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Ornstein D L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Successful organ donation has been reported after death from poisonings with cyanide, carbon monoxide, methanol, benzodiazepines, and tricyclic antidepressants. In this report, we describe a case of multiple organ donation from a previously healthy individual who died from poisoning with the long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide, brodifacoum. METHODS: Case report and ...
Daisley H H - - 1999
A prospective autopsy study was undertaken at General Hospital in San Fernando, Trinidad, to analyze deaths that occurred from poisoning during 1996 and 1997. During that period 105 deaths occurred from acute poisoning. The major poisons used were: paraquat (80 cases), organophosphate/carbamate insecticides (10 cases), and anti-psychotic drugs (6 cases). ...
Lee H L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Taiwan and herbicides are most frequently implicated. Imazapyr [2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2 imidazoline-2-yl)nicotinic acid] is a new herbicide, recently registered in Taiwan under the tradename "Arsenal" (Imazapyr 23.1%, Cyanamid Taiwan Corporation, Taipei). Imazapyr is also marketed as Assault, Chopper, Contain, ...
Sperhake J - - 1999
Two cases of fatal oral poisoning are presented. In the first case, a 40-year-old man died due to a lethal dose of mercury (blood concentration 113.8 microg/ml) and in the second, a 34-year-old man died of chloralhydrate overdose with a lethal blood concentration of trichloroethanol (52 microg/ml), the active metabolite ...
Clark R F - - 1999
Seafood poisoning has been recognized as a problem in both coastal and inland populations for millennia. Many types of sea creatures from shellfish to the largest fish have been implicated. Severe cases of many different types of seafood poisonings can result in fatalities. While the pathophysiology of the toxins is ...
Khurana V - - 1999
A 47-year-old man with a prior gunshot wound presented with arthritis, constipation, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Arthrocentesis did not reveal the cause of the arthritic complaints, but lead poisoning was suspected and confirmed. We present this case along with a short review of the literature pertaining to this often ...
Szekely L A - - 1999
Verapamil is a papaverine-derived calcium channel blocker widely used for the treatment of hypertension and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. It is one of the leading agents involved in pharmaceutical poisoning-related deaths among adults. We report a case of severe sustained-release verapamil poisoning associated with respiratory failure in an adult man who survived ...
White J - - 1998
Australia has a diverse and rich venomous fauna, both terrestrial and marine, including some of the most venomous species in each class. Antivenom is the principal therapy for the majority of medically significant envenomings and is currently supplied through a single source, CSL, Melbourne. Cases of envenoming reported to Australian ...
Darben T - - 1998
Eucalyptus oil is well documented as being extremely toxic if ingested. We report a case of systemic eucalyptus oil toxicity from topical application. A 6-year-old girl presented with slurred speech, ataxia and muscle weakness progressing to unconsciousness following the widespread application of a home remedy for urticaria containing eucalyptus oil. ...
Gordon R A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a 3-year-old child with an extraordinarily massive lead concentration, 26.4 micromol/L (550 microg/dL), following environmental exposure to lead paint in the home. LITERATURE REVIEW: The relevant literature concerning the treatment of lead encephalopathy was reviewed during the treatment of this child and preparation of ...
Miya T - - 1998
Irinotecan chloride (CPT-11) is a new semi-synthetic camptothecin analogue which has encouraging antitumor activity against various malignancies. The major and unique toxicity of CPT-11 is diarrhea. Cardiovascular toxicity is rare and has not been found in clinical trials performed in Japan except for a very few cases of insignificant tachycardiac ...
Babl F E - - 1998
Household bleach is a frequent nonpharmaceutical childhood ingestion in the US. It is regarded as a benign ingestion. A rare presentation is reported of poisoning by low-concentration hypochlorite household bleach in a toddler that led to severe respiratory sequelae. The literature on respiratory and nonrespiratory sequelae of liquid household bleach ...
Rush M D - - 1998
A 33-year-old white man injected approximately 4 cc of charcoal lighter fluid (99.4% naptha/0.6% inert ingredients) subcutaneously into his left antecubital fossa. The injection resulted in the toxic necrosis of his volar forearm skin extending proximally to mid-humerus and distally to the metacarpophalangeal joints of the left hand dorsally over ...
Arnold S M - - 1998
We report a case of factitious disorder by proxy (FDBP), formerly known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy, in which 2 siblings were poisoned with diphenhydramine. Although diphenhydramine is a readily available medication, no report of its use as the sole agent in an FDBP case was found in a literature ...
Teale K F - - 1998
Only two cases of deliberate self-poisoning with metformin have been described in the literature. We report the management of three cases, all of which presented with severe lactic acidosis. Two cases had a fatal outcome. The options for treatment and previous cases reported in the literature are reviewed. Recommendations for ...
Paul C N - - 1998
We have presented a case of fulminating TEN with a fatal outcome. We believe there is strong probability that the TEN was caused by a propionic acid NSAID oxaprozin. This is the first reported case of TEN related to this particular agent. Toxic epidermal necrolysis has been reported with all ...
Wallace W - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is difficult to confirm in small rural hospitals that lack easy access to a cooximeter. A small hand held device can be used to assess exhaled CO (ECO) in parts per million. This device is often used in smoking cessation clinics to confirm that a ...
Kirschbaum B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Severe hyperphosphatemia resulting from the use of laxatives and enemas with high levels of phosphate has been the subject of many case reports. These have generally focused on the hypernatremia and hypocalcemia that develop and become life-threatening. Less attention has been paid to the metabolic acidosis of phosphate intoxication. ...
Roth B A - - 1998
CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old man ingested 35 g carisoprodol. He developed agitation, tachycardia, myoclonus, and coma. The blood carisoprodol was 71 micrograms/mL; the meprobamate was 26 micrograms/mL. DISCUSSION: Carisoprodol overdose is thought to induce simple central nervous system depression. This case demonstrates a severe overdose with symptoms more consistent with ...
Guss D A - - 1998
Reported is a patient with a clinical syndrome characteristic of scombroid fish poisoning after ingesting yellowfin tuna that may have been allowed to sit at room temperature for some time before preparation. The patient was treated with an intravenous infusion of cimetidine with prompt resolution of a diffuse, well demarcated, ...
Xue D S - - 1998
The past decade experienced a stunning change in the incidence and fatality rates of pesticide poisonings in China. A study on representative case records of pesticide poisoning in a chinese province is presented here. A three-fold increase in poisoning cases due to a lack of preventive measures was reported at ...
Hoff B - - 1998
During the 5-year period from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1995, 887 diagnoses of metal toxicosis in domestic animals and wild birds were documented at the Veterinary Laboratory Services Branch of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Most of these cases involved cattle, sheep, and birds. ...
Siribaddana S H - - 1998
An accidental exposure due to reuse of containers of toluene diisocyanate to transport nontoxic substances and subsequent occupational toxic exposure caused illness among forty workers in a glove manufacturing plant. Examination and investigation of the patients and factory site inspection were carried out. Toluene diisocyanate-contaminated latex was examined by the ...
Crews W D WD Jr Division of Neuropsychology, Box 203, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 1998
Although there have been past literature reviews which have addressed the psychological adjustment, consequences, and impact/reaction to spinal cord injury, as well as reviews of depression after spinal cord injury, there appears to be an absence of reviews which have focused primarily on the relationship between spinal cord injury and ...
Wesseling C - - 1997
This study analyzes the exposure circumstances of 15 fatal occupational paraquat poisonings. To evaluate the potential danger of dermal absorption and the amount needed to produce a fatal outcome in the event of oral intake, we reviewed the medical records and autopsy protocols and interviewed relatives. Five fatalities were due ...
Aydin K - - 1997
Amitraz poisoning is a rare disorder characterised by central nervous system and respiratory depression, bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia, hyperglycemia, vomiting, convulsion and glycosuria. In this study, eight pediatric patients with amitraz poisoning were presented. This study revealed that clinical manifestations of poisoning by oral and dermal route emerged within 30-120 min ...
de Araújo M E - - 1997
The present paper reports two cases of human envenoming by colubrid snakes of Philodryas, considered as not poisonous, showing evidence of the clinical aspects and the evolution of the symptoms of envenoming. The similarity of these cases with those caused by Bothrops suggests a more careful evaluation on the victims ...
Rabl W - - 1997
The case of a 16-year-old girl who ingested 30 g of camphor dissolved with 250 ml wine to induce abortion is reported. The girl started vomiting 45 min after ingestion, which may have saved her life. Camphor is present in a number of over-the-counter medications, mainly for external application, and ...
Aplin P J - - 1997
Ingestion of seeds of the castor oil plant is rare, and may cause toxicity but rarely death. The presumed toxic component is ricin, a highly potent cellular poison. We report the case of a young adult who ingested a large number of the seeds, causing initial toxicity, but with subsequent ...
Dumavibhat B - - 1997
The epidemiology and exposing causes of snake bites were studied in 274 patients between 1 January 1982 and 30 December 1990. They comprised 142 males (51.82%) and 132 females (48.18%). Their ages ranged from 1 month to 86 years old. The age group most frequently bitten found in this study ...
Burda T - - 1997
We studied the frequency of use of flumazenil by emergency departments in our region and compared it to recommendations made by specialists in poison information at our poison control center. For a 5-mo period, we prospectively collected cases involving benzodiazepines or zolpidem. Data was documented only from calls from emergency ...
Woehlck H J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide forms via reaction of isoflurane, enflurane, and desflurane with dried CO2 absorbents. The authors hypothesize that interventions by nonphysician support personnel to decrease absorbent drying will decrease the exposure rate of patients to carbon monoxide from anesthetic breakdown. METHODS: In the control group, all anesthetizing personnel were ...
Rambourg-Schepens M O - - 1997
Clinical experience with toxicity induced by products containing gamma butyrolactone is limited. We report here 2 cases of gamma butyrolactone poisoning with a nail polish remover labelled "acetone-free". Rapid onset of coma, respiratory depression and bradycardia occurred in both patients. After supportive care, they fully recovered within a few hours.
Mucklow E S - - 1997
A prospective survey of chemistry set poisoning (CSP) was undertaken using the monthly postal enquiry report system of the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit (BPSU). Fourteen cases were reported, with one fatality and uneventful full recovery in the other 13. The packaging of the chemicals was unsatisfactory in all cases: it ...
Houck P M - - 1997
Hospital emergency departments were surveyed to estimate the number of patients treated for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning after a severe winter storm disrupted electrical service in western Washington State. At least 81 persons were treated. The two main sources of CO were charcoal briquettes (54% of cases) and gasoline-powered electrical ...
Warden C R - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: Accidental ingestions of cough and cold preparations containing dextromethorphan (DM) are common in the toddler age group and rarely have serious consequences. Even large intentional overdoses by adults seldom lead to serious morbidity. There have been no previous reports of an extrapyramidal reaction due to a DM ingestion. CASE ...
Lahoud C A - - 1997
We report a suicide attempt with the camphorated phenol preparation Campho-Phenique. The total dose ingested was 68 mg/kg of camphor and 28.9 mg/kg of phenol. The patient had grand mal seizures minutes after ingestion. Supportive medical care and intubation resulted in full recovery within 12 hours. Although Campho-Phenique has been ...
Troulakis G - - 1997
Reports of acute turpentine intoxication, particularly containing toxicological data, are poorly verified in the literature. This report regards the intentional massive ingestion of turpentine solution in an elderly woman who developed mainly central nervous system manifestations, then had an impressive and quick total recovery although the initial prognosis was very ...
Mueller M - - 1997
Acetonitrile (methyl cyanide) is a common industrial organic solvent but is a rare cause of poisoning. We report the first recorded UK case. Acetonitrile is slowly converted to cyanide, resulting in delayed toxicity. We describe a case of deliberate self-poisoning by a 39-year-old woman resulting in cyanide poisoning 11 hours ...
Neeleman J - - 1997
This study compared the number and type of substances taken in deliberate self-poisoning with fatal (n = 127) and non-fatal (n = 521) outcome. The aims were (i) to describe substances typically involved in self-poisoning in England and Wales, (ii) to examine the role of drug "cocktails' and (iii) to ...
Rao R - - 1997
We report a case series of accidental carbon monoxide poisonings caused by snow-obstructed automobile exhaust systems. Accumulation of more than 24 inches of snow contributed to the poisoning of 25 patients who were subsequently treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Two illustrative cases are presented in greater detail, illustrating a life-threatening ...
Godfrey R G - - 1997
The etiology of fibromyalgia (FM) is unknown, although there are many associations and theories attempting to explain this very common rheumatic syndrome. This case report presents four persons, all of whom developed fibromyalgia after several months of exposure to environmental contamination of their house by petroleum fumes. All had multiple ...
Kurta D L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: In 1993, the nonbenzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic zolpidem tartrate (Ambien) was approved for use in the US. Zolpidem has an imidazopyridine structure and possesses a rapid onset of action and a short half-life. The toxic threshold and profile have not been well established in the pediatric population. METHODS: All pediatric zolpidem ...
Krenzelok E P - - 1997
In preparing this Position Statement, all relevant scientific literature was identified and reviewed critically by acknowledged experts using agreed criteria. Well-conducted clinical and experimental studies were given precedence over anecdotal case reports and abstracts were not usually considered. A draft Position Statement was then produced and subjected to detailed peer ...
Louagie H K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: A case of a sudden awakening from a near coma after combined intake or gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) (125 micrograms/mL), ethanol (134 mg/dL), and cannabinoids is described. METHODS: GHB was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after acetonitrile precipitation and derivation with N-methyl-N-trimethylsilyltrifluoroacetamide, using valproic acid as the internal standard. CONCLUSION: ...
Brzeski Z - - 1997
Severe cases of poisoning with pesticides, especially suicidal ones, continue to be a diagnostic and therapeutic problem in Regional Toxicological Centre in Lublin. The present author describes the pathomechanism of poisonings with dipyridil herbicides basing on the literature on the subject. The present article presents our own observations of the ...
Malbrain M L - - 1997
We report a successfully treated case of severe thallium intoxication. In spite of very high serum thallium (5,240 micrograms/L), symptomatology was minor and recovery complete. Prussian Blue was administered, diuresis was enhanced by intravenous fluids and a prolonged hemodialysis was started early. High blood flows (300 mL/min) and intravenous potassium ...
Palatnick W W University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 1997
Strychnine competes with the inhibitory neurotransmitter glycine producing an excitatory state characterized clinically by hyperreflexia, severe muscle spasms, and convulsions. However, the kinetics after overdose have not been well described. A 34 year-old male presented to the emergency department 20 minus after ingesting half of a 250-mL container of 2% ...
Westveer A E - - 1996
We performed analyses of data on 292 homicides by poisoning in the United States. The data from the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) 1980 through 1989, involved cases of one poisoned victim and one poisoning offender. Demographic factors analyzed for each victim and offender include age, gender, race, relationship of victim ...
Soldan A W - - 1996
A report is given of the 1st confirmed outbreak of Albizia versicolor poisoning in Malawi and the 1st natural outbreak reported in sheep and goats. Approximately 800 animals are estimated to have died over a 9-year period on a government farm near Lake Malawi. Deaths occurred exclusively from August to ...
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