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Sutton Nicholas M - - 2007
Permethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide used in dermally applied spot-on flea treatments for dogs. Permethrin-based spot-on preparations are contraindicated in cats because of the high risk of toxicosis. The Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) is a 24-h access telephone service that provides veterinary professionals in the United Kingdom with information ...
Ramadass T - - 2007
The aim of presenting this case is to highlight the fact that extranodal manifestation of Rosai Dorfman Disease (RDD) without lymphadenopathy was seen in a teenaged girl with recurrent episodes of epistaxis, due to a lobulated mass in the nasopharynx, which mimicked malignancy. This case is a rare presentation because ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
We report a female case of variant form of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy in which wall motion of the distal segment was preserved. In the current case, left ventriculography showed akinesia of the mid portion and normokinesia of the distal and basal portions of the left ventricular chamber. ST-segment elevation was obvious ...
Frascogna Nan - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ingestion of anticholinergic medications is common in pediatrics. Toxicity may result in symptoms such as severe agitation requiring physical restraint. Physostigmine, an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning, could be useful in this situation. Many physicians are hesitant to use physostigmine after case series suggested its use in tricyclic ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2007
An arterio-veinous malformation can be acquired and is rarely congenital. It usually presents with cosmetic deformity. If large it may manifest features of haemodynamic changes. Clinical assessment is the mainstay of diagnosis. Arteriography, MR angiography and rarely histopathology may help in clinching the final diagnosis. It is treated with wide ...
Nielsen Suzanne - - 2007
AIMS: To examine concurrent buprenorphine and benzodiazepine consumption and to compare opioid toxicity symptoms induced by methadone and buprenorphine, examining factors associated with the reporting of these symptoms. DESIGN: Self-report cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five needle syringe programmes and five opioid substitution treatment services in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of ...
Wang Ernest E - - 2007
Pure inorganic heavy metal ingestions for suicidal intent are a rare occurrence. Most case reports on this subject focus on the serious neurological, hepatic, or renal side effects. We describe two cases of significant heavy metal poisonings (arsenic trioxide and mercuric chloride) that were successfully managed with aggressive decontamination and ...
Nagata Yosihiro - - 2007
We herein report the case of a bladder tumor in an 85-year-old man who had been engaged in phenacetin abuse. He had been taking phenacetin owing to migraine headaches since he was 45 year of age. His total intake of phenacetin was approximately 7.3 to 11.5 kg over a period ...
Hiemstra Thomas F - - 2007
A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following dialysis dependence occult inhalation continued, resulting in seizures, ataxia, cognitive impairment and marked generalised cerebral atrophy. We describe for the first time ...
Plesniak Krzysztof - - 2007
Molecular rearrangements consisting of base- or acid-induced dislocation of aromatic or heteroaromaticrings are reviewed. The emphasis is given to recent developments and, in particular, to synthetic applicationof the rearrangement. A novel classification has been applied in order to discuss systematically ratherdiverse published data. The rearrangements are reviewed according to atoms entering ...
Buckley Nick - - 2007
Acute organophosphorus poisoning occurs after dermal, respiratory, or oral exposure to either low-volatility pesticides (e.g. chlorpyrifos, dimethoate) or high-volatility nerve gases (e.g. sarin, tabun). Most cases occur in resource-poor countries as a result of occupational or deliberate exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Kurihara O - - 2007
The aim of this study is to propose action levels for chelation therapy in the case of inhalation of plutonium compounds using nose swabs. The relationship between the activity found in the nose swabs and early faecal excretion was investigated using actual cases at JAEA-NFCEL. The ratio was found to ...
Bruch Mary K - - 2007
The safety and toxicity of sodium hypochlorite is reviewed with particular correlation to topical use. Since sodium hypochlorite is one of the most widely used chemicals in the environment, its safety has been established by long use and toxicity profile. This chapter reviews recent toxicology testing including routine systemic LD50, ...
Rund Deborah - - 2007
Lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is the active ingredient of Lawsonia alba, whose crushed leaves are known as henna, used as a hair and skin dye in many parts of the world. Accidental or deliberate ingestion of Lawsone has a high mortality rate (up to 31%) owing to rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. The ...
- - 2007
Acute organophosphorus poisoning occurs after dermal, respiratory, or oral exposure to either low-volatility pesticides (e.g. chlorpyrifos, dimethoate) or high-volatility nerve gases (e.g. sarin, tabun). Most cases occur in resource-poor countries as a result of occupational or deliberate exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Elkharaz S - - 2006
Patients suffering from considerable cutaneous loss must be treated under strict aseptic conditions and with positive pressure ventilation, which is available in burns units. The differentiation of severe bullous skin diseases remains a challenge for the clinician. We report seven cases of severe bullous skin diseases in a paediatric age ...
Fussy Agnès - - 2007
Eating the flesh of some marine turtles can cause a type of seafood poisoning called chelonitoxism. The purpose of this article is to report a new case of mass poisoning caused by consumption of sea turtle flesh in French Polynesia. The episode involved 19 members of the same family. Three ...
