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Lu Wei-ju - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To avoid disadvantages of two-stage cancellus bone autograft, we investigated the feasibility of one-stage allograft for reconstructing the bone defect resulting from debridement of chronic osteomyelitis in limbs. METHODS: Between Feb. 1999 and Apr. 2004, 35 cases of chronic osteomyelitis (8 cases of nonunion) underwent one-stage allograft after debridement ...
Stodulski Dominik - - 2006
Otogenic skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) of fungal etiology is a very rare but life-threatening complication of inflammatory processes of the ear. The authors present a case of otogenic SBO caused by Aspergillus flavus in a 65-year-old man with a fatal course. Because of the encountered difficulties with the proper diagnosis ...
Naik-Mathuria Bindi - - 2006
Pediatric osteomyelitis commonly occurs in the long bones and has rarely been reported in small bones such as the vertebrae and ribs. Rib osteomyelitis occurs in approximately 1% or less of all cases of hematogenous osteomyelitis, and is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus. We present a case of acute osteomyelitis ...
Kratzer Paul G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hydatidiform moles (HMs) usually are evacuated by dilation and curettage soon after diagnosis. A small percentage of HMs later progress to choriocarcinomas. CASE: A 20-year-old woman presented with signs and symptoms of an HM. Through poor medical care, noncompliance and misunderstanding, she delayed dilation and curettage for 3 months, ...
Holmgren Aaron R - - 2006
Myositis has been reported as a rare manifestation of Lyme disease, and Lyme myositis can be an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of unusual cases, especially in patients who live in or travel to endemic areas. We report the case of a 43-year-old man who presented with focal myositis ...
Karakan T - - 2006
Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is an inherited disorder with frequent oesophageal stricture formation. There is no satisfactory medical treatment of dysphagia however; endoluminal balloon dilation is a novel method with satisfactory results. Intrafamilial cases of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa manifest variable clinical presentations. We report two sisters with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa simultaneously ...
Tuon Felipe Francisco - - 2006
Frontal osteomyelitis is a rare complication of sinusitis. Common intracranial complications of the frontal osteomyelitis are meningitis, epidural empyema, subdural empyema and brain abscess. We described a case of frontal osteomyelitis with brain abscess caused by Staphylococcus aureus with improve after needle aspiration and antibiotics to brain abscess for eight ...
Nemeth Alexander J AJ Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2006
We describe a case of perioperative Addisonian crisis induced by vertebral augmentation. While several complications of vertebral augmentation have been reported previously, related to the technical procedure, to our knowledge, perioperative Addisonian crisis from vertebral augmentation has not been reported in the literature. To report an Addisonian crisis perioperative to ...
A. Z. Mohammed, S. ...
Amyloid Goitre is a rare clinical entity associated with systemic amyloidosis. It poses a significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and may be confused with a neoplastic goiter. We present the case of a 20 year old male patient who presented with a rapidly enlarging goiter, several years after resolution of ...
Docquier Pierre-Louis - - 2006
Four cases of chronic osteomyelitis of clavicle as primary manifestation of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteomyelitis (SAPHO) are reported in adolescents. In all cases a typical radiographical evolution had been observed with progressive slow migration of sclerotic area from medial to lateral side of clavicle. Long-term evolution was alternation of ...
Honeybul S - - 2006
Neonatal cervical osteomyelitis is extremely rare, with only a few reported cases. In most instances, Staphylococcus aureus is the infecting organism. The authors report a case of group B streptococcal osteomyelitis affecting the cervical spine. This case highlights the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties that these cases present, and emphasises the ...
Sethi A - - 2006
Osteomyelitis of zygomatic bone is rare, and tuberculous osteomyelitis is even rarer. This is the case report of a 3-year-old child presenting with a discharging sinus and swelling on the zygoma, which was initially thought to be orbital cellulitis. After further examination, she was diagnosed as having tuberculosis of zygoma ...
Gursel T - - 2005
Candidal vertebra osteomyelitis is a rare condition which occurs primarily in immunocompromised patients. We report a 14-year-old girl with factor X deficiency who developed candida vertebra osteomyelitis during home therapy. The microorganism was probably from a contaminated peripheral cannula used for infusion of factor concentrate. This is the first such ...
Kumar Aravind - - 2005
Three cases of vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (Strep. equisimilis) are presented here. All three cases presented with fever, back pain, general malaise and weight loss for at least 4 weeks. Diagnosis was established by culture of a spinal biopsy and/or positive blood cultures together with radiological ...
Sethi Ashwani - - 2005
Tuberculous osteomyelitis of the temporal bone is a rare and dangerous entity that should be included in the differential diagnosis of infectious processes of the base of the skull. We present the case of an 11-year-old child who presented with diplopia, ear discharge and hearing loss. The radiological and histopathological ...
Upadhyaya Manasvi - - 2005
PURPOSE: Primary sternal osteomyelitis is rare in the pediatric population. METHODS: We present 4 recent cases that demonstrate a wide range in age, presenting features, and clinical course, and we performed a literature review. RESULT: A combination of diagnostic aspiration with prolonged appropriate antibiotic therapy led to successful resolution in ...
Botelho-Nevers E - - 2005
Shewanella spp. are infrequently recovered from clinical specimens. We report here on the first case of osteomyelitis due to Shewanella algae. This bacterium, at first misidentified by phenotypic tests as Shewanella putrefaciens, was subsequently identified correctly as S. algae by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis.
Yeoh S C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis of the maxillofacial skeleton is rare in developed countries such as Australia. This case report describes the successful surgical treatment of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis (CSO) of the mandible in a 75 year old man. The precipitant factor was thought to be a retained tooth root in the (right) ...
Le Moal G - - 2005
We describe three cases of Fusobacterium spp. diskitis and review with attention to risk factors, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and outcome. In most of the reported cases, a ear-nose-throat infection was found. Clinical manifestations were similar to those of classic bacterial vertebral osteomyelitis. Clindamycin is the most appropriate antibiotic. The ...
Singh Amar - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to document the diagnostic and management difficulties in masked skull base osteomyelitis secondary to malignant otitis externa, with emphasis on establishing diagnostic criteria in recurrence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 3 cases of inadequately treated malignant otitis externa in elderly diabetic individuals leading to recurrence and atypical ...
Amine Bouchra - - 2005
Chronic osteomyelitis of the hand is uncommon and affects the metacarpals in only 3% of cases. We report a case of chronic osteomyelitis involving two metacarpals, and we present a review of the relevant literature. A 41-year-old man with a 5-year history of psoriatic arthritis was admitted for a swelling ...
East-Innis A - - 2005
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare ulcerative skin disorder mainly occurring in adults. It is seen less frequently in children. The cause is unknown but it may occur in association with several disorders. Osteomyelitis is a very rare association. We report a case of pyoderma gangrenosum associated with osteomyelitis in a ...
Street John - - 2005
The child who presents with fever, limp and hip pain will often undergo multiple diagnostic procedures before a definitive diagnosis is made. We describe a diagnostically challenging case of a 14-year-old boy presenting with an atraumatic painful limp and pyrexia. Eventually the diagnosis of obturator internus muscle abscess with associated ...
Robinson Joan L - - 2005
Osteomyelitis attributable to Actinomyces often results in recurrent disease and inconsistent responses to antimicrobial agents. We present data for 4 patients and a review of the 15 previously described pediatric cases of actinomycosis presenting as osteomyelitis. Fourteen cases involved the mandible and 5 cases involved other sites. All mandibular cases ...
Charity R M - - 2005
We describe a case of osteomyelitis and secondary septic arthritis caused by Sphingomonas paucimobilis in an immunosupressed adolescent which did not present typically, leading to a delay in diagnosis. This case highlights the need to thoroughly investigate musculoskeletal pain in the immunocompromised patient in order to exclude an infection as ...
Garazzino S - - 2005
We report a case of osteomyelitis caused by Enterobacter cancerogenus resistant to aminopenicillins in a 56-year-old male who had a motorcycle accident and suffered from multiple bone fractures with abundant environmental exposure. E. cancerogenus has rarely been associated with human infections, and its clinical significance remains unclear.
Kalouche Ibrahim - - 2005
Rib osteomyelitis is a rare disease. We present a previously unreported case of Streptococcus pneumoniae osteomyelitis of the rib. A 4-month-old-infant presented with fever, irritability and abdominal tenderness. Pericostal collection was discovered incidentally on ultrasound; it was first drained by needle aspiration and appropriate antibiotic therapy was given, with resolution ...
Wedman Jan - - 2005
We report what is, to our best knowledge, the first case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) in which the frontal and sphenoid bones were involved. Characterized by a prolonged and fluctuating course of osteomyelitis at different sites, CRMO is self-limited, although sequelae can occur. The diagnosis is one of ...
Crum Nancy F - - 2005
A case of non-typhi Salmonella empyema is reported. A review of the literature over the past century found only 13 other empyemas due to Salmonella typhimurium and 25 cases of other non-typhi Salmonella. A review of pleuropulmonary disease due to non-typhi Salmonella is provided along with management recommendations.
Sierra-Hoffman Miguel - - 2005
We present a case of Fusarium osteomyelitis attributed to innocuous trauma in a patient with significant peripheral vascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 2. Fusarium species have been reported to cause an increasing number of infections, particularly in severely immunocompromized patients. Colonization of normal skin has also been reported. To ...
Ayeni Olubimpe O Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, St Josephs Healthcare, Surgical Outcomes Research Centre (SOURCE) and McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2005
In studies comparing open with endoscopic carpal tunnel release, return to work (RTW) is often cited as a primary outcome. The present study assessed the reporting of RTW and evaluated its usefulness in studies comparing these two methods of carpal tunnel release. A computerized search was conducted to find randomized ...
Acharya Shankar, Bhatnagar Pallav
A case of vertebral osteomyelitis is presented where initial presumptive diagnosis of tuberculous infection was made on clinico-radiological grounds but eventually turned out to be Salmonella infection upon exploration, biopsy and culture. Patient recovered completely following debridement and appropriate antibiotics (fluoro-quinolones) for a period of six weeks. Internal fixation allowed ...
Barnes Bryan - - 2004
OBJECT: The authors conducted a literature-based review of the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of cervical vertebral osteomyelitis (CVO). METHODS: A Medline (PubMed) search using the key words "cervical vertebral osteomyelitis" yielded 256 articles. These were further screened for relevance, yielding 15 articles. Each publication was reviewed, and several others not ...
Acharya Shankar - - 2004
A case of vertebral osteomyelitis is presented where initial presumptive diagnosis of tuberculous infection was made on clinico-radiological grounds but eventually turned out to be Salmonella infection upon exploration, biopsy and culture. Patient recovered completely following debridement and appropriate antibiotics (fluoro-quinolones) for a period of six weeks. Internal fixation allowed ...
Lee Sang Won - - 2004
Melanonychia is characterized by tan, brown, or black pigmentation within the nail plate. Fungal melanonychia is rare and may simulate longitudinal melanonychia caused by melanocytic lesions. We report six cases of fungal melanonychia which were confirmed histopathologically or mycologically. On culture, Candida and/or Aspergillus species were isolated in four patients. ...
Cigni Alessandro - - 2004
The authors report a rare case of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in a premature very low-birth weight infant caused by Neisseria meningitidis, a microorganism which occasionally causes arthritis, but is very rarely involved in bone infections. The strong teamwork of clinicians, the clinical microbiologist and the radiologist allowed the prompt formulation ...
Basa Nicole R - - 2004
Osteomyelitis in children commonly occurs in the long bones such as the femur, tibia, and humerus. It is rarely found in the ribs, occurring in less than 1% of children with osteomyelitis. Thirteen cases of rib osteomyelitis were reported in the literature, of which, 11 were caused by Staphylococcus aureus. ...
Nourse Clare - - 2004
Q fever is a common zoonosis worldwide. Awareness of the disease and newer diagnostic modalities have resulted in increasing recognition of unusual manifestations. We report 3 cases of Q fever osteomyelitis in children and review the literature on 11 other reported cases. The cases demonstrate that Coxiella burnetii can cause ...
Arias Félix - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Osteomyelitis due to Candida species is an unusual but recognized entity. However, with the increasing occurrence of factors predisposing to candidemia and invasive candidiasis, candidal osteomyelitis is being diagnosed more frequently. An unusual case of Candida albicans osteomyelitis is reported here, along with a review of the published literature ...
Ahmed Amir - - 2004
A case report of a young girl with salmonella osteomyelitis of left radius is presented having no constitutional symptoms. X-ray, changes are described. Curettage tissue sent for culture and histology. Histology showed non-specific osteomyelitis while salmonella was grown. She was treated accordingly and got cured with three year follow-up.
Al-Qahtani Saeed M - - 2004
This is a case report of an 11-year-old male Saudi who presented with osteomyelitis of the left pubic ramus who was misdiagnosed and treated as a case of septic arthritis of the hip. Subsequent re-evaluation upon referral was carried out using CT scan and MRI which clarified the diagnosis. The ...
Gelfand Michael S - - 2004
Vancomycin therapy is the standard treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the most common cause of vertebral osteomyelitis, an increasingly frequent complication of nosocomial bacteremia. We report five recent cases suggesting that, while giving the appearance of success by conventional clinical and laboratory criteria (eg, resolution of fever and leukocytosis), ...
Tarr Philip E - - 2004
Enterococci are a major cause of bacteraemia and endocarditis and are increasingly being implicated in bone and joint infections. Hematogenous enterococcal vertebral osteomyelitis, however, has been only rarely reported. Here we present the first 2 patients from the United States and review the literature on 10 additional cases that have ...
Godoy P - - 2004
Fusarium species are common soil saprophytes and plant pathogens that have been frequently reported as etiologic agents of opportunistic infections in humans. We report eight cases of onychomycosis caused by Fusarium solani (4) and Fusarium oxysporum (4) in São Paulo, Brazil. These species were isolated from toenails in all cases. ...
Gupta S K - - 2004
A case of thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis due to Salmonella enteritidis phage type 2 in an immunocompetent patient is reported. The patient initially presented with abdominal, urinary and chest symptoms, which were followed by a large pleural effusion. The infection was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin. This is the only case of ...
Fowler Timothy P - - 2004
Brucellosis is a disease of domestic and wild animals that is transmittable to humans. Although endemic in some parts of the world, brucellosis is an uncommon human pathogen in the United States. The clinical presentation of brucellosis is nonspecific, and brucella osteomyelitis can produce lytic lesions on radiographs that resemble ...
Tong S H Y - - 2003
We report a case of osteomyelitis of the proximal femur caused by Lancefield group G streptococcus in a 71-year-old otherwise healthy man. The organism has rarely been identified as the cause of osteomyelitis. The subacute nature of the symptoms and the radiological appearance of the femur in this patient mimic ...
Kao Feng-Chen - - 2003
Acute primary infection of the epiphysis is uncommon. We present 2 cases of acute osteomyelitis of the distal femoral epiphysis. They were not diagnosed until 10 days and 3 weeks, respectively, after the onset of symptoms. The epiphyseal infection spread into the knee joint, and surgical debridement was performed. The ...
Greig J M - - 2003
We report a case of vertebral osteomyelitis due to the coagulase-negative staphylococcus, Staphylococcus lugdunensis. This is only the second such case reported in the literature in an immunocompetent host. When the patient's lumbar spine inflammatory mass was drained, the coagulase-negative staphylococcus obtained was discarded as a likely contaminant. We discuss ...
Jun S-Y - - 2003
AIMS: To determine the utility of p57kip2 in the diagnosis of hydatidiform mole. p57kip2 protein is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) and is strongly paternally imprinted, being expressed from the maternal allele. It has been hypothesized that complete mole (CHM) with only the paternal genome would display reduced or nearly ...
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