Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 673
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Van Steenbergen W - - 1990
We report a patient with chronic alcoholic calcifying pancreatitis in whom a pancreaticoportal fistula was demonstrated by endoscopic retrograde pancreatography. No complications could be ascribed to this fistula except for thrombosis of the portal, splenic, and superior mesenteric veins. An expectant conservative management was adopted. A short review of the ...
Soybel D I - - 1989
Four cases of gastrocolic fistula complicating benign gastric ulcer are described, bringing the total number of individually reviewed cases in the English language literature to 108. A review of 30 cases reported in the past 10 years reveals a surprisingly high percentage of young, female patients. Three-quarters of these patients ...
Shida T - - 1989
A rare case of a postnephrectomy arteriovenous fistula involving the major renal vessels is presented herein. This type of postnephrectomy arteriovenous fistula is very unusual; in fact, since first documented in 1934, only 65 cases have been reported in the world literature, including 2 cases from Japan. Even though postoperative ...
Davidson J T - - 1989
The Fogarty catheter is an important device used by vascular surgeons to simplify the surgical treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Complications from use of the catheter are rare. This case report is about a patient who developed a peroneal arteriovenous fistula following popliteal thromboembolectomy. The literature regarding this unusual injury is ...
Nakayama Y - - 1989
We report the cases of two patients, each of whom had two separate angiographically demonstrable intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). One patient had an intraventricular hemorrhage with AVMs in the basal ganglia and the insula on the left side, and the other had a pontine hemorrhage with AVMs in the pons ...
Burchell M C - - 1989
Spontaneous umbilical fistula in Crohn's disease is extremely rare, with very few reports found on a 15-year review of the medical literature. Among those reports, no patient had prior abdominal surgery. Attention was recently focused on this unique entity when spontaneous umbilical fistula was diagnosed in a 64-year-old anemic male ...
Molina L R - - 1989
A 29-year-old woman suffered a vesicouterine fistula following cesarean section. The fistula was treated successfully after cystoscopic identification and fulguration of the tract. Although various surgical approaches to this problem have been described, and a number of cases of spontaneous resolution are reported, to date there have been no reports ...
Grewal D S - - 1989
The round window reflex is normally absent in stapedial fixation. In this study, six cases of oval window fistula are described in which the round window reflex was absent. This is probably because there is insufficient pressure transmitted to the round window membrane through the perilymph because of leakage from ...
Batt M - - 1989
This report of an aorto-left renal vein fistula (ALRVF) of traumatic origin is the sixth such case on record. The fistula was successfully repaired, with preservation of the kidney, by autotransfusion. Review of the English language literature revealed the differences between spontaneous and traumatic ALRVF. Spontaneous fistulas were caused by ...
Duffy J P - - 1989
Spontaneous aortocaval fistula is an uncommon complication of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. This report details two cases of this condition presenting with symptoms attributable to arteriovenous shunting. Pain was not a prominent feature so that attention was not initially drawn to the abdomen. Diagnosis and management of the condition are ...
Lan R S - - 1989
Pancreatic pleural effusion due to an internal fistula is an uncommon and often unrecognized clinical syndrome which complicates chronic pancreatitis. It frequently presents with chest and respiratory symptoms of pleural effusion with little abdominal complaints, and history of previous pancreatic disease is often absent, making the diagnosis easily missed. A ...
Prasad J K - - 1989
A 23-year-old male with an 87 per cent body surface area burn from a motor vehicle accident developed a left lower quadrant abdominal wall faecal fistula. This fistula presumably resulted from thermal injury to the level of the peritoneum. This case report describes the course and management of this unusual ...
Brockbank M J - - 1989
The Rhinitis Clinic at the Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital is a direct referral clinic dealing with approximately 300 new cases a year. Last year three cases of spontaneous CSF rhinorrhoea were diagnosed. In each case long term topical steroid sprays had been prescribed and the patients had ...
Reddy S A - - 1989
A case of colopleural fistula, resulting from strangulation and perforation of a diaphragmatic hernia and presenting as tension pneumothorax, is reported. The hernia was most likely a consequence of a stab wound to the left side of the chest four years before admittance. Colopleural fistula as a cause of tension ...
al-Samarrai A Y - - 1989
In this paper we describe the use of circular myotomies to approximate the oesophageal ends resulting from resection of an oesophageal stricture due to ingestion of domestic bleach. This procedure has spared the child from major oesophageal surgery with its known morbidity. This is the second case described using this ...
Kobayashi T - - 1989
In five cases of labyrinthine fistulae caused by extensive cholesteatoma, more than 30-dB improvement in bone conduction was observed in four postoperative cases and in one case after preoperative administration of antibiotics. In each case, a fistula of more than 2 mm in length was present at the lateral semicircular ...
Katzir D - - 1989
An 84-year-old man presented with acute dyspnea and chest pain attributed to his long medical history of cardiorespiratory problems. Admission chest roentgenogram revealed a moderate pneumopericardium and a cavitary lesion in the base of the right lung. The lesion was found to be a bronchogenic carcinoma perforating through the upper ...
Carter D - - 1988
A case of a 55-year-old man with known Fabry's disease, complicated by entero-vesical fistula and associated with enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes, is reported. Histopathologic and ultrastructural findings of the involved lymph nodes are described, and pathogenesis of the entero-vesical fistula is briefly discussed. This is the first case, to the ...
Sanna M - - 1988
A labyrinthine fistula is the most common complication of cholesteatomatous chronic ear disease. Its treatment remains a controversial subject. The present paper reports our approach to the management of this complication. Operations were performed on 1,226 cases of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma between January 1971 and December 1985. A ...
Lanzieri C F - - 1988
The foramen of Vesalius is a small, variable but consistently symmetrical structure located anteromedial to the foramen ovale and lateral to the foramen rotundum and vidian canal. It transmits an emissary vein through which the cavernous sinus and pterygoid plexus communicate. Fifty high-resolution CT scans of the skull base and ...
Josey W E - - 1988
Two women in their early menopausal years were evaluated for a persistent ulcerative lesion located on the vulvar vestibular mucosa at the fourchette. In both cases the ulcer proved to be the vaginal orifice of a small anovaginal fistula of probable cryptogenic origin. Anovaginal fistula should be considered a possible ...
Redmond P L - - 1988
An intrahepatic arterioportal fistula causing portal hypertension was successfully palliated with steel coils. The patient remains well 2 1/2 years after embolization. The 13 previously reported cases of transcatheter embolization of large intrahepatic arterioportal fistulae are reviewed. Percutaneous transcatheter embolization with suitable embolic material should be preferred to surgery in ...
Donell S T - - 1988
Bowel resection can result in the formation of an arteriovenous fistula at the point of intersection of the feeding vessels. Iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula of the superior mesenteric vessels is rare, with only 11 cases reported in the English language literature. We report a case after small bowel resection, which was ...
DiCostanzo G A - - 1988
We report a case of erosion of the ureter by a prosthetic vascular graft subsequent to an ileofemoral bypass. The diagnosis, etiology, and management from both vascular and urologic points of view are discussed, and the available literature is reviewed. Therapeutic principles include early intervention, ureteric reconstruction or ureteronephrectomy depending ...
Morioka T - - 1988
The authors report a case of an angiographically occult arteriovenous malformation (AVM) that showed a marked increase in size over a period of 7 years. The importance of accurate diagnosis, follow-up computed tomography and repeated angiography, if needed, is stressed in cases where enlargement of an occult AVM is suspected.
Hitter E - - 1988
We report 2 rare cases of a spontaneous nephrocutaneous fistula. The diagnosis was made incidentally during hospitalization for other reasons. The role of calculus in the etiological pathogenesis of nephrocutaneous fistula is emphasized. Although classically surgical treatment is indicated a more conservative approach can be advocated in some asymptomatic cases.
al-Qudah A H - - 1988
A rare case of arteriovenous fistula of the right mammary artery following penetrating chest wound is reported. The patient was treated one week later because of right-sided hemothorax associated with diastolic machinary murmur. Selective digital subtraction angiography showed a fistulous communication connecting the right internal mammary vessels. The fistula was ...
Takato T - - 1988
Three cases of hereditary lateral cervical fistulas are reported. The patients had lateral cervical fistulas bilaterally and different types of auricular malformations. The mothers of the patients also had lateral cervical fistulas. Moreover, one mother had bilateral microtias and the other mothers bilateral preauricular fistulas. The literature is reviewed and ...
Grey T C - - 1988
Two cases of aortoesophageal fistula are presented. The etiology, symptoms, and diagnosis of aortoesophageal fistula are reviewed. Signs and symptoms of gastrointestinal hemorrhage followed by sudden collapse hours to days later should prompt consideration of an aortoesophageal fistula. Accidental ingestion of foreign bodies, particularly by children, is a frequent etiology.
Britton B H - - 1988
Since episodic vertigo in the pediatric and adolescent age group is unusual and therefore not well known to most otolaryngologists, we present six cases to show some of the various presentations and different underlying causes. These cases covered a wide diagnostic spectrum: meningioma, medulloblastoma, childhood migraine with vestibular symptoms, childhood ...
Lugagne P M - - 1988
A bilioportal fistula is rare. We report the case of a patient who had a bilioportal fistula 6 years after a choledochoduodenostomy. Percutaneous transhepatic opacification showed the bilioportal fistula to be associated with a thrombosed portal vein and a cavernous formation. Treatment consisted of separate percutaneous drainage of the portal ...
Kuhweide R - - 1988
With the development of improved angiographic techniques, arteriovenous meningeal fistulas are being recognized more and more as an important cause of vascular tinnitus. Vascular tinnitus is generally considered to be objective and pulse-synchronous. This report concerns three cases of vascular tinnitus due to arteriovenous meningeal fistulas. They all could not ...
Afifi A K - - 1988
Two cases of von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis with a hitherto unreported association of ventriculomegaly and a Chiari type I malformation are described. Both cases had skeletal abnormalities at the cervicomedullary junction, contributing to neurological symptoms in 1. The literature on nontumor-related ventriculomegaly in neurofibromatosis is reviewed. The Chiari type I malformation ...
DeSantis M - - 1987
Pyloric exclusion was first reported in 1977 as a temporary method of providing duodenal decompression in an attempt to protect the duodenum in the early postoperative period during the healing phase, followed by the return of normal gastrointestinal transit. It has been adopted by several trauma centers across the country ...
Keltner J L - - 1987
Carotid cavernous sinus fistulas (CCSFs) are a rare entity occurring as a result of head trauma and also spontaneously. The major threat from these fistulas is loss of vision. The authors reviewed 18 cases of direct and dural CCSFs seen over the last 10 years and compared our results with ...
Havas T E - - 1987
Two hundred neck dissections performed at Toronto General Hospital over a 3 year period are reviewed. There were six intra-operative lymph leaks and five postoperative chylous fistulae. The postoperative chylous fistulae are analysed in detail and the approach to conservative management of lymph leaks is discussed. Two cases required re-exploration ...
Smith J L - - 1987
We report a case in which a traditional prosthesis failed to seal a malignant respiratory-esophageal fistula. Removal of the prosthesis and replacement with a new type with an inflatable cuff provided palliation, and allowed the patient to leave the hospital. The cuffed prosthesis provides a custom fit which should seal ...
Pretorius D H - - 1987
A retrospective review of 22 infants born with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) with in utero sonograms was performed and the literature was reviewed. TEF or esophageal atresia should be considered when there is polyhydramnios and an absent fluid-filled stomach; these findings were seen in 32% of our cases. Amniotic fluid flows ...
Hadi U - - 1987
A laryngectomized patient who developed massive subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and esophageal fistula with a retroesophageal collection following the creation of a tracheo-esophageal fistula for alaryngeal voice restoration is presented, together with its management. A review of the literature is made, and possible causes of the three complications are discussed.
Kassel R N - - 1987
The management of chylous fistulae remains controversial. A detailed conservative protocol and guidelines regarding surgical intervention are lacking in the literature. This paper presents our experience in the management of two cases of persistent chylous fistulae by successfully employing topical tetracycline. Our regimen of management is discussed and illustrated with ...
Schein M - - 1987
A case of colonic perforation complicating a benign gastrocolic fistula is presented. Only 2 similar cases have been previously reported in the English-language literature. Pathophysiology and management are briefly discussed.
Smith B D BD - - 1987
Congenital bronchoesophageal fistulas usually present in infants and may occur with or without esophageal atresia. Twenty cases of congenital bronchoesophageal fistula in adults have been reported in the English literature. Another case of this rare developmental anomaly is presented here. The radiographic, endoscopic, surgical, and pathologic findings are discussed with ...
Naggar C Z - - 1987
Esophagopericardial fistula is a rare condition, usually presenting with cardiac tamponade, and is invariably fatal in the adult patient. In our patient the disorder resulted from fistulization secondary to a malignant tumor. Immediate decompression of resultant tense pneumopericardium can be accomplished safely through percutaneous pericardiocentesis without the need for surgery. ...
Lopez M J - - 1986
Benign duodenocolic fistula is a rare, surgically curable, but potentially lethal entity. Etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and management are discussed. The authors describe the fifth reported case of an iatrogenic cause and review the literature on benign duodenocolic fistula. Early diagnosis and aggressive nutritional and surgical management are necessary to avoid ...
Parsons M A - - 1986
Fistula or deep sinus formation as a complication of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XPN) has not been described previously in the British literature. We present the clinicopathological features of one case of a nephrodiaphragmatic sinus complicating XPN, and three cases of nephrocolic fistula, including the first recorded case of fistula in childhood ...
Chagnon S F - - 1986
Two cases are reported of congenital intrahepatic portacaval shunts in middle-aged women who had encephalopathy or hypoglycemia. Real-time ultrasound (US) investigations revealed vascular communication between the left portal and hepatic veins in one patient and communication between the right portal and hepatic veins in the other. These findings were confirmed ...
Valdes F - - 1986
Venous aneurysms are extremely rare. They may be congenital or acquired in origin and occasionally related to arteriovenous communications. A 58-year-old man complained of dull left lower quadrant pain and constipation. On physical examination a soft deep mass was palpated. Ultrasonogram and CT scan revealed a cystic formation in the ...
Götzfried H F - - 1986
A case of bilateral patent nasopalatine ducts, a rare congenital anomaly, has been described. A review of the literature does not permit dogmatic conclusions about the development and existence of patent nasopalatine ducts in both prenatal and postnatal life. A new, simple method of closing epithelium lined fistulae by instillation ...
Hurst L N - - 1986
The delayed appearance of congenital arteriovenous fistula precipitated by local trauma is a rare event. However, these reports may provide some insight into pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for the opening of subclinical arteriovenous communications. This case of multiple arteriovenous fistulas in a previously "normal" hand followed a sharp, incomplete amputation at ...
Yeo C J - - 1986
Mesenteric-portal arteriovenous fistula is an uncommon complication of gastrectomy. Management of a patient with this entity stimulated a comprehensive review of the 18 previously reported cases in the world literature. While presenting symptoms vary, physical findings are characteristic and include abdominal murmur (100% of patients) and palpable thrill (47%). Arteriography ...
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