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Beitner Melissa M - - 2011
AAST-OIS grade V complex hepatic injuries are often fatal as a result of exsanguination. We report a patient presenting in extremis with a penetrating injury to the right kidney, liver, middle hepatic vein, diaphragm, and lung. A combination of intrahepatic balloon tamponade and hepatic venous stenting was used to control ...
Kamath Venkatesh Vishwanath - - 2011
Focal lymphoid tissue is ubiquitously present in the oral mucosa and serves as a barrier for entrapment of antigens. The mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue is generally dispersed and sometimes associated with the ducts of the minor salivary glands. Proliferation of the duct-associated lymphoid tissue (DALT) is rarely reported, though probably of ...
Santra Gouranga - - 2011
Occurrence of glomerular diseases in psoriasis is rare, although the number of reports is increasing in recent years. Different types of glomerular involvement have been reported but mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis with IgA deposits, AA amyloidosis and membranous nephropathy are relatively common in association with psoriasis. The term 'psoriatic nephropathy' has been ...
Fukuda Shinichiroh - - 2011
Concurrence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare condition that is challenging to diagnosis, due to the relatively high prevalence of autoantibodies in NASH. It is also difficult to determine the most effective treatment as corticosteroids are likely to worsen NASH despite being effective in the ...
Al-Sinani S - - 2011
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) in children is devastating unless urgent liver transplantation is undergone. Intoxication or drug-related FHF is a well-known group of causes leading to FHF. Mercury intoxication is described in the literature to cause hepatitis but not described to cause DRESS (drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms) ...
Martins Paulo N - - 2011
Hepatic follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is an extremely rare neoplasm. Most commonly, FDC sarcoma presents as a solitary mass in lymph nodes, however, several extra-nodal locations have been identified. We report a case of a 53-year-old female who presented with symptoms of abdominal pain, fever, anemia, and jaundice. After ...
Lee Chang Geun - - 2011
The development of hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is rare but it might be associated with serious disease and poor clinical outcome. Recently, several iatrogenic causes of HPVG have been reported. HPVG as a complication of endoscopic balloon dilatation is a previously unreported event. We experienced a case of HPVG ...
Zemann Wolfgang - - 2011
Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory process involving cortical and cancellous bone. In the maxillofacial region, the mandible is the most frequently affected bone. In the vast majority, a bacterial focus can be identified as the origin of the disease. Chronic progress of the disease may lead to destruction of mandibular bony ...
Walbolt Thomas D - - 2011
Duplication of the gallbladder is a rare entity. This case highlights a 36-year-old woman who presented to Arrowhead Regional Medical Center after referral from an outside institution with gallstone pancreatitis. Ultrasound, computed tomography scan, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed evidence of a biliary anomaly preoperatively concerning for a duplicated gallbladder ...
Jhuang Jie-Yang - - 2011
Primary hepatic capillary hemangioma in adults is very rare. Here, we report a case of hepatic capillary hemangioma in a 71-year-old woman. She had abnormal liver function tests, and abdominal sonography revealed a 2-cm nodular lesion and fatty liver. Computed tomography scan revealed a hypervascular tumor. During 2 years' follow-up, ...
Tsalis Konstantinos - - 2011
Primary hepatic gastrinoma is a very rare ectopic gastrinoma with less than 20 cases reported worldwide. We report the case of a patient with hypergastrinemia who was subjected to exhaustive preoperative and intraoperative imaging and also careful surgical exploration of the duodenum and pancreas which failed initially to identify the ...
Macauley Mavin - - 2011
Roth spots are white-centred retinal haemorrhages, previously thought to be pathognomonic for subacute bacterial endocarditis. A number of other conditions can be associated with Roth spots. In this case, the authors describe the association of Roth spots and pernicious anaemia. This association has been rarely described in the medical literature. ...
Kabukçuo─člu S - - 2011
Extensive keratinizing squamous change in endometrium, namely ichthyosis uteri, is an uncommon condition. It is considered a benign lesion but its association with malignancy has been reported in the literature. Here, we present two cases of ichthyosis uteri that were both diagnosed in the curettage material. If widespread squamous epithelium ...
Rozen Eugene - - 2011
We present a young patient with respiratory complaints that was found to have a mass in her right posterior mediastinum. The mass was diagnosed to be ectopic histologically unremarkable hepatic tissue. We have also reviewed several of the few intrathoracic ectopic liver cases in the literature, along with a brief ...
de Oliveira Henrique do Couto Hdo - - 2011
Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by a dysfunction of the osteoclasts that impairs bone resorption, which together with the normal osteoblastic activity forms intense bone sclerosis with reduction of marrow. A common complication that arises, most frequently, as a result of tooth extraction is mandibular osteomyelitis. There ...
Theologie-Lygidakis Nadia - - 2011
Primary chronic osteomyelitis (PCO) of the jaws is an uncommon non-suppurative inflammatory disease of unknown origin. Although the disease is not age-specific, only sparse cases with onset during childhood or adolescence have been reported in the literature. This study seeks to present five cases of maxillofacial PCO in children and ...
Salman Salam - - 2011
The purpose of this paper is to report a case of osteomyelitis following a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy in a patient who underwent 2-jaw surgery. A review of the management of osteomyelitis is included, with a discussion of implications for the reconstruction of the mandible after treatment for osteomyelitis. A ...
Matta Reva F - - 2010
Primary sternal osteomyelitis is a rare disease in children caused mainly by Staphylococcus aureus. We describe 2 cases resulting from Streptococcus pneumonia and Candida albicans. On the basis of these cases and other documented case reports, we discuss the pathogens, clinical course, and pathophysiology and suggest a management protocol based ...
Dhanoa Amreeta - - 2010
We report a series of six immunocompetent patients who were believed initially to have primary bone sarcomas, but turned out to have subacute osteomyelitis. Case report and review of relevant literature. All our patients were treated with antibiotics and recovered fully from the infection. Only one patient had a recurrence ...
Shields Raymond C - - 2010
This report describes a 32-year-old woman with chronic refractory osteomyelitis of the sternum after multiple surgical procedures including a sternotomy with underlying colonic interposition that was successfully managed with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The clinical course is reviewed, and the complexities of this diagnosis are then discussed, including a brief review ...
Vu Thien-Tuong-Vi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To review all reported cases of sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) osteomyelitis following head and neck surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: PubMed search and one additional case from our institution. RESULTS: Twelve cases were reviewed, and the following recommendations are suggested: risk factors for SCJ osteomyelitis should be identified; ...
Monsour P A J - - 2010
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an aseptic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause occurring in children and adolescents. It is characterized by multifocal bone lesions with pain and swelling recurring over months to years. Lesions usually involve the metaphyses of the long bones and involvement of the jaw is rare. ...
Bhooshan P - - 2010
Intracranial infections, especially subdural empyema, due to salmonella are rare. Subdural empyema caused by Salmonella paratyphi A has been documented only once earlier in the literature. Hence, we report a case of subdural empyema and osteomyelitis of cranial vault due to S. paratyphi A. A 42- year-old male presented with ...
Sethi Somika - - 2010
Isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis, in an immunocompetent, is rare and only a few cases have been reported in literature. We present the case of a 30-year-old man presented with pain on the left side of chest with fever and gradually increasing swelling in left lateral lower aspect of chest. Investigation revealed ...
Rahman Ifad - - 2009
Mycobacterium chelonae is a rapidly growing mycobacterium (RGM) in Runyon group IV. This group includes all other nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) except the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The most commonly infected organ by RGM is the lung, usually in immunosuppressed patients or those with underlying lung disease. Vertebral infection is very rare. ...
