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Results 101 - 150 of 594
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Shamliyan Tatyana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how systematic reviews assess the quality of primary studies of incidence, prevalence, or risk factors for chronic diseases. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We searched several databases, identified 145 systematic reviews, and evaluated methods of quality assessment and quantitative synthesis of evidence by external or internal validity or ...
Barbosa Fabiano Timbó FT Basic Anesthetic and Surgical Technique, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Av. Lourival Melo Mota S/N, Tabuleiro do Martins, Maceió, AL, Brazil. - - 2012
Systematic reviews organize literature data by combining results from published studies in order to resolve conflicts in the area of medical knowledge describing the interventions. The inadequate reporting of systematic reviews can damage the credibility and interfere in the results' quality. The objective of this study was to determine the ...
Weir Charlene R - - 2012
PURPOSE: Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) is central to current efforts at improving clinical care. Understanding the quality of the evidence for CPOE is important to the practical decision of implementation, patient safety and future design efforts. This paper presents the results of a systematic analysis of the quality of ...
Berg Cynthia J - - 2012
The maternal mortality review process is an ongoing quality improvement cycle with 5 steps: identification of maternal deaths, collection of medical and other data on the events surrounding the death, review and synthesis of the data to identify potentially alterable factors, the development and implementation of interventions to decrease the ...
Main Elliott K - - 2012
Maternal mortality is a current and important issue for obstetrics. The challenge is to structure case reviews so that they develop real data that can inform and direct quality improvement activities. In this article, we describe a series of decisions we have made in California to organize and run our ...
Kfoury Hala - - 2012
Minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules (MPMNs) are incidentally found lesions in lung resection specimens and autopsies. MPMNs have been associated with neoplastic and non-neoplastic pulmonary conditions and occasionally with extrapulmonary diseases. We report a case of a female patient presenting with invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast and MPMNs, masquerading as ...
Aumann Konrad - - 2012
Aumann K, Amann D, Gumpp V, Hauschke D, Kayser G, May A M, Wetterauer U & Werner M (2012) Histopathology Template-based synoptic reports improve the quality of pathology reports of prostatectomy specimens Aims:  Traditionally, pathology reports have been textual, with a high degree of variability. In part, they miss some ...
Huang Wenbin - - 2012
Myelolipoma of the lung is a rare benign tumor composed of mature adipose tissue and normal hematopoietic cells. Only 8 cases of primary myelolipoma of the lung have been reported up to date. We report here the ninth case which was misdiagnosed as a malignant tumor and relevant literature is ...
Radzikowska Elżbieta - - 2012
Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare condition in middle-aged women with a history of uterine leiomyomata. It is characterized by the proliferation of, usually multiple, smooth muscle nodules. Approximately 100 cases have been reported in the literature, and the lungs were the most common site of metastases. We report ...
Anderson Michael - - 2012
Nocardiosis is an infrequent but potentially serious pulmonary infection that typically affects patients with immune suppression or structural lung disease. We report a case of a 70-year-old patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treated with inhaled steroids, theophylline, short-acting beta-agonists and anticholinergics, and long-term oxygen therapy, who presented with ...
Desai Bobby - - 2012
We present a case of a potentially difficult airway emergency in a pediatric patient. After presentation, we briefly review critical differences between pediatric and adult airways and management of the airway during these emergencies.
Jungmark Eva M - - 2012
Internal nasal dilators are widely used but have not been reported to cause severe symptoms. We describe a case in which a male adult had accidentally, during sleep, inhaled a nasal dilator into his right nasal cavity, and we review the relevant literature. A PubMed search was performed of nasal ...
Hartling Lisa - - 2012
GRADE was developed to address shortcomings of tools to rate the quality of a body of evidence. While much has been published about GRADE, there are few empirical and systematic evaluations. To assess GRADE for systematic reviews (SRs) in terms of inter-rater agreement and identify areas of uncertainty. Cross-sectional, descriptive ...
Cheung Amy - - 2012
The purpose of this project was to conduct an overview of existing systematic reviews to evaluate the effectiveness of reminders in changing professional behavior in clinical settings. Relevant systematic reviews of reminder interventions were identified through searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, DARE and the Cochrane Library in conjunction with a ...
Zintzaras Elias - - 2012
Recently anti-CCP testing has become popular in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the inadequate reporting of the relevant diagnostic studies may overestimate and bias the results, directing scientists into making false decisions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reporting quality of studies used anti-CCP2 ...
Jaswal Abhishek A Shri Harihar Hospital & Research Center, Thanera Bazaar, Opposite Indira Market, Mandi, 175001 Himachal Pradesh - - 2014
Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration is a common emergency in childhood constituting major cause of mortality. Although ample studies regarding airway foreign bodies are present in western literature, studies in Indian context are however lacking. The aim of the study is to present an epidemiological data regarding airway foreign bodies in ...
Mousselli Hosam A - - 2011
Echinocandins are commonly used as initial empiric therapy in cases of moderate to severe invasive candidiasis. The authors demonstrate that caution should be exercised in applying this approach in certain clinical situations. A case of Candida glabrata fungemia and associated chorioretinitis that was clinically resistant to therapy with micafungin but ...
Radowsky Jason S - - 2011
Abstract Background: Invasive mucormycosis or aspergillosis is a life-threatening infection. The disease typically occurs in immunocompromised patients (e.g., those with diabetes mellitus or burns) but is rarely serious in otherwise-healthy young trauma patients. Methods: Case report and literature review. Results: A previously-healthy 22-year-old United States Marine who sustained large soft ...
Keating Anne - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The aim of the study was to report a case of Trichosporon asahii in a patient with a type I Boston keratoprosthesis and contact lens with review of the literature. METHODS:: A case report and literature review are provided. RESULTS:: A 70-year-old monocular South Asian man with light perception ...
Shivaprakash M R - - 2011
Trichosporon species cause wide varieties of fungal infections. White piedra, a superficial fungal infection on the hair shaft, is caused by Trichosporon species. We report here a case of white piedra over the scalp due to T. inkin, a rarely isolated pathogen from such a lesion. The identification of the ...
Smits B - - 2011
Canine leproid granuloma syndrome (CLGS) has not been officially reported in New Zealand. The seminal report describing this syndrome is in the Australian Veterinary Journal, 1998, where the results of a questionnaire circulated amongst veterinary pathologists and practitioners in Australia were reported. It included one response of a case seen ...
Li Lulu - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Intussusception is one of the most frequent complications of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome which has been well described before. CASE REPORT: Herein, a voluminous intussusception with almost the whole midgut involved in a 13-year-old girl is reported, the radiological presentation was so similar with that of abdominal cocoon that she was ...
Giaccaglia Valentina - - 2011
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a benign vascular lesion occurring most commonly on the acral skin of children. It is a capillary hemangioma of lobular subtype, often prone to bleeding. Surgical removal of the lesion is indicated to prevent bleeding and avoid diagnostic uncertainty. We describe a successful surgical removal of ...
Ryan Mark L - - 2011
We present the case of an 8-month-old infant with a small bowel obstruction secondary to an ileocolic intussusception without a pathologic lead point. During pneumatic reduction, the patient went into cardiopulmonary arrest, at which point portal venous gas (PVG) was visualized on radiography. Here we present-to our knowledge-the first reported ...
Lopiccolo Matteo C - - 2011
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
Ahmadpour-Kacho Mousa - - 2011
Diaphragmatic paralysis in newborns is related to brachial plexus palsy. It can cause respiratory failure necessitating prolonged mechanical ventilation and subsequent extubation failure. We present a two-hour-old male newborn with a birth weight of 4500 grams who had a right-sided brachial plexus palsy and right diaphragmatic paralysis due to shoulder ...
Seifarth Federico G - - 2011
Small bowel intussusception in infancy owing to a pathologic lead point is a rare event requiring immediate surgical attention. We report a case of a 7-month-old patient presenting with ileoileal intussusception with isolated heterotopic pancreas as the lead point. We review the literature of small bowel intussusception focusing on diagnosis ...
Loukas Marios - - 2011
Originally described over 300 years ago, the clinical scenario of intussusception remains incompletely understood. Intussusception is now one of the conditions that can be, most of the time, preoperatively diagnosed and treated with success. This article reviews the literature regarding this pathological state of the abdomen and discusses what is ...
Nikolousis Emmanouil - - 2011
Fungal endocarditis (FE) is a rare complication in immunocompromised patients which is difficult to diagnose and has been characterized by excessive mortality (> 50%) and morbidity, regardless of treatment. The lack of clinical trials due to the small number of cases contributes further to a poor outcome. In our two ...
Dar Rayees Ahmad - - 2011
Teratomas are tumors composed of tissues derived from more than one germ cell line. Pulmonary teratomas are rare and commonly involve the upper lobe of the left lung. Criteria for pulmonary origin are the exclusion of a gonadal or other extragonadal primary site and origin entirely within the lung. We ...
Doshi Rishi R - - 2011
The authors report a rare case of a 32-year-old woman who developed endogenous Candida albicans endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and removal of a contraceptive intrauterine device. Considerations regarding diagnosis and management are presented based on a review of the literature.
Minaei Kambiz - - 2011
The genus Allothrips Hood, with one species A. bournieri Mound, is reported for the first time in Iran and the generic classification of Phlaeothripidae is discussed briefly. A key is provided to distinguish the four genera recorded in Iran of the spore-feeding thrips in the Idolothripinae.
Dicken M - - 2010
Equine cutaneous fungal granulomas have been previously referred to in New Zealand (Fairley 1998), and are described in the veterinary literature from around the world, including North America and Australia (Pascoe and Summers 1981; Genovese et al. 2001; Valentine et al. 2006), but no peer-reviewed reports appear published in the ...
Floyd Michael St John MS - - 2011
Subcutaneous granuloma annulare of the penis is rare, with only 10 cases in the world literature. This paper describes the youngest case ever reported and reviews its clinical features and management.
Caccetta Tony Philip - - 2012
Multiple minute digitate hyperkeratosis (MMDH) is a rare disorder of keratinization with many different names. We present a case of MMDH and review the literature. We propose and discuss the classification the digitate keratoses, which include MMDH, lichen spinulosus, phrynoderma, spiny keratoderma, arsenical keratosis, multiple filiform verrucae, postirradiation digitate keratosis, ...
Giourgos Georgios - - 2010
Anatomic variations of the sinonasal bony framework in the pediatric population are quite common. In children with such variations, however, bony pneumatization is uncommon. Moreover, pneumatization of the inferior turbinate in children is extremely rare; to the best of our knowledge, only 3 cases have been previously reported in the ...
Piraccini B M - - 2010
Nail pyogenic granuloma (PG) is common, often seen as an urgent case, given the recent onset as a bleeding nodule. Nail PGs are due to different causes that act through different pathogenetic mechanisms and may be treated in several ways. Both causes and treatments of nail PG have never been ...
Schellenberg Kerri - - 2010
We report a 64-year-old female with predominantly bulbar amyotrophic lateral sclerosis who experienced 'roaring' in her ears. She was diagnosed with patulous Eustachian tube, which is presumed to occur secondary to bulbar weakness. The roaring adversely affected the management of her ALS by impairing her ability to tolerate BiPaP. A ...
Méndez Carlos E - - 2010
Multiple myeloma is an incurable clonal B-cell malignancy with terminally differentiated plasma cells that accounts for 1% of all malignancies in the United States. It may present with tumors consisting of discrete masses of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells in either bone or soft tissues. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement of ...
Olubunmi Ogunrin A - - 2010
Tuberous sclerosis is a rare neuro-cutaneous syndrome, one of the phakomatosis, characterized by facial angiofibromas (adenoma sebaceum), mental retardation and epilepsy. This classic triad occurs in less than one half of patients, probably in one-third, thus requiring a high index of suspicion to diagnose. Consequently it may easily be misdiagnosed ...
Machaczka Maciej - - 2011
Acquired or secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) is a life-threatening hyperinflammation syndrome caused mostly by various infectious agents, autoimmune disorders or malignancy. So far, only anecdotal cases of sHLH associated with multiple myeloma have been published. We provide a review of all these reports and include a previously not published case ...
Chan Joel Juin-Li - - 2010
Pilomatricomas are the most common superficial pediatric tumor and current literature demonstrates that they can be diagnosed clinically. Excisional biopsy is recommended for diagnosis and curative treatment. Because the recurrence rate after excision is low, pilomatrical carcinoma should be considered in the case of local recurrence. Multiple pilomatricomas, on the ...
Braverman Rebecca S - - 2010
To describe a case of an incidental finding of bilateral corectopia detected by photo screening which ultimately led to the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Case presentation and literature review. Corectopia may be congenital or acquired. Midbrain corectopia is commonly caused by infarction and demyelinating disease can cause autonomic pupil abnormalities ...
Rison Richard A - - 2010
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (the most common form of motor neuron disease) is a progressive and devastating disease involving both lower and upper motor neurons, typically following a relentless path towards death. Given the gravity of this diagnosis, all efforts must be made by the clinician to exclude alternative and more ...
Alan Arbuckle H - - 2010
Papular xanthoma is a rare normolipemic xanthomatous skin disease which primarily occurs in adults. While this rare disorder has been documented in children, all but one reported in the literature had a normal lipid profile. We report a 10-year-old girl with multiple papule xanthomas on her face that had an ...
Kapila Rajeev Kumar - - 2010
This paper presents our experience with three cases of very unusual impacted foreign bodies in larynx and all without any Classical signs and symptoms of foreign body inhalation. Review of literature reveals that these conditions are rare and reported infrequently. Correct diagnosis and adequate approach is necessary as foreign bodies ...
Belanger Heather G - - 2010
Debate continues about the long-term neuropsychological impact of multiple mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBI). A meta-analysis of the relevant literature was conducted to determine the impact of having a history of more than one self-reported MTBI (versus just one MTBI) across seven cognitive domains, as well as symptom complaints. The ...
Binning Mandy J - - 2009
The authors report on a case of intracranial candidiasis in an immunocompetent neonate with a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. The child was known to be colonized with yeast as she had been treated for oral thrush; however, she did not have systemic candidiasis. Despite initial treatment with antifungal medication, intraventricular fungus balls ...
Hill S - - 2009
Glomuvenous malformations are a subtype of venous malformations, which present in infancy or childhood. We describe a teenage girl who presented with multiple digital glomuvenous malformations from birth. In addition, she had an epidermal naevus on the upper lip, an area of congenital alopecia of the scalp, heterochromia irides and ...
Misselwitz Benjamin - - 2010
Hyperlipidemic myeloma is a rare and poorly understood variant of multiple myeloma. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman with hyperlipidemic myeloma, skin xanthomas and hyperviscosity syndrome who underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. A comprehensive literature search identified 52 additional cases with plasma cell disease and hyperlipidemia. A detailed ...
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