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Pasternak Jeffrey J JJ Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
We review topics pertinent to the perioperative care of patients with neurological disorders. Our review addresses topics not only in the anesthesiology literature, but also in basic neurosciences, critical care medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, radiology, and internal medicine literature. We include literature published or available online up through December 8, 2013. ...
Chen Shi-Wen SW Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Both delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and epidural hematoma have been well described in the neurosurgical literatures. However, delayed posttraumatic acute subdural hematoma which happens more than a week with a rapid progress after mild traumatic brain injury and causes death of patient is rarely reported. We show two such cases ...
Asai Hiroko H Asahikawa Medical University, Departmemt of Pediatrics, 2-1-1-1 Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, - - 2014
A thrombosed dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a rare condition, the clinical features of which have not yet been completely characterized. Here, we describe the clinical course of a patient with a thrombosed DSM and discuss the outcomes in live birth cases from a review of the literature. An ultrasonography ...
Marras Connie C Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Centre, and the Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Research, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MEDLINE and other databases were searched (1990-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "parkinsonian disorders." Reference lists of eligible articles and relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses were also searched. Controlled clinical ...
Hung Ryan R Department of Rehabilitation and Complex Continuing Care, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on prognosis after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus (2001-2012), as well as reference lists of eligible articles, and relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined ...
Cancelliere Carol C Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the last best-evidence synthesis conducted by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation in 2002; and to describe the course, identify prognostic factors, determine long-term sequelae, identify effects of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), identify knowledge gaps in the literature, and ...
Boyle Eleanor E Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The World Health Organization Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) published its findings on the prognosis of MTBI in 2004. This is an update of that review with a focus on deployed military personnel. Relevant literature published between January 2001 and February 2012 listed in MEDLINE ...
Cancelliere Carol C Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on prognosis after sport concussion. MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "sports." Reference lists of eligible articles were also searched. Randomized controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined criteria. Studies had to ...
Carroll Linda J LJ School of Public Health and Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on objective outcomes after adult mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) for studies related to MTBI. Inclusion criteria included published, peer-reviewed articles in English and other languages. References were also identified from the bibliographies of eligible articles. Randomized ...
Cassidy J David JD Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) prognosis review published by the World Health Organization Task Force in 2004. MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from 2001 to 2012. We included published, peer-reviewed studies with more than 30 adult cases. Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were ...
Maraki Sofia S Department of Clinical Microbiology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report on a rare case of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus brain abscess of odontogenic origin in a 6-year-old previously healthy boy, who had close contact with a pet dog. The poodle was the most likely source of the infecting organism, which subsequently colonized the patient's oral cavity. The abscess was surgically ...
Danve Abhijeet A Division of Arthritis & Rheumatic Diseases (OP-09), Oregon Health & Science University, 3181, SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amyloid Beta-Related Angiitis (ABRA) is a rare cause of central nervous system vasculitis complicating cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Data regarding its prevalence, clinical features, management, and outcomes are scant. To describe a patient with ABRA and discuss clinical features and management of ABRA. A case report and review of literature were ...
Marchand Andrée-Anne - - 2014
Meningiomas are the most common brain tumor in the adult population. This case report describes the epidemiology, the clinical presentation as well as the current treatment options for this condition. A 49 year-old man attended a chiropractic clinic with non-specific chronic low back pain. Upon the history taking and the ...
Finocchi Andrea A 1Unit of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University-Hospital Pediatric Department, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy 2Unit of Radiology, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy 3Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy 4Pediatric Immunohematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit and San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy (HSR-TIGET), HS Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency due to phagocytic cell defect. We describe the case of 43 month old boy with CGD presenting with Salmonella spp brain abscesses, together with a review of the 13 cases reported in the literature.
Graham Brett R - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical and radiological entity characterized clinically by headache, altered mental status, seizures, visual disturbances, and other focal neurological signs, and radiographically by reversible changes on imaging. A variety of different etiologies have been reported, but the underlying mechanism is thought to be failed ...
Nassir Mani M Department of Gynecology, Campus Virchow Clinic, Charité Medical University Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. - - 2014
Brain metastases due to endometrial cancer are rare and usually occur in the context of widespread disease. We present a rare case of a 74-year-old woman with recurrent endometrial cancer in terms of a solitary brain lesion two years after initial diagnosis. She was treated with local resection of the ...
Anglade Carole C Jewish General Hospital and Lady Davis Institute , Montréal, Quebec , Canada - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To review the literature on the specific role of the right cerebral hemisphere during recovery from aphasia in order to address the lack of consensus among authors. To derive a theoretical model reconciling the controversial findings in the literature. Methods: Initial PubMed, MEDLINE (1946 to 5 May 2012) ...
Ishizaka Shunsuke S Department of Neurosurgery, Juzenkai Hospital , Nagasaki , - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although Duret haemorrhage of the brainstem caused by descending transtentorial herniation is considered fatal, a few cases have been reported to have good outcome. Moreover, most patients with Duret haemorrhage have severe primary brain injury and the potential outcome of those with mild primary brain injury remains unknown. ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2013
The role of the choroid plexus in cerebrospinal fluid production has been identified for more than a century. Over the years, more intensive studies of this structure has lead to a better understanding of the functions, including brain immunity, protection, absorption, and many others. Here, we review the macro- and ...
