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Results 201 - 250 of 812
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Moazzam M - - 2009
We reviewed all registered cases of acute chemical poisoning reporting to the preventive medicine department in the Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia from 1999 to 2003. The number of cases increased from 66 to 114 during the study period. Mean age of patients was 17.7 years, and over 39% were ...
Tabrez Shams - - 2009
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a prevalent occupational and environmental contaminant that has been reported to cause a variety of toxic effects. This article reviews toxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity caused by the exposure of TCE and its metabolites in the living system as well as on their (TCE and its metabolites) toxicity ...
Berny Philippe - - 2010
This is the second in a series of three review articles on animal poisoning in Europe and focuses on cases in pet animals and horses in five European countries (Belgium, France, Greece, Italy and Spain) reported over the last decade. In the participating countries, dogs were the most commonly poisoned ...
Siddaiah Latha - - 2009
Aluminum phosphide (ALP) is a pesticide that is highly toxic. It is a mitochondrial toxin that causes death by cardiac and metabolic toxicity. The most ominous effect is cardiac toxicity, which may range from minor electrocardiographic abnormalities to severe depression of cardiac contractility secondary to toxic myocarditis. There is no ...
Guitart Raimon - - 2010
This review article is the third in a series on animal poisoning in Europe and represents a collation of published and non-published wildlife poisoning data from Belgium, France, Greece, Italy and Spain over the last 10 years. Birds, particularly waterfowl and raptors, were more commonly reported as victims of poisoning ...
Guitart Raimon - - 2010
The lack of a reference Veterinary Poison Control Centre for the European Union (EU) means that clinicians find it difficult to obtain information on poisoning episodes. This three-part review collates published and unpublished data obtained from Belgium, France, Greece, Italy and Spain over the last decade in order to provide ...
Lin Chun-Chi - - 2009
Severe acute chromium poisoning related to dermal involvement has rarely been reported in the literature. We report a case of acute severe chromium poisoning through skin exposure as a result of a chemical burn of 15% of the body surface area and multiple organ failure after short-term exposure. Medical interventions, ...
Tiwary Asheesh K - - 2009
Penitrem A is a well-recognized tremorgenic mycotoxin produced by several Penicillium spp. However, most natural cases of penitrem A intoxication have been associated with Penicillium crustosum. Another Penicillium sp., Penicillium roqueforti, is used for the production of blue cheese and is found in silage and feeds. Penicillium roqueforti produces a ...
Mikler J - - 2009
Severe acute lead intoxications are rare and are associated with accidental or purposeful ingestion. There were only few cases of severe to fatal poisonings reported in literature in children. We report a case of acute lead intoxication in a child with extremely high lead blood level of 20.4 micromol/L (422.7 ...
Talbert Estlin Katherine Anne - - 2010
Optic neuropathy is a well-known complication of ethambutol therapy and usually manifests as a decrease in visual acuity, cecocentral scotomas, and deficits in color vision. To support or disprove the hypothesis that a significant majority of patients who develop ocular toxicity while undergoing treatment for a mycobacterium infection do so ...
Pericay C - - 2009
Oxaliplatin has been classified as an irritant drug. Less than 10 cases of oxaliplatin extravasation through a central venous access have been described to date. We present a case of extravasation through a central venous access, of the highest dose (165 mg) of oxaliplatin reported to date. We confirmed the ...
Panigrahi Ashish Kumar - - 2009
Imidacloprid is a systemic, chloronicotinyl insecticide. It is generally considered nontoxic to humans based on available literature. Its effects are mediated through acetylcholine receptor blockade. We report a patient with such poisoning who had respiratory arrest, for which he had to be mechanically ventilated, and who subsequently recovered. This is ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of zolpidem ingestions by young children reported to poison control centers. METHODS: Cases were all zolpidem ingestions by children 0 to 5 year old reported to Texas poison control centers during 2000 to 2006. Multiple substance ingestions were excluded. ...
Wasiak Jason - - 2009
Superficial burns that affect the epidermis and upper dermis only are characterised by redness of the skin that blanches on pressure, pain, and hypersensitivity. The skin blisters within hours and usually heals with minimal scarring within 2 to 3 weeks if no infection is present. Most minor burns occur in ...
Murali R - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Acute pesticide poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Better preventive and management strategies can be developed if the incidence and pattern of acute poisoning are known. METHODS: This retrospective study covered 15 years (1990 to 2004). The case records of all cases admitted ...
Wu Chang-Teng - - 2009
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas produced as a by-product of incomplete combustion, and a common source is the fuel used for heating water in homes. The clinical presentation of CO poisoning may be mild, moderate, or severe. This paper describes carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in a 15-year-old ...
Manjunatha Bhari Sharanesha - - 2009
Vascular neoplasms, other than benign are characterized as intermediate or malignant. They are often enshrouded in controversy, because the same neoplasm could show variability in biologic behavior that may not be correlated with microscopic features. The intermediate grade vascular neoplasm is named as epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the ...
