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Upreti Sheela S Laboratory Services, Middlemore Hospital, Counties Manukau, Auckland, New - - 2014
Angiomyofibroblastoma represents a rare, benign mesenchymal tumor with a predilection for the vulvovaginal region. Lipomatous change may occur but rarely comprises a substantial component of the lesion. There are only eight reports in the English language literature describing the lipomatous variant of this tumor. We describe a further lipomatous angiomyofibroblastoma ...
Albersen Maarten M Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven 3000, - - 2014
When Nature Reviews Urology launched in 2004, the field of urology was vastly different to that which we work in today, and the past 10 years have seen the field change immensely. As a specialty on the forefront of cutting-edge innovation, urologists are often the first to embrace new technologies ...
Morrissey Kelly - - 2014
Granulomatous pigmented purpuric dermatosis (GPPD) is a rare entity with few cases reported in the literature. We report 3 cases of pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD) with granulomatous features in a 9-year-old boy, a 49-year-old woman, and a 75-year-old woman. We also review the literature on PPDs with granulomatous features, including ...
Duncan Amy A Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, South Africa - - 2014
A recent interest in euphoria in multiple sclerosis (MS) has resulted in a wealth of literature on this topic. However, a marked change in the definition of this symptom appears to have taken place since its first descriptions in the mid-19(th) century. This short report will demonstrate that the 'euphoria' ...
Kawtharani Firas F Resident, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
Fluoroquinolones are widely used antibiotics; however, numerous side effects have been reported in published studies, including a spectrum of tendinopathies, affecting numerous anatomic sites. Several risk factors have been identified, including advanced age (>60 years), corticosteroid use, renal failure or dialysis, female sex, and nonobesity. We present the case of an ...
Hall R R KD Bardhan, The Rotherham NHS Foundation Trust, Moorgate Road, Rotherham, South Yorkshire S60 2UD, UK. Email - - 2014
The changing pattern of haemorrhage and perforation from peptic ulcer disease is well documented but little is known about pyloric stenosis, the third complication of the disease. We reviewed records relating to definitive operations (with intent to cure) for peptic ulcer disease carried out in York, UK from 1929-1997. We ...
Mohnke Sebastian S Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Psychosocial and biological factors have been implicated in paedophilia, such as alterations in brain structure and function. The purpose of this paper is to review the expanding body of literature on this topic including brain abnormality case reports, as well as structural and functional neuroimaging studies. Case studies of men ...
Tyler Richard S - - 2014
Hyperacusis can be extremely debilitating, and at present there is no cure. We provide an overview of the field, and possible related areas, in the hope of facilitating future research. We review and reference literature on hyperacusis and related areas. We have divided the review into Part I, where we ...
Sherman Andrew L AL Department of Physical medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1611 Northwest 12th Avenue, 9th Floor, Miami, FL 33136, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Applying therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for the purposes of neuroprotection, originally termed "hibernation," started nearly 100 years ago. Because TH cooling systems have improved to the point where it is practical and safe for general application, interest in providing such treatment in conditions such as spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, ...
Choudhri Omar O Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive MC5327, Stanford, CA, USA, - - 2014
Neuroendoscopy has greatly impacted pediatric neurosurgery over the past few decades. Improved optics and microsurgical tools have allowed neuroendoscopes to be used for a multitude of neurosurgical procedures. In this review article, we present the breadth of intraventricular neuroendoscopic procedures for the treatment of conditions ranging from hydrocephalus and brain ...
Cesmebasi Alper A Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada, West - - 2014
Hindbrain herniations come in many forms and have been further subdivided as their original descriptions. For cerebellar tonsillar ectopia, they can be divided into two categories, acquired and congenital. Acquired hindbrain herniations are due to increased intracranial pressure caused by certain conditions such as trauma or brain tumor. Although the ...
Sun Hsiao-Lun HL Department of Anesthesiology, Sijhih Cathay General Hospital, Sijhih District, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Burr-hole craniostomy with closed-system drainage is a safe and effective method for the management of chronic subdural hematoma. However, contralateral acute subdural hematoma has been reported to be a rare and devastating complication. Only 3 cases have been described in the literature. Herein, we reported an 80-year-old male with chronic ...
Orbach D D Neurointerventional Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Two recent concurrent and contrasting cases of dural sinus malformation (DSM), followed at serial time points in utero by ultrasound and MR at the Boston Children's Hospital Advanced Fetal Care Center (AFCC), illuminate the range of complex decision-making challenges faced by parents and consulting clinicians, and led us to study ...
DiLorenzo Daniel J DJ Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Despite the widespread use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of neurologic disorders for over a quarter of a century, there has not been a systematic review and analyses of cases in which long-term postmortem clinic-pathologic data have been collected demonstrating the effects of chronically implanted electrodes and ...
Glaser Kirsten K University Children's Hospital, University of Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe infantile vitamin B12 deficiency is occasionally reported in developed countries due to maternal nutritional deficiency. The clinical manifestation comprises megaloblastic anemia and neurodevelopmental delay culminating in demyelination and brain atrophy. Few case reports have documented manifestation of West syndrome. We report the 8-year long-term follow-up on a 6-month-old exclusively ...
Li Yaxiong Y Departments of 1 Neurosurgery - - 2014
Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are extremely rare in patients without a history of neurofibromatosis; only 18 cases have been reported in the English-language literature to this point. The authors report their experience with 1 new case of a primary MPNST. A 33-year-old woman presented with low-back pain ...
Bedgood Alysia A *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas; †Department of Family and Community Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas; ‡Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Methodist Center for Sports Medicine, Houston, Texas; §Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas; and ¶Retina Consultants of Houston, Houston, - - 2014
: Concussions, or mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI), are on the forefront of sports medicine. There is a spectrum of symptoms associated with mTBI; some of which include blurriness, double vision, and light sensitivity. Further evaluation for nonconcussion-related causes is warranted if vision changes do not improve concurrently with other ...
Chotai Silky S Dardinger Skull Base Laboratory, Department of Neurological Surgery, Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endoscopic-assisted microsurgery (EAM) techniques are employed to improve visualization of the surgical field while minimizing brain retraction and trauma to neurovascular structures. There have been several reports in the literature on the indications and advantages of endoscopic-assisted techniques when operating at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). The purpose of this study ...
Hengzhu Zhang Z From the Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Nonmissile penetrating brain injuries are exceedingly uncommon among civilian population and are most often associated with inflicted injury. They show specific characteristics different from that of missile wounds. In this article, we describe a rare case of a 22-month-old child who experienced accidental penetrating head trauma caused by a crossbow. ...
Chapman Julie C JC Neurology Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA; Neurology Department, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Military mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) differs from civilian injury in important ways. Although mTBI sustained in both military and civilian settings are likely to be underreported, the combat theater presents additional obstacles to reporting and accessing care. The impact of blast forces on the nervous system may differ from ...
Andrade Ana Ines AI Department of Radiology, CIMED; La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina - - - 2014
We describe the case of a 62-year-old man, who presented with a new onset of focal seizures of his right leg. There were no other clinical symptoms, and laboratory results were normal. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple lesions, two supratentorial lesions were ring-enhancing. The brain biopsy tissue showed Histoplasma ...
Mallio Carlo Augusto CA Unit of Diagnostic Imaging, Departmental Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Center for Integrated Research , University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Rome , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Background: Remote cerebellar haemorrhage is a rare and unpredictable complication after intracranial and spinal surgery, although less frequently found in the latter. The physiopathology of this phenomenon has not been definitely explained. Objectives: To describe and discuss the potential implications and pathomechanism of a bilateral remote cerebellar haemorrhage case ...
Ismail Essadi - - 2014
The pituitary gland is an uncommon site for metastases, in particular from rhabdomyosarcoma. Some authors have reported a recent increase in the incidence of metastases at infrequent sites, such as brain or bone, probably due to the expanded treatment options and the resulting improved survival. Treatment options are limited, but ...
Liu Jiang J Department of Neurosurgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Chiari's I malformation with hydrocephalus is commonly seen in clinical experience. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) are most commonly related to vascular compression of the root entry/enter zone (REZ). Until now, TN and HFS associated with hydrocephalus caused by Chiari's malformation have not been reported. The patient was ...
Pasternak Jeffrey J JJ Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
We review topics pertinent to the perioperative care of patients with neurological disorders. Our review addresses topics not only in the anesthesiology literature, but also in basic neurosciences, critical care medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, radiology, and internal medicine literature. We include literature published or available online up through December 8, 2013. ...
Chen Shi-Wen SW Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Both delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and epidural hematoma have been well described in the neurosurgical literatures. However, delayed posttraumatic acute subdural hematoma which happens more than a week with a rapid progress after mild traumatic brain injury and causes death of patient is rarely reported. We show two such cases ...
Stefanoni Giovanni G Neurology Department San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano Bicocca; Monza, Italy - - - 2014
The unquestionable advantages provided by modern neuroimaging techniques have recently led some to question the duty of the neurologist, traditionally struggling first and foremost to establish the semeiotic localization of brain lesions and only then to interpret them. The present brief report of six clinical patients who came recently to ...
Asai Hiroko H Asahikawa Medical University, Departmemt of Pediatrics, 2-1-1-1 Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, - - 2014
A thrombosed dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a rare condition, the clinical features of which have not yet been completely characterized. Here, we describe the clinical course of a patient with a thrombosed DSM and discuss the outcomes in live birth cases from a review of the literature. An ultrasonography ...
Marras Connie C Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Centre, and the Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Research, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MEDLINE and other databases were searched (1990-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "parkinsonian disorders." Reference lists of eligible articles and relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses were also searched. Controlled clinical ...
Hung Ryan R Department of Rehabilitation and Complex Continuing Care, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on prognosis after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus (2001-2012), as well as reference lists of eligible articles, and relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined ...
Cancelliere Carol C Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the last best-evidence synthesis conducted by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation in 2002; and to describe the course, identify prognostic factors, determine long-term sequelae, identify effects of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), identify knowledge gaps in the literature, and ...
Boyle Eleanor E Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The World Health Organization Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) published its findings on the prognosis of MTBI in 2004. This is an update of that review with a focus on deployed military personnel. Relevant literature published between January 2001 and February 2012 listed in MEDLINE ...
Cancelliere Carol C Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on prognosis after sport concussion. MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "sports." Reference lists of eligible articles were also searched. Randomized controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined criteria. Studies had to ...
Carroll Linda J LJ School of Public Health and Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To synthesize the best available evidence on objective outcomes after adult mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) for studies related to MTBI. Inclusion criteria included published, peer-reviewed articles in English and other languages. References were also identified from the bibliographies of eligible articles. Randomized ...
Cassidy J David JD Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) prognosis review published by the World Health Organization Task Force in 2004. MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from 2001 to 2012. We included published, peer-reviewed studies with more than 30 adult cases. Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were ...
Kilbourn Kent J - - 2014
Cholangiocarcinoma is a rare malignancyinvolvingthe epithelium of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts associated with high mortality usually from systemic recurrence. Isolated brain metastases occur rarely in this malignancy. We found three previous reports on this subject in our review of literature which had a varied presentation. We present the ...
Maraki Sofia S Department of Clinical Microbiology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report on a rare case of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus brain abscess of odontogenic origin in a 6-year-old previously healthy boy, who had close contact with a pet dog. The poodle was the most likely source of the infecting organism, which subsequently colonized the patient's oral cavity. The abscess was surgically ...
Danve Abhijeet A Division of Arthritis & Rheumatic Diseases (OP-09), Oregon Health & Science University, 3181, SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amyloid Beta-Related Angiitis (ABRA) is a rare cause of central nervous system vasculitis complicating cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Data regarding its prevalence, clinical features, management, and outcomes are scant. To describe a patient with ABRA and discuss clinical features and management of ABRA. A case report and review of literature were ...
Finocchi Andrea A 1Unit of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University-Hospital Pediatric Department, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy 2Unit of Radiology, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy 3Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy 4Pediatric Immunohematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit and San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy (HSR-TIGET), HS Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency due to phagocytic cell defect. We describe the case of 43 month old boy with CGD presenting with Salmonella spp brain abscesses, together with a review of the 13 cases reported in the literature.
Graham Brett R - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical and radiological entity characterized clinically by headache, altered mental status, seizures, visual disturbances, and other focal neurological signs, and radiographically by reversible changes on imaging. A variety of different etiologies have been reported, but the underlying mechanism is thought to be failed ...
Nassir Mani M Department of Gynecology, Campus Virchow Clinic, Charité Medical University Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. - - 2014
Brain metastases due to endometrial cancer are rare and usually occur in the context of widespread disease. We present a rare case of a 74-year-old woman with recurrent endometrial cancer in terms of a solitary brain lesion two years after initial diagnosis. She was treated with local resection of the ...
Sato Hiromasa H Department of Neurology, Aizawa Hospital, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Isolated bilateral internal ophthalmoplegia is a rare and problematic condition affecting activities of daily living. Herein, we describe the cases of 2 patients with postinfectious isolated bilateral internal ophthalmoplegia, i.e., mydriasis without external ophthalmoplegia. One patient demonstrated no other neurological symptom, while the other patient showed mild gait ataxia. Magnetic ...
Shuttleworth-Edwards Ann B AB Department of Psychology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South - - 2014
The aim of this report is to illustrate the utility of neurocognitive testing as an investigative method to establish the presence of persistent effects of concussive brain injury amongst players of a contact sport with high risk of such injury. The report reviews the outcomes of three previously published neuropsychological ...
Williams John R JR Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University , Providence, RI , - - 2014
Penetrating cranial injury by mechanisms other than gunshots are exceedingly rare, and so strategies and guidelines for the management of PBI are largely informed by data from higher-velocity penetrating injuries. Here, we present a case of penetrating brain injury by the low-velocity mechanism of a harpoon from an underwater fishing ...
Seki T - - 2014
Choriocarcinoma is categorized as either gestational or nongestational depending on its origin. Nongestational choriocarcinoma originated in the trophoblastic differentiation is a rare but an aggressive tumor. This article reports a nongestational case of a uterine endometrial carcinoma with trophoblastic differentiation. A 54-year-old woman with a history of atypical genital bleeding ...
Wu Pin-Chieh PC Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, - - 2014
A brain abscess is a life-threatening infection. There are few reports describing Prevotella bacteremia with middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and brain abscess following dental extraction in the literature. We herein describe a 32-year-old healthy man who experienced headache after tooth extraction. He was not correctly diagnosed until he experienced ...
Anglade Carole C Jewish General Hospital and Lady Davis Institute , Montréal, Quebec , Canada - - 2014
To review the literature on the specific role of the right cerebral hemisphere during recovery from aphasia in order to address the lack of consensus among authors. To derive a theoretical model reconciling the controversial findings in the literature. Initial PubMed, MEDLINE (1946 to 5 May 2012) and PsycINFO (1806 ...
Chishugi John B JB Mount Mary Hospital,Diocese of Buea, Buea, - - 2014
Ectopia cordis is a rare congenital defect where the heart is completely displaced outside the chest wall. Cantrell's pentalogy is an embryologic anomaly with five classic midline deficiencies often associated with ectopia cordis. Here we present a case of thoraco-abdominal ectopia cordis, brief literature review, and possible implications for changes ...
Ishizaka Shunsuke S Department of Neurosurgery, Juzenkai Hospital , Nagasaki , - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although Duret haemorrhage of the brainstem caused by descending transtentorial herniation is considered fatal, a few cases have been reported to have good outcome. Moreover, most patients with Duret haemorrhage have severe primary brain injury and the potential outcome of those with mild primary brain injury remains unknown. ...
Ballo Matthew T MT Department of Radiation Oncology, Regional Care Centers, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
We implemented a peer review program that required presentation of all nonpalliative cases to a weekly peer review conference. The purpose of this review is to document compliance and determine how this program impacted care. A total of 2988 patients were eligible for peer review. Patient data were presented to ...
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