Cefalo Maria Giuseppina - - 2013
Wernicke encephalopathy represents a well-known entity characterized by a set of cognitive and neurologic alterations. Wernicke encephalopathy is rare and under-recognized in childhood and may be fatal. Few cases have been documented in pediatric oncology. We report on 2 Wernicke encephalopathy cases that occurred in children having a brain tumor. ...
Dobry Yuriy - - 2013
A patient with progressively worsening auditory hallucinations and 30-year history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) was reported. To formulate a comprehensive diagnostic and treatment approach to patients with auditory sensory disturbances and other neuropsychiatric sequela of a TBI, an electronic search of the major behavioral science databases (Pubmed, PsycINFO, Medline) ...
Azzolini Sara - - 2013
Introduction: Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome is an X-linked condition caused by mutations of the monocarboxylate transporter 8 gene. This syndrome is characterized by axial hypotonia, severe mental retardation, dysarthria, athetoid movements, spastic paraplegia, and a typical thyroid hormone profile. In most of the cases reported so far, brain magnetic resonance imaging showed ...
Mortazavi M M - - 2013
The cerebral ventricles have been recognized since ancient medical history. Their true function started to be realized more than a thousand years later. Their anatomy and function are extremely important in the neurosurgical panorama. The literature was searched for articles and textbooks of different topics related to the history, anatomy, ...
Li Binhua - - 2013
Multiple primary neoplasms are defined as multiple occurrences of malignant neoplasms of differing histological origin in the same individual. The present study describes the case of a 46-year-old male who suffered from two synchronous primary malignant neoplasms, an osteoclastoma of the left femoral trochanter and an anaplastic astrocytoma of the ...
Guo Jianyi - - 2013
Choriocarcinomas generally develop in females. Non-gestational choriocarcinoma in males is extremely rare. The present study describes two cases of young males who were diagnosed with intracranial choriocarcinoma. One case was of an aggressive choriocarcinoma with multiple metastases to the brain, but with an unidentified origin. The patient was admitted in ...
Owolabi Lf L Department of Medicine, Neurology Unit, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, - - 2013
Because of its increasingly recognized clinical diversity, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may be difficult to diagnose, particularly in resource-poor settings where the means of getting supportive tests is a huge challenge. This often results in underdiagnosis or misdiagnosis of PSP, most commonly as Parkinson's disease. The author reported a case ...
Cooper J J JJ Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, - - 2014
Canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME) is a fatal, noninfectious inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. NME has been reported only in a small number of dog breeds, which has led to the presumption that it is a breed-restricted disorder. Our objective was to describe histopathologically confirmed NME in dog breeds in which ...
Mir Fatima - - 2013
Fungal cerebral abscesses are rare and usually seen in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case and review published literature of Madurella mycetomatis as an agent of cerebral abscess. We found contiguous head and neck infections to be the principal cause of cerebral maduromycosis caused by M. mycetomatis. Early recognition of ...
Pape Theresa L-B - - 2013
To synthesize evidence and report findings from a systematic search and descriptive analysis of peer-reviewed published evidence of the accuracy of tests used for diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The article also summarizes points of concurrence and divergence regarding case definitions of mTBI identified during the review. TYPE: Systematic ...
Stevens David C - - 2013
The case presented herein is of an 8-year-old female with nine large brain abscesses of unknown etiology. One lesion was excised by craniotomy. Two days later, in view of impending brain herniation, the remaining eight abscesses were treated on an urgent basis by stereotactic aspiration. Immediate postoperative CT showed total ...
Jaiswal Manish M Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College and Hospital, JLN Marg, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2013
Orbital roof fractures after a blunt injury are an uncommon complication of trauma. Traumatic encephaloceles in the orbital cavity are even rarer, with only 15 cases published till date. Raised intraorbital pressure leading to irreversible damage to the optic nerve can be prevented by early diagnosis and management. Orbital computed ...
Patel Akash J - - 2013
X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) is a progressively debilitating movement disorder that begins with focal dystonia and eventually generalizes. It exclusively affects Filipino inhabitants of the island of Panay. We sought to report a case of XDP successfully treated by DBS and review the literature. We present the case of a ...
Segal Nili - - 2013
Fossa navicularis magna is a congenital anomaly representing persistent dehiscence of the basiocciput. This tract from the nasopharynx to the brain is common and carries a potential risk for infection. Nevertheless reports on such dissemination are very rare. We present a child with brain infection via a fossa navicularis magna, ...
Kaufmann Paul M - - 2013
Clinical neuropsychologists engage increasingly in forensic consulting activities because such expert opinions are generally relevant, reliable and helpful in resolving certain legal claims, especially those related to traumatic brain injury. Consequently, practitioners of law, medicine and psychology would benefit from understanding the nature of neuropsychological evidence, the standards for its ...
Bakker Kathleen - - 2013
The neuropsychological outcomes of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) have received increasing study over the past 20 years and are now well delineated in the research literature. One outcome that has received little attention is that of olfactory dysfunction following pediatric TBI. This is despite adult literature indicating that anosmia ...
Chen Shu-Mei - - 2013
Intracranial osteomas are uncommon lesions that usually arise from the inner table of the cranium. There are few reports in the literature of intracranial osteomas with meninges attachment and without direct relation with the skull bone; these osteomas were mostly attached with dura. We report a rare osteoma with falx ...
de Amorim Robson Luis Oliveira - - 2013
Traumatic posterior fossa subdural hematomas (SDHs) are rare lesions. Despite improvements in intensive care and surgical management of traumatic brain injuries over the last decades, the outcome for posterior fossa subdural hematomas remains poor. We conduct a retrospective study over a 2-year period of patients sustaining traumatic brain injury and ...
Lummus Seth - - 2013
Ventriculitis or periventriculitis as a predominant pattern of tissue involvement in cerebral toxoplasmosis was always a rare event, even at the height of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) era. Ventriculitis on premortem neuroimaging or at autopsy in AIDS patients chiefly led to differential diagnoses of primary central nervous system lymphoma ...
Dimple Jain - - 2013
Introduction: There are numerous causes for intracranial calcification in children. We describe an unusual cause of intracranial calcification in a child, namely, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Case Report: A 12-year-old boy presented with seizures and developmental delay. MRI of the brain revealed intracranial calcification. Evaluation showed findings suggestive of NDI. ...
Takanen Silvia - - 2013
Extracranial metastases from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are a very rare event, even if an increasing incidence has been documented. We report the case of a young woman with primary GBM who developed bone metastases without local brain relapse. Because of persistent headache and visual disturbances, in March 2011 the patient ...
Park So-Youn SY Department of Infectious Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Brain abscesses can be highly lethal if appropriate treatment is not administered, and reports of such an abscess caused by Enterococcus avium are very rare. Here,we report a case of a 48-year-old man presenting with chronic otitis media. He initially presented with a headache and right otalgia. An otoscopic evaluation ...
Duransoy Yusuf Kurtulu┼č YK Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, - - 2013
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection affecting the brain in about 2% of the cases. Brain involvement is most commonly observed in children. Here, we report a 13-year-old male patient who presented with headache, nausea, and vomiting. Before cranial computed tomography (CT) was performed, the patient had generalized epileptic seizures. ...
Vaidya Ashima - - 2013
Cysticercosis is a common problem world wide. However, disseminated cysticercosis is rare. Still rarer is asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis. We are reporting here a rare case of asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis which involved brain, face, orbit, lungs, heart, pancreas and spleen in a young Nigerian male, who sought medical attention for dysphagia ...
Kim Hyeun Sook - - 2013
Intracranial calcifications are relatively common computed tomographic findings in the field of neurosurgery, and cysticercosis, tuberculosis, HIV, and cryptococcus are acquired intracranial infections typically associated with calcifications. However, intracranial calcification caused by a bacterial brain abscess is rare. Here, we present a rare case of intracranial calcification caused by a ...
Kim Seong Woo - - 2013
Abstract Background: Intracranial stab wounds are low-velocity, penetrating injuries to the brain and fatality and outcome significantly depend on route, depth and location of cranial penetration. Due to the effective barrier provided by the adult calvarium, most injuries occur through the orbitae or temporal regions where bony layers are thin. ...
Satyarthee Guru Dutta - - 2013
Subdural effusion in an infant is a rare clinical scenario which may be secondary to a variety of etiologies. Massive subdural effusion is an extremely rare complication of head injury. Authors report a rare case of progressive massive subdural effusion which, despite bilateral bur-hole placement and drainage, failed and presented ...
Noujeim Carlos - - 2013
Brain death is the total loss of all brain and brain stem functions, and its diagnosis is often confirmed by an apnoea test, which relies on disconnecting the patient from the ventilator. Auto-triggering or auto-cycling is defined as a ventilator being triggered in the absence of patient effort, intrinsic respiratory ...
Chen Shao-Ching - - 2013
Rhabdoid glioblastoma is a rare type of recently described malignant brain tumor. It is characterized by a glioblastoma associated with rhabdoid components. Here we report two cases of rhabdoid glioblastoma and a brief literature review. The first patient was a 19-year-old boy who initially presented with a foul-smelling odor and ...
Favoni Valentina - - 2013
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA) are primary headache syndromes. A growing body of literature has focused on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of neurovascular compression in these syndromes. The objective of this article ...
Khalil Asma - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Studies have demonstrated an association between congenital heart disease (CHD) and neurodevelopmental delay. Neuroimaging studies have also demonstrated a high incidence of preoperative brain abnormalities. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review in order to quantify the non-surgical risk of brain abnormalities and of neurodevelopmental ...
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