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Iwadate Kimiharu - - 2003
Acupuncture is one of the most popular complementary therapies in the world. Pneumothorax due to perforation of the lungs by needle insertion is one of the most common and serious complications of acupuncture treatment. Although there have been several case studies of pneumothorax induced by acupuncture, as far as we ...
Wakisaka Yoshinobu - - 2003
In dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), the Lewy bodies (LBs) are an essential substrate. Although LB pathology has gained increasing attention as one of the major causes of dementia, little is known about the exact prevalence of LB pathology in the general population. In addition, the pathology of Alzheimer-type dementia ...
Brannon Robert B - - 2003
Transient lingual papillitis is an inflammatory disease involving the fungiform papillae of the tongue and is typically localized, accompanied by pain or tenderness, and of short duration. The unusual clinical and pathologic findings regarding a condition we identify as a recurring papulokeratotic variant of transient lingual papillitis are described. In ...
Gillespie M Boyd - - 2003
A recognized disadvantage of power-assisted adenoidectomy (PAA) is the increased patient charge associated with the disposable instrumentation. The elimination of pathological review of routine adenoid specimens may provide a means of offsetting the increased charge, as 1) unsuspected findings are rare, and 2) PAA specimens are too traumatized to provide ...
D'Ambrosio Anthony L - - 2003
Diffuse bilateral enlargement of the choroid plexus has long been appreciated as a cause of shunt-resistant hydrocephalus in infants, most often secondary to cerebrospinal fluid overproduction. Despite the fact that such lesions have interchangeably been termed 'villous hypertrophy' (VH) or 'bilateral choroid plexus papilloma' (CPP), little attention has been paid ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2003
Blinded review has been shown to be an excellent method to detect disagreements and errors and improve performance in gynecologic cytology. Preliminary studies suggest it may be valuable in surgical pathology. We reviewed 5,000 sequential outpatient surgical pathology biopsy cases without knowledge of the original diagnosis or history and compared ...
Lee Tatia M C - - 2003
The case of a 67-year-old right-handed Chinese man with Central Pontine Myelinolysis [CPM] is described to illustrate the resulting cognitive and emotional disturbances. A comparison of the data in this report with that in published studies suggests that ethnicity does not seem to have much effect on the symptoms of ...
Caldarella Adele - - 2003
The vascular lesions in the placenta form a heterogeneous group of possibly interrelated alterations. Gestational age distribution is different for chorangioma, chorangiosis, and chorangiomatosis; the pathogenesis is unclear, and histological features, especially those of chorangiosis and chorangiomatosis, frequently overlap. Chorangiomatosis shows intermediate features between chorangiosis and chorangioma. In this lesion, ...
Nelson James S - - 2002
CONTEXT: Alzheimer disease (AD) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) have similar peak, age-specific incidence rates; however, to my knowledge, only 1 case of GBM associated with AD has been reported to date. The frequency of AD pathology, including neuritic plaques, diffuse plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy in patients with ...
Prepageran N - - 2002
We describe two cases of nasal inverted papilloma who had different management modalities. Although both were essentially of the same pathology, one underwent endoscopic excision while the other was treated with the more popular lateral rhinotomy and medial maxillectomy. We wish to highlight the different modalities of treatment available for ...
Constantinides H - - 2002
Haemangiopericytoma refers to an uncommon vascular/perivascular neoplasm of which a minority of cases arise in the head and neck. It comprises a group of lesions with marked clinical and pathological heterogeneity and a lack of positive criteria by which to make a definitive diagnosis. We describe an unusual case of ...
Pisal Narendra - - 2002
Post-menopausal bleeding in the presence of prolonged use of an intrauterine device should be investigated with hysteroscopy and endometrial sampling to rule out endometrial pathology. Here, we present two cases of prolonged use of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD), both associated with endometrial pathology, to illustrate the importance of these investigations.
