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Giannikas D - - 2007
Trigger wrist is a relatively rare phenomenon. The pathological entities to which the term trigger wrist is applied are not well defined in the literature. We present three cases of trigger wrist as a result of flexor tendon pathology, review the literature and discuss the use of the term "trigger ...
Volkmer-Ribeiro Cecilia - - 2006
In a recent outbreak of human ocular injuries that occurred in the town of Araguatins, at the right bank of Araguaia river, state of Tocantins, Brazil, along the low water period of 2005, two patients (8 and 12-year-old boys) presented inferior adherent leukoma in the left eye (OS), and peripherical ...
Staunton H - - 2006
This paper reviews the contribution of Sudeck to the understanding of the condition commonly referred to as 'Sudeck's atrophy' and which is commonly used as a synonym for a condition variously called reflex sympathetic dystrophy, causalgia, algodystrophy and others. Sudeck came to show in his later papers that the so-called ...
Wu Adam S - - 2006
OBJECT: Routine histopathological examination of discectomy specimens remains common practice in many hospitals, although it rarely detects unsuspected clinically significant disease. Controversy exists as to the effectiveness of this practice. The objectives of this study were to compare the authors' experience with a review of the literature. METHODS: In a ...
Lewis Kevan G - - 2006
Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (NFD) and calciphylaxis are rare conditions that are associated with chronic kidney disease. Histopathologic changes, including dystrophic dermal calcification, often in association with elastic fibers have been observed in NFD and calciphylaxis. A pattern of dermal elastic fiber calcification that mimics pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) has been previously ...
Jagetia Anita - - 2006
Pathological laughter is an uncommon manifestation of neurosurgical diseases. Very few cases of trigeminal schwannoma have been reported in the literature presenting with pathological laughter as a predominant symptom. We are reporting on a case of multi-compartmental trigeminal schwannoma presenting as pathological laughter and discuss a review of the literature. ...
Koroglu M - - 2006
A case of hepatobiliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma and a case of biliary cystadenocarcinoma are presented. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma are rare liver lesions that are difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Regardless of the diagnostic modalities used these two pathologies cannot be differentiated with accuracy. The preoperative diagnosis of biliary cystadenoma ...
Thompson Richard J - - 2006
Sinistral, or left-sided, portal hypertension is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. There are many causes of sinistral portal hypertension. The primary pathology usually arises in the pancreas and results in compression of the pancreatic vein. This compression causes backpressure in the left portal venous system and subsequent gastric ...
Mackenzie Ian R A - - 2006
Although immunohistochemistry has helped to classify the histology of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), there have been many cases, described in the literature as showing "dementia lacking distinctive histology" (DLDH), in which this technique has failed to disclose signature pathological changes. Using an automated procedure we have repeated immunostaining for ubiquitin ...
Battista Robert A - - 2006
Revision stapedectomy can be a technically demanding operation. The surgeon must be prepared for many pathologic conditions before revision stapes surgery. Appropriate preoperative patient counseling is a must. The best chance for hearing improvement is in those cases that have a delayed conductive hearing loss after primary stapedectomy. This article ...
Kudela G - - 2006
Four cases of ureteral triplication in children are described. In one case ureteral triplication was detected incidentally and it was not accompanied by any other pathology of the urinary tract. In the three remaining cases there were pathologies of the urinary system (reflux, obstruction) that demanded surgical treatment. The literature ...
Chakrabarti J - - 2006
Accuracy of mammography in predicting pathological extent of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mammographic extent is the main determinant for offering wide local excision (WLE) for DCIS. It is recognized that this is not always accurate. Patients who prove to have larger lesions than predicted require further ...
Sarpel Yaman - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopic operations performed in the pediatric age group constitute less than 5% of all arthroscopies. Diagnostic accuracy is reported to be lower than the procedures in adult patients. The incidence of pathologies also varies in the literature. We aimed at assessing the diagnostic accuracy of arthroscopy and review the ...
Zivkovic Stojan M - - 2006
Omphalocele and gastroschisis are distinct malformations in many aspects. Anatomical and pathologic findings in both conditions are usually typical and very frequent. Unusual clinical presentations of some cases may contribute to clearing up questions about the embryological origins of gastroschisis and omphalocele. We describe a rare case of omphalocele associated ...
Uchikado Hirotake - - 2006
Lewy bodies (LBs) are alpha-synuclein-immunoreactive neuronal inclusions with a predilection for specific cortical and subcortical regions, including the amygdala. In this study, the presence of LBs was assessed in 347 cases of Alzheimer disease (AD). In 87 cases, LB pathology was diagnostic of brainstem (n=3), transitional (n=32), or diffuse (n=52) ...
Jicha Gregory A - - 2006
A previous autopsy study of patients with amnestic-type mild cognitive impairment (MCI) suggested an overrepresentation of argyrophilic grain disease (AGD). We studied 34 patients who had diagnoses of amnestic MCI during progression to dementia and who came to autopsy. Neuropathologic evaluation included routine histochemical and immunohistochemical methods, including a 4-repeat ...
O'Neill E J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical, clinical pathology, diagnostic imaging, microbiological and pathological features of cholangitis/cholangiohepatitis in the dog. METHODS: The study design was a retrospective review of cases of bacterial cholangitis/cholangiohepatitis presented to the University of Bristol during the period 1995 to 2000. The diagnosis was made based on hepatic ...
de Melo Ocarino Natália - - 2006
This report describes the first case of idiopathic hypertrophic osteopathy (HO) in a cat. No causes for the bone pathology were found following evaluation of the physical and laboratory examinations (complete blood count, albumin, creatinine, urea, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase and urinalysis), and after histopathological evaluation ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2006
In many departments, some cases are reviewed routinely by a second pathologist within the same department before sign out. The value of this practice is not known. We reviewed and compared the disagreement and amendment rates for cases reviewed by 1 or more pathologists based on the results of blinded ...
Somers Gino R - - 2006
The pathologic findings in autopsies of drowning victims are nonspecific and vary from case to case. However, most reported pathologic series of drowning cases exclude children and do not take into consideration the unique circumstances surrounding bathtub drownings. In addition, the effect of resuscitation on the autopsy findings has not ...
Josephs K A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between early clinical features, pathologies, and biochemistry of the frontotemporal lobar degenerations (FTLDs), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). METHODS: The authors conducted pathologic reexamination with the most recent immunohistochemistry of all cases diagnosed with FTLD, PSP, and CBD between 1970 and 2004. ...
Doig T - - 2006
Infracolic omentectomy should be performed on all patients as part of the surgical management of suspected ovarian neoplasia to allow accurate pathologic staging. Unlike the primary ovarian lesion, no guidelines exist as to how the pathologist should sample the omentum. We retrospectively examined pathology reports from 692 cases of primary ...
Kleinschmidt-Demasters B K - - 2006
In this review, we emphasize neuropathologic and neurobehavioral aspects of central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis (CPM/EPM), also known as the osmotic demyelination syndrome. The literature is reviewed from the time of the initial report in 1959 and from key developments that have occurred more recently. Particular consideration is given to ...
Beckwith Bruce A - - 2006
Electronic medical records, including pathology reports, are often used for research purposes. Currently, there are few programs freely available to remove identifiers while leaving the remainder of the pathology report text intact. Our goal was to produce an open source, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) compliant, deidentification tool ...
Knibb Jonathan A JA University of Cambridge, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK. - - 2006
The clinical and neuropathological categorization of patients presenting with progressive aphasia is an area of controversy. This study aimed to characterize a large group of progressive aphasic patients from a single center (n = 38), first clinically by case note review, and then pathologically. Hierarchical cluster analysis of the cases ...
Paviour Dominic C - - 2005
Sphincter electromyography (spEMG) is often used as an ancillary test when multiple system atrophy (MSA) is suspected. Our aim was to determine the clinical features associated with spEMG being performed, the influence of the result on the final clinical diagnosis, and its utility as a clinical investigation. A retrospective audit ...
Guarner Jeannette - - 2006
From October to November 2001, the inhalational and cutaneous anthrax cases that occurred in the U.S. underscored the importance of recognizing the clinical and pathological features of infectious agents that can be used in acts of terrorism. Early confirmation of bio-terrorist acts can only be performed by making organism-specific diagnosis ...
Chu Yen Chang - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a case with a gouty tophus at the medial canthus. DESIGN: Observational case report. METHODS: Review of the clinical, laboratory, photographic, and pathologic records of a patient with a gouty tophus at the medial canthus. RESULTS: A 27-year-old man had a 3-year history of gouty arthritis and ...
Zani Augusto - - 2005
Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder is considered an acquired pathologic condition that affects adults, with only 2 cases previously described in childhood. We report on a 5-year-old boy with incidental detection of this lesion by ultrasonography. Pathologic and clinical assessments are discussed in addition to treatment decision-making, including current insights into ...
Larner Andrew J - - 2006
Two cases of clinically diagnosed sporadic Alzheimer's disease with early and prominent behavioural features (social disinhibition, emotional blunting, stereotyped verbal utterances) sufficient to prompt an initial diagnosis of frontotemporal dementia are presented. It is suggested that the term "frontal variant AD" be used for this clinically defined phenotype, which has ...
Josephs K A - - 2005
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a clinicopathological entity typically presenting as an akinetic rigid syndrome with early falls, axial rigidity, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy and levodopa resistance. Pathological features consist of tau deposition in neuronal and glial cells located mainly in subcortical and brainstem structures. Rare cases with the pathological ...
Wilcox Gilbert M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical and pathologic findings in patients noted to develop lower gastrointestinal symptoms when exposed to rofecoxib. METHODS: Case reports and associated biopsy findings. RESULTS: Three patients who developed symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during rofecoxib exposure are described along with pathology findings. Two episodes were incident ...
Brauchli Kurt - - 2005
An early, point-to-point telepathology system at the University of Basel developed into an open-source, Internet-based platform for telemedicine in 2001. The Internet Pathology Suite (iPath) is a Web-based telepathology platform that permits the online presentation and discussion of cases within user groups. It also allows realtime telemicroscopy across firewalls. After ...
Milingos S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We conducted this prospective study to evaluate saline contrast hysterosonography (SCHS) as a diagnostic modality for intrauterine lesions in comparison to hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 135 patients, of whom 70 presented with abnormal uterine bleeding and 65 with subfertility problems. All cases were examined ...
Yonemura Shigenori - - 2004
Tuberculids of the penis are extremely rare. The clinical features of tuberculids of the penis have been reported as ulceration or scars. We have experienced a case of tuberculid of the penis that appeared as a scab on nodule. A 56-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of a painless ...
Scolyer Richard A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Combined naevi are characterised pathologically by the presence of two or more different types of melanocytic naevi in a single lesion. They are prone to clinical and pathological misdiagnosis as melanoma. Misdiagnosis may result in inappropriate treatment, patient anxiety and medicolegal consequences. AIMS: With the aim of reducing the ...
De Santis A - - 2004
AIM: The evident rise in the number of neurosurgical malpractice and the apparent lack of adequate training in neurosurgery patient management are discussed. However, alongside neurosurgeons, neurosurgical malpractice claims involve also physicians from primary to specialist care, particularly those attending neurosurgical patients in emergency rooms. Some pathologies and disputed treatments ...
Riekse Robert G RG Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2004
To investigate whether clinical and neuropathological differences exist between Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases with and without vascular lesions neuropathologically diagnosed using Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) criteria. Descriptive observational study. A community-based registry that identified incident dementia cases. Of the 124 subjects with available clinical and ...
Troxel David B - - 2004
A total of 272 surgical pathology claims reported to The Doctors Company from 1998 through 2003 were reviewed. They were analyzed and repetitive patterns involving both specimen type and category of diagnostic error were identified. These patterns were then compared with those uncovered in a prior review of 218 surgical ...
Qureshi Ishtiaq Ahmed - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To find the accuracy of sonographic information provided by transvaginal sonography (TVS) in pelvic pathology as compared to transabdominal sonography (TAS). DESIGN: A comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was carried out in Military Hospital (MH) and Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Rawalpindi from January 2002 to ...
Lopez-Beltran Antonio - - 2004
Pathologists play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and in the report of the pathological features related to prognosis. To meet these endpoints, the following issues must be addressed: adequate information about the patient history, proper handling of the specimens, identification of the reliable histopathological techniques necessary to reach the ...
Ozçakar Levent - - 2004
Until recently, gluteus medius tendon tears have been the sort of hip pathology that is relatively unknown in the realm of rheumatology. Their diagnosis can pose a serious challenge to physicians, despite diligence. In this report we summarize two relevant cases and put forward some hints for their evaluation. Magnetic ...
Dabbs David J - - 2004
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedure provides an alternative method for assessing the axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer. The SLN is typically subjected to a focused pathologic examination involving the examination of multiple tissue levels and/or keratin immunohistology. The number of SLNs submitted may vary widely, in ...
Trucco M - - 2004
We present a review of 22 cases of headache mimicking chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) (17 female and five male; F : M ratio 3.4), nine cases mimicking hemicrania continua (HC) (seven female and two male) and seven cases mimicking SUNCT syndrome (five male and two female) found in association with ...
Reed Bruce R - - 2004
Studies reporting that ischemic vascular dementia (IVD), compared to Alzheimer's disease (AD), is associated with relatively greater impairment of executive function and relatively preserved episodic memory raise the question of whether there is a distinctive neuropsychological profile of impairment associated with IVD and whether this might be useful in clinical ...
Kanthan R - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to characterize the spectrum of esophageal pathology at a provincial tertiary care hospital and to evaluate these findings with their respective endoscopic diagnoses. The pathology slides of 183 esophageal biopsies for the year 2000 were reviewed and classified as esophagitis, intestinal metaplasia, low or ...
Josephs Keith A - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of ubiquitin-positive inclusions (UPI) in dementia lacking distinctive histology (DLDH), and their relationship to other pathologic features, such as hippocampal sclerosis (HpScl), as well as genetic factors. Routine and immunohistochemical studies were carried out in a consecutive series of 29 ...
Casanova Manuel F - - 2003
This article examines the evidence for and against the existence of basal ganglia mineralization as a defined clinico-pathological entity. In reviewing the literature on basal ganglia mineralization, this article emphasizes evidence derived from different neuroimaging modalities, genetics, metabolic studies, postmortem series and their possible neuropsychiatric correlates. Relevant articles were collected ...
Lester Jason F - - 2003
The All Wales Lymphoma Panel (AWLP) was established in January 1998 to provide a central expert pathological review service for district general hospital pathologists. A discordance rate of 20% between the submitted and reviewed diagnosis has previously been identified. It has not been known whether this change in diagnosis affects ...
Palonta Francesca - - 2003
A rare case of cervicofacial actinomycosis arising primarily in the masseter muscle is described. The patient was a healthy 74-year-old woman who was not immunocompromised and had no other primary pathological finding in the oral cavity. The importance of the differential diagnosis for this unusual infection is demonstrated with tumoral ...
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