Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 779
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Acland Peter R - - 2008
Retrograde amnesia is a recognised neurological complication of carbon monoxide poisoning. This article describes the case of a female found dead in her bath where initial post-mortem findings and the surrounding circumstances raised strong suspicions of homicide, especially when there was contradictory evidence from her husband who was the only ...
Dash Shreemanta Kumar - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of acute organophosphorous (OP) poisoning cases including death, duration of hospitalization and time lapse before arrival at hospital. All OP poisoning cases admitted to the Emergency Department of MKCG Medical College Hospital and other fatal cases received at the mortuary ...
Gil Fernando - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The common mixture for smoke bombs contains zinc oxide and a chlorine donor, which allows for the formation of fine particles of zinc chloride. We report a fatal case of exposure to a smoke bomb used for a fire training exercise at a school. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old student ...
Bleakley C - - 2008
Metaldehyde poisoning is rare. This case report details the largest toxic dose of self-poisoning with metaldehyde ever recorded in the literature to the authors' knowledge, the aim being to emphasise the features of metaldehyde toxicity and the potential for good clinical outcome. The patient was admitted unconscious with features consistent ...
Zhang Xing - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed patterns of suicide and suicide attempts by poisoning as reported through a national poison control system for the purpose of improving intervention and prevention. METHODS: During the period of 2000 to 2006, 6440 cases of poisoning suicide were reported to the telephone consultation service system of ...
Haller Christine - - 2008
The safety and efficacy of dietary supplements is of growing concern to regulators, health-care providers and consumers. Few scientific data exist on clinical effects and potential toxicities of marketed products. Harmful supplements may not be identified for months or years with existing adverse event monitoring mechanisms. Retrospective review of poison ...
Levsky Marc E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Colchicine is a relatively uncommon toxin, but is known to precipitate severe multiorgan failure in overdose. Little is known about exposure patterns and outcomes in cases of colchicine ingestion. Our goal was to add to toxicologic knowledge through a database review and descriptive study of colchicine exposures. METHODS: Texas ...
Phua D H - - 2008
Datura metel L. (Yangjinghua) is a toxic herb that contains anticholinergic compounds. Inappropriate consumption of this herb could result in anticholinergic poisoning. Clinical features of such poisoning have not been previously described. We report two such cases. Both patients had taken brews of Datura metel L., and developed poisoning soon ...
Aardema H - - 2008
Self-poisoning with organophosphate pesticides is a major health problem world-wide. Through the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, organophosphorus poisoning is characterised by the clinical picture of acute cholinergic crisis. Other manifestations are the intermediate neurotoxic syndrome and delayed polyneuropathy. In the Western world, the occurrence of organophosphorus poisoning is less prevalent due ...
Dell'Aglio Damon M DM Georgia Poison Center and Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, - - 2010
Metformin, widely used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, is known to cause lactic acidosis in both therapeutic use and after an overdose. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who claimed to have ingested between 75 and 100 grams of metformin and subsequently developed severe lactic acidosis. She ...
Leung H - - 2008
We reported an 80-year-old Chinese woman on chronic stable dose of warfarin who experienced two episodes of an elevated international normalized ratio (INR) after drinking herbal tea containing Lycium barbarum L. Our case illustrated the potential herbal-drug interaction between warfarin and L. barbarum L. in keeping with a previous case ...
Olson Kent - - 2008
Carbon monoxide is an odourless, colourless gas, and poisoning causes hypoxia, cell damage, and death. Exposure to carbon monoxide is measured either directly from blood samples and expressed as a percentage of carboxyhaemoglobin, or indirectly using the carbon monoxide in expired breath. Carboxyhaemoglobin percentage is the most frequently used biomarker ...
