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Results 201 - 250 of 797
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Murali R - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Acute pesticide poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Better preventive and management strategies can be developed if the incidence and pattern of acute poisoning are known. METHODS: This retrospective study covered 15 years (1990 to 2004). The case records of all cases admitted ...
Wu Chang-Teng - - 2009
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas produced as a by-product of incomplete combustion, and a common source is the fuel used for heating water in homes. The clinical presentation of CO poisoning may be mild, moderate, or severe. This paper describes carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in a 15-year-old ...
Manjunatha Bhari Sharanesha - - 2009
Vascular neoplasms, other than benign are characterized as intermediate or malignant. They are often enshrouded in controversy, because the same neoplasm could show variability in biologic behavior that may not be correlated with microscopic features. The intermediate grade vascular neoplasm is named as epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the ...
Caldas Eloisa D - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pesticides are the second major cause of poisoning in Brazil, but information about the chemicals involved and the clinical management of patients is scarce. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of 709 pesticide cases reported to a toxicological information center from 2004 to 2007. RESULTS: Over 90% of ...
Develoux M - - 2008
Ciguatera is a toxic poisoning due to ingestion of fish and is rarely reported in France. Little is known about this imported tropical disease. We present a case observed in Paris in a traveller returning from the Dominican Republic.
Kim Hoon - - 2008
Chloroform and dichloromethane are halogenated hydrocarbons that have been used as a potent anesthetic agent or a general industrial solvent. Short-term exposure to chloroform anesthesia and long-term exposure to chloroform and dichloromethane in workplaces can produce adverse health effects, such as hepatitis, cardiac arrhythmia, and carbon monoxide intoxication. Most of ...
Liotier Jerome - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The clinical signs of acute trichlorethylene overdose are commonly coma, cardiac conduction disturbances, diarrhea, and vomiting. We report a case of intentional massive trichlorethylene ingestion inducing a fatal abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department after intentionally ingesting 500 mL of ...
Lou Min - - 2009
Delayed post-anoxic encephalopathy has rarely been reported, and has most commonly been associated with carbon monoxide poisoning. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism is unknown. We describe a patient with a delayed neurologic decline after a good initial recovery from a hypoxic-ischemic event precipitated by acute blood loss. MRI revealed early globus ...
Zink Wolfgang - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ropivacaine and levobupivacaine were developed after evidence of bupivacaine-related severe toxicity. Despite a comparable analgesic profile, quantitative differences become evident with regard to their specific rate of systemic toxicity. The present article provides a concise review of the toxic potencies of levobupivacaine and ropivacaine. RECENT FINDINGS: As ...
Inoue Shigeaki - - 2008
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning results in various neuropsychological impairments, including delayed encephalopathy (DE) and death. However, factors related to these outcomes are unknown. A group suicide was attempted by 3 young people--a 31-year-old man (patient 1), a 21-year-old woman (patient 2), and a 20-year-old man (patient 3)--by burning charcoal in ...
Beigmohammadi Mohammad Taghi - - 2008
PURPOSE: Utilization of lead-contaminated opium may lead to severe motor neuron impairment and quadriplegia. CASE REPORT: Forty years oriented old male, opium addict, was admitted to the ICU, with headache, nausea and abdominal pain, and weakness in his lower and upper extremities without definitive diagnosis. The past medical and occupational ...
Reiter Russel J - - 2008
The purpose of this brief review is to introduce the reader to the vast amount of published literature related to the free radical scavenging and antioxidative activity of melatonin. However, this review summarizes only a few of the many conditions in which melatonin has been found to be protective against ...
Eddleston Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Self-poisoning with plant seeds or fruits is a common method of self-harm in South Asia. While most deaths follow ingestion of Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleander) seeds, other plants are locally common. During review of fatal injuries seen in a teaching hospital in eastern Sri Lanka, we noted cases of ...
