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Results 351 - 400 of 418
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Ponchietti R - - 1986
Testicular maldescent adversely affects spermatogenesis, therefore the primary purpose of its correction is to preserve subsequent fertility. However, many patients, even with unilateral cryptorchidism, are infertile in spite of successful prepubertal orchidopexy. Out of our 104 patients treated for unilateral cryptorchidism before puberty, a decreased sperm density (spermatic concentration less ...
Haas G P - - 1986
We report a case of clinically evident and histologically proved sarcoidosis of the testicle. Six cases have been reported in the literature. This condition is present most commonly in black patients. Sarcoidosis is known to be associated with malignancy and several cases of coexistent testicular cancer have been reported in ...
Worthy L - - 1986
The significance and incidence of skin thickness, hydroceles, and epididymal size were evaluated in cases of testicular neoplasm. Skin thickness is unreliable and should not be used to differentiate pathological conditions without standardizing technique. Small hydroceles are common in scrotal neoplasms. Epididymal enlargement was seen in many cases of testicular ...
Alessi D M - - 1986
Routine use of nasogastric tubes in major surgery is associated with unwarranted risks of aspiration through at least three mechanisms: hypersalivation--allowing pooling of secretions in the hypopharynx, a depressed cough reflex, which is often associated with nasogastric intubation, and various laryngeal and pharyngeal abnormalities that are frequently caused by nasogastric ...
Maeda O - - 1986
A rare case of a thrombus in the inferior vena cava (IVC) after retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for a testicular tumor is reported. A computed tomograph performed after the operation incidentally showed a filling defect in the IVC. However, it was impossible to decide whether the defect was due to an ordinary ...
Kuntze J R - - 1985
We report 2 cases of testicular torsion after orchiopexy, which is rare but potentially catastrophic. A review of the literature revealed that absorbable suture was used in 15 of 16 cases of recurrent torsion. We conclude that the tunica albuginea should be secured to the scrotal wall with several nonabsorbable ...
Miller K S - - 1985
Enteral tube feeding is an attractive alternative to intravenous alimentation for nutritional support. As previously used nasogastric tubes have been replaced with narrow-bore nasogastric tubes, the spectrum of complications seen with these devices has changed. We report a previously undescribed event associated with narrow-bore nasogastric tube feeding, review the literature, ...
Kellie S J - - 1985
We describe, in a young boy, a case of neuroblastoma presenting only as a painless unilateral testicular mass. Clinical and laboratory evidence of disseminated neuroblastoma was first apparent nine months after high orchiectomy. As far as we are aware this is the only reported instance of testicular neuroblastoma in the ...
Beasley S W - - 1985
Crossed testicular ectopia is a rare condition which usually presents as a hernia on the side of a fully descended testis and an impalpable testis on the contralateral side. At operation two testes are found on the side of the hernia. A case of crossed testicular ectopia where both testes ...
Pundaleeka S K - - 1985
Torsion of a wandering spleen is rare, usually presenting as an acute abdomen and commonly misdiagnosed. In our case, a 14-year-old girl was diagnosed preoperatively as having a twisted hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. On laparotomy, an infarcted spleen that was twisted on its pedicle was found in the lower abdomen. The ...
Mendel J B - - 1985
Seventy-five patients with suspected testicular torsion who had scintiscans and adequate clinical follow-up were analyzed retrospectively. The scintiscans diagnosed 12/13 cases of surgically proven missed torsion and 3/3 cases of surgically proven acute complete torsion. The scintiscans successfully distinguished all 35 cases of epididymo-orchitis, 14 cases of torsion of the ...
Shioshvili T I - - 1985
5 patients with bilateral abdominal cryptorchidism are reported. Orthotopic autotransplantation of the right testis was performed in 4 cases and both testes in 1 case. Testicular vessels were anastomosed end-to-end with the inferior epigastric vessels. The ischemic testes were cooled to 20 degrees C. The vas was mobilized intact. We ...
Kullendorff C M - - 1985
In a prospective study during 1981-1983 42 boys aged 3-12 (mean 6.5) years were operated on for a palpable undescended testis. Twelve boys 3-8 (mean 4) years old were operated on for an unpalpable testis and 2 boys for an ectopic testis. The day before operation an ultrasound examination was ...
Tiltman A J - - 1984
Six cases of massive oedema of the ovary are presented. This is an uncommon condition occurring in young women, and is thought to result from periodic torsion. The patients most commonly present with lower abdominal pain, but there may be endocrine effects which are probably related to luteinization of stromal ...
Elsaharty S - - 1984
Torsion of the testis is a common urological emergency. Blunt scrotal trauma also may precipitate an emergency. We recently treated 2 adolescent boys in whom blunt scrotal trauma induced testicular torsion. A retrospective review of the charts of 138 patients explored for acute scrotal pain at our hospital revealed a ...
Grossman T W - - 1984
The use of a new narrow bore nasogastric feeding tube with stylet has resulted in two cases of misplacement with traumatic laceration of the visceral pleura. Diagnoses were made by chest x-ray film, one case immediately and the other 24 hours later. In both cases, the narrow bore tube was ...
Dunnihoo D R - - 1984
The 15th case of bilateral adnexal torsion, or the fifth case in which the bilateral adnexal torsion did not occur simultaneously, is presented. A review of the cases reported in the world literature reveals that fever (82%), nausea and/or vomiting (73%), and abdominal pain (93%) were the most common symptoms. ...
Feins N R - - 1983
There is little agreement as to the performance of an exploration and orchiopexy on the asymptomatic side when the neonate is found to have unilateral extravaginal torsion of the testis. If extravaginal torsion does not present bilaterally, many surgeons feel that the uninvolved testis is not at risk. Extravaginal torsion ...
Warhol M - - 1983
This is a report of a metastasis of a pure seminoma to the ileum after a 17-year latent period. The patient had a previous history of stage I testicular seminoma treated with primary orchiectomy and radiotherapy. He presented clinically with ileocolic intussuseption caused by a solitary metastasis in the terminal ...
Doraiswamy N V - - 1983
A case of crossed ectopic testis is reported. On reviewing the literature according to the definition of the condition only 30 cases can be accepted as authentic cases. Analysing the clinical and other investigations, it is suggested that this is a local phenomenon without any endocrinal derangement, due to a ...
Okafor B C - - 1983
The literature relating to fractured tracheostomy tubes is reviewed and a further case reported. The factors which are known to predispose to this accident include the materials used in the manufacture of the tracheostomy tube and the actual manufacturing processes. Others are the chemical processes which result from the prolonged ...
Cos L R - - 1983
We report 2 cases of torsion of scrotal malignant tumors of the testis. A review of the literature disclosed several instances of torsion of intra-abdominal testicles with malignant tumors and only 1 case of a scrotal testis. The association of torsion and tumor in these cases may represent 2 manifestations ...
Tada T - - 1983
Peliosis of the spleen was found in 10 out of 1,200 cases autopsied from 1977 through 1980 in our laboratory. Eight such cases had no peliosis of the liver. Histologically, it was noticed that the parafollicular areas were the most common sites of the lesions, and this feature seemed to ...
Rifkin M D - - 1983
Polyorchidism, or multiple testes, is a rare condition that has been referred to in both medical literature and mythological folklore. Curious attributes have been ascribed to men with this condition, including supposed increased sexual prowess and virility. In the medical literature, the examples of supernumerary testicles have demonstrated only one ...
Danner C - - 1983
Semicastration in cryptorchidism of adults is the preferential therapy. A positive effect on fertility is usually to be expected. An aggravation did not occur in any case. If for any reason, in cases of cryptorchidism or especially if only one testis is present orchidopexy is carried out, there should be ...
Lau W Y - - 1982
Three cases of torsion of the gall bladder in the aged are presented. From a review of the clinical features of these cases and the cases reported in the literature, a definite clinical pattern emerged. The clinical features can be grouped into three triads: a triad of the patient's characteristics ...
Hildebrand W L - - 1982
Endotracheal intubation in the newborn may be a lifesaving procedure, a especially in cases of meconium aspiration and congenital diaphragmatic hernia. All equipment for performing intubation should be available in the delivery area. The most common and potentially serious error is leaving the endotracheal tube in the wrong position. Auscultation ...
Pfitzer P - - 1982
Flow cytometry of testicular tissue from autopsies showed differences in the proportion of substained spermatozoa (1 CA), spermatids (1 CB), diploid 2C nuclei and premeiotic spermatozoa in the 4 C class. The evaluation of the histograms was performed with computer assistance. Healthy accident cases or those delivered in forensic medicine ...
Stringel G - - 1982
Torsion of the wandering spleen is a rare condition usually unsuspected preoperatively. In previously reported cases in the past, attempts at splenopexy have failed and splenectomy has been regarded as the treatment of choice. We are presenting two children with splenic torsion. In one complete infarction of the spleen had ...
Teplick J G - - 1982
On computed tomographic scans of the upper abdomen the interface sign can help distinguish pleural and intra-abdominal fluid readily and accurately. A hazy interface between the fluid and liver or spleen is characteristic of pleural fluid. A sharp interface is characteristic of ascites. The interface sign has proved to be ...
Cos L R - - 1982
Testicular torsion represents an urgent surgical problem, whereas it is usual to treat testicular trauma conservatively initially. Direct trauma to the testis has been suggested and occasionally reported to be associated with torsion of the testis. We herein report three cases of testicular torsion secondary to direct trauma. Review of ...
Yamaguchi T - - 1982
Seventy-seven children (147 ears) with secretory otitis media (S.O.M.) were surgically treated by myringotomy with aspiration, insertion of ventilating tubes, and adenoidectomy, if indicated. The results of treatment for S.O.M. were analyzed according to the degree of mastoid pneumatization and complications with or without ipsilateral sinusitis. The present study was ...
Barnett S M - - 1981
An additional case of wandering spleen is reported. A brief review of the etiology of this entity, as well as various findings obtained with nuclear imaging of the spleen, is presented. The authors discuss the relevance of repeated spleen scans to the clinical decision making process. Particular significance is paid ...
Peer E - - 1981
Bilateral adnexal agenesis (both ovaries and tubes) is not a common finding. Ectopic ovaries are also very rare. A report of the combination of the two, as far as we know, has never been published. Such a case is presented here with its endocrinological evaluation. The literature concerning these entities ...
Oddi M A - - 1981
A case is presented of clockwise torsion of the entire left lung on its bronchovascular pedicle during intraoperative manipulations for a nonpulmonary procedure. The grave consequences are presented as well as a discussion of the mechanism of injury and a review of the pertinent literature. To our knowledge, this is ...
Giacomantonio M - - 1981
Torsion of the testicle in the neonate is uncommon. Only nine cases were seen in a 10-year period at the Izaak Walton Killam Hospital for Sick Children in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The authors describe briefly five of their cases to exemplify the features of and problems associated with this condition. ...
Rothman C P - - 1980
A man with a left varicocele and the physical finding of deep and superficial scrotal varicosities is described. The recurrence of these veins after high retroperitoneal ligation was the first indication of recollateralization. A review of the early literature reveals that varicocele refers to the varices of the scrotum and ...
McClure J - - 1980
The chance finding of two cases of undiagnosed malakoplakia in the files of the Department of Pathology, Queen's University Belfast prompted a systematic study of all cases of inflammatory testicular and epididymal disease diagnosed in that department during a 43-year period from 1934 to 1977. A total of 71 cases ...
Moravec W D - - 1980
Although uterine adnexal torsion is a rare phenomenon and an infrequent diagnosis, there have been several reported cases. Two cases that occurred in our practice in the past year are presented to illustrate the acute and chronic phases of the disease. This paper discusses the intrinsic and extrinsic concepts of ...
Jung A L - - 1980
Torsion has been observed in only 50 per cent of the reported cases of neonatal testicular infarction. We report a neonate in whom polycythemia and unilateral testicular infarction were present at birth. Although cause and effect are discussed additional reports are needed to confirm whether in utero testicular infarction was ...
Belker A M - - 1980
Reports of microsurgical testicular autotransplantation as a method of dealing with the high undescended testis have prompted this review. Results with various methods are compared. The increasing success being reported with division of the internal spermatic vessels (when certain principles as enumerated herein are followed) leads to the conclusion that ...
MacMahon R A - - 1980
This study indicates that where facilities are available, the use of autotransplantation of the intraabdominal testis with microsurgical anastomosis to vessels of the groin is an acceptable, and possibly the best, alternative to orchidectomy for the intraabdominal testis. It is certainly justifiable in the case of the bilateral intraabdominal testis ...
Whipple R D - - 1979
Torsion of the gallbladder is an uncommon process that is usually found at the time of exploration for an acute surgical abdomen. It results from two congenital anomalies and may be complete or partial. It should be considered in the etiology of what appears to be acute cholecystitis in the ...
Horwitz R C - - 1979
The hysterosalpingograms of 98 patients with infertility were reviewed with reference to technical problems, radiological features of each pathology and accuracy of reporting. Findings were confirmed by review of the reports of laparotomy or laparoscopy on all patients. Of the total number of fallopian tubes investigated (196), 70 hydrosalpinges were ...
Suseelan A V - - 1979
A case of idiopathic granulomatous orchitis in a 37-year-old Nigerian male is discussed. He presented with a history of pain and swelling of left testis of three weeks duration. A clinical impression of tumor of the testis was made followed by orchidectomy. A systemic review failed to show evidence of ...
Iuchtman M - - 1979
A Doppler flowmeter was used to evaluate an acute scrotum in 23 children. A diminished or absent flow was noted in cases of torsion of the testis. Orchitis, epididymitis and torsion of the testicular appendix were accompanied with an increased blood flow. Inflammatory and ischemic lesions could be detected and ...
Shafik A - - 1979
Absent scrotal ligament or the aligamentous testicle is a clinicopathologic entity which plays an important role in the genesis of male infertility. Twenty-four cases of aligamentous testicle, collected from 300 idiopathic infertile subjects, were studied. Clinical, endocrine, semen, and testicular biopsies were performed. The criteria of diagnosis of the aligamentous ...
Rivera H - - 1979
A 5 10/12 year-old boy with a 47,XYY karyotype, micropenis, scrotal hypospadias and right testicular regression is described. Normal for age basal plasma testosterone levels which increased after hCG stimulation were interpreted as an adequate response of the left testicular Leydig cells. The review of similar cases did not permit ...
Mowad J J - - 1978
Torsion of an undescended testis is uncommon. When encountered, this entity represents a surgical emergency and must be dealt with immediately. A report of 2 cases, one in a five-month-old child and the other in a twelve-year-old mentally retarded child, is made and the pertinent literature is reviewed.
Warden S - - 1978
A case of bilateral testicular rupture after blunt trauma is presented. It is unusual in that the patient presented with a unilateral retractile testis with pain. The contralateral testis was asymptomatic but was found to be ruptured at exploration. The objectives of preservation of testicular function and prevention of misdiagnosis ...
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