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Results 301 - 350 of 434
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Blake R L - - 1992
Examining for a possible limb length discrepancy is an important part of the podiatric biomechanical examination. The authors present a review of the literature pertaining to the definition of and examination for a limb length discrepancy. They present a typical rationale for lift therapy in the treatment of this pathology.
Bourlond J - - 1992
Two cases and histological observations of erosive adenomatosis of the nipple are presented in detail, and the literature on the subject is reviewed. Erosive adenomatosis is a rare but clearly delineated pathology of the nipple and seems to be essentially benign. Careful clinical and histological examinations with complete investigation of ...
Agrimi U - - 1992
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), a novel disease of cattle first described in 1986, has now reached epidemic proportion in Great Britain with about 500 cases a week. The clinical, epidemiological, and pathological characteristics of BSE are described. Moreover, the etiopathogenetic mechanisms of spongiform encephalopathies are reviewed. Legislative measures to prevent ...
Pace S - - 1992
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding is a very frequent pathology particularly in perimenopausal age (> or = 45 years). The Authors report the experience of the 2nd Department of Ob/Gyn. of Rome University "La Sapienza" from January 1985 up to September 1991. The hysteroscopic evaluation of 789 patients in perimenopausal age is ...
Fredericks R K - - 1991
BACKGROUND: Earlier reports of cocaine-associated cerebral vasculitis have been based primarily on angiographic findings without pathological verification. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of acute encephalopathy following intravenous and intranasal administration of cocaine. Brain biopsy revealed vascular changes involving primarily small arteries. Findings included lymphocytic infiltration, endothelial thickening, and deposition ...
Xu H Q - - 1991
The cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) was pathologically confirmed in 26 cases in which there were 20 cerebral hemorrhages, 2 subarachnoid hemorrhages, 3 cerebral infarctions, and 1 subdural hematoma. The CAA mainly involved the media and extima of small and medium-sized arteries as well as the capillaries of the brain tissue. ...
Rao P S - - 1991
Clinical, echo-Doppler, and pathologic data of a rare case of tricuspid atresia in association with truncus arteriosus are presented. There are only six patients (including the patient reported here) with this anomaly in whom detailed pathologic and/or clinical descriptions are available in the literature. An additional six cases were mentioned ...
Rajput A H - - 1991
Essential tremor (ET) is the most common pathologic tremor, but only eight cases have been studied pathologically. We report detailed clinical and neuropathologic studies of six additional patients. We did not find any neuropathologic lesions that might be specific for ET. Moreover, there were no abnormalities of the substantia nigra ...
Rajput A H - - 1991
Several previous studies have noted that resting tremor (RT) is absent in 10% to 30% of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) patients. We report our 22-year observations in 47 pathologically verified parkinsonian patients. In all the IPD cases with median follow-up of 3.7 years, RT was noted on at least one ...
Venugopal P L - - 1991
Two hundred and ten histologically diagnosed cases of mycetoma filed in the Departments of Pathology of four Medical Colleges in Tamil Nadu, India, between 1964-1987 were subjected to detailed histopathological study; Actinomadura madurae, was found in 73 of them. In nine cases of mycetoma pedis, the organism A. madurae has ...
Margolis R H - - 1991
Measurement of the acoustic-stapedius reflex is useful in the diagnosis of certain otologic diseases. The anatomy and physiology of the middle ear muscles and the acoustic reflex arc are reviewed for normal and pathologic ears. The application of acoustic reflex measures to clinical diagnosis is illustrated by a series of ...
Smith D R - - 1991
The case of a 12-year-old girl with retroperitoneal fibrosis and a horseshoe kidney is presented. This is a relationship that has not previously been described. An in-depth review of the literature of childhood retroperitoneal fibrosis is undertaken with accompanying discussion on the etiology, symptoms, pathology, radiographic findings, treatments and prognosis ...
Rizvi J H - - 1991
Hysterectomy in Pakistan, like in other parts of the world is considered to be overused in a number of cases. As a part of a quality assurance process at the Aga Khan University Medical Centre, Karachi, 376 hysterectomies performed between January, 1987 and December, 1989 were retrospectively analysed and the ...
Shumack S - - 1991
The pathology of 61 cases of disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis was reviewed and the relative frequency of the histological features associated with the cornoid lamella and the pathology within and outside the porokeratotic rim were assessed. Papillary dermal lymphocytic infiltrate (97%), spinous layer vacuolar changes (90%), dyskeratotic cells in the ...
Manueddu C A - - 1991
We report a case of infective iliopsoas bursitis, and to our knowledge a similar case has not been described. The anatomical relation between the bursa and the hip, and related pathological conditions are reviewed. The contribution of CT-guided catheterisation is emphasised as it allows aspiration of fluid, injection of radio-opaque ...
White W - - 1991
We report 2 cases of paravertebral soft tissue lesions with the histologic features of juvenile xanthogranuloma, both of which occurred in infants. Juvenile xanthogranuloma situated in the soft tissue is rare. We describe 2 cases with similar clinical and pathologic features; there has been no recurrence at 1 and 2 ...
Adleberg J S - - 1991
An unusual case of avascular necrosis of the talus secondary to chronic steroid usage is presented, along with a review of the literature. Etiologic factors as well as radiographic and clinical features will be discussed. Possible treatment alternatives will be reviewed. With greater knowledge of this pathologic process, prompt diagnosis ...
Morris R J - - 1991
All patients presenting with double vision as a principal symptom who presented to the Casualty Department of Moorfields Eye Hospital over a nine month period were prospectively investigated. Two hundred and seventy five patients were identified accounting for 1.4% of all casualties. Monocular diplopia was commoner than expected accounting for ...
Moody G H - - 1990
Pathology is a discipline that is often approached with some reserve by nonpathologists. In this four-part series the author aims to 'demystify' the subject. The objective of this first article is to improve understanding of the purposes, limitations and methodology of pathology. In essence the role of the diagnostic histopathologist ...
Rivest J - - 1990
Adult-onset dystonia-parkinsonism is a syndrome in search of a pathology. We therefore reviewed the literature on dystonic manifestations in autopsy-proven cases of multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Only 6 of 140 autopsy reports of MSA remarked on the presence of dystonia in ...
Rossi M A - - 1990
The case reported in this paper, besides illustrating many of the clinical and pathological aspects of chronic dermatomyositis, documents a yet undescribed feature of involvement of the heart in dermatomyositis, namely endomyocardial fibrosis. The pathogenetic mechanism of such a happening is discussed, and its possible relationship to tropical endomyocardial fibrosis ...
al-Alousi L M - - 1990
Two cases of homicidal electrocutions are reported. A woman and her young son were killed in 1980 by her ex-husband. The criminal used electrical force as a method of killing. He wound flexible conducting wires around the limbs of the victims and switched on the current. He deliberately deceived his ...
Verity M A - - 1990
The clinicopathological findings are presented of two cases of mesolimbocortical dementia. Both cases were characterised by late onset slowly progressive personality changes and progressive intellectual deterioration without clinical Parkinsonism. Neuropathological findings revealed non-specific neuronal degeneration, Holzer and GFAP positive gliosis primarily affecting the limbic system, caudate, thalamus and substantia nigra. ...
Ruiz Villaespesa A - - 1990
Aiming at increasing our understanding of the various causative factors of nonimmunologic hydrops fetalis (NIHF) and their pathogenetic mechanisms, we have reviewed 59 cases of this condition from a total number of 4,175 pediatric post-mortem studies performed at the Department of Pathology of the Hospital La Paz from 1967 to ...
Kossovsky N - - 1990
Silicones, used extensively in the fabrication of medical devices because they were presumed inert and biocompatible, are now well-recognized inducers of localized granulomatous inflammation. Silicones less commonly are also associated with more complex clinico-pathologic entities. In this communication, the authors present a case of a patient on chronic hemodialysis involving ...
Lovisetto P - - 1990
Authors report 6 cases of benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC), a rare disease of unknown etiology first described 30 years ago by Summerskill and Walshe, and thought to represent a study model for human cholestasis. Clinical, biochemical and pathologic findings of BRIC are briefly summarized in this paper in order ...
Itagaki S - - 1989
A case of progressive dementia in a 68-year-old woman was characterized by the postmortem finding of widespread argyrophilic grains in the cerebral cortex. The grains consisted of 10- to 13-nm filaments in deposits ranging up to 9 microns in length and 3 microns in diameter. The grains stained positive with ...
Sogbein S K - - 1989
We describe 4 cases of gross hematuria in young men due to papillary urethral lesions composed of prostatic-type epithelium. The clinical presentation, cystourethroscopic and pathological findings, and management are reviewed. A possible histogenesis is proposed based on a comparison of surgical biopsy tissues from 4 cases with prostatic urethral sections ...
Chang J L - - 1989
Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the spleen is an extremely rare benign lesion. We herein report an additional case of a 64-year-old man with IPT of spleen to compare with seven cases previously reported in the literature. However, the immunohistochemical studies has demonstrated to polyclonality of plasma cells which was comparable ...
Whitehouse G M - - 1989
This paper describes two cases of expulsive choroidal haemorrhage (ECH) where the final corrected visual acuity was 6/5. The management of one case consisted simply of vitrectomy; and the other of suprachoroidal drainage of blood followed by vitrectomy. The pathological findings in a series of eyes enucleated following ECH are ...
George W M - - 1989
Verruciform xanthoma is a rare pathologic entity with a predilection for the oral mucosa. A case of verruciform xanthoma involving the penis, the second reported in this location, is presented.
al-Alousi L M - - 1989
The medicolegal importance of volatile substance abuse, as an example of toxicological deaths, is reviewed. A case of a 13-year-old boy who died after inhalation of volatile substances from a deodorant spray tin is presented. Another similar case has been summarized in the discussion. Different aspects of volatile substance abuse ...
Asfora W T - - 1989
A case of angiographically occult brainstem vascular malformation presenting solely with pathological laughing and crying is reported. Although this emotional syndrome has been seen in association with several different pathological entities, review of the literature failed to identify its occurrence as the only clinical expression of angiographically occult brainstem vascular ...
Corbett J J - - 1989
We report the clinical and neuropathologic findings of a 63-year-old woman who died following an accidental lithium overdose that produced coma, respiratory depression, horizontal gaze palsy, and downbeating nystagmus. She also had mild hypomagnesemia. The pathology was cytotoxicity, predominantly in the regions of the nuclei prepositus hypoglossi and medial vestibular ...
Magaña-García M - - 1989
This paper reports on clinical, laboratory, and pathologic findings of 10 cases of an idiopathic form of hyperpigmentation of the clavicular zone, a peculiar entity of circumscribed, glistening, pigmented lesions affecting young Latin women. Pathologic findings consisted of focal to extensive necrosis of the epidermis, focal areas of junctional cleavage, ...
Kantor S J - - 1989
This case presentation demonstrates the importance of recognizing that patients can have both character pathology and affective disorders, shows the need to assess the impact of one illness upon the other, demonstrates the importance of having both medical and psychological viewpoints in attempting to manage such patients, and shows the ...
Bergeron C - - 1989
To clarify the significance of the Lewy body (LB) in Alzheimer disease (AD), we determined the incidence and distribution of LB in 150 cases of AD and 75 controls. We also examined the pathological changes in the substantia nigra and quantified neocortical alterations, including the density of neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary ...
Gaines J J JJ - - 1989
The gross and microscopic pathology of alkaptonuric ochronosis is presented from a study of pathologic specimens from six cases in our files and from a review of the literature. Emphasis is placed on the most clinically relevant organ systems involved by ochronosis: musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, genitourinary, eye, and skin. Recent electron ...
Kosaka K - - 1988
The pathological basis for dementia in Lewy body disease (LBD) remains controversial. While some investigators propose that cortical lesions are responsible, others favor a subcortical basis for this dementia. Brains from 35 patients with LBD (11 demented with diffuse LBD; 12 demented and 12 non-demented with a brainstem type of ...
Youngs R - - 1988
Benign osteitis of the external auditory canal is a distinct clinical entity characterized by localized ulceration in the skin of the floor of the bony external auditory meatus with underlying osteitis and sequestration of the underlying tympanic bone. Consideration of clinical and pathological data suggests that continued self-inflicted minor trauma ...
Appleton S S - - 1988
A rhinolith is an object that has become lodged in the nose and has slowly calcified. It is seen on dental radiographs as a radiopaque object in the nasal fossa and may be confused with several pathologic entities that call for more invasive surgical procedures. A history of unilateral nasal ...
Casey D A - - 1988
Two cases are reported in which visual hallucinations occurred in elderly patients after the development of senile macular degeneration, a condition that causes gradual loss of visual acuity with preservation of peripheral vision. The hallucinatory experiences are interpreted as delusional explanations for pathologically altered vision, rather than as psychological or ...
el-Benhawi M O - - 1988
The first reported case of the rare genodermatosis incontinentia pigmenti (Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome) affecting a 6-week-old Qatari girl is presented. An interesting feature in our patient is the simultaneous presence of several stages of lesion evolution. The clinical and pathologic features of incontinentia pigmenti are reviewed briefly.
Clemis J D - - 1988
The coexistence of an acoustic neuroma with otosclerosis can prove to be a great diagnostic dilemma. In such cases, the diagnosis of acoustic neuroma is usually delayed while more common causes of sensorineural hearing loss associated with otosclerosis or its surgery are considered. Any asymmetric progression of a sensorineural loss ...
Cole R R - - 1988
A series of 655 elective cricothyroidotomies presented by Brantigan and Grow in 1975 has fueled a recent explosion in the number of cricothyroidotomies being performed for elective tracheal access. This article reviews Jackson's classic 1921 paper on cricothyroidotomy, Brantigan and Grow's series, seven recent clinical series of elective cricothyroidotomies, and ...
Németh G - - 1988
The clinical symptoms and neuropathological findings of three patients suffering from akinetic mutism were summarized. The patients showed almost absolute mutism and immobility and were unable to communicate in any way. The neurological signs varied from case to case. The pathological features common to all of the cases were bilateral ...
Tomaru T - - 1988
To evaluate pathologic features of myocardial infarction of the right ventricle (MI-RV), we analyzed 106 autopsy cases with transmural myocardial infarction (MI) (fresh in 46 cases and healed in 60). Anterior MI was observed in 47, posterior MI in 54 and lateral in 5. There were 13 cases (12%) with ...
Clement P B - - 1988
The clinical and pathological features of four cases of endometrial decidual reaction in postmenopausal women are described. There was no evident exogenous or endogenous source of progesterone excess in any of the patients. The pathological findings, including bulky polypoid tissue, necrosis, cellular pleomorphism, signet-ring-like decidual cells, and glandular atypia, raised ...
Finzi A - - 1987
We present clinical, electrophysiologic and morphologic correlations of a patient with a permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia, who died from a lung tumor. At electrophysiologic study, the tachycardia circuit was suspected to involve an atrio-Hisian accessory pathway antegradely and the AV node retrogradely; a ventriculo-atrial accessory pathway was excluded. ...
Hovenden A L - - 1987
A patient is described with acquired hypertrichosis lanuginosa associated with malignancy; the case history and pathologic findings are described. The literature, consisting of 35 cases, is analyzed in respect to the hormonal and pathologic findings, and the age and sex of the patients. No definite hormonal cause is as yet ...
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