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Results 301 - 347 of 347
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De Luca J - - 1986
Nocardia asteroides osteomyelitis has previously been described only in acutely ill patients. It may occur as an isolated event or part of the disease spectrum of disseminated nocardiosis. An 84 year old immune competent man with N. asteroides right tibial osteomyelitis had an unusual presentation, presumed mechanism of disease and ...
Woolfrey B F - - 1986
A case of childhood intervertebral diskitis caused by Kingella kingae is presented. In a review of the literature, the authors found 33 reported cases of infection caused by species of the Kingella genus, of which 29 were due to K. kingae. Of the 33 cases, 42% represented bacterial endocarditis and ...
Watanakunakorn C - - 1986
Serratia marcescens bacteremia, osteomyelitis of the right clavicle, and septic arthritis of the right sternoclavicular joint developed in a 69-year-old woman after a right subclavian vein catheter was in place for five days. The infections were cured with the combination of gentamicin and ceftizoxime. There have been three previously reported ...
Persson B M - - 1986
Symphysial osteomyelitis has been distinguished from osteitis pubis because of the more serious nature of the disease. We report a case in which there was a pelvic separation similar to that seen after trauma or pregnancy. The previously undescribed complications of bladder perforation and pelvic instability are also noted. There ...
Martini M - - 1986
One hundred and twenty-five cases of tuberculous osteomyelitis have been observed by the authors since 1968. The site of the lesion and the clinical and radiological findings have been analysed. The importance of accurate diagnosis by bacteriological and histological investigation is emphasized. Pitfalls in the differential diagnosis with chronic haematogenous ...
de Belder K R - - 1985
Reports of excision of the clavicle in the nineteenth century literature are reviewed, and certain operative complications discussed. Osteomyelitis was the most common indication, and was described first in this country by Syme in 1833. The first successful excision of the entire clavicle was performed by McCreary of Kentucky in ...
Leeson M C - - 1985
Eosinophilic granuloma of bone is a rare skeletal manifestation of one of the spectrum of diseases known as histiocytosis X. These lesions often simulate other pathophysiologic processes (Ewing sarcoma, chronic osteomyelitis, Brodie abscess, and chondroblastoma) and may present significant diagnostic problems. Three additional cases of eosinophilic granuloma in an epiphysis ...
Adekeye E O - - 1985
A survey of 141 cases of osteomyelitis of the jaws is presented. The salient clinical features, the aetiology and treatment of the lesions are described. A high incidence of the disease in the maxilla is noted. Lesions of the maxilla mainly occurred in patients in the first decade of life, ...
Javaloyas M - - 1985
Gram-negative bacillary osteomyelitis secondary to sepsis is a rare condition. It most frequently attacks the vertebrae, occasionally in the long bones, and can on occasion be multiple. We present 2 patients with severe sepsis of urinary origin who, after a latent period, developed bilateral and symmetrical osteomyelitis due to the ...
Cardozo J - - 1985
The presence of bone in choroid plexus papillomas is a rare event. The authors report a case of choroid plexus papilloma of the IVth ventricle containing bone in a 18-year-old man, and review two previously reported cases, as well as the mechanisms proposed for the presence of bone and cartilage ...
Griebel M - - 1985
Osteomyelitis as a complication of varicella has been rarely reported. We report two individual cases of postvaricella osteomyelitis in which group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus was implicated. In the first case group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus was isolated from blood cultures and bone aspirate cultures from the femoral metaphysis. The second case ...
Bracikowski J P - - 1984
We have reported a case of Campylobacter osteomyelitis, which we believe has not been previously reported. Symptoms and signs were nonspecific, but darkfield microscopy of a suspension of isolated bacteria was useful in making a presumptive diagnosis. Initial parenteral therapy based on sensitivity testing and prolonged oral doxycycline therapy was ...
Graham B S - - 1984
Osteomyelitis of the foot caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been a recognized complication of puncture wounds since 1968. This is a report of two cases, one of which had evidence that the source of the P aeruginosa was the inner sole of the footwear. Factors such as warm, moist environment, ...
Brock M - - 1984
The authors report the case of a young female patient submitted to chemonucleolysis at L4-5 with collagenase, in whom severe tissue lesions affecting the cartilaginous end-plate, the vertebral bone, the posterior intervertebral ligament, the epidural fat, and the dura mater were verified at laminectomy, which had become necessary due to ...
Procter S E - - 1984
Twelve triploid abortuses were investigated to determine the origin of the additional haploid set and were retrospectively examined for the development of partial hydatidiform mole. Eight out of ten suitable triploids were diagnosed as partial mole. Dispermy was indicated as the cause of triploidy in 6 informative cases of which ...
Jenkins F H - - 1984
Osteomyelitis of the pubic bone due to anaerobic bacteria has been reported infrequently, although an entity known as "sterile" osteitis pubis is common to the literature. We have described two cases of pubic osteomyelitis due to anaerobic bacteria, discussed two previously reported cases, and suggested that most cases of what ...
Colavita N - - 1984
After a brief review of the infectious complications that frequently occur in heroin users, the authors report a case of chronic osteomyelitis affecting the ulnar diaphysis bilaterally. Musculo-cutaneous dystrophic lesions were also present and resulted in forced flexion of the distal phalanges of fingers 2-5. The most likely pathogenetic development ...
Barter S J - - 1984
The case of a 17-year-old girl with sickle cell anaemia who presented with extensive osteomyelitis due to actinomycetes is reported. Osteomyelitis in the long bones due to actinomycosis is extremely rare. A review of the literature reveals only six cases in which actinomycetes have been isolated from lesions affecting a ...
Pang D - - 1983
Complete regrowth of a diastematomyelic bone septum producing progressive neurological deficits was found in a 15-year-old boy who had a previous extradural resection of a similar bone spur with the dural sleeve left untouched. This case and two similar cases in the literature documenting continued neurological deterioration after extradural removal ...
Banagale R C - - 1983
A case of distal femoral epiphyseal plate separation following breech delivery is reported. The purpose of this report is to emphasize the occurrence of this birth-associated injury because it can go undiagnosed or be misdiagnosed as septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, paralysis, or lymphedema. The pathogenesis, clinical and radiological course, management, and ...
Laasonen E M - - 1983
Only 24 patients with post-traumatic osteomyelitis were found from records covering a period of five years. Twenty-two of them with complete medical histories are reviewed here. The radiographs were usually taken through plaster of Paris, and therefore the radiological diagnosis was established later than the clinical one in half of ...
Kozlowski K - - 1983
Five cases of chronic, inflammatory, multifocal bone lesions of unknown etiology are reported. Although bone biopsy confirmed osteomyelitis in each case in none of them were organisms found inspite of an extensive work up. Different clinical course of the disease reflects different aetiology in respective cases. These cases present changing ...
Ribner B S - - 1982
A 34-year-old man without known underlying disease was seen with osteomyelitis of the proximal shaft of the left femur. At operation, only viridans streptococci were isolated. The patient responded to a combination of intravenous penicillin G potassium and gentamicin sulfate therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case ...
Corrall C J - - 1982
A black male adolescent with intact cellular and humoral immunity developed Aspergillus flavus-caused osteomyelitis involving the right tibial epiphysis following penetrating injury to that area. There was an apparent cure following amphotericin B therapy for six weeks. The clinical, pathologic, and therapeutic features of this case are described and compared ...
Tack K J - - 1982
Four cases of Aspergillus osteomyelitis are presented and the world literature is reviewed, for a total of 19 cases. Aspergillus osteomyelitis is largely a disease of immunosuppressed hosts, although wound and other infections in "normal" hosts are seen. In children, contiguous spread from an adjacent pulmonary infection is most common, ...
Hammerschlag M R - - 1982
A case is reported of isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis in an 11-year-old girl without any detectable underlying disease. The patient was successfully treated for six weeks with intravenous amphotericin B and oral 5-flucytosine. There is only one other case of cryptococcal osteomyelitis reported in the English medical literature in a child. ...
Bale R N - - 1981
During a 2-year follow-up interview, 272 male veteran heroin addicts reported their recent heroin use and provided a urine sample. Eighty-four percent of those reporting no heroin use in the 3 months preceding the interview, and 78% of those declaring no use in the previous week had urines found negative ...
Fleisher G R - - 1980
Three children are described with osteomyelitis confirmed by roentgenogram, blood culture, bone culture, and/or histologic findings. None had an abnormal technetium scintigram. Despite the lack of falsely normal bone scans for osteomyelitis reported in the literature, our cases demonstrate the importance of instituting antibiotic therapy on the basis of clinical ...
Robson M C - - 1980
This case of successfully managed clinical tetanus following osteomyelitis of a minimally fractured zygoma serves to remind us to consider the possibility of this diagnosis even in an apparently uncomplicated facial wound. The prodromal and clinical signs of tetanus in this case are classical. Early recognition of the disease and ...
Rabe W C - - 1980
Chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis has been frequently described in the literature but little has been recommended for the management of the resistant cases that fail to respond to conservative treatment. This report describes the long term management of a particularly aggressive case of CSO and indicates maxillary sinus disease as a ...
Mittapalli M R - - 1979
Roentgenographic examination of the sternum is particularly difficult and offers little clinical assistance in the early stage of acute osteomyelitis. With only a few cases of primary sternal osteomyelitis reported, there are almost no data available regarding the role of bone scan in the diagnosis of this lesion. The present ...
Steinberg G G - - 1979
This is a case report on bipartite trapezium in a 12-year-old girl that presented as a painless protrusion at the base of the first metacarpal bone associated with an adduction contracture of the thumb. This seems to be the first such case to have been reported in an adolescent. The ...
Shipley J A - - 1979
The clinical and laboratory features of a case of myositis ossificans progressiva are described, and the recent literature concerning the pathogenesis and treatment of the condition is briefly reviewed.
Cartlidge I J - - 1979
A case of haematogenous osteomyelitis of the medical first metatarsal sesamoid is presented and the differential diagnosis discussed. Review of the literature suggests that the condition is rarely seen and tends to present in childhood and adolescence. This contrasts with metatarsal sesamoid osteomyelitis due to direct spread of infection, which ...
Brackmann D E - - 1979
We reviewed 106 cases in which PlastiPoreTM prostheses were used for ossicular reconstruction. In all cases a piece of cartilage was interposed between the prosthesis and the tympanic membrane graft to prevent the potential problem of prosthesis extrusion. With total ossicular replacement prostheses (TORPs) 55% closed to within 10 db ...
Echeverria J - - 1978
A case of multifocal tuberculous osteomyelitis is reported. The lesions were found in the skull and ribs in a 10 year old girl with pulmonary tuberculosis and with tuberculous lymphadenitis. Complete healing was achieved under chemotherapy. Although radiologically the lesions appear "cystic", their true nature is that of granulomatous--caseous tuberculous ...
Oill P A - - 1978
Osteomyelitis in adults due to Haemophilus influenzae is exceedingly rare. We report a case of H. influenzae type b vertebral osteomyelitis in an adult. Review of the English literature reveals one other adult patient with H. influenzae osteomyelitis, and sporadic pediatric cases. Although a variety of predisposing host resistance factors ...
Raff M J - - 1978
We have presented eight case histories of patients with anaerobic osteomyelitis and have reviewed an additional 193 cases from the world literature. The incidence, predisposing factors, clinical localization, bacteriology, modes of presentation and natural history of anaerobic osteomyelitis are discussed. This disease entity appears to be more common than has ...
Kapoor S - - 1977
Clinical, radiological, and microbiological features of seven cases of osteomyelitis involving the orbital parts of the frontal, the maxillary, and the zygomatic bones are described. The cases were managed with antibiotics, curettage, and sequestrectomy. Problems in the correction of deformities due to circatrization are discussed. It is observed that a ...
Burney D P - - 1977
A 35-year-old man developed salmonella pleural empyema during a three-month illness. Cultures of the empyema fluid yielded S enteritidis, serotype typhimurium. Cure was achieved by decortication and obliteration of the pleural empyema space, in combination with chloramphenicol therapy given parenterally. Review of the published reports revealed eight similar instances of ...
Dich V Q - - 1975
One hundred sixty-three cases of osteomyelitis in infants and children were seen at our hospital during the past 15 years. There were twice as many boys as girls. Staphylococcus aureus was the major etiologic agent, being identified in 61% of the cases. Gram-negative bacteria were responsible for only 14 cases ...
Sinoff C L - - 1975
Tuberculous osteomyelitis of the ribs is a rare condition. This report describes a circumscribed tuberculous lesion of the rib shaft which presented as an abscess of the chest wall. The management is described and the literature is briefly reviewed.
Ward J M - - 1975
Infection due to opportunist mycobacteria is considered in general and that due to the fast growing mycobacteria in particular. The group is now seen to contain two facultative pathogens, M. fortuitum and M. chelonei (abscessus), all other synonyms for these two species having been shown to be invalid. Both organisms ...
Hedström S A - - 1975
During an 8-year period, 30 patients with gas-producing infections were admitted for treatment of hyperbaric oxygen. Infection was a consequence of trauma and operation in 26 cases and a complication of other diseases in 4 cases. The definitive diagnoses were clostridial myositis in 12 cases, clostridial cellulitis in 7, non-clostridial ...
Chapple P A - - 1972
Follow-up of 108 opiate addicts for a period of six to seven years showed that 35 were still being prescribed opiates, 25 were off drugs, 19 were dead, and for 29 it was not certain whether they were on or off drugs. Most patients who came off drugs did so ...
Hughes M H - - 1971
The second patient with Arizona gastroenteritis to be diagnosed in Britain had just returned from the United States, where his illness began.
Haridas, Avinash
Osteomyelitis of the odontoid process is a rare disease and Staphylococcus aureus is the usual causative organism. We present a case caused by a synergistic infection with Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus mirabilis, which has not been reported previously. A high index of suspicion is required for diagnosis, and early institution ...
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