Verghese J - - 2002
Pigmentary type of orthochromatic leukodystrophy (POLD) is an adult-onset leukodystrophy, characterized pathologically by the presence of glial and microglial cytoplasmic pigment inclusions. The complete phenotype, genotype and pathogenetic mechanisms in POLD have not been elucidated. We followed for 18 years a woman with autopsy-proven POLD, who presented with 'frontal' dementia ...
Cook Deborah S - - 2002
This article presents a case report of a shooting using an antique pistol. The unusual pathological findings are presented, together with a review of the law in this area. It seems that there is currently a loophole in the 1997 Firearms Act by means of which 'enthusiasts' or 'collectors' may ...
Koumanidou C - - 2002
The aim of this study is to present the cases of four neonates with hemorrhage within the cavum septi pellucidi (CSP). The sonographic findings of this rare location of intracranial hemorrhage, the related pathology and the possible underlying mechanisms are discussed, with a brief review of the literature. Three out ...
Yokota Osamu - - 2002
Approximately 60% of familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases manifest Lewy bodies (LBs), of which a major component is alpha-synuclein. Although the pathogenic role of alpha-synuclein in AD remains unclear, LB formation might be associated with pathological beta-amyloid (Abeta) overproduction. Here, we present the clinical and pathological characteristics of ...
Leverenz James B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a neuropathologic finding characterized by neuronal loss and gliosis in the CA-1 and subiculum of the hippocampus. Previous studies of HS have shown that this is a common postmortem finding in elderly subjects with dementia. However, these studies were from selected samples and therefore are ...
Tandan T - - 2002
A case of pelvic inflammatory disease in a sexually non-active 13 year old girl is described, with evidence of pinworms as the cause. Albendazole treatment cleared the infestation but the patient suffered subsequent bouts of lower abdominal pain. The literature is reviewed regarding abdominal pathology associated with ectopic migration of ...
Maruniak Nicholas A - - 2002
PURPOSE: The frequency with which muscularis propria was sampled by urologists and the sources of interpretive discrepancies among pathologists were studied in a community practice setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 217 consecutive cases of urothelial neoplasm were independently reviewed by 3 pathologists. The presence or absence of muscularis ...
Formica F - - 2002
Encephaloceles are rare cranio-facial developmental anomalies. In this paper, we discuss the case of an 8-month-old girl affected by a transsphenoidal meningoencephalocele and try to give landmarks of the state of art in the surgical treatment of this rare pathology.
Kang Sook-Kyoung - - 2002
Nodular fasciitis represents reactive myofibroblastic proliferative lesions in the subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscles, and fascia. Uncommon clinical and pathological variants of nodular fasciitis, such as intravascular, cranial, ossifying, and proliferative fasciitis, have been described. Six cases documenting a dermal location of nodular fasciitis have been reported in the English literature. ...
Genest David R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the combination of flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry for p57 expression is useful for the pathologic classification of diagnostically challenging hydatidiform moles. STUDY DESIGN: Six probable hydatidiform moles that were difficult to classify pathologically were reevaluated by histology, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry for p57. RESULTS: In all ...
Kossard Steven - - 2002
The diagnosis of atypical lentiginous melanocytic naevi in chronic sun-damaged skin is a clinical and pathological challenge. Mottled skin in the elderly is a result of extensive freckling, guttate hypomelanosis, solar lentigines, seborrhoeic keratoses and small dark lentigines. In addition, atypical lentiginous junctional naevi may be seen as isolated lesions ...
Finkelstein Sydney D - - 2002
Often the pathologic changes of IBD are subtle and may not be present in a proportion of biopsy specimens. In cases of early disease, the changes may be missed, and additional specimens should be taken after a period of time. Modifying factors, such as prebiopsy treatment and coexisting disease, should ...
Snowden Julie S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia accounts for up to 20% of cases of dementia in the presenium, yet remains poorly recognised. Diagnostic criteria have been devised to aid clinical diagnosis. AIMS: To provide an overview of clinical and pathological characteristics of frontotemporal dementia and its nosological status. METHODS: The review summarises consensus ...
Zinman Carron - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Mica exposure is frequent in mines, mills, agriculture, construction, and industry. This is a case report of possible mica pneumoconiosis. METHODS: Case report and description of pathology. Histology slides were subjected to spectroscopic examination. RESULTS: Fibrosis in the presence of mica, without evidence of silica was confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: This ...
Leake John A D - - 2002
Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (AHLE) is a rare, fulminant CNS demyelinating condition usually diagnosed at autopsy. We report the clinical, laboratory, radiographic, and pathologic features of the first nonfatal case of pediatric AHLE confirmed by brain biopsy. Pathologic diagnosis of this condition may be critical to exclude more-common processes and to ...
Pinar Halit - - 2002
Radiography of three boys 5-6 years old with anterior knee pain revealed increased density and irregularity of the patellar ossification centers. A search of the literature suggested that it was osteochondrosis of the primary ossification center of the patella, named after Köhler. Continuing search also revealed that it might be ...
Togo Takashi - - 2002
Argyrophilic grain disease (AGD) is a recently recognized disorder whose relationship to dementia as well as genetic or biochemical features remain incompletely characterized in part due to diagnostic difficulties engendered by concomitant pathologies. In the present study, we reviewed a consecutive series of over 300 brains referred for evaluation of ...
Schneider Julie A - - 2002
The role of substantia nigra pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is uncertain. Detection of pathology may be obscured by intraneuronal neuromelanin and influenced by stains. We determined methods for optimal visualization of nigral pathology in 45 cases of AD. For detection of Lewy bodies (LBs), we compared ubiquitin and alpha-synuclein ...
Baima B - - 2002
Demodex mites are common commensals of the pilosebaceous unit in mammals. In humans, only two species (Demodex folliculorum and D. brevis) have been identified and have been implied to play a role in at least three facial conditions: pityriasis folliculorum, rosacea-like demodicidosis and so-called "demodicidosis gravis". However, there is no ...
Chen Min - - 2002
The features of the symptoms, laboratory tests and pathological characteristics of adrenal cortical and medullary hyperplasia were studied. In 6 cases of hypercatecholaminenia, plasma norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), catecholamine (CA) and 24-h urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), 17-hydroxycorticosteroid (OHCS) and 17-ketosteroid (KS) were determined. Adrenal glands were examined by CT scan ...
Haraguchi T - - 2001
Diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification (DNTC) is a form of presenile dementia, characterized pathologically by fronto-temporal atrophy with neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), neuropil threads and Fahr-type calcification, in which no senile plaques are observed. As already noted, chronic exposure to lead (Pb) might be one of the etiological factors of Fahr-type ...
Kaschka W P - - 2001
Pathological laughing and/or crying may occur as a concomitant symptom of various diseases of the central nervous system. No known anatomical basis for any of these disorders exists at present. However, references to a disturbance in central serotoninergic neurotransmission have become frequent in the literature, implicating this as an important ...
Leonard R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To describe the phonoscopic evaluation, present a rationale for its use, and demonstrate its use in identifying laryngeal and vocal pathology. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: One hundred consecutive cases of new patients referred to our voice clinic team were reviewed. Findings on laryngeal examination as reported by the ...
Williams A N - - 2001
A case of neonatal convulsion reported by Thomas Willis (1621-1675) together with its post mortem findings is quoted as being congenital intracerebral haemorrhage or strongly suggested as being the earliest pathological description of childhood cerebrovascular disease. However these authors only reviewed the incomplete written record left by Willis, describing how ...
Reddy P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: After decompression of cervical and lumbar nerve roots for radicular pain, pathological evaluation of the extracted disc material is commonly performed. Although histological examination rarely detects clinically significant unsuspected disease, it remains a common practice in most hospitals in the United States. To determine the cost-effectiveness of this routine ...
Kou H K - - 2001
Fluconazole was reported to be an effective alternative to Amphotericin B for candidal endophthalmitis. However, the dose for systemic use had not been determined and few pathological reports on its use have been published. An epiretinal membrane harvested from a regressed candidal endophthalmitis in a patient treated with fluconazole (200 ...
Londos E - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the neuropathological changes behind clinically defined dementia with Lewy bodies (clinDLB) compared with clinically diagnosed Alzheimer's disease (clinAD). METHODS: The prevalence of neuropathological findings in 48 clinDLB and 45 clinAD cases was compared. Sixteen clinDLB and 10 clinAD cases were reassessed with alpha-synuclein staining for Lewy bodies ...
Leuba G - - 2001
In order to study the patterns of Alzheimer disease (AD)-related pathology in the primary visual system of the oldest old, we performed a quantitative analysis of senile plaques (SP), diffuse beta amyloid (A beta) deposit and neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) distribution in primary area 17, and a semi-quantitative analysis in the ...
Lloyd A J - - 2001
We report two cases of late life depression who became progressively more resistant to treatment, developed cognitive impairment, and began to exhibit neurological abnormalities and evidence of vascular disease. A discussion of the clinical features of the cases is accompanied by reports of neuropathology and neuroimaging findings. Extensive white matter ...
Ma K C - - 2001
Alzheimer-type I astrogliopathy (AIA) is an uncommon neuropathological phenomenon encountered in Wilson's disease and less often in acquired hepatic encephalopathy. Since its first description in 1912 it has received little attention. However, after 1971, when the nature of its morphogenesis began to be recognized and it was shown that it ...
Perk H - - 2001
Herein, 2 cases of megacystis secondary to myenteric plexus pathology are reported. Unlike the entity of visceral myopathy, there was ganglion cell loss both in the bladder and in the colon of these 2 cases. Moreover, they did not present any gastrointestinal symptoms. Megacystis was the common pathology in these ...
Scarani P - - 2001
Recently, a strict relationship was demonstrated between scientific pathology reports of the 19th century and a large number of specimens from the museum of pathology 'Cesare Taruffi' of Bologna. Such an experience suggested verifying whether a similar relationship exists between the 19th-century collections of the museum of anatomy and the ...
Del Ser T - - 2001
The objectives of this study were to examine the clinical and pathologic features of two subgroups of patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) differing in Alzheimer disease (AD)-type pathology load and to identify clinical variables useful in the differential diagnosis from AD. The records of 64 consecutive demented patients ...
Garg R K - - 2000
Clinical, radiological and pathological studies in patients with stroke, presenting with pathological laughter as heralding manifestation, have shown lesions in the internal capsule and thalamus, basal ganglion, hypothalamus and ventral pons. In this report a patient with similar manifestation and having a cortical infarct in the territory supplied by superior ...
Mulkeen D - - 2000
The hand is not uncommonly afflicted by Fibrous histiocytoma/Giant Cell tumour of tendon sheath, an enigmatic and loosely-defined clinical entity only occasionally entering into the literature. The 26 cases in this clinico-pathologic review were obtained by a computerised search of histological files at the Dept. of Pathology, UCHG. Twice as ...
Mansell N J - - 2000
Inverted Schneiderian Papilloma remains a controversial nasal disease. Although a benign pathology it is associated with aggressive local destruction, recurrence after removal and malignancy. New information regarding aetiology may aid management which at present consists of surgical resection. The best method of resection is still undetermined. This paper describes 43 ...
Fisher C M - - 2000
This is a comprehensive literature review of the motor abnormalities that have come to be included under the designation of Alien Hand Phenomena (AHP). Some of the disorders are dyspractic in nature - intermanual conflict, mirror movements, interference etc., while others - groping, grasping with inability to release, utilization etc. ...
McCluskey G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review some of the important biomechanical factors that provide glenohumeral stability, along with the pathologic mechanisms involved in glenohumeral instability of the shoulder. DATA SOURCES: Current English medical literature concerning the multiple pathologic factors involved in glenohumeral instability was reviewed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Multiple dynamic and static factors control ...
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