Creemers L L Klinisch Laboratorium, Imeldaziekenhuis, Imeldalaan 9, 2820 Bonheiden, Belgium. - - 2008
We report two cases of Belgian women diagnose with a lead poisoning. Both patients presented with abdominal pain and a normochromic normocytic anaemia. The diagnosis was based on the clinical symptoms, the anaemia, the basophilic stippling of erythrocytes and the elevated blood lead level Upon further questioning, both patients reported ...
Gatti C - - 2008
We present a retrospective study of 129 medical files concerning seafood poisonings (SFPs) registered at the central hospital of Tahiti (French Polynesia) between 1999 and 2005. Even if during that period most of the described cases (96%) concerned the ichtyosarcotoxism ciguatera, it is interesting to note that we also registered ...
Ramlakhan Shammi L - - 2007
Although death owing to the toxic effects of the therapeutic Digitalis lanata extract, digoxin has been reported, there are no reported cases of fatal Digitalis purpurea (digitoxin) plant intoxication in humans in the literature. We describe a case of ingestion of Digitalis purpurea in a 64-year-old man, which was fatal ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Review of the literature failed to identify any information on potentially adverse ingestions of the cholesterol-lowering drug gemfibrozil (GEM) reported to poison control centers. Data from Texas poison control centers were used to describe the pattern of isolated GEM ingestions reported during 2000-2005. A total of 118 cases were identified. ...
Schwartz Michael D - - 2007
Lamotrigine is a commonly prescribed anticonvulsant medication. It is an infrequently reported agent of intentional acute ingestion to poison centers. The spectra of clinical effects of lamotrigine in acute overdose are not well established. We report a case of acute ingestion of lamotrigine and ethanol that resulted in coma requiring ...
Hothem Roger L - - 2007
We collected two species of crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus and Procambarus clarkii, from Cache and Putah Creeks, California, and analyzed them for mercury and trace elements. Trace elements were higher in carcasses in 40 cases, higher in tails in 5 cases, and not different in 35 cases; no concentration exceeded levels ...
Marraffa Jeanna M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the serious toxicity of a readily available solvent, diethylene glycol (DEG). We describe a case of intentional ingestion of a wallpaper stripper containing DEG resulting in severe multi-system organ failure. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old male presented to the Emergency Department (ED) one day after ingesting wallpaper stripper ...
Wood David M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) that is used in the management of depression and obsessive compulsive disorders. We report a patient with status epilepticus requiring quadruple anti-convulsant treatment following a fluvoxamine overdose. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old female presented with drowsiness at 12 hours following deliberate ingestion ...
Madhok Manu - - 2007
A triphasic onset of subacute gastrointestinal toxicity, followed by a false recovery period, and, subsequently, late-onset hepatic failure is pathogenomonic of poisoning with cyclopeptide-containing Amanita mushrooms. This article presents the case report of 7 Minnesota residents who developed symptoms of Amanita poisoning after consuming cooked mushrooms picked at a county ...
Schwarz Kerry A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Suboxone, a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone in sublingual tablet form, was recently approved in the United States for management of opioid dependence. Little information exists regarding the potential for opioid toxicity after Suboxone exposure in the pediatric population. We report a case of opioid toxicity after exposure to ...
Thomas Tenny J - - 2008
Lomotil (Pfizer Inc., New York, NY) (diphenoxylate-atropine) is said to be potentially toxic to toddlers with exposure to as little as one to two tablets. A review of the data on diphenoxylate-atropine poisonings from the American Association of Poison Control Centers annual reports, review articles, and case series disputes this ...
Saravu, Kavitha
Ingestion of copper sulphate is an uncommon mode of poisoning in the Indian subcontinent. Cases are mainly suicidal in nature. The clinical course of the copper sulphate intoxicated patient is often complex involving intravascular hemolysis, jaundice and renal failure. The treatment is mainly supportive. In severe cases methemoglobinemia needs treatment. ...
Schull Daniel N - - 2007
Tick toxicity in cats caused by Ixodes holocyclus and related species is a common medical condition on the east coast of Australia. Intoxication typically causes a flaccid ascending neuromuscular paralysis and clinical signs can include anxiety, dysphonia, hind limb weakness and/or ataxia, pupillary dilation, respiratory signs and possible bladder voiding ...
Cabb Elena E - - 2008
This article reports the case of a 3-year-old male with an elevated blood lead level. The child had a history of consuming imported lead-contaminated candies resulting in abdominal pains for which he was given a Hispanic folk remedy, called greta, by his mother. The home remedy aggravated the child's symptoms ...
Catanzaro John N - - 2007
Pacemaker lead dislodgement can be defined as any lead position change, whether the functionality of the pacemaker is affected or not. Only dislodgements that provoke a malfunction in the pacing system, however, are clinically relevant. Lead dislodgement can be categorized as 'macro' or 'micro' dislodgement depending upon the presence of ...
Hocaoglu Nil - - 2007
The objective of this study is to analyze exposures concerning analgesics that were reported to Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC) and admitted to the Department of Emergency Medicine in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital (EMDEU) between 1993 and 2004. Demographics of the patients, characteristics of analgesic exposures, ...
Zhang Yiming - - 2007
We report measurements of current noise auto- and cross correlation in a tunable quantum dot with two or three leads. As the Coulomb blockade is lifted at finite source-drain bias, the autocorrelation evolves from super- to sub-Poissonian in the two-lead case, and the cross correlation evolves from positive to negative ...
Gattineni Jyothsna - - 2007
The incidence of mercury intoxication has decreased considerably because of stricter public health regulations. However, it has not been completely eliminated and should be considered in a child with unexplained tachycardia, hypertension, mood changes, weight loss, and acrodynia. Mercury intoxication can be difficult to differentiate from pheochromocytoma and Kawasaki's disease. ...
Sutton Nicholas M - - 2007
Permethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide used in dermally applied spot-on flea treatments for dogs. Permethrin-based spot-on preparations are contraindicated in cats because of the high risk of toxicosis. The Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) is a 24-h access telephone service that provides veterinary professionals in the United Kingdom with information ...
Ramadass T - - 2007
The aim of presenting this case is to highlight the fact that extranodal manifestation of Rosai Dorfman Disease (RDD) without lymphadenopathy was seen in a teenaged girl with recurrent episodes of epistaxis, due to a lobulated mass in the nasopharynx, which mimicked malignancy. This case is a rare presentation because ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
We report a female case of variant form of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy in which wall motion of the distal segment was preserved. In the current case, left ventriculography showed akinesia of the mid portion and normokinesia of the distal and basal portions of the left ventricular chamber. ST-segment elevation was obvious ...
Frascogna Nan - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ingestion of anticholinergic medications is common in pediatrics. Toxicity may result in symptoms such as severe agitation requiring physical restraint. Physostigmine, an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning, could be useful in this situation. Many physicians are hesitant to use physostigmine after case series suggested its use in tricyclic ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2007
An arterio-veinous malformation can be acquired and is rarely congenital. It usually presents with cosmetic deformity. If large it may manifest features of haemodynamic changes. Clinical assessment is the mainstay of diagnosis. Arteriography, MR angiography and rarely histopathology may help in clinching the final diagnosis. It is treated with wide ...
Nielsen Suzanne - - 2007
AIMS: To examine concurrent buprenorphine and benzodiazepine consumption and to compare opioid toxicity symptoms induced by methadone and buprenorphine, examining factors associated with the reporting of these symptoms. DESIGN: Self-report cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five needle syringe programmes and five opioid substitution treatment services in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of ...
Wang Ernest E - - 2007
Pure inorganic heavy metal ingestions for suicidal intent are a rare occurrence. Most case reports on this subject focus on the serious neurological, hepatic, or renal side effects. We describe two cases of significant heavy metal poisonings (arsenic trioxide and mercuric chloride) that were successfully managed with aggressive decontamination and ...
