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Results 601 - 650 of 842
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Tabandeh H - - 1994
Thallium intoxication is characterized by the development of painful peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, mental disorders, and in severe cases, respiratory failure and death. Toxic optic neuropathy is also a feature. Ophthalmologic features of thallium poisoning include optic neuropathy, blepharoptosis, lens opacities, and ophthalmoplegia. A 44-year-old man with criminal sublethal thallium poisoning ...
Koyama K - - 1994
We report a case of a 59-y-old woman who ingested a herbicide containing glufosinate. Though suffering from severe toxicity of this herbicide, she did not develop convulsions, which experimentally occurs in rats treated with glufosinate. The mechanisms of convulsions are not clear. Several clinical findings in poisoning by this herbicide ...
Franco G - - 1994
This report describes a case of lead poisoning occurring in an electrician as the result of an unusual personal habit, namely, the chewing of lead-containing coatings of electric wires. A coating chewing test showed that a few minutes after beginning chewing, saliva lead concentration increased from 10 micrograms/l to several ...
Jacobs M R - - 1994
A 23-month-old boy became confused and was unable to walk thirty minutes after ingesting less than 10 mL of T36-C7, a commercial product containing 100% melaleuca oil. The child was referred to a nearby hospital. His condition improved and he was asymptomatic within 5 hours of ingestion. He was discharged ...
Hornfeldt C S - - 1994
Confusion between acetone fingernail polish removers and artificial fingernail products containing acetonitrile and N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine has resulted in pediatric morbidity and mortality. In the present case, a 20-month-old boy drank less than one ounce of Remove Artificial Nail Remover containing 100% nitroethane. In the emergency department he displayed cyanosis and 39% ...
Reid F M - - 1994
We report a case of intramuscular injection of detomidine and butorphanol in a 36 year-old-man who recovered without sequelae. Detomidine is an alpha 2 adrenergic agonist, similar to clonidine. Detomidine (Domosedan) and butorphanol (Stadol) are commonly used as preanesthetics and to produce chemical restraint, sedation and analgesia in animals, especially ...
Schulze-Rosario C - - 1994
Monitoring data on field-worker exposure studies show that prolonged or continued use of monocrotophos in plant protection may lead to significant dermal exposure with an impact on cholinesterase activity. Although oral uptake (suicide) is more hazardous than dermal exposure (spray work), both exposure routes may be potentially fatal. On the ...
Garnier R - - 1994
Zolpidem is a new short acting hypnotic agent, first launched in France in 1988. Three hundred forty-four cases of intentional acute overdoses are reviewed retrospectively. Patients were predominantly female (70%) in their third or fourth decade. Ingested doses of zolpidem ranged between 10 and 1400 mg (one pack or less ...
Pérez-Moreno J - - 1994
Mushroom poisonings caused by amatoxins are mostly lethal. Information about mycetisms caused by white species of Amanita is scarce. The present paper describes a case of mushroom poisoning caused by A. virosa. A prolongated latency period (6-10 hours), followed by cholera-like, improvement and visceral complication phases confirmed the amatoxin poisoning. ...
Abell T L - - 1994
A case of intercerebral hematoma due to warfarin-induced coagulopathy is presented. The 39-year-old woman had spread a warfarin-type rat poison around her house weekly using her bare hands, with no washing post application. Percutaneous absorption of warfarin causing coagulopathy, reported three times in the past, is a significant risk if ...
Perrone J - - 1994
Guanabenz (Wytensin Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA) is a centrally acting alpha 2 adrenergic agonist. Guanabenz shares structural and pharmacologic properties with the more commonly known sympatholytic agent clonidine. Little is known about guanabenz in overdose. Eleven cases of guanabenz poisoning have been reported in the literature and to the manufacturer ...
Kelafant G A - - 1993
A recent case of chronic arsenic intoxication due to prolonged accidental ingestion of a commercially available crabgrass killer illustrates one of the more common etiologies of present day arsenic poisoning. A review of 20 years of arsenic poisoning at the University of Kentucky (21 cases) revealed no cases attributable to ...
Chan T Y - - 1993
Dettol is involved in 10% of self-poisoning-related hospital admissions in Hong Kong. Although serious poisonings and even deaths after ingesting this common household disinfectant have been reported, the frequency with which these complications may occur is not known. In a retrospective study of 67 cases of Dettol poisoning, we found ...
Uehara S - - 1993
We studied the ability of 2-PAM to reactivate cholinesterase (ChE) inhibited by organophosphorus compounds (OPs) and aging. We estimated the reactivation rate with 2-PAM following inhibition of ChE by fenitrothion, methylparathion or ethylparathion using erythrocytes of rat and rabbit and rat brain. The period of time during which inhibited ChE ...
McDiarmid M A - - 1993
Transport of hazards from the workplace to the home by workers is a previously recognized but poorly addressed public health problem. Particularly disturbing are the childhood intoxications which may result from such paraoccupational exposure. Work clothes and shoes appear to be a common vehicle for hazard transport in recently reported ...
Cabo Valle M - - 1993
Our results were obtained from the emergency service at Elche General Hospital, which covers an adult population of 275,076 inhabitants. We studied intoxicated patients aged 15 years and above, during 1988. Our aim was to investigate the etiological and epidemiological circumstances of intoxications. We obtained a prevalence of voluntary cases ...
Barbato M P - - 1993
Poisoning from the accidental ingestion of mushrooms is an uncommon cause of morbidity within Australia and unlike many other countries no deaths have yet been recorded. This review seeks to draw attention to the various syndromes associated with mushroom poisoning and their management, thereby helping to keep our good record ...
Mitchell G - - 1993
The art of general practice is to identify important causes of common, often undifferentiated symptoms. This article presents two cases of clinical digoxin toxicity in the presence of normal or low serum digoxin levels. Standard teaching says that symptoms are related directly to toxic serum levels, but this appears to ...
Clem J R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET)-induced cardiovascular toxicity in an adult and reviews other cases that have been reported in the published literature. Human and animal data available on DEET pharmacokinetics are reviewed and factors that predispose an individual to DEET toxicity are identified. DATA SOURCES: Case report ...
Nhachi C F - - 1993
1. A retrospective study, 1980 to 1989 inclusive, of hospital admission cases due to insect and scorpion stings or bites was carried out in the six main central hospitals of Zimbabwe's four main cities. 2. A total of 92 cases were recorded and analysed. This constituted 1.5% of all hospital ...
Rao K N - - 1993
Accidental or intentional chloroform poisoning is rare, but a few such cases have been reported in literature. We report here a successful management of acute chloroform toxicity in a 33-year-old white female who attempted suicide by injecting one half milliliter of chloroform, followed by drinking half a cup the next ...
Myrenfors P G - - 1993
Moclobemide is a recently introduced short-acting, selective and reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor, type A, with few and mild side-effects at therapeutic doses. Fifteen reported cases of moclobemide overdose were studied in detail and are presented here. While pure mechanism overdosage seems benign, a combination with tricyclic antidepressants may result in ...
Steentoft A - - 1993
Benzodiazepines have been regarded as relatively safe drugs but since triazolam was introduced into Denmark in 1978, six fatal cases of poisoning by triazolam alone or in combination with ethanol, have occurred in East Denmark. In one case where no ethanol was detected, a blood triazolam concentration of 0.11 mg/l ...
Van Vyve T T Département des Soins Intensifs, Cliniques Universitaires St-Luc, Bruxelles, - - 1993
We report two cases of severe acetaminophen poisoning with favorable outcome after delayed medical treatment with N-acetylcysteine, despite severe hepatic disturbances. We briefly review the most commonly accepted prognostic criteria and the role of liver transplantation.
King W D - - 1992
The increase in the use of selective beta 2 agonists as first-choice agents in the therapy of asthma has resulted in a concomitant increase in overdoses and other therapeutic misadventures. This case describes a 22-month-old child who ingested a large overdose of albuterol, resulting in an acute syndrome consisting of ...
Van Ingen G - - 1992
The toxicity of yew (Taxus) has been known since antiquity. However, in the past 31 years, to our knowledge only six cases of Taxus poisoning have been reported in the literature. In the present paper we add five cases. From a forensic point of view, intoxication with Taxus has three ...
Abernethy M K - - 1992
Nutmeg is a common household spice sometimes abused for its hallucinogenic properties. This abuse is well reported in the medical literature over the last century. Ingestion of less than one tablespoon can produce symptoms similar to those of an anticholinergic toxic episode. Common presenting complaints are hallucinations, palpitations, and feelings ...
Cheng C T - - 1992
In October 1988, a series of food poisoning cases occurred in the State of Perak in Malaysia. Most of the victims were children. Ultimately 13 children between the ages of 2.5 and 11 years died. Epidemiological investigations showed that the probable source of the poison was Loh See Fun, a ...
Shear W A - - 1992
Connecticut Medical Insurance Company (CMIC) cases related to obstetrical care and the newborn represent the single most costly exposure to the Company. CMIC undertook the review of its perinatal cases, open and closed, to identify common elements that increased the liability exposure of individual physicians as well as the overall ...
Henry J A - - 1992
The risk of adverse reactions to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), more commonly known as "ecstasy", is now widely known in both the USA and UK, but the patterns of illness remain varied. We report our experience during 1990 and 1991. There has been a recent increase in cases of severe toxicity following ...
Dunnihoo D R - - 1992
With our 2 cases, there are 30 reported cases in English of snake bite poisoning in pregnancy with some details presented and 20 cases without details, for a total of 50 cases. We reviewed the maternal and fetal outcomes in the 30 cases that had such information. Poisoning by members ...
Müller G J GJ Department of Pharmacology, University of Stellenbosch, Parowvallei, - - 1992
Scombroid poisoning is a form of ichthyosarcotoxism caused by the consumption of 'spoiled' fish of the dark meat varieties. It can be considered a mild-to-moderate form of 'food poisoning' and it occurs world-wide. Ten incidents, involving 22 patients, were reported to Tygerberg Hospital Pharmacology and Toxicology Consultation Centre in the ...
Gollop J H - - 1992
Hawaii State Department of Health epidemiological records were reviewed for cases of ciguatera poisoning for the entire state, from January 1984 through December 1988. During the 5 year interval, the numbers of ciguatera poisoning incidents, number of cases, and date of onset were recorded, as well as age and sex ...
Rej R - - 1992
Monitoring of biochemical constituents in serum is an important component in revealing potential toxicity in humans and experimental animals due to exposure to a variety of xenobiotic agents. The relative toxicity of pure compounds, usually at large doses, has helped elucidate the mode of action of these compounds and their ...
Clark R F - - 1992
Diphenhydramine poisoning is characterized most often by anticholinergic effects. Cardiotoxicity and circulatory collapse have rarely been reported after massive ingestions of diphenhydramine and other H1-receptor-blocking agents, although these substances have local anesthetic properties and have been studied as antiarrhythmics. We report the case of a patient who developed a wide-complex ...
Berny P J - - 1992
This paper presents case reports of lead toxicoses from 2 major animal poison control centers in Europe and North America, gathered from 1985 through 1989. All results examined here involved cases assessed as "toxicosis" or "suspected toxicosis" by the National Animal Poison Control Center (NAPCC) or the Centre National d'Informations ...
Frenia M L - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the coadministration of methotrexate (MTX) and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) results in a clinically significant drug interaction. DATA SOURCES: A case report of hematologic toxicity following the administration of MTX and flurbiprofen at our institution is presented. Six previously published case reports and five pharmacokinetic studies ...
Jadhav R K - - 1992
Six cases of suspected poisoning were studied. The various body tissues and fluids of all the cases were analysed and malathion was found positive. The quantitative analysis was performed using high performance liquid chromatography. The distribution of malathion was studied in lungs, liver, kidneys, spleen, brain, heart, blood, muscles, urine ...
Dutertre J P - - 1992
A case of severe poisoning in a 2 year-old child who ingested 150 mg of oxaflozane, a non-tricyclic antidepressant, is reported. After loss of consciousness, opisthotonos and coma, recovery was obtained with conservative treatment. Atropine-like symptoms were noted. The maximal plasma concentration of oxaflozane was 63 ng/mL. The elimination half-life ...
Markowitz S B - - 1992
A case report of an urban family who experienced excessive exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides is presented. All three family members developed symptoms that were compatible with cholinesterase inhibition: headache, lightheadedness, wheezing, shortness of breath, nausea, and fatigue. Serial measurement of red blood cell and serum cholinesterases soon after ...
Heikkilä P - - 1992
Finland has kept a registry on the manufacture and use of carcinogenic agents involving occupational exposure since 1979. Employers must report annually to the labor safety authorities the employees who have been exposed to carcinogens and provide information on carcinogenic agents produced, used, or formed. Out of 131 substances or ...
Heiser J M - - 1992
A fatal case of strychnine intoxication is reported. The patient expired despite early aggressive management and prevention of metabolic complications. Serial blood levels are reported. In contrast to a previous report describing first order elimination kinetics, our data suggest that strychnine follows Michaelis-Menton elimination kinetics. The case illustrates the rapid, ...
Karlson-Stiber C - - 1992
In 1987 two lethal adult cases of accidental ethylene glycol poisoning were given spectacular attention in the Swedish mass media. This resulted in an epidemic of intentional ethylene glycol poisonings. In addition to six cases related to alcohol abuse, another 30 severe suicidal poisonings were reported to the Swedish Poison ...
Schoonbroodt D D St. Nikolaus Hospital - - 1992
A case compatible with an acute phosphine poisoning after inhalation is presented. The observation was notably characterized by necrosis of the nasal mucosa, the delayed onset of a pulmonary edema and myocardial injury with multisystemic involvement. A review of literature, not very prolific in this field, is included in the ...
Gajdos P - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence, mortality, and causes of carbon monoxide intoxications in France. A survey was conducted in the department of the Hauts-de-Seine, which is representative of the French population. Data were collected through a headquarters that had direct contact with all department emergency ...
Eisenmenger W - - 1991
In 1984 and 1985, a total of eleven Iranian patients were transferred to hospitals in Munich, Germany, after a reported gas attack in the Iran-Iraq war. The initial symptoms and pretreatment in Teheran, Iran, as well as the admittance examination data, the clinical courses of the patients, and the clinical ...
Johnson C H - - 1991
Barium is a divalent alkaline earth metal used as the insoluble sulfate salt in contrast radiography and soluble acid salts in industry. Barium poisoning results from ingestion or inhalation of the acid salts; the most common poisoning occurs after ingestion of the rodenticide barium carbonate (BaCO3). We report seven cases ...
Dehaan A - - 1991
"Scorpion fish" is a nickname given by fishermen to members of the Trachinidae family as a result of their unusual stinging mechanism. These fish are found throughout the eastern Atlantic region from the North Sea through the Mediterranean and Black Seas and along the western coast of Northern and Central ...
Erickson F C - - 1991
We present a case of diltiazem overdose in which the patient ingested 4.2 grams in an apparent suicide attempt. He arrived in the emergency department two hours postingestion with a blood pressure of 60/40 torr and a heart rate of 62 beats/min in a junctional rhythm. Intervention included activated charcoal, ...
Fernando G C - - 1991
Deliberate ingestion of cyanides is relatively rare, as reflected in the Registrar General's figures. There are no pathognomonic specific autopsy findings and even the distinctive smell may be missed by some individuals. We present four cases of cyanide ingestion, one of which appears to be the first reported case of ...
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