Müller Judit - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) is one of the most important agents in the therapy of osteosarcoma (OSC). Acute and delayed toxicities still constitute clinical problems. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) has a key role in the folate cycle. In case of homozygosity of the 677C-->T polymorphism, treatment with antimetabolites, such as MTX, ...
Gorospe Emmanuel C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lead poisoning from atypical sources, which excludes the well-established lead-based paint ingestions and exposure in occupational settings, are increasingly reported in medical literature. Our objective is to increase awareness on atypical sources of lead exposure and to formulate recommendations for their detection based on actual reported cases. METHODS: We ...
LoVecchio Frank - - 2008
Unintentional methotrexate (MTX) acute oral overdose is rarely reported. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all human exposure calls (>150,000 charts) for MTX ingestions reported to our Poison Center during 2000-2003. Thirteen patients met the criteria. The average amount of MTX ingested was 13.03 mg (data from 7 cases), ...
Kocak Z - - 2008
Colchicine is widely used, primarily for the treatment of gouty arthritis and familial Mediterranean fever. Colchicine intoxication is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Herein, we reported a 26-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department after ingesting 27.5 mg of colchicine in a suicide attempt. She exhibited signs typical ...
Givens Melissa - - 2008
Methanol poisoning by ingestion is well represented in current emergency medicine literature. Much less described, however, is poisoning via intentional inhalation of methanol-containing products such as carburetor cleaner. This study intends to explore the exposure routes and treatment patterns of methanol cases reported to Texas Poison Centers. All cases of ...
Acland Peter R - - 2008
Retrograde amnesia is a recognised neurological complication of carbon monoxide poisoning. This article describes the case of a female found dead in her bath where initial post-mortem findings and the surrounding circumstances raised strong suspicions of homicide, especially when there was contradictory evidence from her husband who was the only ...
Dash Shreemanta Kumar - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of acute organophosphorous (OP) poisoning cases including death, duration of hospitalization and time lapse before arrival at hospital. All OP poisoning cases admitted to the Emergency Department of MKCG Medical College Hospital and other fatal cases received at the mortuary ...
Gil Fernando - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The common mixture for smoke bombs contains zinc oxide and a chlorine donor, which allows for the formation of fine particles of zinc chloride. We report a fatal case of exposure to a smoke bomb used for a fire training exercise at a school. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old student ...
Bleakley C - - 2008
Metaldehyde poisoning is rare. This case report details the largest toxic dose of self-poisoning with metaldehyde ever recorded in the literature to the authors' knowledge, the aim being to emphasise the features of metaldehyde toxicity and the potential for good clinical outcome. The patient was admitted unconscious with features consistent ...
Zhang Xing - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed patterns of suicide and suicide attempts by poisoning as reported through a national poison control system for the purpose of improving intervention and prevention. METHODS: During the period of 2000 to 2006, 6440 cases of poisoning suicide were reported to the telephone consultation service system of ...
Haller Christine - - 2008
The safety and efficacy of dietary supplements is of growing concern to regulators, health-care providers and consumers. Few scientific data exist on clinical effects and potential toxicities of marketed products. Harmful supplements may not be identified for months or years with existing adverse event monitoring mechanisms. Retrospective review of poison ...
Levsky Marc E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Colchicine is a relatively uncommon toxin, but is known to precipitate severe multiorgan failure in overdose. Little is known about exposure patterns and outcomes in cases of colchicine ingestion. Our goal was to add to toxicologic knowledge through a database review and descriptive study of colchicine exposures. METHODS: Texas ...
Phua D H - - 2008
Datura metel L. (Yangjinghua) is a toxic herb that contains anticholinergic compounds. Inappropriate consumption of this herb could result in anticholinergic poisoning. Clinical features of such poisoning have not been previously described. We report two such cases. Both patients had taken brews of Datura metel L., and developed poisoning soon ...
