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Kabre R - - 2009
Foreign body ingestion is a common occurrence in the pediatric population. Frequent culprits include coins, toys, sharp objects and bones, which most often pass spontaneously. Magnet ingestion, however, can be a serious matter, especially when more than one is taken in. The extremely strong magnetic force between multiple magnets may ...
Sarwat Amr M - - 2009
Schwannomatosis is a clinical syndrome that requires thorough clinical and radiological assessments before the diagnosis is made. Although schwannomatosis has been reported before, all were in multiple organ sites. The authors report a case of multiple intra-dural schwannomas of the conus medullaris expressing HIF-1, galectin-3, cox-2 and Wilms tumor-1 protein; ...
Yardley Ian - - 2008
Multiple jejunoileal atresia is a challenge to the pediatric surgeon. The aim of the study is to preserve bowel length and prevent the long-term complications of short bowel syndrome. The authors present a rare case of combined multiple jejunoileal atresia and colonic atresia managed by 9 primary anastomoses over a ...
Perez F - - 2009
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), a mitochondrial disease, is clinically characterized by a bilateral subacute loss of central vision consecutive to optic nerve involvement. In some cases of LHON, neurological features are reported including multiple sclerosis-like (MSL) phenotype. We report one additional male patient displaying LHON-MSL associated with the prevalent ...
Fernandez-Aguilar Sergio - - 2008
We report the case of an otherwise healthy 67-year-old woman who presented with bilateral breast masses and calcifications. Bilateral mammary biopsies showed infiltration by monoclonal neoplastic plasma cells and diffuse osseous metaplasia. Congo red stains and immunohistochemistry showed amyloid deposits. This case illustrates why multiple myeloma should be kept in ...
Wong Allen - - 2008
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) was first described in the late 1800s as a relative of neurofibromatosis, but it has since been identified as a discrete disorder. Patients with TSC typically present with facial adenomas, seizure disorder, and a developmental disability. The syndrome is caused by mutations in either chromosomes 9 ...
Viglizzo G - - 2008
We report on a case of multiple dermatomyofibromas on the posterior neck of a 10-year-old boy. Dermatomyofibroma is a benign proliferation of myofibroblasts of the skin. It is more common in adolescents and young adults, with a female preponderance. It usually appears as a single plaque or nodule. To our ...
Mangat Pamela - - 2008
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), characterised by longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM), was previously thought to be a variant of multiple sclerosis. Transverse myelitis may be a manifestation of autoimmune connective tissue diseases and NMO is now recognised to be a humorally mediated autoimmune disease. We present a case of NMO associated ...
Gueiros Luiz Alcino - - 2008
The hyaline ring granuloma is a distinct oral entity characterized as a foreign body reaction occurring either centrally or peripherally. The granulomas may assume different histological characteristics, possibly related to the length of time in the tissue, and adequate recognition is important to avoid misdiagnosis. The aim of this article ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2008
A review of the ancient world finds multiple documentations describing the use of the human calvaria as a drinking implement. This term, which is frequently and incorrectly called the "calvarium," has a unique history among multiple cultures of the world. For example, the purported site of Jesus' crucifixion "Calvary" is ...
Chen C-Y - - 2008
Rhizobium radiobacter is an uncommon opportunistic pathogen present in soil. It has been particularly associated with indwelling intravascular devices in immunocompromised patients. In this report, we summarise the case of a patient with multiple myeloma who developed R. radiobacter bacteraemia during autologous stem cell leucopheresis. Retrospective investigation revealed exposure to ...
Dalton Catherine - - 2008
Case presentation: A serious intrathecal baclofen overdose occurred in a 45-year-old woman with primary progressive multiple sclerosis following a catheter dye study with concomitant change in baclofen concentration. The pump and catheter were emptied of baclofen 2000 microg/mL, refilled and primed with baclofen 1000 microg/mL. No correction was made for ...
Schaffer Julie V - - 2008
A 4-month-old girl developed coalescing, red-purple, firm plaques with irregular borders and superimposed papules in the left groin. The lesions were tender to palpation and they slowly expanded and became thicker over the next year. Histopathologic evaluation showed multiple, discrete lobules of tightly packed capillaries in a 'cannonball' pattern within ...
Singal Archana - - 2008
A 10-year-old immunocompetent boy presented with multiple, verrucous, disseminated pheohyphomycotic lesions caused by Exophiala spinifera. The patient was not responsive to combination antifungal therapy (itraconazole, terbinafine, fluconazole) and cryotherapy. As antifungal susceptibility is known to be variable for Exophiala spinifera, in vitro sensitivity testing is recommended before medical treatment. This ...
Kuroda Junya - - 2008
Overlapping of essential thrombocythemia (ET) and multiple myeloma (MM) has been extremely rare. Our report concerns a case with concomitant ET and MM, where JAK2V617F was present in non-myeloma peripheral blood leukocytes and bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic cells, but not in BM-derived CD138-positive myeloma cells. In contrast, double-color fluorescence in ...
Al-Omari B - - 2008
Pyogenic granuloma gravidarum is a rare condition. There have been very few reports in the literature of these tumours affecting the tongue. We describe a case of pyogenic granuloma occurring on the tongue of a female who was 32 weeks pregnant. We present the clinical and histopathological features of this ...
Fernandez-Flores Angel - - 2008
Multiple pilomatricomas are rare. In the literature, they have been associated with many conditions, although the most common association is with myotonic dystrophy. We present a new association not previously described in the literature, observed in a 28-year-old male with three pilomatricomas, who had been diagnosed with seminoma 15 months ...
Lee Kai H - - 2007
Dental practitioners are usually the first health professionals to examine and diagnose patients with oral pyogenic granuloma. Usually of traumatic origin, the lesion results from an overly aggressive immune response. Despite several accepted methods of treatment, recurrence is common. This paper reports on a case of recurrent pyogenic granuloma and ...
Kerr Sarah - - 2007
The differential diagnosis for hypophosphatemia is long, and involves complex, overlapping physiological systems. Practitioners are often guilty, however, of simply supplementing phosphate without fully investigating the etiology of the problem. The purpose of this case presentation is to illustrate a case of spurious hypophosphatemia that initially led to unnecessary phosphate ...
Aygencel G - - 2008
Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is considered to be a pathognomonic sign of Pseudomonas aeruginosa septicemia and is predominantly seen in immunosuppressed patients. Although P. aeruginosa is the most recognized pathogen of EG, numerous other organisms have been reported to cause clinically identical lesions. We report a case of an EG-like eruption ...
Tzoufi Meropi S - - 2008
Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare disorder characterized by venous malformations usually affecting the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. These skin haemangiomas are present at birth and deteriorate as the body grows, causing primarily cosmetic problems. The haemangiomas of the gastrointestinal tract may appear later in life ...
Yanagawa Youichi - - 2007
DATA SOURCES: We report one case and analyzed 15 Japanese cases concerning multiple organ failure induced by wasp stings. DATA EXTRACTION: Thirteen of 15 cases were associated with skin hemorrhage or necrosis after wasp stings. The mean number of stings (+/- standard error) in the patients who died (59 +/- ...
Husein Omar F - - 2007
Extramedullary plasmacytoma involving the skull base is rare. We describe what we believe is the first reported case of recurrent multiple myeloma presenting as an isolated lesion in the central skull base in a patient with no evidence of systemic involvement. We discuss the patient's presentation, clinical course, and treatment, ...
Kaufman Rod - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This case study describes a patient diagnosed with early manifestations of multiple myeloma and illustrates relevant aspects of differential diagnosis and the use of laboratory, radiologic, and advanced imaging techniques to aid in establishing the diagnosis and issues of management. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 36-year-old male student experienced midback pain ...
Abdolrasouli Alireza - - 2007
The present report describes a case of persistent urethritis accompanied by prostatitis due to Trichomonas vaginalis in a young male patient. The importance of the laboratory diagnosis of trichomoniasis in persistent or recurrent urethritis (ie, testing samples from multiple sites) is highlighted, with the aim of improving the clinical recognition ...
Gouveia Liliana Olim - - 2007
There are few reports describing young-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Age at onset is a prognostic factor in ALS, and thus it is relevant to investigate the clinical features of very young ALS patients. We describe three young-onset ALS cases and review the literature. SOD1 mutations were not identified. Our ...
Pallotta Rosanna - - 2007
We report an apparently healthy 5-year-old girl with multiple vertebral segmentation defects, partial fusion of some left ribs, abnormal vertebral arches, left renal agenesis, and a 'Cooley-like' hand appearance radiologically. The costovertebral defects were extensive but not contiguous, which establishes this case as being different from the Mendelian forms of ...
Narayan Sunil K - - 2007
To report Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in two migrant Indian siblings in the Middle East. MS was thought to be rare in the Indian subcontinent, but, of late, with ready availability of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, evoked potential studies and immunoglobulin estimation in this part of the developing world, there ...
Halpern Analisa V - - 2007
We report a case of a 71-year-old woman with an atypical unilateral and focally annular distribution of asymptomatic syringomata on the volar surface of the left forearm. We are unaware of previous reports of isolated unilateral syringomata presenting with an annular pattern on the volar distal extremity.
Berhe Rezene - - 2007
A middle aged man from rural Ethiopia with disseminated type of multiple piloleiomyoma is reported. He showed multiple painful nodules on the chest, shoulders, abdomen and the left lower extremity. He had right renal mass lesion which had rendered his kidney non-functional. Multiple piloleiomyoma is rare in general and to ...
Causse-Mariscal A - - 2007
Tuberous sclerosis is a multi-system disease characterized by the presence of benign growths in many tissues, mostly localized in skin, brain, kidney and lungs. Epileptic seizures and renal hemorrhage are frequent in such patients. Apart from life-threatening hemorrhage after rupture of angiomyolipomatoma, few data are available about anesthetic considerations during ...
Miller Andrew C - - 2007
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is both a clinical and a diagnostic challenge. Furthermore, an FUO case with isolated marrow noncaseating granuloma can further confound diagnosis. However, these two findings together may help narrow down the pathological possibilities. This article presents a case report of FUO and lymphopenia for 2 ...
Parghi Chirag - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe a case of prominent corneal nerves observed in a patient after diagnosis of multiple myeloma. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 65-year-old woman with a history of multiple myeloma was referred for chronic epitheliopathy in the left eye. She was diagnosed with multiple myeloma 3 ...
Divekar Deepa - - 2007
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating condition, which is usually monophasic. Recurrent ADEM is a much less characterized entity and its differentiation from multiple sclerosis (MS) poses a diagnostic challenge. We report a seven year old girl with recurrence of ADEM after 19 months and discuss the diagnostic ...
Mohamed Tarek - - 2007
Amiodarone therapy is associated with several adverse effects, including hematologic ones such as pancytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and aplastic anemia. Very few cases of amiodarone-associated bone marrow granulomas have been reported. We report 2 cases of amiodarone-associated bone marrow granulomas. Patient 1 was an 81-year-old man who presented with leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, ...
Longmuir Reid - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe a case of cotton wool spots associated with interferon beta-1a treatment. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 40-year-old man with a history of multiple sclerosis was on interferon beta-1a. He presented with cotton wool spots on fundus exam, which resolved and then recurred all while on therapy. ...
Pozzi Samantha - - 2007
Over a period of 28 months, we observed five cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in cancer patients treated with bisphosphonates (BP) at our institution. This prompted us to undertake a retrospective, multicenter study to analyse the characteristics of patients who exhibited ONJ and to define the frequency of ...
Poser Charles M - - 2007
Review of the recent medical literature raises doubts about the reliability of reported prevalence rates of multiple sclerosis (MS). Many published prevalence rates are inflated. Some studies have shown that relying on clinical information and MRI interpretation leads to one third of incorrect MS diagnoses. The most important error is ...
Alaraj A M - - 2007
Neurocutaneous syndromes represent some of the most common inherited disorders of the nervous system. Neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1) and tuberous sclerosis are well described. Yet, the presentation of both syndromes in the same patient is quite rare. We performed a thorough review of the literature of such double phakomatosis including pattern ...
Duijff Jan W - - 2007
Intussusception in adults is a rare clinical entity. The individual surgeon will not often encounter this condition. A lead-point for adult intussusception exists in 90% of cases and is frequently malignant. We present four cases and discuss treatment and diagnostic modalities. A comprehensive review of the literature is given. All ...
Ruiz-Sandoval JoseL, Campos Ariel, ...
Multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) are uncommon. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman with previous diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus and who was brought to our hospital with altered mental status and urinary incontinence. Medical history of hypertension, hematological disorders or severe head trauma was absent. Platelet count ...
Ruiz-Sandoval José L - - 2006
Multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) are uncommon. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman with previous diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus and who was brought to our hospital with altered mental status and urinary incontinence. Medical history of hypertension, hematological disorders or severe head trauma was absent. Platelet count ...
Amini Amin - - 2006
Photophobia is a common neurological and ophthalmological symptom that has been associated with a growing number of neurosurgical conditions, especially compressive lesions. The exact signaling pathways and neurophysiological features of the disorder are not well understood; however, data from multiple studies have shown the significance of the trigeminal system and ...
Patil Karthikeya - - 2006
Pyogenic granuloma is a well-known localized granulation tissue overgrowth in reaction to mild irritation. Although it is known to show a striking predilection for the gingiva, it can be found extragingivally with varying clinical features that sometimes may mimic more serious lesions such as malignancies. The clinical diagnosis of such ...
Goyal Richa - - 2006
A 60-year-old male presented with headache and diplopia for 2 months. Computed tomography of the head showed a heterogeneously enhancing expansile lytic lesion in clival region. The patient underwent surgery and histopathological examination revealed it to be plasmacytoma of the clivus. The multiple myeloma work-up was negative. Solitary plasmacytoma localized ...
Ghosh Sharmila - - 2006
Serous effusions in multiple myeloma are uncommon but a myelomatous pleural effusion occurring in these patients is extremely rare. Here we report a rare case of a 38 years lady who was diagnosed to have multiple myeloma and subsequently developed pleural effusion. The myelomatous nature of the effusion was first ...
Neely Gregory M - - 2006
Acne Fulminans (AF) is a severe form of cystic acne primarily affecting Caucasian adolescent males. The systemic clinical manifestations of the disease make it likely that the patient will present to his or her primary care provider rather than to a dermatologist. Promptly recognizing this disorder will aid in appropriate ...
Binitha M P - - 2006
Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal dominant disease due to mutations in two genetic loci, characterized by hamartoma formation in the skin, nervous system, heart, kidney and other organs. Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis, characterized by small hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules, uniformly distributed over the entire body. The ...
Tuzun Yusuf - - 2006
The coexistence of three cranial meningoceles in a single patient is an extremely rare event. Multiple cranial meningoceles have not been reported in the literature. The rare case of a newborn with three distinct occipital meningoceles, of which one was rudimentary, is presented. Diagnostic tools and treatment options are also ...
Fisher Emily J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ticks are the second most common vectors of human infectious diseases in the world. In addition to their role as vectors, ticks and their larvae can also produce primary skin manifestations. Infestation by the larvae of ticks is not commonly recognized, with only 3 cases reported in the literature. ...
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