Caldas Eloisa D - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pesticides are the second major cause of poisoning in Brazil, but information about the chemicals involved and the clinical management of patients is scarce. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of 709 pesticide cases reported to a toxicological information center from 2004 to 2007. RESULTS: Over 90% of ...
Develoux M - - 2008
Ciguatera is a toxic poisoning due to ingestion of fish and is rarely reported in France. Little is known about this imported tropical disease. We present a case observed in Paris in a traveller returning from the Dominican Republic.
Kim Hoon - - 2008
Chloroform and dichloromethane are halogenated hydrocarbons that have been used as a potent anesthetic agent or a general industrial solvent. Short-term exposure to chloroform anesthesia and long-term exposure to chloroform and dichloromethane in workplaces can produce adverse health effects, such as hepatitis, cardiac arrhythmia, and carbon monoxide intoxication. Most of ...
Liotier Jerome - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The clinical signs of acute trichlorethylene overdose are commonly coma, cardiac conduction disturbances, diarrhea, and vomiting. We report a case of intentional massive trichlorethylene ingestion inducing a fatal abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department after intentionally ingesting 500 mL of ...
Lou Min - - 2009
Delayed post-anoxic encephalopathy has rarely been reported, and has most commonly been associated with carbon monoxide poisoning. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism is unknown. We describe a patient with a delayed neurologic decline after a good initial recovery from a hypoxic-ischemic event precipitated by acute blood loss. MRI revealed early globus ...
Zink Wolfgang - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ropivacaine and levobupivacaine were developed after evidence of bupivacaine-related severe toxicity. Despite a comparable analgesic profile, quantitative differences become evident with regard to their specific rate of systemic toxicity. The present article provides a concise review of the toxic potencies of levobupivacaine and ropivacaine. RECENT FINDINGS: As ...
Inoue Shigeaki - - 2008
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning results in various neuropsychological impairments, including delayed encephalopathy (DE) and death. However, factors related to these outcomes are unknown. A group suicide was attempted by 3 young people--a 31-year-old man (patient 1), a 21-year-old woman (patient 2), and a 20-year-old man (patient 3)--by burning charcoal in ...
Beigmohammadi Mohammad Taghi - - 2008
PURPOSE: Utilization of lead-contaminated opium may lead to severe motor neuron impairment and quadriplegia. CASE REPORT: Forty years oriented old male, opium addict, was admitted to the ICU, with headache, nausea and abdominal pain, and weakness in his lower and upper extremities without definitive diagnosis. The past medical and occupational ...
Reiter Russel J - - 2008
The purpose of this brief review is to introduce the reader to the vast amount of published literature related to the free radical scavenging and antioxidative activity of melatonin. However, this review summarizes only a few of the many conditions in which melatonin has been found to be protective against ...
Eddleston Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Self-poisoning with plant seeds or fruits is a common method of self-harm in South Asia. While most deaths follow ingestion of Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleander) seeds, other plants are locally common. During review of fatal injuries seen in a teaching hospital in eastern Sri Lanka, we noted cases of ...
Müller Judit - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) is one of the most important agents in the therapy of osteosarcoma (OSC). Acute and delayed toxicities still constitute clinical problems. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) has a key role in the folate cycle. In case of homozygosity of the 677C-->T polymorphism, treatment with antimetabolites, such as MTX, ...
Gorospe Emmanuel C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lead poisoning from atypical sources, which excludes the well-established lead-based paint ingestions and exposure in occupational settings, are increasingly reported in medical literature. Our objective is to increase awareness on atypical sources of lead exposure and to formulate recommendations for their detection based on actual reported cases. METHODS: We ...
LoVecchio Frank - - 2008
Unintentional methotrexate (MTX) acute oral overdose is rarely reported. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all human exposure calls (>150,000 charts) for MTX ingestions reported to our Poison Center during 2000-2003. Thirteen patients met the criteria. The average amount of MTX ingested was 13.03 mg (data from 7 cases), ...
Kocak Z - - 2008
Colchicine is widely used, primarily for the treatment of gouty arthritis and familial Mediterranean fever. Colchicine intoxication is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Herein, we reported a 26-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department after ingesting 27.5 mg of colchicine in a suicide attempt. She exhibited signs typical ...
Givens Melissa - - 2008
Methanol poisoning by ingestion is well represented in current emergency medicine literature. Much less described, however, is poisoning via intentional inhalation of methanol-containing products such as carburetor cleaner. This study intends to explore the exposure routes and treatment patterns of methanol cases reported to Texas Poison Centers. All cases of ...
Acland Peter R - - 2008
Retrograde amnesia is a recognised neurological complication of carbon monoxide poisoning. This article describes the case of a female found dead in her bath where initial post-mortem findings and the surrounding circumstances raised strong suspicions of homicide, especially when there was contradictory evidence from her husband who was the only ...
Dash Shreemanta Kumar - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of acute organophosphorous (OP) poisoning cases including death, duration of hospitalization and time lapse before arrival at hospital. All OP poisoning cases admitted to the Emergency Department of MKCG Medical College Hospital and other fatal cases received at the mortuary ...
