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Results 401 - 450 of 666
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Kaimenyi J T - - 1994
Cancrum oris cases are occasionally treated in various hospitals in Kenya. Despite this, only one case has been reported in literature. Besides, no epidemiological or treatment studies of cancrum oris has been carried out in Kenya. We report an unusual case of a 17 year old Kenyan female with oral ...
Shea J J JJ - - 1994
Endolymphatic hydrops (EH) associated with otosclerosis has been noted for many years. However, the causal relationship of these two entities remains controversial. Having reviewed the records of patients with otosclerosis describing fluctuant hearing loss and vertiginous symptoms, the authors found the EH may coexist with otosclerosis preoperatively; they may be ...
Lang I M - - 1994
Currarino et al. in 1981 described an association between an anterior sacral defect, congenital anorectal stenosis or another type of low anorectal malformation and a presacral mass. We are only aware of one previous report in the English literature of the association of a rectovaginal fistula with this triad and ...
Girard N - - 1994
We report eight cases of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) associated with a "Chiari type I malformation." In four cases magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography performed in the neonatal period did not demonstrate the posterior fossa anomaly, which appeared on later scans. In the other cases the ...
Hosoda K - - 1994
Arteriovenous malformation at the cerevicomedullary junction is a rare disorder, usually presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The diagnosis is difficult because of its anatomical location. In addition, the ventral location of these arteriovenous malformations makes surgical treatment difficult. We describe three cases surgically treated with a transcondylar approach. The usefulness of ...
Cammalleri R - - 1994
Two cases of type I ACM are described, one of which presented with dizziness in late childhood (case 1), the other with mild intention tremor in adulthood (case 2). Cerebellar ectopia should be considered in monosymptomatic patients even in the absence of other symptoms and signs of C.N.S. dysfunction. Magnetic ...
Rothberg M L - - 1994
Thoracobiliary fistulas are a commonly reported complication of subphrenic or liver abscesses and biliary tract obstruction. However, they are a rare and unusual complication of traumatic thoracoabdominal wounds. Due to their rarity, the experience of any one surgeon is minimal, and there is a paucity of information available in the ...
Kase D J - - 1994
Gross hematuria following percutaneous or endourological intervention is well known and widely documented. We report an unusual case of angiographically documented hemorrhage from a ureteral branch that was injured by cystoscopic removal of a Double-J stent, and subsequent successful transcatheter embolization. This case demonstrates the important role of angiographic diagnosis ...
Currarino G - - 1994
This is the report of two newborn boys with imperforate anus associated with a long rectocutaneous fistula running deep into the scrotum and communicating, in its midportion, with the bulbar urethra. The findings are compared with those of a somewhat similar case in the literature, with some speculations as to ...
Ba┼čkaya M K - - 1994
Two cases of dural arteriovenous malformation (DAVM) fed by the anterior ethmoidal artery in the anterior cranial fossa are reported, one of them examined by magnet resonance imaging (MRI). Only one other case with MRI findings so far has been published. Fourty-eight previously reported cases are reviewed. One of our ...
Kaplan S S - - 1994
Dural arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare vascular abnormalities that most frequently involve the cavernous, transverse or sigmoid sinus. Anterior cranial fossa dural AVMs are uncommon. We report the clinical, radiological and surgical features of an incidentally discovered anterior fossa dural AVM. The literature regarding the anatomy and clinical presentation of ...
Del Campo C H - - 1993
This communication reviews the generally accepted embryological development of rectovestibular fistulae and describes in detail, the diagnostic procedures and clinical findings of this condition in an alpaca (L. pacos). Specific modalities are detailed which facilitate this diagnosis in an animal with atresia ani. Comments are also directed to the incidence, ...
Melvin W S - - 1993
Reno-colic fistula is a rare entity that to our knowledge has not previously been reported as a complication of penetrating abdominal trauma. We report a case of reno-colic fistula complicating primary repair of a colonic wound from a gunshot to the abdomen. Causes of previously reported reno-colic fistulas include primary ...
Ponn R B - - 1993
Persistent peripheral bronchopleural fistulas can be difficult to manage. Endoscopic plugging of involved bronchi has been accomplished in a number of ways. We have devised a method of permanently blocking small peripheral airways using Gianturco vascular occlusion coils placed endobronchially by modified angiographic techniques. This procedure has been applied in ...
Versari P P - - 1993
We report two rare cases of progressive myelopathy caused by intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae with venous drainage into the spinal medullary veins. Both patients were referred to us with a history of progressively worsening quadriparesis. A posterior fossa dural arteriovenous fistula with spinal venous drainage was discovered by angiography in ...
Tekkök I H - - 1993
The authors report the case of a patient harbouring a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula adjacent to an intradural neurofibroma. Only the latter could be demonstrated by the diagnostic modalities employed. Such a coexistence proved misleading and two interventions were needed to cure both lesions. Only one report has appeared in ...
Evans G R - - 1993
The effects of radiation are not tissue selective. Changes are consistent with thermal injury, but evolve in a more insidious manner. Erythema, edema, itching, and osteonecrosis can occur. These changes, over the sacrum, can lead to a spinal cutaneous fistula with persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak in association with ulceration. ...
Oka K - - 1993
The authors report the case of a 43-year-old woman with a venous malformation of the mesencephalon occluding the sylvian aqueduct. Neuroradiological investigations suggested aqueductal stenosis, while the presence of a venous malformation was diagnosed by both magnetic resonance imaging and an angiogram, and was visualized using a neuroendoscope. This is ...
Stoler J M - - 1993
A boy with a closed partial cloacal septation defect with a patent urachus is reported. He had an intact abdominal wall, a patent urachus, a colovesical fistula, intact genitalia and urethra, imperforate anus, and a lipomyelocystocoele. Patients with similar constellation of findings have been reported as cloacal exstrophy variants. What ...
Chernoff W G - - 1993
Tracheoesophageal fistula without atresia (H-type) is a known but uncommon cause of respiratory distress in the newborn. We present a rare case of a high cervical tracheoesophageal fistula unassociated with a laryngeal cleft or esophageal atresia. The diagnosis, associated anomalies, and surgical repair of this previously undescribed entity are discussed.
Anegawa S - - 1993
Three cases of lumbosacral meningomyelocele associated with cranium bifidum are reported. The meningomyeloceles were of the neural placode type and the cranium bifidum was an interfrontal encephalomeningocele in all cases. Two of the patients received ventriculoperitoneal shunts and had evidence of type II Chiari malformation on magnetic resonance imaging. No ...
Fadiran O A - - 1993
A case of amoebic recto-vaginal fistula is presented, with a review of literature on this rare complication of intestinal amoebiasis. A temporary defunctioning sigmoid colostomy was necessary. This in combination with oral metronidazole and tetracycline resulted in spontaneous closure of the fistulous tract. Non-traumatic recto-vaginal fistula poses a major diagnostic ...
McCormick P W - - 1993
We report a case of recurrent cerebellar hemorrhage from a capillary telangiectasia associated with a venous angioma. Based on the findings in this case and a review of the literature, we concluded that the hemorrhage was from the telangiectasia and not from the associated venous angioma. The association between capillary ...
Marconi F - - 1993
Spontaneous regression of an arteriovenous malformation is rare. When complete or partial regression occurs, an associated factor is usually involved, such as intracranial hemorrhage, surgery, radiation therapy, or a new neurological deficit. Another case in which the resolution was totally spontaneous is presented here. We discuss the importance of transcranial ...
Long M A - - 1993
When the clinical manifestations of colovesical fistulae lack diagnostic features, significant diagnostic delay may result. The literature contains conflicting recommendations regarding the optimal method of imaging such fistulae. We describe the transabdominal ultrasound appearances of a colovesical fistula and review the relevant literature. The identification of the ureteric orifices with ...
Vesagas T S - - 1993
A remarkably rapid and complete recovery from aphasia and conversion from right to left handedness was documented in a hemiplegic individual after surgery for an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the dominant hemisphere. The possible mechanisms of recovery were discussed and we have reviewed the literature about the pattern of cerebral ...
Madarame H - - 1993
A case of dicephalus, Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) and spina bifida was reported in a Japanese Black calf. Both brains and crania showed the same abnormalities as those of the monocephalic cases with ACM and were mirror-images of each other. The common findings were elongation of the brain, caudal displacement and ...
Miyagi Y - - 1993
We reported a case of cavernous malformation (CM) associated with medullary venous malformation in the same area. The CM was located in the trigone of the lateral ventricle in the dominant hemisphere and drained into the longitudinal caudate vein of Schlesinger via deep medullary veins. By a transsylvian transventricular approach, ...
Anderson P G - - 1993
An unusual case of rectovaginal fistula is reported. An 81 year old woman presented to the geriatric team with a request to review her faecal incontinence. It was discovered that she had a predilection for placing foreign objects in her vagina. In this instance a carbonated drink top had formed ...
Mizuki H - - 1993
An extremely rare case of a congenital fistula with an island of vermilion-epithelium in the paramidline of the upper lip in a 17-year-old male is presented. The fistula was located in the paramidline of the philtrum dimple, and mucoid secretion from the fistula was noted. The fistula's orifice opened in ...
Miller P D - - 1993
A newborn is described who presented with heart failure from a posterior dural arteriovenous malformation and had a coexisting congenital medulloblastoma. There have been sporadic reports of arteriovenous malformation and brain neoplasms in older children and adults, and these have generally been glial tumors. This is the first known case ...
Iwabuchi S - - 1993
We report herein a rare case of a 21-year-old man with Rendu-Osler-Weber disease, otherwise known as hemorrhagic teleangiectasia, in whom a spontaneous hemothorax occurred following the rupture of one of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae (PAVF). An emergency life-saving operation was performed which revealed the ruptured fistula lying just beneath the ...
Demirel A - - 1993
Thirty-two cases of urinary vaginal fistulas treated surgically at our Department between 1985 and 1991 have been reviewed retrospectively. There were 26 cases of vesicovaginal fistulas, 1 case of urethrovaginal fistula and 5 cases of ureterovaginal fistulas. Gynaecological surgery was the leading cause of the fistulas (24/32). Eight cases of ...
Kato S - - 1993
Iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula of the superior mesenteric vessels is rare, with only 22 cases being documented. We report herein a case of a 63-year-old man with an iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula which developed after a small bowel resection for intestinal tuberculosis. The patient was admitted to our hospital for a gastric ...
Shvero J - - 1992
A case of fistulae in the inner canthus arising from the ethmoidal air cell sinuses is presented. This type of complication is very rare, and to the best of our knowledge no similar case has been reported in the literature. Clinical findings, imaging, pathology and treatment are presented and discussed.
Banet G A - - 1992
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are complex congenital vascular anomalies resulting from faulty embryonic development of arterial and venous structures. The present discussion will specifically address AVMs of the extremities. Complications of these lesions can include tissue damage, functional impairment and amputation. The article reviews current diagnostic procedures and treatment options. A ...
Matsumura M - - 1992
A case report of a 3-year-old girl with Kabuki make-up syndrome (KMS) associated with anovestibular fistula is presented. To our knowledge, 62 patients with KMS have been reported in the literature, three of whom were described as having an anorectal anomaly. Including the present patient, all four KMS patients were ...
Ghatak D P - - 1992
A retrospective study was conducted on 361 women to evaluate the factors influencing the development of urinary fistula. Primipara women (69.8%) in the age group of 15-19 years (51.52%) with a height less than 150 cm (68.14%) were most frequently affected. Prolonged labour (82.79%), spontaneous delivery (57.92%) and delivery by ...
Besson R - - 1992
The appearance of a recto-perineal fistula post-operatively in an intermediate type of anorectal malformation is rare. It always gives rise to incontinence. However, the closure of this fistula is particularly difficult since recurrence is frequent. The following case report concerns a patient who after several unsuccessful attempts to close the ...
Sanna M - - 1992
The management of chronic ear disease affecting the only hearing ear is a controversial subject. The relative scarcity of literature on the subject prompted us to prepare a questionnaire which was sent to European and American otologists and to review 19 cases operated at the ENT Clinic of the University ...
Bogey W M WM - - 1992
Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare, frequently fatal cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Although several causes have been described, it appears that the most common cause is rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm into the esophagus, occurring in approximately 12% of thoracic aneurysm ruptures. Although the entity was originally described in ...
Bell M D - - 1992
An 85-year-old demented woman died in the state hospital and her death was investigated by our office, based on allegations of neglect. At autopsy, a feeding catheter was found passed through an esophageal-atrial fistula into the left atrium. Fragments of striated muscle and plant wall (cellulose) embolized to the systemic ...
Ledbetter D J - - 1992
Fetal injury is a potential complication of amniocentesis. We report the case of an infant who had an isolated arteriovenous fistula between the popliteal artery and vein that resulted from amniocentesis. Unlike the usual congenital arteriovenous communications that are multiple and difficult to treat, this case was completely cured by ...
Dandapat M C - - 1992
Sixty cases of oral cancer (2 were of stage II and other 58 were of stage III and stage IV) were treated and observed over a period of 2 years. In patients of oral cancer with bone involvement and mobile cervical nodes (44 cases) local excision which included partial or ...
Munnings H A - - 1992
Primary aorto-oesophageal fistula is a rare cause of massive and usually fatal gastrointestinal hemorrhage. We herein present a case of a 62-year-old chronic alcohol abuser who had a small haematemesis after a week of persistent vomiting. He succumbed to an exsanguinating bleed 36 hours after admission. An aorto-oesophageal fistula was ...
Britz R S - - 1992
A medically unit elderly man who had documented healing of a gastrocolic fistula with conservative measures only is described. Only 5 such cases have previously been reported. Closure without surgery is a rare event and, in this case, was most probably aided by withdrawal of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
Chen W C - - 1992
The case of a 50-year-old woman with congenital bronchoesophageal fistula is presented. The patient had symptoms of hemoptysis provoked by ingestion of liquids for 2 years. A barium swallow examination showed a bronchoesophageal fistula communicating between the middle third of the esophagus and right intermediate bronchus. An orifice of the ...
Tekkok I H - - 1992
Congenital arteriovenous communications involving the external carotid artery and the jugular vein(s) are exceptionally rare. We report two cases of congenital external carotid-jugular fistulae with clinical, radiological, and surgical features and a review of the literature. The prospects of endovascular treatment and the limits of surgery are discussed.
Thomas R B - - 1992
Cutaneous fistulas to the vas deferens are a rare occurrence. A careful review of the literature revealed only 16 cases reported within the last 70 years. We present a case of such a fistula occurring after inguinal orchiectomy for suppurative epididymo-orchitis and review the etiologies of all reported cases to ...
Rocca J R - - 1992
Volatiles emitted byAnastrepha suspensa andAnastrepha ludens males were trapped and compared by GC-MS. Both species emitted previously reported nine-carbon alcohols, (Z)-3-nonenol and (Z,Z)-3,6-nonadienol, and epimeric lactones, anastrephin and epianastrephin. A third isomeric lactone, the macrolide suspensolide, which was previously known only fromA. suspensa is reported here for the first time ...
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