Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 355
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Collazos J - - 2001
A case of Aspergillus prosthetic graft infection is reported here, accompanied by a review of the literature on this topic. The literature search revealed only 13 other cases reported to date. This infection is usually acquired through contamination at the time of surgery and affects immunocompetent patients. Aspergillus fumigatus is ...
Burton J L - - 2001
AIMS: Tubal ectopic hydatidiform moles are rare lesions, and only 40 cases have been reported in the world literature. We investigated the apparently high incidence of tubal ectopic hydatidiform moles in women referred for treatment to a Supraregional Trophoblastic Tumour Screening and Treatment Centre between 1986 and 1996. METHODS AND ...
Uner H B - - 2001
There are different kinds of types of firearms used worldwide and of different origin. This case note evaluates the mole gun, which cannot be found in the literature. This simple gun, which is usually used in the fields against moles, was used in an apartment as a trap against burglars. ...
Sandoe J A - - 2001
Enterococcus raffinosus is a rare isolate in clinical specimens. A case of vertebral osteomyelitis caused by E. raffinosus in an elderly patient is described and confirms this organism to be an opportunistic human pathogen.
Bathi R J - - 2000
Pyknodysostosis is a rare sclerosing bone disorder that has an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by short stature, brachycephaly, short and stubby fingers, open cranial sutures and fontanelle, and diffuse osteosclerosis, where multiple fractures of long bones and osteomyelitis of the jaw are frequent complications. We present a report ...
Robinson L G - - 2000
Tale of a Toothpick is a case of Eikenella corrodens osteomyelitis in a young woman, that resulted from puncture of her foot with a toothpick. The epidemiology, microbiology, common clinical presentations and therapy of E. corrodens are reviewed. A brief summary of the extent of toothpick injuries and their infectious ...
Oulis C - - 2000
Garre's osteomyelitis is a type of chronic osteomyelitis that primarily affects children and adolescents. Although the disease is well described in the dental literature and is usually associated with an odontogenic infection resulting from caries, a number of other causative factors have been occasionally reported, such as a dental extraction ...
Chambers J B - - 2000
Patients with sickle cell disease have been documented to be particularly susceptible to osteoarticular infections. Controversy exists concerning the bacteriology, etiology, and clinical presentation in differentiating osteoarticular infections from bone infarct. We retrospectively reviewed all cases from our institution over the past 22 years of osteoarticular infections in children who ...
Erer B - - 2000
Patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation are profoundly immunosuppressed as a result of their intensive myeloablative chemotherapy and are at high risk for opportunistic fungal infections mainly caused by Candida spp and Aspergillus spp. Trichosporon beigelii (T beigelii) has emerged as a life-threatening opportunistic pathogen in granulocytopenic and immunocompromised hosts and ...
Nowinski R J - - 2000
Salmonella osteomyelitis is a rare condition that has been associated with patients having hemoglobinopathies or immunosuppression. Healthy patients with no underlying medical history have been known to have Salmonella osteomyelitis develop. Salmonella infection secondary to reptile exposure is an increasing condition in the United States. Several manifestations of salmonellosis have ...
Danesh-Clough T - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of Mycobacterium xenopi. OBJECTIVES: To present a case report of a vertebral osteomyelitis caused by M. xenopi and to review the world literature on the subject. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: M. xenopi is most commonly a pulmonary pathogen in immunosuppressed patients or those with underlying ...
Tomaino M M - - 2000
Restoration of digital extension after chronic extensor loss has not been detailed extensively in the literature. The present report details an unusual case of composite tissue loss from the dorsum of the hand after a chronic burn wound. After debridement for chronic carpal osteomyelitis and free-tissue transfer were performed, staged ...
Kam W L - - 2000
Tuberculous osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease entity. We report two cases of tuberculous infection of the scapula, one involving the acromion and one involving the body of the scapula. Tuberculosis is still an important differential diagnosis in unusual or chronic bone conditions.
Kornbleuth S - - 1999
White superficial onychomycosis in immunocompetent patients is most commonly due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and almost exclusively involves the toenail. We present a unique case of an otherwise healthy patient with white superficial onychomycosis involving the fingernail caused by T. rubrum.
Kuo S B - - 1999
Florid osseous dysplasia (FOD) is a benign, non-neoplastic lesion characterized by multiple sclerosing masses only within the jawbones. It is most prevalent in middle-aged black women but uncommon in Orientals. Most cases are asymptomatic and should be left untreated. However, the jawbone involved in FOD is very susceptible to infection, ...
Sirakov N - - 1999
A patient with osteomyelitis and abnormal localization of the changes is presented--left sterno-clavicular joint, the medial parts of the clavicular bone and the first rib, as well as the manubrium sterni. General and target radiography, tomography and chest CT-scan were performed. The reported case is of interest because of the ...
Young W F - - 1999
A case of isolated pyogenic osteomyelitis of the odontoid process is reported. Diagnosis was made using magnetic resonance imaging. Aggressive treatment, including transoral drainage of the abscess, antibiotics and cervical immobilization, resulted in a successful outcome. A review of the world's literature revealed only 15 previous reports of this rare ...
Haddad P - - 1999
Addiction/dependence is a syndrome in which the hallmark is a compulsive pattern of drug use. Most authorities do not regard antidepressants as causing addiction but this has been challenged. This debate is explored drawing on case reports and related clinical and pharmacological data. An extensive literature review identified 21 English ...
Mader R - - 1999
Osteitis pubis (OP) is a term used to describe an entity characterised by severe pelvic pain, a wide-based gait and bony destruction of the margins of the pubic symphysis. It is usually assumed that OP is a non-infectious, self-limiting, relatively benign condition. Infectious osteomyelitis of the symphysis pubis (IOSP) is ...
Guerra C E - - 1998
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, is one of the most effective agents in the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. BCG osteomyelitis is an infrequent complication of intravesicular BCG therapy; only five cases of BCG vertebral osteomyelitis have been reported in the literature. Similarly, the infection of ...
Raftopoulos I - - 1998
A case of cryptococcal rib osteomyelitis in a pediatric patient is described. Isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis in pediatric patients is a rare entity, and only 10 cases have been reported in the literature. The radiological findings are reviewed to include chest films, nuclear bone scan, and computed tomographic imaging scan. Because ...
Choi G S - - 1998
A 39-year-old woman had a three-year history of recurrent bullous eruption localized to her left cheek. The diagnosis of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita was confirmed by means of direct immunofluorescence and direct immunoelectron microscopic studies performed on the perilesional salt-split skin. Topical corticosteroid treatment reduced pruritus and bullae formation. This case ...
van Merkesteyn J P - - 1997
Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible is often considered difficult to treat and may lead to refractory osteomyelitis. Sixteen patients with chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible were treated with a relatively simple protocol, consisting of sequestrectomy or decortication and i.v. antimicrobial therapy for one week, followed by oral penicillin ...
Babinchak T J - - 1997
Lone pyogenic involvement of the posterior elements of the vertebrae is a rare event. We present two cases of isolated lumbar vertebral infection of the posterior elements and review 13 cases previously reported in the literature. Clinical presentation, laboratory and radiographic findings, microbiological etiology, and treatment were evaluated. Back pain, ...
Lowden C M - - 1997
Osteomyelitis of the clavicle is a rare condition that is difficult to diagnose. We have reviewed five cases of acute staphylococcal osteomyelitis of the clavicle that have been collected over a 3-year period in our center. All patients had pain, fever, and swelling over the clavicle. All had a raised ...
Olaitan A A - - 1997
We report 16 cases of osteomyelitis of the mandible in patients with sickle cell disease, an incidence of 5% of all patients who presented with osteomyelitis of the jaws. There was a striking predominance of men (13/16, 81%). The mean age at presentation was 23 years. The pathogens were predominantly ...
Javed S - - 1997
Metastases to the small bones of the hands and feet are rare. Most cases represent a manifestation of known malignancy with disseminated disease. In the absence of known malignancy, their features can be misleading causing a delay in diagnosis. We report an unusual presentation of metastatic lung cancer mimicking osteomyelitis ...
Gatto J - - 1997
A case of primary vertebral osteomyelitis due to an opportunistic fungus, Pseudallescheria boydii, in a child with acute myeloid leukemia, is reported. To our knowledge this is the first such case in a child, and only the second reported case in the international literature of primary spinal osteomyelitis due to ...
Rahn K A - - 1997
It is unusual for osteomyelitis of the sesamoid bones to occur after a puncture wound to the foot. When the puncture occurs through tennis shoes, the risk of Pseudomonas infection is increased. Pseudomonas was the causative organism in 7 of 22 cases reported in the literature. This report will explore ...
Flygare L - - 1997
A case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis in a 14-year-old girl is presented. The disease had an initial aggressive osteolytic appearance involving both the maxilla and the mandible. Conservative treatment with minimal surgical intervention has been successful in this case during a 2-year follow-up period. The value of magnetic resonance ...
Kumlin U - - 1997
Cryptococcus neoformans is a rarely reported cause of osteomyelitis. In most cases, no obvious underlying condition is found. Immunological laboratory data, however, are not generally available. In the present case of cryptococcal osteomyelitis, idiopathic CD4 lymphopenia was detected. This immunodeficiency is found in cases of disseminated cryptococcosis by chance. Possibly, ...
Cottalorda J - - 1997
We report a case of salmonella spondylitis in an adolescent without sickle cell disease or any history of salmonella gastroenteritis. The infecting organism (cultured from material aspirated from the bone lesion) was Salmonella enterica serovar Newport. With nonoperative treatment, evolution was favorable.
Hanada T - - 1996
A 41-year-old Japanese woman complained of a gradually enlarging swelling of her left cheek for seven months. She was diagnosed with osteopetrosis by standard skeletal radiographs, and her cheek swelling was diagnosed as maxillary osteomyelitis secondary to osteopetrosis. She underwent a left partial maxillectomy, and her post-operative course was stable ...
Hern J D - - 1996
Malignant otitis externa is a necrotising infection of the external ear canal which may spread to include the mastoid and petrous parts of the temporal bone, leading to skull base osteomyelitis. It is almost exclusively caused by infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and usually occurs in elderly non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. However ...
Aluisio F V - - 1996
Acute hematogenous salmonella osteomyelitis is rare among immunocompetent adults. In this study, the authors reported an unusual case of salmonella enteriditis osteomyelitis of the humerus complicated by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus superinfection and eventual chronic osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent host. Resection of the humeral head and a significant portion of the ...
Curran M P - - 1996
STUDY DESIGN: A case report and literature review of the five previous case reports. OBJECTIVES: To outline the features of Torulopsis glabrata spinal osteomyelitis, including its risk factors, diagnosis, and recommended treatments. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Fungal infections in general and Torulopsis glabrata in particular are becoming increasingly prevalent. Involvement ...
Rüchel R - - 1995
Scedosporium apiospermum, an anamorph of Pseudallescheria boydii, is a hyalohyphomycete which can be mistaken, histologically, for Aspergillus. S. apiospermum is clinically distinguished by resistance to most antifungals and its ability to cause invasive mycoses in immunocompetent patients. Here we present a typical case of lethal cerebral Pseudallescheria mycosis in a ...
Weil B J - - 1995
PURPOSE: Review a case of Salmonella infection in a young adult related to handling of an infected iguana. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Most cases of Salmonella infection related to handling of reptiles have occurred in children. We report a case of Salmonella diarrhea in a 19-year-old male who kept a ...
Boc S F - - 1995
A case study has been presented where C. jeikeium was isolated as the causative bacterium of an osteomyelitis of the fifth metatarsal. Partial amputation, local wound care, frequent and aggressive debridement, and appropriate antibiotics were all used with apparent success. The lack of complete patient follow-up prohibits the authors from ...
Ring D - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: This is a report of a case. OBJECTIVE: To document the occurrence and characteristics of vertebral osteomyelitis after blunt traumatic esophageal perforation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral osteomyelitis in association with esophageal rupture has been reported after penetrating, but not blunt traumatic injuries. METHODS: All of the listed ...
O'Driscoll J C - - 1995
An unusual case of discitis and vertebral osteomyelitis due to Haemophilus aphrophilus is described. Infections due to this organism have usually responded to treatment with beta-lactam antibiotics. However, our isolate was resistant to third-generation cephalosporins which has not been reported previously in the world literature. The patient made a good ...
Ylikontiola L - - 1994
Identical female twins with chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible are presented. The diagnoses of both at the age of 12 years were based on typical history, and on clinical, radiographic, and histologic findings. High concentrations of IgA and IgG were detected in the serum of both patients, but deviations ...
Korovessis P - - 1994
STUDY DESIGN: A very rare case of Aspergillus fumigatus osteomyelitis of the spine is described. The differential diagnosis, medical and operative treatment, and follow-up evaluation are reported. OBJECTIVES: To increase knowledge about the pathogenesis and treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis resulting from Aspergillus and to emphasize that such cases still exist. ...
Scanlan D R - - 1994
Osteomyelitis caused solely by an anaerobic organism is uncommon. We report a case of recurrent Clostridium bifermentans bacteremia resulting in metastatic osteomyelitis involving the sacrum, spine, and ribs. The emergence of resistance of this organism to imipenem and metronidazole is noteworthy because of the usual susceptibility of clostridial species to ...
Suei Y - - 1994
A patient with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is presented for the first time in the dental literature. On the basis of the initial diagnosis of diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible, the clinical course was protracted and refractory to surgical and antibiotic therapies. The literature is reviewed to evaluate the ...
Goel S - - 1994
A case of plasmacytoma arising from the hyoid bone is described, this is a distinctly unusual site, as the marrow-containing flat bones are more commonly affected. On a review of the literature this appears to be the first report of plasmacytoma occurring in the hyoid bone. The patient underwent a ...
Gormley W - - 1994
The number of case reports concerning anterior atlantoaxial osteomyelitis has increased in the past decade. Although previously considered rare, this particular disease has become more prevalent for several reasons, including the increase in the elderly population, which is generally more susceptible to infectious problems. It is, therefore, imperative for physicians ...
Faidas A - - 1994
Retropharyngeal abscess as a manifestation of nontuberculous cervical vertebral osteomyelitis in adults has been described rarely in the literature. We report a case of cervical vertebral osteomyelitis that was caused by Staphylococcus aureus and that presented as a retropharyngeal abscess in a 66-year-old man. In addition, we review related cases.
Shukla P C - - 1994
Primary sternal osteomyelitis is a rare condition. Most of the recent cases have been reported in intravenous drug abusers. A case of primary sternal osteomyelitis with no apparent risk factors is reported. Diagnosing sternal osteomyelitis can be difficult, but failure to clinically recognize this type of infection in its early ...
Al Soub H - - 1994
Twenty-eight cases of vertebral osteomyelitis were diagnosed at Hamad General Hospital in Qatar between January 1988 and December 1991: 16 (57.2%) cases were tuberculous spondylitis, 6 (21.4%) Brucella spondylitis, 3 (10.7%) Staphylococcus aureus spondylitis, 2 (7.1%) Salmonella spondylitis, and 1 (3.6%) Pseudomonas cepacia spondylitis. Plain vertebral x-ray films and CT ...
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