Gil Fernando - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The common mixture for smoke bombs contains zinc oxide and a chlorine donor, which allows for the formation of fine particles of zinc chloride. We report a fatal case of exposure to a smoke bomb used for a fire training exercise at a school. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old student ...
Bleakley C - - 2008
Metaldehyde poisoning is rare. This case report details the largest toxic dose of self-poisoning with metaldehyde ever recorded in the literature to the authors' knowledge, the aim being to emphasise the features of metaldehyde toxicity and the potential for good clinical outcome. The patient was admitted unconscious with features consistent ...
Zhang Xing - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed patterns of suicide and suicide attempts by poisoning as reported through a national poison control system for the purpose of improving intervention and prevention. METHODS: During the period of 2000 to 2006, 6440 cases of poisoning suicide were reported to the telephone consultation service system of ...
Haller Christine - - 2008
The safety and efficacy of dietary supplements is of growing concern to regulators, health-care providers and consumers. Few scientific data exist on clinical effects and potential toxicities of marketed products. Harmful supplements may not be identified for months or years with existing adverse event monitoring mechanisms. Retrospective review of poison ...
Levsky Marc E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Colchicine is a relatively uncommon toxin, but is known to precipitate severe multiorgan failure in overdose. Little is known about exposure patterns and outcomes in cases of colchicine ingestion. Our goal was to add to toxicologic knowledge through a database review and descriptive study of colchicine exposures. METHODS: Texas ...
Phua D H - - 2008
Datura metel L. (Yangjinghua) is a toxic herb that contains anticholinergic compounds. Inappropriate consumption of this herb could result in anticholinergic poisoning. Clinical features of such poisoning have not been previously described. We report two such cases. Both patients had taken brews of Datura metel L., and developed poisoning soon ...
Aardema H - - 2008
Self-poisoning with organophosphate pesticides is a major health problem world-wide. Through the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, organophosphorus poisoning is characterised by the clinical picture of acute cholinergic crisis. Other manifestations are the intermediate neurotoxic syndrome and delayed polyneuropathy. In the Western world, the occurrence of organophosphorus poisoning is less prevalent due ...
Dell'Aglio Damon M DM Georgia Poison Center and Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, - - 2010
Metformin, widely used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, is known to cause lactic acidosis in both therapeutic use and after an overdose. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who claimed to have ingested between 75 and 100 grams of metformin and subsequently developed severe lactic acidosis. She ...
Leung H - - 2008
We reported an 80-year-old Chinese woman on chronic stable dose of warfarin who experienced two episodes of an elevated international normalized ratio (INR) after drinking herbal tea containing Lycium barbarum L. Our case illustrated the potential herbal-drug interaction between warfarin and L. barbarum L. in keeping with a previous case ...
Olson Kent - - 2008
Carbon monoxide is an odourless, colourless gas, and poisoning causes hypoxia, cell damage, and death. Exposure to carbon monoxide is measured either directly from blood samples and expressed as a percentage of carboxyhaemoglobin, or indirectly using the carbon monoxide in expired breath. Carboxyhaemoglobin percentage is the most frequently used biomarker ...
Creemers L L Klinisch Laboratorium, Imeldaziekenhuis, Imeldalaan 9, 2820 Bonheiden, Belgium. - - 2008
We report two cases of Belgian women diagnose with a lead poisoning. Both patients presented with abdominal pain and a normochromic normocytic anaemia. The diagnosis was based on the clinical symptoms, the anaemia, the basophilic stippling of erythrocytes and the elevated blood lead level Upon further questioning, both patients reported ...
Dickson Adele A a Department of Psychology , University of Stirling , Stirling , FK9 4LA , - - 2008
Individual in-depth interviews with eight people who had experienced a total spinal cord injury were conducted, focussing on the experience of living with a spinal cord injury. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and were analysed for recurrent themes using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Here we present three inter-related recurrent themes: ...
Gatti C - - 2008
We present a retrospective study of 129 medical files concerning seafood poisonings (SFPs) registered at the central hospital of Tahiti (French Polynesia) between 1999 and 2005. Even if during that period most of the described cases (96%) concerned the ichtyosarcotoxism ciguatera, it is interesting to note that we also registered ...
Ramlakhan Shammi L - - 2007
Although death owing to the toxic effects of the therapeutic Digitalis lanata extract, digoxin has been reported, there are no reported cases of fatal Digitalis purpurea (digitoxin) plant intoxication in humans in the literature. We describe a case of ingestion of Digitalis purpurea in a 64-year-old man, which was fatal ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Review of the literature failed to identify any information on potentially adverse ingestions of the cholesterol-lowering drug gemfibrozil (GEM) reported to poison control centers. Data from Texas poison control centers were used to describe the pattern of isolated GEM ingestions reported during 2000-2005. A total of 118 cases were identified. ...
Schwartz Michael D - - 2007
Lamotrigine is a commonly prescribed anticonvulsant medication. It is an infrequently reported agent of intentional acute ingestion to poison centers. The spectra of clinical effects of lamotrigine in acute overdose are not well established. We report a case of acute ingestion of lamotrigine and ethanol that resulted in coma requiring ...
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