Kallel Hatem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A case of organophosphorus intoxication with rebounding symptoms is reported. CASE REPORT: Case report of a 24-year-old man who poisoned himself with organophosphorus pesticide and was hospitalized in a 22-bed adult medical surgical intensive care unit at a tertiary care hospital. The patient had ingested organophosphorus pesticide after an ...
Pullen-James Shayla - - 2006
Arsine gas exposure is a rare occupational event and can be completely prevented with the use of appropriate protective gear. Exposure often occurs when arsine gas is generated while arsenic-containing crude ores or metals are treated with acid. Cases of toxicity require an index of suspicion and a good history. ...
Ojanperä Ilkka - - 2006
Three fatal poisoning cases due to 3-methylfentanyl are described. In each case, the death was accidental and occurred after injection of the opioid combined with amphetamine, heroin, or other drugs. The victims' ages, ranging from 30 to 41 years, were higher than those typically found in heroin poisonings in Finland. ...
Borade P S - - 2007
Seafood-borne illnesses are a common but under recognised source of morbidity. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman who presented to hospital after collapsing in a restaurant following lunch consisting of mackerel fish. A detailed food history and clinical exclusion helped diagnose the condition as scombroid poisoning. The patient ...
Dwivedi S - - 2006
A 30-year-'old female came to the hospital with complaints of vomiting, drowsiness and bradycardia after ingesting five seeds of yellow oleander (Thevetia nerifolia - pila kaner) with the intent of committing suicide. Whereas the usual complication is hyperkalemia, she was suffering from hypokalemia. She responded to conventional treatment, consisting of ...
Mycyk Mark B - - 2006
We sought to examine hospital compliance with poison center antidotal alcohol dehydrogenase inhibition recommendations in cases of ethylene glycol (EG) and methanol (ME) ingestion. A 2-year analysis of all potential EG and ME ingestion cases reported to a regional poison center was conducted. Excluded from analysis were exposures without an ...
Begier Elizabeth M - - 2006
Ciguatera fish poisoning is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by eating coral reef fish contaminated with ciguatoxins and is the most common marine poisoning. However, existing surveillance systems capture few cases. To improve regional ciguatera surveillance in South Florida, this study compared ciguatera illnesses in the Florida Poison Information Center-Miami ...
Hasegawa Shunji - - 2006
This report describes a case of ginkgo nut intoxication in a 2-year-old male. The patient presented with vomiting and afebrile convulsion 4 hours after eating a large number of roasted gingko nuts. There was a large volume of ginkgo nuts in his vomited matter, and on admission the concentrations of ...
Wang Laiming - - 2006
This article presents a summary of benzene exposure levels in the shoemaking industry in China reported in the Chinese medical literature between 1978 and 2004. A comprehensive search identified 182 papers reporting such exposure data. These papers could be classified into two categories: benzene poisoning case reports and industrial hygiene ...
Kazakos Konstantinos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Though rare, a relationship between toxic heavy-metal accumulation and bone necrosis exists. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old man suffered from chronic bilateral knee pain accompanied by muscle fibrillations and night cramps. On examiniation he presented tenderness and mild quadriceps muscle atrophy, but unaffected range of movement, sensation, and tendon reflexes ...
Cousquer Glen O - - 2006
The mute swan (Cygnus olor) is common on British waterways and frequently presents to wildlife hospitals with fishing tackle-related problems. Many of these birds have abnormally high blood lead levels after the ingestion of lead fishing weights. The ingestion of fishing line and tackle is also commonly seen. This case ...
Soysal Dilek - - 2006
Amanita mushroom poisoning is a serious occurrence. Physicians need to recognize the syndrome promptly and institute effective treatment as soon as possible in order to avoid the often fatal complications. We report a case of a young man with mushroom poisoning of the genus Amanita with a clinical spectrum that ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2006
Aripiprazole is an oral atypical antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of schizophrenia and potentially other behavior disorders. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of aripiprazole exposures reported to Texas poison control centers. Human aripiprazole exposures reported to six Texas poison control centers were identified and ...
Vougiouklakis Theodore - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of acute poisoning deaths in the deprived region of Epirus, north-west Greece, as they were recorded among the autopsies performed at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Greece. A retrospective study of the forensic ...
Sharpe R T - - 2006
The lead poisoning incidents in cattle investigated by the Veterinary Laboratories Agency between 1990 and 2003 are reviewed. Lead poisoning was most commonly encountered in young calves, but cattle of all ages were affected. The lead was derived mainly from lead paint, lead accumulator batteries and lead in soil from ...
Anselmo Marisol - - 2006
Methadone is used in the treatment of opioid addiction. Acute intoxication can lead to severe consequences and can even be lethal. In several case reports and small series, a presumably toxic leukoencephalopathy is described resulting from inhalation of heroin. We present the case of a 3-year-old boy who ingested methadone ...
Nessim Sharon J - - 2006
Limited data are available on the use of dialysis to treat cyanide or thiocyanate intoxication. This report describes the case of a 65-year-old woman with renal insufficiency who had development of thiocyanate toxicity secondary to a nitroprusside infusion. A rapid decline in her blood thiocyanate level was observed in response ...