Aardema H - - 2008
Self-poisoning with organophosphate pesticides is a major health problem world-wide. Through the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, organophosphorus poisoning is characterised by the clinical picture of acute cholinergic crisis. Other manifestations are the intermediate neurotoxic syndrome and delayed polyneuropathy. In the Western world, the occurrence of organophosphorus poisoning is less prevalent due ...
Dell'Aglio Damon M DM Georgia Poison Center and Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, - - 2010
Metformin, widely used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, is known to cause lactic acidosis in both therapeutic use and after an overdose. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who claimed to have ingested between 75 and 100 grams of metformin and subsequently developed severe lactic acidosis. She ...
Leung H - - 2008
We reported an 80-year-old Chinese woman on chronic stable dose of warfarin who experienced two episodes of an elevated international normalized ratio (INR) after drinking herbal tea containing Lycium barbarum L. Our case illustrated the potential herbal-drug interaction between warfarin and L. barbarum L. in keeping with a previous case ...
Olson Kent - - 2008
Carbon monoxide is an odourless, colourless gas, and poisoning causes hypoxia, cell damage, and death. Exposure to carbon monoxide is measured either directly from blood samples and expressed as a percentage of carboxyhaemoglobin, or indirectly using the carbon monoxide in expired breath. Carboxyhaemoglobin percentage is the most frequently used biomarker ...
Creemers L L Klinisch Laboratorium, Imeldaziekenhuis, Imeldalaan 9, 2820 Bonheiden, Belgium. - - 2008
We report two cases of Belgian women diagnose with a lead poisoning. Both patients presented with abdominal pain and a normochromic normocytic anaemia. The diagnosis was based on the clinical symptoms, the anaemia, the basophilic stippling of erythrocytes and the elevated blood lead level Upon further questioning, both patients reported ...
Gatti C - - 2008
We present a retrospective study of 129 medical files concerning seafood poisonings (SFPs) registered at the central hospital of Tahiti (French Polynesia) between 1999 and 2005. Even if during that period most of the described cases (96%) concerned the ichtyosarcotoxism ciguatera, it is interesting to note that we also registered ...
Ramlakhan Shammi L - - 2007
Although death owing to the toxic effects of the therapeutic Digitalis lanata extract, digoxin has been reported, there are no reported cases of fatal Digitalis purpurea (digitoxin) plant intoxication in humans in the literature. We describe a case of ingestion of Digitalis purpurea in a 64-year-old man, which was fatal ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Review of the literature failed to identify any information on potentially adverse ingestions of the cholesterol-lowering drug gemfibrozil (GEM) reported to poison control centers. Data from Texas poison control centers were used to describe the pattern of isolated GEM ingestions reported during 2000-2005. A total of 118 cases were identified. ...
Schwartz Michael D - - 2007
Lamotrigine is a commonly prescribed anticonvulsant medication. It is an infrequently reported agent of intentional acute ingestion to poison centers. The spectra of clinical effects of lamotrigine in acute overdose are not well established. We report a case of acute ingestion of lamotrigine and ethanol that resulted in coma requiring ...
Hothem Roger L - - 2007
We collected two species of crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus and Procambarus clarkii, from Cache and Putah Creeks, California, and analyzed them for mercury and trace elements. Trace elements were higher in carcasses in 40 cases, higher in tails in 5 cases, and not different in 35 cases; no concentration exceeded levels ...
Marraffa Jeanna M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the serious toxicity of a readily available solvent, diethylene glycol (DEG). We describe a case of intentional ingestion of a wallpaper stripper containing DEG resulting in severe multi-system organ failure. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old male presented to the Emergency Department (ED) one day after ingesting wallpaper stripper ...
Wood David M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) that is used in the management of depression and obsessive compulsive disorders. We report a patient with status epilepticus requiring quadruple anti-convulsant treatment following a fluvoxamine overdose. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old female presented with drowsiness at 12 hours following deliberate ingestion ...
Madhok Manu - - 2007
A triphasic onset of subacute gastrointestinal toxicity, followed by a false recovery period, and, subsequently, late-onset hepatic failure is pathogenomonic of poisoning with cyclopeptide-containing Amanita mushrooms. This article presents the case report of 7 Minnesota residents who developed symptoms of Amanita poisoning after consuming cooked mushrooms picked at a county ...
Schwarz Kerry A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Suboxone, a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone in sublingual tablet form, was recently approved in the United States for management of opioid dependence. Little information exists regarding the potential for opioid toxicity after Suboxone exposure in the pediatric population. We report a case of opioid toxicity after exposure to ...
Thomas Tenny J - - 2008
Lomotil (Pfizer Inc., New York, NY) (diphenoxylate-atropine) is said to be potentially toxic to toddlers with exposure to as little as one to two tablets. A review of the data on diphenoxylate-atropine poisonings from the American Association of Poison Control Centers annual reports, review articles, and case series disputes this ...
Saravu, Kavitha
Ingestion of copper sulphate is an uncommon mode of poisoning in the Indian subcontinent. Cases are mainly suicidal in nature. The clinical course of the copper sulphate intoxicated patient is often complex involving intravascular hemolysis, jaundice and renal failure. The treatment is mainly supportive. In severe cases methemoglobinemia needs treatment. ...
Schull Daniel N - - 2007
Tick toxicity in cats caused by Ixodes holocyclus and related species is a common medical condition on the east coast of Australia. Intoxication typically causes a flaccid ascending neuromuscular paralysis and clinical signs can include anxiety, dysphonia, hind limb weakness and/or ataxia, pupillary dilation, respiratory signs and possible bladder voiding ...
Cabb Elena E - - 2008
This article reports the case of a 3-year-old male with an elevated blood lead level. The child had a history of consuming imported lead-contaminated candies resulting in abdominal pains for which he was given a Hispanic folk remedy, called greta, by his mother. The home remedy aggravated the child's symptoms ...
Catanzaro John N - - 2007
Pacemaker lead dislodgement can be defined as any lead position change, whether the functionality of the pacemaker is affected or not. Only dislodgements that provoke a malfunction in the pacing system, however, are clinically relevant. Lead dislodgement can be categorized as 'macro' or 'micro' dislodgement depending upon the presence of ...
Hocaoglu Nil - - 2007
The objective of this study is to analyze exposures concerning analgesics that were reported to Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC) and admitted to the Department of Emergency Medicine in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital (EMDEU) between 1993 and 2004. Demographics of the patients, characteristics of analgesic exposures, ...
Zhang Yiming - - 2007
We report measurements of current noise auto- and cross correlation in a tunable quantum dot with two or three leads. As the Coulomb blockade is lifted at finite source-drain bias, the autocorrelation evolves from super- to sub-Poissonian in the two-lead case, and the cross correlation evolves from positive to negative ...
Gattineni Jyothsna - - 2007
The incidence of mercury intoxication has decreased considerably because of stricter public health regulations. However, it has not been completely eliminated and should be considered in a child with unexplained tachycardia, hypertension, mood changes, weight loss, and acrodynia. Mercury intoxication can be difficult to differentiate from pheochromocytoma and Kawasaki's disease. ...
Sutton Nicholas M - - 2007
Permethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide used in dermally applied spot-on flea treatments for dogs. Permethrin-based spot-on preparations are contraindicated in cats because of the high risk of toxicosis. The Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) is a 24-h access telephone service that provides veterinary professionals in the United Kingdom with information ...
Ramadass T - - 2007
The aim of presenting this case is to highlight the fact that extranodal manifestation of Rosai Dorfman Disease (RDD) without lymphadenopathy was seen in a teenaged girl with recurrent episodes of epistaxis, due to a lobulated mass in the nasopharynx, which mimicked malignancy. This case is a rare presentation because ...
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