Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 342
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Kornbleuth S - - 1999
White superficial onychomycosis in immunocompetent patients is most commonly due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and almost exclusively involves the toenail. We present a unique case of an otherwise healthy patient with white superficial onychomycosis involving the fingernail caused by T. rubrum.
Kuo S B - - 1999
Florid osseous dysplasia (FOD) is a benign, non-neoplastic lesion characterized by multiple sclerosing masses only within the jawbones. It is most prevalent in middle-aged black women but uncommon in Orientals. Most cases are asymptomatic and should be left untreated. However, the jawbone involved in FOD is very susceptible to infection, ...
Sirakov N - - 1999
A patient with osteomyelitis and abnormal localization of the changes is presented--left sterno-clavicular joint, the medial parts of the clavicular bone and the first rib, as well as the manubrium sterni. General and target radiography, tomography and chest CT-scan were performed. The reported case is of interest because of the ...
Young W F - - 1999
A case of isolated pyogenic osteomyelitis of the odontoid process is reported. Diagnosis was made using magnetic resonance imaging. Aggressive treatment, including transoral drainage of the abscess, antibiotics and cervical immobilization, resulted in a successful outcome. A review of the world's literature revealed only 15 previous reports of this rare ...
Haddad P - - 1999
Addiction/dependence is a syndrome in which the hallmark is a compulsive pattern of drug use. Most authorities do not regard antidepressants as causing addiction but this has been challenged. This debate is explored drawing on case reports and related clinical and pharmacological data. An extensive literature review identified 21 English ...
Mader R - - 1999
Osteitis pubis (OP) is a term used to describe an entity characterised by severe pelvic pain, a wide-based gait and bony destruction of the margins of the pubic symphysis. It is usually assumed that OP is a non-infectious, self-limiting, relatively benign condition. Infectious osteomyelitis of the symphysis pubis (IOSP) is ...
Guerra C E - - 1998
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, is one of the most effective agents in the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. BCG osteomyelitis is an infrequent complication of intravesicular BCG therapy; only five cases of BCG vertebral osteomyelitis have been reported in the literature. Similarly, the infection of ...
Raftopoulos I - - 1998
A case of cryptococcal rib osteomyelitis in a pediatric patient is described. Isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis in pediatric patients is a rare entity, and only 10 cases have been reported in the literature. The radiological findings are reviewed to include chest films, nuclear bone scan, and computed tomographic imaging scan. Because ...
Choi G S - - 1998
A 39-year-old woman had a three-year history of recurrent bullous eruption localized to her left cheek. The diagnosis of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita was confirmed by means of direct immunofluorescence and direct immunoelectron microscopic studies performed on the perilesional salt-split skin. Topical corticosteroid treatment reduced pruritus and bullae formation. This case ...
van Merkesteyn J P - - 1997
Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible is often considered difficult to treat and may lead to refractory osteomyelitis. Sixteen patients with chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible were treated with a relatively simple protocol, consisting of sequestrectomy or decortication and i.v. antimicrobial therapy for one week, followed by oral penicillin ...
Babinchak T J - - 1997
Lone pyogenic involvement of the posterior elements of the vertebrae is a rare event. We present two cases of isolated lumbar vertebral infection of the posterior elements and review 13 cases previously reported in the literature. Clinical presentation, laboratory and radiographic findings, microbiological etiology, and treatment were evaluated. Back pain, ...
Lowden C M - - 1997
Osteomyelitis of the clavicle is a rare condition that is difficult to diagnose. We have reviewed five cases of acute staphylococcal osteomyelitis of the clavicle that have been collected over a 3-year period in our center. All patients had pain, fever, and swelling over the clavicle. All had a raised ...
Olaitan A A - - 1997
We report 16 cases of osteomyelitis of the mandible in patients with sickle cell disease, an incidence of 5% of all patients who presented with osteomyelitis of the jaws. There was a striking predominance of men (13/16, 81%). The mean age at presentation was 23 years. The pathogens were predominantly ...
Javed S - - 1997
Metastases to the small bones of the hands and feet are rare. Most cases represent a manifestation of known malignancy with disseminated disease. In the absence of known malignancy, their features can be misleading causing a delay in diagnosis. We report an unusual presentation of metastatic lung cancer mimicking osteomyelitis ...
Gatto J - - 1997
A case of primary vertebral osteomyelitis due to an opportunistic fungus, Pseudallescheria boydii, in a child with acute myeloid leukemia, is reported. To our knowledge this is the first such case in a child, and only the second reported case in the international literature of primary spinal osteomyelitis due to ...
Rahn K A - - 1997
It is unusual for osteomyelitis of the sesamoid bones to occur after a puncture wound to the foot. When the puncture occurs through tennis shoes, the risk of Pseudomonas infection is increased. Pseudomonas was the causative organism in 7 of 22 cases reported in the literature. This report will explore ...
Flygare L - - 1997
A case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis in a 14-year-old girl is presented. The disease had an initial aggressive osteolytic appearance involving both the maxilla and the mandible. Conservative treatment with minimal surgical intervention has been successful in this case during a 2-year follow-up period. The value of magnetic resonance ...
Kumlin U - - 1997
Cryptococcus neoformans is a rarely reported cause of osteomyelitis. In most cases, no obvious underlying condition is found. Immunological laboratory data, however, are not generally available. In the present case of cryptococcal osteomyelitis, idiopathic CD4 lymphopenia was detected. This immunodeficiency is found in cases of disseminated cryptococcosis by chance. Possibly, ...
Cottalorda J - - 1997
We report a case of salmonella spondylitis in an adolescent without sickle cell disease or any history of salmonella gastroenteritis. The infecting organism (cultured from material aspirated from the bone lesion) was Salmonella enterica serovar Newport. With nonoperative treatment, evolution was favorable.
Hanada T - - 1996
A 41-year-old Japanese woman complained of a gradually enlarging swelling of her left cheek for seven months. She was diagnosed with osteopetrosis by standard skeletal radiographs, and her cheek swelling was diagnosed as maxillary osteomyelitis secondary to osteopetrosis. She underwent a left partial maxillectomy, and her post-operative course was stable ...
Hern J D - - 1996
Malignant otitis externa is a necrotising infection of the external ear canal which may spread to include the mastoid and petrous parts of the temporal bone, leading to skull base osteomyelitis. It is almost exclusively caused by infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and usually occurs in elderly non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. However ...
Aluisio F V - - 1996
Acute hematogenous salmonella osteomyelitis is rare among immunocompetent adults. In this study, the authors reported an unusual case of salmonella enteriditis osteomyelitis of the humerus complicated by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus superinfection and eventual chronic osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent host. Resection of the humeral head and a significant portion of the ...
Curran M P - - 1996
STUDY DESIGN: A case report and literature review of the five previous case reports. OBJECTIVES: To outline the features of Torulopsis glabrata spinal osteomyelitis, including its risk factors, diagnosis, and recommended treatments. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Fungal infections in general and Torulopsis glabrata in particular are becoming increasingly prevalent. Involvement ...
Rüchel R - - 1995
Scedosporium apiospermum, an anamorph of Pseudallescheria boydii, is a hyalohyphomycete which can be mistaken, histologically, for Aspergillus. S. apiospermum is clinically distinguished by resistance to most antifungals and its ability to cause invasive mycoses in immunocompetent patients. Here we present a typical case of lethal cerebral Pseudallescheria mycosis in a ...
Weil B J - - 1995
PURPOSE: Review a case of Salmonella infection in a young adult related to handling of an infected iguana. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Most cases of Salmonella infection related to handling of reptiles have occurred in children. We report a case of Salmonella diarrhea in a 19-year-old male who kept a ...
Boc S F - - 1995
A case study has been presented where C. jeikeium was isolated as the causative bacterium of an osteomyelitis of the fifth metatarsal. Partial amputation, local wound care, frequent and aggressive debridement, and appropriate antibiotics were all used with apparent success. The lack of complete patient follow-up prohibits the authors from ...
Ring D - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: This is a report of a case. OBJECTIVE: To document the occurrence and characteristics of vertebral osteomyelitis after blunt traumatic esophageal perforation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral osteomyelitis in association with esophageal rupture has been reported after penetrating, but not blunt traumatic injuries. METHODS: All of the listed ...
O'Driscoll J C - - 1995
An unusual case of discitis and vertebral osteomyelitis due to Haemophilus aphrophilus is described. Infections due to this organism have usually responded to treatment with beta-lactam antibiotics. However, our isolate was resistant to third-generation cephalosporins which has not been reported previously in the world literature. The patient made a good ...
Ylikontiola L - - 1994
Identical female twins with chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible are presented. The diagnoses of both at the age of 12 years were based on typical history, and on clinical, radiographic, and histologic findings. High concentrations of IgA and IgG were detected in the serum of both patients, but deviations ...
Korovessis P - - 1994
STUDY DESIGN: A very rare case of Aspergillus fumigatus osteomyelitis of the spine is described. The differential diagnosis, medical and operative treatment, and follow-up evaluation are reported. OBJECTIVES: To increase knowledge about the pathogenesis and treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis resulting from Aspergillus and to emphasize that such cases still exist. ...
Scanlan D R - - 1994
Osteomyelitis caused solely by an anaerobic organism is uncommon. We report a case of recurrent Clostridium bifermentans bacteremia resulting in metastatic osteomyelitis involving the sacrum, spine, and ribs. The emergence of resistance of this organism to imipenem and metronidazole is noteworthy because of the usual susceptibility of clostridial species to ...
Suei Y - - 1994
A patient with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is presented for the first time in the dental literature. On the basis of the initial diagnosis of diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible, the clinical course was protracted and refractory to surgical and antibiotic therapies. The literature is reviewed to evaluate the ...
Goel S - - 1994
A case of plasmacytoma arising from the hyoid bone is described, this is a distinctly unusual site, as the marrow-containing flat bones are more commonly affected. On a review of the literature this appears to be the first report of plasmacytoma occurring in the hyoid bone. The patient underwent a ...
Gormley W - - 1994
The number of case reports concerning anterior atlantoaxial osteomyelitis has increased in the past decade. Although previously considered rare, this particular disease has become more prevalent for several reasons, including the increase in the elderly population, which is generally more susceptible to infectious problems. It is, therefore, imperative for physicians ...
Faidas A - - 1994
Retropharyngeal abscess as a manifestation of nontuberculous cervical vertebral osteomyelitis in adults has been described rarely in the literature. We report a case of cervical vertebral osteomyelitis that was caused by Staphylococcus aureus and that presented as a retropharyngeal abscess in a 66-year-old man. In addition, we review related cases.
Shukla P C - - 1994
Primary sternal osteomyelitis is a rare condition. Most of the recent cases have been reported in intravenous drug abusers. A case of primary sternal osteomyelitis with no apparent risk factors is reported. Diagnosing sternal osteomyelitis can be difficult, but failure to clinically recognize this type of infection in its early ...
Al Soub H - - 1994
Twenty-eight cases of vertebral osteomyelitis were diagnosed at Hamad General Hospital in Qatar between January 1988 and December 1991: 16 (57.2%) cases were tuberculous spondylitis, 6 (21.4%) Brucella spondylitis, 3 (10.7%) Staphylococcus aureus spondylitis, 2 (7.1%) Salmonella spondylitis, and 1 (3.6%) Pseudomonas cepacia spondylitis. Plain vertebral x-ray films and CT ...
Stewart A - - 1994
We present the case of a patient with primary chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible, the radiological appearance of which is compatible with a diagnosis of chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis. The accompanying femoral and tibial periosteal reactive new bone formation and the benign clinical course suggest that this presentation may represent a ...
Maat-Kievit J A - - 1994
A patient is reported with the association of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum and situs inversus. Conditions with overlapping features and previously reported conditions associated with the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum are reviewed. These conditions, as well as the reported association of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum and situs inversus can probably be seen as a ...
Weinberg W G - - 1993
A previously well 59-year-old man developed necrotizing, invasive cellulitis and subsequent osteomyelitis at what was judged to be the site of a bite or sting. The pathogen isolated was Apophysomyces elegans. Eventually, in addition to treatment with intravenous amphotericin B, en bloc resection was required for cure. Only six previous ...
Jeffers M D - - 1993
This retrospective study reports the incidence of hydatidiform mole in a population of 19,457 pregnancies over a 3-year period. During the study period all "products of conception" from first and second trimester abortions were referred for pathological examination. Coded histologic sections were reviewed using the published histologic criteria for hydatidiform ...
Sexton D J - - 1993
Osteitis pubis is a painful inflammatory process resulting in bony destruction of the margins of the symphysis pubis. Despite six decades of speculation, the pathogenesis of, criteria for diagnosis of, natural history of, and optimal therapy for osteitis pubis remain controversial. We present four cases of postoperative pubic osteomyelitis that ...
Flaisler F - - 1993
We describe an additional case of focal myositis presenting as a painful pseudotumor of the lower leg. Surgical biopsy showed typical features of myositis; the disease improved spontaneously, without clinical or biological abnormalities. Focal myositis can remain a localized process, but in some cases it can become an authentic polymyositis. ...
Raab M G - - 1993
A debilitated 73-year-old white man was diagnosed with back pain secondary to acute hematogenous Eikenella corrodens vertebral osteomyelitis on the basis of history and physical examination, radiographs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and open biopsy of the L3 vertebral body. A rare cause of vertebral osteomyelitis, possibly reported only once ...
Piehl F C - - 1993
Records of the Sickle Cell Clinics of the South Carolina Children's Rehabilitative Services from 1977 to 1990 were analyzed for cases of osteomyelitis. Cases included in the study demonstrated either positive bone cultures or blood cultures with correlating radiographs. Seven hundred seventeen charts were reviewed, and 16 cases of osteomyelitis ...
Cobos J A - - 1993
Few cases of osteomyelitis caused by Salmonella typhi in nonsickle cell patients have been reported. In a 33-year-old woman with a history of chronic, intermittent drainage of the right lower leg, roentgenographs indicated middiaphyseal osteomyelitis of the fibula. Bone cultures obtained at surgical debridement grew S. typhi. The patient responded ...
de Peretti F - - 1993
Thirteen subjects were randomly selected and embalmed according to Winckler's technique. After removal of the vertebral column and the head in one block the specimens were frozen. Transverse transpedicular cuts were performed at C6, T1, T6, L1, L3, and L5. After enlargement photography, the surface area of the vertebral foramen ...
Tang C - - 1993
The case of a 63-year-old man who developed Candida albicans osteomyelitis is reported. Because of renal impairment, fluconazole was chosen as treatment rather than amphotericin B. The patient made a full recovery. This is the first report of the successful use of fluconazole in the treatment of candidal osteomyelitis.
D'Hoore K - - 1993
A case of Aspergillus osteomyelitis of the spine is presented and the world literature is reviewed, for a total of 32 cases. Aspergillus osteomyelitis is rare, but the spine is most frequently affected. It can be induced hematogenously, by contiguity or by direct inoculation. Up to now medical treatment has ...
Shabb N - - 1993
Twenty-seven patients with eosinophilic granuloma (EG) of bone seen at our institution between 1979 and 1991 underwent fine-needle aspiration (FNA) with or without concurrent Tru-Cut biopsy. The 16 males and 11 females ranged in age from 2 1/2 to 61 years (median, 10 yr). Twenty-four patients had monostotic lesions. The ...
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