasting pain relief and reduced risk of rebound pain. However, few studies have evaluated the safety of paracetamol SR formulations. To assess the available published safety data regarding SR formulations of paracetamol, the EMBASE and ...
Cantrell F Lee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Calcium channel antagonists (CCAs) are known to cause significant toxicity in overdose. Determining triage guidelines for CCAs is an important but difficult task. This study was designed to determine if an unintentional overdose of a patient's CCA could result in clinically significant cardiovascular (CV) symptoms (hypotension, bradycardia, conduction disturbances). ...
Llinares M E - - 2005
Accidental extravasation of vesicant chemotherapy may cause important tissue injuries. Nowadays, the majority of authors propose topical dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), with or without local cooling, as the treatment of choise efor anthracyclines extravasation. No significant toxicity has been reported when DMSO is used as topical treatment. This report describes a ...
Tao Y - - 2005
A few papers in the literature reported incident deaths by acute ketamine poisoning. In this paper, we report an unusual homicide caused by chronic ketamine poisoning. The victim was a 34-year old married woman with no previous medical history (except as reported herein) who died in her own home. The ...
Venturini M - - 2005
The commercial growing of white mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is a frequent activity in certain Spain regions as La Rioja. We report two cases of white mushroom workers suffering from asthma caused by hypersensitivity to basidiocarp and spores of white mushroom.
Hoenerhoff M - - 2004
Copper toxicity has been described in numerous domestic species. The characteristic lesions include hemoglobinuric nephrosis and piecemeal hepatic necrosis with bile ductular hyperplasia and portal fibrosis. Certain species, such as sheep, are prone to toxicity when exposed to copper in feed, whereas an inherent genetic defect of copper storage is ...
Kosal M E - - 2004
In the late winter of 2003, a number of livestock animals in the Midwest were poisoned due the accidental contamination of a popular commercial feed with a lethal additive. Although all the evidence indicates this incident had no malicious or terrorist intent, it is informative as a case study highlighting ...
Reeves M P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical characteristics of toad toxicity in domestic dogs in Brisbane. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical cases. PROCEDURE: All cases of toad poisoning which presented to a northern suburbs emergency clinic in Brisbane over a 30-month period beginning in April 1999 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total ...
Liechti Matthias E - - 2004
We analysed 141 cases of Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and Gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) intoxication reported by physicians to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between 1995 and 2003. GHB and GBL intoxication are associated with considerable morbidity. Multiple drug use is common. Overdosing frequently results in non-reactive coma, which accounts for the severity ...
Roberts Darren M - - 2004
We describe a case of refractory status epilepticus presenting to a rural general hospital in Sri Lanka. This patient's condition was precipitated by intentional self-poisoning with the organochlorine insecticide endosulfan. Although rarely seen in developed countries, pesticide poisoning particularly with endosulfan is an important cause of difficult-to-manage seizures in Asian ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2004
About 90 scorpion species occur in the US, and scorpion stings accounted for over 15,600 calls to poison centers in the US in 2002. However, epidemiologic information on scorpion envenomations in the US, and Texas in particular, is limited. This study investigated the relationship between epidemiological factors and the scorpion ...
Segura Luis J - - 2004
Citalopram, an antidepressant whose use has become more widespread in Spain in recent years participates directly and indirectly in the lethal mechanism in voluntary and involuntary poisonings. There were 30 cases of autopsies in the Madrid region where citalopram and other psychoactive substances (psychotropic drugs, alcohol, opiates) were detected in ...
Stella Julian - - 2004
Glyphosate surfactant herbicide (GlySH) toxicity is an uncommon poisoning. We report two fatalities involving suicidal ingestion of this herbicide. Both deaths occurred despite early recognition of the serious nature of the poisoning and aggressive treatment. The deaths in this series are analysed in the context of a review of existing ...
Unluoglu Ilhani - - 2004
The aim of this study was the analysis of mushroom poisonings (MP) in children in Central Anatolia. Cases younger than 18 y-of-age, who presented and were diagnosed as MP between January 1991 and December 2002 were evaluated for gender, age, presenting month, city of residence, first noticed symptoms, vital signs, ...
Koontz Stephanie L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we presented 2 cases and evaluated the evidence for symptomatic hypocalcemia after treatment with magnesium sulfate alone or combined with use of nifedipine. STUDY DESIGN: Case reports, such as the one that follows, and literature review were used. A 25-year-old gravida presented at 33 weeks' gestation ...
Hendrickson Robert G - - 2004
Pilocarpine has been used as an ophthalmologic agent for decades; however, toxicity rarely has been reported in the medical literature. Oral pilocarpine tablets, as well as another muscarinic agent (cevimeline), have recently been approved for the treatment of dry mouth (xerostomia). We report a case of unintentional overdose of oral ...
Anuradha S - - 2004
We report a case of systemic poisoning with para-phenylenediamine (PPD) presenting with characteristic features of severe angioneurotic edema, rhabdomyolysis and intravascular hemolysis with hemoglobinuria culminating in acute renal failure. Though rare in western countries, such poisoning is not uncommon in East Africa, Indian subcontinent and Middle East countries. We discuss ...
Jafek Bruce W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential mineral. Beneficial zinc absorption takes place via enteral, parenteral, or cutaneous routes. However, direct application to the olfactory epithelium has been reported to cause loss of smell. Recently, intranasal zinc gluconate has been recommended as a treatment for the common cold. Severe posttreatment hyposmia and ...
Fleischli M A - - 2004
We reviewed the U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) mortality database from 1980 to 2000 to identify cases of poisoning caused by organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. From the 35,022 cases from which one or more avian carcasses were submitted to the NWHC for necropsy, we identified 335 mortality ...
Johnson Thomas B - - 2004
This case of an unintentional ingestion of an unknown amount of potassium permanganate by a 5-year-old boy, and its sequelae, exemplifies the potential danger of this poison. Due to the wide availability of this agent in over-the-counter preparations and the high potential for serious sequelae, clinicians should be aware of ...
Harper Adam - - 2004
Carbon monoxide poisoning represents a potentially preventable and reversible cause of mortality and morbidity if sources and cases can be identified. The elderly have been shown to be particularly at risk. Concerns continue to be raised about potential unrecognised cases of carbon monoxide poisoning. These concerns arise from difficulties in ...
Sas David - - 2004
We report the case of a 9-month-old girl who presented in septic shock after ingestion of a contaminated herbal supplement commonly used to treat colic. Herbal supplements are widely used by well-meaning parents for many common conditions. Pediatricians should be aware that the variable manufacturing and packaging conditions of herbal ...
Kwok K L - - 2004
Paracetamol has always been regarded as a useful and safe drug. The risk of toxicity with repeated supratherapeutic paracetamol is an underrecognised condition. We report on a 12-month-old boy who presented with hepatotoxicity, disseminated intravascular coagulation and persistent renal insufficiency 4 days after repeated ingestion of a supratherapeutic dosage of ...
Targosz Dorota - - 2004
The patterns (frequency, poisoning type, toxic agent involved) of adolescent and adult poisonings in Kraków in 1972 and 2002 are presented. The analysis includes data for poisoned patients treated at the Kraków Department of Clinical Toxicology in 2002 and 1972, and all on the spot fatal cases subjected to post-mortem ...
Prasad Rama S - - 2003
Quinine is widely used for nocturnal leg cramps, despite limited evidence of its clinical efficacy in this condition. Accidental overdose is associated with serious ocular complications and can potentially be fatal. We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with acute confusion and bilateral blindness after consuming approximately ...
Diniz Pedro Paulo V P - - 2003
Amphetamine abuse in human beings has increased, resulting in many reports of toxicity and death. In the US over 4 million people have abused amphetamines at least once, thus small animals are exposed to increased accidental poisoning risk. This report describes an acute amphetamine poisoning in a dog due to ...
Clarot Franck - - 2003
First synthesized in 1970, propafenone is a frequently used 1C antiarrhythmic drug metabolized into two major metabolites, 5-hydroxypropafenone and norpropafenone. Paradoxically, fatal intoxication is rarely described, and only six cases have been reported in the literature. We report our experience with two patients found dead of self-inflicted poisoning where the ...
Melamud Alex A Cole Eye Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, - - 2003
Ethambutol is an antimicrobial agent used frequently to treat tuberculosis. The most commonly recognized toxic effect of ethambutol is optic neuropathy, which generally is considered uncommon and reversible in medical literature. We describe a 43-year-old man who developed signs and symptoms of bilateral optic neuropathy during treatment with ethambutol. This ...
Khosla Uday - - 2003
Antihistamines, which are readily available over the counter in sleeping aids, are commonly found in intentional overdoses. We report three new cases of severe rhabdomyolysis related to ingestion of these agents. This is a rarely reported but potentially overlooked complication among patients who present to the emergency center after intentional ...
Loretti Alexandre Paulino - - 2003
A single case of accidental fatal poisoning by Dieffenbachia picta, (dumb cane) (Araceae) in a 9-y-old female Poodle is described. Clinical signs included severe, locally extensive erosive/ulcerative glossitis accompanied by marked dyspnea of acute onset. The animal did not respond to emergency procedures to relieve severe respiratory distress; fatal asphyxiation ...
Batra A K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ninety-nine percent of fatal poisonings occur in developing countries, particularly among agricultural workers. In a particular area, it is important to known the magnitude and pattern of acute poisonings, as it is important for early diagnosis and treatment and also for preventive measures. METHODS: Hospital records of all unnatural ...
Kuhlman James J JJ - - 2003
We report the rapidly increasing finding of fentanyl in medical examiner cases in southwestern Virginia. During the past 3 years, fentanyl cases have increased from 3 in 2000 to 12 in 2002. The first medical examiner case of 2003 was a fentanyl poisoning. Nineteen of 23 cases were attributed to ...
Doty John D - - 2003
The case of a 49-year-old alcoholic man with obtundation is presented. The patient was presumptively diagnosed with methanol intoxication due to the presence of metabolic acidosis with high anion and osmolar gaps. Laboratory testing revealed toxic levels of propylene glycol instead. An exercise in estimating the concentration of toxic alcohols ...
Lall S B - - 2003
A simple pro forma was used for a retrospective study of poisoning cases at 45 health institutions in Oman during January-December 2000. No deaths were recorded among 2009 cases of acute poisoning. A quarter of all cases (55.8% of paediatric cases) were children aged 1-4 years. The largest category (59.5%) ...
Khan Sarosh A - - 2003
Five cases of toxicity due to consumption of an uncommon wild fruit called Colocynth are described. These cases were seen over a period of 2 years. Severe bouts of bloody diarrhea were encountered in these patients. The plant, its ingredients, the medicinal and other uses, features of toxicity and the ...
Rush Jennifer A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the sources of information accessed by parents/caregivers following an incident of child poison ingestion, prior to their presentation to an ED. METHODS: A questionnaire based survey of the parents/caregivers of children presenting to the Mater Children's Hospital Emergency Department with poisoning from March to October 2001. RESULTS: ...
Solomon I - - 2003
A report of seven people who accidentally drank a juice contaminated with CS (o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile) is given. Due to its mucosal irritating properties, CS (also known as "tear gas") is commonly used by policemen and soldiers in riot control. However, only a few reports of its ingestion by humans exist. ...
Singh S - - 2003
2,4-D (2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid) is widely used in agriculture and forestry to destroy broad leaved weeds (herbicide). It has a moderate mammalian toxicity and human poisoning has rarely been reported except following ingestion with suicidal intent. We report two young adults who ingested it with suicidal intent, developed neurological, cardiac, hepatic ...
Khadwal Alka - - 2003
Bleeding diathesis is a cardinal feature of viperine bite, which has been thought to last not more than 24 hours. There is scarcity of literature about prolonged bleeding disorder in snake envenomation. Various explanations suggested in the literature include-temporary decrease in antivenin levels, rapid elimination of antivenin from circulation or ...
Volans Glyn - - 2003
Enquiries about the management of patients possibly suffering from ibuprofen overdose account for over 5% of the total enquiry workload of the London Centre of the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service. Unlike overdose with aspirin and paracetamol, no additional pathophysiological findings have been reported in ibuprofen overdose and all ...
Sheiner Einat K - - 2003
The present review was aimed to determine the influence of working conditions, occupational exposures to potential chemical and physical reproductive toxic agents and psychological stress during work on male fertility. Significant associations were reported between impaired semen parameters and the following chemical exposures: metals (lead, mercury), pesticides (dibromochlorophane, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), ...
Predy Gerry - - 2003
We report the case of a 51-year old woman who developed headache, nausea, palpitations, tachycardia and hypertension 30 minutes after eating a tuna fish salad. Elevated histamine levels in the salad helped to confirm a suspected diagnosis of scombroid poisoning. The signs, symptoms, pathophysiology and management of poisoning from spoiled ...
Elif Duman - - 2003
Between January 1996 and November 2000, 4,251 autopsies were performed at the Council of Forensic Medicine, Morgue Specialization Office, Izmir, Turkey. Among these medicolegal autopsies, 331 fatal poisoning cases (206 men and 125 women) were evaluated retrospectively for their legal investigation results, autopsy findings, and reports of toxicological analyses. The ...
Gonmori Kunio - - 2003
In the past 10 years from 1991 to 2000, the number of consultations to the Japan Poison Information Center were 947 concerning mushroom poisonings. However, those from the hospital cases were not analyzed toxicologically. We examined toxicologically 20 cases (35 patients) of mushroom poisonings from 1993 to 2001. Investigation of ...
Shahbaz Hassan M - - 2003
Exposure to carbon monoxide is a well-recognized cause of morbidity and mortality. Both acute accidental poisoning and chronic exposure are associated with a range of adverse health effects. We report two cases of carbon monoxide poisoning with the associated phenomenon of sensorineural hearing loss. Although hearing loss as a result ...
Ellabban M G - - 2003
Poisoning by subcutaneous metallic mercury is rare and usually accidental. Although it does not carry the same risks as mercury-vapour intoxication, it may still cause destructive early and late local reactions. Two deaths resulting from subcutaneous mercury injection have been reported in the literature. We present a case of accidental ...
Küçükardali Yaşar - - 2003
The explosive RDX (hexogen, cyclonite) is usually used for the production of C-4 explosive. The rare occurrence of accidental and intentional RDX intoxications has been reported during manufacturing process or in wartime. In this article, the authors report 5 cases of accidental oral RDX poisoning. On admission, observed signs and ...
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