Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 673
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De José María B - - 2000
Complete tracheal agenesis is a very rare congenital anomaly that is only compatible with life in some cases with associated tracheo-oesophageal or broncho-oesophageal fistula. In most cases, concomitant congenital anomalies of the heart, digestive tract or genitourinary tract are present. It should be suspected in any neonate with a history ...
Ortale J R - - 2000
The ramification of the portal vein in the right hemiliver was studied by anatomic dissection in 36 formalin-fixed human livers. In 28/36 (77.8%) cases, the portal vein bifurcated into a right branch and a left branch and the right branch bifurcated into anterior and posterior segmental branches. The anterior segmental ...
Chang H K - - 2000
We describe a case of Behçet's disease (BD) which showed the ileocecal ulcer and cecocecal fistula. This 38-year-old man had appendectomy six years ago because of colicky pain in the right lower abdomen (RLA). There are some reports on fistula formation in BD. In those, some are related to surgery ...
Łapiński M - - 2000
The mechanical suture was introduced into thoracic surgical procedures by Amonosow and Androsow, Soviet surgeons, in the late 50s. The aim of the paper is to compare the incidence of bronchopleural fistulae that develop after the mechanical suture has been applied in bronchus surgery with the corresponding figures for traditional ...
Bashir Q Q Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois; Illinois, - - 1999
A case of traumatic, direct, carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) associated with Ehlers - Danlos syndrome (EDS) Type IV is reported along with a review of the literature. Excluding the present case, three similar cases associated with EDSTypeJV have already been reported by Gerard M. Debrun et Al(l). Despite the risks ...
da Silva E S - - 1999
Aortoesophageal fistula induced by atherosclerotic thoracic aortic aneurysm is rare, but is usually a fatal disorder, with few survivors reported. We report the case of a 72-year-old man with aortoesophageal fistula successfully treated in a two-stage operation. In the first stage, we performed resection and replacement of the aortic aneurysm ...
Jeon H M - - 1999
Fistula between the bowels and an ovarian carcinoma is recognized but rare complication. Internal malignant fistula of the gastrointestinal tract involving two or more loops of different segments of the bowel and genitourinary structure are rare. The colon is frequently one of the participating loops. In reviewing the literature, however, ...
Goenka P - - 1999
Colonic diverticular disease can lead to various complications. We describe a case of an 81-yr-old man who was found to have intrabiliary air on computed tomography of the abdomen. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and subsequent surgical exploration of the abdomen revealed an ascending colonic diverticulum penetrating into the gall bladder. Colocholecystic ...
Pothula V B - - 1999
Septorhinoplasty is a very common operation in otolaryngological practice. We report the second case of a carotico-cavernous fistula following septorhinoplasty. This case presented with very severe epistaxis before the appearance of the typical pulsating exophthalmos, ophthalmoplegia, headache and engorged veins on the right side of the face. Our case was ...
Chung Y G - - 1999
A 62-year-old woman was evaluated for tinnitis and headache. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography revealed the coexistence of a tentorial tumor encroaching the junction of the right transverse-sigmoid sinuses, and dural arteriovenous fistulous malformation (AVFM) of the right transverse sinus. AVFM was not manipulated at all during the surgery. The ...
Fitzpatrick M O - - 1999
The authors report a case of anterior sacral meningocele associated with a rectal fistula in a patient who had presented 20 years earlier with bacterial meningitis. To their knowledge, this is the first case in which a rectal fistula developed due to an anterior sacral meningocele. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, ...
Nelson D - - 1999
The Wallstent I and II esophageal endoprostheses are effective in the palliation of malignant esophageal obstruction and the closure of digestive-respiratory fistulas. The author reviews the evolution of the Wallstent esophageal endoprosthesis and techniques for successful insertion, and summarizes the published literature with regard to clinical outcomes of the European ...
Cantisani P L - - 1999
A case of hypertensive endoventricular pneumocephalus associated with rhinoliquorrea raised after about 2 years from the application of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt for hydrocephalus by stenosis of aqueduct is presented. The causes of such complication and diagnostic possibilities to point out the fistula by CT and ventricular cisternography are to talk over. ...
Sheridan M F - - 1999
Inner ear barotrauma among scuba divers is believed to be caused by any of three conditions: a hemorrhage in the inner ear, a tear of the labyrinthine membrane, or a perilymphatic fistula. These injuries may occur concurrently or separately. Hemorrhage and membrane rupture are managed conservatively, while fistula requires surgical ...
Brown P W - - 1999
Primary aortoenteric fistulae (AEFs) are extremely rare vascular entities, with fewer than 250 cases reported in the world medical literature as of 1996. Incidence is less than 1 per cent, with a mortality ranging from 33 to 85 per cent. Atherosclerosis remains the most common etiology, accounting for more than ...
Aragona F - - 1999
The development of a reno-jejunal fistula following a Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy for an incorrectly diagnosed pancreatic pseudocyst is described. Up to now, this is the second case of iatrogenic reno-jejunal fistula reported in literature. Reno-jejunal fistulas are exceedingly rare and are usually consequences of urologic pathologies of infectious origin. Reno-jejunal fistulas ...
Bach D - - 1999
From 1.1.1993 to 12.31.1995 we performed 761 consecutive biopsies on 509 non-selected patients. The most frequent diagnoses in 351 biopsies (39.4%) on native kidneys were 262 cases of glomerulonephritis (74.6%) and 167 of so-called benign nephrosclerosis (47.6%). With 410 biopsies (60.6%) on allograft kidneys 219 cases (78%) showed signs of ...
Yang C C - - 1999
Abnormal deposits of calcium in the injured and necrotic tissue (dystrophic calcification) are not considered to be rare conditions in human pathologic records. We report a severe case of bilateral gluteal calcification that has not often been found in the literature. It was caused by multiple intramuscular and/or subcutaneous injections. ...
Lynch C M - - 1999
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a rare form of the sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. In the United States, there are fewer than 350 cases per year. In a review of the world's literature, there has not been a case reported in the last thirty years of a case ...
Williams S M - - 1999
Diverticular disease is a common condition in Western countries. The formation of inflammatory fistulae, usually from sigmoid colon to bladder or vagina, can be a feature of complicated cases of the disorder and is normally an indication for surgical intervention. We present a case of colosalpingeal fistulation occurring secondary to ...
Agarwala S - - 1999
Pyloric atresia (PA) is an uncommon anomaly that may be associated with many other congenital anomalies, the commonest of which is junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB). Most of the cases of PA associated with JEB (Herlitz syndrome) reported have been fatal. A case of PA associated with JEB, malrotation, and a ...
Kalmár K - - 1999
Two successfully managed cases of esophageal replacement for cancer complicated by neoesophagotracheal fistula are described. In both cases radical esophagectomy with a gastric pull-up was performed. In the postoperative period different complications necessitated prolonged ventilatory support and tracheostomy. In both cases a tracheo-gastric fistula developed probably because of the ischaemic ...
Suzuki M - - 1999
The leaking labyrinthine lesion is treated by conservative methods or surgical procedures. With respect to the stapes, the surgical treatment is controversial. Five cases of middle ear injuries accompanying oval window rupture are reported herein. In each case, direct force through the auditory canal damaged not only the ossicular chain ...
Kobayashi E E Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine; Chiba University; Chiba, Japan - - - 1998
We report a case of cerebral arteriovenous fistula (AVF) associated with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Although the patient had no symptoms from the cerebral AVF, the AVF was successfully embolised using a twostaged double provocative test. We reviewed the literature of HHT and have concluded that there are two types ...
Cohen M S - - 1998
Unless ventilation is achieved within minutes of delivery, patients with congenital laryngeal atresia will not survive. There are 2 settings in which survival is more likely: a tracheotomy may be immediately performed in the delivery room, or a communication may exist between the airway and the pharynx, allowing for air ...
Artico M - - 1998
Two basic patterns of venous drainage of the stomach were found in rabbits. In the first, which is highly prevalent (27 cases-90.0%), the v. gastroepiploica dextra is present while no such vein is present in the second one. Other venous channels are represented by the v. gastrica sinistra and by ...
Waikittipong S - - 1998
A case of congenital H-type tracheoesophageal fistula was reported. A five-year-old male presented with the symptom of coughing and choking during eating. He had experienced the symptom since the neonatal period. He was frequently admitted with the diagnosis of pneumonia but the definite diagnosis has never been established. The esophagogram ...
Maeda Y - - 1998
We describe the case of a 45-year-old woman with a ureterocolic fistula caused by colonic diverticulitis. She had a 10-year history of intermittent left flank pain that had not been treated. The fistulous tract between the left ureter and sigmoid colon was confirmed by retrograde urography and a barium enema. ...
Thakral C L - - 1998
The occurrence of a coexisting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia (EA) with distal tracheoesophageal fistula is extremely rare and is considered highly lethal. Only 19 cases of CDH with EA have been reported in the world literature to date. This is a very challenging clinical problem, and the ...
Holmes M - - 1998
Ureteroarterial fistulae are extremely rare after previous vascular surgery. Eight cases have been described in the English literature. This is the first example of a vascular communication between the aorta and the ureter. All previous cases were ureteroiliac fistulae. Known hydronephrosis in the presence of prior vascular grafting and heavy ...
Jougon J - - 1998
We herein report a case of unsuturable tracheoesophageal fistula developed after chemotherapy of a mediastinal lymphoma. Esophageal exclusion was primary performed to prevent continued contamination of the respiratory tract. In a second stage procedure the fistula was patched with the esophageal posterior wall and the digestive tract was restored by ...
Nicholson D A - - 1998
Two cases of combined tracheal and oesophageal stenting for carcinoma of the upper oesophagus invading the tracheo-bronchial tree are described. Case 1 describes the complication of respiratory distress following insertion of a high oesophageal stent. This caused severe stridor which required tracheal stenting. In case 2 prophylactic stenting of the ...
Nawaz A - - 1998
This report describes a neonate with a very rare and an unusual variety of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. The anomaly consisted of esophageal atresia and double distal tracheoesophageal fistula. The two fistulae as well as part of the distal esophagus were made up of tracheobronchial tissues. The embryology of ...
Flanagan D A - - 1998
Urachal cysts are unusual anomalies resulting from incomplete closure of the urachus. They comprise 38 per cent of urachal abnormalities. They present commonly in childhood, and there are only 20 reported cases of urachal cysts presenting in a person over the age of 40. Only one reported case appears of ...
Bhatnagar V - - 1998
Two cases of recurrent and persistent respiratory symptoms after primary repair of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula are described. The diagnostic workup included barium swallow examination, radionuclide study for gastroesophageal reflux, and bronchoscopy. The tracheal diverticulum was detected on bronchoscopy. Treatment consisted of endoscopic cauterization of the mucosa of the ...
Villarejo F - - 1998
A case of tension pneumocephalus that occurred after ventriculoperitoneal shunting is presented. We have reviewed 12 cases of pneumocephalus in association with ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. This phenomenon occurs when air is forced through the shunt or enters through the cranial base because of: iatrogenic postsurgical connection, congenital fistula, trauma, or ...
Izawa Jonathan I. - - 1998
Appendicovesical fistulae are rare and occur secondary to acute or missed acute appendicitis. A 15 year old boy presented with urinary symptoms and a pelvic abscess on imaging studies. At laparotomy an appendicovesical fistula was encountered and was successfully managed by a right colectomy and ileal transverse colon anastomosis. The ...
