Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 589
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Mohamed Tarek - - 2007
Amiodarone therapy is associated with several adverse effects, including hematologic ones such as pancytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and aplastic anemia. Very few cases of amiodarone-associated bone marrow granulomas have been reported. We report 2 cases of amiodarone-associated bone marrow granulomas. Patient 1 was an 81-year-old man who presented with leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, ...
Longmuir Reid - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe a case of cotton wool spots associated with interferon beta-1a treatment. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 40-year-old man with a history of multiple sclerosis was on interferon beta-1a. He presented with cotton wool spots on fundus exam, which resolved and then recurred all while on therapy. ...
Pozzi Samantha - - 2007
Over a period of 28 months, we observed five cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in cancer patients treated with bisphosphonates (BP) at our institution. This prompted us to undertake a retrospective, multicenter study to analyse the characteristics of patients who exhibited ONJ and to define the frequency of ...
Poser Charles M - - 2007
Review of the recent medical literature raises doubts about the reliability of reported prevalence rates of multiple sclerosis (MS). Many published prevalence rates are inflated. Some studies have shown that relying on clinical information and MRI interpretation leads to one third of incorrect MS diagnoses. The most important error is ...
Alaraj A M - - 2007
Neurocutaneous syndromes represent some of the most common inherited disorders of the nervous system. Neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1) and tuberous sclerosis are well described. Yet, the presentation of both syndromes in the same patient is quite rare. We performed a thorough review of the literature of such double phakomatosis including pattern ...
Duijff Jan W - - 2007
Intussusception in adults is a rare clinical entity. The individual surgeon will not often encounter this condition. A lead-point for adult intussusception exists in 90% of cases and is frequently malignant. We present four cases and discuss treatment and diagnostic modalities. A comprehensive review of the literature is given. All ...
Ruiz-Sandoval JoseL, Campos Ariel, ...
Multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) are uncommon. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman with previous diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus and who was brought to our hospital with altered mental status and urinary incontinence. Medical history of hypertension, hematological disorders or severe head trauma was absent. Platelet count ...
Ruiz-Sandoval José L - - 2006
Multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) are uncommon. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman with previous diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus and who was brought to our hospital with altered mental status and urinary incontinence. Medical history of hypertension, hematological disorders or severe head trauma was absent. Platelet count ...
Amini Amin - - 2006
Photophobia is a common neurological and ophthalmological symptom that has been associated with a growing number of neurosurgical conditions, especially compressive lesions. The exact signaling pathways and neurophysiological features of the disorder are not well understood; however, data from multiple studies have shown the significance of the trigeminal system and ...
Patil Karthikeya - - 2006
Pyogenic granuloma is a well-known localized granulation tissue overgrowth in reaction to mild irritation. Although it is known to show a striking predilection for the gingiva, it can be found extragingivally with varying clinical features that sometimes may mimic more serious lesions such as malignancies. The clinical diagnosis of such ...
Goyal Richa - - 2006
A 60-year-old male presented with headache and diplopia for 2 months. Computed tomography of the head showed a heterogeneously enhancing expansile lytic lesion in clival region. The patient underwent surgery and histopathological examination revealed it to be plasmacytoma of the clivus. The multiple myeloma work-up was negative. Solitary plasmacytoma localized ...
Ghosh Sharmila - - 2006
Serous effusions in multiple myeloma are uncommon but a myelomatous pleural effusion occurring in these patients is extremely rare. Here we report a rare case of a 38 years lady who was diagnosed to have multiple myeloma and subsequently developed pleural effusion. The myelomatous nature of the effusion was first ...
Neely Gregory M - - 2006
Acne Fulminans (AF) is a severe form of cystic acne primarily affecting Caucasian adolescent males. The systemic clinical manifestations of the disease make it likely that the patient will present to his or her primary care provider rather than to a dermatologist. Promptly recognizing this disorder will aid in appropriate ...
Binitha M P - - 2006
Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal dominant disease due to mutations in two genetic loci, characterized by hamartoma formation in the skin, nervous system, heart, kidney and other organs. Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis, characterized by small hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules, uniformly distributed over the entire body. The ...
Tuzun Yusuf - - 2006
The coexistence of three cranial meningoceles in a single patient is an extremely rare event. Multiple cranial meningoceles have not been reported in the literature. The rare case of a newborn with three distinct occipital meningoceles, of which one was rudimentary, is presented. Diagnostic tools and treatment options are also ...
Fisher Emily J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ticks are the second most common vectors of human infectious diseases in the world. In addition to their role as vectors, ticks and their larvae can also produce primary skin manifestations. Infestation by the larvae of ticks is not commonly recognized, with only 3 cases reported in the literature. ...
Kombogiorgas D - - 2006
We present a giant clival chordoma with disseminated disease but without involvement of the clivus. To our knowledge, this is the youngest child and only the second case, presenting without base of skull involvement, in paediatric literature and the fourth reported case of a chordoma in a patient with tuberous ...
Dummer Reinhard - - 2006
We report the case of a 50-year-old woman with multiple soft papules in the perioral region resistant to local corticosteroid and antibiotic therapies. Histology revealed elastosis colloidalis conglomerata. There were no hints for a deposition disease. The patient was treated with local retinoids. We report on the therapeutic outcome.
Kondo Maho - - 2006
A 4-year and 8-month-old Chinese-Japanese boy, who had been visiting Dalian, China frequently, developed multiple alopecia lesions 1 year previously. At his initial visit to our department, multiple patchy alopecia with black dots was observed in the parietal scalp area. Multiple erythematous macules were also seen on the face, nape ...
Huntsman Richard J - - 2006
Tuberous sclerosis is a multisystem disorder that is transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion. It affects approximately 1 in 10,000 live births. A growing body of evidence implicates a defect of cell maturation and migration in the pathogenesis of many of the lesions in tuberous sclerosis affecting the central nervous ...
Weiss M D - - 2006
We report a case of apparently sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in a young pregnant woman presenting subacutely with severe left shoulder pain followed by progressive weakness and wasting of the left arm, mimicking neuralgic amyotrophy. She was later found electrophysiologically to have widespread denervation involving more than just the ...
Culpepper William J WJ - - 2006
Establishment of a national multiple sclerosis (MS) surveillance registry (MSSR) is a primary goal of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) MS Center of Excellence. The initial query of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) databases identified 25,712 patients (labeled "VHA MS User Cohort") from fiscal years 1998 to 2002 based on ...
Rashid Rashid M - - 2006
Granuloma inguinale is common in certain regions of the world, however, it is rarely reported in the United States. It is the result of infection by Calymmatobacterium granulomati, although current literature proposes to re-classify this organism as Klebsiella granulomati. Here we report a case of granuloma inguinale, review the literature, ...
Hejmadi R K - - 2006
We report a case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (epithelioid haemangioma) involving multiple deep mediastinal, abdominal and intramammary lymph nodes in a 52-year-old woman with weight loss and raised CA-125 levels. The unusual clinical presentation with raised CA-125 levels and its occurrence within multiple deep visceral lymph nodes has never ...
Glasgow M A - - 2005
Spitz nevi most commonly present as solitary lesions. Multiple agminated Spitz nevi are a rare presentation, with 38 reported cases in the English language literature. We report a 2-year-old girl who presented with multiple Spitz nevi in a unique, dermatome-like distribution and review the English-language literature on agminated Spitz nevi.
Ariyaratnam S - - 2005
Myeloma is a disease of the bone marrow in which there is malignant proliferation of plasma cells. Myeloma is usually associated with the accumulation of a monoclonal immunoglobulin or light chains in plasma and subsequently an increase in light chains in the urine (Bence-Jones proteins). Renal failure can occur and ...
Reese Drew A - - 2005
Darier disease (DD) is an autosomal-dominant skin disorder that is characterized by multiple keratotic papules, loss of epithelial adhesion, and abnormal keratinization. We describe an unusual case of late-onset unilateral segmental DD that follows the lines of Blaschko. Our patient did not exhibit other classic findings of DD. Our case ...
Caturelli E - - 2006
The very rare case of a non-cirrhotic patient with multiple intrahepatic portosystemic and arteriosystemic vascular shunts, presenting with hyperammoniaemic type B encephalopathy and hypoalbuminaemia due to proteinuria, is reported. The correct diagnosis, suspected by abdominal ultrasound and colour-Doppler imaging, was confirmed by hepatic and superior mesenteric angiography. A comparison with ...
Cowles Robert A - - 2005
A 6-year-old girl with hereditary multiple exostoses presented with spontaneous hemothorax and pericardial effusion. Chest computed tomographic scan showed left-sided costal exostoses protruding into the left side of the chest. She underwent successful thoracoscopic resection of 3 left rib exostoses and made a full recovery. This report illustrates this rare ...
Cholia S S - - 2005
Multiple idiopathic external root resorption is an unusual condition that may present in a cervical or an apical form. In this article, we review the published literature relating to multiple idiopathic external apical root resorption and present four clinical cases. We consider the aetiology of this condition and discuss the ...
Keane James R - - 2005
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) is a sign of exquisite localizing value, often due to either multiple sclerosis or infarction. To demonstrate that unusual causes of INO are more common than the 11% reported in previous series, this review considers a case series of 410 inpatients whom I personally examined during a ...
Na Sang-Jun - - 2005
Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema generally occurs following trauma to the esophagus or lung. It also occurs spontaneously in such situations of elevating intra-thoracic pressure as asthma, excessive coughing or forceful straining. We report here on the rare case of a man who experienced the signs of pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema ...
Inoue Yoshio - - 2005
A pleural effusion is a rare presenting feature of multiple myeloma and can be a complication of myelomatous ascites as well. An additional unique feature of our case includes the finding of a normal bone marrow at the time of presentation despite the aggressive course of the disease. To the ...
Maurelli Maurizia - - 2005
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has been described in several cases of clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS). In the majority of these, lumbar puncture followed by intravenous corticosteroid treatment was suspected as the cause. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first case of a patient with a multifocal clinically ...
Dziadzio Magdalena M Centre for Rheumatology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College, Rowland Hill Street, London, NW 32PF, - - 2006
Scleredema (also called scleredema of Buschke) is a fibromucinous connective tissue disorder of unknown cause that belongs to a group of scleroderma-like disorders. We report the case of a 64-year-old lady with long-standing scleredema, associated with a paraprotein, and progressing to multiple myeloma and AL amyloidosis. The relationship of scleredema ...
Kobayashi T - - 2005
A case of multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MMPH) associated with tuberous sclerosis is reported. MMPH is a rare pulmonary disorder characterized by the nodular proliferation of type II pneumocytes. In the case presented here, MMPH appeared as multiple, well-defined small nodules with ground-glass opacity. It is necessary to consider MMPH ...
Ioannidou Despina I - - 2005
Scleredema adultorum is a rare sclerotic disorder characterized by diffuse swelling and nonpitting induration of the skin. Its occurrence has been documented in association with infections, diabetes mellitus, paraproteinemia, multiple myeloma, and monoclonal gammopathy. We report an unusual case of a 48-year-old man with an asymptomatic bilateral eyelid edema of ...
Celenk Peruze - - 2005
Tuberous sclerosis is a rare congenital disorder with an incidence of 1 in 6000 births. The classic triad is seizure, mental deficiency, and angiofibromas. Orofacial manifestations include fibrous hyperplasia, hemangioma, bifid uvula, cleft lip and palate, macroglossia, high arched palate, and enamel defects. Benign tumors of the jaws including desmoplastic ...
Cantù P - - 2005
Ringed oesophagus is an increasingly recognised finding in young people presenting with dysphagia and may be related to eosinophilic oesophagitis. Recently, hypotheses regarding potential aetiologies have been proposed but these have not been systemically tested in the majority of reported cases. We report two cases very similar in clinical history ...
England J D - - 2005
The objective of this report was to develop a case definition of distal symmetric polyneuropathy to standardize and facilitate clinical research and epidemiologic studies. A formalized consensus process was employed to reach agreement after a systematic review and classification of evidence from the literature. The literature indicates that symptoms alone ...
England J D - - 2005
The objective of this report was to develop a case definition of "distal symmetrical polyneuropathy" to standardize and facilitate clinical research and epidemiological studies. A formalized consensus process was employed to reach agreement after a systematic review and classification of evidence from the literature. The literature indicates that symptoms alone ...
Mortazavi Hossein - - 2005
A 70-year-old man presents with multiple asymptomatic, yellow to skin-colored firm papules scattered on the scalp; the lesions had been present for about 30 years. Histological findings are consistent with the diagnosis of steatocystoma. We review the English-language literature of the published cases of localized forms of steatocystoma multiplex.
Abelman W - - 2005
Two rare cases of extramedullary pericardial myeloma presenting after initial diagnosis of multiple myeloma are described. A systematic search using PubMed (National Library of Medicine) identified a further 19 cases in the literature. The characteristics of presentation, duration of survival and optimal management of patients with pericardial myelomatous involvement are ...
Rodriguez-Casero M Victoria - - 2005
Acute hearing loss with or without tinnitus has been reported in a number of adult series of multiple sclerosis (MS), but is considered a rare phenomenon. It generally occurs during disease exacerbations, rather than as an isolated finding or presenting feature. We present the case of an 11-year-old girl in ...
England John D - - 2005
The objective of this report was to develop a case definition of "distal symmetrical polyneuropathy" to standardize and facilitate clinical research and epidemiologic studies. A formalized consensus process was employed to reach agreement after a systematic review and classification of evidence from the literature. The literature indicates that symptoms alone ...
Tonino B A R - - 2005
Heterotropic mesenteric ossification is a rare entity. Only a few cases have been described in the literature. We report a case of heterotropic mesenteric ossification in a patient who underwent several laparotomies, after suffering from multiple gunshot wounds. We discuss the radiographic findings of this disease that can easily be ...
Rucco V - - 2004
Spasticity is a characteristic and early component of the lesions of the pyramidal tract of demyelinising diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and is included in the chief neurological scales to evaluate this disease. We report the case of a woman with a clawed toes deformity caused by spasticity of the ...
Ghezzi A - - 2004
Cases are described with Leber's optic atrophy and neurological symptoms and/or MRI lesions suggestive of multiple sclerosis. We describe a case of a young woman with Devic's neuromyelitis optica and 3460 homoplasmic mitochondrial DNA mutation.
Mashhood Asher Ahmed - - 2004
Tuberous sclerosis is a rare genetic disease of autosomal dominant inheritance, associated with hamartomata formation in several organs and various skin findings. A case of young male is presented here with multiple fibromas on right side of his face, peri-ungual fibromas in right index and middle fingers and right second ...
Deftereos S - - 2004
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been reported in association with haematological abnormalities, including monoclonal gammopathies. We present a 54-year-old male patient with a 30-year history of MS who was admitted to our hospital for investigation of anaemia and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate. A monoclonal IgM protein was detected by serum protein ...
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