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Results 601 - 650 of 792
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Bernhardt D T - - 1991
This paper will review an acute onset of mental confusion associated with hallucinations secondary to vigorous administration of topical Caladryl lotion and Benadryl spray in an 8-year-old boy with chickenpox. The article discusses the toxicity of both oral and topical diphenhydramine use, along with the differentiation of varicella encephalitis from ...
Inase N - - 1991
A 38-year-old woman with pleural mesothelioma who had a history of neighborhood asbestos exposure during her childhood was demonstrated. She had no known history of occupational asbestos exposure. This is the first case of mesothelioma with neighborhood asbestos exposure reported in Japan. Previously-reported cases of mesothelioma with neighborhood asbestos exposure ...
Morgan R V - - 1991
Three hundred forty-seven cases of lead poisoning in small animals, diagnosed after 1976, were reviewed. The types of treatments used and their outcomes were analyzed. Changes in blood lead concentrations following various treatments, as well as the sources of lead exposure, were also reviewed. The geographic origins of the cases ...
Morgan R V - - 1991
Three hundred forty-seven cases of lead poisoning in small companion animals were reviewed. The yearly prevalence and overall incidence rates were examined for the 10 years before and after enactment of strict federal regulations pertaining to lead content in paint products. Biographical data, clinical signs, and laboratory results were analyzed ...
- - 1991
From May 1989 through November 1990, eight episodes of elemental mercury exposure in private residences or schools in the United States were reported to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The case studies in this report document two of these episodes (both in Michigan) of residential mercury ...
Eckert W G - - 1991
This review chronicles the characteristics of deliberate and accidental mass poisonings that occurred in World Wars I and II, in Bhopal, and in other historical cases up to and including modern wars. It also considers approaches to the investigation of such cases from the medicolegal as well as general standpoints.
Horiguchi S - - 1991
A case of lead poisoning in a secondary lead refinery was reported. A 58 year old man working at the post of lead refining complained of severe lassitude and diarrhea. By increased urine coproporphyrin excretion, he was suspected of a case of lead poisoning. Clinical data from the health examinations ...
Yagi H - - 1991
A series of 18 cases of acute hair dye (paraphenylenediamine) poisoning were reported. The characteristic features of swollen face and the chocolate brown colour of the urine were diagnostic. Asphyxia was found to be the major early challenge of life. Tracheostomy and intensive medical treatment with hydrocortisone and chlorpheniramine maleate ...
Olson D K - - 1991
The purpose of this study is to describe pesticide exposure in the population of callers to Minnesota Regional Poison Centers. Case files from 1988 reporting pesticide exposure to humans were identified in cooperation with the Minnesota Center for Health Statistics. Data analysis was conducted by computer using SAS statistical package. ...
Banerjee S - - 1991
A case of poisoning with 100 mg of oxybutynin in a 34-year-old female is reported. The main features were anticholinergic effects, including stupor, followed by disorientation and agitation on awakening, dilated pupils, dry skin and retention of urine. She had a sinus tachycardia which resolved 3 h after admission, and ...
Krone U E - - 1991
In an earlier publication, we reported that corrinoids catalyze the sequential reduction of CCl4 to CHCl3, CH2Cl2, CH3Cl, and CH4 with titanium(III) citrate as electron donor [Krone, U. E., Thauer, R. K., & Hogenkamp, H. P. C. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 4908-4914]. However, the recovery of these products was less than ...
Fuortes L - - 1991
The authors report on a case of an acute fatality characterized by abdominal pain and respiratory failure occurring soon after beginning to weld and solder galvanized sheet metal. Heating of galvanized sheet metal is a recognized cause of metal fume fever, data from this patient suggests an additional and unrecognized ...
Mofenson H C - - 1991
This is a case of magnesium intoxication in a neonate produced by an oral magnesium cathartic. A review of the literature revealed there are very few cases that have been reported of magnesium toxicity due to cathartics. There is no recommended dose for magnesium cathartics in neonates or data on ...
Tominack R L - - 1991
Between January, 1986 and September, 1988, the Taiwan National Poison Center recorded 97 telephone consultations (49 male, 48 female) on cases of ingestion of glyphosate-surfactant herbicide concentrate containing the isopropylamine salt of glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine, CAS 1071-83-6) and a non-ionic tallow amine surfactant. Eleven of the cases resulted in fatalities, ...
Buchanan A - - 1991
The case is described of a naked sleepwalker who was convicted of indecent exposure. The literature relating to sleepwalking and indecent exposure is briefly reviewed and the legal position discussed. Sleepwalkers are seldom convicted of crimes which they commit while asleep. In recent years a successful defence has usually been ...
Vig M M - - 1990
Nicotine poisoning is a rarely reported toxicosis. The clinical signs and symptoms are complex and are mostly of central nervous system derangement. In addition, animals may have hypersalivation, vomiting, diarrhea, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypertension and hyperthermia. Some animals are presented in total collapse with slow and shallow respirations, hypotension, dilated pupils, ...
Martín Algarra S - - 1990
Two cases of severe delayed neurologic toxicity related to the administration of intrathecal (IT) combination chemotherapy including thiotepa (TSPA) are presented. Both cases developed axonal neuropathy with motor predominance in the lower extremities 1 and 6 months after IT chemotherapy was administered. Neurologic toxicities have been described with IT-methotrexate, IT-cytosine ...
Theilade P - - 1990
A review is presented of 302 cases in East Denmark in 1982-1986 in which the manner of death was fatal carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. The incidence of this far too frequent single-substance poisoning has as yet not decreased over the years despite preventive measures. The number of fatal CO poisoning ...
Malachowski M E - - 1990
Arsenic poisoning is more than just a medical curiosity. Cases of acute and chronic intoxication continue to occur in the United States. Much is now known about the biochemical mechanisms of injury, which has led to a rational basis for therapy. Most importantly, however, the clinician must stay alert to ...
Pierce L R - - 1990
The Food and Drug Administration documents the receipt of 12 case reports of severe myopathy or rhabdomyolysis associated with concomitant use of lovastatin and gemfibrozil, including 10 voluntary postmarketing, and 2 required, reports. All patients had serum creatine kinase levels of more than 10,000 U/L, 4 tested showed myoglobinuria, and ...
Seneff M - - 1990
Theophylline overdoses are frequent conditions that may require emergency treatment. Clinical features common to severe theophylline toxicity include nausea and vomiting, tachydysrhythmias, metabolic disturbances, seizures, and cardiovascular collapse. Several reports have described these manifestations and their treatments. We report the case of a patient suffering from an acute, intentional theophylline ...
Perry P A - - 1990
Reports in the literature about cinnamon oil toxicity are limited to allergic reactions and local irritant effects from dermatologic exposure. Cinnamon oil is easily obtained from pharmacies in 5-10 ml amounts for use as a flavoring agent and in craft items. Within a 5-mo period the Pittsburgh Poison Center (PPC) ...
Jaffe A M - - 1990
We present six cases of poisoning due to ingestion of Veratrum viride (false hellebore) and review the physiology of veratrum alkaloids. Significant bradycardia and hypotension can occur after intoxication by veratrum plants, which grow widely in swampy areas of the eastern and western United States. Nausea and vomiting also occur ...
Klain, George J.
This work reviews 314 cases of poisoning, including 15 deaths which occurred in humans as a result of castor seed ingestion between 1738 and 1988. Castor seed toxicity is due to ricin, a powerful phytotoxin present in the plant and concentrated in the seeds. Ingestion of castor seeds is extremely ...
Price K R - - 1990
We present the case of a 58-year-old woman who ingested more than 35 g of caffeine in a suicide attempt. She manifested all the clinical symptoms and signs of caffeine toxicity. Esmolol, an ultrashort-acting beta 1-selective antagonist, controlled her multiple dysrhythmias and symptoms of sympathetic nervous system hyperstimulation. We suggest ...
Parr M J - - 1990
Sixty-four cases of theophylline poisoning were reviewed. All but two cases represented international self poisoning. The majority of patients were young females who presented acutely after ingestion of sustained release preparations prescribed for asthma. Serum theophylline levels (mean 365 mumol/l, SD 177) indicated a high risk of toxicity. Electrolyte and ...
Stenklyft P H - - 1990
The case of a 6-year-old female who developed hypovolemic shock from mushroom poisoning is discussed. The mushroom ingested, Chlorophyllum molybdites, is considered to be a benign gastrointestinal irritant. This case emphasizes that the gastrointestinal irritant mushrooms can produce severe toxicity and that pediatric patients have a limited capacity for fluid ...
Feldman J M - - 1990
A twenty-eight-year-old man presented emergently after ingesting 800 mg of potassium cyanide in a suicide attempt. He survived only with intensive medical and psychiatric intervention, and went on to develop severe parkinsonian symptoms, including profound micrographia and hypersalivation. Bilateral, symmetrical basal ganglial abnormalities were demonstrated with magnetic resonance imaging. Survival ...
Hall J C - - 1989
We have reported the case of a 42-year-old man exposed to arsenic at least three times over a ten-month period from an agricultural source. He showed classical symptoms and signs of arsenic poisoning. During chelation therapy and apparent recovery from the poisoning, he suddenly and unexpectedly died; postmortem examination revealed ...
Kelly D F - - 1989
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare but often fatal hypersensitivity reaction to numerous agents, including most anticonvulsants. The authors present a case of fatal phenytoin-related toxic epidermal necrolysis in a patient who was given prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy after he sustained a moderately severe closed head injury. The typical course and ...
Dugandzic R M - - 1989
To evaluate the validity of the Done nomogram in the management of acute adult salicylate intoxications, a retrospective review of cases at our institution was performed. The degree of severity (ie, asymptomatic, mild, moderate, or severe) as determined by plotting the serum concentration and time on the nomogram for 55 ...
Meucci G - - 1989
We report a case of acute CO poisoning, followed after 9 days by the onset of choreoathetosis in the upper limbs and face, in a 24 year old man. The patient also showed memory disturbances that tended to clear gradually within about six months. CT scan and NMR revealed symmetrical ...
Dawling S - - 1989
1. Two fatal cases of deliberate self-poisoning with lignocaine are reported, one by oral ingestion and one by intravenous injection. Post-mortem blood lignocaine concentrations were 40 and 53 mg/l, respectively. 2. Lignocaine self-poisoning is rare since no formulations for oral use other than gels are available. However, serious toxicity can ...
Dawson A H AH Royal Newcastle Hospital, NSW, - - 1989
The currently recommended dosage regimen for methylene blue (intermittent bolus dose) in the treatment of methaemoglobinaemia caused by dapsone is often inadequate. This is due to the long half-life of dapsone which provides a continuing oxidative stress that can cause a recurrence of clinically significant methaemoglobinaemia. Methylene blue infusion is ...
Shamley D J DJ Department of Neurology, Baragwanath Hospital, - - 1989
The diagnosis of mercury poisoning requires a high index of suspicion. Mercury poisoning in a patient involved in illicit gold extraction is reported and 6 other cases considered. Some of the clinical features and treatment of this condition are discussed.
Stern R S - - 1989
To evaluate the usefulness of the case report literature concerning toxic epidermal necrolysis, we surveyed English-language reports published from January 1966 to April 1987, using epidermal necrolysis as a key word in the MEDLINE database. Of the 345 articles identified, 80 definitely or possibly contained individual case reports of at ...
Höjer J - - 1989
A retrospective study covering a 14-year period was carried out to estimate the incidence and assess the clinical features of benzodiazepine (BZD) poisoning. The annual contribution of BZDs to the total number of drug overdose cases admitted to an intensive care unit displayed an increasing trend over the period, and ...
O'Malley M - - 1989
In order to evaluate consumer uses of first-aid recommendations on pesticide labels and the appropriateness of current label first-aid statements, callers to the University of California, Davis Regional Poison Control Center (RPCC) reporting pesticide exposures were questioned during the period from August 27 to September 30, 1987. Of 2,650 calls ...
Petersen D W - - 1989
Accidental ingestion reports for 2 nationally distributed hand dishwashing detergents with similar formulations were compared to determine the possible effect of lemon aesthetics on ingestion frequency and volume. Data were compared over almost a 2-year period (May 1986 to April 1988), and a total of 2141 accidental ingestion reports for ...
el Saadi M S - - 1989
A retrospective review of 237 consecutive cases of dermal exposure to dilute (6-11%) hydrofluoric acid (HF)- containing rust stain remover consumer products reported to the Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center during 1986 was done to evaluate the toxicity of these agents and the efficacy of topical treatment with calcium ...
Gunatilake K - - 1989
Deaths as a result of organophosphate poisoning are usually detected by analysis of body fluids and tissues for the presence of the toxic agent. These procedures present particular difficulties when performed on remains in an advanced stage of decomposition. Malathion poisoning was suspected in a case in which the remains ...
Varughese A - - 1989
Overdose with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is still a relatively underreported phenomenon. We report here a case of an unintentional overdose of enalapril (100 mg) together with other medications. The patient experienced no adverse consequences. Pharmacokinetic evaluation revealed a t 1/2 for enalaprilat (prodrug) of seven hours and for enalapril ...
Hoffman R S - - 1989
Methemoglobinemia following fire exposure is largely unrecognized. Fire related morbidity and mortality are customarily attributed to thermal injury, associated trauma, and carbon monoxide poisoning. More recently, cyanide poisoning has been described from the inhalation of hydrogen cyanide liberated from of burning plastics (1). Symptoms of tissue hypoxia and cyanosis resulting ...
Spiller H A - - 1989
Terfenadine is a newly marketed non-sedating antihistamine. It binds strongly with peripheral H-1 receptors and only weakly with muscarinic, alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors. There is limited information about ingestion by children 1-5 years old and no reports in the literature of accidental ingestion. We performed a 1-year retrospective study at ...
Crowe M T - - 1989
The records of all deaths due to poisoning investigated by the Leeds University Department of Forensic Medicine, over an eleven-year period between 1977 and 1987, were studied. There were 422 cases consisting of 208 males and 214 females. Two of these cases were homicidal in nature (both were unconnected cases ...
Swaddiwudhipong W - - 1989
A study was conducted to determine the current situation of chemical foodborne outbreaks in Thailand for the period 1981-1987. Seventy-three outbreaks of chemical poisoning involving 1236 persons of whom 54 died were reported. Twenty outbreaks affecting 722 cases were caused by insecticide poisoning and methomyl was the most commonly recognized ...
Paholpak S - - 1989
A 51-year-old manic woman who developed acute severe lithium intoxication with neurotoxicity and nephrotoxicity during rapid abatement of manic episode was reported. The underlying causes of the serious toxicity were reviewed. Awareness and early detection of the toxic symptoms are emphasized in order to avoid permanent toxic sequelae. It is ...
He F - - 1989
This article reviews 573 cases of acute pyrethroid poisoning reported in the Chinese medical literatures during 1983-1988. There were 325 cases of acute deltamethrin poisoning (occupational 158, accidental 167), 196 patients of acute fenvalerate poisoning (occupational 63, accidental 133, including 2 cases of ingestive fenvalerate-organophosphate mixture poisoning), 45 cases of ...
Samie M R - - 1989
Cyproheptadine is an antihistamine with antiserotoninergic and anticholinergic properties. It is a relatively safe drug with many varied indications for usage, which rarely produces serious adverse neurologic sequelae. Reports of involuntary movement disorder secondary to cyproheptadine are rare. We present the case of a 17-year-old overdose victim which may be ...
Reed S M - - 1989
Two patients who developed choreoathetosis in the course of lithium treatment are described, and other cases of choreoathetosis in lithium-treated patients are reviewed. Choreoathetosis is suggested to be a sign of lithium toxicity, almost always accompanied by other signs of neurotoxicity, such as delirium and cerebellar dysfunction. Of the reported ...
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