Nagata Yosihiro - - 2007
We herein report the case of a bladder tumor in an 85-year-old man who had been engaged in phenacetin abuse. He had been taking phenacetin owing to migraine headaches since he was 45 year of age. His total intake of phenacetin was approximately 7.3 to 11.5 kg over a period ...
Hiemstra Thomas F - - 2007
A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following dialysis dependence occult inhalation continued, resulting in seizures, ataxia, cognitive impairment and marked generalised cerebral atrophy. We describe for the first time ...
Plesniak Krzysztof - - 2007
Molecular rearrangements consisting of base- or acid-induced dislocation of aromatic or heteroaromaticrings are reviewed. The emphasis is given to recent developments and, in particular, to synthetic applicationof the rearrangement. A novel classification has been applied in order to discuss systematically ratherdiverse published data. The rearrangements are reviewed according to atoms entering ...
Buckley Nick - - 2007
Acute organophosphorus poisoning occurs after dermal, respiratory, or oral exposure to either low-volatility pesticides (e.g. chlorpyrifos, dimethoate) or high-volatility nerve gases (e.g. sarin, tabun). Most cases occur in resource-poor countries as a result of occupational or deliberate exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Kurihara O - - 2007
The aim of this study is to propose action levels for chelation therapy in the case of inhalation of plutonium compounds using nose swabs. The relationship between the activity found in the nose swabs and early faecal excretion was investigated using actual cases at JAEA-NFCEL. The ratio was found to ...
Bruch Mary K - - 2007
The safety and toxicity of sodium hypochlorite is reviewed with particular correlation to topical use. Since sodium hypochlorite is one of the most widely used chemicals in the environment, its safety has been established by long use and toxicity profile. This chapter reviews recent toxicology testing including routine systemic LD50, ...
Rund Deborah - - 2007
Lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is the active ingredient of Lawsonia alba, whose crushed leaves are known as henna, used as a hair and skin dye in many parts of the world. Accidental or deliberate ingestion of Lawsone has a high mortality rate (up to 31%) owing to rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. The ...
- - 2007
Acute organophosphorus poisoning occurs after dermal, respiratory, or oral exposure to either low-volatility pesticides (e.g. chlorpyrifos, dimethoate) or high-volatility nerve gases (e.g. sarin, tabun). Most cases occur in resource-poor countries as a result of occupational or deliberate exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Elkharaz S - - 2006
Patients suffering from considerable cutaneous loss must be treated under strict aseptic conditions and with positive pressure ventilation, which is available in burns units. The differentiation of severe bullous skin diseases remains a challenge for the clinician. We report seven cases of severe bullous skin diseases in a paediatric age ...
Fussy Agnès - - 2007
Eating the flesh of some marine turtles can cause a type of seafood poisoning called chelonitoxism. The purpose of this article is to report a new case of mass poisoning caused by consumption of sea turtle flesh in French Polynesia. The episode involved 19 members of the same family. Three ...
Kallel Hatem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A case of organophosphorus intoxication with rebounding symptoms is reported. CASE REPORT: Case report of a 24-year-old man who poisoned himself with organophosphorus pesticide and was hospitalized in a 22-bed adult medical surgical intensive care unit at a tertiary care hospital. The patient had ingested organophosphorus pesticide after an ...
Pullen-James Shayla - - 2006
Arsine gas exposure is a rare occupational event and can be completely prevented with the use of appropriate protective gear. Exposure often occurs when arsine gas is generated while arsenic-containing crude ores or metals are treated with acid. Cases of toxicity require an index of suspicion and a good history. ...
Ojanperä Ilkka - - 2006
Three fatal poisoning cases due to 3-methylfentanyl are described. In each case, the death was accidental and occurred after injection of the opioid combined with amphetamine, heroin, or other drugs. The victims' ages, ranging from 30 to 41 years, were higher than those typically found in heroin poisonings in Finland. ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >