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Sun Hsiao-Lun HL Department of Anesthesiology, Sijhih Cathay General Hospital, Sijhih District, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Burr-hole craniostomy with closed-system drainage is a safe and effective method for the management of chronic subdural hematoma. However, contralateral acute subdural hematoma has been reported to be a rare and devastating complication. Only 3 cases have been described in the literature. Herein, we reported an 80-year-old male with chronic ...
DiLorenzo Daniel J DJ Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Despite the widespread use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of neurologic disorders for over a quarter of a century, there has not been a systematic review and analyses of cases in which long-term postmortem clinic-pathologic data have been collected demonstrating the effects of chronically implanted electrodes and ...
Glaser Kirsten K University Children's Hospital, University of Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe infantile vitamin B12 deficiency is occasionally reported in developed countries due to maternal nutritional deficiency. The clinical manifestation comprises megaloblastic anemia and neurodevelopmental delay culminating in demyelination and brain atrophy. Few case reports have documented manifestation of West syndrome. We report the 8-year long-term follow-up on a 6-month-old exclusively ...
Li Yaxiong Y Departments of 1 Neurosurgery - - 2014
Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are extremely rare in patients without a history of neurofibromatosis; only 18 cases have been reported in the English-language literature to this point. The authors report their experience with 1 new case of a primary MPNST. A 33-year-old woman presented with low-back pain ...
Bedgood Alysia A *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas; †Department of Family and Community Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas; ‡Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Methodist Center for Sports Medicine, Houston, Texas; §Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas; and ¶Retina Consultants of Houston, Houston, - - 2014
: Concussions, or mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI), are on the forefront of sports medicine. There is a spectrum of symptoms associated with mTBI; some of which include blurriness, double vision, and light sensitivity. Further evaluation for nonconcussion-related causes is warranted if vision changes do not improve concurrently with other ...
Chotai Silky S Dardinger Skull Base Laboratory, Department of Neurological Surgery, Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endoscopic-assisted microsurgery (EAM) techniques are employed to improve visualization of the surgical field while minimizing brain retraction and trauma to neurovascular structures. There have been several reports in the literature on the indications and advantages of endoscopic-assisted techniques when operating at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). The purpose of this study ...
Hengzhu Zhang Z From the Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Nonmissile penetrating brain injuries are exceedingly uncommon among civilian population and are most often associated with inflicted injury. They show specific characteristics different from that of missile wounds. In this article, we describe a rare case of a 22-month-old child who experienced accidental penetrating head trauma caused by a crossbow. ...
Chapman Julie C JC Neurology Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA; Neurology Department, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Military mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) differs from civilian injury in important ways. Although mTBI sustained in both military and civilian settings are likely to be underreported, the combat theater presents additional obstacles to reporting and accessing care. The impact of blast forces on the nervous system may differ from ...
Andrade Ana Ines AI Department of Radiology, CIMED; La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina - - - 2014
We describe the case of a 62-year-old man, who presented with a new onset of focal seizures of his right leg. There were no other clinical symptoms, and laboratory results were normal. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple lesions, two supratentorial lesions were ring-enhancing. The brain biopsy tissue showed Histoplasma ...
Mallio Carlo Augusto CA Unit of Diagnostic Imaging, Departmental Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Center for Integrated Research , University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Rome , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Background: Remote cerebellar haemorrhage is a rare and unpredictable complication after intracranial and spinal surgery, although less frequently found in the latter. The physiopathology of this phenomenon has not been definitely explained. Objectives: To describe and discuss the potential implications and pathomechanism of a bilateral remote cerebellar haemorrhage case ...
Ismail Essadi - - 2014
The pituitary gland is an uncommon site for metastases, in particular from rhabdomyosarcoma. Some authors have reported a recent increase in the incidence of metastases at infrequent sites, such as brain or bone, probably due to the expanded treatment options and the resulting improved survival. Treatment options are limited, but ...
Liu Jiang J Department of Neurosurgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Chiari's I malformation with hydrocephalus is commonly seen in clinical experience. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) are most commonly related to vascular compression of the root entry/enter zone (REZ). Until now, TN and HFS associated with hydrocephalus caused by Chiari's malformation have not been reported. The patient was ...
Stefanoni Giovanni G Neurology Department San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano Bicocca; Monza, Italy - - - 2014
The unquestionable advantages provided by modern neuroimaging techniques have recently led some to question the duty of the neurologist, traditionally struggling first and foremost to establish the semeiotic localization of brain lesions and only then to interpret them. The present brief report of six clinical patients who came recently to ...
Pasternak Jeffrey J JJ Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
We review topics pertinent to the perioperative care of patients with neurological disorders. Our review addresses topics not only in the anesthesiology literature, but also in basic neurosciences, critical care medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, radiology, and internal medicine literature. We include literature published or available online up through December 8, 2013. ...
Chen Shi-Wen SW Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Both delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and epidural hematoma have been well described in the neurosurgical literatures. However, delayed posttraumatic acute subdural hematoma which happens more than a week with a rapid progress after mild traumatic brain injury and causes death of patient is rarely reported. We show two such cases ...
Asai Hiroko H Asahikawa Medical University, Departmemt of Pediatrics, 2-1-1-1 Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, - - 2014
A thrombosed dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a rare condition, the clinical features of which have not yet been completely characterized. Here, we describe the clinical course of a patient with a thrombosed DSM and discuss the outcomes in live birth cases from a review of the literature. An ultrasonography ...
Marras Connie C Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Centre, and the Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Research, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MEDLINE and other databases were searched (1990-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "parkinsonian disorders." Reference lists of eligible articles and relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses were also searched. Controlled clinical ...
Hung Ryan R Department of Rehabilitation and Complex Continuing Care, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on prognosis after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus (2001-2012), as well as reference lists of eligible articles, and relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined ...
Cancelliere Carol C Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the last best-evidence synthesis conducted by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation in 2002; and to describe the course, identify prognostic factors, determine long-term sequelae, identify effects of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), identify knowledge gaps in the literature, and ...
Boyle Eleanor E Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The World Health Organization Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) published its findings on the prognosis of MTBI in 2004. This is an update of that review with a focus on deployed military personnel. Relevant literature published between January 2001 and February 2012 listed in MEDLINE ...
Cancelliere Carol C Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on prognosis after sport concussion. MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "sports." Reference lists of eligible articles were also searched. Randomized controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined criteria. Studies had to ...
Carroll Linda J LJ School of Public Health and Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on objective outcomes after adult mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) for studies related to MTBI. Inclusion criteria included published, peer-reviewed articles in English and other languages. References were also identified from the bibliographies of eligible articles. Randomized ...
Cassidy J David JD Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) prognosis review published by the World Health Organization Task Force in 2004. MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from 2001 to 2012. We included published, peer-reviewed studies with more than 30 adult cases. Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were ...
Kilbourn Kent J - - 2014
Cholangiocarcinoma is a rare malignancyinvolvingthe epithelium of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts associated with high mortality usually from systemic recurrence. Isolated brain metastases occur rarely in this malignancy. We found three previous reports on this subject in our review of literature which had a varied presentation. We present the ...
Maraki Sofia S Department of Clinical Microbiology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report on a rare case of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus brain abscess of odontogenic origin in a 6-year-old previously healthy boy, who had close contact with a pet dog. The poodle was the most likely source of the infecting organism, which subsequently colonized the patient's oral cavity. The abscess was surgically ...
Danve Abhijeet A Division of Arthritis & Rheumatic Diseases (OP-09), Oregon Health & Science University, 3181, SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amyloid Beta-Related Angiitis (ABRA) is a rare cause of central nervous system vasculitis complicating cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Data regarding its prevalence, clinical features, management, and outcomes are scant. To describe a patient with ABRA and discuss clinical features and management of ABRA. A case report and review of literature were ...
Marchand Andrée-Anne - - 2014
Meningiomas are the most common brain tumor in the adult population. This case report describes the epidemiology, the clinical presentation as well as the current treatment options for this condition. A 49 year-old man attended a chiropractic clinic with non-specific chronic low back pain. Upon the history taking and the ...
Finocchi Andrea A 1Unit of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University-Hospital Pediatric Department, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy 2Unit of Radiology, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy 3Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy 4Pediatric Immunohematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit and San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy (HSR-TIGET), HS Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency due to phagocytic cell defect. We describe the case of 43 month old boy with CGD presenting with Salmonella spp brain abscesses, together with a review of the 13 cases reported in the literature.
Graham Brett R - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical and radiological entity characterized clinically by headache, altered mental status, seizures, visual disturbances, and other focal neurological signs, and radiographically by reversible changes on imaging. A variety of different etiologies have been reported, but the underlying mechanism is thought to be failed ...
Nassir Mani M Department of Gynecology, Campus Virchow Clinic, Charité Medical University Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. - - 2014
Brain metastases due to endometrial cancer are rare and usually occur in the context of widespread disease. We present a rare case of a 74-year-old woman with recurrent endometrial cancer in terms of a solitary brain lesion two years after initial diagnosis. She was treated with local resection of the ...
Anglade Carole C Jewish General Hospital and Lady Davis Institute , Montréal, Quebec , Canada - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To review the literature on the specific role of the right cerebral hemisphere during recovery from aphasia in order to address the lack of consensus among authors. To derive a theoretical model reconciling the controversial findings in the literature. Methods: Initial PubMed, MEDLINE (1946 to 5 May 2012) ...
Sato Hiromasa H Department of Neurology, Aizawa Hospital, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Isolated bilateral internal ophthalmoplegia is a rare and problematic condition affecting activities of daily living. Herein, we describe the cases of 2 patients with postinfectious isolated bilateral internal ophthalmoplegia, i.e., mydriasis without external ophthalmoplegia. One patient demonstrated no other neurological symptom, while the other patient showed mild gait ataxia. Magnetic ...
Shuttleworth-Edwards Ann B AB Department of Psychology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South - - 2014
The aim of this report is to illustrate the utility of neurocognitive testing as an investigative method to establish the presence of persistent effects of concussive brain injury amongst players of a contact sport with high risk of such injury. The report reviews the outcomes of three previously published neuropsychological ...
Ishizaka Shunsuke S Department of Neurosurgery, Juzenkai Hospital , Nagasaki , - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although Duret haemorrhage of the brainstem caused by descending transtentorial herniation is considered fatal, a few cases have been reported to have good outcome. Moreover, most patients with Duret haemorrhage have severe primary brain injury and the potential outcome of those with mild primary brain injury remains unknown. ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2013
The role of the choroid plexus in cerebrospinal fluid production has been identified for more than a century. Over the years, more intensive studies of this structure has lead to a better understanding of the functions, including brain immunity, protection, absorption, and many others. Here, we review the macro- and ...
Cefalo Maria Giuseppina - - 2013
Wernicke encephalopathy represents a well-known entity characterized by a set of cognitive and neurologic alterations. Wernicke encephalopathy is rare and under-recognized in childhood and may be fatal. Few cases have been documented in pediatric oncology. We report on 2 Wernicke encephalopathy cases that occurred in children having a brain tumor. ...
Dobry Yuriy - - 2013
A patient with progressively worsening auditory hallucinations and 30-year history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) was reported. To formulate a comprehensive diagnostic and treatment approach to patients with auditory sensory disturbances and other neuropsychiatric sequela of a TBI, an electronic search of the major behavioral science databases (Pubmed, PsycINFO, Medline) ...
Azzolini Sara - - 2013
Introduction: Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome is an X-linked condition caused by mutations of the monocarboxylate transporter 8 gene. This syndrome is characterized by axial hypotonia, severe mental retardation, dysarthria, athetoid movements, spastic paraplegia, and a typical thyroid hormone profile. In most of the cases reported so far, brain magnetic resonance imaging showed ...
Mortazavi M M - - 2013
The cerebral ventricles have been recognized since ancient medical history. Their true function started to be realized more than a thousand years later. Their anatomy and function are extremely important in the neurosurgical panorama. The literature was searched for articles and textbooks of different topics related to the history, anatomy, ...
Li Binhua - - 2013
Multiple primary neoplasms are defined as multiple occurrences of malignant neoplasms of differing histological origin in the same individual. The present study describes the case of a 46-year-old male who suffered from two synchronous primary malignant neoplasms, an osteoclastoma of the left femoral trochanter and an anaplastic astrocytoma of the ...
Guo Jianyi - - 2013
Choriocarcinomas generally develop in females. Non-gestational choriocarcinoma in males is extremely rare. The present study describes two cases of young males who were diagnosed with intracranial choriocarcinoma. One case was of an aggressive choriocarcinoma with multiple metastases to the brain, but with an unidentified origin. The patient was admitted in ...
Owolabi Lf L Department of Medicine, Neurology Unit, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, - - 2013
Because of its increasingly recognized clinical diversity, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may be difficult to diagnose, particularly in resource-poor settings where the means of getting supportive tests is a huge challenge. This often results in underdiagnosis or misdiagnosis of PSP, most commonly as Parkinson's disease. The author reported a case ...
Cooper J J JJ Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, - - 2014
Canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME) is a fatal, noninfectious inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. NME has been reported only in a small number of dog breeds, which has led to the presumption that it is a breed-restricted disorder. Our objective was to describe histopathologically confirmed NME in dog breeds in which ...
Mir Fatima - - 2013
Fungal cerebral abscesses are rare and usually seen in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case and review published literature of Madurella mycetomatis as an agent of cerebral abscess. We found contiguous head and neck infections to be the principal cause of cerebral maduromycosis caused by M. mycetomatis. Early recognition of ...
Pape Theresa L-B - - 2013
To synthesize evidence and report findings from a systematic search and descriptive analysis of peer-reviewed published evidence of the accuracy of tests used for diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The article also summarizes points of concurrence and divergence regarding case definitions of mTBI identified during the review. TYPE: Systematic ...
Stevens David C - - 2013
The case presented herein is of an 8-year-old female with nine large brain abscesses of unknown etiology. One lesion was excised by craniotomy. Two days later, in view of impending brain herniation, the remaining eight abscesses were treated on an urgent basis by stereotactic aspiration. Immediate postoperative CT showed total ...
Jaiswal Manish M Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College and Hospital, JLN Marg, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2013
Orbital roof fractures after a blunt injury are an uncommon complication of trauma. Traumatic encephaloceles in the orbital cavity are even rarer, with only 15 cases published till date. Raised intraorbital pressure leading to irreversible damage to the optic nerve can be prevented by early diagnosis and management. Orbital computed ...
Patel Akash J - - 2013
X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) is a progressively debilitating movement disorder that begins with focal dystonia and eventually generalizes. It exclusively affects Filipino inhabitants of the island of Panay. We sought to report a case of XDP successfully treated by DBS and review the literature. We present the case of a ...
Segal Nili - - 2013
Fossa navicularis magna is a congenital anomaly representing persistent dehiscence of the basiocciput. This tract from the nasopharynx to the brain is common and carries a potential risk for infection. Nevertheless reports on such dissemination are very rare. We present a child with brain infection via a fossa navicularis magna, ...
Kaufmann Paul M - - 2013
Clinical neuropsychologists engage increasingly in forensic consulting activities because such expert opinions are generally relevant, reliable and helpful in resolving certain legal claims, especially those related to traumatic brain injury. Consequently, practitioners of law, medicine and psychology would benefit from understanding the nature of neuropsychological evidence, the standards for its ...
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