Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 792
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Shalat S L - - 1996
Arsenic has been recognized as a human toxicant for over 2000 years. More recently it has been readily accepted as a human carcinogen. Animal research has demonstrated arsenic's ability to have profound detrimental effects on the developing embryo in avian and mammalian species. This article comprehensively reviews the human and ...
Rothbaum B O - - 1996
The efficacy of virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy was examined for the fear of flying. Virtual reality exposure involved six sessions of graded exposure to flying in a virtual airplane. The specific contribution of anxiety management techniques (AMT) and the VR exposure was examined in a single case design. The ...
Hollinger M A - - 1996
Silver is generally considered to present a relatively low toxic threat to humans because unintentional exposure to large doses of the noble metal is quite rare. However, as the intentional utilization of silver in pharmaceutical preparations and devices increases, subtle toxic effects of silver may be predictable and expected. The ...
Mascalchi M - - 1996
Extensive bilateral cerebellar white matter signal change, with sparing of the overlying cortex, consistent with demyelination was seen in a 12-year-old boy who had suffered carbon monoxide poisoning 6 years previously. His youth at the time of exposure and the long delay between exposure and examination might account for this ...
Anderson I B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Pennyroyal is a widely available herb that has long been used as an abortifacient despite its potentially lethal hepatotoxic effects. However, quantitative data for pennyroyal constituents and their metabolites in humans have not been previously reported. OBJECTIVES: To quantify pennyroyal metabolites in human overdose, to correlate these findings with ...
Akisü M - - 1996
Thinner which contains aromatic hydrocarbons such as xylene, toluene and N-hexane is widely used in industrial plants manufacturing dyes, plastic, varnishes and glues. Chronic intoxication due to abuse of solvents, including thinner, by workers who inhale the solvent vapor is frequently encountered. Acute intoxication with ingestion of excessive amounts is ...
- - 1996
On January 9, 1996, CDC was notified about carbon monoxide (CO)-related morbidity and mortality associated with the blizzard in the northeastern United States. Most of these poisonings occurred among children and elderly persons and resulted from exposures in idling automobiles with exhaust pipes blocked by snow. This report summarizes three ...
Fineschi V - - 1996
The first observation of lethal recreational use of MDMA (ecstasy) and MDEA in Italy is reported, together with extensive toxicological and histopathological documentation. Findings such as disseminated intravascular coagulation, rarely reported before, are colocated in the framework of the toxic syndrome for a better definition of criteria for forensic diagnosis.
Tenenbein M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To review the benefits of deferoxamine for the treatment of iron poisoning. METHODS: Both the basic science and clinical literature on deferoxamine were reviewed by comprehensive computer literature search. This was supplemented by references identified from bibliographies of pertinent articles and books. RESULTS: The basic science literature supports deferoxamine ...
Garnier R - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Incorrect operations by customers are not uncommon in coin-operated dry cleaning establishments; dry cleaning machines may also be poorly maintained. This may result in retention of large amounts of the cleaning solvent in dry cleaned items. CASE REPORT: A 2-year-old boy was found dead in his bed, with a ...
Chyka P A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To review the therapeutic benefits of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for the management of hydrocarbon pneumonitis. METHODS: A search of the medical literature was conducted through Medline and the bibliographies of relevant articles and a search of patient databases maintained by the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization and the American Association ...
Lee D C - - 1996
We present a case of lithium poisoning in a 15-month-old child. Delayed elevation of the plasma lithium concentration at 13 hours after admission to a hospital was noted. This appeared to be factitiously related to the collection of samples in a speckled green top tube which contains lithium heparin as ...
Aks S E - - 1995
Lindane toxicity has been reported to occur mostly by way of dermal exposure. Cases of ingestion in which blood levels have been determined are rare. We present three such cases, along with a comparison of cases in the literature with respect to blood level half-lives and correlation with signs of ...
Wyatt J P - - 1995
Phosgene is a highly toxic gas to which some workers may be occupationally exposed. This case report demonstrates the possibility of refrigeration workers suffering phosgene poisoning after heating certain chlorinated fluorocarbons ('freons'). The need to suspect phosgene exposure and observe such patients is emphasized, especially in view of the delay ...
Young D B - - 1995
The proper investigation of deaths due to poisoning and the determination of the manner of death often depend upon knowledge and investigative skills that may have been allowed to deteriorate with lack of use. These case reports illustrate a wide variety of substances that people can ingest. This collection of ...
Hoffman R S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: In the assessment and management of the potentially poisoned patient with altered consciousness, the most consequential and controversial interventions occur during the first 5 minutes of care. In this review article, the risks and benefits of standard diagnostic and therapeutic interventions are presented to guide clinicians through this critical ...
Barton E D - - 1995
Ciguatera fish poisoning results from the bioconcentration of a variety of toxins produced by marine dinoflagellates. Signs and symptoms vary widely, but it usually presents as gastrointestinal and neurologic complaints beginning shortly after the ingestion of fish containing the toxins. Symptoms may persist for months and sometimes even years. Although ...
Cook M - - 1995
Unintentional carbon monoxide poisonings were identified through death certificates, by hyperbaric chambers, and by laboratories required to report carboxyhemoglobin levels greater than 12%. From 1986 to 1991, 981 cases were reported, including 174 deaths. Deaths most often resulted from fire-related carbon monoxide intoxication (36.2%), followed by motor vehicle exhaust (34.5%), ...
Tracqui A - - 1995
A case of nonfatal, acute poisoning following the ingestion of an undetermined amount of dapsone (DDS) in a 49-year-old woman is presented. The clinical features were dyspnea and deep cyanosis. Methemoglobinemia was 39.0% on admission. DDS was identified and quantitated in blood samples taken on the third day (sample A) ...
Steele M T - - 1995
Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is an illicitly marketed substance promoted by body builders as a growth hormone releaser. Poisoning can produce seizures and coma. Acute poisonings from GHB have primarily been reported on the West coast and the Southeast. We report two cases from Kansas City where the patients presented in, ...
Rogers D R - - 1995
A case of accidental lethal monochloroacetic acid poisoning is presented, along with a brief review of the mechanisms of intoxication. Although lethal skin exposures have been previously reported, this case appears to be the first instance of oral-route poisoning to be documented.
Shem R J - - 1995
A review of several criminal cases where individuals were injured or killed by small-arms fire was conducted to ascertain the source of lead particulates discovered on the clothing of the shooting victims. In each of the reviewed cases, the garments were found to be free of gunpower particles. Additionally, the ...
Osimitz T G - - 1995
Deet is considered to be the best "all around" insect repellent ever developed and is the most widely used insect repellent in the world. Since its first use in a consumer product in 1956, billions of applications have been made to human skin. Information about the safety of deet comes ...
Blanc P D - - 1995
We assessed fatal drug overdose and poisoning case surveillance by a regional poison control center, comparing it with medical examiner determinations of death by poisoning over the same 2-year period and from the same catchment area. We studied 358 fatal cases of poisoning or drug overdose reported by a medical ...
Pérez-Moreno J - - 1995
A review of mycetisms reported in Mexico and a description of two interesting cases are given. Worldwide mycetisms are rarely studied. To identify the causal agents, clinical notes were analysed and field research with some of the persons involved in the poisonings were carried out. Symptoms and field data confirm ...
Hungerford L L - - 1995
The database of the National Animal Poison Control Center (NAPCC) was evaluated as a source for animal poison data indicating human health hazards in indoor and outdoor environments. From 14,150 calls in the 1985 database, 259 cases were identified with histories suggesting human exposure. A subgroup of 25 cases with ...
Nichols M H - - 1995
We present a case of a six-week-old infant who developed life-threatening complications after unintentional sodium bicarbonate intoxication. Baking soda was being used by the mother as a home remedy to "help the baby burp." A review of the literature regarding the use (or misuse) of baking soda follows. Our patient, ...
Lip G Y - - 1995
The effects of poisoning with beta-blockers may be serious, but are usually self-limiting provided adequate support is given. If there is no evidence of toxicity and the degree of overdose is small, clinical observation may be all that is required. This review examines the cases of overdosage with beta-blockers reported ...
- - 1995
Inadvertent anticholinergic poisoning can result from consumption of foods contaminated with plants that contain belladonna alkaloids. During March 1994, the New York City Department of Health (NYCDOH) investigated seven cases of anticholinergic poisoning in members of three families; three of the seven ill persons required emergency treatment for characteristic manifestations. ...
Wolfe T R - - 1995
The case of a 23-year-old man who was acutely intoxicated on dextromethorphan and who was chronically addicted to the drug is described. He consumed the highest daily dose for the longest duration yet reported in the world's English-language medical literature. Toxicity, abuse potential, and therapy of dextromethorphan intoxication are discussed.
Ming L - - 1995
A five-year-old girl developed an acute encephalopathy after eating a piece of moldy sugarcane. Delayed symptomatic dystonia was the main effect; cranial CT scans revealed bilateral lenticular lucencies. This case is typical of moldy sugarcane poisoning cases previously reported only in China. 3-Nitropropionic acid produced by Arthrinium sp is the ...
Lin T J - - 1995
In order to define characteristics that would help differentiate a centipede bite from a viper bite, we designed a prospective study using the data collection system of a Poison Control Center. The clinical goal is to rapidly distinguish envenomations for which antitoxin may be indicated (viper) from those for which ...
Melandri R - - 1995
We report a patient who intentionally ingested a large amount of delayed release fenfluramine and was successfully treated with whole bowel irrigation. To our knowledge this is the first case of this kind to be reported in the literature. This therapeutic method, commonly used for acute poisonings with enteric coated ...
Dasani B M - - 1994
Lead poisoning associated with gunshot is not unknown but, unless suspected, can be easily missed. We describe a patient with lead intoxication following a gunshot injury, who presented with abdominal colic, anorexia, and weight loss as initial manifestations. He had extremely high blood lead levels and the onset of lead ...
But P P - - 1994
Six cases of herbal poisoning involving six patients in Hong Kong, Taipei and Kuala Lumpur are reported. The sources of poisoning were identified as adulterants (Podophyllum emodi) or erroneous substitutes (Datura metel). In cases of suspected herbal poisoning, it is recommended that the prescriptions, herbal residues and herb samples should ...
Lucas G N - - 1994
This is a prospective hospital based study of 526 cases of kerosene oil poisoning seen during a 10 year period. There were 5 cases of deliberate self poisoning and 1 case of attempted homicide. 520 cases were accidental. Pneumonitis occurred in 299 children of whom 253 had vomited after kerosene ...
Fischer T F - - 1994
A case of lindane toxicity in a 24-year-old woman who used lindane shampoo for treatment of an alleged case of lice infestation is described. The patient experienced uncontrolled motor activity that began approximately 2 hours after treatment and resolved approximately 48 hours later. A review of the literature revealed that ...
Sheerin N S - - 1994
We report the case of an Asian woman who was exposed to toxic levels of lead, arsenic and mercury through the use of Indian ethnic remedies, and who suffered symptomatic lead poisoning. We know of no other case of exposure to such a combination of heavy metals from this source. ...
Chan T Y - - 1994
To study the pattern of acute poisoning in the New Territories East of Hong Kong, 291 adult cases admitted to the Prince of Wales Hospital in 1989 were reviewed. The female-to-male ratio was 2.3 to 1 and the majority of patients (83%) were below the age of 40. The main ...
Johansen M - - 1994
Chronic inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes following prolonged exposure to high doses of toxic hexavalent chromium is well known in the occupational medical literature. Perforation of the nasal septum is a cardinal clinical feature. Late development of cancer in the respiratory system is established. A recently diagnosed case ...
Gayer P T - - 1994
Efforts to link the observed signs in a canine poisoning event with 1 or more possible permanent wave solution chemicals ingested are described. A scenario is presented describing the mechanisms by which the most likely of those compounds, ammonium thioglycolate and sodium or potassium bromate, could have acted to cause ...
Jaraczewska W - - 1994
The pattern of poisonings in Poland is presented on the basis of data for 1988-1991 from the regional toxicology centres. Suicidal attempts constituted the most numerous group of poisonings; in recent years, there has been a downward trend to below 50% of all poisoning cases. Drugs, especially sleep-inducing and psychotropic ...
Philip A T - - 1994
In summary, we review the recent and not so recent but lesser known information on lead poisoning. We review the incidence of lead poisoning and find that no one is really safe from its effects. We have also examined the many and varied sources of lead poisoning, and critically review ...
Browning R G - - 1994
The glycol ethers constitute a family of organic solvents commonly found in industrial and household products. Because of their widespread availability and potential for serious toxicity, physicians should be aware of the clinical toxicology of these compounds. Until recently, knowledge of the toxic effects of glycol ethers has been derived ...
Olson K R - - 1994
A retrospective review of cases consulted by the San Francisco Bay Area Regional Poison Control Center during a 2-year period was performed to determine the causes and consequences of seizures associated with poisoning and drug intoxication. Of 233 charts coded as involving seizures, 191 occurred in humans and were available ...
Poskitt L B - - 1994
The case of a 53-year-old man who developed chloracne, palmoplantar keratoderma and scleroderma after many years of exposure to a variety of chloracnegens is reported. Chloracne is a rare but important acneiform eruption associated with exposure to halogenated aromatic compounds used primarily in agriculture. However, to our knowledge, the association ...
Carella G - - 1994
A case is reported of chronic persistent hepatitis in a 46-year-old woman poisoned with diphenyl, an aromatic hydrocarbon contained in the paper used to pack citrus fruit, with which this woman was in contact for 25 years. The etiology of the disease is discussed, along with its probable link to ...
Hansen D G - - 1994
Two patients with dapsone intoxication, an adult and a 16-month-old child, are reported. Both developed symptomatic methemoglobin concentrations, of 35% and 37%, respectively, and improved with intravenous methylene blue. Methemoglobin levels subsequently rose in both cases to 25% at 24 and 37 hours, respectively. The recurrence of elevated methemoglobin levels ...
Cina S J - - 1994
Hydrogen peroxide is a readily available clear, odorless liquid that is commonly used as an irrigant for superficial wounds. It is not widely thought of as a poison; however, it may rarely be the cause of accidental death. A case of fatal oxygen embolism in a child after ingestion of ...
Pande T K - - 1994
The use of turpentine oil for suicidal and homicidal purposes has become quite infrequent with the increased availability of pesticides and toxic substances. Available literature exhibits few case reports of turpentine poisoning. Such a case is reported here which presented as status epilepticus, unresponsive to the usual line of treatment. ...
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