Desai Saili - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Serious drug abuse and addiction related to dextromethorphan-containing cough preparations has been a problem in the United States since the 1950s, but few physicians are aware of it. Physicians must be alert to the type of substances and quantities used and misused by patients in obtaining a thorough routine ...
Renouf Daniel - - 2006
Capecitabine is an oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil used in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the colon. Neurotoxicity is an infrequently reported toxicity of capecitabine. We report a case of cerebellar ataxia secondary to capecitabine therapy.
Degernes Laurel - - 2006
An observational study was conducted to determine the proportionate mortality of wild trumpeter (Cygnus buccinator) and tundra (Cygnus columbianus columbianus) swans that died during the winters of 2000-02 in northwestern Washington State, USA. Among 400 swans necropsied, 81% were lead poisoned (302/365 trumpeter swans; 20/35 tundra swans). Mortality started in ...
Giannopoulos Dimitrios - - 2006
It has been well known since ancient times that the consumption of quail may be deleterious to health. The European quail sub-species (Coturnix coturnix coturnix), common to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia is indeed potentially poisonous to humans, but only during the autumn migration (not during their return flight ...
Broyd C - - 2006
Olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic of the thienobenzodiazepine class, has been on the market since 1996. Its popularity has increased over recent years because of excellent clinical results as well as a favourable side effect profile. Mirroring this increased olanzapine use has been a rise in the number of non-accidental overdoses. ...
Purkayastha S - - 2006
Severe poisoning can cause potentially fatal cardiac depression. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can support the depressed myocardium, but there are no clear indications or guidelines available on its use in severe poisoning. A review was conducted of relevant papers in the available literature (seven single case reports of both deliberate and ...
Zagury A - - 2006
A case of burn injury from orthodontic pliers resulting in a partial-thickness burn is presented. A brief description of the injury, a review of the pertinent literature, and general guidelines for out-patient management of such burns are also presented.
Madhok Manu - - 2006
Ingestion of wild mushrooms has led to unintentional poisonings caused by mistaken identity. We report 3 cases of exposure to Amanita bisporigera, demonstrating dose-related toxicity. The use of nasobiliary drainage as a novel approach to interrupting the enterohepatic circulation of amatoxins is illustrated. Pathophysiology and treatment of Amanita poisoning are ...
Koreeda Ako - - 2007
A case of accidental Freon 22 (monochlorodifluoromethane) poisoning in a fishing vessel is reported. Forensic autopsy revealed severe pulmonary edema and congestion (left lung; 576 g, right lung; 740 g). GC-MS analysis clearly showed that the deceased inhaled Freon 22 gas prior to his death. Freon 22 concentration was 169+/-7.0 ...
Smith Meredith Y - - 2006
Poison Control Center (PCC) cases involving intentional ingestion, injection or inhalation of prescription opioids are a potentially valuable source of information on the abuse and misuse of these products. This study sought to validate PCC classifications of prescription opioid intentional exposure cases against clinical diagnostic criteria. 4,321 cases were reviewed. ...
de Haro Luc - - 2006
Ichthyoallyeinotoxism is a rare kind of food poisoning contracted following the ingestion of fish. The responsible toxins are unknown, and the clinical feature is characterized by the development of CNS disturbances, especially hallucinations and nightmares. As the implicated fish species may be also related to ciguatera poisoning, there may be ...
Koltin Dror - - 2006
Four siblings presented with vomiting, diarrhea and miosis following ingestion of the plant. This is the first report of miosis as a presenting sign of Jatropha intoxication. The combination of vomiting, diarrhea and miosis resembles the clinical presentation of organophosphate poisoning. This fact warrants the consideration of Jatropha ingestion in ...
Coon Troy - - 2006
In the past 3 decades, lead levels in North American children have been declining. Despite the decline in lead exposure, lead toxicity remains a significant childhood environmental health hazard. The usual route of lead exposure is through ingestion, but lead toxicity secondary to retained bullet fragments has been well documented ...
Jha S - - 2006
Due to involvement of multiple systems, thallium poisoning is notorious for complexity and seriousness as symptoms of toxicity are non-specific and diverse. Alopecia and painful neuropathy are its cardinal features, others being gastrointestinal disturbances, encephalopathy, tachycardia, ataxia, hepatorenal and cardiac damage etc. We report a case of thallium poisoning who ...
Chabria Shiven B - - 2006
A case of cyclobenzaprine (flexeril) overdose and the resultant rhabdomyolysis is presented. A review of the range of clinical toxicity, management of overdose is described. The similarity of cyclobenzaprine to the tricyclic antidepressant class is emphasized; this report attempts to disseminate related information on this commonly prescribed centrally acting muscle ...
Wood David Michael - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug available over the counter and on prescription for the management of pain and inflammation. Severe toxicity is rare following deliberate self-poisoning with ibuprofen, and patients are usually either asymptomatic or develop only mild gastrointestinal toxicity. Although there have been nine other reported fatalities, ...
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