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Stratov I - - 2003
Presented here is a case of Aspergillus osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent patient that progressed despite surgery and prolonged treatment with liposomal amphotericin B; the report is followed by a review of the literature. The review of this case and 41 similar cases found an overall cure rate of 69%. The ...
Haridas Avinash - - 2003
Osteomyelitis of the odontoid process is a rare disease and Staphylococcus aureus is the usual causative organism. We present a case caused by a synergistic infection with Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus mirabilis, which has not been reported previously. A high index of suspicion is required for diagnosis, and early institution ...
Mohanty S - - 2003
We describe here the first case of Salmonella paratyphi A bacteremia associated with deep vein thrombosis in a 10-year-old patient. In spite of aggressive antibiotic therapy and supportive care, the patient died of progressive respiratory distress and septic shock. Awareness of unusual clinical presentation of Salmonella infection in important. A ...
Hayek Shlomo - - 2003
Osteomyelitis caused by atypical mycobacteria is rare in children. The majority of affected patients have had some kind of predisposing factor, namely a penetrating injury or surgery, or were immune-compromised. Our experience shows that this diagnosis should be considered in apparently healthy children as well. The use of polymerase chain ...
Heinemann Axel - - 2003
Forensic pathologists are increasingly confronted with the need of expertises, which refer to neglected prevention of pressure sores in cases of suspected malpractice. In Hamburg, Germany, a monitoring system for advanced grade decubitus was established by use of routine post mortem examinations before cremation. The trend of decubitus prevalence turned ...
Zvulunov Alex - - 2003
Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHOM) of the pelvis is a rare form of childhood osteomyelitis. Prompted by a recent case, we reviewed the 146 reported cases of pelvic AHOM published since 1966. Classical childhood AHOM of tubular bones usually occurs in older children (mean age, 8.1 y) as opposed to younger ...
Seravalli Laurent - - 2003
Due to the increase of the immunocompromised population, mucosal and systemic infections caused by Candida glabrata, formerly known as Torulopsis glabrata, have shown a recent significant increase. We present a case of C. glabrata vertebral osteomyelitis which required repeated surgical therapy, a complete L2 and L3 corporectomy and more than ...
Montoya Jean-Paul - - 2003
A case of Nocardia transvalensis osteomyelitis and cerebral abscesses is described. To the authors' knowledge, the patient described here represents the first reported case of primary N. transvalensis leg abscess with contiguous osteomyelitis of the femur and secondary brain abscesses. The literature on nocardial osteomyelitis and cerebral nocardiosis is reviewed, ...
Day Carolyn - - 2003
AIM: To examine the veracity of reports of a substantial decrease in the availability of heroin in Sydney in January 2001. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one injecting drug users (IDUs) and 10 key informants (KIs). FINDINGS: Almost all IDUs (93%) reported that heroin was harder to obtain ...
Bettin D - - 2002
Salmonella osteomyelitis without predisposing factors is seldom seen and thus difficult to diagnose. We report on a 14-year-old healthy boy with Salmonella osteomyelitis which occurred 2 years after trauma. Radical operative debridement is recommended. Intravenous ciprofloxacin has proved to be effective because of good tissue penetration and sensitivity towards Salmonella.
Chauvet E - - 2002
Symptomatic macroglossia occurs in some rare congenital muscle diseases, such as Becker's and Duchenne's dystrophies or Pompe's disease. Herein we describe a case of symptomatic macroglossia with myositis of the tongue occurring in a patient with polymyositis. Tongue myositis was evidenced by dysarthria, frequent biting during mastication, swallowing difficulties without ...
Rosenthal O - - 2002
Systemic infection due to Granulicatella (formerly Abiotrophia), a species of nutrition-deficient gram-positive cocci, is rare. We present the case of a 68-year-old diabetic male who presented with back pain and a history of fever and chills. Imaging studies revealed vertebral osteomyelitis of the Th 10/11 region. Transesophageal echocardiography disclosed a ...
Graat Harm C A - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A case of disseminated Nocardia farcinica infection with spine involvement is reported. OBJECTIVE: To describe the first case of Nocardia farcinica spinal osteomyelitis, and to propose spine instrumentation with debridement and multiple antibiotics for treatment of nocardia spinal osteomyelitis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Only 11 cases involving Nocardia ...
Karmazyn Boaz - - 2002
Os styloideum is an immobile bone protrusion, located on the dorsum of the wrist between the trapezoid, capitate, and the second and third metacarpals, which may be associated with wrist pain. It usually presents in adults after degenerative changes occur. We report a case of a 12-year-old girl who presented ...
Tóth Ferenc - - 2002
We report a case of Salmonella typhi osteomyelitis that presented as a pathologic fracture of the left femur and had additional silent manifestations in the right tibia and humerus in an otherwise healthy adult. This is the first report in the literature of multifocal simultaneous Salmonella osteomyelitis in an adult ...
Fletcher C L - - 2001
We report a case of eumycetoma due to Madurella mycetomatis affecting the left dorsal forefoot in a 35-year-old woman. She had spent her childhood in Jamaica, and had been resident in the U.K. for 20 years prior to her presentation. She gave a highly suggestive history for a mycetoma, having ...
Weese J S - - 2001
Salmonella Typhimurium definitive type 104 (DT104) has emerged as a common cause of salmonellosis in humans and cattle, yet previous reports involving horses are sparse. This study reports the emergence of DT104 as an important pathogen in horses in Ontario. The first clinical case of DT104 infection at the Ontario ...
Miller D J - - 2001
Candida species uncommonly cause vertebral osteomyelitis. We present a case of lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Candida albicans and review 59 cases of candidal vertebral osteomyelitis reported in the literature. The mean age was 50 years, and the lower thoracic or lumbar spine was involved in 95% of patients. Eighty-three ...
Pathak G - - 2001
Function preserving management of a dominant thumb metacarpal chondrosarcoma is reported, with a literature review for this uncommon neoplasm. Wide local excision of the metacarpal followed by temporary silicone block interposition and definitive iliac crest bone grafting was performed. A persistent wound defect was managed by a radial artery forearm ...
Collazos J - - 2001
A case of Aspergillus prosthetic graft infection is reported here, accompanied by a review of the literature on this topic. The literature search revealed only 13 other cases reported to date. This infection is usually acquired through contamination at the time of surgery and affects immunocompetent patients. Aspergillus fumigatus is ...
Burton J L - - 2001
AIMS: Tubal ectopic hydatidiform moles are rare lesions, and only 40 cases have been reported in the world literature. We investigated the apparently high incidence of tubal ectopic hydatidiform moles in women referred for treatment to a Supraregional Trophoblastic Tumour Screening and Treatment Centre between 1986 and 1996. METHODS AND ...
Uner H B - - 2001
There are different kinds of types of firearms used worldwide and of different origin. This case note evaluates the mole gun, which cannot be found in the literature. This simple gun, which is usually used in the fields against moles, was used in an apartment as a trap against burglars. ...
Sandoe J A - - 2001
Enterococcus raffinosus is a rare isolate in clinical specimens. A case of vertebral osteomyelitis caused by E. raffinosus in an elderly patient is described and confirms this organism to be an opportunistic human pathogen.
Bathi R J - - 2000
Pyknodysostosis is a rare sclerosing bone disorder that has an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by short stature, brachycephaly, short and stubby fingers, open cranial sutures and fontanelle, and diffuse osteosclerosis, where multiple fractures of long bones and osteomyelitis of the jaw are frequent complications. We present a report ...
Robinson L G - - 2000
Tale of a Toothpick is a case of Eikenella corrodens osteomyelitis in a young woman, that resulted from puncture of her foot with a toothpick. The epidemiology, microbiology, common clinical presentations and therapy of E. corrodens are reviewed. A brief summary of the extent of toothpick injuries and their infectious ...
Oulis C - - 2000
Garre's osteomyelitis is a type of chronic osteomyelitis that primarily affects children and adolescents. Although the disease is well described in the dental literature and is usually associated with an odontogenic infection resulting from caries, a number of other causative factors have been occasionally reported, such as a dental extraction ...
Chambers J B - - 2000
Patients with sickle cell disease have been documented to be particularly susceptible to osteoarticular infections. Controversy exists concerning the bacteriology, etiology, and clinical presentation in differentiating osteoarticular infections from bone infarct. We retrospectively reviewed all cases from our institution over the past 22 years of osteoarticular infections in children who ...
Erer B - - 2000
Patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation are profoundly immunosuppressed as a result of their intensive myeloablative chemotherapy and are at high risk for opportunistic fungal infections mainly caused by Candida spp and Aspergillus spp. Trichosporon beigelii (T beigelii) has emerged as a life-threatening opportunistic pathogen in granulocytopenic and immunocompromised hosts and ...
Nowinski R J - - 2000
Salmonella osteomyelitis is a rare condition that has been associated with patients having hemoglobinopathies or immunosuppression. Healthy patients with no underlying medical history have been known to have Salmonella osteomyelitis develop. Salmonella infection secondary to reptile exposure is an increasing condition in the United States. Several manifestations of salmonellosis have ...
Danesh-Clough T - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of Mycobacterium xenopi. OBJECTIVES: To present a case report of a vertebral osteomyelitis caused by M. xenopi and to review the world literature on the subject. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: M. xenopi is most commonly a pulmonary pathogen in immunosuppressed patients or those with underlying ...
Tomaino M M - - 2000
Restoration of digital extension after chronic extensor loss has not been detailed extensively in the literature. The present report details an unusual case of composite tissue loss from the dorsum of the hand after a chronic burn wound. After debridement for chronic carpal osteomyelitis and free-tissue transfer were performed, staged ...
Kam W L - - 2000
Tuberculous osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease entity. We report two cases of tuberculous infection of the scapula, one involving the acromion and one involving the body of the scapula. Tuberculosis is still an important differential diagnosis in unusual or chronic bone conditions.
Kornbleuth S - - 1999
White superficial onychomycosis in immunocompetent patients is most commonly due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and almost exclusively involves the toenail. We present a unique case of an otherwise healthy patient with white superficial onychomycosis involving the fingernail caused by T. rubrum.
Kuo S B - - 1999
Florid osseous dysplasia (FOD) is a benign, non-neoplastic lesion characterized by multiple sclerosing masses only within the jawbones. It is most prevalent in middle-aged black women but uncommon in Orientals. Most cases are asymptomatic and should be left untreated. However, the jawbone involved in FOD is very susceptible to infection, ...
Sirakov N - - 1999
A patient with osteomyelitis and abnormal localization of the changes is presented--left sterno-clavicular joint, the medial parts of the clavicular bone and the first rib, as well as the manubrium sterni. General and target radiography, tomography and chest CT-scan were performed. The reported case is of interest because of the ...
Young W F - - 1999
A case of isolated pyogenic osteomyelitis of the odontoid process is reported. Diagnosis was made using magnetic resonance imaging. Aggressive treatment, including transoral drainage of the abscess, antibiotics and cervical immobilization, resulted in a successful outcome. A review of the world's literature revealed only 15 previous reports of this rare ...
Haddad P - - 1999
Addiction/dependence is a syndrome in which the hallmark is a compulsive pattern of drug use. Most authorities do not regard antidepressants as causing addiction but this has been challenged. This debate is explored drawing on case reports and related clinical and pharmacological data. An extensive literature review identified 21 English ...
Mader R - - 1999
Osteitis pubis (OP) is a term used to describe an entity characterised by severe pelvic pain, a wide-based gait and bony destruction of the margins of the pubic symphysis. It is usually assumed that OP is a non-infectious, self-limiting, relatively benign condition. Infectious osteomyelitis of the symphysis pubis (IOSP) is ...
Guerra C E - - 1998
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, is one of the most effective agents in the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. BCG osteomyelitis is an infrequent complication of intravesicular BCG therapy; only five cases of BCG vertebral osteomyelitis have been reported in the literature. Similarly, the infection of ...
Raftopoulos I - - 1998
A case of cryptococcal rib osteomyelitis in a pediatric patient is described. Isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis in pediatric patients is a rare entity, and only 10 cases have been reported in the literature. The radiological findings are reviewed to include chest films, nuclear bone scan, and computed tomographic imaging scan. Because ...
Choi G S - - 1998
A 39-year-old woman had a three-year history of recurrent bullous eruption localized to her left cheek. The diagnosis of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita was confirmed by means of direct immunofluorescence and direct immunoelectron microscopic studies performed on the perilesional salt-split skin. Topical corticosteroid treatment reduced pruritus and bullae formation. This case ...
van Merkesteyn J P - - 1997
Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible is often considered difficult to treat and may lead to refractory osteomyelitis. Sixteen patients with chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible were treated with a relatively simple protocol, consisting of sequestrectomy or decortication and i.v. antimicrobial therapy for one week, followed by oral penicillin ...
Babinchak T J - - 1997
Lone pyogenic involvement of the posterior elements of the vertebrae is a rare event. We present two cases of isolated lumbar vertebral infection of the posterior elements and review 13 cases previously reported in the literature. Clinical presentation, laboratory and radiographic findings, microbiological etiology, and treatment were evaluated. Back pain, ...
Lowden C M - - 1997
Osteomyelitis of the clavicle is a rare condition that is difficult to diagnose. We have reviewed five cases of acute staphylococcal osteomyelitis of the clavicle that have been collected over a 3-year period in our center. All patients had pain, fever, and swelling over the clavicle. All had a raised ...
Olaitan A A - - 1997
We report 16 cases of osteomyelitis of the mandible in patients with sickle cell disease, an incidence of 5% of all patients who presented with osteomyelitis of the jaws. There was a striking predominance of men (13/16, 81%). The mean age at presentation was 23 years. The pathogens were predominantly ...
Javed S - - 1997
Metastases to the small bones of the hands and feet are rare. Most cases represent a manifestation of known malignancy with disseminated disease. In the absence of known malignancy, their features can be misleading causing a delay in diagnosis. We report an unusual presentation of metastatic lung cancer mimicking osteomyelitis ...
Gatto J - - 1997
A case of primary vertebral osteomyelitis due to an opportunistic fungus, Pseudallescheria boydii, in a child with acute myeloid leukemia, is reported. To our knowledge this is the first such case in a child, and only the second reported case in the international literature of primary spinal osteomyelitis due to ...
Rahn K A - - 1997
It is unusual for osteomyelitis of the sesamoid bones to occur after a puncture wound to the foot. When the puncture occurs through tennis shoes, the risk of Pseudomonas infection is increased. Pseudomonas was the causative organism in 7 of 22 cases reported in the literature. This report will explore ...
Flygare L - - 1997
A case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis in a 14-year-old girl is presented. The disease had an initial aggressive osteolytic appearance involving both the maxilla and the mandible. Conservative treatment with minimal surgical intervention has been successful in this case during a 2-year follow-up period. The value of magnetic resonance ...
Kumlin U - - 1997
Cryptococcus neoformans is a rarely reported cause of osteomyelitis. In most cases, no obvious underlying condition is found. Immunological laboratory data, however, are not generally available. In the present case of cryptococcal osteomyelitis, idiopathic CD4 lymphopenia was detected. This immunodeficiency is found in cases of disseminated cryptococcosis by chance. Possibly, ...
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