Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 666
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Mandell J - - 1992
The finding of extraluminal calcifications is commonly reported and usually indicates intrauterine intestinal perforation with intraperitoneal extravasation of meconium, most often associated with intestinal obstruction and/or atresias. Intraluminal calcification of meconium is more rare and appears to result from the mixing of stagnant urine and meconium in utero. The presence ...
Motiwala H G - - 1992
The management of complex anterior urethral strictures, not amendable to dilatation or internal urethromotomy, is difficult. Our experience of treating long strictures of anterior urethra with one-stage urethroplasty in 16 cases and two-stage Johanson's in 12 cases are reviewed here. The strictures had varied etiology and many were associated with ...
Takeda Y - - 1992
This paper reports a case of herniation of an antral polyp through an oroantral fistula, appearing as a polypoid lesion of the alveolar ridge. The patient was a 24-year-old female, and her upper molar had been extracted two months previously. The lesion was asymptomatic, and was a soft tissue mass, ...
Oostburg B F - - 1992
The sixth case of lagochilascariasis minor in Surinam is reported in a 13-year-old boy. He had abscesses on the right and left side of the neck, with fistulae out of which eggs, larvae and adult worms were expelled. Treatment with thiabendazole and levamisole were ineffective. Finally he was cured after ...
Bhatia R - - 1992
Bronchoesophageal fistulas (BEF) are uncommon in children, the etiology being congenital or acquired. Acquired bronchial perforation of tuberculous origin is common in children with pulmonary tuberculosis but bronchoesophageal perforation secondary to tuberculosis and leading to a fistulous tract formation is rare. To date, there have only been 4 case reports ...
Schmittenbecher P P - - 1992
Three newborns with congenital tracheoesophageal fistula were treated by endoscopic laser coagulation. After radiologic and endoscopic diagnosis, laser coagulation of the mucosal layer of the fistula followed using Nd:YAG laser light transferred through an uncovered quartz fiber of 600 microns diameter. The successful and uneventful course in two cases contrasts ...
Kim D I - - 1991
The case is reported of a woman with a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula whose intermittent myelopathy became aggravated with menstruation. Her symptoms recurred in spite of successful acrylic embolization of the lateral sacral arteriovenous fistula. Repeat angiography showed venous drainage from the uterus toward the medullary vein. Total abdominal hysterectomy ...
Wakabayashi S - - 1991
A case demonstrating the marked growth of an angiographically occult arteriovenous malformation is presented. A review of 58 cases in which an increase in the size of an arteriovenous malformation occurred suggested that the patient's initial age may have had an important role in such growth and that both the ...
Muguti G I - - 1991
A case of malakoplakia of the small intestine presenting as an abscess of the anterior abdominal wall is described in a 28-year-old black Zimbabwean man. The patient developed an enterocutaneous fistula after incision and drainage of the abscess. Light and electronic microscopy revealed Michaelis-Gutmann bodies in some von Hansemann cells. ...
Aesch B - - 1991
A 25-year-old man was hospitalized after suffering a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Arteriograms disclosed two arteriovenous malformations, one of which was asymptomatic. Rendu-Osler-Weber disease was suspected because of the concomitant existence of cutaneous telangiectases. Review of the literature shows that in 12 previously published cases involving multiple arteriovenous malformations, this diagnosis was ...
Miller W L WL Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1991
Herein we describe a case of pyopneumopericardium that resulted from formation of an acquired esophagopericardial fistula in a patient with silent, benign esophageal ulcer disease. Atypical features on initial examination suggested congestive heart failure or a pneumonic process (or both). The delayed development of pneumopericardium disclosed on a chest roentgenogram ...
Sofferman R A - - 1991
Spontaneous bleeding from the molar gingiva may reflect the presence of a life-threatening vascular malformation. Sporadic reports of exsanguinating hemorrhage in the dental literature warn of the dangers of extraction, although deaths from unrecognized lesions or secondary to mandibular fracture still occur. Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) may be either unilateral or, ...
