Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 823
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Nhachi C F - - 1993
1. A retrospective study, 1980 to 1989 inclusive, of hospital admission cases due to insect and scorpion stings or bites was carried out in the six main central hospitals of Zimbabwe's four main cities. 2. A total of 92 cases were recorded and analysed. This constituted 1.5% of all hospital ...
Rao K N - - 1993
Accidental or intentional chloroform poisoning is rare, but a few such cases have been reported in literature. We report here a successful management of acute chloroform toxicity in a 33-year-old white female who attempted suicide by injecting one half milliliter of chloroform, followed by drinking half a cup the next ...
Myrenfors P G - - 1993
Moclobemide is a recently introduced short-acting, selective and reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor, type A, with few and mild side-effects at therapeutic doses. Fifteen reported cases of moclobemide overdose were studied in detail and are presented here. While pure mechanism overdosage seems benign, a combination with tricyclic antidepressants may result in ...
Steentoft A - - 1993
Benzodiazepines have been regarded as relatively safe drugs but since triazolam was introduced into Denmark in 1978, six fatal cases of poisoning by triazolam alone or in combination with ethanol, have occurred in East Denmark. In one case where no ethanol was detected, a blood triazolam concentration of 0.11 mg/l ...
Van Vyve T T Département des Soins Intensifs, Cliniques Universitaires St-Luc, Bruxelles, - - 1993
We report two cases of severe acetaminophen poisoning with favorable outcome after delayed medical treatment with N-acetylcysteine, despite severe hepatic disturbances. We briefly review the most commonly accepted prognostic criteria and the role of liver transplantation.
King W D - - 1992
The increase in the use of selective beta 2 agonists as first-choice agents in the therapy of asthma has resulted in a concomitant increase in overdoses and other therapeutic misadventures. This case describes a 22-month-old child who ingested a large overdose of albuterol, resulting in an acute syndrome consisting of ...
Van Ingen G - - 1992
The toxicity of yew (Taxus) has been known since antiquity. However, in the past 31 years, to our knowledge only six cases of Taxus poisoning have been reported in the literature. In the present paper we add five cases. From a forensic point of view, intoxication with Taxus has three ...
Abernethy M K - - 1992
Nutmeg is a common household spice sometimes abused for its hallucinogenic properties. This abuse is well reported in the medical literature over the last century. Ingestion of less than one tablespoon can produce symptoms similar to those of an anticholinergic toxic episode. Common presenting complaints are hallucinations, palpitations, and feelings ...
Cheng C T - - 1992
In October 1988, a series of food poisoning cases occurred in the State of Perak in Malaysia. Most of the victims were children. Ultimately 13 children between the ages of 2.5 and 11 years died. Epidemiological investigations showed that the probable source of the poison was Loh See Fun, a ...
Shear W A - - 1992
Connecticut Medical Insurance Company (CMIC) cases related to obstetrical care and the newborn represent the single most costly exposure to the Company. CMIC undertook the review of its perinatal cases, open and closed, to identify common elements that increased the liability exposure of individual physicians as well as the overall ...
Henry J A - - 1992
The risk of adverse reactions to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), more commonly known as "ecstasy", is now widely known in both the USA and UK, but the patterns of illness remain varied. We report our experience during 1990 and 1991. There has been a recent increase in cases of severe toxicity following ...
Dunnihoo D R - - 1992
With our 2 cases, there are 30 reported cases in English of snake bite poisoning in pregnancy with some details presented and 20 cases without details, for a total of 50 cases. We reviewed the maternal and fetal outcomes in the 30 cases that had such information. Poisoning by members ...
Müller G J GJ Department of Pharmacology, University of Stellenbosch, Parowvallei, - - 1992
Scombroid poisoning is a form of ichthyosarcotoxism caused by the consumption of 'spoiled' fish of the dark meat varieties. It can be considered a mild-to-moderate form of 'food poisoning' and it occurs world-wide. Ten incidents, involving 22 patients, were reported to Tygerberg Hospital Pharmacology and Toxicology Consultation Centre in the ...
Gollop J H - - 1992
Hawaii State Department of Health epidemiological records were reviewed for cases of ciguatera poisoning for the entire state, from January 1984 through December 1988. During the 5 year interval, the numbers of ciguatera poisoning incidents, number of cases, and date of onset were recorded, as well as age and sex ...
Rej R - - 1992
Monitoring of biochemical constituents in serum is an important component in revealing potential toxicity in humans and experimental animals due to exposure to a variety of xenobiotic agents. The relative toxicity of pure compounds, usually at large doses, has helped elucidate the mode of action of these compounds and their ...
Clark R F - - 1992
Diphenhydramine poisoning is characterized most often by anticholinergic effects. Cardiotoxicity and circulatory collapse have rarely been reported after massive ingestions of diphenhydramine and other H1-receptor-blocking agents, although these substances have local anesthetic properties and have been studied as antiarrhythmics. We report the case of a patient who developed a wide-complex ...
Berny P J - - 1992
This paper presents case reports of lead toxicoses from 2 major animal poison control centers in Europe and North America, gathered from 1985 through 1989. All results examined here involved cases assessed as "toxicosis" or "suspected toxicosis" by the National Animal Poison Control Center (NAPCC) or the Centre National d'Informations ...
Frenia M L - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the coadministration of methotrexate (MTX) and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) results in a clinically significant drug interaction. DATA SOURCES: A case report of hematologic toxicity following the administration of MTX and flurbiprofen at our institution is presented. Six previously published case reports and five pharmacokinetic studies ...
Jadhav R K - - 1992
Six cases of suspected poisoning were studied. The various body tissues and fluids of all the cases were analysed and malathion was found positive. The quantitative analysis was performed using high performance liquid chromatography. The distribution of malathion was studied in lungs, liver, kidneys, spleen, brain, heart, blood, muscles, urine ...
Dutertre J P - - 1992
A case of severe poisoning in a 2 year-old child who ingested 150 mg of oxaflozane, a non-tricyclic antidepressant, is reported. After loss of consciousness, opisthotonos and coma, recovery was obtained with conservative treatment. Atropine-like symptoms were noted. The maximal plasma concentration of oxaflozane was 63 ng/mL. The elimination half-life ...
Markowitz S B - - 1992
A case report of an urban family who experienced excessive exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides is presented. All three family members developed symptoms that were compatible with cholinesterase inhibition: headache, lightheadedness, wheezing, shortness of breath, nausea, and fatigue. Serial measurement of red blood cell and serum cholinesterases soon after ...
Heikkilä P - - 1992
Finland has kept a registry on the manufacture and use of carcinogenic agents involving occupational exposure since 1979. Employers must report annually to the labor safety authorities the employees who have been exposed to carcinogens and provide information on carcinogenic agents produced, used, or formed. Out of 131 substances or ...
Heiser J M - - 1992
A fatal case of strychnine intoxication is reported. The patient expired despite early aggressive management and prevention of metabolic complications. Serial blood levels are reported. In contrast to a previous report describing first order elimination kinetics, our data suggest that strychnine follows Michaelis-Menton elimination kinetics. The case illustrates the rapid, ...
Karlson-Stiber C - - 1992
In 1987 two lethal adult cases of accidental ethylene glycol poisoning were given spectacular attention in the Swedish mass media. This resulted in an epidemic of intentional ethylene glycol poisonings. In addition to six cases related to alcohol abuse, another 30 severe suicidal poisonings were reported to the Swedish Poison ...
Schoonbroodt D D St. Nikolaus Hospital - - 1992
A case compatible with an acute phosphine poisoning after inhalation is presented. The observation was notably characterized by necrosis of the nasal mucosa, the delayed onset of a pulmonary edema and myocardial injury with multisystemic involvement. A review of literature, not very prolific in this field, is included in the ...
Gajdos P - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence, mortality, and causes of carbon monoxide intoxications in France. A survey was conducted in the department of the Hauts-de-Seine, which is representative of the French population. Data were collected through a headquarters that had direct contact with all department emergency ...
Eisenmenger W - - 1991
In 1984 and 1985, a total of eleven Iranian patients were transferred to hospitals in Munich, Germany, after a reported gas attack in the Iran-Iraq war. The initial symptoms and pretreatment in Teheran, Iran, as well as the admittance examination data, the clinical courses of the patients, and the clinical ...
Johnson C H - - 1991
Barium is a divalent alkaline earth metal used as the insoluble sulfate salt in contrast radiography and soluble acid salts in industry. Barium poisoning results from ingestion or inhalation of the acid salts; the most common poisoning occurs after ingestion of the rodenticide barium carbonate (BaCO3). We report seven cases ...
Dehaan A - - 1991
"Scorpion fish" is a nickname given by fishermen to members of the Trachinidae family as a result of their unusual stinging mechanism. These fish are found throughout the eastern Atlantic region from the North Sea through the Mediterranean and Black Seas and along the western coast of Northern and Central ...
Erickson F C - - 1991
We present a case of diltiazem overdose in which the patient ingested 4.2 grams in an apparent suicide attempt. He arrived in the emergency department two hours postingestion with a blood pressure of 60/40 torr and a heart rate of 62 beats/min in a junctional rhythm. Intervention included activated charcoal, ...
Fernando G C - - 1991
Deliberate ingestion of cyanides is relatively rare, as reflected in the Registrar General's figures. There are no pathognomonic specific autopsy findings and even the distinctive smell may be missed by some individuals. We present four cases of cyanide ingestion, one of which appears to be the first reported case of ...
Bernhardt D T - - 1991
This paper will review an acute onset of mental confusion associated with hallucinations secondary to vigorous administration of topical Caladryl lotion and Benadryl spray in an 8-year-old boy with chickenpox. The article discusses the toxicity of both oral and topical diphenhydramine use, along with the differentiation of varicella encephalitis from ...
Inase N - - 1991
A 38-year-old woman with pleural mesothelioma who had a history of neighborhood asbestos exposure during her childhood was demonstrated. She had no known history of occupational asbestos exposure. This is the first case of mesothelioma with neighborhood asbestos exposure reported in Japan. Previously-reported cases of mesothelioma with neighborhood asbestos exposure ...
Morgan R V - - 1991
Three hundred forty-seven cases of lead poisoning in small animals, diagnosed after 1976, were reviewed. The types of treatments used and their outcomes were analyzed. Changes in blood lead concentrations following various treatments, as well as the sources of lead exposure, were also reviewed. The geographic origins of the cases ...
Morgan R V - - 1991
Three hundred forty-seven cases of lead poisoning in small companion animals were reviewed. The yearly prevalence and overall incidence rates were examined for the 10 years before and after enactment of strict federal regulations pertaining to lead content in paint products. Biographical data, clinical signs, and laboratory results were analyzed ...
- - 1991
From May 1989 through November 1990, eight episodes of elemental mercury exposure in private residences or schools in the United States were reported to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The case studies in this report document two of these episodes (both in Michigan) of residential mercury ...
Eckert W G - - 1991
This review chronicles the characteristics of deliberate and accidental mass poisonings that occurred in World Wars I and II, in Bhopal, and in other historical cases up to and including modern wars. It also considers approaches to the investigation of such cases from the medicolegal as well as general standpoints.
Horiguchi S - - 1991
A case of lead poisoning in a secondary lead refinery was reported. A 58 year old man working at the post of lead refining complained of severe lassitude and diarrhea. By increased urine coproporphyrin excretion, he was suspected of a case of lead poisoning. Clinical data from the health examinations ...
Yagi H - - 1991
A series of 18 cases of acute hair dye (paraphenylenediamine) poisoning were reported. The characteristic features of swollen face and the chocolate brown colour of the urine were diagnostic. Asphyxia was found to be the major early challenge of life. Tracheostomy and intensive medical treatment with hydrocortisone and chlorpheniramine maleate ...
Olson D K - - 1991
The purpose of this study is to describe pesticide exposure in the population of callers to Minnesota Regional Poison Centers. Case files from 1988 reporting pesticide exposure to humans were identified in cooperation with the Minnesota Center for Health Statistics. Data analysis was conducted by computer using SAS statistical package. ...
Banerjee S - - 1991
A case of poisoning with 100 mg of oxybutynin in a 34-year-old female is reported. The main features were anticholinergic effects, including stupor, followed by disorientation and agitation on awakening, dilated pupils, dry skin and retention of urine. She had a sinus tachycardia which resolved 3 h after admission, and ...
Krone U E - - 1991
In an earlier publication, we reported that corrinoids catalyze the sequential reduction of CCl4 to CHCl3, CH2Cl2, CH3Cl, and CH4 with titanium(III) citrate as electron donor [Krone, U. E., Thauer, R. K., & Hogenkamp, H. P. C. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 4908-4914]. However, the recovery of these products was less than ...
Fuortes L - - 1991
The authors report on a case of an acute fatality characterized by abdominal pain and respiratory failure occurring soon after beginning to weld and solder galvanized sheet metal. Heating of galvanized sheet metal is a recognized cause of metal fume fever, data from this patient suggests an additional and unrecognized ...
Mofenson H C - - 1991
This is a case of magnesium intoxication in a neonate produced by an oral magnesium cathartic. A review of the literature revealed there are very few cases that have been reported of magnesium toxicity due to cathartics. There is no recommended dose for magnesium cathartics in neonates or data on ...
Tominack R L - - 1991
Between January, 1986 and September, 1988, the Taiwan National Poison Center recorded 97 telephone consultations (49 male, 48 female) on cases of ingestion of glyphosate-surfactant herbicide concentrate containing the isopropylamine salt of glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine, CAS 1071-83-6) and a non-ionic tallow amine surfactant. Eleven of the cases resulted in fatalities, ...
Buchanan A - - 1991
The case is described of a naked sleepwalker who was convicted of indecent exposure. The literature relating to sleepwalking and indecent exposure is briefly reviewed and the legal position discussed. Sleepwalkers are seldom convicted of crimes which they commit while asleep. In recent years a successful defence has usually been ...
Vig M M - - 1990
Nicotine poisoning is a rarely reported toxicosis. The clinical signs and symptoms are complex and are mostly of central nervous system derangement. In addition, animals may have hypersalivation, vomiting, diarrhea, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypertension and hyperthermia. Some animals are presented in total collapse with slow and shallow respirations, hypotension, dilated pupils, ...
Martín Algarra S - - 1990
Two cases of severe delayed neurologic toxicity related to the administration of intrathecal (IT) combination chemotherapy including thiotepa (TSPA) are presented. Both cases developed axonal neuropathy with motor predominance in the lower extremities 1 and 6 months after IT chemotherapy was administered. Neurologic toxicities have been described with IT-methotrexate, IT-cytosine ...
Theilade P - - 1990
A review is presented of 302 cases in East Denmark in 1982-1986 in which the manner of death was fatal carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. The incidence of this far too frequent single-substance poisoning has as yet not decreased over the years despite preventive measures. The number of fatal CO poisoning ...
Malachowski M E - - 1990
Arsenic poisoning is more than just a medical curiosity. Cases of acute and chronic intoxication continue to occur in the United States. Much is now known about the biochemical mechanisms of injury, which has led to a rational basis for therapy. Most importantly, however, the clinician must stay alert to ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >