Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 812
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Klintschar M - - 1999
Although intoxications with colchicine, the alkaloid of Colchicum autumnale (meadow saffron), are well known, in most cases the intoxications are evoked by oral or parenteral preparations traditionally used as medication against gout. The accidental ingestion of Colchicum autumnale, on the other hand, is a rare event and has to our ...
Sorensen F W - - 1999
Two cases of rapid lethal intoxication with the herbicide glyphosate-trimesium (Touchdown) are presented. A 6-year-old boy who accidentally ingested a mouthful of glyphosate-trimesium died within minutes. The same happened to a 34-year-old woman who intentionally ingested approximately 150 ml of glyphosate-trimesium. The post-mortem examination revealed gastric content and oedema of ...
Elliott P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of clinical lead poisoning in England based on routine sources of data. METHODS: Three routine data sources were examined, over different periods according to availability of data: (a) mortality for England, 1981-96; (b) hospital episode statistics data for England, for the 3 years 1 April ...
Khan S A - - 1999
Five-hundred and ten cases of ethylene glycol (EG) exposures in animals were compiled by the ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center from July 1995 through December 1997. Case distribution was analyzed by species, sex, age, weight, seasonality, treatment intervention and final outcome. Dogs and cats were most commonly involved (98.0%). ...
Hall R C - - 1999
A thin, healthy, partial-vegetarian, white female, who was exposed to three doses of lindane (through the application of Kwell), developed a severe case of long-term lindane poisoning. Review of the literature suggests that her toxicity was so severe because of the repetitive nature of her exposure and the fact that ...
Xia Z L - - 1999
The authors carried out a descriptive analysis of acute chemical intoxication in a large petrochemical corporation with 38,000 employees, located in a suburban district of Shanghai, China, to determine the chemicals involved and the primary causes of the incidents. Between 1977 and 1997, 350 cases of acute chemical-intoxication were recorded, ...
Pedaci L - - 1999
The literature often ascribes significant morbidity to Dieffenbachia exposures. However, poison center experience suggests a discordant view from that presented in the literature. This project determined if the symptoms described in the literature were consistent with clinical practice. To profile the symptoms reported in the literature, an extensive literature search ...
Steenkamp V - - 1999
Poisoning with impila (Callilepis laureola) is a recurring phenomenon in South Africa. Cases of poisoning with other plants which contain atractyloside also occur in Europe and the Americas. Since poisoning leads to rapid death from renal and/or hepatic failure, it is suspected that many cases are undiagnosed; this is especially ...
Humphreys S D - - 1999
DBE is transported in the UK in road tankers and there is always the possibility of an accident. The consequences could be serious, since this chemical is absorbed by all routes, rapidly penetrates clothing and there is no effective antidote. Severe cases of poisoning are difficult to treat and there ...
Frazier K - - 1999
A 10-y retrospective study of aldicarb intoxication in domestic animals from 1988 to 1998 is provided from animals submitted to the University of Georgia Veterinary Diagnostic and Investigational Laboratory. Within the period examined, 162 separate cases were confirmed and 18 additional cases were suspected based on bioassay but could not ...
Daisley H - - 1999
We report on two cases of homicide by paraquat poisoning. Both cases occurred in children and the common clinical presentations were gastrointestinal ulceration and acute respiratory distress, with pneumomediastinitis. Bullous emphysema was a common autopsy finding. Physicians and pathologists should be aware of these findings, for they are almost diagnostic ...
Chi C H - - 1999
Hypotension is one of the most important predictors of mortality in sodium monofluoroacetate (SMFA) intoxication. This paper reports the hemodynamic response in one fatal and another survival case of SMFA intoxication. Despite correction of hypovolemia and with inotropic support, the patients remained in shock. Hemodynamic observations have provided evidence that ...
Keyler D E - - 1999
Copperhead envenomation cases reported in the literature frequently lack identification of the subspecies of copperhead responsible for the envenomation. Whether subspecific identity would be useful in predicting possible different toxicity profiles may have clinical relevance. We report here the clinical profiles from envenomations involving 3 different subspecies of captive adult ...
Woolf A - - 1999
Occasionally children are the victims of mass poisoning from an environmental contaminant that occurs due to an unexpected common point source of exposure. In many cases the contaminant is a widely used chemical generally considered to be safe. In the following case, members of a sports team visiting a community ...
van Weeren P R - - 1999
This article describes a case of massive mortality among horses which was probably due to intoxication by pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Heliotropium indicum. Over 4 years more than 75% of a population of about 110 horses on a farm in Costa Rica died after showing nervous neurological symptoms. Two clinical manifestations ...
Prakash M S - - 1999
Ethylene-di-bromide is a popular fumigant. Delayed long-term effects of this chemical include carcinogenicity and genotoxicity in animals. Only a few cases of acute ethylene-di-bromide toxicity have been reported and all of them have resulted in a fatal outcome. We report the first case of ethylene-di-bromide poisoning presenting with acute renal ...
Ornstein D L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Successful organ donation has been reported after death from poisonings with cyanide, carbon monoxide, methanol, benzodiazepines, and tricyclic antidepressants. In this report, we describe a case of multiple organ donation from a previously healthy individual who died from poisoning with the long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide, brodifacoum. METHODS: Case report and ...
Daisley H H - - 1999
A prospective autopsy study was undertaken at General Hospital in San Fernando, Trinidad, to analyze deaths that occurred from poisoning during 1996 and 1997. During that period 105 deaths occurred from acute poisoning. The major poisons used were: paraquat (80 cases), organophosphate/carbamate insecticides (10 cases), and anti-psychotic drugs (6 cases). ...
Lee H L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Taiwan and herbicides are most frequently implicated. Imazapyr [2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2 imidazoline-2-yl)nicotinic acid] is a new herbicide, recently registered in Taiwan under the tradename "Arsenal" (Imazapyr 23.1%, Cyanamid Taiwan Corporation, Taipei). Imazapyr is also marketed as Assault, Chopper, Contain, ...
Sperhake J - - 1999
Two cases of fatal oral poisoning are presented. In the first case, a 40-year-old man died due to a lethal dose of mercury (blood concentration 113.8 microg/ml) and in the second, a 34-year-old man died of chloralhydrate overdose with a lethal blood concentration of trichloroethanol (52 microg/ml), the active metabolite ...
Clark R F - - 1999
Seafood poisoning has been recognized as a problem in both coastal and inland populations for millennia. Many types of sea creatures from shellfish to the largest fish have been implicated. Severe cases of many different types of seafood poisonings can result in fatalities. While the pathophysiology of the toxins is ...
Khurana V - - 1999
A 47-year-old man with a prior gunshot wound presented with arthritis, constipation, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Arthrocentesis did not reveal the cause of the arthritic complaints, but lead poisoning was suspected and confirmed. We present this case along with a short review of the literature pertaining to this often ...
Szekely L A - - 1999
Verapamil is a papaverine-derived calcium channel blocker widely used for the treatment of hypertension and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. It is one of the leading agents involved in pharmaceutical poisoning-related deaths among adults. We report a case of severe sustained-release verapamil poisoning associated with respiratory failure in an adult man who survived ...
White J - - 1998
Australia has a diverse and rich venomous fauna, both terrestrial and marine, including some of the most venomous species in each class. Antivenom is the principal therapy for the majority of medically significant envenomings and is currently supplied through a single source, CSL, Melbourne. Cases of envenoming reported to Australian ...
Darben T - - 1998
Eucalyptus oil is well documented as being extremely toxic if ingested. We report a case of systemic eucalyptus oil toxicity from topical application. A 6-year-old girl presented with slurred speech, ataxia and muscle weakness progressing to unconsciousness following the widespread application of a home remedy for urticaria containing eucalyptus oil. ...
Gordon R A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a 3-year-old child with an extraordinarily massive lead concentration, 26.4 micromol/L (550 microg/dL), following environmental exposure to lead paint in the home. LITERATURE REVIEW: The relevant literature concerning the treatment of lead encephalopathy was reviewed during the treatment of this child and preparation of ...
Miya T - - 1998
Irinotecan chloride (CPT-11) is a new semi-synthetic camptothecin analogue which has encouraging antitumor activity against various malignancies. The major and unique toxicity of CPT-11 is diarrhea. Cardiovascular toxicity is rare and has not been found in clinical trials performed in Japan except for a very few cases of insignificant tachycardiac ...
Babl F E - - 1998
Household bleach is a frequent nonpharmaceutical childhood ingestion in the US. It is regarded as a benign ingestion. A rare presentation is reported of poisoning by low-concentration hypochlorite household bleach in a toddler that led to severe respiratory sequelae. The literature on respiratory and nonrespiratory sequelae of liquid household bleach ...
Rush M D - - 1998
A 33-year-old white man injected approximately 4 cc of charcoal lighter fluid (99.4% naptha/0.6% inert ingredients) subcutaneously into his left antecubital fossa. The injection resulted in the toxic necrosis of his volar forearm skin extending proximally to mid-humerus and distally to the metacarpophalangeal joints of the left hand dorsally over ...
Arnold S M - - 1998
We report a case of factitious disorder by proxy (FDBP), formerly known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy, in which 2 siblings were poisoned with diphenhydramine. Although diphenhydramine is a readily available medication, no report of its use as the sole agent in an FDBP case was found in a literature ...
Teale K F - - 1998
Only two cases of deliberate self-poisoning with metformin have been described in the literature. We report the management of three cases, all of which presented with severe lactic acidosis. Two cases had a fatal outcome. The options for treatment and previous cases reported in the literature are reviewed. Recommendations for ...
Paul C N - - 1998
We have presented a case of fulminating TEN with a fatal outcome. We believe there is strong probability that the TEN was caused by a propionic acid NSAID oxaprozin. This is the first reported case of TEN related to this particular agent. Toxic epidermal necrolysis has been reported with all ...
Wallace W - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is difficult to confirm in small rural hospitals that lack easy access to a cooximeter. A small hand held device can be used to assess exhaled CO (ECO) in parts per million. This device is often used in smoking cessation clinics to confirm that a ...
Kirschbaum B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Severe hyperphosphatemia resulting from the use of laxatives and enemas with high levels of phosphate has been the subject of many case reports. These have generally focused on the hypernatremia and hypocalcemia that develop and become life-threatening. Less attention has been paid to the metabolic acidosis of phosphate intoxication. ...
Roth B A - - 1998
CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old man ingested 35 g carisoprodol. He developed agitation, tachycardia, myoclonus, and coma. The blood carisoprodol was 71 micrograms/mL; the meprobamate was 26 micrograms/mL. DISCUSSION: Carisoprodol overdose is thought to induce simple central nervous system depression. This case demonstrates a severe overdose with symptoms more consistent with ...
Guss D A - - 1998
Reported is a patient with a clinical syndrome characteristic of scombroid fish poisoning after ingesting yellowfin tuna that may have been allowed to sit at room temperature for some time before preparation. The patient was treated with an intravenous infusion of cimetidine with prompt resolution of a diffuse, well demarcated, ...
Xue D S - - 1998
The past decade experienced a stunning change in the incidence and fatality rates of pesticide poisonings in China. A study on representative case records of pesticide poisoning in a chinese province is presented here. A three-fold increase in poisoning cases due to a lack of preventive measures was reported at ...
Hoff B - - 1998
During the 5-year period from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1995, 887 diagnoses of metal toxicosis in domestic animals and wild birds were documented at the Veterinary Laboratory Services Branch of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Most of these cases involved cattle, sheep, and birds. ...
Siribaddana S H - - 1998
An accidental exposure due to reuse of containers of toluene diisocyanate to transport nontoxic substances and subsequent occupational toxic exposure caused illness among forty workers in a glove manufacturing plant. Examination and investigation of the patients and factory site inspection were carried out. Toluene diisocyanate-contaminated latex was examined by the ...
Crews W D WD Jr Division of Neuropsychology, Box 203, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 1998
Although there have been past literature reviews which have addressed the psychological adjustment, consequences, and impact/reaction to spinal cord injury, as well as reviews of depression after spinal cord injury, there appears to be an absence of reviews which have focused primarily on the relationship between spinal cord injury and ...
Wesseling C - - 1997
This study analyzes the exposure circumstances of 15 fatal occupational paraquat poisonings. To evaluate the potential danger of dermal absorption and the amount needed to produce a fatal outcome in the event of oral intake, we reviewed the medical records and autopsy protocols and interviewed relatives. Five fatalities were due ...
Aydin K - - 1997
Amitraz poisoning is a rare disorder characterised by central nervous system and respiratory depression, bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia, hyperglycemia, vomiting, convulsion and glycosuria. In this study, eight pediatric patients with amitraz poisoning were presented. This study revealed that clinical manifestations of poisoning by oral and dermal route emerged within 30-120 min ...
de Araújo M E - - 1997
The present paper reports two cases of human envenoming by colubrid snakes of Philodryas, considered as not poisonous, showing evidence of the clinical aspects and the evolution of the symptoms of envenoming. The similarity of these cases with those caused by Bothrops suggests a more careful evaluation on the victims ...
Rabl W - - 1997
The case of a 16-year-old girl who ingested 30 g of camphor dissolved with 250 ml wine to induce abortion is reported. The girl started vomiting 45 min after ingestion, which may have saved her life. Camphor is present in a number of over-the-counter medications, mainly for external application, and ...
Aplin P J - - 1997
Ingestion of seeds of the castor oil plant is rare, and may cause toxicity but rarely death. The presumed toxic component is ricin, a highly potent cellular poison. We report the case of a young adult who ingested a large number of the seeds, causing initial toxicity, but with subsequent ...
Dumavibhat B - - 1997
The epidemiology and exposing causes of snake bites were studied in 274 patients between 1 January 1982 and 30 December 1990. They comprised 142 males (51.82%) and 132 females (48.18%). Their ages ranged from 1 month to 86 years old. The age group most frequently bitten found in this study ...
Burda T - - 1997
We studied the frequency of use of flumazenil by emergency departments in our region and compared it to recommendations made by specialists in poison information at our poison control center. For a 5-mo period, we prospectively collected cases involving benzodiazepines or zolpidem. Data was documented only from calls from emergency ...
Woehlck H J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide forms via reaction of isoflurane, enflurane, and desflurane with dried CO2 absorbents. The authors hypothesize that interventions by nonphysician support personnel to decrease absorbent drying will decrease the exposure rate of patients to carbon monoxide from anesthetic breakdown. METHODS: In the control group, all anesthetizing personnel were ...
Rambourg-Schepens M O - - 1997
Clinical experience with toxicity induced by products containing gamma butyrolactone is limited. We report here 2 cases of gamma butyrolactone poisoning with a nail polish remover labelled "acetone-free". Rapid onset of coma, respiratory depression and bradycardia occurred in both patients. After supportive care, they fully recovered within a few hours.
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