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Results 251 - 300 of 811
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Marraffa Jeanna M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the serious toxicity of a readily available solvent, diethylene glycol (DEG). We describe a case of intentional ingestion of a wallpaper stripper containing DEG resulting in severe multi-system organ failure. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old male presented to the Emergency Department (ED) one day after ingesting wallpaper stripper ...
Wood David M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) that is used in the management of depression and obsessive compulsive disorders. We report a patient with status epilepticus requiring quadruple anti-convulsant treatment following a fluvoxamine overdose. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old female presented with drowsiness at 12 hours following deliberate ingestion ...
Madhok Manu - - 2007
A triphasic onset of subacute gastrointestinal toxicity, followed by a false recovery period, and, subsequently, late-onset hepatic failure is pathogenomonic of poisoning with cyclopeptide-containing Amanita mushrooms. This article presents the case report of 7 Minnesota residents who developed symptoms of Amanita poisoning after consuming cooked mushrooms picked at a county ...
Schwarz Kerry A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Suboxone, a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone in sublingual tablet form, was recently approved in the United States for management of opioid dependence. Little information exists regarding the potential for opioid toxicity after Suboxone exposure in the pediatric population. We report a case of opioid toxicity after exposure to ...
Thomas Tenny J - - 2008
Lomotil (Pfizer Inc., New York, NY) (diphenoxylate-atropine) is said to be potentially toxic to toddlers with exposure to as little as one to two tablets. A review of the data on diphenoxylate-atropine poisonings from the American Association of Poison Control Centers annual reports, review articles, and case series disputes this ...
Saravu, Kavitha
Ingestion of copper sulphate is an uncommon mode of poisoning in the Indian subcontinent. Cases are mainly suicidal in nature. The clinical course of the copper sulphate intoxicated patient is often complex involving intravascular hemolysis, jaundice and renal failure. The treatment is mainly supportive. In severe cases methemoglobinemia needs treatment. ...
Schull Daniel N - - 2007
Tick toxicity in cats caused by Ixodes holocyclus and related species is a common medical condition on the east coast of Australia. Intoxication typically causes a flaccid ascending neuromuscular paralysis and clinical signs can include anxiety, dysphonia, hind limb weakness and/or ataxia, pupillary dilation, respiratory signs and possible bladder voiding ...
Cabb Elena E - - 2008
This article reports the case of a 3-year-old male with an elevated blood lead level. The child had a history of consuming imported lead-contaminated candies resulting in abdominal pains for which he was given a Hispanic folk remedy, called greta, by his mother. The home remedy aggravated the child's symptoms ...
Catanzaro John N - - 2007
Pacemaker lead dislodgement can be defined as any lead position change, whether the functionality of the pacemaker is affected or not. Only dislodgements that provoke a malfunction in the pacing system, however, are clinically relevant. Lead dislodgement can be categorized as 'macro' or 'micro' dislodgement depending upon the presence of ...
Hocaoglu Nil - - 2007
The objective of this study is to analyze exposures concerning analgesics that were reported to Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC) and admitted to the Department of Emergency Medicine in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital (EMDEU) between 1993 and 2004. Demographics of the patients, characteristics of analgesic exposures, ...
Zhang Yiming - - 2007
We report measurements of current noise auto- and cross correlation in a tunable quantum dot with two or three leads. As the Coulomb blockade is lifted at finite source-drain bias, the autocorrelation evolves from super- to sub-Poissonian in the two-lead case, and the cross correlation evolves from positive to negative ...
Gattineni Jyothsna - - 2007
The incidence of mercury intoxication has decreased considerably because of stricter public health regulations. However, it has not been completely eliminated and should be considered in a child with unexplained tachycardia, hypertension, mood changes, weight loss, and acrodynia. Mercury intoxication can be difficult to differentiate from pheochromocytoma and Kawasaki's disease. ...
Sutton Nicholas M - - 2007
Permethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide used in dermally applied spot-on flea treatments for dogs. Permethrin-based spot-on preparations are contraindicated in cats because of the high risk of toxicosis. The Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) is a 24-h access telephone service that provides veterinary professionals in the United Kingdom with information ...
Ramadass T - - 2007
The aim of presenting this case is to highlight the fact that extranodal manifestation of Rosai Dorfman Disease (RDD) without lymphadenopathy was seen in a teenaged girl with recurrent episodes of epistaxis, due to a lobulated mass in the nasopharynx, which mimicked malignancy. This case is a rare presentation because ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
We report a female case of variant form of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy in which wall motion of the distal segment was preserved. In the current case, left ventriculography showed akinesia of the mid portion and normokinesia of the distal and basal portions of the left ventricular chamber. ST-segment elevation was obvious ...
Frascogna Nan - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ingestion of anticholinergic medications is common in pediatrics. Toxicity may result in symptoms such as severe agitation requiring physical restraint. Physostigmine, an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning, could be useful in this situation. Many physicians are hesitant to use physostigmine after case series suggested its use in tricyclic ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2007
An arterio-veinous malformation can be acquired and is rarely congenital. It usually presents with cosmetic deformity. If large it may manifest features of haemodynamic changes. Clinical assessment is the mainstay of diagnosis. Arteriography, MR angiography and rarely histopathology may help in clinching the final diagnosis. It is treated with wide ...
Nielsen Suzanne - - 2007
AIMS: To examine concurrent buprenorphine and benzodiazepine consumption and to compare opioid toxicity symptoms induced by methadone and buprenorphine, examining factors associated with the reporting of these symptoms. DESIGN: Self-report cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five needle syringe programmes and five opioid substitution treatment services in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of ...
Wang Ernest E - - 2007
Pure inorganic heavy metal ingestions for suicidal intent are a rare occurrence. Most case reports on this subject focus on the serious neurological, hepatic, or renal side effects. We describe two cases of significant heavy metal poisonings (arsenic trioxide and mercuric chloride) that were successfully managed with aggressive decontamination and ...
Nagata Yosihiro - - 2007
We herein report the case of a bladder tumor in an 85-year-old man who had been engaged in phenacetin abuse. He had been taking phenacetin owing to migraine headaches since he was 45 year of age. His total intake of phenacetin was approximately 7.3 to 11.5 kg over a period ...
Hiemstra Thomas F - - 2007
A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following dialysis dependence occult inhalation continued, resulting in seizures, ataxia, cognitive impairment and marked generalised cerebral atrophy. We describe for the first time ...
Plesniak Krzysztof - - 2007
Molecular rearrangements consisting of base- or acid-induced dislocation of aromatic or heteroaromaticrings are reviewed. The emphasis is given to recent developments and, in particular, to synthetic applicationof the rearrangement. A novel classification has been applied in order to discuss systematically ratherdiverse published data. The rearrangements are reviewed according to atoms entering ...
Buckley Nick - - 2007
Acute organophosphorus poisoning occurs after dermal, respiratory, or oral exposure to either low-volatility pesticides (e.g. chlorpyrifos, dimethoate) or high-volatility nerve gases (e.g. sarin, tabun). Most cases occur in resource-poor countries as a result of occupational or deliberate exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Kurihara O - - 2007
The aim of this study is to propose action levels for chelation therapy in the case of inhalation of plutonium compounds using nose swabs. The relationship between the activity found in the nose swabs and early faecal excretion was investigated using actual cases at JAEA-NFCEL. The ratio was found to ...
Bruch Mary K - - 2007
The safety and toxicity of sodium hypochlorite is reviewed with particular correlation to topical use. Since sodium hypochlorite is one of the most widely used chemicals in the environment, its safety has been established by long use and toxicity profile. This chapter reviews recent toxicology testing including routine systemic LD50, ...
Rund Deborah - - 2007
Lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is the active ingredient of Lawsonia alba, whose crushed leaves are known as henna, used as a hair and skin dye in many parts of the world. Accidental or deliberate ingestion of Lawsone has a high mortality rate (up to 31%) owing to rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. The ...
- - 2007
Acute organophosphorus poisoning occurs after dermal, respiratory, or oral exposure to either low-volatility pesticides (e.g. chlorpyrifos, dimethoate) or high-volatility nerve gases (e.g. sarin, tabun). Most cases occur in resource-poor countries as a result of occupational or deliberate exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Elkharaz S - - 2006
Patients suffering from considerable cutaneous loss must be treated under strict aseptic conditions and with positive pressure ventilation, which is available in burns units. The differentiation of severe bullous skin diseases remains a challenge for the clinician. We report seven cases of severe bullous skin diseases in a paediatric age ...
Fussy Agnès - - 2007
Eating the flesh of some marine turtles can cause a type of seafood poisoning called chelonitoxism. The purpose of this article is to report a new case of mass poisoning caused by consumption of sea turtle flesh in French Polynesia. The episode involved 19 members of the same family. Three ...
Kallel Hatem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A case of organophosphorus intoxication with rebounding symptoms is reported. CASE REPORT: Case report of a 24-year-old man who poisoned himself with organophosphorus pesticide and was hospitalized in a 22-bed adult medical surgical intensive care unit at a tertiary care hospital. The patient had ingested organophosphorus pesticide after an ...
Pullen-James Shayla - - 2006
Arsine gas exposure is a rare occupational event and can be completely prevented with the use of appropriate protective gear. Exposure often occurs when arsine gas is generated while arsenic-containing crude ores or metals are treated with acid. Cases of toxicity require an index of suspicion and a good history. ...
Ojanperä Ilkka - - 2006
Three fatal poisoning cases due to 3-methylfentanyl are described. In each case, the death was accidental and occurred after injection of the opioid combined with amphetamine, heroin, or other drugs. The victims' ages, ranging from 30 to 41 years, were higher than those typically found in heroin poisonings in Finland. ...
Borade P S - - 2007
Seafood-borne illnesses are a common but under recognised source of morbidity. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman who presented to hospital after collapsing in a restaurant following lunch consisting of mackerel fish. A detailed food history and clinical exclusion helped diagnose the condition as scombroid poisoning. The patient ...
Dwivedi S - - 2006
A 30-year-'old female came to the hospital with complaints of vomiting, drowsiness and bradycardia after ingesting five seeds of yellow oleander (Thevetia nerifolia - pila kaner) with the intent of committing suicide. Whereas the usual complication is hyperkalemia, she was suffering from hypokalemia. She responded to conventional treatment, consisting of ...
Mycyk Mark B - - 2006
We sought to examine hospital compliance with poison center antidotal alcohol dehydrogenase inhibition recommendations in cases of ethylene glycol (EG) and methanol (ME) ingestion. A 2-year analysis of all potential EG and ME ingestion cases reported to a regional poison center was conducted. Excluded from analysis were exposures without an ...
Begier Elizabeth M - - 2006
Ciguatera fish poisoning is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by eating coral reef fish contaminated with ciguatoxins and is the most common marine poisoning. However, existing surveillance systems capture few cases. To improve regional ciguatera surveillance in South Florida, this study compared ciguatera illnesses in the Florida Poison Information Center-Miami ...
Hasegawa Shunji - - 2006
This report describes a case of ginkgo nut intoxication in a 2-year-old male. The patient presented with vomiting and afebrile convulsion 4 hours after eating a large number of roasted gingko nuts. There was a large volume of ginkgo nuts in his vomited matter, and on admission the concentrations of ...
Wang Laiming - - 2006
This article presents a summary of benzene exposure levels in the shoemaking industry in China reported in the Chinese medical literature between 1978 and 2004. A comprehensive search identified 182 papers reporting such exposure data. These papers could be classified into two categories: benzene poisoning case reports and industrial hygiene ...
Kazakos Konstantinos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Though rare, a relationship between toxic heavy-metal accumulation and bone necrosis exists. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old man suffered from chronic bilateral knee pain accompanied by muscle fibrillations and night cramps. On examiniation he presented tenderness and mild quadriceps muscle atrophy, but unaffected range of movement, sensation, and tendon reflexes ...
Cousquer Glen O - - 2006
The mute swan (Cygnus olor) is common on British waterways and frequently presents to wildlife hospitals with fishing tackle-related problems. Many of these birds have abnormally high blood lead levels after the ingestion of lead fishing weights. The ingestion of fishing line and tackle is also commonly seen. This case ...
Soysal Dilek - - 2006
Amanita mushroom poisoning is a serious occurrence. Physicians need to recognize the syndrome promptly and institute effective treatment as soon as possible in order to avoid the often fatal complications. We report a case of a young man with mushroom poisoning of the genus Amanita with a clinical spectrum that ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2006
Aripiprazole is an oral atypical antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of schizophrenia and potentially other behavior disorders. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of aripiprazole exposures reported to Texas poison control centers. Human aripiprazole exposures reported to six Texas poison control centers were identified and ...
Vougiouklakis Theodore - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of acute poisoning deaths in the deprived region of Epirus, north-west Greece, as they were recorded among the autopsies performed at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Greece. A retrospective study of the forensic ...
Sharpe R T - - 2006
The lead poisoning incidents in cattle investigated by the Veterinary Laboratories Agency between 1990 and 2003 are reviewed. Lead poisoning was most commonly encountered in young calves, but cattle of all ages were affected. The lead was derived mainly from lead paint, lead accumulator batteries and lead in soil from ...
Anselmo Marisol - - 2006
Methadone is used in the treatment of opioid addiction. Acute intoxication can lead to severe consequences and can even be lethal. In several case reports and small series, a presumably toxic leukoencephalopathy is described resulting from inhalation of heroin. We present the case of a 3-year-old boy who ingested methadone ...
Nessim Sharon J - - 2006
Limited data are available on the use of dialysis to treat cyanide or thiocyanate intoxication. This report describes the case of a 65-year-old woman with renal insufficiency who had development of thiocyanate toxicity secondary to a nitroprusside infusion. A rapid decline in her blood thiocyanate level was observed in response ...
Desai Saili - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Serious drug abuse and addiction related to dextromethorphan-containing cough preparations has been a problem in the United States since the 1950s, but few physicians are aware of it. Physicians must be alert to the type of substances and quantities used and misused by patients in obtaining a thorough routine ...
Renouf Daniel - - 2006
Capecitabine is an oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil used in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the colon. Neurotoxicity is an infrequently reported toxicity of capecitabine. We report a case of cerebellar ataxia secondary to capecitabine therapy.
Degernes Laurel - - 2006
An observational study was conducted to determine the proportionate mortality of wild trumpeter (Cygnus buccinator) and tundra (Cygnus columbianus columbianus) swans that died during the winters of 2000-02 in northwestern Washington State, USA. Among 400 swans necropsied, 81% were lead poisoned (302/365 trumpeter swans; 20/35 tundra swans). Mortality started in ...
Giannopoulos Dimitrios - - 2006
It has been well known since ancient times that the consumption of quail may be deleterious to health. The European quail sub-species (Coturnix coturnix coturnix), common to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia is indeed potentially poisonous to humans, but only during the autumn migration (not during their return flight ...
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