Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 779
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Tominack R L - - 1991
Between January, 1986 and September, 1988, the Taiwan National Poison Center recorded 97 telephone consultations (49 male, 48 female) on cases of ingestion of glyphosate-surfactant herbicide concentrate containing the isopropylamine salt of glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine, CAS 1071-83-6) and a non-ionic tallow amine surfactant. Eleven of the cases resulted in fatalities, ...
Buchanan A - - 1991
The case is described of a naked sleepwalker who was convicted of indecent exposure. The literature relating to sleepwalking and indecent exposure is briefly reviewed and the legal position discussed. Sleepwalkers are seldom convicted of crimes which they commit while asleep. In recent years a successful defence has usually been ...
Vig M M - - 1990
Nicotine poisoning is a rarely reported toxicosis. The clinical signs and symptoms are complex and are mostly of central nervous system derangement. In addition, animals may have hypersalivation, vomiting, diarrhea, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypertension and hyperthermia. Some animals are presented in total collapse with slow and shallow respirations, hypotension, dilated pupils, ...
Martín Algarra S - - 1990
Two cases of severe delayed neurologic toxicity related to the administration of intrathecal (IT) combination chemotherapy including thiotepa (TSPA) are presented. Both cases developed axonal neuropathy with motor predominance in the lower extremities 1 and 6 months after IT chemotherapy was administered. Neurologic toxicities have been described with IT-methotrexate, IT-cytosine ...
Theilade P - - 1990
A review is presented of 302 cases in East Denmark in 1982-1986 in which the manner of death was fatal carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. The incidence of this far too frequent single-substance poisoning has as yet not decreased over the years despite preventive measures. The number of fatal CO poisoning ...
Malachowski M E - - 1990
Arsenic poisoning is more than just a medical curiosity. Cases of acute and chronic intoxication continue to occur in the United States. Much is now known about the biochemical mechanisms of injury, which has led to a rational basis for therapy. Most importantly, however, the clinician must stay alert to ...
Pierce L R - - 1990
The Food and Drug Administration documents the receipt of 12 case reports of severe myopathy or rhabdomyolysis associated with concomitant use of lovastatin and gemfibrozil, including 10 voluntary postmarketing, and 2 required, reports. All patients had serum creatine kinase levels of more than 10,000 U/L, 4 tested showed myoglobinuria, and ...
Seneff M - - 1990
Theophylline overdoses are frequent conditions that may require emergency treatment. Clinical features common to severe theophylline toxicity include nausea and vomiting, tachydysrhythmias, metabolic disturbances, seizures, and cardiovascular collapse. Several reports have described these manifestations and their treatments. We report the case of a patient suffering from an acute, intentional theophylline ...
Perry P A - - 1990
Reports in the literature about cinnamon oil toxicity are limited to allergic reactions and local irritant effects from dermatologic exposure. Cinnamon oil is easily obtained from pharmacies in 5-10 ml amounts for use as a flavoring agent and in craft items. Within a 5-mo period the Pittsburgh Poison Center (PPC) ...
Jaffe A M - - 1990
We present six cases of poisoning due to ingestion of Veratrum viride (false hellebore) and review the physiology of veratrum alkaloids. Significant bradycardia and hypotension can occur after intoxication by veratrum plants, which grow widely in swampy areas of the eastern and western United States. Nausea and vomiting also occur ...
Klain, George J.
This work reviews 314 cases of poisoning, including 15 deaths which occurred in humans as a result of castor seed ingestion between 1738 and 1988. Castor seed toxicity is due to ricin, a powerful phytotoxin present in the plant and concentrated in the seeds. Ingestion of castor seeds is extremely ...
Price K R - - 1990
We present the case of a 58-year-old woman who ingested more than 35 g of caffeine in a suicide attempt. She manifested all the clinical symptoms and signs of caffeine toxicity. Esmolol, an ultrashort-acting beta 1-selective antagonist, controlled her multiple dysrhythmias and symptoms of sympathetic nervous system hyperstimulation. We suggest ...
Parr M J - - 1990
Sixty-four cases of theophylline poisoning were reviewed. All but two cases represented international self poisoning. The majority of patients were young females who presented acutely after ingestion of sustained release preparations prescribed for asthma. Serum theophylline levels (mean 365 mumol/l, SD 177) indicated a high risk of toxicity. Electrolyte and ...
Stenklyft P H - - 1990
The case of a 6-year-old female who developed hypovolemic shock from mushroom poisoning is discussed. The mushroom ingested, Chlorophyllum molybdites, is considered to be a benign gastrointestinal irritant. This case emphasizes that the gastrointestinal irritant mushrooms can produce severe toxicity and that pediatric patients have a limited capacity for fluid ...
Feldman J M - - 1990
A twenty-eight-year-old man presented emergently after ingesting 800 mg of potassium cyanide in a suicide attempt. He survived only with intensive medical and psychiatric intervention, and went on to develop severe parkinsonian symptoms, including profound micrographia and hypersalivation. Bilateral, symmetrical basal ganglial abnormalities were demonstrated with magnetic resonance imaging. Survival ...
Hall J C - - 1989
We have reported the case of a 42-year-old man exposed to arsenic at least three times over a ten-month period from an agricultural source. He showed classical symptoms and signs of arsenic poisoning. During chelation therapy and apparent recovery from the poisoning, he suddenly and unexpectedly died; postmortem examination revealed ...
Kelly D F - - 1989
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare but often fatal hypersensitivity reaction to numerous agents, including most anticonvulsants. The authors present a case of fatal phenytoin-related toxic epidermal necrolysis in a patient who was given prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy after he sustained a moderately severe closed head injury. The typical course and ...
Dugandzic R M - - 1989
To evaluate the validity of the Done nomogram in the management of acute adult salicylate intoxications, a retrospective review of cases at our institution was performed. The degree of severity (ie, asymptomatic, mild, moderate, or severe) as determined by plotting the serum concentration and time on the nomogram for 55 ...
Meucci G - - 1989
We report a case of acute CO poisoning, followed after 9 days by the onset of choreoathetosis in the upper limbs and face, in a 24 year old man. The patient also showed memory disturbances that tended to clear gradually within about six months. CT scan and NMR revealed symmetrical ...
Dawling S - - 1989
1. Two fatal cases of deliberate self-poisoning with lignocaine are reported, one by oral ingestion and one by intravenous injection. Post-mortem blood lignocaine concentrations were 40 and 53 mg/l, respectively. 2. Lignocaine self-poisoning is rare since no formulations for oral use other than gels are available. However, serious toxicity can ...
Dawson A H - - 1989
The currently recommended dosage regimen for methylene blue (intermittent bolus dose) in the treatment of methaemoglobinaemia caused by dapsone is often inadequate. This is due to the long half-life of dapsone which provides a continuing oxidative stress that can cause a recurrence of clinically significant methaemoglobinaemia. Methylene blue infusion is ...
Shamley D J DJ Department of Neurology, Baragwanath Hospital, - - 1989
The diagnosis of mercury poisoning requires a high index of suspicion. Mercury poisoning in a patient involved in illicit gold extraction is reported and 6 other cases considered. Some of the clinical features and treatment of this condition are discussed.
Stern R S - - 1989
To evaluate the usefulness of the case report literature concerning toxic epidermal necrolysis, we surveyed English-language reports published from January 1966 to April 1987, using epidermal necrolysis as a key word in the MEDLINE database. Of the 345 articles identified, 80 definitely or possibly contained individual case reports of at ...
Höjer J - - 1989
A retrospective study covering a 14-year period was carried out to estimate the incidence and assess the clinical features of benzodiazepine (BZD) poisoning. The annual contribution of BZDs to the total number of drug overdose cases admitted to an intensive care unit displayed an increasing trend over the period, and ...
O'Malley M - - 1989
In order to evaluate consumer uses of first-aid recommendations on pesticide labels and the appropriateness of current label first-aid statements, callers to the University of California, Davis Regional Poison Control Center (RPCC) reporting pesticide exposures were questioned during the period from August 27 to September 30, 1987. Of 2,650 calls ...