Buijze Geert Alexander - - 2009
A rare case of a 7-year-old boy with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C is presented. The diagnosis of osteomyelitis was made by bone scintigraphy and a blood culture confirmed meningococci as the cause of the disease. Meningococcal osteomyelitis is exceptionally rare and to our knowledge, serogroup ...
Narang Sagar S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. - - 2009
Hematogenous Pseudomonas aeruginosa osteomyelitis of the talus is a rare cause of ankle swelling and limping in children. The case presented herein is that of chronic osteomyelitis of the talus with sequestrum formation. The patient was successfully treated with sequestrectomy and curettage, immobilization, and antibiotic therapy. One year following the ...
Buijze Geert Alexander - - 2009
A rare case of a 7-year-old boy with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C is presented. The diagnosis of osteomyelitis was made by bone scintigraphy and a blood culture confirmed meningococci as the cause of the disease. Meningococcal osteomyelitis is exceptionally rare and to our knowledge, serogroup ...
de Gheldere Antoine - - 2009
Osteomyelitis of the patella is rare; it essentially occurs in child age. The diagnosis is difficult because of its variable presentation; it should always be considered in patients with persistent peripatellar pain and swelling. This paper reports one case of haematogenous osteomyelitis of the patella not associated with septic knee ...
Vázquez E - - 2009
Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary group of bony displasias. They range from a devastating metabolic disease (including severe malignant infantile osteopetrosis) to other conditions with a more benign phenotype (autosomal dominant osteopetrosis I and II). Several case reports have been published of infectious complications affecting the mandible but maxillary affectation ...
Garcia-Vidal Carolina - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Postoperative fungal spondylodiscitis is a rare infectious disease. PURPOSE: We report the first case of postoperative spondylodiscitis because of Scedosporium prolificans and review postoperative vertebral infection caused by fungi. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Medline search. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: On reviewing the cases of postoperative fungal spondylodiscitis ...
Schneider L - - 2009
Osteoarticular infections caused by Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae are rarely seen in humans but young children and immunocompromised adults are at particular risk of acquiring this bacteria. Reptiles and their by-products (e.g. meat preparations or medications) are particularly likely to harbor Salmonella. We report on a case of septic arthritis ...
Celik Aygul Dogan - - 2009
The study includes a case report and a literature review. The main objective of this study is to present a case of spondylodiscitis due to a fungal pathogen, Blastoschizomyces capitatus and to review the published literature on this emergent fungus in etiology of spondylodiscitis, and osteomyelitis. Osteoarticular involvement due to ...
Macfie Caroline - - 2009
There are a number of cases reported in the literature which describe hyperglycaemia in patients following paracetamol overdose. The majority of these occur in conjunction with hepatic failure. Less well known is the occurrence of hyperglycaemia and acidosis following paracetamol overdose in the absence of hepatic failure. This report describes ...
Baradkar V P - - 2009
Though Phaeoacremonium parasiticum is an unusual cause of human disease, subcutaneous infection, eumycetoma, osteomyelitis, arthritis and even disseminated diseases, such as fungemia and endocarditis have been reported. Here, we report a case of subcutaneous abscess on the forearm due to P. parasiticum in a 26-year-old woman. There were no obvious ...
Smith Aileen - - 2009
The use of complementary and alternative medicines is becoming increasingly popular in Western society. As a result the number of reported adverse reactions is increasing. Glucosamine is a herbal remedy commonly used to ease joint pain in osteoarthritis, and only two previous reports of hepatotoxicity have been published in the ...
Antony Beena - - 2009
Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans is a capnoic gram negative coccobacilli known to produce juvenile periodontitis. This organism was isolated in pure culture from an unusual case of osteomyelitis of the mandible. The patient was treated with tetracycline, which is the drug of choice for A. actinomycetemcomitans and the clinical response improved. ...
Deftereos Savas P - - 2009
The case of a 6-month old male infant presenting at the emergency department with fever and swelling at the left knee joint is discussed. Laboratory tests showed an inflammatory condition. Left knee plain radiograph demonstrated local soft tissue oedema. Percutaneous needle aspiration of articular fluid showed a positive culture for ...
Choi Haemi - - 2011
The authors examined the most current evidence for treatment options in athletes with osteitis pubis and osteomyelitis pubis, attempting to determine which options provide optimal pain relief with rapid return to sport and prevention of symptom reoccurrence. Three databases-MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and CINAHL-were searched using the OVID ...
Mayun A A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to do a histopathological review of all cases ofhydatidiform moles seen in pathology department of Federal Medical Centre, Gombe between June 2000 and May 2005. METHODS: All the relevant request forms, slides and paraffin embedded tissue blocks were retrieved. The slides stained with ...
Falcón Cristina Serrano - - 2009
Onychomycosis is one of the most common infections of the nail. It can be caused by dermatophytes, Candida species and other fungi. Although moulds can cause onychomycosis, they account for a minority of cases, mainly great toenail onychomycosis. We describe a case of an 11-year-old girl who developed an onychomycosis ...
Sivan Manoj - - 2008
Mycobacterium marinum can uncommonly cause osteomyelitis of small bones of extremities. The reported cases in literature are reviewed. We report a rare case of long bone osteomyelitis which as far as we are aware, has never been described before. Even though this organism normally causes infection in the superficial cooler ...
Lepage Amy A - - 2008
The triad of acute osteomyelitis, deep venous thrombophlebitis, and septic pulmonary embolism is a rare, but life-threatening syndrome in children that requires prompt recognition and treatment. We report two cases of acute osteomyelitis complicated by septic thrombophlebitis and pulmonary emboli. Both patients required operative drainage to remove the septic focus. ...
Lee Chun-Yi - - 2008
Herein we present a case of a 9-month-old boy admitted to our hospital for acute femoral osteomyelitis and hip septic arthritis treatment. Acute hepatitis with concomitant skin rash developed on the sixth day of intravenous oxacillin therapy. No other known virus- or drug-related skin eruption or hepatitis was suspected. The ...
Roopashri R K - - 2008
Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disorder that causes generalized sclerosis of bone due to a defect in bone resorption and remodeling. Dental abnormality may be attributed to pathological changes in bone remodeling. Osteomyelitis is well documented as a complication of osteopetrosis. This disease can be severe and difficult to treat ...
Chatterjee Parangama - - 2008
Retroperitoneal paragangliomas arise from specialized neural crest cells symmetrically distributed along the aorta in association with the sympathetic chain. If this tissue aggregates in the adrenal medulla pheochromocytoma may arise. When it remains in the paraaortic sites it could develop into extra-adrenal, retroperitoneal paraganglioma. We report a case of extra-adrenal ...
Naqvi Naseem - - 2008
Pubic osteomyelitis should be suspected in athletic individuals with sudden groin pain, painful restriction of hip movements and fever. It is an infrequent and confusing disorder, which is often heralded by atypical gait disturbance and diffuse pain in the pelvic girdle. The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus but, on ...
Balakrishnan Chenicheri - - 2008
Osteomyelitis of the clavicle is a rare form of infection occurring from hematogenous spread or trauma. This has been reported following head and neck surgery, and subclavian catheter placement. In traumatic cases, the management involves removal of bone fixation, debridement of the bone and coverage with a muscle flap.
Miron Dan - - 2007
We report a child with Pseudomonas stutzeri-associated right knee arthritis following knife puncture wound. Only four children with P. stutzeri-associated infections have been reported in the English literature in the last 40 years of whom one suffered from calcaneal osteomyelitis caused by this pathogen. In both cases, the suggested mechanism ...
Deogaonkar Kedar - - 2008
Chronic relapsing multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare condition. It commonly affects the clavicle and pelvis. Rarely it can affect the spine. Spinal deformity due to CRMO is rare. We report a case of acute scoliosis due to CRMO. A 10-year-old girl with CRMO presented with acute painful scoliosis of ...
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