Gökdemir A - - 1991
Variants of bladder exstrophy are rare developmental abnormalities. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature to date. A case of superior vesical fistula with split symphysis and dorsal chordee is presented. If associated anomalies are absent, diagnosis and management of these lesions are easy and have a ...
Pochon J P - - 1991
The authors report on their experiences with 21 patients with skull defects which were closed by polymethylmethacrylated plates (PMMA) from 1974 to 1990 at the University Children's Hospital in Zurich and the "Gemeinschaftspraxis fuer Kinderchirurgie". The results were compared with 15 cases treated by autologous grafts. Because of false indication, ...
Komiyama M - - 1991
A case of traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) associated with an intradural pseudoaneurysm is reported. A 42-year-old man developed traumatic CCF after severe head trauma. Cerebral angiography demonstrated a direct CCF associated with an intradural pseudoaneurysm at the C2 portion. Transarterial balloon embolization of the CCF caused severe subarachnoid hemorrhage. ...
Dubov W E - - 1991
Carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas are rare complications of traumatic brain injury, facial trauma and postorthognathic surgery. A high level of clinical suspicion is necessary, particularly for patients who are unable to communicate, to establish the diagnosis. A case of delayed presentation of a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula after traumatic brain injury is ...
Karhunen P J - - 1991
Esophageal and tracheal fistulas, which occur in 0.05% of medicolegal autopsies, were demonstrated in three cases by a postmortem radiographic technique using silicone rubber/lead oxide as a contrasting medium that vulcanizes at room temperature. In one 83-year-old male, a tracheoesophageal fistula was detected, which had developed after surgical repair of ...
Taheri S A - - 1991
Primary aortoduodenal fistula is a rare and potentially fatal condition. Awareness of its existence, precise diagnostic evaluation, and early surgical intervention are essential for the survival of the patient. Although early experience indicated that interruption of the fistula, repair of the enteric defect, oversewing of the aorta and extraanatomic bypass ...
Beckhardt R N - - 1991
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea constitutes only 3% to 4% of CSF fistulas. Nontraumatic, normal pressure CSF fistulas with resultant rhinorrhea, in which no cause can be identified, or primary spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea, is considerably rarer. Presented here are two cases of CSF rhinorrhea of this nature, including the diagnostic ...
Gilling-Smith G L - - 1991
The spontaneous rupture of an abdominal aneurysm into an adjacent major vein results in a profound and rapidly worsening haemodynamic disturbance. Survival depends on prompt diagnosis and closure of the fistula at operation. Eight cases are reported and modes of presentation, diagnostic criteria and management principles are reviewed in a ...
Negro P - - 1991
Lesions of the colon are generally considered to be sequelae of pancreatitis. They include: localized paralytic ileus (colon cutoff sign), necrosis, fistulae, stenosis and varices. On the basis of an extensive review of the literature (332 cases), it is suggested that the real incidence of these lesions is significant. The ...
Shultz R E - - 1991
A case of herniation of the antral membrane through a recent extraction site is presented. The lesion was initially diagnosed as a tumor by the referring dentist. Oroantral fistulas are not an uncommon finding after dental extractions. It is rare, however, to see herniation of the antral membrane with large ...
MacIntosh E L - - 1991
Aortobronchial fistula is a rare condition that is invariably fatal if not diagnosed and surgically treated. With appropriate surgical intervention, survival rates greater than 70% can be achieved. A review of the literature and an illustrative case report are presented. A total of 63 fistulas in 62 patients have been ...
Carstens M H - - 1991
Oral-antral-nasal fistula (OAN) is a commonly encountered clinical problem. The literature is filled with a plethora of methods described for closing a persistent OAN. Local flaps are available to close minor to moderate defects, however, large fistulae can be a very challenging reconstructive problem. Various areas of the oral cavity ...
Lee S T - - 1991
Congenital branchial fistula and their embryology is well described in the literature. The accepted standard treatment method includes stepladder excision for extensive fistulas. This paper presents two cases (Case 1 and 2) which are embryologically typical of second and third arch origin respectively; and a third case (Case 3) which ...
Talmi Y P - - 1991
Otologic manifestations of decompression sickness (DCS) occur only rarely. However, with more frequent exposures to deeper depths in recent years, several reports of hearing loss due to DCS have appeared. Nevertheless, the scant literature directly discussing the subject establishes otologic DCS as an important cause of diving-induced hearing loss. When ...
Motiwala H G - - 1991
Vesicovaginal fistulae are usually traumatic in nature, following obstetric or gynecologic trauma. Here, our experience with vesicovaginal fistula repair in 68 cases, performed transvesically (58 cases) or transperitoneally-transvesically, with pedicled omental interposition in 10 cases over the last 8 years is described. The size of fistulae ranged from 1 to ...
Kato T - - 1991
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the pancreas are rare and frequently complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding. We present a case of AVM of the pancreas accompanied by arterioportal shunt (AP shunt) in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. Therapeutic embolization of AVM was successfully carried out. The clinical significance of this ...
Garty I - - 1991
Arteriovenous (AV) malformation or angiodysplasia of the gastrointestinal tract is a very rare cause of bleeding in children. These lesions are congenital anomalies and thought to be of hamartomatous origin. We report on a 4-year-old child with an AV malformation of the distal ileum treated by local resection. A brief ...
Singman R - - 1990
We describe a child with congenital aplasia cutis congenita of the scalp and an occult giant posterior fossa arteriovenous fistula. Previous case reports of central nervous system malformations associated with aplasia cutis congenita are reviewed. The exact incidence of such malformations is unknown. All patients with aplasia cutis congenita should ...
Sugiura K - - 1990
The removal of brain stem arteriovenous malformations is one of the most challenging problems in neurosurgery. The authors report a successful total removal of an arteriovenous malformation situated in the middle cerebellar peduncle, which was embedded in the floor of the fourth ventricle. The importance of dissection "flush" with coils ...
Sheridan J - - 1990
Oesophageal atresia with or without tracheo-oesophageal fistula is often associated with a functionally abnormal distal oesophagus. The association of oesophageal atresia and a distal oesophageal stenosis is less well recognized and is usually regarded as a rarity. We describe four cases of oesophageal stenosis distal to oesophageal atresia and review ...
Turrentine M W - - 1990
Congenital bronchoesophageal fistulas in the adult age group are rare, with only approximately 20 cases having been recognized. All of these cases have been an isolated esophageal anomaly without other associated esophageal pathology. We present an interesting case of an adult with both symptomatic congenital bronchoesophageal fistula and proximal esophageal ...
Manns R A - - 1990
A case of portal hypertension secondary to an arteriovenous malformation of the sigmoid colon is presented. The importance of mesenteric angiography in the diagnosis of this condition is discussed. The dramatic clinical improvement in this case following surgery emphasizes that arteriovenous malformations of the gastrointestinal tract represent a potentially curable ...
Goldstein I - - 1990
A case of neglected pessary is presented. After erosion through the anterior vaginal and bladder walls the device came to rest entirely within the bladder. Surgical management of removal of the pessary and repair of the resulting vesicovaginal fistula are described. Appropriate use of supportive pessaries as well as complications ...
Konishi Y - - 1990
The case of a 2-month-old boy with a congenital fistula of the dural carotid-cavernous sinus is presented. This is a rare vascular anomaly in infancy, and it may cause acute changes in vision. The child was initially followed up for 1 year to see if spontaneous thrombosis would occur. The ...
Awad I A - - 1990
The natural history of cranial dural arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) is highly variable. The authors present their clinical experience with 17 dural AVM's in adults, including 10 cases with an aggressive neurological course (strictly defined as hemorrhage or progressive focal neurological deficit other than ophthalmoplegia). Two of these 10 patients died ...
Ishimaru J - - 1990
A case of infected congenital commissural lip fistula is presented. It appeared as a cheek swelling associated with inflammation due to infection. This case was treated with antibiotics and surgical drainage through the fistula. Our experience suggests that the possibility of infection of the fistula should be considered particularly in ...
Koka V N - - 1990
One hundred and four cases of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible following irradiation of head and neck cancer are reported. Conservative management for ORN failed in all cases. Indications of hemimandibulectomy included intractable pain, severe trismus, pathological fracture, oro-cutaneous fistula and persistent exposure of bone. Surgical approach was intra-oral in ...
Macdonald R L - - 1990
A patient with a large ecchordosis physaliphora extending from the sphenoid sinus into the subarachnoid space of the prepontine cistern and resulting in a cerebrospinal fluid fistula is described. Ecchordoses are most commonly asymptomatic and found only incidently at autopsy. This case report adds to the scant literature on symptomatic ...
Risher W H - - 1990
Congenital bronchoesophageal fistula is a rare anomaly that normally appears in adult life. Because of a recent case, we reviewed the literature on this lesion. There have been several reviews in the past but none has included all cases. The largest review included only two thirds of the cases (1966). ...
de Mendonça A - - 1990
A 70-year-old hypertensive woman suffered sudden onset of bilateral blepharoptosis. Within a few hours she developed focal signs attributable to a lesion of the mesencephalon, and a stuporous state, from which she did not recover. Neuropathological examination showed a mesencephalic haematoma, but no arteriovenous malformation. A review of reported cases ...
Leu H J - - 1990
Five cases of veno-lymphatic angiodysplasia with penetration of one or several inguinal lymph nodes by the long saphenous vein, or one of its major branches, are reported. This malformation is usually detected during surgery for varicose veins with ligation of the long saphenous vein in the fossa ovalis. The significance ...
Van Steenbergen W - - 1990
We report a patient with chronic alcoholic calcifying pancreatitis in whom a pancreaticoportal fistula was demonstrated by endoscopic retrograde pancreatography. No complications could be ascribed to this fistula except for thrombosis of the portal, splenic, and superior mesenteric veins. An expectant conservative management was adopted. A short review of the ...
Soybel D I - - 1989
Four cases of gastrocolic fistula complicating benign gastric ulcer are described, bringing the total number of individually reviewed cases in the English language literature to 108. A review of 30 cases reported in the past 10 years reveals a surprisingly high percentage of young, female patients. Three-quarters of these patients ...
Shida T - - 1989
A rare case of a postnephrectomy arteriovenous fistula involving the major renal vessels is presented herein. This type of postnephrectomy arteriovenous fistula is very unusual; in fact, since first documented in 1934, only 65 cases have been reported in the world literature, including 2 cases from Japan. Even though postoperative ...
Davidson J T - - 1989
The Fogarty catheter is an important device used by vascular surgeons to simplify the surgical treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Complications from use of the catheter are rare. This case report is about a patient who developed a peroneal arteriovenous fistula following popliteal thromboembolectomy. The literature regarding this unusual injury is ...
Nakayama Y - - 1989
We report the cases of two patients, each of whom had two separate angiographically demonstrable intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). One patient had an intraventricular hemorrhage with AVMs in the basal ganglia and the insula on the left side, and the other had a pontine hemorrhage with AVMs in the pons ...
Burchell M C - - 1989
Spontaneous umbilical fistula in Crohn's disease is extremely rare, with very few reports found on a 15-year review of the medical literature. Among those reports, no patient had prior abdominal surgery. Attention was recently focused on this unique entity when spontaneous umbilical fistula was diagnosed in a 64-year-old anemic male ...
Molina L R - - 1989
A 29-year-old woman suffered a vesicouterine fistula following cesarean section. The fistula was treated successfully after cystoscopic identification and fulguration of the tract. Although various surgical approaches to this problem have been described, and a number of cases of spontaneous resolution are reported, to date there have been no reports ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >