Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 910
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Kodsi Sylvia - - 2006
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has emerged as an important pathogen responsible for serious ocular and systemic disease. MRSA has been reported to occur in dacryocystitis in the adult population. This is the first case report of community-acquired MRSA in the pediatric population in association with chronic dacryocystitis secondary to congenital ...
Semaan Maroun T - - 2006
The pathogenesis of middle ear cholesteatoma continues to be highly debated. In recent years, there has been a substantial improvement in the understanding of the pathophysiology of this disease. This chapter provides a summary of the history and evolution of cholesteatoma and a review of the recent literature that pertains ...
Lee Jae Hoon - - 2006
Nasal septum perforations or defects can have a variety of causes. Defects of the septum tend to occur in the antero-inferior region. We report two cases of congenital vomeral defect of the septum detected during nasal endoscopy. Neither of the patients in this report had any nasal surgery, trauma, infectious ...
Soto-Hurtado Enrique Javier - - 2006
Tracheal diverticulum is a rarely encountered entity. It may be congenital or acquired, the difference residing mainly in the histologic features of the wall. Most cases are asymptomatic, but when symptoms are present they are usually nonspecific. Congenital diverticulum is not normally detected in infancy unless it is suggested by ...
Martinez-Regueira Soledad - - 2006
Aplasia cutis congenita is a rare condition characterized by congenital absence of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. It may occur as an isolated defect or associated with other anomalies. This study sought to determine the frequency of this condition over a 10-year-period at the single hospital for a well-defined ...
Chidzonga M M - - 2006
A case of the management of a congenital double lower lip in a 2-week-old female child: is described. The mother stated that the child was having difficulties when suckling and was also worried about the unsightly appearance. The redundant lower lip was excised under general anaesthesia. The child made an ...
Blaivie Catherine - - 2006
Intrasphenoidal meningoencephalocele is a rare clinical entity. Its origin can be congenital, traumatic, tumoral, or spontaneous. Presenting as cerebrospinal fluid fistula with rhinorrhea, the diagnosis and treatment of this uncommon disease is a real challenge for the otorhinolaryngologist. We report a case of sphenoidal meningocele treated using an endoscopic procedure ...
Alicioglu Banu - - 2007
A case of a 10-year-old boy with hypoplasia of the flexor pollicis longus and without other associated anomalies and trauma history is reported. Flexor pollicis longus tendon anomalies are rare; several types of this congenital anomaly have been reported in the literature. The diagnosis should be considered to the conditions ...
Shivakumar S K - - 2006
Agenesis of scalp is an uncommon but well-recognized clinical entity. Congenital scalp and skull defects can be either obvious or occult; over 300 cases have been reported in literature. Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is recognized as a heterogeneous disorder, all characterized by focal absence of the epidermis, dermis and sometimes ...
Maheshwari Rajat - - 2006
Congenital eversion of the upper eyelids is a rare condition, the exact cause of which remains unknown. It is more frequently associated with Down's syndrome and black babies. If diagnosed early and treated properly, the condition can be managed without surgery. We report a case of congenital bilateral severe upper ...
Riedlinger Wolfram F J - - 2006
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), intralobar sequestration (ILS), extralobar sequestration (ELS), and lobar emphysema (LE) are well-accepted entities; however, certain findings are common to all, particularly the parenchymal maldevelopment characterizing CCAM. Isolated reports have described bronchial atresia (BA) in some specimens in all 4 entities, but this finding has not ...
Palloshi Altin - - 2006
Non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium (NCVM) is a rare disorder of myocardial morphogenesis usually diagnosed in paediatric age associated with high mortality rates. Among reported cases, NCVM has been described in only six patients > or = 70 years. We describe the case of a 74-year-old male with NCVM involving ...
Osahon A I - - 2006
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Congenital ocular anomalies are the result of defective development of the ocular tissues during intrauterine life. The aim of this study was to increase awareness amongst Ophthalmologists and other healthcare providers on some cogenital ocular anomalies seen in clinical practice. Patients and Methods: The 5 cases presented ...
Norton Seamus P - - 2006
Congenital intrahepatic arterioportal fistula is a rare but treatable cause of portal hypertension for which early recognition may lead to successful radiological management. We report an infant presenting with severe failure to thrive, melena and splenomegaly due to a congenital intrahepatic arterioportal fistula, successfully ablated after multiple trials of superselective ...
Priglinger Siegfried G - - 2006
The pulsed electron avalanche knife (PEAK-fc, Carl Zeiss Meditec) is an electrosurgical cutting device that allows precise "cold" and traction-free tissue dissection. We describe its applicability and safety for anterior capsulotomy in a child with congenital cataract and an adult patient with mature cataract. The PEAK-fc was set at a ...
Ho Chi-Lin - - 2006
Atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are common congenital heart defects and usually isolate. The combination of these two defects is infrequent. Nowadays, both defects are amenable to transcatheter closure, without surgery. However, both defects by transcather closure was rarely reported. Here we report that two children ...
Do─čan Omer Faruk - - 2006
Congenital lobar emphysema is cause of infantile respiratory distress and diagnosed by lobar overaeration, mediastinal shift and/or compression of the adjacent lobe. However, concomitant congenital heart disease with this clinical condition is not uncommon, and there is no uniform consensus about the treatment strategy in these particular cases. We present ...
Shams Mohammad Ghasem - - 2006
Congenital fusion of the mandible and maxilla is a rare anomaly usually seen in association with various syndromes. Reports of isolated cases of bony fusion of the jaws are sparse. Only 10 reported cases were found in the literature search. Maxillomandibular fusion restricts mouth opening, causing feeding problems and difficulties ...
Shivakumar S K, Dwarakanath ...
Agenesis of scalp is an uncommon but well-recognized clinical entity. Congenital scalp and skull defects can be either obvious or occult; over 300 cases have been reported in literature. Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is recognized as a heterogeneous disorder, all characterized by focal absence of the epidermis, dermis and sometimes ...
Vogt Gábor - - 2006
AIMS: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence at birth of different ocular congenital abnormalities and to describe their birth characteristics in Hungary. METHODS: Two data sets were evaluated: the national-based Hungarian Congenital Abnormality Registry and the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities which include cases with ...
Ozcan K - - 2006
In this report, an atypical form of cyclopia is described in a stillborn Brown Swiss cross male calf. The changes were confined to the head. The most significant malformation was the presence of a median orbita-like opening that did not contain an eyeball. Other defects included prosencephalic aplasia, brachygnathia superior ...
Bütter Andreana - - 2006
Congenital pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare lesions, usually asymptomatic. We report on the case of a baby who was thought to have a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the left upper lobe based on prenatal and postnatal imaging. Final pathology revealed a congenital pulmonary AVM. Neither the child nor ...
Goikoetxea Xabier - - 2006
Ectopic nail, also known as onychoheterotopia or onychoheterotropia, is an extremely rare disorder. It is characterized by the growth of nail-like tissue in a different location other than the nail bed. Congenital and acquired deformities have been reported. We describe a case of posttraumatic ectopic nail and review the literature ...
Casaccia Germana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-known genetic condition characterized by typical facial anomalies, midline defects, skeletal anomalies, prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Affected patients with a microdeletion on distal 4p present a milder phenotype that lacks congenital malformations. WHS is rarely associated with congenital ...
Kennedy K P - - 2006
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital abnormality. In this case report, the diagnosis of splenogonadal fusion was made after the removal of an abnormal mass at 'routine' left herniotomy. A cautious approach at surgery resulted in no apparent damage to the testicle. A short review of the literature is included.
Gharagozlou Mohammad - - 2006
There are few reports about congenital indifference to pain or Hereditary and Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy (HSAN). Several investigations for pathophysiology of this syndrome have been performed and different classifications about it. In this report we present a case of HSAN type II with general absence of pain and self amputations ...
Caner Ibrahim - - 2006
An association between thromboembolic events and Down syndrome (DS) has been increasingly reported in the literature. It is not clear whether patients with DS have increased risk for thrombotic disorders or there is a coincidence. We present a case of giant right ventricular thrombus in a neonate with DS. Risk ...
Gupta Ashish K - - 2006
Caroli's disease is a rare congenital disorder and occasional cases have been reported from Japan and other parts of Asia. It comprises of congenital dilation of the lower (segmental) intrahepatic bile duct. Cholangitis liver, cirrhosis and cholangiocarcinoma are its potential complication. A case of caroli's disease in an 8-years-old boy ...
Roy K K - - 2006
Lymphangioma circumscriptum (LC) is a defect of lymphatics in deep dermis. This abnormal saccular dilatation of lymphatics occurs in dermal papillae visible as vesicles clinically. The entity may be acquired or congenital. The occurrence of congenital variety of LC in vulva is extremely rare, with only few cases reported in ...
Friedman Mark A - - 2007
Noncompaction of the left ventricle is a rare, congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by excessive trabeculation of the myocardium. Dextrocardia with situs solitus, commonly referred to as dextroversion, is associated with additional congenital heart disease. We report a case of noncompaction of the left ventricle in a patient with dextroversion, an association ...
Do Twee T - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to better understand the spectrum of disease in torticollis, which is the third most common pediatric orthopaedic diagnosis in childhood. Besides the benign muscular tightness of the sternocleidomastoid muscle leading to the classic head position, the differential diagnosis of the wry ...
Lahiri Anindya - - 2006
Macroglossia is defined as an enlarged tongue that protrudes beyond the teeth or the alveolar ridge in the resting position. Macroglossia may be classified into generalised and localised based on the extent of tongue involvement. Each of these groups can be subdivided into congenital, inflammatory, traumatic, metabolic and neoplastic lesions ...
Ranjith G - - 2006
The clinical presentation of pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) mimics congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Poor response of the dehydration and electrolyte abnormalities to steroid therapy should make one suspect PHA. The treatment is supportive in the form of salt replacement and sodium resonium. We report a case of PHA that presented as salt ...
Burroughs John R - - 2006
A 4-year-old boy was referred for blepharoptosis. Examination revealed the presence of oculomotor-abducens synkinesis (right upper eyelid elevation with right gaze). Reports of congenital oculomotor-abducens synkinesis syndromes are rare. Two surgeries required more levator resection than anticipated to obtain the first, to our knowledge, reported successful result in this condition.
Kulac M - - 2006
Port-wine stains are frequently seen congenital vascular malformations consisting of ectatic dermal capillaries. Acquired port-wine stain that develops later in life is an uncommon vascular lesion that is morphologically identical to a congenital port-wine stain. In the majority of acquired port-wine stains, the aetiology is unknown, but trauma is an ...
Ronderos-Dumit D - - 2006
Amniotic band syndrome is a sporadic condition that may result in constriction bands, amputation and multiple craniofacial, visceral and body wall defects. It occurs in 1/1,200 to 1/15,000 live births. Most cases present with multiple congenital anomalies that are incompatible with life. A small group of fetuses shows isolated limb ...
Nappi Carmine - - 2006
Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a rare disease in which multiple smooth muscle or smooth muscle-like nodules develop subperitoneally in any part of the abdominal cavity. No reports of multiple congenital malformations associated with LPD have been found in the English literature. A 27 year-old patient referred to our gynaecology ...
Indumathi C K - - 2005
Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome (CNS) with adrenal calcification and CNS with congenital heart disease (CHD) have rarely been reported. However, CNS with both these rare associations has never been previously reported. Here we report a case of CNS with both rare associations, perhaps the first report from India to the best ...
Wu Hong-Fei - - 2005
Congenital agenesis of the seminal vesicle (CASV) is frequently associated with congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD) or ipsilateral congenital vasoureteral communication. We reported two cases of a rare condition that the vas deferens open ectopically into Mullerian duct cyst associated with agenesis of the ipsilateral seminal vesicle. The ...
Egier Deena - - 2005
Cryptophthalmos is a condition of congenital eyelid malformation most commonly accompanied by syndactyly, urogenital anomalies, and cognitive impairments as in Fraser syndrome. We report on a patient with characteristic features consistent with autosomal dominant bilateral complete isolated cryptophthalmos. This patient represents only the sixth documented case of bilateral complete isolated ...
Giavroglou C - - 2006
Portal vein aneurysm is a rare clinical entity, with only 41 published cases in the English-language literature. Twenty-five of them were congenital. We present the case of a 50-year-old woman who was incidentally diagnosed with a congenital extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm during an investigation for dyspepsia. Ultrasonographic features are described ...
Ratliff Heather L - - 2006
We report four cases of persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) incidentally recognized during device implantation. Persistent LSVC is the commonest venous anomaly of the thorax and drains into the right atrium via the coronary sinus. Persistent LSVC demonstrates several congenital variations including variable communication with right-sided superior vena cava ...
Kanotra Sonika - - 2006
Congenital epulis or gingival granular cell tumour is a rare lesion occurring in the newborn, affecting females eight times more than males and arising more commonly from the maxillary than the mandibular alveolar ridge. We report the case of a five-day-old girl who presented to us with a large mass ...
Martin Christian - - 2006
Congenital minor ear malformations are very uncommon. Their etiology can be explained by the embryological development of the middle ear structures. Their classification, diagnosis and treatment pose certain problems. We report on one case of congenital stapes fixation and one case of oval window absence, both associated with an abnormal ...
Kashiwamura Masaaki - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To present clinical features of congenital cholesteatoma treated in our institute and to investigate the locations of congenital cholesteatoma in the middle ear of Japanese patients to verify its pathogeneses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients in our institute and a review of articles on congenital ...
Jeeva Rathan J - - 2005
Lymphangiomas are congenital malformations of lymphatic vessels filled with a clear protein-rich fluid containing few lymph cells. It can also occur in association with hemangioma. Large lymphangioma extending into the tissue spaces of neck is referred to as cystic hygroma. Herewith, we present a case of cystic hygroma associated with ...
Heffel Dominic F - - 2005
Congenital nevi remain a constant and challenging clinical entity for plastic surgeons due to the unsettled question regarding the true incidence of conversion to melanoma. This paper will review the recent distinction described in the literature. To truly obtain a current authoritative accord, a new interdisciplinary consensus conference should probably ...
Vadmal Manjunath - - 2005
Pterygium inversum unguis (PIU) is an uncommon nail abnormality in which the distal nail bed adheres to the ventral surface of the nail plate with obliteration of the distal nail groove. This rare condition, whether congenital, acquired, or idiopathic, has been reported in a few patients. Because of the rarity ...
Sinha D D - - 2005
A case of congenital parotid lipomatosis in an infant is reported and literature is reviewed. This rare condition in children presents as gradually increasing parotid swelling, which is difficult to diagnose preoperatively as this condition is not considered in the differential diagnosis of a parotid mass. Complete excision with superficial ...
Bhat A K - - 2005
Macrodactyly is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by large digits. The usual involvement of macrodactyly is on the pre-axial side of the limb. There has been only one case report to date with involvement of both hands and feet in a child with post-axial upper limb involvement. We report an ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >