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Biswas D - - 2010
We present a unique case in which closure of a large tracheoesophageal fistula was achieved with planned conservative management. The literature was reviewed for other documented cases of spontaneous closure of traumatic tracheoesophageal fistula. Acquired tracheoesophageal fistula may result secondary to a chemical burn from an alkaline disc battery impacted ...
Chong V H - - 2010
Aorto-enteric fistulas are rare and are associated with significant mortality. Infective causes usually occur within the setting of post-graft repair. Aorto-enteric fistula secondary to tuberculosis is extremely rare despite the high prevalence of this infection. Unfortunately, the diagnosis is often not suspected until surgery or at post-mortem. We report a ...
Paye F - - 2010
Pancreatic fistula, the most dreaded complication of pancreatoduodenectomy occurs with an incidence ranging from 4-30% in literature reports; the incidence varies considerably according to the definition of fistula used. This literature review describes various methods proposed over the last decade to decrease the incidence and severity of pancreatic fistula including ...
Doney Michael K - - 2012
Background: Aortoenteric fistula (AEF) is a rare but life-threatening condition in which expedient diagnosis is often difficult. It arises from erosion of a segment of aorta, usually an abdominal aortic aneurysm, into an adjacent portion of the gastrointestinal tract or between a vascular graft of the aorta and an adjacent ...
Edwards Paul C - - 2010
Various terms (including patent nasopalatine fistula and patent nasopalatine duct) have been used to describe the presence of a developmental fistulous tract that connects the oral and nasal cavities through an oral opening located at the incisive papilla. Reportedly, this condition is a rare developmental variant; approximately 40 cases have ...
Purdy Isabell B - - 2010
Arteriovenous malformation of the vein of Galen with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return can lead to a critically challenging condition associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a full term infant born with a vein of Gallen arteriovenous malformation complicated by partial anomalous pulmonary venous ...
Pandey Anand - - 2010
Anorectal malformation, one of the most common congenital defects, may present with a wide spectrum of defects. Almost all male patients present within first few days of life. A five-month-old baby boy of Indian origin and nationality presented with anal atresia and associated rectourethral prostatic fistula. The anatomy of the ...
Della Ripa Michael - - 2010
A bronchoesophageal fistula (BEF) is defined as a communication between the esophagus and one or more bronchi. BEFs are commonly associated with esophageal diverticula, which are circumscribed outpouchings of the esophageal wall. This article presents the report of a case seen at Louisiana State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital and Clinics ...
Neacsu Angela - - 2010
The posterior fossa arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is uncommon and different from other intracranial AVM in its natural history, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and other features. Authors present a review of the actual procedures of diagnosis and treatment in the field of infratentorial cerebral arterio-venous malformations, based on the actual literature data. ...
Krishan Sonal - - 2010
Spontaneous arteriovenous fistulation of a pseudoaneurysm into superior mesenteric vein (SMV) has rarely been reported. We present the case of a 61-year-old woman who presented with a post pancreatic arterioportal fistula (APF) that was successfully managed by stent graft (SG) placement in the gastroduodenal artery (GDA). We also review the ...
Dangle Pankaj P - - 2009
We describe a case of early postoperative aortoureteric fistula following exenterative surgery treated with wet ostomy with bilateral ureterosigmoidostomies and ureteric stent placement. A high index of clinical suspicion is required, as diagnosis is often difficult.
Khan Sara - - 2009
Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas (TDAVFs) draining into the spinal venous system are rare lesions. The clinical presentation can be devastating and the diagnosis delayed because of the initial nonspecific imaging and laboratory findings. We report a case of a 20-year-old woman with a rapidly progressive myelopathy, who was found to ...
Cirocchi R - - 2009
In most cases Colovesical fistulae are complications of diverticular disease and representing the most common kind of colodigestive fistula; less common are colovaginal, colocutaneous, coloenteric and colouterine fistula. In this article we review the literature concerning colovesical fistulae in colorectal surgery for sigmoid diverticulitis and report on two cases that ...
Kelly Kate - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous malformation of the scalp resulting from blunt trauma to the head is an unusual occurrence and is rarely associated with neurological sequelae. This case details an arteriovenous malformation with a cerebral steal phenomenon. METHODS: A 21-year-old man presented with an enlarging, pulsatile mass in the right facial/temporal area ...
Miropolsky Vladislav - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) of the hypoglossal canal region are rare lesions. We describe three cases of DAVF of the hypoglossal canal presenting with ocular symptoms and discuss the endovascular management options. METHODS: Three consecutive patients with DAVF of the hypoglossal canal region presented with proptosis, chemosis and disturbances ...
Schulte Tobias - - 2009
Tracheoesophageal fistulas without atresia of the esophagus are rare abnormalities of the upper gastrointestinal tract with an incidence rate of between 1% and 5%. Even more infrequent are 2 tracheoesophageal fistulas without atresia of the esophagus. This case report illustrates the history of an infant with 2 tracheoesophageal fistulas. The ...
Mahajan Amit - - 2010
Intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are traditionally recognized as congenital lesions. However, with the advent of frequent, noninvasive imaging of the brain, that notion has been challenged. We describe another patient with a de novo cerebral arteriovenous malformation and evaluate the reported literature for trends in the development of these lesions. ...
Davidson Murray B - - 2009
We report a case of acquired tracheoesophageal fistula, which was confounded by a long segment of necrotic trachea, requiring a desperate attempt at tracheal reconstruction using an aortic homograft. This is followed by a brief review of the literature in support of this useful technique of salvaging long-segment tracheal resection.
Hatten Benjamin W - - 2012
Background: Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the scrotum has, to our knowledge, been reported fewer than 10 times in the medical literature. It may be of congenital or post-traumatic etiology and has been reported to present with spontaneous bleeding. Case Report: A case of a spontaneously bleeding scrotal AVM that developed ...
Ng C K D - - 2009
Coloduodenal fistula is an uncommon disease entity. It can be caused by either a malignant or benign disease. We report the fifth case of coloduodenal fistula secondary to colonic diverticulosis. Our patient, a 60-year-old man, presented with severe diarrhoea and recurrent severe hypokalaemia. A partial colectomy with en bloc excision ...
Park Yong-Sook - - 2009
Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are generally considered to be cured following angiographically proven complete resection. However, rare instances of AVM recurrence have been reported in both children and adults with negative findings on postoperative angiography. The authors present the case of a 12-year-old boy with recurrent AVM. The AVM was originally ...
Moftakhar Parham - - 2009
OBJECT: The scientific understanding of the nature of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in the brain is evolving. It is clear from current work that AVMs can undergo a variety of phenomena, including growth, remodeling, and/or regression-and the responsible processes are both molecular and physiological. A review of these complex processes is ...
Bergholz Robert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Enterolithiasis is an uncommon finding of intraluminal calcified meconium. Whereas extraluminal calcifications are commonly reported and usually indicate intrauterine intestinal perforation with intraperitoneal extravasation of meconium (meconium peritonitis), true intraluminal calcifications of meconium in newborns are rare. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a newborn boy with pneumothorax ...
Caulo M - - 2009
Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a rare pathological condition characterized by progressive demyelination and necrosis of the corpus callosum (CC). MBD occurs in patients with chronic alcoholism although a few non-alcoholic cases have been reported. We describe a non-alcoholic, depressed patient, who developed MBD after psycho-active drug abuse. Magnetic resonance imaging ...
Tsubota Masahito - - 2009
Pneumolabyrinth, the presence of air within the labyrinth, is a rare radiologic finding associated with a well-known perilymphatic fistula (PLF). As there are only 24 published case reports in medical literature, multiple treatment options for the pneumolabyrinth are available. We report a case of a 20-year-old man with a pneumolabyrinth ...
Türkvatan Aysel - - 2009
Inferior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula is rare and may be congenital or acquired. Two serious manifestations may occur in the course of the disease: portal hypertension and bowel ischemia. The diagnosis is generally established by conventional angiography. In this report, we present a case with multiple inferior mesenteric arteriovenous fistulas, considered ...
Benko Goran - - 2009
A rare case of posttraumatic high-flow priapism is presented. A 20-year-old man underwent diagnostic procedure with color Doppler sonography and angiography. On color Doppler sonography and selective and supraselective angiographic images, arteriocavernosal fistula and pseudoaneurysm were detected in the proximal part of the right cavernous body. Complete detumescence of the ...
Gutiérrez-González Raquel - - 2009
Dural arteriovenous malformations of the middle cranial fossa are very rare. Venous drainage flows either through superficial leptomeningeal veins or through the sphenoparietal, sphenopetrous and/or sphenobasilar sinuses. They often have an aggressive course and therefore poor outcome. It is essential to analyse and understand the angioarchitecture of the dural arteriovenous ...
Goh J - - 2009
The aim of this paper is to review proposed classifications for genito-urinary fistulae. A comprehensive literature review of historical texts, peer review publications, and abstracts was used to compile a listing of the existing genito-urinary fistula classification systems. The absence of an accepted standardized classification for female genito-urinary fistulae has ...
Ata Yusuf - - 2009
Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic, recurrent, systemic disease that is characterized by oral and genital ulcers and oculocutaneous inflammatory lesions. Cardiovascular involvement especially large artery involvement is a serious and vital complication of BD. Pseudoaneurysms in the major arteries may be the cause of sudden death in BD. In ...
Mitterberger Michael - - 2009
Ureteroiliac fistulas are rare but potentially life-threatening. Risk factors to develop a fistula are chronic indwelling ureteral stents, previous pelvic surgery and radiotherapy. We report a case of a patient with intermittent gross hematuria after previous abdominal surgery, radiotherapy and indwelling ureteric stents. After several diagnostic and therapeutic procedures an ...
Labori Knut Jørgen - - 2009
We report four patients with pancreatic fistulas that failed to respond to conservative treatment. The fistulas were closed by endoscopic injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl) diluted with an oily contrast agent (Lipiodol). A literature review revealed 32 similar cases in which endoscopic treatment with fibrin sealants (n = 11) or cyanoacrylate ...
Goh Cyndi - - 2009
Although nicorandil is prescribed widely, awareness of its potential to cause serious complications to the gastrointestinal tract mucosa is limited. Whilst nicorandil-induced oral and anal ulceration is well documented in the literature, nicorandil-induced fistulation is not. This is the first report in the literature of a single patient demonstrating simultaneous ...
Kelly Stephen L - - 2009
We report a case of aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) caused by a fish bone that had a successful outcome. Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of foreign body ingestion from which few patients survive. Over one hundred cases of AEF secondary to foreign body ingestion have been documented but only seven, ...
Yoo Chungkwon - - 2008
We report four cases in which a pericardium (Tutoplast) plug was used to repair a corneoscleral fistula after Ahmed Glaucoma Valve (AGV) explantation. In four cases in which the AGV tube had been exposed, AGV explantation was performed using a pericardium (Tutoplast) plug to seal the defect previously occupied by ...
Uddin Naqvi Syed Nadeem - - 2008
Remains of cervical sinus of His may persist as a branchial cyst. A branchial sinus is formed when 2nd branchial arch fails to meet the 5th pharyngeal arch. Peak age for presentation of cysts is in the third decade and that of the congenital sinuses and fistulae is at birth. ...
Mukhopadhyay B - - 2008
This is a case report of a girl aged 4 years who presented with repeated attacks of chocking and dysphagia. She was diagnosed to be having an acquired tracheo- oesophageal fistula caused by fish bone impaction. She was treated successfully. In this report, the literature was reviewed of this rare ...
Saito Atsushi - - 2008
Pial arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are known as rare cerebrovascular lesions. They are composed of >/= 1 arterial feeding vessels and a single draining vein that usually has high perfusion pressure and generally occur in infants. Cases involving adults are very rare and the developmental mechanisms and natural history of these ...
Vanamoorthy Ponniah - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Hiccups as the only presenting symptom in neurosurgical practice is uncommon. CASE HISTORY: We report a case of a 22-year-old man who was evaluated for a 9-month history of intractable hiccups. He was diagnosed with a case of Chiari malformation type I. DISCUSSION: Surgical decompression improved the symptoms of ...
Foda M - - 2009
A case of enterocutaneous fistula secondary to the erosion of an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) prosthesis into the jejunum is described. This case is unusual secondary to the long experience with ePTFE and the lack of published cases similar to this one. The technical details of this case reveal extenuating circumstances ...
Dadhwal Vatsla - - 2008
Fistulas between the uterus and bowel are rarely reported. We report successful laparoscopic management of a colouterine fistula caused by a foreign body in the uterus. Fistulas between the gastrointestinal tract and the female genital tract are usually found between the vagina and rectum as a result of complications of ...
Pornratanarangsi Suwatchai - - 2008
Patients with large intracoronary thrombi represent a difficult management problem for the interventional cardiologist. We report 10 cases of challenging thrombi treated percutaneously using varying combinations of deep guide catheter engagement, guide aspiration, dedicated catheter aspiration and withdrawal of a distal filter vascular protection device. These cases demonstrate interventional options ...
Codd Patrick J - - 2008
Arteriovenous malformations are generally considered to be cured following angiographically proven complete resection. However, rare instances of AVM recurrence despite negative findings on postoperative angiography have been reported in both children and adults. In this paper, the authors present the case of a 33-year-old woman with 2 AVM recurrences. This ...
Verma S K - - 2008
We present a rare case of acquired pelvic arteriovenous fistula of the uterine vessels in a woman with a remote history of hysterectomy who presented with chronic pelvic and left limb pain. It was successfully treated by coil embolisation of the left uterine artery. The MRI and angiographic features are ...
Galinier P - - 2009
Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistulas are infrequent. We report a case of a congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula associated with a stenosis of the bulbar urethra in the context of a high anorectal malformation. We describe the surgical technique for the reconstruction of the urethra.
Demircan Mehmet - - 2008
Tracheal agenesis (TA) is an extremely rare, typically fatal congenital tracheal malformation. Lack of prenatal symptoms and emergent presentation usually lead to a failure to arrive at the correct diagnosis and manage the airway properly before the onset of irreversible cerebral anoxia. Esophageal atresia (EA) encompasses a group of congenital ...
Asagiri Kimio - - 2008
Split notochord syndrome (SNS) is an extremely rare anomaly. This report presents the case of a male infant with SNS associated with congenital ileal atresia and a dorsal enteric cyst communicating to the retroperitoneal isolated ceca with a vesical fistula. Dorsal fistulography and vesicography were useful and essential for the ...
Lee James W S - - 2009
We report a case of urethral diverticulectomy re-enforced with a porcine xenograft to prevent the risk of recurrence or fistula in the presence of a large urethral communication. The use of porcine small intestinal submucosal xenograft (SIS, Surgisis, Cook, Ireland) material has a low graft rejection rate and erosion is ...
Araújo Patrícia de Pinho Marques Pde - - 2008
Acute atypical mastoiditis, with temporal and/or facial edema, is called squamozygomatic mastoiditis. There are only a few reports of this occurrence in the literature, which occurs because of an inflammatory process spread to the zygommatic apophysis, when mastoid pneumatization reaches the zygoma or the squamous portion of the temporal bone. ...
El Hiday A Haleem A - - 2008
We report a 28-year-old woman, pregnant, at 24 weeks, with 3-day history of right-sided chest pain and shortness of breath. Few hours after admission, she delivered a dead baby. She had a history of right partial hepatic lobotomy and cholecystectomy at UK on May 2004 because of multiple pyogenic liver ...
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