Petersen D W - - 1989
Accidental ingestion reports for 2 nationally distributed hand dishwashing detergents with similar formulations were compared to determine the possible effect of lemon aesthetics on ingestion frequency and volume. Data were compared over almost a 2-year period (May 1986 to April 1988), and a total of 2141 accidental ingestion reports for ...
el Saadi M S - - 1989
A retrospective review of 237 consecutive cases of dermal exposure to dilute (6-11%) hydrofluoric acid (HF)- containing rust stain remover consumer products reported to the Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center during 1986 was done to evaluate the toxicity of these agents and the efficacy of topical treatment with calcium ...
Gunatilake K - - 1989
Deaths as a result of organophosphate poisoning are usually detected by analysis of body fluids and tissues for the presence of the toxic agent. These procedures present particular difficulties when performed on remains in an advanced stage of decomposition. Malathion poisoning was suspected in a case in which the remains ...
Varughese A - - 1989
Overdose with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is still a relatively underreported phenomenon. We report here a case of an unintentional overdose of enalapril (100 mg) together with other medications. The patient experienced no adverse consequences. Pharmacokinetic evaluation revealed a t 1/2 for enalaprilat (prodrug) of seven hours and for enalapril ...
Hoffman R S - - 1989
Methemoglobinemia following fire exposure is largely unrecognized. Fire related morbidity and mortality are customarily attributed to thermal injury, associated trauma, and carbon monoxide poisoning. More recently, cyanide poisoning has been described from the inhalation of hydrogen cyanide liberated from of burning plastics (1). Symptoms of tissue hypoxia and cyanosis resulting ...
Spiller H A - - 1989
Terfenadine is a newly marketed non-sedating antihistamine. It binds strongly with peripheral H-1 receptors and only weakly with muscarinic, alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors. There is limited information about ingestion by children 1-5 years old and no reports in the literature of accidental ingestion. We performed a 1-year retrospective study at ...
Crowe M T - - 1989
The records of all deaths due to poisoning investigated by the Leeds University Department of Forensic Medicine, over an eleven-year period between 1977 and 1987, were studied. There were 422 cases consisting of 208 males and 214 females. Two of these cases were homicidal in nature (both were unconnected cases ...
Swaddiwudhipong W - - 1989
A study was conducted to determine the current situation of chemical foodborne outbreaks in Thailand for the period 1981-1987. Seventy-three outbreaks of chemical poisoning involving 1236 persons of whom 54 died were reported. Twenty outbreaks affecting 722 cases were caused by insecticide poisoning and methomyl was the most commonly recognized ...
Paholpak S - - 1989
A 51-year-old manic woman who developed acute severe lithium intoxication with neurotoxicity and nephrotoxicity during rapid abatement of manic episode was reported. The underlying causes of the serious toxicity were reviewed. Awareness and early detection of the toxic symptoms are emphasized in order to avoid permanent toxic sequelae. It is ...
He F - - 1989
This article reviews 573 cases of acute pyrethroid poisoning reported in the Chinese medical literatures during 1983-1988. There were 325 cases of acute deltamethrin poisoning (occupational 158, accidental 167), 196 patients of acute fenvalerate poisoning (occupational 63, accidental 133, including 2 cases of ingestive fenvalerate-organophosphate mixture poisoning), 45 cases of ...
Samie M R - - 1989
Cyproheptadine is an antihistamine with antiserotoninergic and anticholinergic properties. It is a relatively safe drug with many varied indications for usage, which rarely produces serious adverse neurologic sequelae. Reports of involuntary movement disorder secondary to cyproheptadine are rare. We present the case of a 17-year-old overdose victim which may be ...
Reed S M - - 1989
Two patients who developed choreoathetosis in the course of lithium treatment are described, and other cases of choreoathetosis in lithium-treated patients are reviewed. Choreoathetosis is suggested to be a sign of lithium toxicity, almost always accompanied by other signs of neurotoxicity, such as delirium and cerebellar dysfunction. Of the reported ...
Inoue N - - 1988
Since the end of the nineteenth century, numerous cases of triorthocresyl phosphate (TOCP) poisoning due to accidental contamination of drink, food or drugs have been reported. Following the ingestion of preparations contaminated by TOCP, gastrointestinal symptoms may occur and after an interval of ten to twenty days, a well-known delayed ...
Goldenberg A M - - 1988
Quinine sulfate is a commonly prescribed remedy for idiopathic nocturnal leg cramps and is now available "over the counter." A 24-year-old man ingested 8 g (a commonly dispensed quantity) of quinine sulfate in a suicide attempt. Despite hemoperfusion begun 10 h after ingestion, the patient died. This report reviews the ...
Paul R I - - 1988
Carbon monoxide poisoning is a common occurrence, especially during cold months. It can be overlooked, because its history and symptoms are often vague. We report a case of two children with carbon monoxide poisoning who typify the need for obtaining a careful history. A review of the literature, including clinical ...
Boelaert J R - - 1988
We report 3 patients on maintenance hemodialysis who developed a fulminant, disseminated and fatal form of mucormycosis. The diagnosis was made by microscopy and culture in 1 case, yielding Rhizopus rhizopodiformis, and by post-mortem microscopy in the two other cases. These patients were receiving desferrioxamine (DFO) for aluminum overload and ...
Rioux J P - - 1988
The incidence of reported cases of toxicity resulting from methylene chloride exposure has increased within the last decade. A vast majority of these reports involve acute episodes, and the prevalence of domestic poisoning is relatively high. Diverse pathologic sequelae attributed to methylene chloride or its metabolites have been reported, although ...
Smith R A - - 1988
Several instances of what turned out to be pesticide and herbicide poisonings were investigated by us in 1987. They did not all occur in Alberta; some were referred. In addition, this laboratory did not investigate all pesticide incidents referred to Alberta Agriculture, as another laboratory is normally involved when pesticides ...
Sunderman F W - - 1988
The historical items pertaining to mercury are outlined, and its toxicity and former medicinal uses are discussed. The diversity of the toxic effects by the different forms of mercury as well as the routes of administration are illustrated in three case reports. The importance of diaphoresis in the treatment of ...
Ferrando R L - - 1988
This is the first reported case of transvestism in a heterosexual male that occurred only after ingestion of the contents of six to eight Vicks inhalers. The patient's gender cross-dressing was associated with sexual excitement and masturbatory behavior. This case is consistent with other cases of gender cross-dressing and sexual ...
Nowers M - - 1988
Trends in the reported rates of suicide by self-poisoning in the elderly from 1974 to 1984 are presented. When all drugs were considered together there was evidence of a slow but progressive decline in age specific rates of suicide in both sexes over the period studied. When individual drugs were ...
Mathis R D - - 1988
A case of acetaminophen poisoning following the ingestion of 26 g of acetaminophen by incremental dosing over a 25-h period is reported. At presentation, seven h after the last ingestion, the patient experienced hematemesis, the acetaminophen level was 150 micrograms/mL, and the SGOT was normal. The patient recovered uneventfully following ...
Smith J G - - 1988
All reported cases of paraquat poisoning by absorption through the skin are briefly reviewed. It is concluded that, while paraquat cannot be absorbed significantly through intact human skin, damage to the skin, either by paraquat itself or by other means, will permit greater systemic absorption and possibly poisoning. The lowest ...
Accardo P - - 1988
Six cases of inner city black children with both infantile autism and lead poisoning are reviewed. In three cases, developmental deviance seems to have been present before the possible impact of lead toxicity. In two cases the lead poisoning may have contributed to the onset or acceleration of developmental symptomatology. ...
Spoerke D G - - 1988
Various Thermopsis species are found in the foothills and plains of the Rocky Mountains. There are no reported cases of human ingestion to Thermopsis reported in the literature. We report 5 cases of ingestion of seeds or flowers where the primary symptoms were nausea, vomiting and headache of several hours ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >