Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 440
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Garg R K - - 2000
Clinical, radiological and pathological studies in patients with stroke, presenting with pathological laughter as heralding manifestation, have shown lesions in the internal capsule and thalamus, basal ganglion, hypothalamus and ventral pons. In this report a patient with similar manifestation and having a cortical infarct in the territory supplied by superior ...
Mulkeen D - - 2000
The hand is not uncommonly afflicted by Fibrous histiocytoma/Giant Cell tumour of tendon sheath, an enigmatic and loosely-defined clinical entity only occasionally entering into the literature. The 26 cases in this clinico-pathologic review were obtained by a computerised search of histological files at the Dept. of Pathology, UCHG. Twice as ...
Mansell N J - - 2000
Inverted Schneiderian Papilloma remains a controversial nasal disease. Although a benign pathology it is associated with aggressive local destruction, recurrence after removal and malignancy. New information regarding aetiology may aid management which at present consists of surgical resection. The best method of resection is still undetermined. This paper describes 43 ...
Fisher C M - - 2000
This is a comprehensive literature review of the motor abnormalities that have come to be included under the designation of Alien Hand Phenomena (AHP). Some of the disorders are dyspractic in nature - intermanual conflict, mirror movements, interference etc., while others - groping, grasping with inability to release, utilization etc. ...
McCluskey G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review some of the important biomechanical factors that provide glenohumeral stability, along with the pathologic mechanisms involved in glenohumeral instability of the shoulder. DATA SOURCES: Current English medical literature concerning the multiple pathologic factors involved in glenohumeral instability was reviewed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Multiple dynamic and static factors control ...
de Bruijn L M - - 2000
In this contribution two methods from the domain of information retrieval are compared. The goal of the retrieval is to select from a library of pathology reports those ones that are most similar to a given report. The SNOMED codes that accompany these reports are presented to the pathologist who ...
Rutty G N - - 2000
Necrotizing fasciitis is a progressive, potentially fatal, rapid, necrotizing infection of the subcutaneous tissues and fascia often caused by a mixture of organisms or by infection with group A Streptococcus pyogenes with or without Staphylococcus aureus. Three cases are presented that have been encountered in forensic pathologic practice. Two cases ...
Mair T S - - 2000
This report describes the clinical and pathological features of 4 horses affected by caecocaecal or caecocolic intussusceptions associated with larval cyathostomiasis. In each case, there was clinical and/or pathological evidence of concurrent larval cyathostomosis. They all demonstrated variable signs including diarrhoea, pyrexia, weight loss and subcutaneous oedema and cyathostome larvae ...
Spires S E - - 2000
CONTEXT: The vanishing or regressed testis is an entity well known to urologists and pediatric surgeons, affecting approximately 5% of patients with cryptorchidism. However, there is little review and discussion of this entity among pathologists with only 2 of 40 published reviews of testicular regression syndrome (TRS) found in the ...
Tsutsumi S - - 2000
A 33-year-old male presented with involuntary and inappropriate laughter. Neuroimaging revealed a meningioma ventrolateral to the pons and midbrain, attached to the medial middle tentorium on the left side. The pathological laughter ceased immediately after subtotal removal of the tumor. Pathological laughter may be an early focal sign of a ...
Mathuranath P S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: According to the existing viewpoint, Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is thought of as a predominantly extrapyramidal motor disorder that is distinct and unrelated to frontotemporal dementia (FTD), the most common form of non-Alzheimer dementias. A lack of understanding of the aetiopathogenesis, and poor correlation between the pathology and the clinical ...
Chowdhury M M - - 2000
Juvenile colloid milium is an extremely rare skin condition with an onset prior to puberty; it can be distinguished histologically from the adult form. We report a case of juvenile colloid milium associated with ligneous conjunctivitis and gingival deposits of an amyloid-like homogenous eosinophilic material. We hypothesize that all three ...
Bohlman H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) are a relatively uncommon finding with an estimated prevalence of anywhere from 0.3% to 2%. Reports of relative afferent pupillary defects (RAPDs) associated with ONHD are scarce. CASE REPORT: A patient with an RAPD was found to have ONHD as the only apparent etiology ...
Compagnoni G M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of esophageal pathology remains a challenge despite advances in preoperative endoscopy, radiographic staging, and perioperative care. CASE REPORT: In this article, we present an interesting case of esophageal leiomyomatosis in a woman with a history of vulvar leiomyoma and Barrett's esophagus. This paper represents the ...
McCullagh S - - 2000
Pathological laughing and crying (PLC) is increasingly recognized to accompany diverse neurologic conditions, although it remains poorly understood. The authors describe 3 cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with an unusual change from a predominance of pathological crying to laughter following drug treatment. Possible explanations for this phenomenon are discussed.
Mukaddes N M - - 2000
The aim of our study is to report the relation between pathological care and impairment in social interaction, communication, language development, and stereotypical behaviors. Fifteen cases (9 boys, 6 girls) who have the symptoms listed above and who were misdiagnosed with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), were referred to our clinic ...
Simonati A - - 2000
Clinical findings and pathological features of 28 patients affected with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are reviewed. The patient group included 15 children affected with the late-infantile form of NCL (LINCL), 10 patients affected with the juvenile form (JNCL), and 3 adult cases. Ultrastructural examinations of 50 biopsies from 6 tissues ...
Niimi S - - 2000
There have been various methods proposed for diagnosing laryngeal pathology by analyzing the pathological voice. However, even if two diagnoses are the same, the voice quality might not be the same. In other words, it is difficult to diagnose laryngeal pathology only by acoustic parameters. In this study, we analyze ...
Schafer R - - 1999
The author argues that the widespread affective experience of disappointment has not received the analytic attention it deserves, and that this is particularly the case for disappointedness as an outstanding feature of a way of life. Disappointedness is presented as a pathological organisation or character disorder that expresses specific unconscious ...
Kazzi J C - - 1999
This paper reports on the findings of a 1997 survey of the turnaround times (TATs) of small, uncomplicated biopsies performed in five major anatomical pathology (AP) departments in NSW over a period of four weeks. A comparative analysis of the performance of the departments shows that in the majority of ...
Gómez-Tortosa E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To examine the distribution of cortical Lewy bodies (LB) and their contribution to the clinical syndrome in dementia with LB (DLB) and to address their relationship to the pathologic markers of AD and PD. METHODS: We studied 25 cases meeting neuropathologic criteria for DLB: 13 cases without AD (Braak ...
Nowak M A - - 1999
Benign fibroepithelial polyps of the renal pelvis are rare. Although many ureteral fibroepithelial polyps have been reported, there are, to our knowledge, only 20+ reported cases in the renal pelvis. We report herein the clinical and pathologic features of fibroepithelial polyp of the renal pelvis and provide a detailed review ...
Selman A E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of routine second review of pathologic material that was sent to Ohio State University before initiation of therapy. METHODS: All the gynecologic-oncologic histopathology review diagnoses made during a 1-year period were compared with original pathologic diagnoses. When there was a discrepant diagnosis with the second ...
Feldman P J - - 1999
This study examined the role of personality in the reporting of symptoms and illness not supported by underlying pathology. After assessment of the Big Five personality factors, 276 healthy volunteers were inoculated with a common cold virus. On each of the following 5 days, objective indicators of pathology, self-reported symptoms, ...
Kawashima T - - 1999
Braak's argyrophilic grains (ArG) are spindle-shaped structures originally described in patients with dementia. Herein, a unique case of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) accompanied by numerous ArG is presented. The pathological picture was typical of CJD based on the findings of routine hematoxylin-eosin staining. The highest density of ArG was observed ...
Firlik K S - - 1999
A small number of recent reports have documented coexisting cerebral pathologic entities in patients with Rasmussen's encephalitis. We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who presented with refractory seizures and was found to have both a ganglioglioma and Rasmussen's encephalitis of the same hemisphere. The patient ultimately underwent a ...
Chintapalli K N - - 1999
PURPOSE. We retrospectively evaluated sonographic findings in 946 cases of gallstones to determine whether the false-negative rate for gallstone detection by sonography has decreased as a result of technologic advances over the past 15 years. METHODS: We reviewed preoperative sonographic reports, operative notes, and pathologic reports for 614 women and ...
Oliphant U J - - 1999
Mucocele of the appendix is a nonspecific term that is used to describe an appendix abnormally distended with mucus. This may be the result of either neoplastic or non-neopleastic causes and may present like most appendiceal pathology with either mild abdominal pain or life-threatening peritonitis. Urologic manifestations of mucocele of ...
Weisz-Carrington P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: A telepathology connection between Richmond VAMC and Beckley VAMC using dynamic robotic telepathology to provide pathology services remotely was established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reports a 14-month experience using telepathology to diagnose surgical specimens obtained from patients at the Beckley VA Medical Center and viewed in Richmond 250 ...
Dunn B E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether diagnostic concordance, case deferral rate, and/or time required to review slides changed significantly as telepathologists gained additional experience using a hybrid dynamic/store-and-forward (HDSF) telepathology (TP) system on the 2000 cases following an initial 200 consecutive surgical cases, previously reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gross surgical pathology specimens ...
Harvey G T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Temporal lobe atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been suggested as a specific diagnostic marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). No previous comparison with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) has been reported. METHOD: T1-weighted MRI scans were performed on 11 subjects with AD (nine with NINCDS/ADRDA probable AD and ...
Richard M - - 1999
Most neuropathology laboratories have been faced with the question of dealing with cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) which is a rare neurodegenerative disorder. Neuropathologists have been long aware of the transmissibility and unique properties of the agent which make it resistant to conventional inactivating reagents. The emergence of iatrogenic cases ...
Thomson A B AB Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton. - - 1999
In the past year there have been many advances in the area of small bowel physiology and pathology. In preparation for this review, over 500 papers were assessed; some have been selected and reviewed, with a particular focus on presenting clinically useful information for the practising gastroenterologist.
Lahat E - - 1998
Pseudotumour cerebri is a clinical syndrome characterized by increased intracranial pressure in the absence of intracranial pathology. The possible association between this condition and infections has already been mention in a few case series. This paper describes a 6-y-old girl with a classical picture of pseudotumour cerebri: which developed 1 ...
Thomson A B AB Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton. - - 1998
In the past year there have been many advances in the area of small bowel physiology and pathology. In preparation for this review, over 500 papers were assessed, and some have been selected and reviewed, with a particular focus on presenting clinically useful information for the practising gastroenterologist.
Gaudio R M - - 1998
Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are rare, usually slow growing neoplasms. Their biological behaviour cannot be predicted in an individual case. Furthermore, the neuropathological diagnosis of these neoplasms is occasionally difficult because light and electron microscopical and immunohistochemical features may overlap with those of other neoplasms localising in the choroid plexus. ...
Nosanchuk J D - - 1998
Coccidioides immitis is a dimorphic fungus capable of causing a diverse spectrum of disease in humans. Although the diagnostic pathologic finding in tissue is a mature endosporulating spherule, hyphal structures can also be found in over 50% of pathologic specimens. This report presents a case of coccidioidomycosis in which there ...
Caturelli E - - 1998
A case of a CA 19-9 producing cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma originating from the common hepatic duct is presented, with a review of the literature. The findings of ultrasound and CT scans and the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography picture allowed the establishment of a confident pre-operative diagnosis. Although there was an ...
