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Bedogni Giorgio G Giorgio Bedogni, Claudio Tiribelli, Liver Research Center, Fondazione Italiana Fegato-ONLUS, 34013 Trieste, - - 2014
We provide a concise review of the main epidemiological literature on fatty liver (FL) published between January 2011 and October 2013. The findings from the literature will be considered in light of the already available knowledge. We discuss the limitations inherent in the categorization of FL into non-alcoholic and alcoholic ...
Mc Cormack Orla O St. James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland - - 2014
A 67-year-old man presented with a history of vague abdominal discomfort on the right side, intermittent diarrhea, and episodes of facial flushing every 2 to 3 days. He reported no history of ingestion of alcohol or other precipitants of flushing.
Droste Nicolas N School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
The present paper aims to review current evidence for the effectiveness and/or feasibility of using inter-agency data sharing of ED recorded assault information to direct interventions reducing alcohol-related or nightlife assaults, injury or violence. Potential data-sharing partners involve police, local council, liquor licensing regulators and venue management. A systematic review ...
Seo Bommie F BF 1Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South - - 2014
The Morel-Lavallée lesion is a collection of serous fluid that develops after closed degloving injuries and after surgical procedures particularly in the pelvis and abdomen. It is a persistent seroma and is usually resistant to conservative methods of treatment such as percutaneous drainage and compression. Various methods of curative treatment ...
Debell Frances F King's College London School of Medicine, Hodgkin Building, Guy's Campus, London, SE1 1UL, - - 2014
This systematic review aimed to assess (1) the level of comorbidity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol misuse reported in research studies since 2007 and (2) any associations found between specific PTSD symptom clusters and alcohol misuse. A literature search was carried out to capture any papers published from ...
Banerjee Niladri N Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Recent advances in the study of alcoholism have thrown light on the involvement of various neurotransmitters in the phenomenon of alcohol addiction. Various neurotransmitters have been implicated in alcohol addiction due to their imbalance in the brain, which could be either due to their excess activity or inhibition. This review ...
Takamura Masaaki M Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, - - 2014
We herein report three cases of alcoholic cirrhosis complicated by deep bleeding. In two of the three cases, intramuscular or retroperitoneal hematomas developed spontaneously. In contrast, in the remaining case, an intramuscular hematoma developed after trauma. In the former two patients, the intramuscular hematomas recurred at other sites during hospitalization. ...
Palmiere Cristian C University Centre of Legal Medicine, rue du Bugnon 21, 1011 Lausanne, - - 2013
The aim of this article is to review the forensic literature covering the postmortem investigations that are associated with alcoholic ketoacidosis fatalities and report the results of our own analyses. Eight cases of suspected alcoholic ketoacidosis that had undergone medico-legal investigations in our facility from 2011 to 2013 were retrospectively ...
Koegl-Wallner Mariella M Department of Neurology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 22, 8036 Graz, - - 2013
Previous case series suggested a link between Klinefelter syndrome (KS) and essential tremor (ET) or an ET-like syndrome. We investigated three KS-patients with tremor including tremor-analyzes and discuss our data in context to findings from a literature review. The clinical outcome after deep brain stimulation (DBS) is also reviewed. Tremor ...
Kulkarni Ranganath R - - 2013
Disulfiram is an alcohol-deterring agent with few rare serious adverse effects, usually dose-related, reversible, and more frequent with comorbid alcohol and nicotine dependence. We report a prospective follow-up of such a case with reversible peripheral neuropathy and irreversible optic neuropathy.
Kamimura Kenya - - 2013
Severe alcoholic hepatitis has a high mortality rate due to limited therapeutic methods. Although corticosteroids have been used to control the inflammatory response, the outcomes vary and no standardized therapy has been established. Novel therapeutic approaches, such as anti-TNF-α, pentoxifilline, and others have been tested clinically on the basis of ...
Hillbom Matti M Department of Neurology, Oulu University Hospital, , Oulu, - - 2014
Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a rare condition mainly associated with alcoholism, although it may be mimicked by several other disorders that cause corpus callosum lesions. Our objective was to identify helpful features for differential diagnosis and assess whether any treatment can be recommended. We reviewed 122 reports containing data on ...
Muzyk Andrew J - - 2013
Dexmedetomidine is currently used in the US in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting, although data to support this practice are limited. Dexmedetomidine targets the noradrenergic system, an important but frequently overlooked secondary mechanism in the development of AWS, and, in doing ...
Guthauser Bruno - - 2013
The aim of this work was to report on a heavy drinker whose azoospermia was reversed after alcohol withdrawal. We also review the literature on links between alcohol consumption and azoospermia. This study is a clinical case report and a literature review. Two years after alcohol withdrawal, a child was ...
López Marta - - 2013
The aim of the study was to review and describe the Alcoholic Pellagra Encephalopathy, a severe neuropsychiatric condition caused by a combination of niacin (vitamin B3) deficiency and alcohol abuse. PsychInfo, Medline and Embase databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies addressing this illness. A historical and conceptual review of the ...
Namekawa Michito - - 2013
Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a rare alcohol-associated disorder characterized by demyelination and necrosis of the corpus callosum. We herein present the case of a 56-year-old man with chronic alcoholism who was admitted to our hospital in a coma without focal or lateralizing neurological signs. MRI revealed a callosal lesion consistent ...
Wenz Holger - - 2012
Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a neurological disorder that has been found to be associated with chronic alcoholism and malnutrition. MBD classically results in acute edema and demyelination of the corpus callosum. Edema of the complete corpus callosum has been described to be an unfavorable prognostic factor. We present an acute ...
Jones James W - - 2012
You are the chief-of-surgery at a major urban medical center. Dr X is a 69-year-old vascular surgeon who has been a close friend for years. Dr X has had excellent clinical results throughout her career, but recent cases reviewed by the Deaths & Complications Conference suggest that her complication rate ...
Weiss Shoshana - - 2012
This article examines the current state of alcohol use among immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) in Israel, as an update to the 2 previous publications that reviewed studies published in the professional literature (mainly in Hebrew) and referred to earlier periods (from the early 1990s until 2006 and ...
Scarpellini E - - 2012
Wernicke's encephalopathy is a neurological disorder caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency characterized by vertigo, ataxia, and mental confusion. Wernicke's encephalopathy has a causative association with alcoholism but recently there has been an increased prevalence also in other clinical conditions. In literature potentially fatal Wernicke's encephalopathy onset in an advanced ...
Zeisser Cornelia C Centre for Addictions Research of BC, Victoria, BC, Canada. - - 2013
It is well established that alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of injury. This systematic review and meta-analysis addresses important methodological issues commonly encountered in the alcohol and injury field by delineating the effect of study design and alcohol consumption recall period on effect size magnitude and by ...
Wilkinson D J C - - 2012
Prenatally diagnosed abnormalities that are associated with death in the newborn period are often referred to as 'lethal malformations'. Yet, for many of the commonly described lethal malformations long-term survival is possible if supportive interventions are provided. In this paper we analyse and review fetal or congenital lethal abnormalities. The ...
Oldham Mark A MA Boston University Medical Center, 850 Harrison Ave., Dowling 7S, Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2012
Alcohol withdrawal delirium (AWD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Pellagra (niacin deficiency) can be a cause of delirium during alcohol withdrawal that may often be overlooked. We present a three-patient case series of pellagrous encephalopathy (delirium due to pellagra) presenting as AWD. We provide a brief review of ...
Deepak Parakkal P Internal Medicine, University of Chicago (North Shore University Health System), 2650 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201, United - - 2011
Ischemic colitis can mimic a carcinoma on computed tomographic (CT) imaging or endoscopic examination. A coexisting colonic carcinoma or another potentially obstructing lesion has also been described in 20% of the cases of ischemic colitis. CT scan can differentiate it from colon cancer in 75% of cases. However, colonoscopy is ...
Shih Hsiang-Yao - - 2011
Glutaraldehyde-induced colitis is an uncommon colitis in clinical practice. Because the involvement of colonic segment is determined by the endoscopic part where glutaraldehyde remains, a recent history of endoscopy and a demarcated involvement of colonic segment are the most characteristic signs of glutaraldehyde-induced colitis. The typical clinical scenario is acute ...
Camarero Salces C - - 2011
Collagenous gastritis is a rare disease in the general population and collagenous colitis has seldom been reported in children. We report a girl with both diseases and review the literature on this association afetr a systematic search of Pubmed, Medline and Embase databases.. The girl, diagnosed of collagenous colitis at ...
Kawaguchi T - - 2012
Summary.  Ischaemic colitis is known to be a severe emergency complication of interferon (IFN) therapy. However, as ischaemic colitis is an infrequent complication of IFN therapy, limited information is available regarding the safety of resuming IFN therapy after resolution of ischaemic colitis and subsequent recurrence. Here, we report two cases ...
Takahashi Nobuyuki - - 2011
Takayasu arteritis and ulcerative colitis are immune-mediated inflammatory diseases; genetic factors are assumed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of these 2 diseases. However, the coexistence of these 2 diseases has rarely been reported. In this report, we present a rare case of a 29-year-old man with a ...
Eğrıtaş Odül - - 2011
Background/aims: Infantile persistent diarrhea series are not well documented in the literature. Evaluating the literature, the aim of this study was to document persistent diarrhea cases followed in our center and to constitute a practical diagnostic algorithm for the pediatrician by means of surveying methods. Methods: Diarrheas lasting more than ...
Pan Antony - - 2011
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is thought to be the result of an overly aggressive immune response to ubiquitous antigens. Immuno -modulation and -suppression is therefore currently the treatment of choice. It was long anticipated that the course of pre-existing IBD should improve after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) due to increased ...
Albuquerque Andreia - - 2011
Liver abscesses are very rare complications of ulcerative colitis, with only nine cases described in the literature, to our knowledge. We report a case where a recurrence of liver abscess occurred in an ulcerative colitis patient, in two different hepatic lobes, which has not been previously described. The recurrence was ...
Levi-Faict Thierry W - - 2011
A well-documented case of so-called Spontaneous Human Combustion is reported. Review of the literature shows that these strange observations have been reported since the 17th century, even in famous novels. There are several main features that may lead to help the diagnosis: the vicinity of the body is intact or ...
Katsanos Konstantinos H - - 2011
Eosinophilic colitis is an idiopathic inflammation of the alimentary canal and is characterized by infiltration of the intestinal wall by eosinophils, massive submucosal edema, and peripheral eosinophilia. However, the presence of eosinophils in a colon biopsy requires thorough searching for secondary causes and eosinophilic colitis remains a diagnosis of exclusion. ...
Bray Rodney A - - 2011
The following acanthocolpid species are reported from New Caledonia. Acaenodera nautili sp. n. from Conger cinereus Rüppel differs from other Acaenodera species in details of the body-spination, the sucker-ratio and the bipartite seminal vesicle; Stephanostomum murielae sp. n. from Carangoides hedlandensis (Whitley) differs from most species of Stephanostomum in the ...
Amanatidou Virginia - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Foreign body ingestion is a common cause of admission in the pediatric emergency room. In the past, button batteries accounted for less than 2% of the foreign bodies ingested by small children, but in the last 2 decades, they show a rapidly increased frequency. The aim of the present ...
Fitzgerald David B - - 2011
We report on a 22-year-old infantryman who sustained a right frontal wound to his head. He was treated and returned to duty immediately. During a computed tomography scan, 38 years after the incident, a metallic foreign body and disruption of the brain consistent with a projectile track were discovered in ...
Bowler G S GS Conquest Hospital, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex, UK. - - 2011
To report three cases of Loa loa infestation presenting over the course of 12 months to ophthalmology departments in the South West Thames region around London. Case series (three case histories are described) and literature review. All three patients had a history of travel to West Africa. All had worms ...
Alfadda Abdulrahman A - - 2011
Primary eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders, a spectrum of inflammatory conditions, occurs when eosinophils selectively infiltrate the gut in the absence of known causes for such tissue eosinophilia. These may be classified into eosinophilic esophagitis, eosinophilic gastroenteritis and eosinophilic colitis (EC). This review focuses on EC: its pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis ...
Szigeti Reka - - 2011
The peri-appendiceal red patch (PARP) or appendiceal orifice inflammation (AOI) is a known complication of non-pancolonic ulcerative colitis (UC), but it is not well documented in the pediatric pathology and gastroenterology literature. Here we describe the youngest patient with this manifestation to date and provide a brief review on PARP ...
Alexander Russell T - - 2010
  The determination of the cause and manner of death for a body recovered from the water can be difficult because of a lack of autopsy findings specific for drowning. This case report describes a 30-year-old man found submerged at the bottom of a hotel pool. An autopsy revealed scleral ...
Dempsey Suzanne M - - 2011
Effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid within a body cavity that can result from a variety of disease processes. This article reviews the normal production and resorption of body cavity fluid and the pathophysiology of abnormal fluid accumulation. In addition, classification schemes, differential diagnoses, and currently available diagnostic tests ...
Martínez-Sánchez Anabel - - 2010
This article presents the first record of Hermetia illucens larvae on a human corpse in Spain (the second case report in Europe). Prepupae of H. illucens, and other insects, were recovered from the dead body of a 72-year-old man in an advanced stage of decomposition. The body was located in ...
Dragas Marko - - 2010
Spontaneous aorto-left renal vein fistulas (ALRVF) are extremely rare, with only 30 cases presented in the literature. In the majority of the reported cases, the fistula involved an anomalous retroaortic left renal vein. In some aspects, the clinical findings differ from those of aortocaval fistulas, often making the correct diagnosis ...
Epstein Nancy E - - 2010
Deliberate or traumatic dural fistulas are typically augmented by a "sealant" or "fibrin glue" to enhance the strength of dural closure. Little is known about the risks and complications associated with two specific "sealants" and two specific "fibrin glues" used for dural closure. Review of the manufacturers' inserts and a ...
Ukai Katsuyuki - - 2010
We discuss a case of a 67-year-old male with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) that was initially suspected as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) or another type of encephalopathy, because he showed rapidly progressive deterioration, myoclonus, gait disturbance and a decline in activities of daily living. The present study describes a clinically ...
Sepehr Ali - - 2010
We report a unique case of minimally invasive endoscopic removal of a penetrating orbitocranial foreign body (POCFB), and present a review of the literature. A 12-year-old boy was impaled in the orbit with a gate latch. Neurosurgical consultation ascertained that removal via bifrontal craniotomy would necessitate extensive brain retraction and ...
Akmal Samira - - 2010
This case report highlights an acute deterioration in a previously myelopathic patient who had an almost instantaneous post-operative improvement. It also highlights an unchanged MRI appearance after acute neurological deterioration. The classification of spinal arteriovenous malformations, pathology and clinical presentation, and clinical course post-treatment are also reviewed.
Dalvi Abhay N - - 2010
Impacted foreign bodies in the oesophagus are common. Because of their large size, rigidity and pointed edges, dentures get frequently impacted in the oesophagus and are difficult for endoscopic retrieval. Traditional thoracotomy for retrieval of impacted foreign bodies in the thoracic oesophagus is associated with significant morbidity. We present a ...
Aseeja Veena - - 2011
Menouria due to congenital vesicovaginal fistula is rare entity. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with menouria. On evaluation, she had congenital vesicovaginal fistula and obstructing complete vaginal septum. McIndoe vaginoplasty and fistula repair through vaginal route was performed.
Wang Shu - - 2010
The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küester-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome can be either isolated uterovaginal agenesis or associated with other organ anomalies. However, MRKH co-existing with rectovestibular fistula and imperforate anus is uncommonly seen. We present the specific clinical manifestation and discuss the diagnosis and treatment for this unique subtype of MRKH. We reviewed 133 cases ...
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