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Singla Sham Lal
Pediatric wandering spleen is a clinical rarity. Generally it remains asymptomatic, but may present as a painless migratory lump in the left hypochondrium. Rarely it may present as acute abdomen after undergoing torsion over its pedicle leading to infarction and gangrene. Available treatment options include splenectomy or splenopexy. Splenectomy at ...
Hundal R S - - 2006
Accessory lobes of the liver (ALL) may be congenital or acquired and are usually of no clinical significance. Torsions of the ALL are exceedingly rare and most are incidental findings at laparotomy, autopsy and in the course of investigation radiological investigations. A total of 17 infant and adult cases have ...
Duncan N D - - 2006
True hermaphroditism is a rare intersex disorder in which individuals possess both testicular and ovarian gonadal tissue. A case of true unilateral hermaphroditism presenting with ambiguous external genitalia, right scrotal testis and left pelvic ovotestis is herein outlined Phallic, gonadal and genetic factors were considered before male gender was assigned. ...
Kanemitsu Shinji - - 2006
We report on a case of postoperative lobar torsion in a 51-year-old woman following right upper lobectomy. A right middle lobar torsion was diagnosed by postoperative observation with chest X-ray and bronchofiberscopy. An emergency rethoracotomy was performed and a middle lobectomy was carried out. The postoperative course was uneventful and ...
Ando Satoshi - - 2006
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital anomaly. We report herein a case of splenogonadal fusion associated with contra lateral testicular aplasia, and review the etiology, pathogenesis and management of this rare disease. As far as we know, this is the first reported case of splenogonadal fusion associated with testicular aplasia.
Ben Ely A - - 2006
AIM: To report the CT features of wandering spleen, a rare condition which can be incidentally detected as an abdominal or pelvic mass or can present with torsion, causing an acute abdomen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CT studies of seven patients, two children and five adults, with wandering spleen were ...
Samnakay Naeem - - 2006
We describe a recent case of perinatal testicular torsion at our institution. The presentation, management and outcome of perinatal testicular torsion are quite different to testicular torsion in the general paediatric population. The literature describes a variety of management options for perinatal testicular torsion and these are briefly reviewed. In ...
Milliken I - - 2007
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital abnormality found in boys and girls. There is fusion of the developing splenic anlage and the gonadal mesoderm at approximately week 5 of intrauterine life. It commonly presents as a testicular mass treated with an unnecessary orchidectomy. We report two cases of the discontinuous ...
Tillett John W - - 2006
We report a case of acute scrotum in a 2-year-old child caused by torsion of an indirect hernia sac within a hydrocele. This is an extremely rare cause of acute scrotal swelling and pain in the pediatric population, with this case representing only the eighth instance reported in the literature. ...
Salani Ritu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Torsion of the gravid uterus is a rare obstetric complication in humans, but has been reported in association with malpresentation and with uterine leiomyomata. CASE: We report a case of uterine torsion diagnosed at emergency cesarean delivery after external cephalic version with prolonged fetal bradycardia. CONCLUSION: Physicians should be ...
Dozortsev Dmitri - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the injection of testicular spermatozoa results in more viable embryos (higher implantation rate) than injection of epididymal spermatozoa in cases of obstructive azoospermia. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 265 cases of testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) and percutaneous sperm aspiration (PESA), including 185 cases of obstructive azoospermia. SETTING: ...
To Henry - - 2007
Laparoscopy is an increasingly popular choice for treatment of the impalpable testis. There are many anatomical variants that may be found at operation. We present a case of a 1-year-old boy who presented with an impalpable right testis and absent right kidney, and at laparoscopy was found to have a ...
Karthigasu Krishnan A - - 2006
The device previously known as STOP, now called the Essure pbc device, is a dynamic expanding microinsert, placed in the proximal section of the fallopian tube, occluding the tube. Initial reports about the device are promising with occlusion of the tubes in 100% with no reported pregnancies and a high ...
Prasad T R Sai - - 2006
We report an unusual case of acute abdomen due to axial torsion and infarction of a Meckel's diverticulum in a 13-year-old boy and illustrate the versatility of laparoscopy in the diagnosis and management of acute surgical abdomen in children. We believe that this is only the third case reported in ...
Rajendram R - - 2006
Although tracheostomy tube displacement is uncommon, the management is often difficult and the associated mortality is high. It is important to ensure that the airway is secure and then either replace or reposition the tracheostomy tube. This case report describes the use of an Aintree intubation catheter (C-CAE-19.0-56-AIC, William Cook ...
Bleul U - - 2007
This case report describes a three-year-old Friesian stallion with hypospadias. Physical examination revealed a ventrocaudal deviation of the shaft of the penis and an incomplete glans penis. The urethral opening was 4 cm in length, slit-like and had a mucous membrane covering. A short fold ran from the ventral aspect ...
Paul Zbar Andrew - - 2006
In environments where endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatogram (ERCP) services may at time be limited or unavailable, the surgeon must also decide between the insertion of a conventional T-tube or primary choledochorrhaphy when it is operatively perceived that the common bile duct (CBD) has been adequately cleared. Where the hospital stay of ...
Kusuma V - - 2006
Malacoplakia is one of the rare, chronic inflammatory disorders affecting the epididymis and testis. Diagnosis of the same is important as the treatment differs from the other granulomatous lesions in this area. We present a case of malacoplakia involving both the epididymis and testis with a brief review of literature.
Bazi Tony - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report on a patient with Müllerian agenesis (MA) and inguinal ovaries and to review the pertinent literature. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Clinical. PATIENT(S): A 12-year-old girl. INTERVENTION(S): Magnetic resonance imaging, review of prior ovarian biopsies, karyotyping. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Accuracy of diagnosis and preservation of ...
Pérez-Marín C C - - 2006
We report the case of a bilateral and multilocular spermatocele and sperm granuloma in a dog that was vasectomized 5 years before. Clinical examination revealed scrotal dermatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Orchiectomy was performed, and gross and histological examination showed testicular degeneration associated with epididymal sperm granuloma. In relation to ...
Rakha E - - 2006
Torsion of the testicular appendix is the commonest cause of acute scrotum in children. The histological picture of these cases is variable and many show a heavy acute inflammatory cell infiltrate, unlike the response to pure ischaemic necrosis in other organs. The clinical implications and consequences of this associated inflammation ...
Sozen Ibrahim - - 2006
The combined torsion of both the ovary and the fallopian tube in the pediatric population has been a rarely encountered pathology. Although detorsion of the twisted adnexa is an option, most torsion cases reported in the pediatric literature have undergone adnexectomy as the primary treatment modality. We believe that, in ...
Kaddoum Roland N - - 2006
We describe two cases of flash fires in the oropharynx, secondary to electrocautery during adenotonsillectomies. We believe that in both cases, the leak around the uncuffed endotracheal tubes raised the oxygen concentration in the oropharynx. Cuffed endotracheal tubes provide many advantages, and their use should strongly be considered during adenotonsillectomy ...
Limas Christos - - 2006
A variety of complications are related to a Meckel's diverticulum, including hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction and inflammation. Axial torsion and gangrene of Meckel's diverticulum is the rarest of the complications that have been reported, with this being particularly true in case of children. We report a case of axial torsion and ...
Rubegni Pietro - - 2006
Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis (ACRT) is extremely rare and has only been the subject of sporadic case reports, in most of which the neoplasm manifested as a scrotal mass with diffuse enlargement of the testis. Only a few cases of scrotal infiltration by a contiguous ACRT have been described. ...
Fulgham Pat Fox - - 2006
The presentation of necrotizing vasculitis of the testis is variable and may mimic a testicular tumor. Necrotizing vasculitis of the testis is characterized by fibrinoid necrosis of the walls of small and medium-sized testicular arteries. We report a patient with isolated necrotizing vasculitis of the testis who presented with clinical ...
Arrigo T - - 2006
The clinical implications of the association between testicular microlithiasis (TM) and germ cell tumor (GCT) of the testis are still debated since the natural history of incidentally discovered TM has not been defined. Therefore, it is questionable whether TM can be considered as a precursor of malignancy. We are reporting ...
Yigitler Cengizhan - - 2006
Abdominoscrotal hydrocele and transverse testis ectopia are rare clinical conditions. This case report describes the combination of these two rare entities. An azoospermic and infertile adult man presented with left abdominoscrotal hydrocele and a right impalpable testis. He was treated with left orchiopexy, right orchiectomy, and excision of the abdominoscrotal ...
Hauser Ron - - 2006
To compare the efficacy of 2 sperm-retrieval procedures, testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and testicular sperm aspiration (TESA), during the same procedure using the same subjects as their own controls. The presence of mature testicular sperm cells and motility were evaluated in 87 men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) by means of ...
McGuire B B - - 2006
Vasculitis of the testis generally presents as a manifestation of systemic vasculitis which is well documented. In isolation, it has only been described on few occasions previously, and hitherto it has been in the young. It often mimics a neoplasm of the testis resulting in radical orchidectomy, only for it ...
Kessler Ada - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gray scale and color Doppler appearances of intratesticular varicocele (ITV) in a relatively large series of men and to compare the findings with those previously reported. METHODS: Fifteen ITVs found in 12 men referred for sonographic examination of a variety ...
Merino J - - 2005
This case report describes for the first time a case of pure testicular carcinoid pre-aortic lymph node metastases in a 25 year old patient with carcinoid syndrome. The simultaneous occurrence of intratubular germ cell neoplasia in the surrounding testicular tissue was identified by OCT4 and placental-like alkaline phosphatase positivity. This ...
Ishigami Kousei - - 2005
PURPOSE: To find out if "tubular ectasia of the epididymis" is suggestive of postvasectomy status. METHODS: Tubular ectasia of the epididymis is defined as enlargement of the epididymis with multiple interfaces (i.e., a speckled appearance). We found 24 cases exhibiting tubular ectasia of the epididymis over a period of six ...
Thambidorai C R - - 2005
An eight-year-old boy admitted for acute abdominal pain was diagnosed to have torsion of the spleen (TS) based on contrast enhanced computerised tomography (CECT) of the abdomen. CECT showed whorled appearance in the splenic hilum. Whorl sign' refers to the presence of a twisted splenic pedicle intermingled with fat, resulting ...
Grinbaum R - - 2006
Torsion of an accessory spleen is extremely rare. We report a case of an acute torsion of an accessory spleen in a young patient who presented with acute left abdominal pain and discuss the computed tomographic findings of this exceptional condition. Awareness of this entity and familiarity with typical imaging ...
de Vylder A M A - - 2006
The cases of spermatic cord torsion reported here show that this condition may occur even some time after fixation. Three men, aged 22, 30 and 35 years, visited the urologist with complaints of an acute scrotum following earlier orchiopexy for spermatic cord torsion. Different techniques are employed to fixate the ...
Vázquez-Lavista L G - - 2006
Spermatic cord liposarcoma (SCL) is a rare medical condition; to our knowledge there have been fewer than 100 cases reported in the literature worldwide. As a group, para-testicular tumors are relatively uncommon, and they must be differentiated from tumors of testicular origin with extension to the spermatic cord and its ...
Oner A Y - - 2005
Polyorchidism is a rare congenital anomaly frequently associated with maldescent testis, hernia, and torsion. Reports in the literature show an increased risk of testicular malignancy in the presence of polyorchidism. This entity has characteristic sonographic features and the diagnosis is often made on the basis of sonography. Magnetic resonance imaging ...
Breech Lesley L - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides timely information to assist in solving the diagnostic dilemma of adnexal or ovarian torsion. Knowledge and awareness of current literature is essential to help clinicians improve diagnostic accuracy and avoid potentially catastrophic consequences, including loss of ovarian tissue and function. RECENT FINDINGS: This article ...
Lin Chien-Heng - - 2005
Wandering spleen, defined as a spleen without its usual peritoneal attachments, is a rare entity, particularly in children. It usually occurs in those aged 20 to 40 years, and most cases occur in women. Patients usually become symptomatic when torsion of the splenic pedicle occurs. Gastric volvulus, like wandering spleen, ...
Kerem Mustafa - - 2005
Primary or idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum is a rare surgical condition. We describe a case of omental torsion in an adult patient who was diagnosed preoperatively by contrast-enhanced computed tomography and managed by laparoscopy.
Hoey Brian A - - 2005
Acute ovarian torsion is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain in female children and is often difficult to differentiate from other conditions causing lower abdominal pain. Acute adnexal pathology associated with appendicitis is very rare, with only a handful of reports available in the literature. Reported is a case of ...
Peres Luiz Cesar - - 2005
The study aimed to find out how frequent is brain tissue aspiration and if brain tissue heterotopia could be found in the lung of human neural tube defect cases. Histological sections of each lobe of both lungs of 22 fetuses and newborn with neural tube defect were immunostained for glial ...
Rao P L N G - - 2005
Testicular descent can be described in two phases, the transabdominal and the inguinoscrotal. During the inguinoscrotal phase, the testis may deviate from the normal path of descent and "migrate" to an abnormal location; this is called ectopic testis and is a relatively uncommon condition. The common sites for ectopic testes ...
Kapasi Zain - - 2005
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether colour Doppler ultrasound is more sensitive than clinical examination in ruling out testicular torsion. A total of 284 papers were found using the reported search, of which seven presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date ...
Khairat Abou Bakr M - - 2005
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital anomaly in which there is fusion of the spleen and the gonad or mesonephric derivatives. To date, approximately 150 cases have been reported since the condition was first described by Bostroem in 1883 (Bostroem E. Demonstration eines Praparates von Verwachsung der Milz mit dem ...
Oludiran O O - - 2005
Crossed or transverse ectopic testis is a rare anomaly of testicular descent. It has been noted that fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the world literature. In this paper, we report a new case found in a 6-month-old infant operated on in West Africa for an obstructed right ...
Davol Patrick - - 2005
Testicular torsion is a rare, yet often underrecognized, cause of scrotal pain in adult men. Few reports have commented on testicular torsion in the geriatric population. We report a case of a 68-year-old man initially diagnosed with epididymo-orchitis, who, on surgical exploration, was found to have intravaginal testicular torsion. The ...
Farnham Scott B - - 2005
Prostatic involvement by seminoma is extremely rare. Four case studies have reported primary seminoma of the prostate. Three previous reports have been published of primary testicular seminoma with metastasis to the prostate. We report a fourth case with 10 years of follow-up and describe the initial management with orchiectomy and ...
Kanngurn Samornmas - - 2005
Primary peritoneal adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth and fetal-type cartilage presented in a 48-year-old female patient is described. The tumor seems likely to have derived from the pelvic peritoneum, wheareas the uterus, ovaries and tubes were uninvolved. It was composed of benign-appearing glands and a sarcomatous component showing cartilaginous differentiation. The ...
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