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Wu Arthur W - - 2011
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare, benign tumor of the nasopharynx, exclusively affecting males in their teens and twenties. Historically, it has been thought that JNAs primarily receive their blood supply from the ipsilateral external carotid system. We demonstrate in our case series and literature review that bilateral vascular ...
Cole Jon B - - 2012
Tramadol is a commonly prescribed synthetic opioid analgesic. In humans, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes consistent with sodium-channel blockade have not been described in overdoses with tramadol. We report a case of isolated tramadol overdose associated with a Brugada ECG pattern. A review of the literature reveals no previous human cases of ...
Iyyadurai Ramya - - 2010
The use of neem-based products is widespread in the Indian Subcontinent. Neem-based pesticides obtained from neem kernels are considered natural and safe. The toxic effects of ingestion and overdose of this pesticide in adults have not been described in this literature. We report the case of a 35-year-old lady who ...
Gupta Rajni - - 2010
Endolymphatic sac tumor is a rare papillary neoplasm of the temporal bone which can occur sporadically or in association with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Many cases have been reported in neurosurgical literature wherein surgical excision has proved to be the gold standard of treatment. This article highlights the rarity of the ...
Yiğiter Murat - - 2010
Lipoblastoma is an uncommon tumor of adipose tissue that usually occurs in infancy and early childhood. They predominantly locate in the extremities, but are less frequently found in the head and neck region, trunk and various other locations. The most common sign is a rapidly growing mass. In spite of ...
Han Hui - - 2010
1,2,3-Trichloropropane is widely used in industrial and agricultural production. However 1,2,3-trichloropropane poisoning has been rarely encountered in clinical practices. Here, a 45-year-old farmer who suffered fulminant hepatic failure due to ingestion of 1,2,3-trichloropropane has been reported and literature about 1,2,3-trichloropane poisoning has been reviewed. For this case, reduced glutathione, vitamin ...
Bertuzzo Valentina R - - 2010
Non-carcinoid appendiceal malignancies are rare entities, representing less than 0.5% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Because of their rarity and particular biological behavior, a substantial number of patients affected by these neoplasms do not receive appropriate surgical resection. In this report, we describe a rare case of primary signet-ring cell carcinoma ...
Zhang Ying - - 2011
Tetramethylene disulfotetramine (TETS), a banned neurotoxic rodenticide, has accounted for numerous intentional and unintentional poisonings in mainland China. Since the first known case of human illness caused by tetramine occurred in NewYork, in May 2002, TETS has caused more than 50 human poisonings in Western countries. To analyze pathological changes ...
Bouziri Asma - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In Mediterranean countries, intoxication by Atractylis gummifera L. is frequent and characterized principally by hepatorenal injury, often fatal. Its toxicity after a cutaneous application is unknown. We report a case of poisoning by A. gummifera L. induced by repeated cutaneous application. CASE REPORT: A 30-month-old boy was admitted in ...
Anderson Bruce - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: In 2006, the annual report of poison centers in the United States changed the method of reporting profiles for generic substance categories from all exposures to single-substance exposures only. The objective of this study is to describe the potential impact of this reporting change on longitudinal analysis of outcomes. ...
Malhotra R C - - 2010
Glyphosate-surfactant (GlySH) is a commonly used herbicide that has been used in attempted suicide. Most reports of GlySH toxicity in patients have followed ingestion of the commercial product "Round-up" (Monsanto Ltd; Melbourne, Victoria, Australia), which consists of a mixture of glyphosate (as a isopropylanine salt) and a surfactant (polyoxyethyleneamine). Ingestion ...
Azazh Aklilu - - 2010
2,4-D (2, 4 dichlophenoxy acetic acid) poisoning is a rare phenomenon, but it is appearing more frequently as agrochemical usage of these agents is increasing in Ethiopia. Here the clinical features and outcomes of three cases due to 2, 4-D poisoning are described and discussion is made with literature review.
Berrens Zachary - - 2010
Rhabdomyolysis involves the release of intracellular contents secondary to muscle cell injury; it generally presents with muscle pain and weakness. Illicit drugs, including phencyclidine, MDMA ("ecstasy"), and cocaine, are frequently documented as a cause of rhabdomyolysis. The authors review the literature on LSD-associated rhabdomyolysis. The authors provide a new case ...
Hassan Sarah - - 2010
Copper sulphate is a compound prepared by the action of sulphuric acid on copper II. Copper sulphate is widely used asfungicide, herbicide and for photography. In a human being, it can lead to anemia. Medical literature is lacking regarding accidental or suicidal poisoning cases of copper sulphate in Pakistan. We ...
Sheikh Zahoor A - - 2010
Neuroendocrine tumor (Merkel cell carcinoma-MCC) of the vulva is a very rare entity with less than 15 cases reported in the English literature. It is known for its aggressive behaviour and propensity for early dissemination. The actual cell of origin and etiology of this disease is controversial. In absence of ...
Ferrant Ophélie - - 2011
High dosage buprenorphine (Subutex(®)) has been prescribed as a replacement therapy for major opioid dependencies in France since 1996. However, several studies have underlined its lethal risk, especially when administered intravenously, or when combined with benzodiazepines, alcohol or other central nervous system depressants. We report three fatal buprenorphine-related poisonings after ...
Henry-Lagarrigue Matthieu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic hand rubs (AHRs) have been proven effective in preventing nosocomial infections, and healthcare authorities include AHRs use among quality-of-care criteria. Since the onset of the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic, AHRs have gained considerable popularity among the general public. METHODS: We report a case of intentional AHRs self-poisoning inducing ...
Crook Ruth - - 2010
We report the case of a 22-year-old man who developed severe myocarditis following a presumed katipo spider bite. Katipo spiders are thought to be one of the most poisonous native creatures in New Zealand. No deaths from katipo spider bites have been reported since the 19th Century. A literature search ...
Carstairs Shaun D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Peyote, a cactus containing the hallucinogen mescaline, has been used by Native Americans for thousands of years. Illicit use is also known to occur, but reports in the medical literature consist only of isolated case reports. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify characteristics of patients with reported exposure to peyote ...
Wale Jaywant - - 2010
Elemental mercury poisoning most commonly occurs through vapor inhalation as mercury is well absorbed through the lungs. Administering subcutaneous and intravenous elemental mercury is very uncommon but with only a few isolated case reports in the literature. We present an unusual case of elemental mercury poisoning in a 20-year-old young ...
Vey Eric L - - 2010
Duloxetine, a dual acting norepinephrine serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is a relatively new pharmacologic agent utilized in the treatment of depression, as well as diabetic neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and female stress urinary incontinence. This expanding scope of usage will inevitably lead to its eventual appearance during routine post-mortem toxicologic assays. Currently ...
Lionte Cătălina - - 2010
Chloroform is a potent central nervous system and respiratory depressant. The toxicities associated with chloroform frequently occur after inhalation. Hepatotoxicity is secondary to production of a toxic metabolite, with a peak elevation of liver enzymes 72 hours after exposure. Acute liver failure after chloroform inhalation is rarely described, this syndrome ...
Osthoff Mirjam - - 2010
Cardiovascular shock due to verapamil intoxication is often refractory to standard resuscitation methods. Recommended therapy includes prevention of further absorption of the drug, inotropic therapy, calcium gluconate, and hyperinsulinemia/euglycemia therapy. Often further measures are needed such as ventricular pacing or mechanical circulatory support. Still, mortality remains high. Levosimendan, an inotropic ...
Bakalianou K - - 2010
Two cases of mixed germ cell and epithelial primary ovarian tumors which developed in women 47 and 57 years of age are reported. In both cases, large teratomas measuring 20 and 21 cm were observed in combination with carcinoids and malignant mucinous neoplasms. A possible common oncogenic mechanism is discussed ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2010
During serious influenza outbreaks, the number of oseltamivir exposures reported to poison centers might be expected to increase. This investigation describes the pattern of oseltamivir ingestions reported to Texas poison centers during 2000-2008. Of 298 total ingestions, 91.9% occurred in December-March, 76.8% involved patients aged 0-19 years, 72.5% resulted from ...
Akyildiz Ba?ak - - 2009
Spiders exist in every place and ecosystem. Spiders in tropical regions are particularly poisonous and can be dangerous to humans. Nearly 20,000 spider species are known, and almost all are venomous, although only 60 species worldwide are poisonous in humans. In our area, eight species are reported as poisonous in ...
Tapeantong Toungrat - - 2009
Serious delayed encephalopathy and cognitive sequelae following acute carbon monoxide intoxication constitutes a rare and a distinct entity. A case of delayed encephalopathy and cognitive sequelae after acute carbon monoxide poisoning is presented. The patient is a 50-year-old Thai female with a history of carbon monoxide poisoning during her vacation ...
Nelsen Jamie - - 2009
Dibucaine is considered one of the most potent and consequently toxic amide anesthetics available, and despite withdrawal from the US market as a spinal anesthetic, it remains accessible as an over-the-counter preparation in the United States. Dibucaine exposures in children are infrequently encountered, but to date, all reported consequential ingestions ...
Moery Samantha - - 2009
A female patient with significant coagulopathy is presented for case discussion. This case represented a presumed Munchausen exposure to commercially available rat poison that contained one of the superwarfarin chemicals, brodifacoum. Review of the medical literature is undertaken to discuss the diagnostic approach and treatment of superwarfarin exposure. The accidental ...
Hung Chia-Wei - - 2009
Rotavirus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis in young children, which may indicate hospitalization due to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Most cases are self-limited with good prognosis. The association between rotavirus and toxic megacolon has never been mentioned in the literature. We report a case of toxic megacolon secondary to ...
Moazzam M - - 2009
We reviewed all registered cases of acute chemical poisoning reporting to the preventive medicine department in the Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia from 1999 to 2003. The number of cases increased from 66 to 114 during the study period. Mean age of patients was 17.7 years, and over 39% were ...
Tabrez Shams - - 2009
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a prevalent occupational and environmental contaminant that has been reported to cause a variety of toxic effects. This article reviews toxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity caused by the exposure of TCE and its metabolites in the living system as well as on their (TCE and its metabolites) toxicity ...
Berny Philippe - - 2010
This is the second in a series of three review articles on animal poisoning in Europe and focuses on cases in pet animals and horses in five European countries (Belgium, France, Greece, Italy and Spain) reported over the last decade. In the participating countries, dogs were the most commonly poisoned ...
Siddaiah Latha - - 2009
Aluminum phosphide (ALP) is a pesticide that is highly toxic. It is a mitochondrial toxin that causes death by cardiac and metabolic toxicity. The most ominous effect is cardiac toxicity, which may range from minor electrocardiographic abnormalities to severe depression of cardiac contractility secondary to toxic myocarditis. There is no ...
Guitart Raimon - - 2010
This review article is the third in a series on animal poisoning in Europe and represents a collation of published and non-published wildlife poisoning data from Belgium, France, Greece, Italy and Spain over the last 10 years. Birds, particularly waterfowl and raptors, were more commonly reported as victims of poisoning ...
Guitart Raimon - - 2010
The lack of a reference Veterinary Poison Control Centre for the European Union (EU) means that clinicians find it difficult to obtain information on poisoning episodes. This three-part review collates published and unpublished data obtained from Belgium, France, Greece, Italy and Spain over the last decade in order to provide ...
Lin Chun-Chi - - 2009
Severe acute chromium poisoning related to dermal involvement has rarely been reported in the literature. We report a case of acute severe chromium poisoning through skin exposure as a result of a chemical burn of 15% of the body surface area and multiple organ failure after short-term exposure. Medical interventions, ...
Tiwary Asheesh K - - 2009
Penitrem A is a well-recognized tremorgenic mycotoxin produced by several Penicillium spp. However, most natural cases of penitrem A intoxication have been associated with Penicillium crustosum. Another Penicillium sp., Penicillium roqueforti, is used for the production of blue cheese and is found in silage and feeds. Penicillium roqueforti produces a ...
Mikler J - - 2009
Severe acute lead intoxications are rare and are associated with accidental or purposeful ingestion. There were only few cases of severe to fatal poisonings reported in literature in children. We report a case of acute lead intoxication in a child with extremely high lead blood level of 20.4 micromol/L (422.7 ...
Talbert Estlin Katherine Anne - - 2010
Optic neuropathy is a well-known complication of ethambutol therapy and usually manifests as a decrease in visual acuity, cecocentral scotomas, and deficits in color vision. To support or disprove the hypothesis that a significant majority of patients who develop ocular toxicity while undergoing treatment for a mycobacterium infection do so ...
Pericay C - - 2009
Oxaliplatin has been classified as an irritant drug. Less than 10 cases of oxaliplatin extravasation through a central venous access have been described to date. We present a case of extravasation through a central venous access, of the highest dose (165 mg) of oxaliplatin reported to date. We confirmed the ...
Panigrahi Ashish Kumar - - 2009
Imidacloprid is a systemic, chloronicotinyl insecticide. It is generally considered nontoxic to humans based on available literature. Its effects are mediated through acetylcholine receptor blockade. We report a patient with such poisoning who had respiratory arrest, for which he had to be mechanically ventilated, and who subsequently recovered. This is ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of zolpidem ingestions by young children reported to poison control centers. METHODS: Cases were all zolpidem ingestions by children 0 to 5 year old reported to Texas poison control centers during 2000 to 2006. Multiple substance ingestions were excluded. ...
Wasiak Jason - - 2009
Superficial burns that affect the epidermis and upper dermis only are characterised by redness of the skin that blanches on pressure, pain, and hypersensitivity. The skin blisters within hours and usually heals with minimal scarring within 2 to 3 weeks if no infection is present. Most minor burns occur in ...
Murali R - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Acute pesticide poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Better preventive and management strategies can be developed if the incidence and pattern of acute poisoning are known. METHODS: This retrospective study covered 15 years (1990 to 2004). The case records of all cases admitted ...
Wu Chang-Teng - - 2009
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas produced as a by-product of incomplete combustion, and a common source is the fuel used for heating water in homes. The clinical presentation of CO poisoning may be mild, moderate, or severe. This paper describes carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in a 15-year-old ...
Manjunatha Bhari Sharanesha - - 2009
Vascular neoplasms, other than benign are characterized as intermediate or malignant. They are often enshrouded in controversy, because the same neoplasm could show variability in biologic behavior that may not be correlated with microscopic features. The intermediate grade vascular neoplasm is named as epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the ...
Caldas Eloisa D - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pesticides are the second major cause of poisoning in Brazil, but information about the chemicals involved and the clinical management of patients is scarce. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of 709 pesticide cases reported to a toxicological information center from 2004 to 2007. RESULTS: Over 90% of ...
Develoux M - - 2008
Ciguatera is a toxic poisoning due to ingestion of fish and is rarely reported in France. Little is known about this imported tropical disease. We present a case observed in Paris in a traveller returning from the Dominican Republic.
Kim Hoon - - 2008
Chloroform and dichloromethane are halogenated hydrocarbons that have been used as a potent anesthetic agent or a general industrial solvent. Short-term exposure to chloroform anesthesia and long-term exposure to chloroform and dichloromethane in workplaces can produce adverse health effects, such as hepatitis, cardiac arrhythmia, and carbon monoxide intoxication. Most of ...
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