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Ming L - - 1995
A five-year-old girl developed an acute encephalopathy after eating a piece of moldy sugarcane. Delayed symptomatic dystonia was the main effect; cranial CT scans revealed bilateral lenticular lucencies. This case is typical of moldy sugarcane poisoning cases previously reported only in China. 3-Nitropropionic acid produced by Arthrinium sp is the ...
Lin T J - - 1995
In order to define characteristics that would help differentiate a centipede bite from a viper bite, we designed a prospective study using the data collection system of a Poison Control Center. The clinical goal is to rapidly distinguish envenomations for which antitoxin may be indicated (viper) from those for which ...
Melandri R - - 1995
We report a patient who intentionally ingested a large amount of delayed release fenfluramine and was successfully treated with whole bowel irrigation. To our knowledge this is the first case of this kind to be reported in the literature. This therapeutic method, commonly used for acute poisonings with enteric coated ...
Dasani B M - - 1994
Lead poisoning associated with gunshot is not unknown but, unless suspected, can be easily missed. We describe a patient with lead intoxication following a gunshot injury, who presented with abdominal colic, anorexia, and weight loss as initial manifestations. He had extremely high blood lead levels and the onset of lead ...
But P P - - 1994
Six cases of herbal poisoning involving six patients in Hong Kong, Taipei and Kuala Lumpur are reported. The sources of poisoning were identified as adulterants (Podophyllum emodi) or erroneous substitutes (Datura metel). In cases of suspected herbal poisoning, it is recommended that the prescriptions, herbal residues and herb samples should ...
Lucas G N - - 1994
This is a prospective hospital based study of 526 cases of kerosene oil poisoning seen during a 10 year period. There were 5 cases of deliberate self poisoning and 1 case of attempted homicide. 520 cases were accidental. Pneumonitis occurred in 299 children of whom 253 had vomited after kerosene ...
Fischer T F - - 1994
A case of lindane toxicity in a 24-year-old woman who used lindane shampoo for treatment of an alleged case of lice infestation is described. The patient experienced uncontrolled motor activity that began approximately 2 hours after treatment and resolved approximately 48 hours later. A review of the literature revealed that ...
Sheerin N S - - 1994
We report the case of an Asian woman who was exposed to toxic levels of lead, arsenic and mercury through the use of Indian ethnic remedies, and who suffered symptomatic lead poisoning. We know of no other case of exposure to such a combination of heavy metals from this source. ...
Chan T Y - - 1994
To study the pattern of acute poisoning in the New Territories East of Hong Kong, 291 adult cases admitted to the Prince of Wales Hospital in 1989 were reviewed. The female-to-male ratio was 2.3 to 1 and the majority of patients (83%) were below the age of 40. The main ...
Johansen M - - 1994
Chronic inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes following prolonged exposure to high doses of toxic hexavalent chromium is well known in the occupational medical literature. Perforation of the nasal septum is a cardinal clinical feature. Late development of cancer in the respiratory system is established. A recently diagnosed case ...
Gayer P T - - 1994
Efforts to link the observed signs in a canine poisoning event with 1 or more possible permanent wave solution chemicals ingested are described. A scenario is presented describing the mechanisms by which the most likely of those compounds, ammonium thioglycolate and sodium or potassium bromate, could have acted to cause ...
Jaraczewska W - - 1994
The pattern of poisonings in Poland is presented on the basis of data for 1988-1991 from the regional toxicology centres. Suicidal attempts constituted the most numerous group of poisonings; in recent years, there has been a downward trend to below 50% of all poisoning cases. Drugs, especially sleep-inducing and psychotropic ...
Philip A T - - 1994
In summary, we review the recent and not so recent but lesser known information on lead poisoning. We review the incidence of lead poisoning and find that no one is really safe from its effects. We have also examined the many and varied sources of lead poisoning, and critically review ...
Browning R G - - 1994
The glycol ethers constitute a family of organic solvents commonly found in industrial and household products. Because of their widespread availability and potential for serious toxicity, physicians should be aware of the clinical toxicology of these compounds. Until recently, knowledge of the toxic effects of glycol ethers has been derived ...
Olson K R - - 1994
A retrospective review of cases consulted by the San Francisco Bay Area Regional Poison Control Center during a 2-year period was performed to determine the causes and consequences of seizures associated with poisoning and drug intoxication. Of 233 charts coded as involving seizures, 191 occurred in humans and were available ...
Poskitt L B - - 1994
The case of a 53-year-old man who developed chloracne, palmoplantar keratoderma and scleroderma after many years of exposure to a variety of chloracnegens is reported. Chloracne is a rare but important acneiform eruption associated with exposure to halogenated aromatic compounds used primarily in agriculture. However, to our knowledge, the association ...
Carella G - - 1994
A case is reported of chronic persistent hepatitis in a 46-year-old woman poisoned with diphenyl, an aromatic hydrocarbon contained in the paper used to pack citrus fruit, with which this woman was in contact for 25 years. The etiology of the disease is discussed, along with its probable link to ...
Hansen D G - - 1994
Two patients with dapsone intoxication, an adult and a 16-month-old child, are reported. Both developed symptomatic methemoglobin concentrations, of 35% and 37%, respectively, and improved with intravenous methylene blue. Methemoglobin levels subsequently rose in both cases to 25% at 24 and 37 hours, respectively. The recurrence of elevated methemoglobin levels ...
Cina S J - - 1994
Hydrogen peroxide is a readily available clear, odorless liquid that is commonly used as an irrigant for superficial wounds. It is not widely thought of as a poison; however, it may rarely be the cause of accidental death. A case of fatal oxygen embolism in a child after ingestion of ...
Pande T K - - 1994
The use of turpentine oil for suicidal and homicidal purposes has become quite infrequent with the increased availability of pesticides and toxic substances. Available literature exhibits few case reports of turpentine poisoning. Such a case is reported here which presented as status epilepticus, unresponsive to the usual line of treatment. ...
Tabandeh H - - 1994
Thallium intoxication is characterized by the development of painful peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, mental disorders, and in severe cases, respiratory failure and death. Toxic optic neuropathy is also a feature. Ophthalmologic features of thallium poisoning include optic neuropathy, blepharoptosis, lens opacities, and ophthalmoplegia. A 44-year-old man with criminal sublethal thallium poisoning ...
Koyama K - - 1994
We report a case of a 59-y-old woman who ingested a herbicide containing glufosinate. Though suffering from severe toxicity of this herbicide, she did not develop convulsions, which experimentally occurs in rats treated with glufosinate. The mechanisms of convulsions are not clear. Several clinical findings in poisoning by this herbicide ...
Franco G - - 1994
This report describes a case of lead poisoning occurring in an electrician as the result of an unusual personal habit, namely, the chewing of lead-containing coatings of electric wires. A coating chewing test showed that a few minutes after beginning chewing, saliva lead concentration increased from 10 micrograms/l to several ...
Jacobs M R - - 1994
A 23-month-old boy became confused and was unable to walk thirty minutes after ingesting less than 10 mL of T36-C7, a commercial product containing 100% melaleuca oil. The child was referred to a nearby hospital. His condition improved and he was asymptomatic within 5 hours of ingestion. He was discharged ...
Hornfeldt C S - - 1994
Confusion between acetone fingernail polish removers and artificial fingernail products containing acetonitrile and N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine has resulted in pediatric morbidity and mortality. In the present case, a 20-month-old boy drank less than one ounce of Remove Artificial Nail Remover containing 100% nitroethane. In the emergency department he displayed cyanosis and 39% ...
Reid F M - - 1994
We report a case of intramuscular injection of detomidine and butorphanol in a 36 year-old-man who recovered without sequelae. Detomidine is an alpha 2 adrenergic agonist, similar to clonidine. Detomidine (Domosedan) and butorphanol (Stadol) are commonly used as preanesthetics and to produce chemical restraint, sedation and analgesia in animals, especially ...
Schulze-Rosario C - - 1994
Monitoring data on field-worker exposure studies show that prolonged or continued use of monocrotophos in plant protection may lead to significant dermal exposure with an impact on cholinesterase activity. Although oral uptake (suicide) is more hazardous than dermal exposure (spray work), both exposure routes may be potentially fatal. On the ...
Garnier R - - 1994
Zolpidem is a new short acting hypnotic agent, first launched in France in 1988. Three hundred forty-four cases of intentional acute overdoses are reviewed retrospectively. Patients were predominantly female (70%) in their third or fourth decade. Ingested doses of zolpidem ranged between 10 and 1400 mg (one pack or less ...
Pérez-Moreno J - - 1994
Mushroom poisonings caused by amatoxins are mostly lethal. Information about mycetisms caused by white species of Amanita is scarce. The present paper describes a case of mushroom poisoning caused by A. virosa. A prolongated latency period (6-10 hours), followed by cholera-like, improvement and visceral complication phases confirmed the amatoxin poisoning. ...
Abell T L - - 1994
A case of intercerebral hematoma due to warfarin-induced coagulopathy is presented. The 39-year-old woman had spread a warfarin-type rat poison around her house weekly using her bare hands, with no washing post application. Percutaneous absorption of warfarin causing coagulopathy, reported three times in the past, is a significant risk if ...
Perrone J - - 1994
Guanabenz (Wytensin Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA) is a centrally acting alpha 2 adrenergic agonist. Guanabenz shares structural and pharmacologic properties with the more commonly known sympatholytic agent clonidine. Little is known about guanabenz in overdose. Eleven cases of guanabenz poisoning have been reported in the literature and to the manufacturer ...
Kelafant G A - - 1993
A recent case of chronic arsenic intoxication due to prolonged accidental ingestion of a commercially available crabgrass killer illustrates one of the more common etiologies of present day arsenic poisoning. A review of 20 years of arsenic poisoning at the University of Kentucky (21 cases) revealed no cases attributable to ...
Chan T Y - - 1993
Dettol is involved in 10% of self-poisoning-related hospital admissions in Hong Kong. Although serious poisonings and even deaths after ingesting this common household disinfectant have been reported, the frequency with which these complications may occur is not known. In a retrospective study of 67 cases of Dettol poisoning, we found ...
Uehara S - - 1993
We studied the ability of 2-PAM to reactivate cholinesterase (ChE) inhibited by organophosphorus compounds (OPs) and aging. We estimated the reactivation rate with 2-PAM following inhibition of ChE by fenitrothion, methylparathion or ethylparathion using erythrocytes of rat and rabbit and rat brain. The period of time during which inhibited ChE ...
McDiarmid M A - - 1993
Transport of hazards from the workplace to the home by workers is a previously recognized but poorly addressed public health problem. Particularly disturbing are the childhood intoxications which may result from such paraoccupational exposure. Work clothes and shoes appear to be a common vehicle for hazard transport in recently reported ...
Cabo Valle M - - 1993
Our results were obtained from the emergency service at Elche General Hospital, which covers an adult population of 275,076 inhabitants. We studied intoxicated patients aged 15 years and above, during 1988. Our aim was to investigate the etiological and epidemiological circumstances of intoxications. We obtained a prevalence of voluntary cases ...
Barbato M P - - 1993
Poisoning from the accidental ingestion of mushrooms is an uncommon cause of morbidity within Australia and unlike many other countries no deaths have yet been recorded. This review seeks to draw attention to the various syndromes associated with mushroom poisoning and their management, thereby helping to keep our good record ...
Mitchell G - - 1993
The art of general practice is to identify important causes of common, often undifferentiated symptoms. This article presents two cases of clinical digoxin toxicity in the presence of normal or low serum digoxin levels. Standard teaching says that symptoms are related directly to toxic serum levels, but this appears to ...
Clem J R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET)-induced cardiovascular toxicity in an adult and reviews other cases that have been reported in the published literature. Human and animal data available on DEET pharmacokinetics are reviewed and factors that predispose an individual to DEET toxicity are identified. DATA SOURCES: Case report ...
Nhachi C F - - 1993
1. A retrospective study, 1980 to 1989 inclusive, of hospital admission cases due to insect and scorpion stings or bites was carried out in the six main central hospitals of Zimbabwe's four main cities. 2. A total of 92 cases were recorded and analysed. This constituted 1.5% of all hospital ...
Rao K N - - 1993
Accidental or intentional chloroform poisoning is rare, but a few such cases have been reported in literature. We report here a successful management of acute chloroform toxicity in a 33-year-old white female who attempted suicide by injecting one half milliliter of chloroform, followed by drinking half a cup the next ...
Myrenfors P G - - 1993
Moclobemide is a recently introduced short-acting, selective and reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor, type A, with few and mild side-effects at therapeutic doses. Fifteen reported cases of moclobemide overdose were studied in detail and are presented here. While pure mechanism overdosage seems benign, a combination with tricyclic antidepressants may result in ...
Steentoft A - - 1993
Benzodiazepines have been regarded as relatively safe drugs but since triazolam was introduced into Denmark in 1978, six fatal cases of poisoning by triazolam alone or in combination with ethanol, have occurred in East Denmark. In one case where no ethanol was detected, a blood triazolam concentration of 0.11 mg/l ...
Van Vyve T T Département des Soins Intensifs, Cliniques Universitaires St-Luc, Bruxelles, - - 1993
We report two cases of severe acetaminophen poisoning with favorable outcome after delayed medical treatment with N-acetylcysteine, despite severe hepatic disturbances. We briefly review the most commonly accepted prognostic criteria and the role of liver transplantation.
King W D - - 1992
The increase in the use of selective beta 2 agonists as first-choice agents in the therapy of asthma has resulted in a concomitant increase in overdoses and other therapeutic misadventures. This case describes a 22-month-old child who ingested a large overdose of albuterol, resulting in an acute syndrome consisting of ...
Van Ingen G - - 1992
The toxicity of yew (Taxus) has been known since antiquity. However, in the past 31 years, to our knowledge only six cases of Taxus poisoning have been reported in the literature. In the present paper we add five cases. From a forensic point of view, intoxication with Taxus has three ...
Abernethy M K - - 1992
Nutmeg is a common household spice sometimes abused for its hallucinogenic properties. This abuse is well reported in the medical literature over the last century. Ingestion of less than one tablespoon can produce symptoms similar to those of an anticholinergic toxic episode. Common presenting complaints are hallucinations, palpitations, and feelings ...
Cheng C T - - 1992
In October 1988, a series of food poisoning cases occurred in the State of Perak in Malaysia. Most of the victims were children. Ultimately 13 children between the ages of 2.5 and 11 years died. Epidemiological investigations showed that the probable source of the poison was Loh See Fun, a ...
Shear W A - - 1992
Connecticut Medical Insurance Company (CMIC) cases related to obstetrical care and the newborn represent the single most costly exposure to the Company. CMIC undertook the review of its perinatal cases, open and closed, to identify common elements that increased the liability exposure of individual physicians as well as the overall ...
Henry J A - - 1992
The risk of adverse reactions to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), more commonly known as "ecstasy", is now widely known in both the USA and UK, but the patterns of illness remain varied. We report our experience during 1990 and 1991. There has been a recent increase in cases of severe toxicity following ...
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