Denes G - - 1998
Five cases of limb-kinetic apraxia following primary degenerative cerebral pathology are reported. Apraxia appeared as the main symptom and was not concomitant to aphasia or to widespread cognitive impairments. Apraxia was not a consequence of elementary motor or sensory deficits, lack of coordination, or the result of the presence of ...
Nakhleh R E - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate amended report rates relative to surveillance methods and to identify surveillance methods or other practice parameters that lower amended report rates. DESIGN: Participants in the 1996 Q-Probes quality improvement program of the College of American Pathologists were asked to prospectively document amended surgical pathology reports for a ...
Lande A - - 1998
To review the current status of clinical, pathological and arteriographic aspects of abdominal Takayasu's aortitis (TA). Personal experience with 86 patients with TA and review of the literature is the basis of this report. The diagnostic significance of primary versus secondary atherosclerosis is described in this communication and the arteriographic ...
Dawson Laura A. - - 1998
A case of Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-associated epididymitis that was non responsive to 6 months of antituberculous therapy, but stable after 2 years, is reported. We review the clinical and pathological features of previously reported cases of pathologically diagnosed BCG-associated epididymitis. Surgery has been the primary treatment for BCG-associated epididymitis in ...
Martín E - - 1998
We report a rare case of achalasia coexistent with megacolon. The patient, a 25-year-old woman, presented at our hospital with a history of abdominal pain with distension, and was finally operated on for a megacolon. Five months later she presented symptoms of progressive dysphagia and heartburn. Oesophageal manometry of the ...
Nahas Z - - 1998
Emotional incontinence (EI) is a perturbing condition characterized by uncontrollable outbursts of exaggerated, involuntary facial expressions and pathological crying or laughter. There is increasing evidence that serotonergic neurotransmission may be damaged in EI. The authors report 4 pathological crying cases (3 poststroke and 1 with multiple sclerosis) and 1 case ...
Zanella M - - 1998
We report the clinical and pathologic features seen in 14 cases of pseudoangiomatous hyperplasia of the mammary stroma. The lesion manifested as a discrete palpable lump in twelve women and two men. The excisional biopsy specimens showed firm, circumscribed grey-tan lesions measuring from 3 to 5.5 cm in largest dimension. ...
Verstraete W L - - 1998
Advanced forms of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis or Forestier's disease can induce dysphagia and significant respiratory symptoms such as hoarseness, dyspnea, snoring and laryngeal stridor. Severe respiratory distress is very rare. Two identical cases of chronic respiratory distress due to bilateral vocal cord adduction-fixation in conjunction with skeletal pathology in ...
Hunter L L - - 1997
This article discusses how several diagnostic tools used by audiologists inter-relate to anatomical abnormalities viewed by video otoscopy. Background of common middle ear pathology is reviewed, with emphasis on new research findings regarding pathophysiology. A review of video otoscopy, multifrequency tympanometry, and otoreflectance is provided. Case studies illustrate the integrated ...
Netser J C - - 1997
To study the cost-effectiveness of the histologic examination of tonsil and adenoid specimens, the histologic diagnoses for all routine (2,700) and nonroutine (71) tonsil and adenoid specimens during a 10-year period were reviewed. There were 27 routine cases (1%) and 56 nonroutine cases (79%) with a diagnosis other than normal, ...
Ko M K - - 1997
AIMS: To observe the vascular pattern of the peripapillary circle of Zinn-Haller in humans by fundus fluorescein angiography. METHODS: 307 cases (from 212 patients) of fundus fluorescein angiograms performed in patients with myopic degeneration were evaluated to find the circle of Zinn-Haller and to observe its fundus fluorescein angiographic features. ...
Sieg K G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The results of past research have identified changes in brain structure in anorexia nervosa. We observed previously unreported MRI alterations in two cases of anorexia nervosa. METHOD: For both cases, we reviewed the clinical history, MRI scans and conducted a pertinent literature review. RESULTS: The MRI brain scans of ...
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