Okuyama H - - 1998
A 2-year, 9-month-old boy had an umbilical fistula after repair of an inguinal hernia at 8 months of age. Fistulography findings showed a duct running from the umbilicus toward the inguinal wound. Pathological finding of the surgically removed fistula demonstrated granulomatous tissues containing silk ligature. Acquired umbilical fistula is a ...
Camps J I - - 1998
We report the case of a uretero-arterial fistula (UAF) formation in a 68 years old male who had previously undergone an Aortobifemoral graft. He got complicated with occlusion and infection of the right lower extremity requiring a right hip disarticulation for its management. This was followed by groin infection and ...
Defreyne L - - 1998
A case of chronic gastrointestinal hemorrhage caused by a small jejunal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is reported. Treatment by endovascular embolization was temporarily successful. Subsequently, the patient underwent laparoscopic resection, guided by intraoperative catheter localization with methylene blue. Histopathology confirmed a true AVM. Eighteen months after treatment, the patient is free ...
Carolin K A - - 1997
A case is presented of a patient who developed a gastrosplenic fistula during a course of chemotherapy for differentiated histiocytic lymphoma. The fistula was observed during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (gastroscopy) and confirmed by CT scan with contrast. The fistula was followed endoscopically and noted to have closed spontaneously with confirmed ...
Bowen J D - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: This is a report of two cases. OBJECTIVE: To document the occurrence and association of spondylolysis and Arnold-Chiari malformation Type I. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The association of spinal dysraphism has been reported with Arnold-Chiari Type II, but not with Arnold-Chiari Type I. METHODS: The senior author was ...
Pirouzmand F - - 1997
A spinal epidural arteriovenous fistula with secondary reflux into the perimedullary veins is a rare entity. The authors present such a case with a discussion of its pathophysiology and treatment. The mechanism for formation of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula is outlined based on the anatomical substrates in this region.
Siavelis H A - - 1997
An aorto-right ventricular fistula secondary to nonpenetrating trauma is described. Review of the literature is reported. Ascending aortic injuries present as either traumatic pseudoaneurysms or, less commonly, as aortocardiac fistulas. Blunt cardiac injury is a frequent concomitant injury and contributes to the high mortality of this lesion. Prompt surgical intervention ...
Kulkarni B - - 1997
Results of treatment of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have improved over the years. However, long gap atresias continue to be a problem and require modification in the conventional operation. Preoperative diagnosis of a long gap atresia in a case of TEF is difficult, and often the defect is noted only at ...
Simmang C L - - 1997
PURPOSE: A case of an adult patient with the anorectal malformation of a rectovestibular fistula successfully repaired by performing a posterior sagittal anorectoplasty is reported. This case should increase the awareness of both primary and secondary anorectal malformations in the adult patient. METHODS: Management and outcome of an adult patient ...
Gupta A - - 1997
A case of congenital fistula between the prostatic urethra and the perineal skin in a ten-months-old male child is reported. The fistula was lined by squamous epithelium. The precise embryological origin of this fistulous communication remains controversial. We believe that this anomaly is distinct from the congenital H-type urethro-anorectal fistula.
Van Roost D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The vascular malformations of the brain have been classified into arteriovenous, venous, cavernous, and capillary malformations as four discrete entities. Various combinations of two discrete malformations in one lesion have been reported, some of which can be considered as established associations, while others appear to be very rare. Mixed ...
Santos F - - 1997
Enterocutaneous fistulas are not a minor problem in gastrointestinal tract surgery. Significant reduction of mortality and morbidity has been attained but they still remain high. The authors report three clinical cases in which they sealed and treated enterocutaneous, chronic, iatrogenic fistulas by injecting biological glue (N-Butil 2-Cyanoacrylate-Histoacryl) into the internal ...
White D W - - 1997
Recto-vaginal fistula is well known to occur in association with imperforate anus. We describe the case of an isolated "H-type" recto-vaginal fistula with no other anorectal abnormalities. The patient presented at 2 months of age with a vulval abscess and passing faeces per vaginum. Unilateral renal agenesis was also seen ...
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