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Results 301 - 350 of 419
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Wong P S - - 1992
Pulmonary torsion is a rare but life-threatening complication of thoracic operations and trauma. A questionnaire was sent to 140 thoracic surgeons in the United Kingdom to examine its incidence, particularly torsion of the middle lobe after right upper lobectomy. The answers from 117 thoracic surgeons (84%) were collected and analyzed. ...
Benge B N - - 1992
A case of acute bilateral testicular torsion in the adolescent is reported. This case reaffirms the need to perform bilateral scrotal exploration in cases of suspected torsion. Although it represents an extreme rarity, delay in exploration may have resulted in bilateral orchiectomy. The case also appears to be another example ...
Meyer J M - - 1992
Ultrastructural examination of testicular biopsies from cases of maturation arrest showed that there were characteristic abnormalities of the Sertoli cell junctional connections. These abnormalities together with the meiotic failure afford an explanation for the severe oligospermia or azoospermia noted in patients with maturation arrest. Premature setting up of ectoplasmic specializations ...
Persellin S T - - 1992
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) frequently affects the testis and epididymis. We describe a 29-year-old man with isolated PAN of the testis and review reported cases of isolated PAN of the testis or epididymis. Our patient underwent orchiectomy and at followup 17 months later was without evidence of recurrence or development of ...
Rodkey M L - - 1992
Wandering spleen is a rare diagnosis, especially in the pediatric population. We reviewed the English literature from 1900 through April 1991 for all cases of wandering spleen in patients from birth through age 10. There are 50 case reports prior to the one presented here. The goals of this article ...
Ketzler J T - - 1992
An unusual but serious case in which the endotracheal tube was severed during LeFort osteotomy is presented. The aspects of the surgery that can create this problem are reviewed. Past literature is reviewed, and various procedures for the management of this problem, including the plan followed in this case, are ...
Brandt M T - - 1992
To assess our experience with in utero testicular torsion, we retrospectively studied all newborns presenting in the newborn nursery with a diagnosis of neonatal testicular torsion. A total of 25 consecutive cases of torsion of the spermatic cord in 23 patients was identified and explored on an emergency basis. To ...
Aoki Y - - 1991
A case with primary torsion of the greater omentum is reported. This pathological condition is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal emergency and it is very difficult even for general surgeons to differentiate this from other acute abdomen. The etiology remains unknown and the treatment of choice is resection of ...
Nihei Z - - 1991
A case of omental torsion seen in a 16 year old male is reported herein. Abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant suddenly developed just after the patient twisted his waist and an emergency laparotomy revealed a hemorrhagic mass at the edge of the right omentum, which was excised. Histological ...
Shalev E - - 1991
A case of adnexal torsion in premenarchal child is presented. Prompt diagnosis was made with the use of pelvic ultrasound and laparoscopy. The later was used for establishing the diagnosis and furthermore for untwisting the adnexa. We suggest that laparoscopy should precede laparotomy and that conservative detorsion should be done ...
Wendell G D - - 1991
Small-bore Silastic feeding tubes are being used with increasing frequency for short- and long-term enteral hyperalimentation. We present three cases where these flexible tubes were passed into the tracheobronchial tree and then out into the pleural space. The result in each case was a pneumothorax or hydropneumothorax. These cases were ...
Thum G - - 1991
Polyorchidism is a rare anomaly with approximately 70 cases reported in the literature. It may result from transverse division of the urogenital ridge, a hypothesis that best explains the anatomical features of the supernumerary testicle. The primary accompanying disorders and anomalies include maldescended testis, inguinal hernia and torsion. Malignancy has ...
Stanish P J - - 1991
Uterine adnexal torsion is a surgical condition that requires prompt diagnosis and intervention. An ultrasound examination demonstrating a unilaterally enlarged, hypoechoic ovary with several small spherical, peripherally located sonolucent structures in the involved ovary, in addition to a history and physical consistent with torsion, confirms the need for surgical intervention. ...
Lachman M - - 1991
The case of recidivous sexual offender with genetically caused mental retardation and primary hypogonadism (Klinefelter's syndrome with karyotype 48, XXXY) is described. He was examined after sadistic abuse of a boy aged 13 that he had committed 19 years after performed testicular pulpectomy. Plasmatic level of testosterone was found 4x ...
Duchek M - - 1991
Testicular pain both acute and chronic is quite common and may result from many different diseases located both in and outside of the testis. Diffuse testicular microlithiasis is a rarely encountered problem in urology and up to now a unique sonographic appearance. We here report a case with combination of ...
Liu S - - 1991
Acute bilateral scrotal swelling of the neonate may be caused by a variety of conditions. Bilateral torsion of the testes is an uncommon but important cause of such swelling and must be suspected in all cases. A case of delayed complication of untreated bilateral testicular torsion in the newborn presenting ...
Salisz J A - - 1990
A subfertile male with a history of left cryptorchism underwent scrotal ultrasound that revealed stippled calcifications, without associated mass, in the right testicle. Six months later, while on a regimen of clomiphene citrate, a testicular tumor became palpable. This was sonographically confirmed to be surrounding the calcifications. Testicular calcifications are ...
Nistal M - - 1990
Two cases of testicular lymphangiectasis are reported, occurring in stillborns. The disease is a congenital malformation consisting of an abnormal expansive development of lymphatic vessels in both testes. Autopsy study revealed the absence of pulmonary, intestinal or systemic lymphangiectasis. The testes showed normal tubular development with normal germ cell numbers ...
Thomas J O - - 1990
Testicular biopsies available in the records of the Pathology Department of the University College Hospital, Ibadan were reviewed to determine the histological pattern of primary testicular failure in this environment. Of the available biopsies, 152 were found to be adequate for study. Fifty-eight cases (38.2%) had normal spermatogenetic activity. Thirty-four ...
Randell T - - 1990
Two reports concerning difficulties at insertion of a minitracheostomy cannula are presented. In one patient, a minitracheostomy tube perforated the posterior wall of the trachea, resulting in pneumomediastinum. In another patient, conventional signs, i.e. airflow and passing of a suction catheter through the cannula, were misleading in assessing the position ...
Seashore J H - - 1990
The diagnosis of wandering spleen is usually made at the time of operation owing to symptoms caused by torsion of the spleen. Splenectomy has been performed in almost all of the reported cases. A 6-year-old girl presented with intermittent abdominal pain and a mobile abdominal mass. The diagnosis of wandering ...
Choen S - - 1990
Four cases of primary torsion of the greater omentum are reported. The most common clinical picture in this condition mimics acute appendicitis. Primary torsion with spontaneous derotation of the greater omentum may be an important cause of right iliac fossa pain of obscure origin. Scrutiny of the omentum during negative ...
Camac A - - 1990
We describe a patient with the development of paroxysmal kinesigenic dystonic choreoathetosis (PKDC) after a thalamic infarct. PKDC consists of brief episodes of dystonia or choreoathetosis triggered by movement. PKDC improves with anticonvulsants, and in some cases, with L-Dopa or anticholinergics. We review PKDC, and relate its salient features to ...
Majid A A - - 1989
This report raises the question of the long term durability of tracheostomy tubes and describes a patient who inhaled part of a silver tracheostomy tube after it fractured. A review of the literature is presented, which compares the clinical presentations and methods of management described in previous reports. From this ...
Alden P B - - 1989
Torsion or volvulus of the gallbladder is a rare cause of acute cholecystitis. Although it has been reported in all age groups, it is most commonly seen in the elderly. With our increasingly aged population, it behooves the clinician to keep this entity in mind when treating the older patient ...
Jones K M - - 1989
Airway patency following repair for choanal atresia is effectively maintained utilizing Argyle polyethylene chest tubes as stents. Retrograde placement of the tubes from the mouth into the nasal passage is accomplished so that once secured, the largest diameter of the tubes is wedged against the posterior portion of the nasal ...
Mage G - - 1989
Laparoscopic management was used for 35 cases of adnexal torsion. Since early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to preserve the adnexa, laparoscopy is the best procedure for diagnosing this rare condition. In 27 cases (77%) conservative treatment was carried out, with only 1 recurrence. Complete laparoscopic treatment was achieved in ...
Slinger P D - - 1989
This article has attempted to familiarize the anesthesiologist with the bronchoscopic appearance of normally and abnormally positioned double-lumen endobronchial tubes. Double-lumen tubes are being used in an increasing proportion of thoracic surgical cases in major centers. Double-lumen tubes are also being used more frequently in intensive care units for independent ...
Avitable A M - - 1989
The case of a sixty-five-year-old man with multiple myeloma and a testicular plasmacytoma is described. This represents the thirty fourth reported case of testicular plasmacytoma and the first in which immunoperoxidase histochemistry has been used to demonstrate that the testicular plasma cells contain immunoglobulin of the same isotype as the ...
Afework S - - 1989
Four cases of testicular feminization syndrome in Ethiopian patients are described. All four patients had normal female breasts, scanty pubic and axillary hair and absent internal genital organs. Three had bilateral inguinal or labial masses. The main features of their clinical presentation and histological studies are briefly discussed with a ...
Blickstein I - - 1989
A report of haemorrhagic necrosis of the tubal fimbriae in a prepubertal girl is presented. The presumptive aetiology for this is the isolated torsion of the fimbrial end which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously described. A high index of suspicion of torsion and early intervention ...
Sung H M - - 1989
A case is reported of a tracheal tear developing during laryngopharyngectomy and transhiatal oesophagectomy. Ventilation and oxygenation were managed by removing the tracheostomy tube and advancing a straight cuffed armoured tube via the tracheostomy into one main stem bronchus and applying CPAP to the other bronchus via a Foley catheter. ...
Lang S - - 1989
We describe a case of nasotracheal tube fixation with a screw. A second case is described in which a broken drill bit was found to impinge on the wall but not penetrate into the lumen of a nasotracheal tube. Possible sequelae of this complication include airway leak, aspiration, tube obstruction, ...
Simon L C - - 1989
The clinical features and pathology of four cases of torsion of the spermatic cord treated at Holberton Hospital between December 1987 and January 1988 were reviewed. The lack of prompt clinical diagnosis delayed therapy in all cases, resulting in orchidectomy. The findings re-emphasize the need for early diagnosis and surgical ...
Ladefoged C - - 1988
We describe three cases of xanthogranulomatous inflammation in the female genital tract--one affecting endometrium, tube and ovary, one affecting tube, ovary and parametrium and one confined to the endometrium. To date, xanthogranulomatous inflammation in the female genital tract has been reported in a total of 19 cases including the present ...
Yonemitsu N - - 1988
Malignant testicular tumors occurring in non-twin brothers are reported. Both of the brothers suffered from amentia and epilepsy and were the product of a consanguineous marriage. One brother presented with teratocarcinoma and the other seminoma. With a review of the literature, genetic roles in the etiology of testicular neoplasia are ...
Biglino A - - 1988
The first case of association between Leydig cell testicular tumor and sarcoidosis is reported. From a review of the literature, this is the ninth case of association between a testicular tumor and Besnier's disease. Lung biopsy should always be performed in patients with testicular cancer when retroperitoneal lymph node involvement ...
Xu Y M - - 1988
To our knowledge there has been no report to date of successful testis replantation after complete traumatic severance of the funiculus within the scrotum. We report a case in which both funiculi were cut completely (one of which was severed 0.8 cm. proximal to the upper pole of the testis, ...
Becker H - - 1988
As family physicians, we are often asked to prepare medico-legal reports on behalf of our patients who have sustained personal injuries. Cervical myofascial injuries sustained in motor vehicle accidents are by far the most common of all injuries seen in this setting. An awareness of the problem of cervical whiplash ...
Steele R D - - 1988
An unusual case of an acute abdomen due to a torted wandering spleen in the pelvis is presented. As is usual for the few cases reported, the diagnosis was unsuspected pre-operatively. The treatment is splenectomy and a quick and complete recovery followed this. Literature on the subject is reviewed.
Arai Y - - 1988
We report a case of retroperitoneal seminoma with simultaneous occurrence in the prostate. The testes were normal on physical and ultrasound examination. In this case a multicentric occurrence of seminoma was considered rather than metastasis from the retroperitoneum to the prostate. Systemic chemotherapy with vincristine, peplomycin and cisplatin was effective ...
Gaskill S J - - 1988
A case of diastematomyelia associated with ectopic renal tissue is presented. While findings of ectopic renal tissue and Wilms tumor in dysraphic conditions have been reported in the literature, there has been no incorporation of these findings into the theories of the development of neural tube defects. This case supports ...
Mares A J - - 1987
An antenatal detection of unilateral torsion of uterine adnexa was made by means of ultrasonography on the 32nd gestational week. This presented as an asymptomatic large "pseudo-cystic" mass, and was resected electively at the age of two weeks. A "fluid-fluid" level on ultrasonography is highly suggestive of this rare entity. ...
Schein M - - 1987
Acute lesions of the epiploic appendages are rare. We present 4 cases of torsion of an appendix epiploica. Aspects of this condition and its complications are discussed.
Frank J M - - 1987
This case illustrates a unique clinical presentation of primary systemic amyloidosis, namely, overwhelming pneumococcal sepsis. Although there exists a well-established association between hyposplenism and overwhelming bacterial infection, amyloid replacement of the spleen as a primary cause of the hyposplenism has not been reported. Functional hyposplenism in regard to the effect ...
Zarbo R - - 1987
The authors report two cases of adnexal torsion. The first case occurred in a 30-year old patient, while the latter was in a woman after induction of ovulation with FSH-LH and hCG. The patient, who had begun a pregnancy was treated with adnexectomy, and delivered at term a normal baby.
Morgan J A - - 1986
A case of testicular torsion one year after orchiopexy is presented. The occurrence of testicular torsion following surgery is a rare event which has the potential for diagnostic misadventures. To better delineate this condition, we performed a literature review of all reported cases of recurrent testicular torsion. Thirteen reported patients ...
Gatto V - - 1986
Only three cases of adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube in an adolescent have been reported previously in the literature, and we report the fourth such case. The main presenting symptom in those patients was lower abdominal pain. Type of therapy and outcome of these four cases is reviewed. The small ...
Hayes H M - - 1986
Data from 16 North American veterinary university teaching facilities, 5009 cryptorchid horses, were analysed using relative risk methodology. In five breeds (Thoroughbred, Standardbred, Morgan, Tennessee Walking horse and Arabian), cryptorchism was diagnosed significantly (P less than 0.05) less frequently than expected by their representation in the hospital population. Three breeds, ...
Vierhout M E - - 1986
The history is described of a patient with bilateral non-simultaneous torsion of the fallopian tubes occurring 10 yr after sterilization and with an interval of 1 yr. A review of the literature is presented which highlights the incidence, the clinical picture, the etiology, the prevention and the treatment of tubal ...
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