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Su Kuan-Wen - - 2006
Arteriovenous malformation is an uncommon cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children. It should be taken into consideration when a child has upper gastrointestinal bleeding because without proper management, it might be fatal. We report a 10-year-old boy whose initial presentation was massive hematemesis and impending shock. After angiography, arteriovenous ...
Nawawi O - - 2006
A case of an intracerebral bleed in a young man with a rare combination of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and unilateral moyamoya disease is presented. The location of the bleed in the left basal ganglia corresponded to the area supplied by the basal moyamoya vessels. The AVM which received supply from ...
Ho Jeffrey D - - 2007
The clinical condition of profound hypothermia is well described in the medical literature. There have been many case reports and studies describing successful aspects of caring for this problem. Significant bradycardia is a known pathophysiologic consequence of profound hypothermia. Transcutaneous pacing for this condition is not a routine or recommended ...
Ng Joanne - - 2006
Minor degrees of exomphalos have been known to be associated with vitellointestinal duct anomalies. The most frequent association is Meckel's diverticulum. It is unusual for a fistula to be communicating directly with the exomphalos sac. We report five neonates that presented with a fistula on the exomphalos sac over a ...
Sato Shinsuke - - 2006
Postoperative fistulas are among the most difficult and distressing of surgical problems. We describe a case of a discharging fistula that developed after low anterior resection and was successfully treated with a new biologic adhesive agent, gelatin-resorcin-formal glue. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a postoperative ...
Placantonakis Dimitris G - - 2006
Intradiploic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collections represent a rare complication of either head trauma or neurosurgical procedures. Their formation is thought to depend partly on violation of the meninges and the inner cortical bone abutting the neuraxis. The authors present two pediatric cases involving diploic CSF collections following neurosurgical interventions. In ...
Yokoyama Minato - - 2006
Vesicouterine fistula is a rare complication of cesarean section. Although surgical repair was mandatory for the management of the fistula previously, a recent review showed high efficacy of hormonal manipulation by the induction of amenorrhea. Herein, we report a new case of vesicouterine fistula secondary to cesarean section successfully treated ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
The caudal end of the human embryo is a major site of multipotential cells. We now present two cases of simultaneous arteriovenous malformation and lipomyelomeningocele and review the literature regarding this potential association. In the context of rarity and following a review of the literature, both an arteriovenous malformation and ...
Linnane Barry M - - 2006
Bronchopulmonary foregut malformations are a group of rare congenital anomalies affecting the respiratory and upper gastrointestinal tract. The rarity of these cases means their embryological origin continues to be a source of controversy. We present the case of a female infant, born at term with a malformed right arm, an ...
Hisham Raja B - - 2006
Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma is a rare tumor which may be associated with long-standing chronic perianal sepsis. Early diagnosis is challenging and is based on a high index of clinical suspicion and specific histological features. Definitive treatment is surgical, in the form of an abdomino-perineal resection. We hereby describe a case ...
Yazgan Yusuf - - 2006
Dyskeratosis congenita is an unusual inherited disease characterized by the triad of abnormal skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and mucosal leukoplakia. Bone marrow failure and various abnormalities including genitourinary, pulmonary, skeletal, neurological, ophthalmic, dental and gastrointestinal have been reported. Portal hypertension is an extremely rare manifestation. Although arterio-venous fistulas in the ...
Kakisaka Tatsuhiko - - 2006
Alveolar echinococcosis is a parasitosis endemic to red fox habitats in the northern hemisphere. The liver is the most commonly affected organ, followed by the lungs. We report the case of an elderly woman with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) complicated by a hepatopulmonary fistula. We performed a one-stage operation for ...
Oh Young S - - 2006
Pancreaticopleural fistulas are a rare complication of pancreatitis. We report two cases from our institution and review 37 cases of pancreaticopleural fistulas identified in the literature. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was more sensitive compared to computed tomography in demonstrating pancreaticopleural fistulas (79% versus 43%, respectively). Medical therapy with total parenteral nutrition, ...
Sarin Y K - - 2005
We report a case of a male newborn with asymmetrical epispadic diphallia and congenital urethral fistula, and exomphalos minor. A segment of bowel was attached in the region of the pubis; with no communication to the underlying bowel. This was excised; histological examination revealed this to be a colonic remnant. ...
Zhao Xian - - 2005
Colobronchial fistula after coloesophageal interposition is a rare complication that has only been reported once in the English surgical literature. We report the case of a 53-year-old man who presented with chronic respiratory complaints. He had previously undergone esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction. The fistula was controlled by ...
Lu Kuan-Ta - - 2005
Tracheo-innominate artery fistula (TIF) is a rare but fatal complication after tracheostomy. There are no reports of survival without surgical intervention. We report a patient with an undiagnosed TIF who suffered massive bleeding from tracheostomy when we replaced the tracheostomy tube with an oral endotracheal tube. We emphasize the importance ...
Islam Saleem - - 2005
We report the case of an 11-year-old girl with an aortobronchial fistula as a complication from an invasive aspergillosis in the lung. This very rare problem has not been reported in children, to our knowledge. Management of Aspergillus infections of the lung in children and aortobronchial fistulas is reviewed.
Raghavendran Krishnan - - 2005
Thoracic aortic aneurysm with fistulization into the trachea or the esophagus is usually a lethal complication. An unusual case of combined aortotracheal and aortoesophageal fistulae is presented here. The patient had a successful outcome after resection of the aneurysm with tracheal repair and esophageal resection. A review of literature on ...
Rerkasem K - - 2005
Chronic traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare complication of vascular injury, and few papers have reported on its consequences to the venous system, that is, venous insufficiency. The author has highlighted this problem with 2 case reports in this case presentation. One patient had recurrent chronic ulcer of the ...
Goshtasby Parviz - - 2005
Aortoenteric fistulas (AEFs) are abnormal communications between the aorta and the bowel most frequently resulting from prosthetic graft erosion. Despite advances in surgery and medical technology, these entities are still associated with significant morbidity and mortality for the patient. Multiple case reports and reviews have attempted to elucidate the nature ...
Gupta Rishi - - 2005
We report a case of a patient who developed a remote dural arteriovenous fistula involving the left sigmoid sinus 4 months after successful transarterial embolization of a carotid cavernous fistula. This rare occurrence has been reported after transvenous embolization, but this represents the first case, to our knowledge, after transarterial ...
Rushton V E - - 2005
This report presents an unusual case of spontaneous salivary otorrhoea in which advanced imaging was used to identify a developmental defect in the anterior wall of the bony external auditory meatus. This defect, the so-called foramen of Huschke, was subsequently found to be the source of the fistula. A review ...
Dix F P - - 2006
AIMS: To review the available literature regarding patency rates and complications of the brachial-basilic arterio-venous fistula (BBAVF) and to discuss this with relation to the current dialysis outcomes quality initiative guidelines. METHODS: An internet based literature search was performed using Pubmed, Medline and Medscape databases to identify all published reports ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2005
Anorectal malformations are one of the common congenital anomalies encountered in the newborn period. The plethora of anomalies described makes it a complex subject for embryological explanations. Fistulous communications between the blind rectum and the urinary tract are common in boys with high/intermediate anomalies, but it is uncommon in children ...
Coskun Berna Uslu - - 2005
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the head and neck is a rare vascular anomaly but when present is persistent and progressive in nature and can represent itself truly as a lethal benign disease. We present here an unusual case of an AVM with the size of 1.5 cm x 0.8 cm ...
Aydogan K - - 2005
Malignant atrophic papulosis (MAP) is a rare, obliterating vasculopathy affecting multiple systems, frequently with a poor prognosis. Although cutaneous lesions are often the initial presentation, systemic involvement is also common, usually with a fatal outcome. Involvement of the genitalia is very rare. We describe a 45-year-old male patient with multisytemic ...
Cunát V - - 2005
The occurrence of coexisting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia (EA) with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is extremely rare and is considered highly lethal. The combination of CDH with EA/TEF and truncus arteriosus communis (TAC) has not been reported in the literature to date. The authors describe a premature ...
Alkatib M - - 2005
Vesicouterine fistulae are uncommon, with most units reporting 1-5 cases over 5-15-year periods. To date there has been a paucity of case reports regarding this problem and only a few case series. In this report we outline the presentation and management of a vesicouterine fistula complicating a repeat Cesarean delivery, ...
Seguier-Lipszyc E - - 2005
Oesophageal atresia can be associated with communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformations, the most common being the oesophageal bronchus. Lung resection may be mandatory, but conservative treatment correcting the abnormal airway has been proposed, raising the difficult issue of perioperative ventilatory support. The authors report a case of successful reimplantation of oesophageal ...
Goel A - - 2005
We report a 36 year-old woman who presented with headaches and hypoesthesia of the face. MRI revealed a large dumbbell shaped trigeminal neurinoma extending into both the middle and the posterior cranial fossae. In addition, there was a Chiari I malformation and syringomyelia. Within two months of tumor resection, both ...
Thambidorai C R - - 2005
Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is preferred by most pediatric surgeon and intermediate types of anorectal anomalies (ARA) in infants. In this report, we describe two girls who presented in their late teens with ARA and were treated by PSARP. Prior to this report, only two adult females with congenital rectovaginal ...
Bordignon Kelly C - - 2005
In a 52-year-old woman, spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) has been associated with what has been known as Foix-Alajouanine syndrome. The pathophysiology of the AV fistula is probably related to increased venous pressure from the AVM plus thrombotic process. The most common initial symptoms are sensory disturbance, pain and leg weakness. ...
Nouira Yassine - - 2005
We report a case of vesicouterine fistula as a complication of forceps delivery revealed by urinary incontinence in a 68-year-old woman. Diagnosis was confirmed by examination and cystography. The treatment was a transperitoneal excision of the fistula. The literature is briefly reviewed and the treatment options are discussed.
Sugawara T - - 2005
Multiple spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have been rarely reported and only two such cases are found in the literature. A 71-year-old man complained of muscle weakness and hypesthesia in both legs and angiographically diagnosed as thoracic DAVF. The fistula was surgically treated, however, the symptoms recurred 14 months after ...
Jaiswal P - - 2005
In developed countries, open prostatectomy for benign disease is now reserved for large prostates. This is not the case in the developing world where Millin's prostatectomy continues to be an important procedure, perhaps due to lack of endoscopic technology and training. We report a case of vesico-cutaneous fistula as a ...
Desal H A - - 2005
We report the follow-up of a previously published case (Forlodou et al. Neuroradiology 38:595-597, 1996) of carotido-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) in a patient presenting with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS 4) that were successfully treated twice by an endovascular approach. Initial treatment with a detachable balloon was in 1994 for a ...
Kwon B J - - 2005
Summary: We report an unusual case of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) presenting with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Cure was achieved with endovascular treatment with n-butyl 2- cyanoacrylate (NBCA). A review of the literature revealed five cases of cervical SDAVF that presented with SAH. None of these cases were treated with ...
Nomura Takeo - - 2005
A recto-peritoneal fistula is an extremely rare complication after prostate biopsy. We report herein on a peritonitis arising from a recto-peritoneal fistula 5 days after undergoing prostate biopsy. To our knowledge, this is the first case of recto-peritoneal fistula following transperineal needle biopsy of the prostate in the published literature.
Baldwin Zachary K - - 2005
Ureteroarterial fistula is a rare but life-threatening condition most often arising as a consequence of combined vascular and urologic pathology. Only about 70 cases are reported in the English literature. Principles of repair include complete vascular isolation, extra-anatomic bypass, and urinary stream diversion away from major vascular conduits. The case ...
Stein Robert J - - 2005
Erectile dysfunction is common after the formation of a glans-cavernosum shunt for intractable priapism. Often patients require placement of a penile prosthesis to restore sexual function. We report a case of restoration of full erections after reversal of a glans-cavernosum shunt in a 30-year-old man who had been treated for ...
Kobayashi Hiroyuki - - 2005
Rectal atresia is a rare condition in which the anus and sphincter muscles are normally developed, with usually no fistulous communication with the urinary tract. An unusual case of rectal atresia associated with recto-bulbar urethral fistula treated by a combination of colo-anal anastomosis and mucosal proctectomy via a posterior sagittal ...
Kang Hyun-Seung - - 2005
The concept of a cerebrofacial arteriovenous metameric syndrome (CAMS) recently has been posited. A 22-year-old woman presented with gait ataxia. She had unilateral angiomatous lesions involving the lower face, the auricle, and the retromastoid area, as well as the tongue on the right side. Angiography revealed the presence of extensive ...
Weider Dudley J - - 2005
We report six cases of perilymphatic fistula in patients who received ventriculoperitoneal shunts as part of their final mode of therapy. The last of our 6 patients actually received a ventriculoperitoneal shunt as her initial mode of therapy. All but one had benign intracranial hypertension. All six felt better (less ...
Bose Chinmoy K - - 2005
Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is prevalent in the developing world, with recent estimates suggesting that 2 million women live with fistula, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. VVF is associated with urogenital infections and ammonia dermatitis, and the psychosocial ramifications may be devastating, as women may be socially isolated from ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2005
Adult presentation of anorectal malformations (ARM) is rare. Most of these anomalies are diagnosed and corrected at birth or shortly thereafter. We will present two cases of anovestibular fistula presenting in adulthood. One case is a woman with a history of passing stools through the vagina after marriage and the ...
Klokker Mads - - 2005
A perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the inner ear and the middle ear that leaks perilymph. PLF is considered rare, but is known to occur during childbirth, straining, weightlifting, head trauma, and diving with middle ear equalizing problems. It has also, anecdotally, been described in connection with ...
Guérin Patrice - - 2005
We report two successful transcatheter closures of intrahepatic venovenous malformations observed after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomoses. These malformations were detected immediately after surgery in one case and during a 10-year follow-up in the second case. These intrahepatic venovenous malformations were successfully occluded by the implantation of an Amplatzer atrial septal occluder.
Kletenský J - - 2005
Dehiscence of the bronchial stump as well as the tracheo-bronchial-pleural fistula is a rare but life-threatening complication of pulmonary resections. Absence of the immediately accessible well vascularized soft tissues makes successful direct resuture of the bronchial stump or local closure of the defect problematic, particularly in the infected terrain. The ...
Chiba Yu A - - 2005
When tracheoesophageal diversion is performed, laryngeal phonation is usually impossible. We, however, experienced the case of a 65 year-old female patient, who was able to do so. Fluoroscopic and videoendoscopic examinations elucidated her mechanism of phonation. This is the first detailed report describing the mechanism of laryngeal phonation after the ...
Verbeeck N - - 2005
We present a case of post-cardiac catheterization femoral fistula diagnosed by color and pulsed Doppler sonography and treated by ultrasound-guided compression. We avail ourselves of the case to review the echo Doppler semiology of the different types of arteriovenous fistulas with an emphasis on the functional analysis of the dialysis ...
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