Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 666
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Kajbafzadeh A M - - 1997
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the renal pedicle is a rare complication of nephrectomy. Since the 1st case report in the literature, 62 cases have been reported in the world literature. A continuous abdominal or lumbar bruit is diagnosed. They may also present with symptoms of congestive heart failure and/or hypertension. ...
Pohl J F - - 1997
The author reports a case of an abdominovaginal fistula caused by a Dacron buttress needle urethropexy. In one case this occurred 12 years after the original procedure. Inadequate identification and removal of the Dacron buttress 9 and 10 years after the original needle urethropexy may have predisposed to the development ...
Vanclooster C - - 1997
A retrospective analysis has been conducted of 57 labyrinthine fistulae found in 375 cholesteatoma cases, primarily treated by removal of the matrix of the cholesteatoma and covering the fistula with a mixture of bone paste and fibrin glue. CT-scan with slices of 1 mm demonstrated the fistula in almost 90% ...
Kubota M - - 1997
Pyriform sinus fistula recurs when a complete excision of the fistula has not been made. As a supportive technique for this radical operation, the authors performed an intraoperative endoscopic examination of the pyriform sinus for the cannulation or dye injection of the tract in four cases. In three cases, the ...
Weber S M - - 1996
Traumatic tracheoesophageal fistula is an uncommon injury after blunt chest injury. Rapid deceleration against the steering wheel during a high-speed motor vehicle crash is the usual mechanism of injury. Previous reports document few cases of delayed diagnosis and repair of tracheoesophageal fistula. We report a case of delayed diagnosis of ...
Kunin J - - 1996
A high rectovaginal fistula associated with schistosomiasis is reported in a 19-year-old Ethiopian woman. The case history is reviewed for clinical presentation, results of preoperative investigations, and operative and pathologic findings. Operative treatment consisted of a low anterior resection with division of the fistula and primary colorectal anastomosis. Histologic analysis ...
Hicks B A - - 1996
Congenital atresia of the larynx is a rare, life-threatening anomaly in which early recognition and appropriate perinatal management are essential for survival. Few long-term survivors have been reported in the literature, with most documented cases studied at necropsy. The authors present a case of a full-term male newborn with Smith ...
Flynn M K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Successful nonsurgical therapy of uterine arteriovenous malformations is rare, with most cases being diagnosed at hysterectomy. CASE: A uterine arteriovenous malformation was diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound, and its resolution after 1 week of treatment with methylergonovine maleate was observed. CONCLUSION: Although there are case reports regarding treatment of uterine ...
Benjamin D S - - 1996
We report the first case of a duodenal-inferior vena caval (IVC) fistula resulting from locally recurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A 45-year-old man presented with gross hematuria and underwent a right radical nephrectomy to treat a solid renal mass. Histologic evaluation showed RCC, Stage pT3aN0M0. The patient presented 21 months ...
Lesho E P - - 1996
Gastrointestinal bleeding caused by a duodenocaval fistula is rare, diagnostically challenging, and associated with a high mortality rate. We describe the case of a patient with polymicrobial fungemia and fatal gastrointestinal bleeding related to a duodenocaval fistula caused by peptic ulcer. Polymicrobial fungemia, which has not previously been associated with ...
Whinney D J - - 1996
We present a rare case in which barotrauma led to fracture of the stapes footplate and perilymph fistula, resulting in sudden severe sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus. Surgical repair in this case resulted in excellent hearing recovery. The aetiology and management of inner ear barotrauma and stapes injury is discussed. ...
Khandelwal M - - 1996
A bronchobiliary fistula is a rare entity that manifests as bilioptysis. We report a 73-year-old woman with a hepato-cellular carcinoma who developed a bronchobiliary fistula. Endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy and insertion of a prosthesis led to successful resolution of symptoms and restoration of normal bile flow. We review the pertinent literature ...
Santoreneos S - - 1996
The clinical, radiological and pathological findings of four cases of primary intraventricular haemorrhage secondary to choroid plexus arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are described and the relevant literature reviewed. In three of the cases the diagnosis was confirmed or made at autopsy. The fourth case survived to undergo craniotomy followed by radiosurgery ...
Ozek E - - 1996
Two cases of neonatal intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to rupture of arteriovenous malformation are reported and the pertinent literature is reviewed. Despite the limited number of cases, review of the literature and our results demonstrate that the outcome of surgical removal of an arteriovenous malformation in the neonatal period is not ...
Luketich J D - - 1996
A 66-year-old woman presented with a bronchoesophagopleural fistula 10 weeks after thoracic photodynamic therapy for malignant mesothelioma. This is the third reported case of an esophagopleural fistula developing subsequent to photodynamic therapy for mesothelioma. We review the literature on this topic and report our successful management of this complication.
Calzolari F - - 1996
Hemimegalencephaly (HME) is a rare neuronal migration anomaly, rarely associated with hemihypertrophy or some other somatic malformation; it can coexist with intracranial arteriovenous shunts which cause cardiac failure. We report a rare case associated with hemihypertrophy of the face, trunk and limbs and malformation of the feet. The neuroradiological findings ...
Ginsberg D A - - 1996
A case of a traumatic pyeloduodenal fistula secondary to a gunshot wound is reported. After initial conservative management failed, the fistula tract was surgically excised without removal of the involved kidney. Previous treatments of pyeloduodenal fistulas secondary to gunshot wounds have involved nephrectomy. We present the first case of a ...
Ito M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Although cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an established cause of trigeminal neuralgia, dural AVM has rarely been reported to cause tic douloureux. Treatment of dural AVM in the tentorial and torcular regions by transarterial embolization is rarely curative. It has recently been proposed that many cranial dural AVMs with ...
Johnson I J - - 1996
A case is presented of a rare congenital anomaly of the fourth branchial arch, which presented as an abscess in the anterior triangle, related to a fistula communicating with the pyriform fossa. Histopathological examination showed the fistula to be associated with thyroid tissue supporting the hypothesis that the ventral wing ...
Kurl S - - 1996
A case report and review of the literature of 16 dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) involving the superior sagittal sinus region are presented. In our case, magnetic resonance angiography detected the DAVF with multiple arterial feeding vessels from both external carotid arteries. The patient was successfully treated endovascularly, with complete occlusion ...
Trachiotis G D - - 1996
A case of tracheogastric fistula after laryngopharyngoesophagectomy for cervical esophageal cancer is described. The surgical management of the tracheogastric fistula is detailed and accompanied by a pertinent review of the literature. The one-stage repair in this report can provide an effective palliation or definitive treatment for this debilitating and unusual ...
Chao Y H - - 1996
Labyrinthine fistula in chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma most commonly involves the horizontal semicircular canal. We report three cases of cochlear fistula in chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. All of them had a long history of otorrhea. One patient had total hearing loss of the affected side. The other two ...
Currarino G - - 1996
The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the anorectal fistulas occurring in male imperforate anus, with a suggested classification based on the site of termination of the fistula, namely, the bladder, the urethra, and the perineum. The fistulas included in these categories are discussed in some ...
Yamamoto N - - 1996
Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula without atresia can persist and remain undetected without symptoms until adulthood. We have recently encountered such a rare case and also conducted a review of the literature. Symptoms are commonly present during infancy, but occasionally patients do not develop symptoms until adulthood. In this case, it is ...
Gupta N P - - 1996
The authors present a case of ureterovaginal fistula following laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, which was successfully managed by ureteroneocystostomy with bladder psoas hitch.
Lee T T - - 1996
A case of a left temporo-occipital arteriovenous malformation associated with a pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is described. The patient had the vascular lesion with a stable right hemiparesis for many years prior to his recent clinical deterioration. Correlation is made with nine previously reported cases of angiogliomas. With the close proximity and ...
Tancer M L - - 1996
Genital fistulas that complicate diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon may no longer be considered esoteric, or even rare phenomena. The vast majority of such lesions present with a foul, often fecal, sometimes purulent and occasionally blood-tinged, vaginal discharge for which patients customarily first seek relief from their gynecologists. Despite ...
O'Reilly S A - - 1995
Adult Arnold-Chiari malformation, also known as Chiari malformation type I, typically occurs in women during early adulthood and can be a cause of unexplained headaches, as well as associated syringomyelocele. In this unique case report, a 32-year-old, postpartum woman with posturally induced headache from Chiari malformation type I had symptoms ...
Aktuğ T - - 1995
To the authors' knowledge, there had been no reported pediatric case of total cicatrization of the stomach owing to acid ingestion. The authors report a case caused by sulfuric acid ingestion. When admitted, the child did not have any oral intake and was fed through a jejunostomy, which had been ...
Tsukada T - - 1995
We report a very rare case of tuberculous colitis that showed relatively long-segment involvement of the colon near the hepatic flexure with coloduodenal fistula that caused severe malnutrition. The formation of fistula in abdominal tuberculosis is very rare. This is the eighth reported case of abdominal tuberculosis with fistula and ...
Kennedy F R - - 1995
We report the cases of two patients who developed aortoesophageal fistulae after sustaining gunshot wounds to the chest. One suddenly exsanguinated 5 hours postinjury while in the angiography suite. The other manifested 4 weeks postinjury while in a rehabilitation hospital for associated spinal cord injury. The diagnosis and management were ...
Said S A - - 1995
The coronary angiographic features of four new cases of congenital coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVFs) are described, and the angiograms of 15 reported cases are reviewed. The morphologic appearance of CAVFs varied from a small discrete single channel to a highly complex plexiform network with a maze of fine vessels. The ...
Yeong K Y - - 1995
Primary aorto-enteric fistula is an uncommon but lethal disease. The key to patient survival is early diagnosis and treatment. Angiography may be diagnostic. However, angiographic documentation of this condition is rare as the patients are usually very ill when the decision for angiography is made. A case of primary aorto-enteric ...
Zaitz C - - 1995
We present a case of subcutaneous hyalohyphomycosis due to Acremonium recifei, a species whose habitat is probably the soil, first identified in 1934 by Arêa Leão and Lobo in a case of podal eumycetoma with white-yellowish grains and initially named Cephalosporium recifei. A white immunocompetent female patient from the state ...
Mercader V P - - 1995
Vesicouterine fistulas are a rare complication of obstetrical-gynecological interventions and are the least common of the acquired urogenital fistulas. They are almost solely associated with cesarean section. A case is reported in which a patient with adenomyosis and pelvic adhesions presented with menouria (vesical menstruation) after uterine biopsy. A vesicocorporeal ...
Himy R - - 1995
We have identified the first French cases of cyanobacterium-like bodies (CLB) or cyclosporidia in the feces of two immunocompetent patients who presented with a persistent diarrheal syndrome after a visit to India and Nepal.1 We take this opportunity to review the available data on this new microorganism.
Radonić V - - 1995
Posttraumatic arteriovenous fistulas affecting the superior mesenteric artery and vein are extremely rare. Twenty-four cases of posttraumatic superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistulas (SMAVFs) have been reported. We presented two cases of SMAVFs occurring in a young woman and man secondary to a gunshot and a grenade shrapnel wound in the epigastrium, ...
Miyauchi A - - 1995
We report herein the case of a 20-year-old woman in whom an enormous aneurysmal portahepatic venous fistula was found. The portal aneurysm developed in the anterior inferior segment of the right hepatic lobe, and communicated with the right portal vein and the right hepatic vein. Due to the enormous size ...
Symon L - - 1995
Posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations are uncommon lesions accounting for between 7 and 18% of all intracranial arteriovenous malformations. They have a greater incidence of haemorrhage and a higher morbidity and mortality if untreated compared with those localized in the supratentorial compartment. We report our experience with 28 cases of posterior ...
Palma L - - 1995
Reporting two cases of cavernous angioma closely associated with oligo-astrocytoma we were stimulated to revise the proper use of the term "angioglioma", introduced by Councilman 80 years ago7. In the past this term was often used in a merely descriptive sense i.e. either to give a name to an exceptional ...
Uchino A - - 1995
We report a patient in whom a varix occurred with a venous angioma, a rare combination of cerebral vascular malformations. During our review of the 7 previously reported cases, we discovered that all 8 venous angiomas were relatively large and supratentorial, and that the varices involved the veins draining then.
Morimoto T - - 1995
A case of intracranial vertebral arteriovenous fistula is reported. The treatment of choice for this particular vascular malformation is controversial because of the difficulty of management of the intracranial portion of the lesion. We here report a case treated successfully by direct surgery. Its anatomical delineation and operative approach are ...
Murthy P - - 1994
Congenital first branchial cleft fistulae, their embryology, anomalies, varied relationships to the facial nerve and surgical techniques for their excision have been well described in the literature. We report a case of a type II first cleft fistula in a three-year-old child which required a modification of the standard surgical ...
Moulton S L - - 1994
The authors report the case of a 1,500-g baby boy with microgastria, vascular ring, tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), and the VATER association. Despite repair of the TEF and placement of a gastrostomy tube, he failed to thrive and had recurrent bouts of aspiration pneumonia. Gastric augmentation at 8 months of age ...
Akai T - - 1994
A female infant manifested a rare case of spontaneous regression of a vascular malformation in the occipital lobe after removal of another arteriovenous malformation in the frontal lobe. She was born with multiple nevi on the face, body, and upper and lower extremities. She demonstrated developmental retardation at 8 months ...
Kumar R V - - 1994
We report a case of impaction of stone fragments in the lower ureter after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in situ of an upper ureteral calculus resulted in a ureterovaginal fistula. Ureteroscopic retrieval of fragments and stenting provided symptomatic relief. The pathogenesis of this complication, which to our knowledge has not ...
Kothbauer K - - 1994
The case of a 73-year-old patient with a pure dural arteriovenous fistula within the falx cerebri, first manifested as subarachnoid and intraventricular haemorrhage is reported. There was no positive history for both the congenital and the acquired type of lesion. Computed tomographic findings and the relatively unusual angiographic features are ...
Finkelstein R R Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, - - 1994
Enterobronchial fistulas are extremely rare. Herein we describe a 69-year-old man who had previously undergone resection of a gastric adenocarcinoma. He was hospitalized because of a fever, cough that produced brown sputum, dyspnea at rest, and an 18-kg weight loss during the previous year. A jejunobronchial fistula was diagnosed when ...
Mahaisavariya P - - 1994
Nontraumatic atrial-esophageal fistula is a catastrophic problem usually diagnosed postmortem and almost invariably fatal. We report the first case of a patient in whom the diagnosis of atrial-esophageal fistula was made from a transthoracic echocardiography antemortem. Echocardiography showed multiple microbubbles in the left atrium and ventricle emanating from the posterior ...
Tornambe R - - 1994
Hair transplantation has become one of the most common cosmetic procedures in men. Complications are reported to be rare. Eight cases of arteriovenous fistulae following the procedure have been recorded in the literature, occurring anywhere from a few weeks to several months after the transplantation. This presentation, the ninth case, ...
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